The Oxford Companion to Food

Editor: Jaine, Tom
Publication Year: 2014
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Inc.

Price: Core Collection Only
ISBN: 978-0-19-967733-7
Category: Food, Drink, Nutrition
Image Count: 190
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

Thousands of entries provide coverage on every possible food, its history, cultural significance, and culinary usage.

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Table of Contents

  • Alan Davidson: A Tribute
  • Preface to the Third Edition
  • Preface to the Second Edition
  • Acknowledgements for the Second Edition
  • Introduction
  • Contributors
  • Notes on Using this Companion
  • The Oxford Companion to Food A–Z
  • A
  • aardvark
  • abalone
  • abalone mushroom
  • Aberdeen angus
  • Aberdeen rowies
  • Abernethy biscuits
  • acacia and wattle
  • acai
  • Accum Friedrich Christian (1769–1838)
  • acerola
  • acetic acid
  • achar (also acar, achard)
  • achocha
  • acid/alkali balance
  • acidophilus milk
  • acids
  • acitrón
  • acorns
  • Acton Eliza (1799–1859)
  • additives
  • adlay
  • adobo
  • adulteration
  • advieh
  • adzuki bean
  • aemono
  • afghan
  • Afghanistan
  • African pear
  • afternoon tea
  • agami
  • agar-agar
  • agaric
  • agar wood
  • agave
  • agemono
  • agneau pascal
  • agnolotti
  • agouti
  • agriculture and food
  • agrodolce
  • ahuautli
  • aigre-doux
  • aïoli
  • aji-no-moto
  • ajmud
  • ajo blanco
  • ajowan
  • akebia
  • akee (or ackee)
  • à la
  • albacore
  • Albania
  • albatross
  • albumen
  • alcohol
  • alegar
  • alexanders
  • alfalfa
  • alfonsino
  • Algeria
  • alginates
  • aligote
  • alkali
  • alkanna
  • alla
  • allemande sauce
  • allgood
  • alligator
  • allioli
  • allspice
  • almond
  • almondette
  • altitude
  • aluminium
  • amanita
  • amaranth
  • amaretti
  • amasi
  • ambarella
  • ambergris
  • amberjack
  • ambigu
  • ambrosia
  • amchur
  • amelou
  • American cheeses
  • American cookbooks
  • American cookery
  • American oyster
  • amino acids
  • ampalaya
  • amra/imra
  • anardana
  • anchovy
  • andouille and andouillette
  • angel fish
  • angel food cake
  • angelica
  • angel's hair
  • angel shark
  • angler-fish
  • Anglo-Indian cookery
  • Anglo-Saxon food
  • Angola and Mozambique
  • anguilles au vert
  • anise (or aniseed)
  • aniseed balls
  • anjan
  • annatto
  • anorexia nervosa
  • Antarctica
  • anteaters
  • antelope
  • anthropology and food
  • antipasto
  • ants
  • anzac biscuit
  • aoudad
  • aphrodisiacs
  • Apicius
  • appa(m)
  • Appenzell (or Appenzeller)
  • Appert Nicolas (1749–1841)
  • appetite
  • apple
  • applejack
  • apricot
  • apricot jelly fungus
  • aquaculture
  • Arab cuisine
  • Arabian food
  • arabic gum
  • Arbroath smokie
  • arbutus
  • archaeology of food
  • Archestratus
  • archil
  • Arctic cookery
  • areca palm
  • arepa
  • argan oil
  • Argentina
  • arhar
  • ark-shell
  • armadillo
  • Armenia
  • aroma
  • arracacha
  • arrowhead (or arrowleaf)
  • arrowroot
  • arroz fermentado
  • art, food in
  • artichoke
  • arugula
  • arum
  • asafoetida
  • asari
  • ash
  • Ashanti pepper
  • ashcake
  • ash-keys
  • asiago
  • Asian restaurants
  • asparagus
  • asparagus pea
  • asphodel
  • aspic
  • aşure
  • atemoya
  • Athenaeus
  • Atkins diet
  • atole (or atolli)
  • aubergine
  • au bleu
  • aurochs
  • Australasian ‘salmon’
  • Australia
  • Australian peach
  • Austria
  • autoclave
  • autolysis
  • avgolémono
  • Avicenna
  • avocado (or avocado pear)
  • awo-nori
  • axayacatl
  • ayran (also eyran, airan)
  • azarole (or azerole)
  • Azerbaijan
  • Aztec food
  • azuki beans
  • B
  • baba
  • babaco
  • baba ghanoush
  • babassa oil
  • babka
  • Babylonian cookery
  • bacalao
  • bacon
  • bacteria
  • badger
  • bael
  • bagel
  • baguette
  • Bahian cuisine
  • bailer shell
  • baked Alaska
  • baked beans
  • Bakewell tart (or Bakewell pudding)
  • baking
  • baking powder
  • baking soda
  • baklava
  • baldpate
  • Balearic Islands
  • Balkan food and cookery
  • ballottine
  • balm
  • balouza
  • balsam
  • balsam apple and pear
  • balsamella
  • balsamic vinegar
  • Balti
  • balut
  • bamboo
  • bamboo fungus
  • banana
  • banana flower
  • banana leaf
  • Banbury cakes
  • Bangladesh
  • banketbakkerij
  • bannock
  • banoffi pie (banoffee pie)
  • banquet
  • banteng
  • baobab
  • baozi
  • bap
  • bara brith
  • barb
  • Barbados cherry
  • Barbados gooseberry
  • barbary pear
  • barbecue
  • barbel
  • barberry
  • Barcelona nut
  • bar clam
  • bard
  • barfi
  • barking deer
  • bar-le-duc
  • barley
  • barley breads
  • barley sugar
  • barm
  • barm brack (or barn brack)
  • barnacle
  • barracouta
  • barracuda
  • barramundi
  • basal metabolic rate
  • basbousa
  • basella (or Ceylon spinach, also called vine spinach or Malabar nightshade, Basella rubra)
  • basil
  • basoondi
  • Basque gastronomic societies or txokos,
  • bass
  • basting
  • batalia pie
  • batavia
  • batfish
  • Bath chap
  • Bath cheese
  • Bath oliver
  • bats
  • Battenberg cake
  • batter
  • bauhinia
  • Baumé scale
  • Bavarian cream
  • bavarois or bavaroise
  • bavette
  • bawd bree
  • bay leaf
  • beach plum
  • bean
  • bean clam/shell
  • bean curd
  • bean paste or sauce
  • bean sprouts
  • bear
  • bearberry
  • Beard James Andrew (1903–85)
  • béarnaise sauce
  • beaten biscuits
  • Beaufort
  • beaver
  • beccafico
  • béchamel
  • Bedfordshire clanger
  • Bedouin food
  • bedstraw
  • beech nut
  • beef
  • beefeater
  • beef olives
  • beefsteak fungus (also called ox-tongue fungus)
  • beer
  • beestings
  • beet
  • Beeton Isabella (1836–65)
  • beetroot
  • beignet
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • belimbing asam
  • belle-Hélène
  • belleric
  • bellflower root
  • bell pepper
  • Bel Paese
  • Bengal sweets
  • Benin
  • Benin pepper
  • benni seed
  • beno
  • bento
  • berberis
  • bercy, sauce
  • bere meal
  • bergamot
  • bergamot orange
  • berlingot
  • berry
  • Berwick cockles
  • besan flour
  • bestilla
  • betel nut
  • Betty (or Brown Betty)
  • bhaji(a)
  • bibingka
  • bicarbonate of soda
  • biffin
  • biga
  • bigarade
  • big-eye
  • bighorn
  • bignay
  • bigos
  • biko
  • bilberry
  • bilimbi
  • billfish
  • biltong
  • Bindenfleisch
  • birch sugar
  • bird pepper
  • Birdseye Clarence Robert (1886–1956)
  • bird's nest
  • biriani
  • biriba
  • Birnbrot
  • biscotte
  • biscuit
  • biscuit varieties
  • bishop's weed
  • bison
  • bisque
  • bistort
  • bistro
  • bitter berries
  • bitter cucumber
  • bitter gourd (or bitter cucumber)
  • bitter herbs
  • bitterleaf
  • bittern
  • bivalves
  • blaa (originally blaad, also spelled blah and bla)
  • blacang (also spelled blachan),
  • black beans
  • black-berried nightshade
  • blackberry
  • blackbird
  • black bread
  • blackbuck
  • black bun
  • black caraway
  • blackcock
  • black cumin
  • black-eyed bean or pea
  • Black Forest gateau
  • black grouse
  • black pepper
  • black pudding
  • blackstrap
  • blaeberry
  • blanch
  • blancmange
  • bland
  • blanquette
  • bleak
  • bleu
  • blewit
  • blini
  • bloater
  • blood
  • blood sausages
  • bloody clam
  • bloomer
  • blowfish (or pufferfish),
  • blueberry
  • blue cheeses
  • blue crab
  • bluefish
  • blue-mouth
  • blue vinney (or vinny)
  • blusher
  • boar
  • bobolink (sometimes spelled bobalink),
  • bobotie
  • bobwhite
  • bocadilla
  • Bockwurst
  • bodi bean
  • bog-butter
  • bog myrtle (or sweet gale)
  • boil
  • boiled sweets
  • bois de Panama
  • bolete (or boletus)
  • Bolivia
  • bollito misto
  • Bolognese sauce
  • bolon
  • Bombay duck
  • bombe
  • bonavist(a) bean
  • bonbon
  • bone
  • bonefish
  • bone marrow
  • boniato
  • bonito
  • bonnag
  • borage
  • bordelaise sauce
  • börek
  • borlotti bean
  • borshch
  • Bosnia-Herzegovina
  • Boston baked beans
  • Boston (brown) bread
  • bottle gourd
  • bottling
  • botulism
  • bouchée
  • boudin
  • boudin blanc
  • boudoir biscuits
  • bouffi
  • bouillabaisse
  • bouillon
  • boulanee
  • bouquet garni
  • bourbon
  • bourride
  • Boursin
  • boutargue
  • Bovril
  • box
  • boxty
  • boysenberry
  • boza
  • brack
  • bracken
  • bracket fungi
  • Bradley Martha
  • Bradley Richard
  • brains
  • braise
  • bramble
  • bran
  • brandade
  • brandy snaps
  • brasserie
  • brassica
  • Bratwurst
  • brawn
  • Brazil
  • Brazil nuts
  • bread
  • breadcrumbs
  • breadfruit
  • breadnuts
  • bread ovens
  • bread puddings
  • bread sauce
  • breakfast
  • breakfast cereals
  • bream
  • brèdes
  • Bremener Osterklaben
  • bresaola
  • Brési
  • brewis
  • brick cheese
  • Brie
  • brill
  • Brillat-Savarin Jean Anthelme (1755–1826)
  • brine
  • brinjal
  • brioche
  • briq (brik) à l’œuf
  • brisket
  • brisling
  • brittle
  • broa
  • broad bean
  • broccoli
  • broil
  • brooklime
  • brose
  • broth
  • brownies
  • browning
  • brown sauce (bottled)
  • brown sauces
  • brunch
  • Brunei
  • bruschetta
  • brush turkey
  • Brussels sprouts
  • BSE
  • bubble and squeak
  • bûche de Nöel
  • buck
  • buckling
  • buckwheat
  • Buddha's hand
  • Buddhism and food
  • buffalo
  • buffaloberry
  • buffalo-fish
  • buffet
  • bug
  • bulbs
  • bulgar/bulgur
  • Bulgaria
  • bulimia
  • bullace
  • bullock's heart
  • bullseye
  • bulrush
  • bummalow
  • bun
  • bunchberry
  • Bündnerfleisch (sometimes known as Bindenfleisch)
  • bunting
  • buran
  • burbot
  • burdock
  • burghul
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burma
  • burnet
  • burnt cream
  • burrini
  • Burundi
  • Buryat food
  • bush butter (tree),
  • bushmeat
  • bushpig
  • bustard
  • butter
  • butter bean
  • buttercup squash
  • buttered eggs
  • butterfish
  • butterfly fish
  • butterfly pea (also called anjan or anchan)
  • butterie (rowie)
  • buttermilk
  • butter nut
  • butternut squash
  • butterpit
  • butterscotch
  • butty
  • Byzantine cookery
  • C
  • cabbage
  • cabbage palm
  • cabinet pudding
  • caboc
  • cacao
  • cacciatora
  • cachou
  • caciocavallo
  • caciotta
  • cacti
  • cactus pear
  • Caerphilly
  • Caesar salad
  • Caesar's mushroom
  • café
  • cainito
  • Cajun food
  • cake
  • cake-making
  • calabash
  • calabaza
  • calabrese
  • calamansi (or kalamansi or calamondin/kalamondin)
  • calamint
  • calamondin
  • calathea
  • calcium
  • calf
  • California roll
  • calipash
  • calipee
  • calissons
  • callaloo (or calalú, calulu, caruru, etc.)
