Encyclopedia of Ophthalmology

Editor/Author Schmidt-Erfurth, Ursula and Kohnen, Thomas
Publication Year: 2018
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media

ISBN: 978-3-540-68292-9
Category: Health & Medicine - Medicine
Image Count: 449
Book Status: Pending
Predicted Release Month: Sept 2019
Table of Contents

Rapid advances in pathogenetic insight, diagnostic and therapeutic modalities, and basic research continuously influence the state of the art in ophthalmology. This comprehensive encyclopedia offers a systematic and complete source of information including basic principles and novel updates, both clinical and scientific.

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Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • Acknowledgment
  • List of Topics
  • Editors and Contributors
  • A
  • Aberrometry
  • Absorption, Light, Spectra of Visual Pigments
  • Accommodating Intraocular Lens
  • Accommodation, Cataract
  • Accommodation, Functional (Nonorganic/Nonphysiologic) Disorders of
  • Acetazolamide for Pseudotumor Cerebri
  • Achromatopsia (Rod Monochromatism), Gene Defects Causing
  • Achromatopsia Cerebral
  • Acrylic Intraocular Lens
  • Actinic (Solar) Keratosis
  • Actinic Keratosis
  • Acute Angle Closure
  • Acute Hemorrhagic Conjunctivitis
  • Acute Idiopathic Enlargement of Blind Spot
  • Acute Retinal Necrosis (Necrotizing Herpetic Retinitis)
  • Acute Zonal Occult Outer Retinopathy (AZOOR)
  • Adenoviral Keratoconjunctivitis
  • Adie's Pupil (Tonic Pupil), Pharmacologic Testing
  • Adult-Onset Foveomacular Vitelliform Dystrophy
  • Afferent Pupillary Defects, Relative (Marcus Gunn Pupil)
  • Afferent Visual Pathways
  • Age-Related Macular Degeneration
  • Agnosia, Object
  • AIDS and Neuro-Ophthalmology Manifestations
  • Akinetopsia
  • Albinism
  • Alexander's Law
  • Alexia, Without Agraphia
  • Allergic Conjunctivitis
  • Alport Disease/Syndrome, Renal
  • Alström Syndrome
  • Alternating Skew Deviation
  • Altitudinal Visual Field Defects
  • Amaurosis Fugax
  • Ametropia: Definition
  • Amniotic Fluid Embolism, Purtscher-Like Retinopathy
  • Amniotic Membrane Transplantation Nonpharmacotherapy
  • Amorphous Corneal Dystrophy, Posterior Disease
  • Analgesic Rebound Headache
  • Anatomic Reattachment Surgery, for Retinal Detachment
  • Anecortave Acetate (RETAANE), for Age-Related Macular Degeneration
  • Anesthesia (Anesthetics), Local
  • Anesthesia, Cataract
  • Aneurysm Retinal Arterial
  • Aneurysms
  • Angiofibromas, Facial, in Tuberous Sclerosis
  • Angiography, Fluorescein
  • Angiomas (Angiomatosis)
  • Angle Closure
  • Angle Closure Secondary to Uveal Effusion
  • Angle Recession Glaucoma
  • Angle-Closure Glaucoma
  • Angle-Closure Suspect
  • Aniridia, Traumatic
  • Anisocoria of Small Pupil: Horner Syndrome
  • Anisocoria of the Small Pupil
  • Anisocoria: Big Pupil
  • Annulus of Zinn
  • Anomalous Trichromats
  • Anophthalmic Socket
  • Anterior Capsule
  • Anterior Capsulorhexis
  • Anterior Capsulotomy Techniques
  • Anterior Chamber
  • Anterior Chiasmal Syndrome
  • Anterior Cranial Fossa
  • Anterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery
  • Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty, Laser Assisted
  • Anterior Megalophtalmos
  • Anterior Optic Capture
  • Anterior Orbitotomy
  • Anterior Segment
  • Anterior Segment Partial Coherence Interferometry
  • Anterior Segment Surgery
  • Anterior Vitreous Detachment, Contusion Injury Causing
  • Antibiotics for Eye Infections
  • Anticoagulants, Ophthalmological Treatment
  • Antioxidants
  • Antivascular Endothelial Growth Factor
  • Aphakic Spectacles
  • Apodized Diffractive Intraocular Lens
  • Apraxia of Lid Opening
  • Aqueous Humor
  • Arachnoid Mater, Optic Nerve
  • Arc Welding, Occupational Light Injury and
  • Argon Laser Therapy
  • Argyll Robertson Pupil
  • Arterial Dissection
  • Arteriohepatic Dysplasia (Alagille Syndrome), Retinal Degeneration
  • Arteriovenous Malformations (AVMs)
  • Arteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy
  • Arteritic Ischemic Optic Neuropathy
  • Artisan Lens
  • Aspergillosis and Mucormycosis, Orbital Infections
  • Aspergillosis in Orbit
  • Aspheric Profile Photorefractive Keratectomy
  • Aspherical Intraocular Lens
  • Aspiration Curette
  • Aspirin (for Carotid Artery Disease)
  • Aspirin: Usage, Effects, and Dosage in Ophthalmology
  • Asteroid Hyalosis
  • Astigmatic Keratotomy
  • Astigmatism
  • Astrocytoma (Astrocytic Hamartoma)
  • Ataxia, Optic
  • Ataxia-Telangiectasia (A-T)
  • Atopic Dermatitis
  • Atrophy, Geographic
  • Atrophy, Gyrate
  • Atropine Drug, Usage in Ophthalmology
  • Axenfeld-Rieger Syndrome; Mesodermal Dysgenesis; Leukomas
  • Axial Length
  • B
  • Bacterial Adhesion in Ophthalmology, Characteristics of
  • Bacterial Keratitis
  • Balint Syndrome
  • Bardet–Biedl Syndrome, Renal
  • Bartonella henselae, Cat Scratch
  • Basal Cell Carcinoma of Eyelid
  • Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome (Gorlin Syndrome)
  • Battle Sign, Facial Nerve Palsy
  • Baylisascaris procyonis (Raccoon Ascarid), Diffuse Unilateral Subacute Neuroretinitis
  • Bell's Palsy
  • Benign Episodic Pupillary Mydriasis
  • Benign Essential Blepharospasm: Orbital and Oculoplastic Considerations
  • Benign Essential Blepharospasm: Neuro-ophthalmic Considerations
  • Bergmeister's Papilla
  • Best Disease
  • Best-Fit Sphere
  • Beta Carotene, Use and Dosage of
