The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Business, Labor, and Economic History

Editor: Boyer, Paul S.
Publication Year: 2013
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Inc.

Price: Core Collection Only
ISBN: 978-0-19-973881-6
Category: Business, Finance & Economics - Business
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

Offers a wide range of perspectives to provide an encompassing context of the United States' labor and economic histories.

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Table of Contents

  • Editorial and Production Staff
  • List of Entries
  • Introduction
  • Preface
  • Common Abbreviations Used in this Work
  • Volume 1: ABRA–MUTU
  • A
  • Abraham Lincoln Brigade
  • Accumulation, Social Structures of
  • Adamson Act
  • Adkins v. Children's Hospital
  • Advertising
  • Afl-Cio
  • African American Labor Organizations
  • Agricultural Adjustment Administration
  • Agricultural Extension and Education
  • Agricultural Workers
  • Agriculture
  • Colonial Era
  • 1770 to 1890
  • The Golden Age (1890 to 1920)
  • Since 1920
  • Airplanes and Air Transport
  • Air Traffic Controllers’ Strike (1981)
  • Alien Contract Labor Law
  • Alliance for Labor Action
  • Altgeld John P. (1847–1902),
  • Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel, and Tin Workers
  • American Anti-Boycott Association
  • American Bankers Association
  • American Economic Association and the New Economics
  • American Federation of Labor
  • American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations
  • American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees
  • American Federation of Teachers
  • American Newspaper Guild
  • American System of Manufacturing and Interchangeable Parts
  • Anarchism and Labor
  • Antilabor Mobilization after 1945
  • Antitrust Legislation
  • Antiunion Law Firms
  • Apprenticed Labor
  • Apprenticeship Systems
  • Arnold Thurman (1891–1969),
  • Arrow Kenneth (1921–),
  • Artisanal Labor
  • Astor John Jacob (1763–1848),
  • Automotive Industry
  • Aviation Industry
  • B
  • Bank of America
  • Bank of the United States, First and Second
  • Barbed Wire
  • Battle of the Overpass (1937)
  • Behavioral Economics
  • Berle, Adolf, and Gardiner Means and the Modern Corporation
  • Biemiller Andrew (1906–1982), labor leader and lobbyist.
  • Biotechnology Industry
  • Bisbee Strike and Deportation
  • Braceros
  • Brannan Plan
  • Bretton Woods Conference
  • Brewing and Distilling
  • Bridges Harry (1901–1990), prominent labor leader.
  • Brookwood Labor College
  • Brophy John (1883–1963), leader of the United Mine Workers of America.
  • Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
  • Brown Brothers Harriman & Company
  • Bureau of Labor Statistics
  • Business Cycles
  • Business Growth and Decline
  • Business Roundtable
  • C
  • Campbell Soup
  • Canals and Waterways
  • Capitalism
  • Capitalism and Immigration
  • Capitalism and Industrial Democracy
  • Carnegie, Andrew (1835–1919), industrial entrepreneur and philanthropist
  • Cattlemen's Associations
  • Chambers of Commerce
  • Change to Win
  • Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge
  • Chase Manhattan Bank
  • Chavez, Cesar (1927–1993), labor activist and founder and president of the United Farm Workers of America.
  • Chemical Industry
  • Chicago School
  • Child Labor
  • Citizens’ Committees and Alliances
  • Civilian Conservation Corps
  • Clark John Bates (1847–1938), neoclassical economist.
  • Clark, John Maurice (1884–1963), economist.
  • Class Consciousness
  • Clayton Antitrust Act
  • Clerical Workers
  • Closed Shop
  • Collective Bargaining
  • Colorado Labor Wars (1903–1905)
  • Commission on Industrial Relations
  • Commodity Futures Markets
  • Communications Revolution
  • Communications Workers of America
  • Company Unions
  • Computer Monitoring of Office Workers
  • Congress of Industrial Organizations
  • Consumer Credit and Credit Cards
  • Consumer Culture
  • Consumer Movements
  • Containerization and Transformation of Shipping
  • Contract, Sanctity of
  • Cooperatives
  • Cooperatives and Worker Management
  • Corn Hybrid
  • Corporate Agriculture
  • Corporations, Modern
  • Corporatism
  • Cotton Industry
  • Cotton Trade, Antebellum Era
  • Cowboys
  • Coxey's Army
  • Crédit Mobilier
  • D
  • Dairy Industry and Dairy Products
  • Danbury Hatters’ Case
  • Davis–Bacon Act
  • Debs Eugene V. (1855–1926), labor leader, socialist, and presidential candidate.
