The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Editor: Boyer, Paul S.
Publication Year: 2013
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Inc.

Price: Core Collection Only
ISBN: 978-0-19-975925-5
Category: History - United States -- History
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

Offers a wide range of perspectives to provide an encompassing context of the United States' military and diplomatic legacies

Share this

This book is found in the following Credo Collections:

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • Preface
  • Common Abbreviations Used in this Work
  • A
  • ABM Treaty
  • Acheson, Dean
  • Adams, John (1735–1826),
  • Adams, John Quincy (1767–1848),
  • Adams–Onís Treaty
  • Addams, Jane (1860–1935),
  • Afghanistan War (SINCE 2001)
  • Africa
  • Agency for International Development
  • Agent Orange
  • Air Force, U.S.
  • Overview
  • Origins of the Air Force
  • Air Force Independence and the Cold War
  • Air Force Academy
  • Alabama Claims Controversy
  • Alamo, Battle of the
  • Alaska, Purchase of
  • Albright, Madeleine (1937– ),
  • Algeciras Conference
  • Alliance for Progress
  • Al-Qaeda
  • America First Committee
  • American Friends Service Committee
  • American Legion
  • Analogy in U.S. Diplomacy
  • Antebellum Era, U.S. Military and Diplomatic Affairs during the
  • Anti-Americanism
  • Anti-Communism
  • Antietam, Battle of
  • Anti-imperialism
  • Antinuclear Protest Movements
  • Antiwar Movements
  • Apartheid, U.S. Policy toward
  • Arab–Israeli Conflict, U.S. Policy toward
  • Arlington National Cemetery
  • Arms Control
  • Arms Race
  • Army, U.S.
  • Overview
  • Colonial and Revolutionary Eras
  • 1783–1865
  • 1866–1899
  • 1900–1941
  • Since 1941
  • Army Corps of Engineers, U.S.
  • Army–McCarthy Hearings
  • Arnold, Benedict (1741–1801),
  • Arthur, Chester A. (1829–1886),
  • Articles of Confederation
  • Asia
  • Atlantic Charter
  • Atomic Bomb
  • Atomic Energy Commission
  • Australia
  • B
  • Bacon’s Rebellion
  • Baker, James (1930– ),
  • Balch, Emily Greene (1867–1961),
  • Barbary Wars
  • Baruch Plan
  • Bases, U.S. Military, Domestic and Foreign
  • Bay of Pigs
  • Berlin Blockade and Airlift
  • Black Hawk (c. 1767–1838),
  • Blaine, James G. (1830–1893),
  • Bombing, Strategy and Ethics of
  • Bombing Survey, U.S. Strategic
  • Bonus Army
  • Boston Massacre
  • Boston Tea Party
  • Brant, Joseph (1742–1807),
  • Bretton Woods Conference
  • Brookings Institution and RAND Corporation
  • Brownsville Incident
  • Bryan, William Jennings (1860–1925),
  • Buchanan, James (1791–1868),
  • Bulge, Battle of the
  • Bull Run, Battle of
  • Bunche, Ralph J. (1904–1971),
  • Bundy, McGeorge (1919–1996),
  • Bunker Hill, Battle of
  • Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Burr, Aaron (1756–1836),
  • Burr Conspiracy
  • Bush, George H. W. (1924– ),
  • Bush, George W. (1946– ),
  • Bush, Vannevar
  • Bush Doctrine
  • Byrnes, James F.
  • C
  • Camp David Accords
  • Caribbean, The
  • Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
  • Caroline Episode
  • Carter Doctrine
  • Carter, Jimmy
  • Central Intelligence Agency
  • Chaplaincy in the U.S. Military
  • Cheney, Richard B. (1941– ),
  • Cherokee Cases
  • Chile, U.S. Destabilization Policy toward (1973)
  • China, Opening to
  • China, People’s Republic of
  • Christopher, Warren (1925–2011),
  • Civil Defense
  • Civil Liberties, Suppression of
  • Civil War (1861–1865)
  • Causes
  • Military and Diplomatic Course
  • Domestic Course
  • Postwar Impact
  • Changing Interpretations
  • Clark, George Rogers (1752–1818),
  • Clay, Henry (1777–1852), U.S. congressman, senator, secretary of state, presidential candidate, and Whig Party leader.
