The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human Paleopathology

Editor/Author Aufderheide, Arthur C. and Rodriguez-Martin, Conrado
Publication Year: 2011
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Price: Core Collection Only
ISBN: 978-1-10-740377-2
Category: Science - Biology
Image Count: 310
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human Paleopathology is a major reference work for all those interested in the identification of disease in human remains.

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Table of Contents

    • Preface
    • Acknowledgements
    • Part One: History of paleopathology
    • Introduction
    • Antecedent phase
    • Genesis of paleopathology
    • Interbellum consolidation phase
    • The new paleopathology
    • Part Two: Pseudopathology
    • Pseudopathology: Introduction
    • Soft tissue pseudopathology
    • Skeletal tissue pseudopaleopathology
    • Part Three: Traumatic conditions
    • Traumatic conditions
    • Skeletal evidence of trauma
    • Fracture
    • Skull fractures and crushing injuries
    • Vertebral and thoracic fractures
    • Dislocations
    • Traumatic myositis ossificans
    • Localized subperiosteal thickenings
    • Skeletal injuries by weapons
    • Decapitation
    • Strangulation
    • Amputation: the skeletal evidence
    • Amputation: the soft tissue (finger) evidence
    • Trephination
    • Cranial deformation
    • Cauterization
    • Bloodletting
    • Scalping
    • Crucifixion
    • Soft tissue injuries: inflicted by others
    • Lacerations and stab wounds
    • Sacrifice victims
    • Accidental injuries
    • Soft tissue injuries: mutilation
    • Introduction
    • Labrets
    • Nasal and earrings
    • Hair and nails
    • Circumcision
    • Tattoos and scarification
    • Purpose(s)
    • Part Four: Congenital anomalies
    • Congenital skeletal anomolies
    • Skull malformations
    • Craniosynostoses
    • Complex craniofacial deformities
    • Anencephaly
    • Microcephaly
    • Macrocephaly
    • Hydrocephalus
    • Congenital herniation of meninges and brain
    • Cleft palate (palatoschisis)
    • Enlarged parietal foramina (foramina parietalia permagna; Catlin Mark)
    • Congenital malformations of the spine
    • Atlas occipitalization (atlanto-occipital fusion; atlanto-occipital assimilation)
    • Basilar impression
    • Klippel-Feil syndrome
    • Jarcho-Levin syndrome of vertebral anomalies
    • Congenital absence of the odontoid process
    • Spina bifida
    • Butterfly vertebra
    • Anterior spina bifida
    • Incomplete segmentation of vertebral segments
    • Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis
    • Hemivertebrae
    • Sacrococcygeal agenesis
    • Sacral agenesis
    • Congenital absence of the pedicles
    • Transitional vertebrae
    • Scoliosis
    • Congenital kyphosis
    • Congenital malformations of the thorax
    • Cervical ribs
    • Costal fusion
    • Other rib anomalies
    • Congenital malformations of the pelvis
    • Congenital dislocation of the hip
    • Extrophy of bladder and cleft pelvis
    • Aplasia and hypoplasia of the extremities
    • Failures in the development of a limb
    • Failures in the development of bones
    • Upper extremity malformations
    • Dysostosis cleidocranialis
    • Sprengel's deformity
    • Madelung's deformity
    • Congenital radio-ulnar synostosis
    • Congenital dislocation of the radius
    • Congenital pseudoarthrosis of the clavicle
    • Carpal blocks
    • Lower extremity malformations
    • Developmental coxa vara
    • Genu recurvatum congenitum
    • Bipartite patella
    • Congenital angulation of the tibia
    • Congenital pseudoarthrosis of the tibia
    • Tibial-fibular synostosis
    • Tarsal blocks
    • Talipes equinovarus
    • Metatarsus varus congenitus
    • Talus verticalis congenitus
    • Malformations of fingers and toes
    • Adactyly
    • Syndactyly
    • Polydactyly
    • Symphalangism
    • Hyperphalangism
    • Part Five: Circulatory disorders
    • Aneurysms
    • Congenital aortic disease
    • Osteochondritis dissecans
    • Osteochondroses
    • Necrosis of the femoral head
    • Primary necrosis of the medial femoral condyle
    • Slipped femoral capital epiphysis
    • Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy
    • Part Six: Joint diseases
    • Degenerative joint disease
    • Degenerative disease of the spine
    • Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH)
    • Rheumatoid arthritis
    • Juvenile chronic arthritis
    • Ankylosing spondylitis (AS)
    • Psoriatic arthritis
    • Reiter's syndrome (reactive arthritis)
    • Enteropathic arthropathies
    • Traumatic arthritis
    • Nonspecific septic arthritis
    • Neurotrophic arthropathy
    • Gout
    • Definition and etiology
    • Ochronosis
    • Hemochromatosis
    • Definition
    • Genetic (primary, hereditary, idiopathic) hemochromatosis
    • Acquired hemochromatosis
    • Paleopathology
    • Part Seven: Infectious diseases
    • Infectious Diseases: Introduction
    • Bacterial Infections
    • Tuberculosis
    • Leprosy
    • Treponematosis
    • Osteomyelitis
    • Pneumonia
    • Salmonellosis
    • Brucellosis
    • Actinomycosis
    • Nocardiosis
    • Plague
    • Cholera
    • Gas gangrene
    • Lyme disease
    • Glanders
    • Tropical ulcer