  • Bichrome (Red-Green/Duochrome) Test
  • Bietti Crystalline Retinopathy
  • Bifocal Lenses
  • Binocular Diplopia
  • Binocular Indirect Ophthalmoscope (BIO), in Retinal Examination
  • Biometry, Use and Principle of
  • Biomicroscopy, Ultrasound
  • Biomicroscopy, Ultrasound, of Anterior Segment
  • Bipolar Cells
  • Birdshot Retinochoroidopathy (Vitiliginous Chorioretinitis)
  • Bitemporal Hemianopsia
  • Bitoric
  • Blepharitis
  • Blepharochalasis
  • Blepharoconjunctivitis
  • Bloch-Sulzberger Syndrome (Incontinentia Pigmenti)
  • Blood-Aqueous Barrier
  • Blood-Retina Barrier
  • Blowout Fractures
  • Blue Cone Monochromatism
  • Blue Nevus
  • Blue Sclera
  • Blunt Trauma
  • Borrelia burgdorferi
  • Botox: Spastic Entropion
  • Bowen's Disease
  • Bright-Flash Electroretinogram
  • Brightness (Radiance)
  • Bruch's Membrane
  • Buccal Mucous Membrane Graft
  • Bulla
  • Burns
  • C
  • Calcific Band Keratopathy
  • Canaliculitis
  • Cancer, Retinopathy Associated with
  • Cancer-Associated Retinopathy
  • Candida Keratitis/Ocular Infection
  • Candle Power (Luminous Intensity)
  • Can-Opener Technique
  • Canthal Reconstruction
  • Canthaxanthin, Retinopathy
  • Cantholysis
  • Canthotomy
  • Capsular Bag
  • Capsular Bag Opacification
  • Capsular Bend
  • Capsular Block Syndrome
  • Capsular Tension Ring
  • Capsulotomy
  • Carbon Dioxide Laser
  • Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors, for Cystoid Macular Edema
  • Carcinoma In Situ, of Conjunctiva
  • Carotenoids (Xanthophylls)
  • Carotid Cavernous Fistula
  • Carpenter Syndrome
  • Cat Scratch Disease
  • Cat Scratch Disease, Ocular Manifestations
  • Cataract Surgery
  • Cataract, Causes and Treatment
  • Catarrhal (Marginal Corneal) Infiltrates
  • Cavernous Sinus Anatomy
  • Cavernous Sinus Syndrome
  • Cefuroxime
  • Cellophane Maculopathy
  • Cellulitis, Preseptal, Haemophilus Causing
  • Central Corneal Thickness
  • Central Retinal Artery Occlusion, Ocular Ischemic Syndrome
  • Central Retinal Vein, Occlusion of
  • Central Serous Chorioretinopathy/Choroidopathy
  • Cerebral Achromatopsia
  • Cerebrohepatorenal (Zellweger) Syndrome
  • Ceroid Lipofuscinosis
  • Chalazion
  • Chandler Syndrome
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease, Retinal Degeneration
  • Charles Bonnet Syndrome: Overview
  • Chédiak-Higashi Syndrome
  • Cheek Elevation, in Eyelid Repair
  • Chelation Therapy, for Calcific Band Keratopathy
  • Chemical Injury (Burns)
  • Chemosis
  • Chiasmal Disorders
  • Chlamydia
  • Chloasma, of Eyelids
  • Chloroquine Toxicity, Cornea Verticillata
  • Chlorpromazine, Cornea Verticillata
  • Chlorpromazine, Retinal Degeneration
  • Chocolate Cyst
  • Cholesterol Emboli (Hollenhorst Plaques)
  • Choristomas
  • Choroid, Gyrate Atrophy of
  • Choroidal Hemangioma
  • Choroidal Neovascularization
  • Choroidal Neovascularization: Myopia
  • Choroidal Osteoma
  • Choroidal Perfusion Abnormalities in the Preeclampsia, Eclampsia, and HELLP Syndrome Complex
  • Chromatic Aberration: Definition
  • Chrysiasis, Corneal Pigmentation
  • Ciliary Arteries
  • Ciliary Block (Malignant) Glaucoma, Muscarinic Antagonists for
  • Ciliary Block “Malignant” Glaucoma
  • Ciliary Body
  • Ciliary Ganglion
  • Ciliary Muscle
  • Circularly Polarized Light
  • Claude Syndrome
  • Clear Corneal Incision
  • Climatic Droplet Keratopathy (Spheroidal Degeneration)
  • Coats’ White Ring
  • Cogan Syndrome
  • Collamer Intraocular Lens
  • Collier's Sign
  • Color Blindness
  • Color Vision, Three Cone Opsins
  • Colvard Pupillometer
  • Comatic Aberrations
  • Comma Sign, in Sickle Cell Hemoglobinopathies
  • Commotio Retinae (Berlin Disease/Edema)
  • Communicating Arteries Anterior
  • Compound Nevus
  • Computerized Corneal Topography
  • Concretions, Conjunctival
  • Concussive Trauma
  • Conductive Keratoplasty
  • Cone Dystrophies/Degeneration
  • Cone-Rod Dystrophy
  • Confocal Microscopy
  • Confocal Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscopy, in Retinal Examination
  • Congenital Hereditary Endothelial Dystrophy
  • Congenital Hereditary Stromal Dystrophy
  • Congenital Hypertrophy of Retinal Pigment Epithelium
  • Congenital Ocular Motor Apraxia
  • Conjunctiva
  • Conjunctival Autograft
  • Conjunctival Degenerations
  • Conjunctival Flaps
  • Conjunctival Inclusion Cysts
  • Conjunctival Tumors
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Conjunctivochalasis
  • Connective Tissue Disorder of the Cornea
  • Contact Dermatoblepharitis
  • Contracted Socket
  • Contrast Sensitivity
  • Contrast Sensitivity Function, General
  • Cornea
  • Cornea Farinata
  • Cornea Plana
  • Cornea Verticillata
  • Corneal Ablation
  • Corneal Arcus
  • Corneal Astigmatism
  • Corneal Collagen
  • Corneal Degenerations
  • Corneal Diameter
  • Corneal Dystrophies
  • Corneal Ectasia
  • Corneal Guttata
  • Corneal Intraepithelial Neoplasia
  • Corneal Limbus
  • Corneal Patching
  • Corneal Pigmentations
  • Corneal Stromal Haze
  • Corneal Tattoo
  • Corneal Topography
  • Corneal Ulcers
  • Corneoretinal Dystrophy, Bietti's Crystalline
  • Corneoscleral Laceration
  • Coronal Scalp Flap, for Anterior Orbitotomy
  • Corticosteroids
  • Corticosteroids, Use in Ophthalmology
  • Cranial Nerve III (Oculomotor Nerve)
  • Cranial Nerve IV (Trochlear Nerve), CNIV
  • Cranial Nerve V (Trigeminal Nerve)
  • Cranial Nerve VI (Abducens Nerve)