  • Clayton–Bulwer Treaty
  • Cleveland, Grover (1837–1908), twenty-second and twenty-fourth president of the United States.
  • Clifford, Clark (1906–1998), lawyer, presidential adviser,
  • Clinton Doctrine
  • Clinton, Bill (1946– ),
  • Coast Guard, U.S.
  • Cold War (1945–1991)
  • Causes
  • External Course
  • Domestic Course
  • Changing Interpretations
  • Collective Security
  • Colonial Era, U.S. Military and Diplomatic Affairs during the
  • Commander in Chief, President as
  • Common Sense
  • Communism
  • Conant, James B. (1893–1978), president of Harvard University, science administrator, and diplomat.
  • Confederate States of America
  • Congress and Foreign Policy and Military Affairs
  • Conscientious Objection
  • Conscription
  • Constitution, Basis for Diplomacy and War in the
  • Constitutional Convention of 1787
  • Containment
  • Coolidge, Calvin (1872–1933), thirtieth president of the United States, from 1923 to 1929.
  • Council on Foreign Relations
  • Counterinsurgency
  • Covert Operations
  • Crazy Horse
  • Creek War
  • Cuban Missile Crisis
  • Cultural Turn in History of U.S. Foreign Relations
  • Custer, George Armstrong
  • D
  • Davis, Jefferson (1808–1889),
  • Dawes Plan
  • Dawes Severalty Act
  • D-Day Landing
  • Declaration of Independence
  • Defense Budgets
  • Defense Contractors, Private
  • Defense, U.S. Department of
  • Defense Industry
  • Defense, U.S. Secretaries of
  • Democracy Promotion
  • Democratic Party
  • Department of Veterans Affairs
  • Détente
  • Diplomacy, Theories of
  • Dollar Diplomacy
  • Domestic Politics, Influence of, on U.S. Foreign Policy
  • Dominican Republic, U.S. Interventions in
  • Domino Theory
  • Don’t Ask Don’t Tell
  • Draft, The
  • Drugs, War on
  • Dulles, John Foster
  • E
  • Early Republic, U.S. Military and Diplomatic Affairs during the
  • Eisenhower Doctrine
  • Eisenhower, Dwight D. (1890–1969),
  • Embargo Acts
  • Espionage
  • Espionage and Sedition Acts
  • Europe
  • European Recovery Program
  • Expansionism
  • F
  • Farragut, David (1801–1870),
  • Flexible Response
  • Ford Foundation
  • Ford, Gerald R. (1913–2006),
  • Foreign Aid
  • Foreign Policy
  • Foreign-Policy Analysis
  • Foreign Relations
  • Foreign Trade, U.S.
  • Foundations, Philanthropic, and U.S. Foreign Policy
  • Fourteen Points
  • Franklin, Benjamin
  • French and Indian War
  • Fulbright, William (1905–1995), U.S. senator from Arkansas from 1945 to 1974.
  • G
  • Gadsden Purchase
  • Garvey, Marcus (1887–1940), Jamaican publisher, businessman, and black-nationalist leader.
  • Gates Foundation
  • Gates, Robert
  • Gender and American Foreign Policy
  • Gender, Sexuality, and War
  • General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (Gatt)
  • Geneva Conventions
  • Geronimo (1823?–1909).
  • Gettysburg, Battle of
  • Gettysburg Address
  • Ghent, Treaty of
  • GI Bill
  • Gilded Age and Progressive Era, U.S. Military and Diplomatic Affairs during the
  • Global Economy, America and the
  • Good Neighbor Policy
  • Grand Army of the Republic
  • Grand Strategy
  • Grant, Ulysses S. (1822–1885), Civil War general and eighteenth president of the United States.
  • Greene, Nathanael
  • Grenada, Invasion of
  • Group of Seven Conferences
  • Guadalupe Hidalgo, Treaty of
  • GuantÁnamo Bay
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
  • Gulf War
  • H
  • Hadley, Stephen
  • Haig, Alexander (1924–2010), U.S. Army officer, secretary of state, business executive.