  • calmar
  • calories
  • calsones
  • caltrop
  • calumpang nut
  • calzone
  • camas
  • Cambodia
  • Cambridge cheese
  • cambuca
  • cambuci
  • camel
  • Camembert
  • Cameroon
  • camomile
  • campylobacter
  • Canada
  • canapé
  • Canary Islands
  • candied chestnuts
  • candied fruit
  • candied violets
  • candlenut
  • candy
  • candyfloss
  • cane rat
  • cane sugar
  • canistel
  • cannellini beans
  • cannelloni
  • cannibalism
  • canning
  • Canning, Lady
  • cannolo (or cannoli, the plural form more familiar in N. America)
  • Canola oil
  • Cantal
  • cantharides
  • canvasback
  • Cape gooseberry
  • capelin
  • capelli d'angelo capellini
  • caper
  • capercaillie (sometimes given as capercailzie)
  • capillaire
  • capirotada (also capirottata and other variant spellings),
  • capitaine
  • capon
  • capsicum
  • captain's biscuit
  • capulin
  • capybara
  • carambola
  • caramel
  • caraway
  • carbohydrates
  • carbonade and carbonado
  • cardamom
  • cardinal
  • cardoon
  • Carême Antonin (1783–1833)
  • Caribbean
  • caribou
  • carissa and karanda
  • carling
  • carnival foods
  • carob
  • carom seeds
  • carp
  • carpet-shell
  • carrageen
  • carré
  • carré d'agneau
  • carrot
  • casein
  • cashew
  • cassabanana
  • cassareep
  • cassata
  • cassava
  • casserole
  • cassia
  • cassoulet
  • Catalan cookery
  • catalogna
  • cataplana
  • catawissa
  • catchup
  • catechu
  • caterpillar
  • catfish
  • catfish eel
  • cats
  • catsup
  • cat-tail
  • cattle
  • caudle
  • caul
  • cauliflower
  • cauliflower fungus (or cauliflower mushroom),
  • Cavalcanti Ippolito (Duke of Buonvicino) (1787–1859)
  • caviar
  • cavolo nero
  • cavy
  • cawl
  • cayenne pepper
  • celeriac
  • celery
  • cellulose
  • cendré
  • Central Africa
  • Central African Republic
  • Central America
  • Central Asian Republics
  • cep
  • cephalopods
  • cereals
  • ceriman
  • cervelas and cervelat
  • cervelat
  • Cervio Vincenzo (c.1510–c.1580)
  • ceviche
  • Ceylon
  • Ceylon spinach
  • Chad
  • chafing dish cookery
  • challah (or challa or chollah)
  • champ
  • champedak
  • champignon
  • chanal
  • chañar
  • channa
  • chanterelle
  • chantilly
  • chapati
  • chapote
  • char (also known as Arctic char, and sometimes spelled charr, which purists prefer as the original version)
  • charcoal biscuit
  • charcuterie
  • chard
  • chard cabbage
  • charlock
  • charlotte
  • charqui
  • chartreuse
  • chateaubriand
  • chaud-froid
  • chaya
  • chayote
  • Chechnya
  • Checkerberry
  • Cheddar
  • cheeks
  • cheese
  • cheese, fruit
  • cheesecake
  • chef
  • chelation
  • chequer
  • cherimoya
  • cherry
  • cherry laurel
  • cherry plum
  • cherrystone
  • chervil
  • Cheshire
  • Chester
  • chestnut
  • chèvre
  • chewing gum
  • chia
  • chicharrones
  • chicken
  • chicken of the woods
  • chicken tikka masala
  • chickling pea or vetch
  • chickpea
  • chickweed
  • chicle
  • chicory and endive
  • chiffon cake
  • chih-li
  • chiku (ciku)
  • Child Julia (1912–2004),
  • Chile
  • chili con carne
  • chilli
  • China
  • China root
  • Chinese artichoke
  • Chinese boxthorn
  • Chinese broccoli
  • Chinese cabbage
  • Chinese chives
  • Chinese date
  • Chinese gooseberry
  • Chinese kale (or Chinese broccoli),
  • Chinese keys
  • Chinese lantern
  • Chinese leaves
  • Chinese olive
  • Chinese parsley
  • Chinese spinach
  • Chinese water chestnut
  • Chinese wolfberry
  • chinquapin
  • chipolata
  • chips and crisps
  • chiton
  • chitterling(s)
  • chives
  • chłodnik
  • chlorophyll
  • chocolate
  • chocolate sauce
  • choerek (or choereg, choereq, churekg etc.—the name has seemingly innumerable transcriptions)
  • chokeberry
  • chokecherry
  • choko
  • cholent
  • cholesterol
  • chop
  • chop suey
  • chorizo
  • Chorley cakes
  • choubritsa (ciubritsa)
  • choucroute
  • chouquettes or petits choux,
  • chow-chow
  • chowder
  • chow mein
  • Christianity and food
  • Christmas foods
  • Christmas pudding
  • christophene
  • chrysanthemum
  • chuck and chuck wagon
  • chufa
  • chuño and tunta
  • churro
  • chutney
  • ciabatta
  • cicadas
  • cider
  • cigale
  • cigarette russe
  • cilantro
  • cima
  • cinnamon
  • çiorba
  • citron
  • citronella
  • citrus fruits
  • civet
  • clabber
  • clafoutis
  • clam
  • clambake
  • clapbread
  • clapshot
  • clarification
  • clary
  • classical Greece
  • classical Rome
  • clay
  • cleavers
  • clementine
  • climate
  • clitocybe mushrooms
  • clootie dumpling
  • clostridium
  • clotted cream
  • cloudberry
  • cloud ear
  • clove
  • clove gilliflowers
  • clover and melilot
  • clovisse
  • club fungus
  • club sandwich
  • cluster bean
  • coagulation
  • coalfish
  • cobbler
  • cobia
  • cob nut
  • Coburg/cob
  • cobweb-caps
  • coca
  • Coca-Cola
  • cochineal
  • cocido
  • cock
  • Cockaigne, Land of (or Cockayne, Land of)
  • cock-a-leekie
  • cockatoo
  • cockchafer
  • cockerel
  • cockle
  • cock's comb
  • cocoa
  • coco de mer (sea-coconut)
  • cocona
  • coconut
  • coconut crab
  • coconut ice
  • coconut milk/cream
  • cocoyam
  • cod
  • cœur
  • coffee
  • coffee house
  • coffin (coffyn)
  • cola (or kola)
  • colbert
  • colcannon
  • cole
  • Cole Mrs Mary (fl.1788–91)
  • coleslaw
  • coley
  • collagen
  • collar
  • collards
  • college pudding
  • colloid
  • collop
  • colocasia
  • colomba
  • Colombia
  • colombo
  • colostrum
  • colour and cooking
  • colouring of food
  • coltsfoot
  • Columbian exchange
  • Colwick cheese
  • colza
  • comber
  • comfit
  • comfrey
  • composition of foods
  • compote
  • Comté (cheese)
  • conch
  • conchiglie
  • condiment
  • coney
  • confectionery
  • confetti
  • confit
  • congee
  • conger eel
  • Congo
  • congo pea
  • conjuror
  • connective tissue
  • consommé
  • convenience foods
  • cook
  • cooked cheeses
  • cookery: skill, art, or science?