  • Department Stores
  • Depressions, Economic
  • Deregulation, Financial
  • Deskilling
  • Dockworkers’ Unions, Multiracial
  • Dodge Revolutionary Union Movement
  • Domestic Labor
  • Duke James (1856–1925), manufacturer of tobacco products and philanthropist.
  • Dust Bowl Era and Farm Crisis
  • E
  • Economic Deregulation and the Carter Administration
  • Economic Development
  • Economic Growth and Income Patterns
  • Economic Regulation
  • Economic Theories and Thought
  • Education and Human Capital
  • Eight-Hour Day
  • Electricity and Electrification
  • Employee Free Choice Act
  • Employee Representation Plans
  • Employment Act of 1946
  • Employment-at-Will
  • Energy Crises, Late Twentieth Century
  • Environmental Regulations
  • Equal Pay Act
  • Erdman Act
  • Executive Order 10988
  • F
  • Factory and Hours Laws
  • Factory Farming
  • Factory System
  • Fair Deal
  • Fair Employment Practices Committee
  • Fair Housing Act
  • Fair Labor Standards Act
  • Family Farm
  • Farm Bureau Federation
  • Farm Machinery
  • Federal Communications Commission
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
  • Federal Housing Administration
  • Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service
  • Federal Regulatory Agencies
  • Federal Reserve Act
  • Federal Reserve System
  • Federal Trade Commission
  • Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions
  • Film and Labor
  • Financial and Banking Promotion and Regulation
  • Financial Crises, 1980s–2010
  • Firestone Harvey (1868–1938), industrialist and corporate executive.
  • Fisheries
  • Five-Dollar Day
  • Fletcher Ben (1890–1949), African American labor leader.
  • Flint General Motors Strike
  • Flynn E. G. (1890–1964), labor activist.
  • Food and Diet
  • Ford, Henry, and Fordism
  • Foreign Trade
  • Forests and Forestry
  • Foster William Z. (1881–1961), labor radical.
  • Freed Laborers
  • Freedom of Contract
  • Free-Labor Ideology
  • Free Silver and Bimetallism
  • Friedman, Milton, and the Chicago School of Economics
  • Fur Trade
  • G
  • Galbraith John Kenneth (1908–2006),
  • Gallatin, Albert, and Economic Development
  • Garment Industry
  • Gastonia Strike (1929)
  • Gates Bill (1955–), developer of computer software, businessman, and philanthropist.
  • GATT and WTO
  • Gender and Work
  • General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
  • General Electric
  • General Motors
  • General Motors Strike (1945)
  • George Henry (1839–1897), philosopher and reformer.
  • Gibbons v. Ogden
  • GI Bill
  • Glass–Steagall, Repeal of
  • Globalization
  • Godcharles v. Wigeman
  • Goldman Emma (1869–1940), anarchist, social activist, free-speech advocate, and spokesperson for women's freedom.
  • Goldman Sachs
  • Gold Rushes
  • Gold Standard
  • Gompers Samuel (1850–1924), labor leader and president of the American Federation of Labor (AFL).
  • Government Regulation and Promotion
  • Grain Processing
  • Grains
  • Granger Movement and Laws
  • Great Depression (1929–1939)
  • Great Recession of 2008 and After
  • Great Society
  • Great Upheaval of 1886
  • Green William (1873–1952), labor leader.
  • Greenbackism
  • Greenback Labor Party
  • Group of Eight (Twenty)
  • H
  • Hamilton, Alexander, and Economic Development
  • Hanna Mark (1837–1904),
  • Harriman E. H. (1848–1909), railroad financier.
  • Haymarket Affair
  • Haywood William D. (1869–1928), labor leader.
  • Hepburn Act
  • Herrin Massacre (1922)
  • Highways and Interstates
  • Hill James J. (1838–1916), businessman and railroad promoter.
  • Hill Joe (1879–1915), labor activist and songwriter.
  • Hillman Sidney (1887–1946),
  • Hoffa James R. (1913–1975?), labor leader.
  • Home Owners’ Loan Corporation
  • Homestead Act
  • Homestead Strike (1892)
  • Homework
  • Hormel P-9 Strike (1985)
  • Household Technology and Domestic Labor
  • Hull House
  • Huntington Collis P. (1821–1900), railroad entrepreneur.