  • Haiti, U.S. Relations with
  • Hamilton, Alexander
  • Hard Power
  • Harrison, Benjamin
  • Hawai‘ian Annexation
  • Hawley–Smoot Tariff
  • Hay, John
  • Helsinki Accords
  • Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Atomic Bombing of
  • Historiography
  • American Diplomatic History
  • American Military History
  • Holbrooke, Richard
  • Homosexuality, Policy toward, in the U.S. Military
  • Hoover, Herbert
  • Hopkins, Harry
  • House, Edward “Colonel”
  • House of Representatives
  • Houston, Sam
  • Hull, Cordell
  • Human Rights, International
  • Hussein, Saddam
  • Hydrogen Bomb
  • I
  • Ideals, Military
  • Ideology as a Factor in U.S. Foreign Relations
  • Imperial Wars
  • India
  • India–Pakistan Conflict, U.S. Policy toward
  • Indonesia, U.S. Relations with
  • Institute of Pacific Relations
  • Insular Cases
  • Intelligence, Military and Political
  • Intelligence Oversight Act
  • Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles
  • International Criminal Court
  • Internationalism
  • International Law
  • International Monetary Fund
  • International Relations Theory and U.S. Foreign Policy
  • Internment of Enemy Aliens and Combatants
  • Internment of Japanese Americans
  • Interventionism
  • Interwar Period, U.S. Military and Diplomatic Affairs during the
  • Iran
  • Iran-Contra Affair
  • Iranian Hostage Crisis
  • Iran–Iraq War, U.S. Policy toward
  • Iraq Wars
  • Iroquois Confederacy
  • Isolationism
  • Israel, U.S. Relations with
  • Iwo Jima, Battle of
  • J
  • Jackson, Andrew
  • Jackson, Henry “Scoop”
  • Jackson, Thomas J. “Stonewall”
  • Japan
  • Japanese Americans, Incarceration of
  • Japanese Internment
  • Jay, John
  • Jay’s Treaty
  • Jefferson, Thomas
  • Jingoism
  • Johnson, Andrew
  • Johnson, Lyndon B.
  • Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • Jones, John Paul
  • Jones Jr., James
  • Judiciary and Foreign Policy
  • Justice, Military
  • Articles of War
  • Uniform Code of Military Justice (Since 1950)
  • Military Crimes
  • Military Police
  • Military Courts
  • Military Punishment
  • Military Prisons
  • Just War Theory
  • K
  • Kellogg, Frank B. (1856–1937),
  • Kellogg–Briand Pact
  • Kennan, George F.
  • Kennedy, John F.
  • King, Ernest J.
  • King Philip’s War
  • Kirkpatrick, Jeane
  • Kissinger, Henry
  • Korean War
  • L
  • Laird, Melvin (b. 1922),
  • Lansing, Robert
  • Law, International
  • League of Nations
  • Leahy, William D. (1875–1959),
  • Lebanon, U.S. Intervention in (1982–1983)
  • Lee, Robert E.
  • LeMay, Curtis E.
  • Leyte Gulf, Battle of
  • Lincoln, Abraham
  • Little Bighorn, Battle of the
  • Lobbies, Influence of, on U.S. Foreign Policy
  • London Economic Conference
  • Long Telegram
  • Louisiana Purchase
  • M
  • MacArthur, Douglas
  • Madison, James
  • Mahan, Alfred Thayer
  • Maine, USS, Sinking of
  • Manhattan Project
  • Manifest Destiny
  • Marine Corps, U.S.
  • Overview
  • 1775–1865
  • 1865–1914
  • 1914–1945
  • Since 1945
  • Marshall, George C.
  • Marshall Plan
  • Marxism-Leninism
  • Massive Retaliation
  • Mayaguez Incident
  • McChrystal, Stanley
  • McClellan, George
  • McKinley, William
  • McNamara, Robert S.
  • Media, Role of, in U.S. Foreign Policy
  • War and the Military in News Media
  • War and the Military in Photography
  • Meigs, Montgomery
  • Mexican War
  • Mexico
  • Middle East, The
  • Midway, Battle of
  • Military–Industrial Complex
  • Military Service Academies
  • Military Strategy
  • Military, The
  • Missiles
  • Missionary Movements
  • Mitchell, Billy (1879–1936),
  • Modernization Theory
  • Monroe, James (1758–1831),
  • Monroe Doctrine
  • Moore, John Bassett (1860–1947),
  • Morgenthau Plan
  • Mormon War
  • Movies, Military Depiction in
  • Munich
  • Mutually Assured Destruction (Mad)
  • My Lai Massacre
  • N
  • National Guard and Army Reserve
  • National Missile Defense
  • National Security
  • National Security Act of 1947
  • National Security Agency
  • National Security Council
  • National Security Council Document 68
  • National Security Memoranda
  • Native Americans in the Military
  • Native American Wars
  • Nato
  • Naval Academy
  • Navigation Acts
  • Navy, U.S.
