The Oxford Companion to Sugar and Sweets

Editor: Goldstein, Darra
Publication Year: 2015
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Inc.

Price: Core Collection Only
ISBN: 978-0-19-931339-6
Category: Food, Drink, Nutrition
Image Count: 156
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

Most comprehensive reference work on the idea of the sweet ever published, with entries on all aspects of sweetness, including chemical, technical, social, cultural, and linguistic.

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Table of Contents

  • Foreword
  • Introduction
  • Topical Outline of Entries
  • The Oxford Companion to Sugar and Sweets
  • A
  • à la mode
  • addiction,
  • adulteration
  • advertising, American
  • agave nectar (or syrup)
  • akutuq
  • Alkermes, confection of,
  • ambergris
  • ambrosia
  • American Sugar Refining Company
  • ammonia
  • ancient world
  • angel food cake,
  • angelica
  • animal crackers
  • animals and sweetness
  • anthropomorphic and zoomorphic sweets
  • aphrodisiacs
  • Appalachian stack cake
  • aroma
  • art
  • artificial sweeteners
  • Athenaeus,
  • Aunt Jemima
  • Australia and New Zealand,
  • Austria-Hungary,
  • azuki beans
  • B
  • baba au rhum
  • Baghdad,
  • Baked Alaska
  • Baker's
  • baker's dozen,
  • baklava
  • banqueting houses
  • bar cookies
  • barfi (also spelled burfi),
  • barley sugar
  • Baskin-Robbins,
  • Baumkuchen
  • Bavarian cream
  • bean paste sweets
  • Beeton, Isabella (1836–1865)
  • beignets
  • Belgium,
  • Ben & Jerry's
  • benne seed wafers,
  • betty
  • Betty Crocker
  • biofuel,
  • bird's milk
  • birth
  • birthday cake
  • biscotti
  • biscuit de Savoie
  • biscuits, British,
  • black and white cookies,
  • black bun
  • Black Forest cake, or Schwarzwälder Kirschtorte,
  • blancmange
  • blown sugar
  • boardwalks
  • boiled sweets
  • bombe
  • bonbons,
  • Boston cream pie
  • The Boston Molasses Disaster
  • Brazil
  • breads, sweet,
  • breakfast cereal
  • brittle
  • Brix (or °Brix or °Bx)
  • brownies,
  • bubble gum
  • bubble tea
  • bûche de Noël,
  • buchty,
  • buckle
  • Budapest
  • Buddhism
  • buñuelo
  • burnt sugar
  • butter
  • buttercream
  • buttermilk
  • butterscotch
  • C
  • cacao
  • Cadbury
  • café
  • cake
  • cake and confectionery stands
  • cake decorating,
  • cake mix
  • Canada,
  • candied flowers
  • candied fruit
  • candy,
  • candy bar,
  • candy canes
  • candy corn
  • candy dishes,
  • candy hearts
  • Candy Land,
  • candy packaging
  • cane syrup
  • cannelé,
  • cannoli,
  • caramels
  • cardamom
  • Carême, Marie-Antoine (1783/4–1833),
  • Carnival
  • cassata
  • cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz),
  • caster sugar
  • castoreum
  • cavities
  • celebration cakes
  • charlotte
  • Chase, Oliver (1821–1902)
  • cheese, fresh,
  • cheesecake,
  • chemical leaveners
  • chess pie
  • chestnuts,
  • chewing gum
  • chiffon cake
  • chiffon pie
  • child labor
  • children's candy
  • children's literature
  • chimney cake
  • China.