  • Hutcheson William (1874–1953), labor leader.
  • Hydroelectric Power
  • I
  • Immigration
  • Immigration-Restriction Laws
  • Indentured Labor
  • Industrial Democracy
  • Industrial Design
  • Industrialization and Deindustrialization
  • Industrial Policy, Theory and Practice of
  • Industrial Relations
  • Industrial Research Laboratories
  • Industrial Workers of the World
  • Inflation and Deflation
  • Institutional and Historical Economics
  • Insull, Samuel (1859–1938), businessman and utilities-industry spokesman.
  • Insurance
  • Internal Improvements
  • Internal Labor Markets
  • International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees
  • International Association of Machinists
  • International Brotherhood of Teamsters
  • International Confederation of Free Trade Unions
  • International Labor Defense
  • International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union and Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America
  • International Monetary Fund
  • International Unionism and International Solidarity
  • Internet Commerce
  • Interstate Commerce Commission
  • Iron and Steel Industry
  • J
  • Jewish American Labor Movement
  • Jewish Labor Committee
  • Joint-Stock Companies
  • Jones, Mary “Mother” (1837–1930), labor activist.
  • Jungle, The
  • K
  • Keating–Owen Act
  • Kelley Florence (1859–1932), social reformer.
  • Keynesian Economics
  • Knights of Labor
  • Kuhn, Loeb & Co.
  • L
  • Labor and Anti-Communism
  • Labor Conspiracy Law
  • Labor Journalism
  • Labor Leaders
  • Labor Markets
  • Labor Movement, Decline of the
  • Labor Movements
  • Labor Organizations, Pre–Civil War
  • Labor Productivity Growth
  • Labor Spies and Pinkertons
  • Labor's Role in Politics
  • Labor Unions
  • La Follette's Seamen's Act
  • Laissez-Faire and Classical Economics
  • Landrum–Griffin Act
  • Lasch, Christopher (1932–1994),
  • Lawrence “Bread and Roses” Strike (1912)
  • Lehman Brothers
  • Lewis, John L. (1880–1969), labor leader.
  • Little, Frank (1879–1917), labor leader and martyr.
  • Little Red Songbook
  • Little Steel Strike (1937)
  • Livestock Industry
  • Living-Wage Campaigns
  • Lochner v. New York
  • London Economic Conference (1933)
  • Longshoremen and Longshoremen's Unions
  • Long Swings and Cycles in Economic Growth
  • Lowell System
  • Ludlow Massacre
  • Lumbering
  • M
  • Madar Olga (1915–1996), top-ranking officer and leader in the United Auto Workers (UAW).
  • Mail-Order Houses
  • Maritime Transport
  • Marketing Cooperatives
  • Marxian Economics
  • Mass Marketing
  • Mass Production
  • Master and Servant Law
  • Mayo, Elton, and Work Culture
  • Mazzocchi, Anthony “Tony” (1926–2002), labor leader.
  • MCCarthyism and Antilabor Action
  • MCCormick Cyrus (1809–1884), inventor and manufacturer.
  • MCDonald's
  • MCGuire P. J. (1852–1906), labor leader.
  • McNary–Haugen Bill
  • Meany George (1894–1980), labor leader.
  • Meatpacking and Meat-Processing Industry
  • Mechanization of Agriculture
  • Mellon Banks
  • Memphis Sanitation Strike (1968)
  • Mercantilism
  • Merger Movement
  • Mesabi Range and Michigan Hard-Rock Miners’ Strikes (1907–1916)
  • Metal Smelting and Refining
  • Metal Trades
  • Migratory Labor and Migrant Workers
  • Military–Industrial Complex
  • Mining Industry
  • Minneapolis Teamsters and General Strike (1934)
  • Molly Maguires
  • Monetarism
  • Monetary Policy, Federal
  • Morgan, J. P. (1837–1913), banker, financier, and art patron.
  • Motor Vehicles
  • Muller V. Oregon
  • Murray Philip (1886–1952), labor leader.
  • Muste, A. J. (1885–1967), minister, pacifist, and political and labor activist.