  • cookery schools
  • cookie
  • cooking
  • coon
  • Cooper,
  • coot
  • coppa (cup)
  • copper
  • copra
  • coq au vin
  • coquina
  • coquito
  • coral cod, coral trout
  • coral fish
  • coral fungus
  • cordial
  • cordon bleu
  • cordyceps
  • coriander
  • corkwing
  • cormorant
  • corms
  • corn
  • corn breads
  • corncrake
  • corned beef
  • cornel (cornelian cherry)
  • cornflour
  • cornhusker
  • Cornish pasty
  • Cornish split
  • corn pone
  • corn salad
  • cornstarch
  • corn syrup
  • Corrado, Vincenzo
  • costmary
  • costus
  • cotechino
  • Cotherstone
  • cotignac d'Orléans
  • cottage cheese
  • cottage loaf
  • cottage pie
  • cotton candy
  • cottonseed oil
  • cottontail
  • coulibiac
  • coulis
  • Coulommiers
  • coumarin
  • country captain
  • courgette
  • court bouillon
  • couscous
  • couverture
  • Coventry godcakes
  • cow
  • cowage (cowitch)
  • cowberry
  • cow hair
  • cowpea
  • cowslip
  • crab
  • crab, common
  • crabapple
  • cracked wheat
  • cracker
  • crackling
  • cracknel
  • crack seed
  • crake
  • cranachan
  • cranberry
  • cranberry tree
  • crane
  • crawfish
  • crayfish
  • cream
  • cream cheese
  • cream of tartar
  • cream of wheat
  • cream puff
  • crécy
  • crème
  • crème brûlée
  • crème caramel
  • crème fraîche
  • creole food
  • crêpes
  • crépinette
  • cress
  • crevally or crevalle
  • cricket
  • crimping
  • crispbread
  • croaker
  • Croatia
  • crocodile
  • croissant
  • crookneck
  • croquant
  • croquembouche
  • croque-monsieur
  • croquette
  • crosne
  • crostata
  • croustade
  • crouton
  • crowberry
  • crowdie
  • crubeens
  • cruller
  • crumble
  • crumpet
  • crustaceans
  • crystallize
  • crystallized flowers
  • Cuba
  • cubeb
  • cucumber
  • cucurbits
  • cudbear
  • cuisine
  • cuitlacoche
  • culantro
  • culatello
  • culinary ashes
  • culinary mythology
  • culinary terminology
  • Cullen skink
  • cullis
  • Cumberland sauce
  • cumin seed or cumin (sometimes cummin)
  • cup cake
  • cup fungi
  • curassow
  • curd (or curds)
  • curd cheese
  • curdling
  • cured foods
  • curlew
  • currants
  • curry
  • curry leaf
  • curry powder
  • curuba
  • cusk
  • cusk eel
  • custard
  • custard apple
  • cutlery
  • cutlet
  • cuttlefish
  • cycads
  • cyclamates
  • cymling
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • D
  • dab
  • dacquoise
  • dafina
  • dagé
  • Dagestan and Chechnya
  • daikon
  • dal (or dhal),
  • dame blanche
  • damper
  • damson
  • dandelion
  • dangleberry
  • Danish cheeses
  • Danish pastries
  • dariole
  • dasheen
  • dashi
  • date
  • date palm flower
  • date plum
  • date-shell
  • daube
  • daun salam
  • David Elizabeth (1913–92)
  • Davidson's plum
  • deer
  • deerberry
  • deglazing
  • Deipnosophists
  • demi-glace
  • denaturation
  • dende oil
  • Denmark
  • de Nola, Ruperto
  • dentex
  • Derby
  • desiccated coconut
  • desserts
  • devil
  • Devil's food cake
  • dewberry
  • dextran
  • dextrin
  • dextrose
  • dhansak
  • dibs
  • diet
  • dietary laws
  • dietary supplements
  • Digby Sir Kenelm (1603–65)
  • digestion
  • digestive
  • dika nut
  • dik dik
  • dill
  • dill pickle
  • di Messisbugo, Christoforo
  • dim sum
  • diner
  • dinner
  • dinuguan
  • diplomat pudding
  • distillation
  • dittander
  • divinity
  • djevrek
  • Djibouti
  • Dobostorte
  • dock
  • dock pudding
  • Dods, Mistress Margaret
  • dog
  • dog cockle
  • dogfish
  • doggy bag (or doggie bag)
  • dogwood
  • doigt de Zénobie
  • Dolly Varden
  • dolma
  • dolphin
  • dolphin fish
  • domiati
  • doner kebab (or döner kebabı or even, in Canada, Donair),
  • donkey
  • doogh
  • dormouse
  • dosa
  • dotterel
  • dou-fu
  • dough
  • doughnut (also donut),
  • doum palm
  • dove
  • dragée
  • dragonfly
  • dragon's eye
  • dripping
  • drisheen
  • dromedary
  • drops
  • drop scone (or dropped scone)
  • drugs and food
  • drum
  • drumsticks
  • drupe
  • drying
  • Dublin Bay prawn
  • duck
  • duff
  • dugong and manatee
  • duku and langsat
  • dulse
  • dum
  • Dumas Alexandre père (1802–70)
  • dumpling
  • Dundee cake
  • Dungeness crab
  • Dunlop
  • duqqa
  • durian
  • dur(r)a
  • duxelles
  • dyspepsia
  • E
  • ears
  • earth-eating
  • earth nut
  • earth oven
  • earthworms
  • East Africa
  • Easter foods
  • eat
  • Eccles cakes
  • échaudé
  • éclair
  • E. coli
  • écrevisse
  • Ecuador
  • Edam
  • edamame bean
  • eddo
  • eel
  • eel-pout
  • egg
  • eggah
  • egg-lemon sauce
  • eggplant
  • egusi
  • Egypt
  • Egyptian bean
  • eishta
  • eland
  • elder
  • elderberry and elderflower
  • elecampane
  • elephant
  • elephant garlic
  • elephant's foot yam
  • elevenses
  • elk
  • elvers
  • emblic or emblic myrobalan
  • Emmental
  • emmer
  • empanada
  • emperors
  • emping
  • emu
  • emulsion
  • enchilada
  • endive
  • England
  • English cookery books
  • enokitake
  • ensaimada
  • ensete
  • entrecôte
  • entrée, entremets
  • enzymes
  • epazote
  • epicure
  • ergot
  • eringo root
  • Eritrea
  • escabeche
  • escalope
  • escargots
  • escarole
  • Escoffier Auguste (1846–1935)
  • espagnole
  • essence
  • essential oils
  • Estonia
  • estouffade
  • Ethiopia
  • Ethiopian mustard
  • etiquette
  • étouffée (étuvée)
  • Etruscan food
  • eugenia fruits
  • eulachon
  • Eve's pudding
  • Explorateur
  • extracts
  • eyes
  • F
  • fadge
  • Faeroe Islands
  • fagara
  • faggot
  • fairings
  • fairy food
  • fairy ring mushroom
  • fajitas
  • falafel (occasionally spelled felafel)
  • false morels
  • famine
  • fan shells
  • farce
  • farfel
  • farina
  • farinha
  • farl
  • Farley John
  • Farmer Fannie (1857–1915)
  • farmers’ markets
  • farro
  • fast food
  • fasting
  • fat hen
  • fat rascals
  • fats and oils
  • fat-tailed sheep
  • fattoush
  • fatty acids
  • fava bean
  • feasts
  • fecula
  • feet
  • feijoa
  • feijoada
  • fennel
  • fenugreek
  • fermentation
  • ferns
  • fesenjan
  • feta
  • fettuccine
  • fibre
  • fiddlehead
  • fiddler crab
  • field mushroom
  • field pea
  • fig
  • figgy pudding
  • figpecker (or beccafico)
  • filbert
  • filé
  • filet mignon
  • filho
  • film and food
  • filo
  • fines herbes
  • finger-lime
  • Finland
  • finnan haddock
  • fiore sardo
  • firethorn or pyracantha
  • firni (phirni)
  • fish
  • fish and chips
  • Fisher M. F. K. (Mary Frances Kennedy) (1908–92)
  • fish pastes and fish paste products
  • fish sauce
  • fish sausages
  • fisnogge
  • fitweed or culantro,
  • five grains of China
  • five spices
  • flädli
  • flageolet
  • flambé
  • flame
  • flan
  • flaounes
  • flapjack
  • flatbreads
  • flatfish
  • flathead
  • flat lobster
  • flatware
  • flavour
  • flavourings
  • flitch
  • floating island
  • flocculation
  • florentine
  • flounder
  • flour
  • flowers
  • flummery
  • fly agaric
  • flying fish
  • flying fox
  • flying squid
  • focaccia or fougasse
  • foie gras
  • fondant
  • fondue
  • fonio
  • fontina
  • food chain (or food web)
  • food history
  • food poisoning
  • foodways
  • foo-foo (fufu)
  • fool
  • foot
  • foraging
  • forcemeat
  • Forfar bridies
  • Forme of Cury(e)
  • fouace, fougasse
  • four humours
  • fourme
  • fraise (or frawsey or froise)
  • France
  • francolin
  • frangipane
  • frankfurter
  • freekeh (also fereek)
  • freezing
  • French bean
  • French bread
  • French cookbooks
  • French dressing
  • french fries
  • French Guiana
  • French toast
  • friandise
  • fricandeau
  • fricassée
  • frigate mackerel (or bullet mackerel),
  • frittata
  • fritter
  • frog
  • fromage frais or fromage blanc
  • frostfish
  • frosting
  • fructose
  • fruit cake
  • fruit cheeses
  • fruit jelly
  • fruit pastes, cheeses, butters
  • fruit salad
  • fruit soups
  • frumenty
  • frying
  • fudge
  • fugu
  • fulmar
  • Ful mudammes (or medames)
  • fumet
  • funeral food
  • funghi porcini
  • fungus
  • funistrada
  • funnel cap
  • funori
  • furrow shell
  • fusilier
  • fusion food
  • Futurist meals
  • fuzzy melon
  • G
  • Gabon
  • gabon nut
  • gache
  • gadwall
  • gaeng
  • gage
  • galactose
  • galangal (or galingale),
  • galantine
  • gale, sweet
  • Galen (ad 129–99)
  • galette
  • galingale
  • gallimaufrey (gallimaufry, and other variant spellings),
  • Gambia
  • game
  • gammelost
  • gammon
  • gandaria
  • gaper
  • garam masala
  • garbanzo
  • garbure
  • gardening and food
  • garden mace
  • garfish
  • garibaldi
  • garlic
  • garoupa
  • garum
  • gastronomy
  • gateau
  • gâteau marjolaine
  • gaufre
  • gaur
  • gaz
  • gazelle
  • gazpacho
  • gefilte fish
  • geitost
  • gelatin (sometimes gelatine)
  • gem
  • gender/sex and food
  • genetics and food
  • genip
  • genipap
  • Genoa cake
  • Génoise
  • geoduck
  • geophagy
  • Georgia
  • geranium
  • German cheeses
  • German cookery books
  • German regional cookery
  • Germany
  • gevrek
  • Ghana
  • ghatti
  • ghee
  • gherkin
  • ghorayebah
  • giant clam