    • Tropical ulcer
    • Ainhum
    • Virus Infections
    • Introduction
    • Smallpox
    • Measles
    • Rubella
    • Influenza
    • Poliomyelitis
    • Miscellaneous virus infections
    • Fungal Infections
    • Introduction
    • History of the fungal infections
    • Systemic mycoses
    • Subcutaneous Mycoses
    • Parasitic Infections
    • Introduction
    • Protozoan infections
    • Helminth infections
    • Part Eight: Diseases of the viscera
    • Diseases of the viscera: Introduction
    • Soft tissue lesions of the head and neck
    • Heart and pericardial diseases
    • Pulmonary diseases
    • Liver and biliary tract diseases
    • Gastrointestinal tract diseases
    • Urinary diseases
    • Genital diseases
    • Breast diseases
    • Dermatological diseases
    • Part Nine: Metabolic diseases
    • Vitamin D-related syndromes: rickets and osteomalacia
    • Scurvy
    • Osteoporosis
    • Intoxications
    • Fluorosis
    • Lead poisoning
    • Mercury poisoning
    • Arsenic poisoning
    • Mycotoxicosis
    • Part Ten: Endocrine disorders
    • Endocrine disorders: Introduction
    • The pituitary gland
    • The parathyroid glands
    • Disorders affecting gender expression
    • The thyroid
    • The adrenals
    • Diabetes mellitus
    • Part Eleven: Hematological disorders
    • Hematological disorders: Introduction
    • Disorders of red blood cells (anemias)
    • Disorders of white blood cells
    • Bleeding disorders
    • Part Twelve: Skeletal dysplasias
    • Skeletal dysplasias: Introduction
    • Growth defects of long bones and spine
    • Introduction
    • Achondroplasia
    • Chondrodysplasia punctata
    • Camptomelic Dysplasia
    • Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia
    • Short-limbed dwarfism with prominent spine alterations
    • Congenital spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia
    • Kniest dysplasia
    • Larsen's syndrome
    • Metaphyseal and diaphyseal disorders
    • Diaphyseal aclasis
    • Metaphyseal chondrodysplasia
    • Metatrophic dysplasia
    • Dystrophic dysplasia
    • Dyschondrosteosis
    • Chondroectodermal dysplasia
    • Developmental anomalies of cartilaginous and fibrous components of the skeleton
    • Dyschondroplasia
    • Disorders of diaphyseal density or metaphyseal remodeling
    • Osteopetrosis
    • Dysosteosclerosis
    • Pyknodysostosis
    • Infantile cortical hyperostosis
    • Diaphyseal dysplasia
    • Frontometaphyseal dysplasia
    • Craniometaphyseal dysplasia
    • Metaphyseal dysplasia
    • Craniodiaphyseal dysplasia
    • Melorheostosis
    • Hyperphosphatasia
    • Hypophosphatasia
    • Collagen disorders leading to inappropriate mineralization
    • Introduction
    • Osteogenesis imperfecta
    • Fibrogenesis imperfecta ossium
    • Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva
    • Osteopoikilosis
    • Osteopathia striata
    • Nail–Patella syndrome
    • Marfan's syndrome
    • Homocystinuria
    • Skeletal dysplasias due to chromosomal aberrations
    • Introduction
    • Trisomy 21
    • Trisomy 8
    • Deletion 5p
    • Turner's syndrome
    • Klinefelter's syndrome
    • Skeletal dysplasias due to congenital metabolic disorders
    • Mucopolysaccharidoses
    • Mucolipidoses
    • Lipid storage diseases
    • Part Thirteen: Neoplastic conditions
    • General principles of neoplasia
    • Definition
    • Characteristics of benign and malignant tumors
    • Function of neoplastic cells
    • Epidemiology
    • Causes of neoplasia
    • Cancer in antiquity
    • Paleopathological study of neoplasms
    • Tumors of osseous origin or differentiation
    • Osteoma
    • Solitary enostosis
    • Osteoid osteoma
    • Osteoblastoma
    • Ossifying fibroma
    • Osteogenic sarcoma
    • Tumors of cartilage origin or differentiation
    • Chondroma
    • Chondroblastoma
    • Chondromyxoid fibroma
    • Osteochondroma
    • Chondrosarcoma
    • Tumors of fibrous connective tissue origin or differentiation
    • Introduction
    • Desmoplastic fibroma
    • Nonossifying fibroma
    • Fibrosarcoma
    • Fibrous histiocytoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma
    • Lipoma, liposarcoma, and leiomyosarcoma
    • Tumors of vascular differentiation
    • Hemangioma of bone
    • Glomus tumor, hemangiopericytoma, and hemangioendothelioma
    • Angiosarcoma
    • Tumors of neural tissue
    • Neurilemmoma (Schwannoma), neurofibroma, and neurofibrosarcoma
    • Notochord tumors
    • Chordoma
    • Miscellaneous tumors of unknown origin
    • Giant cell reparative granuloma
    • Meningioma
    • Giant cell tumor
    • Ewing's sarcoma
    • Primary malignant lymphoma of bone
    • Metastatic skeletal lesions
    • Bone cysts
    • Part Fourteen: Diseases of the dentition
    • Oral biology
    • Attrition
    • Temporomandibular joint disease
    • Periodontal disorders
    • Dental caries
    • Enamel hypoplasia
    • Miscellaneous dentition-related conditions
    • Part Fifteen: Miscellaneous conditions
    • Paget's disease of bone
    • Leontiasis ossea
    • Hyperostosis frontalis interna
    • Generalized hyperostosis with pachydermia (pachydermo-hyperostosis)
    • Fibrous dysplasia of bone (fibro-osseous dysplasia)
    • Skeletal neurofibromatosis (von Recklinghausen's disease)
    • Harris lines
    • References