  • Chinese New Year,
  • chocolate, luxury,
  • chocolate, post-Columbian,
  • chocolate, pre-Columbian,
  • chocolate, single origin,
  • chocolate pots and cups
  • chocolates, boxed,
  • chocolates, filled,
  • Christianity
  • Christmas
  • churros
  • cinnamon
  • clafoutis
  • cobbler
  • cocoa
  • coconut,
  • coffee
  • coffee cake,
  • colonialism
  • comfit
  • competitions
  • conching
  • confection
  • confectionery equipment,
  • confectionery manuals
  • confetti
  • convent sweets
  • cookie cutters
  • cookie jars
  • cookie molds and stamps
  • cookies
  • cooking irons
  • Cool Whip
  • cordials
  • corn syrup,
  • cornstarch
  • cosmetics, sugar in,
  • cotton candy,
  • court confectioners
  • Cracker Jack,
  • cream
  • cream pie
  • cream puff
  • crema catalana
  • crème anglaise
  • crème brûlée
  • crème caramel
  • crêpes
  • crescent
  • Crisco
  • crisp
  • croissant,
  • croquembouche
  • crostata
  • cupcakes
  • custard
  • D
  • dacquoise
  • dairy
  • Dairy Queen,
  • dango
  • Danish pastry
  • dariole
  • dates
  • Day of the Dead,
  • dental caries,
  • dessert,
  • dessert design
  • desserts, chilled
  • desserts, flambéed,
  • desserts, frozen,
  • dextrose
  • diabetes
  • Diwali
  • Dobos torte,
  • Dolly Varden cake,
  • doughnuts
  • dragées
  • dried fruit
  • drop cookies
  • dulce de leche,
  • dumplings,
  • Dunkin’ Donuts
  • E
  • East Asia
  • Easter
  • éclair
  • egg drinks
  • egg yolk sweets,
  • eggs
  • Emy, M.,
  • entremets
  • epergnes
  • Epiphany
  • Escoffier, Georges Auguste (1846–1935),
  • Eskimo Pie,
  • Eton Mess
  • evaporated milk
  • extracts and flavorings
  • extreme candy
  • F
  • fairs
  • fantasy
  • Farmer, Fannie (1857–1915),
  • fermentation
  • festivals,
  • Fig Newtons,
  • filo
  • financier
  • fios de ovos
  • flan (pudím)
  • flan (tart)
  • floating island
  • Florentines
  • flour
  • flower waters,
  • fondant
  • food colorings
  • fools
  • fortified wine
  • fortune cookie
  • Fourier, Charles (1772–1837),
  • France
  • frangipane
  • fried dough
  • Frisbie pie tins,
  • fritters,
  • frosting
  • fructose,
  • fruit
  • fruit desserts, baked,
  • fruit leather
  • fruit pastes
  • fruit preserves
  • fruitcake
  • Fry's
  • fudge
  • funerals,
  • funnel cake
  • G
  • gag candy
  • galette
  • gastris,
  • gelatin,
  • gelatin desserts,
  • gelt,
  • gender
  • génoise
  • Germany
  • Ghirardelli,
  • Gilliers, Joseph (d. 1758)
  • ginger
  • gingerbread
  • glacéed fruit
  • glaze
  • glucose
  • Godiva
  • golden syrup
  • The Good Humor Man,
  • granita
  • grape must
  • Greece and Cyprus,
  • Gugelhupf
  • guilds
  • Guittard
  • gulab jamun
  • gumball machines,
  • gummies
  • gummy bears
  • Guriev kasha,
  • H
  • Häagen-Dazs
  • Halloween
  • halvah
  • hamantaschen
  • hand pie
  • Hanukkah,
  • hard candy
  • Haribo,
  • Havemeyer, Henry Osborne (1847–1907),
  • Hermé, Pierre (1961–),
  • Hershey, Milton S. (1857–1945),
  • Hershey's,
  • Hinduism,
  • Hines, Duncan (1880–1959),
  • hippocras,
  • holiday sweets
  • honey,
  • honeymoon
  • horchata,
  • Hostess
  • Huguenot torte,
  • I
  • ice cream,
  • ice cream cones
  • ice cream makers
  • ice cream socials
  • icebox cake,
  • icing
  • Imperial Sugar Company,
  • India
  • insects,
  • Iran
  • Islam,
  • isomalt
  • Istanbul
  • Italian ice
  • Italy
  • J
  • jaggery
  • jalebi
  • jam
  • Japan
  • Japanese baked goods
  • Jarrin, William Alexis (1785–1848),
  • jelly
  • jelly beans,
  • jimmies
  • Jordan almonds
  • Judaism,
  • jujube
  • junket
  • K
  • King Cake
  • kisses,
  • Kolkata
  • kombucha
  • Kool-Aid,
  • Korea
  • Krispy Kreme
  • kuchen
  • Kugelhupf
  • kulfi