  • giblets
  • gigot
  • gilt-head bream
  • gimblette
  • gingelly
  • ginger
  • ginger biscuits
  • gingerbread
  • ginkgo
  • ginkgo fish
  • ginseng
  • giraffe
  • girdle
  • girolle
  • gizzard
  • gjetost
  • glace (de viande) and demi-glace
  • glacé fruits
  • Glasse Hannah (1708–70)
  • glasswort
  • glaze
  • gliko or glyko,
  • globalization
  • Gloucester cheese
  • glucose
  • gluten
  • gnetum
  • gnocchi
  • gnu
  • Goa
  • Goa bean
  • goat
  • goatfish
  • goat nut
  • goat's milk cheeses
  • gobo
  • gobstopper
  • goby
  • godwit
  • gold and silver leaf
  • golden needles
  • golden syrup
  • good King Henry
  • goose
  • gooseberry
  • goosefoot
  • goose-necked barnacle
  • Goosnargh cakes
  • goraka
  • gorgonzola
  • Gouda
  • Gouffé Jules (1807–77)
  • goulash
  • gourd
  • gourmand
  • gourmet
  • goutweed
  • governor's plum
  • graham bread
  • grains of paradise
  • grains of Selim
  • gram
  • gram flour
  • grana
  • granadilla
  • granita
  • grape
  • grapefruit
  • grass
  • grasscutter
  • grasshopper
  • grass pea
  • gratin, gratiner
  • grating cheeses
  • gravlaks or gravlax
  • gravy
  • grayling
  • Greece
  • green bean
  • green cheese
  • greengage
  • Greenland
  • green peppercorns
  • greensauce
  • gremolada
  • grenadine
  • grey mullet
  • griddle
  • griddle breads
  • Grigson Jane (1928–90)
  • grill
  • grillons
  • Grimod de la Reynière Alexandre-Balthazar-Laurent (1758–1837)
  • grisette
  • griskins
  • grissini
  • groats and grits
  • ground cherry
  • ground elder
  • ground hog
  • groundnuts
  • ground-pig
  • grouper
  • grouse
  • grubs
  • gruel
  • grumichama
  • grunt
  • Gruyère
  • guacamole
  • Guam
  • guamá
  • guanaco
  • guanciale
  • guarana
  • guar bean
  • guascas (or huascas)
  • guava
  • gudgeon
  • guépinie
  • gugelhupf
  • guillemot
  • Guinea
  • Guinea Bissau
  • guinea-fowl
  • Guinea pepper
  • guinea pig
  • guitarfish
  • gulab
  • gulab jamun
  • gulaman
  • Gulf States
  • gull
  • gulls’ eggs
  • gum
  • gum arabic
  • gumbo
  • gums
  • gum tragacanth
  • gur
  • gur cake
  • gurnard
  • Guyana, Surinam, Guyane
  • gwyniad
  • gypsy mushroom
  • gyro
  • gyuvech
  • H
  • habanero
  • hackberry
  • haddock
  • haggis
  • hairmoss or hairweed,
  • hairy tatties
  • Haiti
  • hake
  • halal
  • haleem (or halim)
  • half-beak
  • halibut
  • hallucinogenic mushrooms
  • halo-halo (literally ‘mix-mix’)
  • haloumi
  • halva
  • ham
  • hamaguri
  • hamanatto
  • hamburger
  • Hamburg parsley
  • hamin(e)
  • hammerhead shark
  • hand cheeses
  • hangop
  • hapuku
  • hard/hardshell clam
  • hard tack
  • hardtail
  • hare
  • haricot bean
  • harissa
  • hartebeest
  • Hartley Dorothy (1893–1985)
  • hartshorn
  • harusame
  • hash
  • haslet (or harslet)
  • hasty pudding
  • Hausa potato
  • haute cuisine
  • Havarti
  • havercake
  • Hawaii
  • Hawick balls
  • hawksbill turtle
  • hawthorn
  • hazel-hen
  • hazelnut
  • head
  • head cheese
  • heart
  • heartnut
  • heart of palm
  • heart shell
  • heat and its transmission
  • hedge garlic
  • hedgehog
  • hedgehog fungus
  • Heinz Henry J. (1844–1919)
  • hemicellulose
  • hemp
  • hen/chicken breeds
  • hen clam
  • hen of the woods
  • herb
  • herbal, herbalists
  • herbal teas
  • hermit crab
  • heron
  • herring
  • hickory nuts
  • hierba santa
  • high-bush cranberry
  • high tea
  • hijiki
  • hilbeh (or hulba or halba),
  • Hindle Wakes
  • Hinduism and food
  • Hippocrates
  • hippopotamus
  • hochepot
  • hoe cake
  • Hogmanay
  • hog plum
  • hogweed
  • hoja santa (also hierba santa and many other versions),
  • hoka
  • hoki
  • Hokkaido
  • hollandaise
  • hominy
  • honey
  • honeyberry
  • honey cake
  • honeydew
  • honey fungus
  • hopper
  • hoppin’ John
  • hop shoots
  • horchata
  • horehound
  • hornazo
  • Horn of Africa
  • horn of plenty
  • horn-shell
  • hors d’œuvres
  • horse bean
  • horse chestnut
  • horse gram
  • horse mackerel
  • horsemeat
  • horse mushroom
  • horse mussel
  • horseradish
  • horseradish tree
  • horseshoe crabs
  • hospitality
  • hotchpotch sometimes hodgepodge,
  • hot cross buns
  • hot dog
  • hotels and inns
  • hotpot
  • hough
  • houting
  • HP sauce
  • huacatay
  • huauzontle
  • huckleberry
  • huffkins
  • huff paste
  • huitlacoche
  • humbug
  • hum(m)us
  • hundreds and thousands
  • Hungary
  • hurry scurry
  • hush puppy
  • huss
  • hutspot
  • hyacinth bean
  • hydrogenation or ‘hardening’ of fats,
  • hydrolysis
  • hydropathic pudding
  • hyssop
  • I
  • ice
  • ice cream
  • ice cream bean
  • ice cream cone
  • ice cream soda
  • ice cream sundae
  • ice fish
  • Iceland
  • Iceland moss
  • iceplant
  • icing
  • idli
  • iguana
  • ilama
  • illipe nut
  • imbu (or umbu)
  • imitation foods
  • impala
  • Inca food
  • Inca wheat or quihuicha
  • India
  • Indian almond (or tropical almond)
  • Indian fig or pear
  • Indian pepper
  • Indian sweets
  • Indian whiting
  • Indonesia
  • injera
  • ink cap
  • inkfish
  • insects as food
  • Internet and food
  • intestines
  • Inuit cookery
  • iodine
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Ireland and the potato
  • Irish moss
  • Irish stew
  • Irn-Bru
  • iron
  • irradiation
  • isinglass
  • Israel
  • Italian cookery books
  • Italy
  • itriya
  • Ivory Coast
  • ivy gourd
  • J
  • jaboticaba
  • jack
  • jack bean
  • jackfruit
  • jack-knife clam
  • jack rabbit
  • jaggery
  • Jains and food
  • jalebi
  • jam
  • Jamaica
  • Jamaica pepper
  • Jamaica sorrel
  • jambalaya
  • jambolan
  • jambon
  • jambonneau
  • jambu
  • Jansson's temptation
  • Japan
  • Japanese clam
  • Japanese culinary terms
  • Japanese ‘plum’
  • Japanese tea ceremony
  • jap nuggets
  • japonais
  • Jarlsberg
  • Java almond
  • Java olive
  • Java plum
  • Jedburgh/Jeddart snails
  • jelly
  • jellybabies
  • jelly beans
  • jellyfish
  • jelly fungus
  • jelly roll
  • jerky
  • Jerusalem artichoke
  • Jewish cookery
  • Jewish dietary laws
  • Jew's mallow
  • jiaozi
  • jicama
  • jobfish
  • Job's tears
  • John Dory
  • johnny cake
  • jojoba
  • jollof rice
  • Jordan
  • joshpara
  • jostaberry
  • journalism
  • jug
  • jujube
  • jujubes
  • jumbles
  • juneberry
  • juniper
  • junket
  • junsai
  • K
  • kabocha
  • kachori (kachauri)
  • kadayif
  • kaffir
  • kahawai
  • kaiseki
  • kaʾk
  • kaki
  • kale
  • kamaboko
  • kampyo
  • Kamut
  • kanaka pudding
  • kangaroo apple
  • kangaroos
  • kapok-tree fruit
  • karabij
  • karaka
  • karamelli
  • karanda
  • karela
  • kasha
  • kashk and kishk
  • kashkaval
  • Kashmir
  • kasutera (sometimes spelled castera)
  • katsuobushi
  • kaymak
  • Kazakhstan
  • kebab
  • kecap
  • kedgeree
  • kedrouvie nut
  • kefalotyri
  • kefir
  • kei apple
  • kelp
  • kemiri
  • kenari
  • kenc(h)ur
  • Kendal mint cake
  • Kenney-Herbert Colonel (‘Wyvern’)
  • Kentucky wonder beans
  • Kenya
  • keora
  • kepayang
  • kermes
  • keshkul-e-fuqara
  • ketambilla
  • ketchup
  • kewra (essence)
  • kheer
  • khichri
  • khing sot
  • Khmer Republic
  • khoresht
  • khoshab
  • khoya
  • khubz
  • khus-khus
  • kibbeh
  • kickshaw
  • kid
  • kidney bean
  • kidneys
  • kimch'i
  • king boletus
  • king crab
  • kingfish
  • kingklip
  • king mushroom
  • kinilaw
  • kinkajou
  • kinugoshi
  • kipper
  • Kirghizia
  • kisel
  • kishk
  • kısır
  • kisses
  • kitchen and kitchen equipment
  • Kitchiner Dr William
  • kiwano
  • kiwi
  • kiwi fruit (or Chinese gooseberry),
  • knäckebröd
  • knackwurst
  • knafeh
  • kneidlach
  • Knödel
  • knot
  • knotweed or knotgrass
  • kochojang (kocho chang, kochuzang)
  • kofta
  • kohlrabi
  • koji
  • kokam
  • kolokotes
  • kona crab
  • konbu (often given as kombu),
  • konbucha
  • konjac
  • konnyaku
  • Korea
  • korma
  • kosher food
  • Kosovo
  • koumiss or kumiss
  • krakelingen
  • kreplach
  • krill
  • krupuk
  • kubili nuts
  • Kuchen
  • Kuchenmeisterei
  • kudu
  • kudzu
  • kugel
  • kugelhopf
  • kuku
  • kulcha
  • kulfi
  • kulich
  • kumquat
  • kunafa(h)
  • kushuri
  • kvass
  • L
  • laban
  • lablab bean
  • labneh
  • labskaus
  • La Chapelle Vincent
  • Lachsschinken (salmon ham),
  • lactic acid
  • lactose intolerance
  • Ladakh
  • laddu
  • ladikanee
  • ladyfingers
  • ladyfish
  • laevulose
  • lagoon crab
  • laksa
  • laksa leaf
  • lamb
  • Lamb Patrick
  • lambropsomo
  • lamb's lettuce
  • lamington
  • lamprey
  • Lancashire
  • Lancashire hotpot
  • land crabs
  • langouste
  • langoustine
  • langsat
  • langue de chat
  • lanzone(s)
  • Laos
  • lapwing
  • lard
  • larding
  • lardy cake
  • lark
  • larvae
  • lasagne
  • laser(pitium)
  • lassi
  • lath
  • latke
  • Latvia
  • laurel leaves
  • La Varenne François Pierre de (c.1615–78)
  • lavash
  • lavender
  • laver, laverbread
  • lavignon or lavagnon
  • leather, fruit
  • leatherback turtle
  • leatherjacket
  • leaven
  • leaven bread
  • Lebanon and Syria
  • leben/laban, etc.