  • Cranial Nerve VII
  • Craniopharyngiomas
  • Cryptophthalmos
  • Cryptophthalmos-Syndactyly (Fraser) Syndrome
  • Crystalline Dystrophy
  • Crystalline Keratopathy, Infectious
  • Crystalline Lens
  • Cutaneous Horn+B2658
  • Cutler-Beard Procedure
  • Cyanoacrylate Adhesive
  • Cyclopia
  • Cylindroma of Eyelid
  • Cystic Retinal Tufts
  • Cysticercosis, Orbital Involvement and
  • Cystinosis, Ocular Findings in, Retinal Degeneration
  • Cytomegaloviruses, Retinitis
  • D
  • Dacryoadenitis
  • Dacryoadenoma
  • Dacryocystitis
  • Darier Disease (Keratosis Follicularis)
  • Dark Adaptation Testing
  • Day Blindness (Hemeralopia), in Cone Dystrophies
  • Decentration
  • Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty (DALK)
  • Deep Lamellar Endothelial Keratoplasty (DLEK)
  • Degenerative Retinoschisis, Typical and Reticular
  • Dellen
  • Demyelination, in Multiple Sclerosis, Optic Neuritis
  • Dermatitis
  • Dermis-Fat Grafts
  • Descemetocele
  • Desferrioxamine Retinopathy
  • Desquamating Skin Conditions
  • Dexamethasone Implant
  • Diabetic Macular Edema
  • Diabetic Papillopathy
  • Diabetic Retinopathy, Proliferative
  • Diffusion-Weighted MR Image
  • Diode Lasers
  • Diopter: Definition
  • Diplopia in Graves’ Ophthalmopathy
  • Diplopia in Multiple Sclerosis
  • Diplopia in Myopathies
  • Diplopia in Vertebrobasilar System Disease
  • Diplopia Monocular
  • Diplopia, Restrictive Syndromes Causing
  • Disciform Keratitis, Herpes Simplex Virus Causing
  • Disciform Scar
  • Dispersion: Definition
  • Distichiasis: Definition
  • DNA, Disorders with Retinal Phenotype, Associated with Mitochondrial DNA (mt-DNA) Mutations
  • Doll's Head Maneuver/Phenomenon, in Horizontal Gaze Palsy
  • Dorsal Midbrain (Parinaud) Syndrome, Convergence-Retraction Nystagmus, Eyelid Retraction
  • Double Convexity Deformity
  • Double Ring Sign: Optic Nerve Hypoplasia
  • Doyne's Honeycomb Dystrophy
  • Drugs, Ocular, Absorption of
  • Drugs: Anisocoria
  • Drugs: Hallucinations
  • Drusen
  • Dry Eye: Definition
  • Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy: Retinal Degeneration
  • Duction Test
  • Duplex Ultrasonography
  • Dural Sinus Thrombosis
  • Dyschromatopsia
  • E
  • Eales’ Disease
  • Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS)
  • Echinococcus granulosus (Echinococcosis), Orbital
  • Eclampsia, Neuro-Ophthalmic Disorders, Transient Visual Loss
  • Ectasia, Corneal
  • Ectodermal Dysplasia
  • Ectopia Lentis
  • Ectrodactyly-Ectodermal Dysplasial-Clefting (EEC) Syndrome
  • Eczema, of Eyelid
  • Edema, Eyelid
  • Edinger-Westphal Complex
  • Efferent Visual System (Ocular Motor Pathways)
  • Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, Angioid Streaks in
  • Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, Gene Linkage of Disease
  • Electrically Evoked Potentials
  • Electromagnetic Energy/Radiation, Adverse Effects on Retina
  • Electrooculogram
  • Electroretinogram
  • Elschnig Spots: Sign of Acute and Chronic Hypertensive Choroidopathy
  • Emmetropia: Definition
  • Emphysema (Ocular), of Orbit and Eyelids, in Blowout Fractures
  • Encircling Buckle
  • Endophthalmitis
  • Endothelial Degenerations
  • Endothelial Dystrophies
  • Endothelial Failure
  • Endothelial Graft Rejection
  • Enucleation
  • Ephelis (Freckle), Conjunctival Disease
  • Ephelis (Freckle), of the Eyelid
  • Epibulbar Tumor
  • Epidermal Cysts, of the Eyelid
  • Epidermis
  • Epidermoid Cysts
  • Episcleritis: Overview
  • Epithelial Defects
  • Epithelial Dystrophies
  • Epithelial Erosions
  • Epithelial Inclusion Cysts
  • Epitheliopathy
  • Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate in Giant Cell Arteritis
  • ETDRS Visual Acuity Chart
  • Evisceration
  • Excimer Laser Photoablation
  • Excimer Lasers
  • Excisional Biopsy
  • Exposure Keratitis/Keratopathy
  • Exposure Staining, Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca
  • External Hordeolum (Stye)
  • Extraperiosteal Route
  • Eye Bank Association of America
  • Eye Banking
  • Eyelid Erythema
  • Eyelid Trauma
  • Eyelid Weights
  • Eyelid Weights, for Exposure Keratopathy
  • F
  • Facial Diplegia, Guillain-Barré Syndrome
  • Femtosecond Laser
  • Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy (FNAB) of Orbit
  • Fluorescein, as Diagnostic Agent
  • Flutter, Ocular
  • Foldable Intraocular Lens
  • Fornices
  • Fourth Nerve Palsy
  • Fovea, Foveal Avascular Zone (FAZ)
  • Foveola
  • Foville Syndrome
  • François, Central Cloudy Dystrophy
  • Free Caps, LASIK Complication
  • Free Radicals
  • Frequency of Light Wave
  • Fresnel
  • Fresnel Prisms
  • Fuchs Heterochromic Iridocyclitis, Glaucoma
  • Fuchs Superficial Marginal Keratitis
  • Fuchs’ Dystrophy Disease
  • Full-Thickness Eyelid Biopsy
  • Fundamental Considerations Regarding the Optic Nerve
  • Fundus Albipunctatus
  • Fundus Flavimaculatus (Stargardt Disease/Juvenile Macular Degeneration)
  • Fundus Oculi
  • Fundus Salt and Pepper
  • Furrow Degeneration, Senile
  • G
  • Gardner Syndrome: Retinal Pigment Epithelium Hypertrophy
  • Gasserian Ganglion (Semilunar/Trigeminal Ganglion)
  • Geometrical Optics
  • Ghost Cell Glaucoma
  • Giant Papillary (Contact Lens-Induced) Conjunctivitis Disease
  • Glands of Krause, Glands of Moll, Glands of Wolfring, Glands of Zeis
  • Glare Testing
  • Glare, General
  • Globe, Displacement of, in Orbital Disorders
  • Goblet Cells, Mucin Tear Secretion by