  • Overview
  • 1775–1865
  • 1866–1898
  • 1899–1945
  • Since 1945
  • Neoconservatism
  • Neutrality
  • Neutrality Acts
  • New Look Policy, Eisenhower’s
  • New Orleans, Battle of
  • Niebuhr, Reinhold
  • Nimitz, Chester
  • Nitze, Paul H.
  • Nixon Doctrine
  • Nixon, Richard M.
  • Non-Proliferation Treaty (1968)
  • Normandy Invasion
  • North American Free Trade Agreement (Nafta)
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • Northern Ireland Peace Process, U.S. Diplomacy in the
  • Nuclear Arms Control Treaties
  • Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, Comprehensive
  • Nuclear Strategy
  • Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty
  • Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, Limited
  • Nuclear Weapons and Strategy
  • The Cold War Nuclear Arms Race
  • Nuclear Arms Control in the Cold War
  • Nuclear Counter-proliferation after the Cold War
  • Missiles and Nuclear Missile Defense
  • Nuremberg Trials
  • O
  • Obama, Barack (1961– ),
  • Office of Strategic Services
  • Olney, Richard (1835–1917),
  • Opechancanough (c. 1545–1646),
  • “Open Door” Policy
  • Organization of American States
  • Osceola (c. 1804–1838),
  • Ostend Manifesto
  • P
  • Pacific Islands
  • Pacifism
  • Paine, Thomas (1737–1809),
  • Pakistan
  • Panama, U.S. Military Intervention in
  • Panama Canal
  • Pan-American Union
  • Paris Peace Conference
  • Paris, Treaty of
  • Partial Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty
  • Patriot Act, U.S.A.
  • Patton, George S., Jr. (1885–1945),
  • Peace Corps
  • Peace Movements
  • Peace Progressives
  • Pearl Harbor, Attack on
  • Pensions, Civil War
  • Pentagon, The
  • Pentagon Papers
  • Pequot War
  • Permanent Court of International Justice
  • Perry, Matthew (1794–1858),
  • Pershing, John J. (1860–1948),
  • Persian Gulf War
  • Petraeus, David
  • Philippine War
  • Photography and War
  • Pierce, Franklin (1804–1869),
  • Pinckney’s Treaty
  • Platt Amendment
  • Pocahontas (c. 1595/1596–1617),
  • Point Four Program
  • Political Warfare
  • Polk, James Knox (1795–1849),
  • Pontiac (d. 1769),
  • Pontiac’s Rebellion
  • Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Potsdam Conference
  • Powell, Colin (1937–),
  • Powell Doctrine
  • Powhatan (d. 1618),
  • Preparedness Controversy
  • Presidential Decision Making and Foreign Policy
  • Presidents, Foreign-Policy Legacies of
  • Primacy
  • Proclamation of 1763
  • Progressive Era, U.S. Military and Diplomatic Affairs during the
  • Propaganda and American Popular Culture
  • Public Diplomacy
  • Public Opinion, Influence of, on U.S. Diplomacy
  • Pueblo Revolt
  • Q
  • Quasi-War with France
  • R
  • Rabi, Isidor I. (1898–1988),
  • Race and Foreign Relations
  • Race and the Military
  • RAND Corporation
  • Rankin, Jeannette (1880–1973),
  • Reagan Doctrine
  • Reagan, Ronald (1911–2004),
  • Realism
  • Reconstruction
  • Red Cloud (1822–1909),
  • Red Cross, American
  • Reed, Walter (1851–1902),
  • Religion, Influence of, on U.S. Diplomacy
  • Republican Party
  • Revere, Paul (1735–1818),
  • Revolution and Constitution Era
  • Revolutionary War (1775–1783)
  • Causes
  • Military and Diplomatic Course
  • Domestic Course
  • Postwar Impact
  • Changing Interpretations
  • Revolution in Military Affairs, The
  • Rice, Condoleezza (1954– ),
  • Rickover, Admiral Hyman
  • Rockefeller Foundation
  • Roosevelt Corollary
  • Roosevelt, Eleanor (1884–1962),
  • Roosevelt, Franklin Delano (1882–1945),
  • Roosevelt, Theodore (1858–1919),
  • Root, Elihu (1845–1937),
  • Rosenberg Case
  • Rostow, Walt W. (1916–2003),
  • Rotc
  • Rumsfeld, Donald (1932– ),
  • Rusk, Dean (1909–1994),
  • Russia
  • S
  • SALT and START
  • San Francisco Conference
  • San Juan Hill, Battle of
  • Saratoga, Battle of
  • Schwarzkopf, H. Norman
  • Scott, Winfield
  • Scowcroft, Brent
  • Segregation and Integration, Racial, in U.S. Military
  • Selective Service
  • Seminole Wars
  • Senate, Role in U.S. Foreign Policy and Military Affairs
  • September 11th Terrorist Attacks
  • Servicemen’s Readjustment Act
  • Seven Years’ War
  • Seward, William
  • Shays’s Rebellion
  • Sherman, William T.