  • Lebkuchen
  • lecithin
  • Leckerli
  • leek
  • leftovers
  • leguan
  • legume
  • Leicester
  • Leiden (or Leyden)
  • lemon
  • lemonade
  • lemonade berry
  • lemon grass
  • lemon pepper
  • lemon sole
  • lemon verbena
  • lengkuas
  • Lent
  • lentil
  • Leslie Eliza (1787–1858)
  • lettuce
  • Levant garlic
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • lichens
  • licorice
  • Liebig Justus von (1803–73)
  • Liederkranz
  • lights
  • lima bean
  • Limburger
  • lime
  • lime flowers
  • limetta
  • limpet
  • limu
  • Lincoln Mary (1844–1921)
  • ling
  • lingonberry
  • linguine
  • Linnaeus Carolus,
  • linseed
  • Linzertorte
  • lion
  • Liptauer
  • liquamen
  • liquorice (or licorice)
  • listeria
  • litchi
  • literature and food
  • Lithuania
  • littleneck
  • Livarot
  • liver
  • living history and the history of food
  • lizard
  • lizard fish
  • llama
  • loach
  • loaf cheese
  • lobscouse
  • lobster
  • local food
  • locro
  • locust
  • locust bean
  • locust trees
  • loganberry
  • lokum
  • lollipop
  • longan
  • longevity
  • long-neck
  • long pepper
  • longpod bean
  • lontong
  • loquat
  • lotus
  • loucoum
  • loukoumades
  • lovage
  • love-in-the-mist
  • lovi-lovi
  • low temperature cooking
  • lozenges
  • lubia
  • lucanica
  • lucerne
  • luchi
  • lucuma
  • luderick
  • luf
  • luffa
  • lumpfish
  • lumpia
  • lunch
  • lungs
  • lupin
  • luqmat el qadi
  • lutefisk
  • luvar (or louvar)
  • Luxembourg
  • lychee
  • lye
  • M
  • maʾamoul
  • maas
  • mabolo
  • macadamia nuts
  • macaroni
  • macaroons
  • Macau
  • mace
  • macedoine
  • Macedonia
  • macerate
  • mâche
  • mackerel
  • Madagascar (Malagasy Republic),
  • Madagascar bean
  • Madeira
  • Madeira cake
  • madeleine
  • madia
  • madrai (pronounced mandrai)
  • madrona
  • magnesium
  • maguey
  • mahlab (mahleb, mahaleb)
  • mahseer
  • maidenhair berry
  • maids of honour
  • maigre
  • maize
  • Majorca
  • mako
  • makrut lime
  • Malabar gourd
  • Malagasy Republic
  • malanga (or yautia, or tannia),
  • Malawi
  • malay apple
  • Malaysia, Singapore, and Brunei
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • mallard
  • mallow
  • malt or malted
  • Malta, Gozo, and Comino
  • malt bread
  • maltose
  • mamaliga
  • mamee or mamey
  • mamoncillo or genip(a)
  • maʾmounia
  • manatee
  • Manchego
  • Manchester pudding
  • manchet
  • mandarin
  • mandarin limes
  • manganese
  • mange-tout
  • mango
  • mangoldwurzel
  • mangosteen
  • mangrove crab
  • manicou
  • manioc
  • manketti nut or mugongo nut,
  • manna
  • manteche
  • mantis shrimp
  • mantou or mantu
  • manus christi
  • maomao
  • maple candy/maple sugar
  • maple syrup and maple sugar
  • marang
  • maraschino cherry
  • marble cake
  • marcassin
  • marengo
  • margarine
  • Maria biscuits
  • Maribo
  • marigold
  • marinade, marinate
  • marjoram
  • markets
  • marking nut
  • marlin or spearfish
  • marmalade
  • Marmite
  • Maroilles
  • marron
  • marrons glacés
  • marrow
  • marshmallow
  • marsh rabbit or hare
  • marzipan
  • masa
  • masala
  • mascarpone
  • mashua
  • mask crab
  • maslin
  • masoor
  • Massialot, François
  • mast
  • mastic
  • maté
  • matefaim
  • matelote
  • matsumo
  • matsutake
  • matzo
  • mauka
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • May Robert (b. 1588)
  • Maya food
  • mayonnaise
  • mazurka
  • mead
  • meadowsweet
  • meagre
  • meals
  • mealtimes
  • meat
  • meatballs
  • meat extracts
  • meat glaze
  • meat loaf
  • meat preservation
  • Medici, Catherine de’
  • medicine and food
  • medieval cuisine
  • medieval cuisine: the sources
  • Mediterranean diet
  • medlar
  • megapode
  • megrim
  • Mehlspeisen
  • Melanesia
  • Melba, Dame Nellie
  • melegueta pepper
  • melet
  • melilot
  • melokhia (or molokhia),
  • melon
  • Menagier de Paris, Le
  • Menon
  • menrui
  • merenda (also merienda)
  • merguez
  • meringue
  • Mesoamerica
  • mesquite
  • metabolic rate
  • metabolism
  • metal utensils
  • Mexican oregano
  • Mexico
  • mezze (sometimes spelled meze)
  • Micronesia
  • micro-organisms
  • microwave cooking
  • Milanese
  • milk
  • milk bar
  • milk bread
  • milk cap
  • milkfish
  • milk puddings
  • milk reduction
  • mille feuilles
  • miller
  • millet
  • milling
  • milt
  • mince
  • mince pie
  • minchin (also written as mien chien)
  • minerals
  • miner's lettuce
  • minestrone
  • minneola
  • minnow
  • mint
  • mints
  • mioga ginger
  • mirabelle
  • miracle berry
  • Mirepoix Charles-Pierre-Gaston-François de Lévis, Duke of (1699–1757).