  • Kyoto,
  • L
  • laddu (also spelled laddoo),
  • ladyfingers
  • laminated doughs
  • Latin America
  • Latini, Antonio (1642–1692),
  • lauzinaj
  • layer cake
  • lead, sugar of,
  • leaf, gold and silver,
  • Lebkuchen
  • ledikeni
  • legislation, historical,
  • Leibniz Keks,
  • lemonade,
  • Lenôtre, Gaston (1920–2009),
  • licorice,
  • Life Savers
  • Lindt, Rodolphe (1855–1909),
  • Linzer Torte,
  • liqueurs,
  • literature,
  • Little Debbie,
  • Loft Candy Company
  • lokum
  • lollipops
  • loukoumades
  • lozenge,
  • M
  • M&M's,
  • macarons
  • madeleine
  • Maghreb
  • Maillard, Henri (1816–1900),
  • malt syrup
  • manioc
  • manjū,
  • manna
  • maple sugaring
  • maple syrup
  • marmalade
  • Mars,
  • Marshall, Agnes Bertha (1855–1905),
  • Marshmallow Fluff
  • marshmallows
  • marzipan
  • mastic
  • mead,
  • measurement
  • Médici, Catherine de (1519–1589),
  • medicinal uses of sugar
  • Mehlspeise,
  • meringue
  • Mexico
  • The Middle East—
  • The Midwest (U.S.)
  • mignardise,
  • military
  • milk
  • milkshakes
  • Milky Way
  • mince pies,
  • miracle berry
  • mithai,
  • mochi,
  • modaka,
  • molasses
  • molds, jelly and ice cream,
  • mooncake
  • MoonPies
  • Morocco
  • mostarda
  • mousse
  • mud pie,
  • muffins
  • mulled wine,
  • munchies,
  • N
  • Nanaimo bar
  • nanbangashi,
  • Napoleon
  • Native American
  • Necco
  • Nestlé,
  • The Netherlands,
  • neuroscience,
  • New England (U.S.)
  • New Orleans,
  • New York City's
  • New Zealand
  • Niederegger,
  • Nobin Chandra Das (ca. 1846–1925)
  • nonpareils
  • North Africa,
  • Nostradamus (1503–1566),
  • nougat
  • Nutella
  • nutmeg
  • nuts
  • O
  • Oetker
  • olfaction,
  • Orange Julius
  • Oreos,
  • P
  • The Pacific Northwest (U.S.)
  • palm sugar
  • pan di spagna
  • pancakes
  • pandanus,
  • pandowdy
  • panning
  • pans
  • Paris,
  • Passover,
  • pastel de nata
  • pastila
  • pastillage
  • pastry, choux, or cream puff pastry,
  • pastry, puff,
  • A pastry chef
  • pastry schools
  • pastry tools,
  • pavlova,
  • payasam
  • Peeps,
  • pekmez
  • pennets
  • The Pennsylvania Dutch
  • penny candy
  • Persia,
  • Perugina
  • Peter, Daniel (1836–1919),
  • petit four
  • PEZ
  • pharmacology,
  • Philadelphia
  • The Philippines
  • pica
  • pie,
  • pie dough,
  • pièces montées
  • piloncillo
  • piñatas,
  • Pitts, ZaSu (1894–1963),
  • placenta
  • plantations, sugar,
  • Plat, Sir Hugh (1552–1608),
  • plated desserts
  • The politics of sugar
  • Pop Rocks
  • Pop-Tarts,
  • popping sugar
  • poppy seed
  • Popsicle
  • Portugal,
  • Portugal's influence in Asia
  • pound cake
  • praline,
  • preserves
  • pressed cookies
  • Priapus
  • profiterole
  • proverbs
  • psychoanalysis
  • publications, trade,
  • pudding,
  • pulled sugar
  • punch,
  • Q
  • qatṭā’if
  • R
  • race
  • Ramadan
  • Reese's Pieces,
  • refrigeration
  • religion
  • Rigó Jancsi,
  • rock
  • rolled cookies
  • Rombauer, Irma Starkloff (1877–1962),
  • Rosh Hashanah
  • rosogolla,
  • rugelach
  • rum,
  • Russia
  • S
  • sablé
  • saccharimeter
  • saccharine
  • Sachertorte,
  • salon de thé
  • salt,
  • sandesh
  • sanguinaccio
  • sap
  • Sara Lee,
  • sartorial sweets
  • sauce
  • Scandinavia
  • semifreddo
  • servers, ice cream,
  • servers, sugar,
  • serving pieces
  • sexual innuendo
  • sfogliatelle
  • shape,
  • shave ice
  • sherbet
  • sherbet powder
  • shortbread,
  • shortcake
  • shortening
  • sitophilia
  • slang
  • slavery
  • slump
  • small cakes
  • s'mores
  • soda
  • The soda fountain,
  • sonker
  • sorbet
  • sorbitol
  • sorghum syrup
  • soufflé
  • sound
  • soup
  • sour cream
  • The South (U.S.)