  • Goldenhar Syndrome
  • Gonococcal Conjunctivitis
  • Gorlin Syndrome
  • Gradenigo Syndrome
  • Graft-Versus-Host Disease: Overview
  • Gram-Negative Bacteria
  • Gram-Positive Bacteria
  • Graves Ophthalmopathy
  • Graves’ Disease
  • Groenouw Dystrophy Type 1 Disease
  • Guerin (Maxillary) Fracture
  • Gul Schematic Eye
  • H
  • Haemophilus influenzae, Conjunctivitis
  • Hallucination
  • Hansen's Disease
  • Haptic
  • Hard Palate Graft
  • Heerfordt's Syndrome
  • Hemangioblastomas, with Retinal Angiomatosis (von Hippel Lindau Disease)
  • Hemochromatosis
  • Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (Osler-Weber-Rendu Disease)
  • Hereditary Sensory Neuropathy, Neurotrophic Keratopathy
  • Herpes Simplex Virus
  • Herpes Zoster
  • Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus
  • Heterochromic Cyclitis Fuchs’ Glaucoma
  • Hidradenoma, Clear Cell (Eccrine Acrospiroma)
  • Hidrocystoma, Apocrine
  • Higher-Order Aberrations, Refractive Surgery
  • High-Pressure Glaucoma
  • Holmium YAG Laser, Thermokeratoplasty
  • Holmium-YLF Solid-State Laser
  • Homocystinuria
  • Hordeolum
  • Horizontal Eyelid Shortening
  • Horizontal Gaze Center
  • Horner-Trantas Dots
  • Hruby Lens
  • Hudson-Stähli Line
  • Hughes Procedure/Modified Hughes Procedure, in Eyelid Repair
  • Human Herpes Virus
  • Human Papilloma Viruses, Ocular Infection
  • Hurler-Scheie Syndrome
  • Hurricane (Vortex) Keratopathy
  • Hyaluronic Acid, for Dry Eye
  • Hydrodissection
  • Hydrophilic
  • Hydrophilic Acrylic Intraocular Lens
  • Hydrophobic
  • Hydrophobic Acrylic Intraocular Lens
  • Hydrops, Keratoconus
  • Hyperacuity (Vernier Acuity)
  • Hypercalcemia: Corneal Changes
  • Hyperemia, Conjunctival
  • Hyperopia
  • Hyperopic Shift
  • Hypotony
  • I
  • Ice Pack Test for Myasthenia Gravis
  • Ice Pick Pains
  • Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension
  • Illuminance: Definition
  • Image Quality, General
  • Implants, Orbital
  • Incisional Biopsy
  • Indeterminate Melanocytic Lesions of the Choroid
  • Indirect Ophthalmoscope
  • Indocyanine Green
  • Infraciliary Blepharoplasty Incision, for Anterior Orbitotomy
  • Infraorbital Nerve
  • Infrared Digital Photography
  • Infrared Pupillometers
  • Inherited Color Vision Defects
  • Interface Fluid Syndrome
  • Interferometry, General
  • Interlenticular Opacification
  • Internuclear Ophthalmoplegia
  • Interstitial Keratitis
  • Intracameral Antibiotics
  • Intraocular Gases
  • Intraocular Injection of Ocular Drugs
  • Intraocular Lens
  • Intraocular Lymphoma
  • Intraocular Pressure
  • Intraoperative Floppy-Iris Syndrome
  • Intraorbital Foreign Body (IOFB)
  • Intravitreal Injections
  • Intravitreal Triamcinolone
  • Inverted Follicular Keratosis
  • IOL Haptic
  • Iridocorneo Endothelial Syndrome
  • Iridotomy
  • Iris Coloboma
  • Iris Hooks
  • Iris Prosthesis
  • Iris, Characteristics
  • Iron Lines, Pterygium
  • Iron, Corneal Deposits of
  • Iron, Corneal Intraocular Foreign Body of
  • J
  • Juvenile Epithelial Dystrophy (Meesmann Dystrophy)
  • Juvenile Glaucoma
  • K
  • Kaposi Sarcoma
  • Kayser-Fleischer Ring
  • Kearns Syndrome
  • Keloids: Corneal and Congenital
  • Keratinocytes: Overview
  • Keratinoid (Spheroidal) Degeneration
  • Keratitis
  • Keratoacanthoma
  • Keratoconjunctivitis, Sicca: Definition
  • Keratoconjunctivitis: Overview
  • Keratoconus
  • Keratoglobus Basic Science
  • Keratolysis (Corneal Melting), Marginal, Systemic Immune-Mediated Disease
  • Keratomalacia, Vitamin A Deficiency
  • Keratopathy Actinic (Labrador Keratopathy/Spheroidal Degeneration)
  • Keratoprosthesis
  • Kestenbaum's
  • Ketorolac Tromethamine
  • Khodadoust Line
  • Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome
  • Knapp's Law
  • Krukenberg Spindles
  • L
  • Lacrimal Nerve
  • Lagophthalmos
  • Lamellar Keratoplasty
  • Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis
  • Lanthony Tritan Plates, in Color Vision Evaluation
  • Laser Focal Treatment
  • Laser In Situ Keratomileusis
  • Laser Speckle
  • Lash Follicle, Tumors Arising in
  • Lateral Orbitotomy
  • Lattice Dystrophy
  • Lattice Lines
  • Law of Reflection: Definition
  • Law of Refraction (Snell's Law)
  • Le Fort Fractures
  • Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy
  • Legal Blindness: Definition
  • Lens Dislocation
  • Lens Epithelial Cells
  • Lensectomy
  • Lens-Induced Angle-Closure Glaucoma
  • Lensmeter
  • Lenticonus
  • Lentigo Senile (Liver Spots)
  • Lentigo Simplex (Simple Lentigines)
  • Levator Muscle (Levator Palpebrae Superioris)
  • Light Toxicity, Free Radical Damage; Photic Damage/Phototoxicity, Free Radical Damage
  • Light, Pupillary Response
  • Light-Near Dissociation
  • Ligneous Conjunctivitis
  • Limbal Autograft/Allograft (Limbal Transplantation)
  • Limbal Relaxing Incisions
  • Limbal Stem Cells
  • Limbal Transplantation for Chemical Injury
  • Limbal Vernal Conjunctivitis/Keratoconjunctivitis
  • Lipemia Retinalis
  • Lipid Keratopathy
  • Lisch Nodules, in Neurofibromatosis
  • Lithiasis, Conjunctival
  • Local Anesthesia for Ophthalmic Procedures
  • Lower Lid Retraction
  • Luminance: Definition
  • Lutein
  • Luxated Lens
  • Lyme Disease
  • Lymphoma: Definition
  • Lynch Incision, for Anterior Orbitotomy
  • M
  • Macroaneurysms
  • Macropsia
  • Macular Dystrophy
  • Macular Edema
  • Macular Holes