  • mirin
  • mirliton
  • miroir
  • mishsh
  • miso
  • mithai
  • mitsuba
  • Mitzithra
  • mizuame
  • mocha
  • mochi
  • mock turtle soup
  • Moghul cuisine
  • mohinga
  • mojaban
  • moki
  • molasses
  • Moldova
  • mole
  • molecular gastronomy
  • moley
  • molluscs
  • Molokhovets, Mrs
  • mombin
  • momo
  • Mongolia
  • monitor
  • monkey
  • monkey pot nuts
  • monkey's head mushroom
  • monkfish
  • monks and nuns
  • monosodium glutamate
  • monstera
  • Montagné, Prosper
  • mont blanc
  • montelimar
  • Montenegro (Crna Gora, ‘Black Mountain’)
  • Monterey
  • mooli
  • mooncakes
  • moonfish
  • moorhen
  • moose
  • moray eel
  • morello
  • morels
  • Moreton Bay bug
  • mornay
  • Morocco
  • mortadella
  • morwong
  • mostarda di frutta di Cremona
  • moth bean
  • mouflon
  • mould
  • moussaka or musaka
  • mousse
  • mousseline
  • mowra butter
  • Mozambique
  • mozuku
  • mozzarella
  • muesli
  • muffaletta
  • muffin
  • mugwort
  • muhallabia
  • mulberry
  • mullet
  • mulligatawny soup
  • mulloway
  • mung bean
  • Munster
  • muntjac
  • murex
  • Murray cod
  • musciame
  • muscovado
  • Muscovy duck
  • mushimono
  • mushroom
  • mushroom literature
  • mushrooms in Russia
  • musk
  • muskellunge
  • musk ox
  • muskrat
  • Muslims and food
  • mussel
  • mustard
  • mustard and cress
  • mustard greens
  • mutton
  • mutton-bird
  • muzzle
  • Mycella
  • mycoprotein
  • myrobalan
  • myrrh
  • myrtle
  • mysost
  • N
  • nabemono
  • nameko
  • namnam
  • nam pla
  • nam prik
  • nan
  • Naples biscuit
  • naranjilla
  • naras
  • naseberry
  • nasi goreng
  • nasturtium
  • nata
  • Natal plum
  • natto
  • nautilus or pearly nautilus
  • navarin
  • navy bean
  • neck
  • nectar
  • nectarine
  • neeps
  • Nelson, Admiral Lord
  • nelumbo
  • Nepal
  • Nepal pepper
  • Nesselrode pudding
  • Nestlé Henri (1814–90)
  • Netherlands
  • nettles
  • Neufchâtel
  • neuroanatomy of food flavour
  • New Zealand
  • New Zealand grapefruit
  • New Zealand spinach
  • ngapi nut
  • nigella
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Niger seed
  • nightshade
  • nimono
  • niniche
  • nipa palm
  • nitrates and nitrites
  • nixtamalization
  • Noah's ark
  • Noah's pudding
  • no-eye pea
  • noisette
  • nonnat
  • nonpareil
  • Nonya cookery
  • noodles
  • nopales
  • nori or laver
  • Norway
  • Norway lobster (or Dublin Bay prawn, and langoustine in French)
  • nostoc
  • Nostrale and Nostrano
  • nougat
  • nouilles
  • nouvelle cuisine
  • noyau
  • Nudeln
  • nuoc mam
  • nursehound
  • nursery food
  • nut biscuits
  • nut grass
  • nutmeg
  • nutmeg fruit
  • nutrition
  • nuts
  • O
  • oak
  • oatcakes
  • oatmeal
  • oats
  • obesity
  • oca
  • ocean quahog
  • octopus
  • offal
  • oggy
  • ogo
  • ohelo berry
  • oil palms
  • oils
  • oka
  • okara
  • okari nuts
  • okashi
  • Okinawa
  • okra
  • oleaster
  • olio
  • olive oil
  • olives
  • omelette
  • omelette Norvégienne
  • oncom
  • one-pot cookery
  • onion
  • onion seed
  • ooray
  • opah
  • opossum
  • orach
  • orange
  • orange flower water
  • orange peel fungus
  • orange roughy
  • orchil
  • oregano
  • oreillette
  • organic food
  • organ meats
  • orgeat
  • oriental onions
  • Orkney and Shetland
  • Orlando
  • ormer
  • oronge
  • orris root
  • Ortanique
  • ortolan
  • osmosis
  • osso buco
  • Osterhase
  • Osterkarpfen
  • ostrich
  • otaheite apple
  • otaheite gooseberry
  • Othello
  • otter shells
  • Ottoman cuisine
  • oursin
  • ovolactarian
  • ox
  • oxalic acid
  • oxo
  • oxtail
  • ox-tongue fungus
  • oyster
  • oyster crab
  • oyster mushroom (or oyster fungus)
  • oyster nut
  • oyster plant
  • P
  • pa amb tomàquet
  • Pääsiäisleipä
  • paca
  • pacay
  • pacaya
  • Pacific islands
  • paddy straw mushroom
  • padek
  • paella
  • pain d’épices
  • pain perdu (literally, ‘lost bread’)
  • pak
  • pak choi
  • Pakistan
  • pakora (pakaura)
  • paksiw
  • palate
  • palaver sauce
  • palillo
  • palm
  • palm cabbage
  • palm oil
  • palm sugar
  • Palmyra palm
  • palolo
  • paloodeh
  • palourde
  • pampano
  • pan
  • panada
  • Panama
  • pancake
  • pancetta
  • panch phoron
  • pancreas
  • pandanus leaf
  • pandowdy
  • panettone
  • pangolin
  • pan haggerty
  • paniala
  • panini
  • panir
  • panna cotta
  • pansit
  • pantua or pantoah,
  • papad
  • papaw
  • papaya
  • paper-bag cookery
  • Papin, Denys
  • paprika
  • paprikás
  • Papua New Guinea
  • pará cress
  • paradise nut
  • Paraguay
  • para nut
  • parasol mushroom
  • parata (or paratha)
  • parboil
  • parfait
  • Paris-Brest
  • Parker House
  • parkin
  • Parma ham
  • Parmentier Antoine-Augustin (1737–1813)
  • parmentiera
  • Parmesan
  • Parmesan pie
  • Parmigiana di melanzane
  • Parmigiano
  • parrotfish
  • parrots and cockatoos
  • Parsi food
  • parsley
  • parsnip
  • parson's nose
  • partminger
  • partridge
  • paskha
  • passion-fruit
  • Passover (Pesach)
  • pasta
  • pastele
  • Pasteur Louis (1822–95)
  • pasteurization
  • pasticcio
  • pastillage
  • pastille
  • pastitsio
  • pastizzi
  • pastrami
  • pastries
  • pastry
  • pasty
  • Patagonian toothfish
  • pata negra
  • pâté
  • pâte brisée
  • pâtisserie
  • paua
  • pavlova
  • pawpaw
  • paximadia
  • payasam
  • pea
  • pea bean
  • peach
  • peacock
  • peacock-pheasant
  • pea crab
  • peafowl
  • peanut
  • pear
  • pearl onion
  • pearl oyster
  • peasemeal
  • pease pudding (alternatively known as pease porridge)
  • pecan
  • peccary
  • pêche Melba
  • pecorino
  • pectin
  • pejibaye
  • Peking duck
  • pekmez
  • pelican's foot
  • pel'meni
  • pemmican
  • penguin
  • penides, pennets
  • Pennsylvania Dutch
  • pennyroyal
  • pepino
  • pepper
  • peppergrass, -wort, etc.
  • peppermint
  • pepper pot (sometimes pepperpot)
  • percebe
  • perch
  • perilla
  • periwinkle
  • perle Japon
  • permit
  • Persia
  • persillade
  • persimmon or American persimmon
  • Peru
  • pesto
  • peté
  • petit beurré
  • petit four
  • petit suisse
  • Petronius
  • petticoat tails
  • pettitoes
  • peynir
  • Pfeffernüsse
  • phalsa
  • pH factor
  • pheasant
  • Philippines
  • philosophy and food
  • Pholiota mushrooms
  • phosphorus
  • photography and food
  • phulka
  • physalis fruits
  • picada
  • picarel
  • piccalilli
  • pickerel
  • pickle
  • ‘pickled’ cheeses (or brined cheeses)
  • pickling melon
  • pickling onions
  • picnic
  • piddock
  • pie
  • pig
  • pigeon
  • pigeon pea
  • pignola
  • pignut
  • pig's trotter fungus
  • pigweed
  • pike
  • pikelet
  • pike-perch
  • pilaf or pilau,
  • pilchard
  • pili nut
  • pilotfish
  • pil-pil also pili-pili and piri-piri,
  • pimento
  • pimentón
  • pimiento
  • pineapple
  • pine nut (or pi ñon, pinyon, pignolia)
  • pink peppercorns
  • pinole
  • piñon
  • pintail
  • pinto bean
  • pipi
  • piri-piri
  • pirog
  • pirozhki
  • pish pash
  • pismo clam
  • pissaladière
  • pissenlit
  • pistachio
  • pistolet
  • pistou
  • pitanga or Surinam cherry
  • pitaya
  • pit cookery
  • pithiviers
  • pitomba
  • pitta
  • pizza
  • plaice
  • plank
  • plantain (fruit)
  • plantain (plant)
  • Plat Sir Hugh
  • Platina Bartolomeo (1421–81)
  • Pliny
  • plover
  • pluck
  • plum
  • plumb cake
  • plum mango
  • plum pudding
  • poach
  • poached egg fungus
  • pochard
  • poetry and food
  • poffertje
  • poha
  • pohickory
  • poi
  • pokerounce
  • pokeweed
  • Poland
  • polenta
  • politics and food
  • polkagris
  • pollack
  • pollock
  • Polo Marco
  • polony
  • polvorone
  • Polynesia
  • polypores
  • polyunsaturates
  • pomegranate
  • pomelo or pummelo (as preferred by many authorities), or shaddock,
  • pomfret
  • pomology
  • pompano
  • pond apple
  • Ponkan
  • Pontefract cakes
  • Pont l’évêque
  • ponyfish
  • poolish
  • poori
  • poor knights
  • popcorn
  • popover
  • poppadom (papadam, papadum),
  • poppy
  • porbeagle or porbeagle shark,
  • porcupine
  • porgy
  • pork
  • pörkölt
  • pork pie
  • porpoise
  • porridge
  • portable soup
  • Port Salut
  • Portugal
  • posh-té
  • posole
  • posset
  • potage
  • potassium
  • potato
  • Potatoes in cookery
  • pot-au-feu
  • ‘pot’ cheeses
  • potée
  • potlatch
  • potluck
  • pot-roast
  • pottage
  • potted cheese
  • potted meat
  • potting
  • poudre douce, poudre fort
  • poularde, poule, poulet
  • pound cake
  • poutine
  • powan
  • powsowdie
  • prairie chicken
  • prairie dog
  • prairie oyster
  • praline
  • prawn
  • prawn crackers
  • pré-salé
