Encyclopedia of the History of Astronomy and Astrophysics

Editor/Author Leverington, David
Publication Year: 2013
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Price: Core Collection Only
ISBN: 978-0-521-89994-9
Category: Science - Astronomy
Image Count: 81
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

This comprehensive Encyclopedia covers the full history of astronomy from its ancient origins in Africa, South America, the Middle East and China to the latest developments in astrophysics and space-based research.

Share this

This book is found in the following Credo Collections:

Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Part 1 General astronomy
  • 1 Ancient (pre-telescopic) astronomy
  • Ancient astronomy overview
  • Ancient (pre-telescopic) instruments
  • Australian Aborigines
  • Babylonian astronomy
  • Central Mexico and the Aztecs
  • Chinese astronomy
  • Egyptian astronomy
  • European astronomy in the Middle Ages
  • Greek astronomy
  • Indian astronomy
  • Islamic astronomy
  • Japanese astronomy
  • Mayan astronomy
  • Megalithic astronomy
  • North America
  • Polynesian and Maori astronomy
  • South America and the Incas
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • 2 Period overviews
  • Seventeenth century
  • Eighteenth century
  • Nineteenth century
  • Twentieth century prior to the Space Age
  • Astronomy in the Space Age
  • 3 International Astronomical Union
  • Part 2 The solar system
  • 1 Overview – The solar system
  • Structure and size of the solar system
  • Origin of the solar system
  • 2 Sun, Earth and Moon
  • Sun and solar wind
  • Earth's magnetosphere and ionosphere
  • Earth
  • Moon
  • Origin of the Moon
  • 3 Inner solar system
  • Vulcan
  • Mercury
  • Venus
  • Mars
  • 4 Giant planets
  • Atmospheric constituents of the outer planets
  • Internal structures of the outer planets
  • Jupiter
  • Saturn
  • Uranus
  • Neptune
  • 5 Smaller objects
  • Asteroids
  • Comets
  • Meteorites
  • Meteors
  • Pluto
  • Trans-Neptunian Objects and Centaurs
  • 6 Exoplanets
  • Part 3 Stars
  • 1 Stars considered individually
  • Star atmospheres
  • Star distances
  • Star magnetic fields
  • Star masses
  • Star rotations
  • Star temperatures
  • 2 Stars considered as a group
  • Hertzsprung-Russell diagram
  • Internal structure of stars
  • Sources of stellar energy
  • Spectral classification of stars
  • Star catalogues
  • Stellar evolution
  • 3 Types of stars
  • Binary stars
  • Black holes
  • Brown dwarfs
  • Cataclysmic variables
  • Eruptive variables
  • Gamma-ray bursts
  • Neutron stars
  • Planetary nebulae
  • Pulsars
  • Pulsating variables
  • Soft gamma repeaters, magnetars and anomalous X-ray pulsars
  • Supernovae
  • Supernova remnants
  • White dwarfs
  • X-ray bursters
  • X-ray transients
  • Part 4 Galaxies and cosmology
  • 1 Milky Way
  • Overview – Milky Way
  • Globular clusters
  • Interstellar absorption
  • Magellanic Clouds
  • 2 Other galaxies and cosmology
  • Active galaxies
  • Andromeda nebula (M31)
  • Cosmic rays
  • Cosmology: Origin, age and development of the universe
  • Extraterrestrial life
  • Galaxy classification
  • Interacting galaxies, starburst galaxies and the large-scale structure of the universe
  • Nature and distance of spiral nebulae
  • X-ray background radiation
  • Part 5 General Astronomical Tools and Techniques (Post-1600)
  • General astronomical tools and techniques
  • Adaptive optics
  • Charge-coupled devices
  • Helioseismology
  • Optical interferometry
  • Photography
  • Photometry
  • Radiometry
  • Spectroheliograph
  • Spectroscopy
  • Part 6 Optical Telescopes and Observatories
  • 1 Overview – Optical telescopes and observatories
  • Modern optical interferometers
  • Modern optical solar observatories
  • Reflecting telescopes
  • Refracting telescopes
  • 2 Optical observatories
  • Apache Point Observatory
  • Argentine National Observatory, Cordoba
  • Asiago Observatory
  • Australian optical observatories
  • Berlin and Potsdam Observatories
  • BTA-6 Optical Telescope, Zelenchukskaya
  • Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory
  • Calar Alto
  • Canadian optical observatories
  • Canary Islands optical observatories
  • Carnegie Southern Observatory (Las Campanas)
  • Chinese optical observatories
  • Crimean Astrophysical Observatory
  • European Southern Observatory
  • Greenwich Observatory
  • Harvard College Observatory