  • Map-Dot-Fingerprint Dystrophy (Epithelial/Anterior Membrane Dystrophy)
  • Marcus Gunn Pupil
  • Marfan Syndrome
  • Maroteaux-Lamy Syndrome
  • McCannel Technique
  • Megalocornea
  • Meibomian Gland Dysfunction
  • Meibomian Glands
  • Melanin in Eyes
  • Melanocytosis
  • Melanokeratosis, Striate
  • Melanoma of the Eyelid
  • Melanomas, Conjunctival
  • Melanosis
  • Melasma, of Eyelids
  • Meretoja Syndrome
  • Methanol, Optic Neuropathy
  • Microcornea
  • Microcystic Epitheliopathy
  • Microkeratome
  • Micropannus
  • Microphthalmos (Microphthalmia)
  • Microphthalmos (Microphthalmia), Anterior
  • Micropsia
  • Miller Fisher
  • Minimum Angle of Resolution/Recognition (MAR)
  • Minus Cylinder Form
  • Mitochondrial Optic Neuropathy
  • Mitomycin C
  • Mohs’ Micrographic Surgery
  • Molluscum Contagiosum, of Eyelid
  • Molluscum Contagiosum: Overview
  • Monocular Diplopia
  • Monocular Distortion
  • Monocular Transient Visual Loss in Carotid Artery Disease
  • Monocular Transient Visual Loss, Hypoperfusion Causing
  • Monocular Transient Visual Loss, Ocular Causes of
  • Monocular Transient Visual Loss, Orbital Causes of
  • Monocular Transient Visual Loss, Stroke After
  • Monocular Transient Visual Loss, Systemic Causes of
  • Monocular Transient, Visual Loss Embolic Causes of
  • Mooren Ulcer
  • Morning Glory Disc
  • Morquio Syndrome
  • Mosaic Degeneration (Anterior Crocodile Shagreen)
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis
  • Mucus Fishing Syndrome
  • Munchausen Syndrome
  • Mustarde Flap
  • Myasthenia Gravis, Overview
  • Mycobacterium chelonae Keratitis
  • Mydriasis Induced Secondary Angle Closure
  • Myopic Chorioretinal Atrophy and Lacquer Cracks
  • N
  • Nanophthalmos
  • Naso-Orbital-Ethmoid Fractures
  • Nd:YSGG Laser, for Intrastromal Photodisruption
  • Necrotizing Fasciitis, of Orbit
  • Necrotizing Keratitis
  • Necrotizing Scleritis
  • Neodymium:YAG Laser
  • Neovascular Glaucoma in Diabetes Mellitus
  • Neovascular Glaucoma in Ocular Ischemia, Others
  • Neovascular Glaucoma in VOR
  • Neovascularization, Retinal
  • Neurofibromas, Discrete
  • Neurotrophic Keratopathy
  • Nevus, Intradermal
  • Nevus, Junctional
  • Night Blindness
  • Nodular Cell Hidradenoma
  • Nodular Hyaline
  • Nodular Oncocytosis
  • Nonarteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy
  • Noninfectious Keratitis with Ulceration
  • Nonnecrotizing Keratitis
  • Nonorganic Visual Loss
  • Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Nonsyphilitic Interstitial Keratitis
  • Nonulcerative Keratitis
  • NPS1
  • Nuclear Fragments
  • Nutritional Amblyopia
  • Nyctalopia: Night Blindness
  • Nystagmus: Overview
  • O
  • Occipital Seizures: Transient Visual Loss
  • Ocular Bobbing
  • Ocular Cicatricial Pemphigoid (OCP)
  • Ocular Hypotony
  • Ocular Lice
  • Ocular Medication Absorption Affected by Viscosity
  • Ocular Melanosis
  • Ocular Motor Apraxia
  • Ocular Prostheses
  • Ocular Surface Staining
  • Oculocephalic Reflex
  • Oculocraniosomatic Neuromuscular Disorder with Ragged Red Fibers
  • Oculodentoosseous Dysplasia
  • Oculoglandular Syndrome, Parinaud
  • Oculomandibulofacial Dyscephaly (Hallermann-Streiff Syndrome)
  • Oculomotor Nerve Palsy
  • Ocusert Delivery System
  • Off-Center Optics
  • Oncocyte
  • Oncocytoma
  • One-and-a-Half Syndrome
  • Onychoosteodysplasia (Nail-Patella Syndrome)
  • Open-Angle Glaucomas
  • Ophthalmic Division of the Trigeminal Nerve
  • Ophthalmic Nerve
  • Ophthalmic Viscosurgical Devices
  • Ophthalmoplegia, Internuclear
  • Optic Atrophy
  • Optic Disc (Optic Nerve Head)
  • Optic Disc in Central Retinal Vein Occlusion
  • Optic Gliomas
  • Optic Nerve (Cranial Nerve II)
  • Optic Nerve Edema
  • Optic Nerve Head Drusen
  • Optic Neuritis
  • Optic Neuritis: Overview
  • Optic Neuropathy: Ischemic, Arteritic
  • Optic Tract
  • Optical Aberrations
  • Optical Coherence Tomography
  • Optokinetic Nystagmus
  • Ora Serrata
  • Orbit, Inflammation of
  • Orbital Apex Syndrome in Neuro-Ophthalmology
  • Orbital Cellulitis
  • Orbital Compartment Syndrome
  • Orbital Floor Fracture
  • Orbital Hemorrhages
  • Orbital Pain
  • Orbitotomy
  • Organic Pigments
  • Oscillopsia
  • Osseous Choristoma
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta, Blue Sclera
  • Other Uveitic Etiologies
  • Oxyphile Cell Adenoma
  • P
  • Pachy (for Short)
  • Pachymetry (Pachometry)
  • Palinopsia
  • Palpebral Conjunctiva
  • Palpebral Vernal Conjunctivitis/Keratoconjunctivitis
  • Pannus/Micropannus
  • Papillae: Overview
  • Papillomas, Conjunctival
  • Papillomas, Eyelid
  • Parabulbar Anesthesia
  • Paranasal Sinuses
  • Parasellar Lesions
  • Parasites
  • Parasitic Infections
  • Parinaud (Dorsal Midbrain) Syndrome
  • Pars Plana Vitrectomy
  • Pars Plana; Pars Plicata
  • Partial Coherence Interferometry
  • Pathologic Myopia
  • Pediatric Glaucoma
  • Pediculosis (Lice), Ocular Infection
  • Pediculosis Palpebrarum
  • Pedigree Analysis, Symbols Used in
  • Peduncular Hallucinosis
  • Pegaptanib
  • Pelli-Robson Chart
  • Pellucid Corneal Marginal Degeneration
  • Pellucid Marginal Degeneration
  • Pemphigoid, Cicatricial
  • Penetrating Eyelid Injuries
  • Penetrating Injuries
  • Perfect Capsule Device
  • Perfluorocarbon
  • Perfluorodecalin (C10F18)
  • Perfluoron
  • Perfluorophenanthrene
  • Perforating Ocular Laceration
  • Peribulbar Anesthesia
  • Periocular Injection of Ocular Drugs