  • preservation
  • preserve
  • pressure cooking
  • pretzel
  • prickly ash
  • prickly pear also called Barbary pear,
  • primrose
  • prince
  • prinjolata
  • processed cheese
  • profiteroles
  • pronghorn
  • prosciutto
  • protein
  • protein and human history
  • provolone
  • prune
  • ptarmigan
  • puchero
  • pudding
  • Puerto Rico
  • puffballs
  • pufferfish
  • puffin
  • puff pastry
  • pulasan
  • pulled candy
  • pulses
  • puma
  • pumpernickel
  • pumpkin
  • pumpkin pie
  • punchnep
  • pupton
  • pupunha
  • purslane
  • puto
  • Q
  • qat
  • qataʾif (kadayif, kunafa, knafeh),
  • qawarma (or confit dʾagneau)
  • quahog
  • quail
  • quaking pudding
  • quandong
  • quark (pronounced ‘kvahrk’ and meaning curd)
  • queen
  • queen cake
  • queen crab
  • queenfish
  • queen's pudding or queen of puddings,
  • quenelles
  • queso
  • quiche
  • quihuicha
  • quillaja
  • quince
  • quince preserves
  • quinoa
  • Quorn
  • quroot
  • qymaq
  • R
  • rabadi
  • rabbit
  • rabbit fish
  • Rabisha, William
  • raccoon
  • raclette
  • radicchio
  • radish
  • Raffald Elizabeth (1733–81)
  • raffia
  • ragi
  • ragout
  • ragú
  • rail
  • rainbow runner
  • raisiné
  • raisins, sultanas, and currants
  • raisin tree
  • raita
  • rakefisk
  • Raleigh, Sir Walter
  • Ramadan
  • rambai
  • rambutan
  • ramekin
  • ramen
  • ramontchi
  • rampion
  • ramsons
  • rancidity
  • Randolph, Mrs Mary
  • rape
  • rarebit
  • rascasse
  • ras-el-hanout
  • rasgulla
  • raskara
  • raspberry
  • rastefisk
  • rat
  • ratafia
  • ratatouille
  • rattan
  • rattlesnake
  • raupo
  • rau ram
  • ravigote
  • ravioli
  • raw food
  • ray and skate
  • ray's bream
  • razor clam or razor-shell
  • reblochon
  • red cod
  • red-cook
  • red crab
  • redfish
  • red herring
  • red mullet
  • red peppercorns (or pink peppercorns)
  • red sanders
  • red snapper
  • reed bird/rice bird
  • reestit mutton
  • refried beans
  • refrigeration
  • reindeer
  • reindeer moss
  • relish
  • rémoulade
  • rendang
  • rennet
  • reshteh
  • resin
  • restaurant
  • resurrection cheese
  • rhea
  • rhinoceros
  • rhubarb
  • rice
  • rice bean
  • rice cakes of the Philippines
  • rice paper
  • rice pudding
  • ricotta
  • ridged gourd
  • rijsttafel
  • rillette
  • riout(t)e
  • risotto
  • rissole
  • roast
  • robber crab
  • robiola
  • rocambole
  • rock
  • rock cake
  • rock cod
  • rock crab
  • rocket
  • rock-fish
  • rockling
  • rock-rabbit
  • rock ‘salmon’
  • rødgrøt
  • roe
  • rolled fondant
  • rollmop
  • rolls
  • roly-poly pudding
  • Romadur
  • Romania
  • Romano
  • Rombauer Irma (1877–1962)
  • romesco
  • rook
  • root beer
  • Roquefort
  • Rorer Sarah Tyson (1849–1937)
  • rose-apple
  • roselle
  • rose-hips
  • rosemary
  • roses
  • rosewater
  • roti
  • roughage
  • roughy
  • rouille
  • roulade
  • roux
  • rowan and sorb
  • royal jelly
  • rubber brush fungus
  • rue
  • ruff and reeve
  • rukam
  • Rumford Count (1753–1814)
  • Rumohr Karl (1785–1843)
  • Rumpolt, Max
  • Rundell, Mrs
  • runner bean
  • rush nut
  • rusks
  • Russia
  • Russian cheeses
  • russula
  • rutabaga
  • Rwanda
  • rye
  • rye breads
  • Ryukyu
  • S
  • Saanen
  • sabayon
  • sablé
  • saccharin
  • Sachertorte
  • saddle
  • safflower
  • saffron
  • saffron cake or saffron bread
  • sage
  • sage cheese
  • sago
  • saiga
  • sailfish
  • St George's mushroom
  • Saint-Nectaire
  • St Nicholas
  • Saint-Paulin
  • saithe
  • saké
  • salad
  • salak
  • salal
  • salamander
  • salami
  • salep
  • saleratus
  • saliva
  • Sally Lunn
  • salmagundi (or salmagundy),
  • salmon
  • salmonberry
  • salmonella
  • salmon trout
  • saloop
  • ṣalṣ
  • salsa verde
  • salsiccia
  • salsify, scolymus, and scorzonera
  • salt
  • salt beef
  • salt cod
  • saltimbocca
  • salting
  • saltpetre
  • salt pork
  • salt-rising dough
  • salts
  • sambal
  • sambar
  • samfaina
  • samn(eh)
  • samosa
  • samphire
  • Samsoe
  • sanbusak
  • sandalwood
  • sand-bug
  • sandcake/sandtorte
  • sand crab
  • sand-eels
  • sanders
  • sandesh
  • sand leek
  • sand-smelt
  • sandwich
  • sansho (or Japanese prickly ash)
  • santol
  • sapodilla
  • sapota or sapote
  • sappaen
  • saps
  • Sapsago
  • sapucaya nut
  • sardi/garmi
  • sardine
  • Sardo
  • sarsaparilla
  • sashimi
  • sassafras
  • sassermaet
  • satay or saté
  • satsuma
  • sauce Robert
  • sauces
  • Saudi Arabia
  • sauerkraut
  • saury
  • sausage
  • sauté
  • savarin
  • saveloy
  • savory
  • savouries
  • Savoy
  • sawfish
  • Saxon pudding
  • Sbrinz
  • scabbard fish
  • scad
  • scald
  • scaldfish
  • scallions
  • scallop
  • scamorza
  • scampi
  • Scappi
  • scarlet elf cup
  • Schabziger
  • schnitzel
  • scollops
  • scolymus
  • scone
  • score
  • scorpion fish
  • scorzonera
  • Scotch broth or barley broth,
  • Scotch egg
  • Scotch pie
  • scoter
  • Scotland
  • scrapple
  • screwbean
  • screwpine
  • scrod
  • scrub-fowl
  • scurvy
  • scurvy grass
  • sea anemone
  • sea bass
  • sea biscuit
  • sea bream
  • sea buckthorn
  • sea cicada
  • sea clam
  • sea-coconut
  • sea cucumber
  • sea grapes
  • seakale
  • sea lettuce
  • sealing
  • seals
  • sea perch
  • sea pie
  • sea purslane
  • searing
  • sea trout or salmon trout,
  • sea turtles
  • sea urchin
  • seaweeds
  • seed cake
  • seladang
  • semolina
  • Senegal
  • Sent Sovi
  • Serbia
  • serrano ham or ‘mountain ham’
  • service à la française
  • service à la russe
  • service-berries
  • sesame
  • sev and seviyan
  • seviche
  • sevruga
  • sewin
  • Seychelles
  • shabu-shabu
  • shad
  • shaddock
  • shado béni
  • shaggy cap
  • shalab
  • shallot
  • shaʾriyya
  • sharks
  • shark's fin
  • sharon fruit
  • shashlik
  • shawarma
  • shchi
  • shea butter
  • shearwater
  • sheep
  • shellfish
  • shepherd's pie
  • shepherd's purse
  • sherbet
  • Shetland
  • shichimi
  • shiitake
  • shiokara
  • ships and food
  • ship's biscuit or hard tack or sea biscuit
  • shipworm
  • shirataki
  • shirumono
  • shiso
  • shola (or sholleh)
  • shoofly pie
  • shorba
  • shore crab
  • shortbread
  • shortcake
  • shortening
  • shoyu
  • Shrewsbury cakes
  • shrikhand
  • shrimp
  • Sichuan pepper
  • Sierra Leone
  • Silk Road
  • silkworm
  • silphium
  • silver
  • silverberry
  • silverside
  • simit
  • simmer
  • Simmonds Peter Lund (1814–97)
  • Simmons Amelia
  • simnel cake
  • sinarapan
  • sin-eating
  • Singapore
  • singhara nut
  • singin’ hinnie
  • sinigang
  • siphnopitta
  • sirnik
  • şiş (or shish) kebab
  • skate
  • skipjack
  • skipper
  • skirlie
  • skirret
  • skorthalia
  • skunk
  • skyr
  • slipcote cheese
  • slipmouth
  • slipper limpet
  • slipper lobster
  • sloe or blackthorn
  • sloke
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Slow Food
  • slump
  • smallage
  • smartweed
  • smell
  • smelt
  • smetana
  • smierkase
  • Smith E. (c.1675–c.1732)
  • smoking foods
  • smörgåsbord
  • smørrebrød
  • snails
  • snake gourd
  • snakes
  • snap bean
  • snapper
  • snickerdoodle
  • snipe
  • snoek
  • snow
  • snow crab
  • soapwort
  • soba
  • sociology and food
  • soda bread
  • sodium
  • soffritto and sofrito
  • sofregit
  • soft-shelled clam
  • soft-shelled crabs
  • sole
  • Solomon Gundy
  • Somalia
  • somen
  • soncoya
  • sonofabitch stew
  • soor plooms
  • sop
  • sopa de ajo
  • sorb
  • sorbet
  • sorghum
  • sorrel
  • sosatie
  • souari nut
  • soufflé
  • soul food
  • soup
  • sour cream
  • sourdough bread
  • sour milk
  • soursop
  • sous vide
  • Southern Africa
  • southern pea
  • southernwood
  • souvlaki
  • Soviet Union (former)
  • sowans
  • soya bean
  • Soyer, Alexis
  • soy milk
  • soy sauce
  • space, food in
  • spaghetti
  • spaghetti squash
  • Spain
  • spam
  • Spanish bayonet
  • Spanish cheeses
  • Spanish cookery books
  • Spanish fly
  • Spanish mackerel
  • Spanish needles
  • Spanish thyme
  • sparrow
  • spatchcock
  • spätzle
  • spearfish
  • spearmint
  • speculaas, speculoos, spekulatius
  • spelt
  • spiced beef
  • spice mixtures or ‘mixed spices’,
  • spices
  • spice trade
  • spider crab
  • spider herb
  • spiders
  • spikenard
  • spinach
  • spiny lobster
  • spitchcock
  • spleen (or melt or milt),
  • split pulse
  • sponge biscuit/finger
  • sponge cake
  • sponge pudding
  • spoonbread
  • spotted dick and spotted dog
  • sprat
  • springbok
  • Springerle
  • spring onions
  • spring roll
  • sprouting
  • Spry Constance (1886–1960)
  • spun sugar