  • South Asia
  • Southeast Asia,
  • The Southwest
  • Spain
  • The Spanish-American War (1898)
  • speculaas
  • spices
  • spirituality,
  • sponge cake,
  • spoon sweet
  • sports nicknames
  • springerle
  • sprinkles,
  • spun sugar
  • Sri Ramakrishna
  • stages of sugar syrup
  • starch
  • state desserts
  • stevia
  • sticky rice sweets,
  • sticky toffee pudding
  • Stohrer, Nicolas (1706–ca. 1781),
  • stollen
  • street food, ancient.
  • streusel
  • strudel
  • sub-Saharan Africa
  • Sucanat,
  • sucket fork
  • suckets
  • sucrose
  • sugar,
  • sugar, biochemistry of.
  • sugar, unusual uses of,
  • sugar and health
  • sugar barons
  • sugar beet
  • The Sugar Bowl
  • sugar cubes
  • sugar in experimental cuisine
  • sugar lobbies,
  • sugar painting
  • sugar rationing
  • sugar refineries
  • sugar refining
  • sugar riots
  • sugar sculpture,
  • sugar trade,
  • Sugar Trust
  • sugarcane
  • sugarcane agriculture
  • sugarplums,
  • sugars, unrefined
  • summer pudding
  • A sundae
  • Swedish Fish
  • sweet and sour
  • sweet meals,
  • sweet wine
  • sweetened condensed milk
  • sweetness preference
  • sweets in human evolution
  • sweetshop
  • Switzerland
  • syllabub
  • symbolic meanings
  • T
  • taffy
  • tapioca
  • tart
  • tarte Tatin
  • Tate & Lyle
  • tea
  • temple sweets
  • Thailand,
  • tiramisù
  • toffee,
  • Tootsie Roll
  • torrone
  • torte,
  • tragacanth
  • treacle
  • tres leches cake
  • trifle
  • trompe l'oeil
  • truffles,
  • Turkey
  • turnovers
  • tutti frutti
  • Twelfth Night cakes
  • Twinkies,
  • U
  • The United Kingdom
  • The United States
  • upside-down cake
  • V
  • vacherin
  • Valentine's Day,
  • Valrhona
  • van Houten, Coenraad Johannes (1801–1887),
  • vanilla,
  • varenyky
  • vegetables and herbs,
  • Venice,
  • verrine
  • Vienna,
  • vinarterta
  • The Vipeholm experiment
  • vision,
  • W
  • wafers
  • wagashi,
  • wasanbon
  • Weber, Johannes Martin Erich (1885–1961),
  • wedding celebrations
  • wedding cake
  • The West (U.S.),
  • wheat berries
  • whisks and beaters
  • whoopie pie
  • Winnie-the-Pooh,
  • X
  • xylitol
  • Y
  • yeast
  • yogurt
  • Z
  • zabaglione
  • zalabiya
  • zeppole
  • zuppa inglese,
  • Appendixes
  • APPENDIX Films
  • APPENDIX Songs
  • APPENDIX Pastry Shops
  • APPENDIX Museums
  • Directory of Contributors