  • Mutual Funds and Retirement Accounts
  • Volume 2: NAFT–YESH
  • N
  • Nafta
  • National Association of Manufacturers
  • National Banking System (1863)
  • National Bureau of Economic Research
  • National City Bank (Citibank)
  • National Education Association
  • National Farmers Union
  • National Industrial Conference Board
  • National Industrial Recovery Act and National Recovery Administration
  • National Labor Relations Board
  • National Labor Relations Board v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp.
  • National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act
  • National Labor Union
  • National War Labor Board, World War I
  • National War Labor Board, World War II
  • Native Americans, Economic Aspects of U.S. Relations with
  • Navigation Acts
  • Neoclassical Economics
  • Neoliberalism
  • Neoliberalism as Public Economic Policy
  • Nestor Agnes (1880–1948), labor leader and social reformer
  • New Deal and Institutional Economics
  • New Deal Banking Regulation
  • New Deal Corporate Regulation
  • New Frontier
  • New Left Economics
  • New York Stock Exchange
  • New York Teachers’ Strike (1968)
  • 9to5 and Women Office Workers
  • Nixon's Economic Policies
  • Norris–LaGuardia Act
  • North American Free Trade Agreement (Nafta)
  • Northern Securities Case
  • No-Strike Pledge, World War I and World War II
  • Nuclear Power
  • Nursing
  • Nussbaum Karen (1950–), labor leader.
  • O
  • Occupational Diseases and Hazards
  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration
  • Office Technology
  • Okun, Arthur, and Inequality
  • Open-Shop Movement
  • O'Sullivan, Mary Kenney (1864–1943), labor leader.
  • P
  • Parsons Albert (1848–1887), labor activist.
  • Paterson Strike and Pageant
  • Pensions, Civil War
  • Perkins Frances (1880–1965), social worker and labor regulator.
  • Petroleum Industry
  • Pharmaceutical Industry
  • Phillips Curve
  • Pinkertons
  • Plastics and Synthetics
  • Poor People's Movement
  • Postal Services
  • Poverty
  • Powderly Terence V. (1849–1924), labor leader.
  • President's Mediation Commission (1917)
  • Printing and Publishing
  • Productivity
  • Profits, Changes in Rates of
  • Progressive Miners of America
  • Proletarianization
  • Public Land Policy
  • Public Sector Unionism
  • Public Utility Holding Company Act
  • Public Works Administration
  • Pullman Strike
  • Pure Food and Drug Act
  • Q
  • Quill Michael (1905–1966), labor leader.
  • R
  • Racism
  • Radicalism and Workers
  • Radio
  • Railroad Brotherhoods
  • Railroad Labor Board
  • Railroad Land Grants
  • Railroads
  • Railroad Strike (1877)
  • Railway Labor Act
  • Randolph, A. Philip (1889–1979), labor leader and civil rights activist.
  • Rational Choice Theory
  • Reaper
  • Regulation of Labor and Labor Markets
  • Renewable Energy and Climate Change
  • Report on Manufactures
  • Repression of Unions
  • Reserve Army of Labor
  • Resistance to Management
  • Reuther Walter (1907–1970), labor leader.
  • Right-to-Work Committees and Organizations, National
  • Right-to-Work Committees and Organizations, State Laws Related to
  • Rockefeller John D. (1839–1937), oil-industry leader and philanthropist.
  • Rockefeller Plan, The
  • Rohatyn Felix (1928–), investment banker and U.S. ambassador.
  • Rule of Reason
  • Rust Belt and Deindustrialization
  • S
  • Sacco and Vanzetti Case
  • St. John, Vincent (1877–1929), labor leader.
  • Salt of the Earth
  • Samuelson Paul (1915–2009),
  • Sandlot Riots and Anti-Chinese Movement
  • San Francisco General Strike (1934)
  • Satellite Communications
  • Savings and Loan Debacle
  • Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States
  • Schneiderman Rose (1883–1972), labor and women's rights leader.
  • Scientific Management
  • Scottsboro Case
  • Secretaries of Department of Labor
  • Section 7(a)
  • Securities and Exchange Commission
  • Sedition and Espionage Acts
  • Segmented Labor Markets, Primary and Secondary
  • Service Employees International Union
  • Sexism
  • Shadow Banking System
  • Shanker Albert (1928–1997), labor leader.
  • Sharecropping and Tenancy
  • Sherman Act
  • Shipbuilding
  • Shoe Industry
  • Shopping Centers and Malls
  • Simple Commodity Production
  • Single-Tax Movement
  • Slaughterhouse Cases
  • Slavery
  • Expansion of Slavery
  • As a Labor System
  • The Slave Trade
  • Slavery and Capitalism
  • Sloan Alfred P. (1875–1966), businessman and philanthropist.