  • Periorbital Cellulitis
  • Peripheral Corneal Guttata (Hassall-Henle Bodies/Warts)
  • Peripheral Hypertrophic Subepithelial Corneal Degeneration
  • Peripheral Keratitis
  • Peripheral Ulcerative Keratitis
  • Persistent Hyaloid Artery
  • Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous
  • Persistent Pupillary Membrane
  • Petrous Apicitis
  • Phacoemulsification and Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lens (IOL) Implantation
  • Phacofragmentation
  • Phacotrabeculectomy
  • Phacoviscocanalostomy
  • Phakic Intraocular Lens
  • Phakic Refractive Lens
  • Pharmacologic Anisocoria
  • Phlycten
  • Phlyctenules
  • Phosphene
  • Photochromic Foldable Intraocular Lens
  • Photodisruption
  • Photokeratoscopy
  • Photomicroscopy, Specular
  • Photoreceptor Cells
  • Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK)
  • Phototherapeutic Keratectomy
  • Phototoxicity
  • Phototransduction Cone/Rod
  • Phthiriasis
  • Phthiriasis Pubis
  • Phthirus Pubis (Crab/Pubic Louse), Ocular Infection
  • Physiologic Anisocoria
  • Piggyback
  • Piggyback Intraocular Lens
  • Pigment Epithelium Detachment
  • Pigment Epithelium, Ciliary Body, and Iris
  • Pigmentary Glaucoma
  • Pigmented Epithelial Lines
  • Pigmented Lesions of the Conjunctiva
  • Pilomatrixoma
  • Pilomatrixomas
  • Pinguecula
  • “Pink Eye”
  • PK
  • Placido Ring
  • Planar Xanthoma
  • Plate-Haptic Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lens
  • Pneumo-Orbitism
  • Polyacrylic IOL
  • Polymorphic Stromal Dystrophy
  • Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy
  • Porosyringoma
  • Port-Wine Stain (Nevus Flammeus)
  • Port-Wine Stain (Nevus Flammeus) in Sturge-Weber Syndrome
  • Poser Criteria, for Multiple Sclerosis
  • Positron Emission Tomography
  • Posner-Schlossman Syndrome
  • Posterior Amorphous Corneal Dystrophy
  • Posterior Capsule Opacification (PCO)
  • Posterior Capsule Rupture
  • Posterior Capsulorhexis
  • Posterior Chamber
  • Posterior Continuous Circular Capsulorhexis (PCCC)
  • Posterior Corneal Mapping
  • Posterior Embryotoxon, Neurocristopathy
  • Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery Syndrome
  • Posterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy
  • Posterior Lenticonus
  • Posterior Optic Buttonholing
  • Posterior Polar Cataract
  • Posterior Polymorphous Corneal Dystrophy
  • Posterior Uveal Bleeding Syndrome (PUBS)
  • Posterior Vitreous Detachment
  • Postherpetic Neuralgia
  • Potential Acuity Meter
  • Precorneal Tear Film
  • Preperiosteal Midface Lift
  • Preretinal Macular Gliosis
  • Presbyopia
  • Presumed Tuberculous Retinal Periphlebitis
  • Primary Acquired Melanosis
  • Primary Angle Closure and Angle Closure Glaucoma
  • Primary Color Vision Deficiency
  • Primary Congenital Glaucoma
  • Primary Endothelial Failure, After Penetrating Keratoplasty
  • Primary Hereditary Systemic Amyloidosis
  • Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma
  • Primary Posterior Capsulorhexis
  • PRK
  • PRL Phakic Intraocular Lens
  • Progressive Pigmentary Retinopathy
  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy
  • Proliferative Retinopathy due to Diabetes
  • Proptosis
  • Prostaglandin Analogues
  • Prosthesis
  • Pseudo Macular Hole
  • Pseudoaccommodation
  • Pseudo-Best (Disease)
  • Pseudoexfoliatio lentis
  • Pseudoexfoliation Syndrome
  • Pseudoexfoliative Glaucoma
  • Pseudoguttatae: Inflammatory Disease
  • Pseudo-Hurler Polydystrophy
  • Pseudomembrane, Conjunctival
  • Pseudoneuritis
  • Pseudopapilledema
  • Pseudopapilledema: Disc Drusen
  • Pseudoproptosis
  • Pseudoptosis
  • Pseudo-Vitelliform (Macular Dystrophy)
  • Psychogenic
  • Pterygium
  • Pulsation, Orbital
  • Punctate Epithelial Defects/Erosions
  • Punctate Inner Choroidopathy
  • Pupil Center
  • Pupil Diameter
  • Pupil Dilation
  • Pupil Dilator
  • Pupil Irregularity Caused by Trauma
  • Pupil Stretch
  • Pupil, Characteristics
  • Pupillary Center
  • Pupillometers
  • Pure Alexia
  • Purtscher's Like Retinopathy
  • Pyogenic Granuloma
  • Q
  • Q-Factor Customized Ablation Profile
  • R
  • Radial Keratotomy
  • Raised Conjunctival Lesions
  • Ranibizumab
  • RAPD (Relative Afferent Pupillary Defect)
  • Ray Tracing
  • Reconstructive Corneal Graft
  • Reconstructive Surgery of Eyelid
  • Recoverin
  • Recurrent Corneal Erosion
  • Red Rock Syndrome
  • Red-Green Color Vision, Defects
  • Reflection Law
  • Reflex Blepharospasm
  • Reflex Tear Arc
  • Refraction Law
  • Refractive Ametropia
  • Refractive Astigmatism
  • Refractive Eye Surgery
  • Refractive Lens Exchange
  • Refractive Surgery
  • Reis-Bücklers Dystrophy
  • Residual Stroma Bed
  • Residual Stroma Thickness
  • Respicort
  • Reticulum Cell Sarcoma (Old)
  • Retina, Structure of
  • Retinae (Retinal Angiomatosis, von Hippel Syndrome/Disease)
  • Retinal Blood Vessels
  • Retinal Break
  • Retinal Cavernous Hemangioma
  • Retinal Concussion
  • Retinal Detachment
  • Retinal Detachment Rhegmatogenous
  • Retinal Hemangioma
  • Retinal Hole
  • Retinal Migraine
  • Retinal Peripheral Degeneration
  • Retinal Pigment Epithelium
  • Retinal/Ocular Migraine
  • Retinitis
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa, Decreased Vision in Neuro-Ophthalmology
  • Retinitis Punctata Albescens
  • Retinoblastoma
  • Retinopathy
  • Retinopathy of Prematurity
  • Retractors, Lower Eyelid
  • Retrobulbar Block