  • squab
  • squash
  • squashberry
  • squawfish
  • squawroot
  • squeteague
  • squid
  • squirrel
  • Sri Lanka
  • stage meals
  • stainless steel
  • staple foods and staples
  • star anise
  • star apple
  • starch
  • starfruit
  • stargazey pie
  • starling
  • steak
  • steak and kidney pudding or pie
  • steam
  • steamed puddings
  • steamer
  • steppe or stepnoj
  • sterlet
  • stew
  • Stilton
  • stinkhorn
  • stir-fry
  • stock
  • stockfish
  • Stollen
  • stomach
  • stone crab
  • stonecrop
  • stone mushroom
  • store cheese
  • stork
  • stotty cake
  • stovies
  • stracchino
  • strawberry
  • strawberry pear
  • ‘Strawberry tree’ or arbutus,
  • straw mushrooms
  • street food
  • Streusel
  • string hopper
  • striped bass
  • Stroganov, Stroganoff
  • stroopballetje
  • strudel
  • stufato and stufatino
  • stuff and stuffing
  • sturgeon
  • submarine
  • sub-Saharan Africa
  • subtleties
  • succory
  • succotash
  • sucket
  • sucking lamb
  • sucking pigs
  • sucrose
  • Sudan
  • suet
  • suet puddings
  • sugar
  • sugara
  • sugaralle
  • sugar almonds
  • sugar-apple
  • sugarberry
  • sugar boiling
  • sugar candy
  • sugar paste
  • sugar wrack
  • suimono
  • sukiyaki
  • sulphur shelf
  • sultana
  • sumac
  • suman
  • summer pudding
  • summer squash
  • sumptuary laws
  • sundae
  • sunflower
  • sunomono
  • sunset shells (or sunset clams)
  • supper
  • suprême
  • suram
  • surf clam
  • Surinam
  • Surinam cherry
  • surströmming
  • surtout
  • sushi
  • Sussex pond pudding
  • susumber
  • swamp cabbage
  • swamp-hen
  • swan
  • swede and rutabaga
  • Sweden
  • sweep
  • sweet and sour
  • sweetbread mushroom
  • sweetbreads
  • sweet cicely
  • sweetcorn
  • sweet cream and sweet curd
  • sweeteners
  • sweeties
  • sweet potato
  • sweets
  • sweet sop
  • swimming crabs
  • Swiss chard
  • Swiss roll
  • Switzerland
  • sword bean
  • swordfish
  • syllabub (or sillabub)
  • symposium
  • syr and sir
  • Syria
  • syrups
  • T
  • ta'amia
  • Tabasco
  • tabashir
  • tabbouleh
  • tabil
  • tablet
  • table-top cookery
  • taboo (or tabu)
  • taco
  • tade
  • taffy
  • tagine
  • tagliatelle
  • tahini (sometimes tahina)
  • Tahiti
  • Tahitian quince
  • Taillevent (c.1312–95)
  • tails
  • Taiwan
  • Tajikistan
  • Taleggio
  • tamales
  • tamari
  • tamarillo
  • tamarind
  • tampumpie
  • tandoor
  • tangelo
  • tangerine
  • tangor
  • tannia
  • tansy
  • Tanzania
  • tapas
  • tapé
  • tapioca
  • tapir
  • taramosalata
  • tarator
  • tarhana or trahana(s)
  • taro
  • tarpon
  • tarragon
  • tart
  • tartare
  • tartaric acid
  • tarte tatin
  • taste
  • tasting
  • Tatar cuisine
  • tatties ‘n’ herring
  • tausi
  • tautog
  • tayberry
  • tea
  • tea (as a meal)
  • tea breads and tea cakes
  • tea-bush
  • teal
  • tef (or teff)
  • tejpat
  • television and food
  • telfairia nut
  • tempe (or tempeh)
  • temperature
  • Temple orange
  • tempura
  • tench
  • tenderizers
  • tengkawang
  • tengusa
  • tennis cake
  • tepary bean
  • teredo worm
  • teriyaki
  • termite heap mushroom
  • termites
  • tern eggs
  • terrapin
  • terrine
  • terroir
  • testicles
  • Tex-Mex
  • texsel greens
  • textured vegetable protein (tvp)
  • Thailand
  • thali
  • Thanksgiving
  • tharid (or tharida)
  • Theophrastus
  • thermometers
  • thickening agents
  • thistle
  • thousand island dressing
  • threadfin bream
  • threadfins
  • thrush
  • thunder and lightning
  • thyme
  • thymus
  • ti
  • Tibet
  • tiffin
  • tiger nut
  • tikka
  • tilapia
  • tilefish
  • Tilsiter (or Tilsit)
  • timbale
  • timur
  • tinamou
  • tinda
  • tinned foods
  • tinola
  • tipsy cake
  • tiramisu
  • tisane
  • toad in the hole
  • toadstool
  • toast
  • toast water
  • toddy
  • toffee
  • toffee apple
  • tofu
  • Togo
  • toheroa
  • toma, tomino
  • tomate de mer
  • tomatillo
  • tomato
  • tomcod
  • tomme
  • tongue
  • tongue clam
  • tonic water
  • tonka bean
  • tooth fungi
  • topitambo
  • top-shells
  • torch ginger
  • torrone/turrón
  • torsk (or tusk)
  • Torte and Kuchen
  • tortilla
  • tortoise
  • tostada
  • tournedos
  • tourte de moy
  • tous les mois
  • toxins
  • trace elements
  • tra(k)hana(s)
  • Trappist cheese
  • trasi
  • travel and food
  • travelling sauce
  • treacle
  • tree bean
  • tree-cotton
  • tree onion (or proliferous/top/Egyptian onion),
  • tree tomato or tamarillo,
  • trefoil
  • trevally
  • trifle
  • trigger fish
  • Trinidad
  • tripe
  • tripletail
  • triticale
  • trotters
  • trout
  • truffle
  • trumpeter (1)
  • trumpeter (2)
  • tsampa
  • tsatsiki
  • tsukemono
  • tuatua
  • tucupi sauce
  • tuile
  • tummelberry
  • tuna (or tunny),
  • tuna fig
  • Tunisia
  • tunny
  • tunta
  • tuoni e lampos
  • tur
  • turbot
  • turkey
  • Turkey
  • Turkish delight
  • Turkmenistan
  • turmeric
  • turnip
  • turnover
  • turtle
  • tutmaç
  • Twelfth Night cake
  • tzimmes
  • U
  • udder
  • udo
  • udon
  • Uganda
  • ugli
  • Ukraine
  • ulluco
  • umami
  • umble pie, umbles
  • ume
  • umeboshi
  • umkokolo
  • upside down cake (upside down pudding)
  • urd (or urad, or black gram)
  • Uruguay
  • USA
  • Uzbekistan
  • V
  • vacherin
  • vandyking
  • vanilla
  • vareniki
  • vareno zhito
  • variety meats
  • vasilopitta
  • veal
  • vegan
  • Vegemite
  • vegetable humming bird
  • vegetable lamb
  • vegetable marrow
  • vegetable oils
  • vegetable spaghetti
  • vegetarianism
  • velouté
  • velvet bean
  • vendace
  • Venezuela
  • venison
  • venus shell or venus clam,
  • verjuice
  • vermicelli
  • verni
  • Verral William (1715–61)
  • vervain
  • vetch
  • ve-tsin
  • vichyssoise
  • Victoria sandwich cake
  • viennoiserie
  • Vietnam
  • Vietnamese coriander/mint
  • vinaigrette
  • vin cuit
  • vindaloo
  • vinegar
  • vinegar cake
  • vine leaves
  • vine spinach
  • violet (1)
  • violet (2)
  • viscacha
  • vitamins
  • voileipäpöytä
  • vol-au-vent
  • vongola
  • W
  • wafer
  • waffle
  • wahoo
  • wakame
  • Waldorf salad
  • Wales
  • walleye
  • walnut
  • wampee (or wampi)
  • wapiti
  • war
  • Ward Artemas (1848–1925)
  • warehou
  • warqa
  • warthog
  • wasabi
  • Washington clams
  • washing up (or ‘doing the dishes’, ‘faire la vaisselle’, and so on)
  • wasp
  • water
  • water apple, water rose apple
  • water biscuits
  • water-buffalo
  • water bugs
  • water chestnut
  • watercress
  • water dropwort
  • water hawthorn
  • water hyacinth
  • water ices
  • waterleaf
  • watermelon
  • water parsnip
  • water spinach
  • waterzooi
  • wattle
  • wax bean
  • wax caps
  • wax gourd
  • weakfish
  • wedding meals and cakes
  • wedge shell (or wedge clam, or coquina)
  • weed
  • weever
  • wels
  • Welsh cakes
  • Welsh onion
  • Welsh rabbit
  • Wensleydale
  • West and Central Africa
  • Western Sahara
  • West Indies
  • wet Nellie
  • whale
  • wheat
  • wheatear
  • wheat products and dishes
  • whelk
  • whey
  • whey cheeses
  • whim wham
  • white ants
  • whitebait
  • whitefish
  • white pot
  • white pudding
  • white sauce
  • White Trash cooking
  • whiting
  • wholemeal
  • whortleberry
  • Wiener Schnitzel
  • wigeon or widgeon,
  • wigs (or whigs, or wiggs)
  • wild boar
  • wild duck
  • wildebeest
  • wild garlic
  • wild rice
  • Windsor bean
  • wine
  • winged bean
  • winged pea
  • winkle
  • wintergreen
  • winter melon
  • winter squash
  • witchetty grubs
  • witloof
  • wok cookery
  • wolf-fish
  • Wolley (Woolley) Hannah (1622/3–c.1675)
  • wonderberry
  • wonton (or won ton)
  • wood apple
  • woodchuck
  • woodcock
  • wood ear (or tree ear)
  • wood mushroom
  • woodpigeon
  • woodruff
  • wood sorrel
  • Worcester(shire) sauce
  • worms
  • wormwood
  • wrack
  • wrapped foods
  • wrasse
  • wreckfish
  • Y
  • yabby
  • yacon
  • yak
  • yakimono
  • yam
  • yam bean
  • yampa
  • yard long bean
  • yarg
  • yautia
  • yeast
  • yeheb nut (also yeeb, ye-eb, ye'eb),
  • yellowman
  • yellowtail (kingfish)
  • Yemen
  • yin-yang
  • ylang-ylang
  • yoghurt
  • yomari
  • York cheese
  • Yorkshire Christmas pie
  • Yorkshire pudding
  • youngberry
  • ysaño
  • yuba
  • yuca
  • yucca
  • yufka
  • yuzu
  • Z
  • zaatar (or zaʾatar or zahtar)
  • zabaglione
  • Zaire
  • zakuski
  • Zambia
  • zambo
  • zampone
  • zander
  • zapote
  • zebra
  • zebu
  • zedoary
  • zensai
  • zeppole
  • zhug
  • Zimbabwe
  • zinc
  • zoloobiya
  • zucchini
  • zuppa inglese
  • zweite Frühstück
  • zwieback
  • Bibliography
  • Picture Acknowledgements