  • Socialism and American Exceptionalism
  • Social Security Act
  • Soldiering on the Job
  • Southern Tenant Farmers’ Union
  • Stagflation
  • State Regulatory Laws
  • Steam Power
  • Steel Strike of 1919
  • Stern Andy (1950–), labor leader.
  • Stock and Commodity Exchanges
  • Stock Market Crash of 1929
  • Stretch-Out, Worker Resistance to
  • Strikes
  • An Overview
  • Decline of Strikes
  • Subsidies, Agricultural
  • Sugarcane and Sugar Beets
  • Sumner William G. (1840–1910), sociologist.
  • Supply-Side Economics
  • Sutton Crystal Lee (1940–2009),
  • Sweeney John (1934–),
  • Swift Gustavus (1839–1903),
  • T
  • Taft–Hartley Act
  • Tariffs
  • Taxation
  • Taxes, Federal Income
  • Taylor, F. W.
  • Taylor Society
  • Teamsters for a Democratic Union
  • Teapot Dome Oil Scandal
  • Technocracy
  • Technology
  • Technology and Labor
  • Telegraph
  • Telephone
  • Television
  • Temporary Assistance to Needy Families
  • Temporary National Economic Committee
  • Tennessee Valley Authority
  • Textile Industry
  • Textile Strike (1934)
  • Textile Workers Union of America
  • Theatrical Unions
  • Title VII
  • Tobacco Industry
  • Tobacco Trade
  • Tobin Dan (1875–1955), labor leader.
  • Toledo Auto-Lite Strike
  • Trade Policy, Federal
  • Trade Union Educational League and Trade Union Unity League
  • Transportation Revolution
  • Transport Workers Union
  • Trautmann William E. (1869–1940),
  • Treaty of Detroit and Postwar Labor Accord
  • Triangle Shirtwaist Company Fire
  • Triangular Trade
  • Trilateral Commission
  • Truax v. Corrigan
  • Trumka Richard (1949–), labor leader.
  • Turnpikes and Early Roads
  • U
  • Undocumented Workers
  • Unemployment
  • Union Corruption
  • Unionization Rates
  • Union Reform Movements
  • Union Shop
  • United Auto Workers
  • United Brewery Workers
  • United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners
  • United Electrical Workers
  • United Farm Workers of America
  • United Mine Workers
  • United States v. E. C. Knight Co.
  • United Steelworkers
  • Uprising of 20,000
  • Utopian and Communitarian Movements
  • V
  • Vagrancy and Workers
  • Vanderbilt Cornelius (1794–1877), shipping and railroad tycoon and financier.
  • Veblen Thorstein (1857–1929), sociologist, economist, and social critic.
  • Vertical Integration, Economies of Scale, and Firm Size
  • Volcker Paul (1927–), economist and chairman of the Federal Reserve from 1979 to 1987.
  • Voluntarism
  • W
  • Wages, Real and Nominal
  • Wal-Mart
  • Walton, Sam (1918–1992), merchant and founder of Wal-Mart Stores.
  • Wanamaker, John, and Wanamaker's
  • Ward, Lester F. (1841–1913), sociologist.
  • War Industries Board
  • War Labor Boys
  • Wartime Economic Regulation
  • Water and Irrigation
  • Watson, Thomas, Sr. (1874–1956), business executive, head of the International Business Machines Company (IBM).
  • Webster, Milton (1887–1965), labor leader.
  • Welfare Capitalism
  • Welfare Reform
  • Welfare State
  • West Coast Hotel v. Parrish
  • Western Federation of Miners
  • Westinghouse, George (1846–1914), inventor and industrialist.
  • Whitney, Eli (1765–1825), inventor and arms manufacturer.
  • Wisconsin School of Economics
  • Women's Trade Union League
  • Women Workers
  • Work
  • Worker Colleges and Education
  • Workers Defense League
  • Workers’ Self-Management
  • Worker Training
  • Works Progress Administration
  • World Bank
  • World Federation of Trade Unions
  • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • Wurf, Jerry (1919–1981), labor leader.
  • Y
  • Yazoo Land Fraud
  • Yeoman Myth
  • Yeshiva University, the NLRB, and Collective Bargaining