  • Retrobulbar Hemorrhage, Optic Nerve Dysfunction
  • Retrobulbar Optic Neuropathy
  • Retrochiasmal Disorders
  • Retro-Orbicularis Oculi Fat (ROOF)
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma of Orbit
  • Riley-Day Syndrome (Familial Dysautonomia)
  • Ring Sign, in Idiopathic Orbital Inflammation
  • Rod-Cone Dystrophy
  • Rosacea: Overview
  • Rosengren-Doane Tear Pump
  • Rosenmüller, Valve of
  • Rosenthal Syndrome
  • Rotational Flap for Eyelid Repair
  • Ruptured Globe
  • Rust Ring, Iron Foreign Body Causing
  • S
  • Sakurai-Lisch Nodules
  • Salzmann Nodular Degeneration
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Sarcoidosis, Orbit Affected in
  • Sarcoma, Orbital
  • Sattler's Veil (Central Epithelial Edema)
  • Scanning Confocal Microscope
  • Scanning Electron Microscopy
  • Scheimpflug Imaging
  • Schirmer Tests
  • Schlichting Dystrophy
  • Schnyder Crystalline Corneal Dystrophy (SCCD)
  • Schnyder Crystalline Dystrophy Syndrome
  • Schwalbe's Line
  • Scleral Fixation of Intraocular Lens
  • Scleral Patch Graft, Corneal Patch Graft
  • Scleral Tunnel
  • Scleritis
  • Scleritis-Associated Peripheral Keratopathy
  • Sclerocornea
  • Sclerokeratitis
  • Scleromalacia: Overview
  • Scoptopic Pupil Diameter
  • Sealed Capsule Irrigation Device
  • Sebaceous Adenoma
  • Sebaceous Carcinoma of the Eyelid
  • Sebaceous Carcinoma/Adenocarcinoma
  • Sebaceous Cyst
  • Sebaceous Gland Carcinoma
  • Sebaceous Gland Carcinoma: Overview
  • Sebaceous Glands of Eyelid, Tumors Arising in
  • Sebaceous Hyperplasia
  • Sebaceous Hyperplasia of Eyelid
  • Seborrheic Blepharitis
  • Secondary Angle Closure Glaucoma and Uveal Effusion
  • Secondary Angle-Closure Glaucoma
  • Secondary Blepharospasm
  • Secondary Glaucoma in Uveitis
  • Secondary Open-Angle Glaucoma
  • Semicircular Advancement Flap
  • Semicircular Flap for Eyelid Repair
  • Semilunar Ganglion
  • Senile Hyperkeratosis
  • Senile Marginal Atrophy
  • Septal Fat Pannus
  • Serous Detachment of the Sensory Retina
  • Setting Sun Sign
  • Seventh Nerve Palsy
  • Sexually Transmitted Disease
  • Shack-Hartmann Aberrometry
  • Shagreen, Crocodile
  • Shave Biopsy
  • SIA
  • Sickle Cell Anemia
  • Siderosis Bulbi
  • Siderosis: Signs and Symptoms
  • Silicone Intraocular Lens
  • Silicone Intubation
  • Silicone Oil
  • Silicone Oil Tamponade
  • Silicone, Uses in Ophthalmology
  • Simple Anisocoria
  • Simple Rotational Flap
  • Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography
  • Sinuses
  • Sipple-Gorlin Syndrome, Enlarged Corneal Nerves
  • Sixth Nerve Palsies
  • Skew Deviation
  • Skin Peeling Conditions
  • SLK
  • Sloan Letters
  • Snap Test
  • Snapback Test
  • Snellen Acuity
  • Social Disease
  • Solar Keratosis
  • Solid-State Lasers
  • Solodelf
  • Spasm of Accommodation
  • Spasmus Nutans
  • Sphaerularis Elaiodes
  • Sphenoid Bone
  • Spherical Equivalent
  • Spherical Intraocular Lens
  • Spherocylindrical Lenses
  • Spheroidal Degeneration
  • Spherophakia-Brachymorphia Syndrome
  • Spherotoroidal Lens
  • Spiradenoma
  • Spiradenoma, Eccrine
  • Spiral Computed Tomography, in Orbital Evaluation
  • Split Hand
  • Springing Pupil
  • Squamous Cell Cancer (SCC)
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Eyelid
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma, of the Conjunctiva
  • Squamous Cell Papillomas of Eyelid
  • Squamous Dysplasia of Conjunctiva
  • Standing Potential of the Eye
  • Staphylococcal Marginal Disease
  • Staphylococcus
  • Staphylomas, Congenital, Anterior
  • Stargardt Macular Dystrophy
  • Steatoblepharon
  • Steep Central Islands
  • Stem Cells, Limbal, Corneal Epithelium Maintenance
  • Steroids
  • Stevens Johnson Syndrome
  • Stickler Syndrome (Hereditary Progressive Arthro-Ophthalmopathy)
  • Stickler Syndrome Vitreous Type I
  • Stocker-Holt
  • Striate Keratitis
  • Striate Keratopathy, Intraocular Surgery Causing
  • Striate Melanokeratosis
  • Stromal Bed
  • Stromal Degenerations
  • Stromal Dystrophies
  • Stromal Graft Rejection
  • Stromal Keratitis (Herpetic)
  • Stromal Micropuncture, for Recurrent Corneal Erosions
  • Subacute Regional Lymphadenitis
  • Sub-brow Fat Pads
  • Subciliary Incision, for Anterior Orbitotomy
  • Subconjunctival Hemorrhage
  • Subepithelial Corneal Degenerations
  • Subepithelial Graft Rejection
  • Submuscular Fibroadipose Tissue
  • Suborbicularis Fibroadipose Tissue
  • Subperiosteal Orbitotomy
  • Subretinal Fluid
  • Subtenon's Anesthesia
  • Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6)
  • Sunset Eye Sign
  • Superficial Central Primary Degeneration Oleogutta
  • Superficial Granular Corneal Dystrophy
  • Superficial Keratectomy
  • Superior Limbic Keratoconjunctivitis
  • Superior or Inferior Altitudinal Visual Field Defects
  • Superior Orbital Fissure
  • Superior Transverse Ligament
  • Suprasellar Mass Lesions
  • Surface-Wrinkling Maculopathy
  • Surgical Approaches
  • Surgical PION
  • Surgical Spaces, Orbital
  • Surgically Induced Astigmatism
  • Suspicious Pigmented Choroidal Lesions
  • Sutures (Surgical), Quickert, for Involutional Entropion
  • Sweat Glands of Eyelid
  • Sweat Glands of Eyelid, Tumors Arising in
  • Swinging-Light Test, for RAPD Identification
  • Symblepharon
  • Sympathetic Nerves/Pathway, Orbit Supplied by
  • Syphilis: Overview
  • T
  • T1 Image
  • T1 Sequence
  • T1-Weighted Image
  • T2
  • T2 Magnetic Resonance Image (MRI)