  • Shiloh, Battle of
  • Shultz, George Pratt
  • Sitting Bull
  • Smith, John
  • Smoot–Hawley Tariff
  • Soft Power, Concept of
  • Spanish–American War
  • Star Wars Policy
  • State, U.S. Department of
  • State, U.S. Secretaries of
  • Stilwell, Joseph
  • Stimson Doctrine
  • Stimson, Henry
  • Strategic Air Command
  • Strategic Arms REDUCTION Treaties (Start I, Start II)
  • Strategic Defense Initiative
  • Strategy
  • Submarines and Submarine Warfare
  • Supreme Court, U.S.
  • T
  • Taft, William Howard
  • Taiwan
  • Taliban
  • Tariffs: Tariffs of 1789, 1824, 1828
  • Taylor, Zachary
  • Tecumseh
  • Teller Amendment
  • Territories, Legal and Foreign Policy and Status of
  • Terrorism and Counterterrorism
  • Terror, War on
  • Test-Ban Treaty
  • Tet Offensive
  • Think Tanks and U.S. Military and Diplomatic Affairs
  • Tomb of the Unknowns
  • Torture, Issue of, in U.S. Military and Diplomatic Affairs
  • Trade and Tariffs and U.S. Diplomacy and War
  • Trading with the Enemy Act
  • Truman Doctrine
  • Truman, Harry S.
  • U
  • Underwood Tariff
  • Uniform Code of Military Justice
  • United Nations, U.S. Relationship with the
  • United States Foreign Relations
  • Africa
  • Asia
  • Australasia
  • Caribbean
  • Central and South America
  • China
  • Europe
  • India
  • Iran
  • Middle East
  • Russia
  • United States Information Agency
  • V
  • Valley Forge
  • Van Buren, Martin (1782–1862),
  • Vance, Cyrus
  • Versailles, Treaty of
  • Veterans
  • Overview
  • The Veterans Administration
  • Veterans Affairs, U.S. Department of
  • Vicksburg, Siege of
  • Vietnamization
  • Vietnam Syndrome
  • Vietnam Veterans Memorial
  • Vietnam War
  • Voice of America
  • W
  • Walker, William
  • War, American Way of
  • War and Peace in American Popular Culture
  • War Crimes Trials, Nuremberg and Tokyo
  • War Department
  • Warfare, Psychological
  • War Industries Board
  • War of 1812
  • War on Terror
  • War Powers Act
  • War Propaganda and Popular Culture, American
  • Washington, George
  • Washington Naval Arms Conference
  • Washington’s Farewell Address
  • Weaponry, Nonnuclear
  • Webster–Ashburton Treaty
  • Weinberger, Caspar
  • West Point
  • Whiskey Rebellion
  • White Fleet
  • Williams School
  • Wilson, Woodrow
  • Wisconsin School of American Diplomatic History
  • Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom
  • World Bank
  • World Trade Organization (Wto)
  • World War I (1914–1918)
  • Overview
  • Causes
  • Causes of U.S. Entry
  • Military and Diplomatic Course
  • Domestic Course
  • Postwar Impact
  • Changing Interpretations
  • World War II
  • Causes
  • Military and Diplomatic Course
  • Domestic Course
  • Postwar Impact
  • Changing Interpretations
  • X
  • XYZ Affair
  • Y
  • Yalta Conference
  • Yamasee War
  • Yorktown, Battle of
  • Yugoslav Wars
  • Topical Outline of Entries
  • Directory of Contributors