  • Haute-Provence Observatory
  • Karl Schwarzschild Observatory, Tautenburg
  • Kitt Peak and Cerro Tololo Observatories
  • Lick Observatory
  • Mauna Kea Observatory
  • McDonald Observatory
  • Mount Graham International Optical Observatory
  • Mount Hopkins’ Whipple Observatory and the MMT
  • Mount Wilson Observatory
  • National New Technology Telescope and Gemini
  • Palomar Mountain Observatory
  • Paris and Meudon Observatories
  • Pic du Midi Observatory
  • Pulkovo Optical Observatory
  • SOAR
  • South African observatories
  • Tokyo Astronomical Observatory
  • Tycho Brahe's observatories
  • United States Naval Observatory
  • Yerkes Observatory
  • Part 7 Radio telescopes, observatories and radar
  • 1 Overview – Radio telescopes and observatories
  • 2 Early radio astronomy and observatories
  • Karl Jansky's radio astronomy
  • Grote Reber's radio astronomy
  • James Hey and the Sun
  • Early Australian radio astronomy
  • Early Cambridge radio astronomy
  • Later Cambridge radio telescopes
  • Early Jodrell Bank radio astronomy
  • Later Jodrell Bank radio telescopes
  • MERLIN
  • Early Soviet radio astronomy
  • Early French radio astronomy
  • Early Dutch radio telescopes
  • Early American radio astronomy
  • 3 Later radio observatories
  • Algonquin Radio Observatory
  • Arecibo Radio Telescope
  • Culgoora, Fleurs and the Australia Telescope
  • Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory
  • Effelsberg Radio Telescope
  • European VLBI Network
  • Five College Radio Astronomy Observatory
  • Heinrich Hertz Submillimeter Telescope
  • Indian radio telescopes
  • IRAM radio telescopes
  • Japanese terrestrial radio telescopes
  • JPL/NASA's Deep Space Network
  • MIT Lincoln Laboratory, Haystack
  • Ohio Transit Radio Telescope
  • Owens Valley Radio Observatory
  • Parkes Radio Telescope
  • South Pole radio telescopes
  • Submillimetre radio telescopes on Mauna Kea
  • United States National Radio Astronomy Observatory
  • United States Naval Research Laboratory radio telescopes
  • Vermilion River Observatory, University of Illinois
  • Very Large Array
  • Very Long Baseline Array
  • Part 8 Other ground-based observatories
  • Other ground-based observatories
  • Gravity wave detectors and observatories
  • Ground-based cosmic-ray observatories
  • Ground-based gamma-ray observatories
  • Neutrino observatories
  • Part 9 Solar System Exploration Spacecraft
  • 1 Overview – Solar system exploration spacecraft
  • 2 Individual solar system exploration spacecraft
  • ACE
  • Apollo
  • Cassini–Huygens
  • Chandrayaan–1
  • Clementine
  • Cluster
  • Deep Impact
  • Double Star
  • Early Explorer magnetospheric spacecraft
  • Early sounding rocket experiments
  • FAST
  • Galileo
  • Genesis
  • Geotail
  • Halley's comet intercepts
  • Hayabusa
  • Helios
  • Hinode
  • IMAGE
  • IMP-1
  • ISEE
  • Luna
  • Lunar Orbiter
  • Lunar Prospector
  • Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter/LCROSS
  • Magellan
  • Mariners to Mars
  • Mariners to Venus and Mercury
  • Mars Exploration Rovers
  • Mars Express
  • Mars Global Surveyor
  • Mars Odyssey
  • Mars Pathfinder
  • Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
  • MESSENGER
  • NEAR Shoemaker
  • Orbiting Solar Observatory (OSO) Spacecraft
  • Phoenix Mars Lander
  • Pioneer 10 and 11
  • Pioneer lunar spacecraft
  • Pioneer-Venus
  • POLAR
  • Ranger
  • RHESSI
  • SAMPEX
  • Skylab
  • SOHO
  • Solar Dynamics Observatory
  • Solar irradiance missions
  • Solar Max
  • Soviet Mars Programme
  • Sputniks 1–3
  • Stardust
  • STEREO
  • Surveyor
  • THEMIS
  • TIMED
  • TRACE
  • Ulysses
  • Vega
  • Venera programme
  • Venus Express
  • Viking
  • Voyager
  • WIND
  • Yohkoh
  • Part 10 Observatory Spacecraft
  • 1 Overview – Spacecraft observatories
  • 2 Individual spacecraft observatories
  • Akari
  • ANS
  • Ariel 5
  • Astron
  • BeppoSAX
  • Chandra X-ray Observatory
  • COBE
  • Compton Gamma Ray Observatory
  • COS-B
  • EUVE
  • Exosat
  • Explorer 11
  • Fermi
  • FUSE
  • GALEX
  • Granat
  • HALCA
  • Herschel Space Observatory
  • HETE-2
  • High Energy Astronomy Observatories (HEAOs)
  • Hipparcos
  • Hubble Space Telescope
  • INTEGRAL
  • IRAS
  • ISO
  • IUE
  • Japanese X-Ray astrophysical spacecraft
  • Orbiting Astronomical Observatories (OAOs)
  • Planck
  • Rosat
  • RXTE
  • SAS-2 and 3
  • Spitzer Space Telescope
  • SWAS
  • Swift
  • TD–1A
  • Uhuru
  • Vela
  • WMAP
  • XMM-Newton