  • T2-Weighted Image
  • Tablets
  • Tamsulosin
  • Tangier Disease, Corneal Changes
  • Tarsal Conjunctiva
  • Tarsal Fracture Operation, for Cicatricial Entropion
  • Tarsal Kink
  • Tarsal Muscles, Inferior
  • Tarsal Plates/Tarsus
  • Tarsal Strip Procedure
  • Tarsoconjunctival Graft
  • Tarsorrhaphy
  • Tarsotomy
  • TASS
  • Tay-Sachs Disease (GM2 Gangliosidosis Type I)
  • Tear Breakup Time
  • Tear Film (Tears)
  • Tear Meniscus
  • Tearing (Epiphora)
  • Tearing, Reflex, Absorption of Ocular Medication
  • Tectonic Penetrating Keratoplasty, for Herpetic Keratitis
  • Telecanthus
  • Telorbitism (Hypertelorism)
  • Temporal Artery, Eye Supplied by
  • Temporary Suture Tarsorrhaphy (TST)
  • Tenon's Capsule
  • Tenzel Flaps
  • Teratoid Tumor
  • Teratomas, Orbital
  • Terrien Marginal Degeneration
  • Terson Syndrome Caused by Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
  • Tetrapod Fracture
  • Thermal Cautery
  • Thermal Injury: Overview
  • Thiel-Behnke Dystrophy
  • Third Nerve Palsy
  • Thorazine-Induced Retinal Degeneration
  • Three-Dimensional Computed Tomography, in Orbital Evaluation
  • Thrombophlebitis, of Orbital Vein
  • Thygeson's Superficial Punctate Keratitis
  • Thyroid Associated Orbitopathy (TAO)
  • Thyroid Eye Disease
  • Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy
  • Tight Orbit
  • Tissue Adhesives, Cyanoacrylate, for Anterior Segment
  • Tobacco-Alcohol Amblyopia
  • Tonic Pupil (Adie's Pupil), Pharmacological Testing for
  • Topical Anesthesia in Eye Surgery
  • Topography (Corneal)
  • Toxic Anterior Segment Syndrome
  • Toxic Optic Neuropathy
  • Toxic/Nutritional and Hereditary Optic Neuropathy
  • Trachoma
  • Tractional Retinal Detachment
  • Transcaruncular Route, for Anterior Orbitotomy
  • Transconjunctival Route
  • Transcutaneous Routes
  • Transepithelial Photorefractive Keratectomy
  • Transient Cerebral Blindness
  • Transient Light-Sensitivity Syndrome
  • Transient Monocular Visual Loss
  • Transient Obscurations of Vision
  • Transplantation
  • Transplantation, Amniotic Membrane
  • Transposition Flaps, for Lateral Canthal Defects
  • Transseptal Route, for Anterior Orbitotomy
  • Transverse (Lateral) Sinus Thrombosis
  • Transverse Keratotomy
  • Transverse Tarsotomy Procedure
  • Trapezoidal Keratotomy
  • Trauma, Canalicular
  • Trauma, Lacrimal Sac and Nasolacrimal Duct
  • Traumatic Aniridia
  • Traumatic Glaucoma
  • Traumatic Retinopathy
  • Treacher Collins-Franceschetti Syndrome (Mandibulofacial Dysostosis)
  • Treatment for Lid Retraction
  • Trichiasis
  • Trichilemmoma
  • Trichinella spiralis Trichinosis, Orbital Infection Caused by
  • Trichoepithelioma
  • Trichofolliculoma
  • Trigeminal Ganglion
  • Trigeminal Ganglion (Gasserian/Semilunar Ganglion)
  • Trimalar Fracture
  • Trochlear Nerve
  • Trypan Blue
  • Tumors of Eccrine Origin
  • Tunneling
  • TVOs
  • Type-II Vascular Malformation
  • U
  • Ulcerative Keratitis
  • Ulcerative Keratitis Disease
  • Ulcerative Keratopathy, Toxic
  • Ulcers
  • Ultrafast Laser
  • Ultrasonic Pachymetry
  • Ultrasonography, in Orbital Evaluation
  • Ultrasound Pachymetry
  • Upper Lid Loading
  • Upper Lid Retraction
  • Usher Syndrome
  • Uvea (Uveal Tract)
  • Uveal Melanoma
  • Uveitic Glaucoma
  • Uveitis in Multiple Sclerosis
  • Uveoparotid Fever
  • V
  • V1 (Ophthalmic Nerve)
  • V2 (Maxillary Nerve)
  • V3 (Mandibular Nerve)
  • Valve of Hanske
  • Varices, Orbital
  • Vascular Nevus
  • Vascular System of Orbit
  • Vascular Tumors Disease of the Conjunctiva
  • Venereal Disease
  • Venography, in Orbital Evaluation
  • Verisyse Iris-Supported Phakic Intraocular Lens
  • Vernal Conjunctivitis/Keratoconjunctivitis
  • Verruca
  • Verruca Vulgaris
  • Vertebrobasilar Atherothrombotic Disease (VBATD)
  • Vertex Keratopathy
  • Vertical Eyelid Splitting, for Anterior Orbitotomy
  • Vertical Gaze Palsy
  • VHL
  • VHL Syndrome
  • Viral Keratitis with Ulceration
  • Viscoelastic Agents
  • Visual Agnosia
  • Visual Form Agnosia
  • Visual Perseveration
  • Visual Release Phenomena
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitelliform Macular Dystrophy
  • Vitiliginous Chorioretinitis (No Longer Used)
  • Vitrectomy
  • Vitreolysis, Enzymatic
  • Vitreous Base Avulsion, “Bucket-Handle Sign”
  • Vitreous Humor
  • Vitreous Substitute
  • VKC
  • Vogt Lines, Keratoconus
  • Vogt's Crocodile Shagreen Dystrophy
  • Voluntary Gaze Paresis
  • Von Hippel-Lindau Disease, VHL
  • Vortex (Hurricane) Keratopathy
  • W
  • Wallenberg Syndrome
  • Watershed Zone of the Choroid
  • Wave Front Analysis
  • Wavefront Measurement
  • Wavefront-Guided Laser In Situ Keratomileusis
  • Wavefront-Guided Laser Refractive Surgery
  • Wavefront-Optimized Ablation Profile
  • WEBINO
  • WEBINO (“Wall-Eyed” Bilateral Internuclear Ophthalmoplegia) Syndrome
  • Wegener Granulomatosis
  • Weill-Marchesani Syndrome
  • Welders Maculopathy
  • White-to-White Distance
  • Wies Procedure
  • Wies Repair
  • Wilbrand Knee
  • Wilson Disease
  • Wound Healing
  • X
  • Xanthelasma Palpebrarum
  • Xanthelasma, Dyslipoproteinemia
  • Xanthomas
  • Xeroderma Pigmentosum
  • Xerophthalmia
  • Xerosis
  • X-Linked Megalocornea
  • Y
  • Y-V-Plasty for Blepharophimosis Syndrome
  • Z
  • Zeis Gland Cyst
  • Zernike Coefficients
  • Z-Plasties
  • Zygomatic Bone
  • Zygomatic-Maxillary Complex Fractures
  • Zygomaticofacial Canal
  • Zygomaticotemporal Canal