Encyclopedia of Terrorism

Editor/Author Combs, Cindy C. and Slann, Martin
Publication Year: 2007
Publisher: Facts On File

Price: Core Collection Only
ISBN: 978-1-4381-1019-6
Category: Social Sciences - Criminology & Law
Image Count: 61
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

Encyclopedia of Terrorism, Revised Edition provides students, researchers, journalists, and policymakers with a complete survey of what seems to be an ongoing problem. Entries offer comprehensive coverage of the events, people, organizations, and places that have played a major role in international terrorism.

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Table of Contents

  • INTRODUCTION TO THE REVISED EDITION
  • Contributing Authors
  • A
  • Abu Abbas
  • Abu Nidal
  • Abu Nidal Organization (ANO; Fatah Revolutionary Council, Arab Revolutionary Brigades, Black September, and Revolutionary Organization of Socialist Muslims)
  • Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG)
  • Aceh Merdeka
  • Achille Lauro, hijacking of
  • Action Direct (AD)
  • Adams, Gerry
  • aerial hijacking
  • Afghanistan, U.S. bombing in
  • Ahl-e Hadees
  • airport security
  • Alex Boncayao Brigade (ABB)
  • Allied Democratic Forces (a.k.a. National Army for the Liberation of Uganda [NALU])
  • American Front
  • Amin, Idi (in full, Idi Amin Dada Oumee) (1924/25-2003)
  • Amir, Yigal (1972-)
  • Amn Araissi
  • amplification effect, of the media
  • anarchists
  • ancient terrorism
  • Andrés Castro United Front (Frente Unido Andrés Castro or FUAC)
  • Animal Liberation Front (ALF)
  • Ansar al-Islam (a.k.a. Partisans of Islam, Helpers of Islam, Supporters of Islam)
  • anthrax, as a biological weapon
  • anthrax, attack in the United States
  • antiabortion clinic attacks
  • Anti-Imperialist International Brigade
  • Anti-Imperialist Territorial Nuclei (NTA)
  • April 19 Movement (M-19)
  • al-Aqsa Martyrs’ Brigade
  • Arab Revolutionary Brigades
  • Arafat, Yasir (Yasser Arafat) (1929-2004)
  • Argentina, state terrorism in
  • Arizona Patriots
  • Armed Islamic Group (GIA)
  • armed militias in the United States
  • Armed Revolutionary Nuclei (ARN; a.k.a. Ordine Nuovo [New Order])
  • armed right-wing groups in the United States
  • Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia (ASALA; Orly Group, 3rd October Organization)
  • Army for the Liberation of Rwanda (ALIR; a.k.a. Interahamwe, Former Armed Forces [ex-FAR])
  • Army of God
  • Aryan Nations
  • Aryan Republican Army
  • al-Asad, Hafiz (1930-2000)
  • Asbat al-Ansar
  • attack on America: September 11, 2001
  • Aum Shinrikyo (Supreme Truth)
  • Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia (AUC)
  • auto-genocide
  • B
  • Baader-Meinhof gang
  • Babbar Khalsa International (a.k.a., International Sikh Youth Federation, Dal Khalsa, Bhinderanwala Tiger Force, Saheed Khalsa Force, Khalistan Liberation Tiger Force, Khalistan Commando Force, Khalistan Liberation Front, Khalistan National Army)
  • al-Badr Mujahideen
  • Bakunin, Mikhail Aleksandrovich (1814-1876)
  • al-Banna, Sabri (Abu Nidal) (1937-2002)
  • Basque Fatherland and Liberty (Euzkadi ta Askatasuma [ETA], Basque Homeland and Freedom)
  • Begin, Menachem (1913-1992)
  • Beria, Lavrenti Pavlovich (1899-1953)
  • Beslan school hostage crisis
  • bin Laden, Osama bin Mohammad (1957-)
  • biological agents
  • Black Hand
  • Black September
  • Bombay, India, train bombings
  • bonuses, for terrorist success/injury
  • Bosnia, genocide in
  • Brotherhood of Assassins
  • C
  • Cambodia, state terrorism in
  • Canada and the FLQ
  • Carlos “the Jackal”
  • censorship, of media concerning terrorist incidents
  • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
  • Chechnya
  • chemical weapons
  • Chile, state terrorism in
  • Christian Identity Movement
  • Christian militia movements in the United States
  • Christian Patriotism
  • coerced conversion
  • Colombia, narco-terrorism and
  • Comitatus
  • complicity, between media and terrorists
  • computers
  • Continuity Irish Republican Army
  • conventions on aerial hijacking
  • Covenant, Sword, and Arm of the Lord (CSA)
  • criminals, crusaders, and crazies, as terrorist types
  • Cuba
  • cultural terrorism
  • cyberterrorism
  • cyclical nature of terrorism
  • D
  • Darfur
  • Dayak
  • Dayr Yassin massacre (April 9, 1948)
  • Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP)
  • Democratic Front for the Liberation of Rwanda (FLDR)
  • demography
  • De Regis Institutions
  • Devrimci Sol (Revolutionary Left; Dev Sol, Revolutionary People's Liberation Party/Front [DHKP/C])
  • diplomatic personnel and heads of state, as targets of terrorism
  • disinhibition hypothesis
  • drugs and terrorism
  • dynastic assassination
  • E
  • Earth Liberation Front (ELF)
  • Eastern Shan State Army (ESSA)
  • Egypt, extremist attacks
  • Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ; a.k.a. al-Jihad, Islamic Jihad, Jihad Group, Vanguards of Conquest, Talaa’ al-Fateh)
  • Elizabethan Sea Dogs, as terrorists
  • Entebbe, rescue operation
  • environmental groups, terrorism and
  • Eritrean Islamic Jihad Movement (a.k.a. Islamic Salvation Movement, Harakat al-Jihad al-Islami)
  • ethnic cleansing
  • Euzkadi ta Askatasuma (ETA)
  • Exercise ELIGIBLE RECEIVER
  • explosives, taggants for
  • Extraditables, The
  • Extradition, European Convention on
  • F
  • Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (a.k.a Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional [FMLN])
  • FARC
  • al-Fatah
  • fedayeen
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
  • female genital mutilation (FGM)
  • 15 May Organization
  • Fighting Communist Cells
  • First of October Antifascist Resistance Group (GRAPO)
  • Force 17
  • France, reign of terror in
  • Franz Ferdinand, Archduke, assassination of
  • Free Aceh Movement (Gerakin Aceh Merdeka, or GAM)
  • freedom of press
  • freedom of speech
  • Free Papua Movement (a.k.a. Organisasi Papua Merdeka [OPM])
  • Front du Libération du Québec (FLQ)
  • Front for the Liberation of the Cabinda Enclave (FLEC)
  • Fujimori, Alberto
  • G
  • al-Gama'at al-Islamiyya (a.k.a. al-Gama'a alIslamiyya [GAI], Islamic Group [IG])
  • Gandhi, Rajiv (1944-1991)
  • general threat indicators
  • generational differences among terrorists
  • Geneva Convention on Treatment of Civilians during Times of War
  • genocide
  • Germany
  • globalization
  • goals of government, concerning media in terrorist event
  • goals of media, in terrorist event
  • goals of terrorists, concerning media
  • Goldstein, Baruch (1958-1994)
  • Gray Wolves (Sivi Vukovi)
  • Grey Wolves
  • Great Eastern Islamic Raiders Front (IBDA-C)
  • group dynamics, impact on terrorist of
  • GSG-9 (Grenzschutzgruppe 9)
  • Guatemala
  • guerrilla warfare
  • Guzmán, Abimael
  • H
  • Habbash, George
  • Haganah
  • Haiti
  • Hamas
  • Harakat al-Shuhada'a al-Islamiyah (a.k.a. Islamic Martyrs’ Movement)
  • Harakat ul-Jihad-i-Islami/Bangladesh (HUJI-B)
  • Harakat ul-Mujahidin (HUM)
  • al-Hasan, ibn Sabbah (d. A.D. 1124)
  • Hawari Group (a.k.a. Fatah Special Operations Group, Martyrs of Tal Al Za'atar, Amn Araissi, Force 17)
  • heads of state, international law for the protection of
  • Hiroshima and Nagasaki, bombing of
  • Hisba
  • Hitler, Adolf (1889-1945)
  • Hizballah (Hezbollah) (a.k.a. Islamic Jihad, Islamic Jihad for the Liberation of Palestine, Organization of the Oppressed on Earth, Revolutionary Justice Organization, Party of God, Lebanese Hizballah)
  • Hizb-I Islami Gulbuddin (HIG)
  • Hizb ul-Mujahidin (HM)
  • Holocaust denial
  • Homeland Security, Department of
  • humiliation
  • Hur Brotherhood
  • Hussein, Saddam (1937-2006)
  • I
  • ideological mercenaries
  • images, held by terrorists
  • immigrants and terrorism
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • innocent person, as target under rules of war
  • Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO)
  • internal terrorism
  • International Criminal Court, and crimes of terrorism
  • international terrorist congress
  • Interpol
  • intifadas (Israeli-Palestinian conflict)
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Irgun Zvai Leumi
  • Irish Northern Aid
  • Irish Republican Army (IRA)
  • Islamic Army of Aden (IAA; a.k.a. Aden Abyan Islamic Army, Aden Islamic Army)
  • Islamic Jihad
  • Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU)
  • Israel
  • Italy, legal initiatives against terrorism in
  • al-Ittihaad al-Islami (AIAI)
  • J
  • Jaish-e-Mohammed (JEM; a.k.a. Army of Mohammed)
  • Jamaat al-Fuqra (JF)
  • Jamiat ul-Mujahedin (JUM)
  • Janjaweed
  • Japan, attack in Tokyo subway
  • Japanese Red Army (JRA; Anti-Imperialist International Brigade [AIIB])
  • Jewish Defense League
  • jihad
  • Jihad Group
  • Julius Caesar, assassination of
  • K
  • Kach/Kahane Chai
  • Khaled, Leila (1936-)
  • Khmer Rouge (Party of Democratic Kampuchea)
  • Khomeini, Ayatollah Ruhollah (1902-1989)
  • Kim Jong Il (1 941-)
  • King David Hotel, bombing of
  • Kommissar, the
  • Kongra-Gel
  • Ku Klux Klan
  • Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK)
  • Kurds
  • L
  • Lashkar-e-Tayyiba (LT; a.k.a. Army of the Righteous)
  • Lebanon
  • Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)
  • Libya, state-supported terrorism by
  • Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG; a.k.a. al-Jama'a al Islamiyyah al-Muqatilah; Fighting Islamic Group; Libyan Fighting Group; Libyan Islamic Group)
  • Lockerbie, bombing of Pan Am flight 103
  • Lod Airport attack
  • London terror attacks, July 7, 2005
  • Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)
  • Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF)
  • M
  • Madrid train bombings
  • Manson, Charles (1 934-)
  • Manuel Rodríguez Patriotic Front (FPMR)
  • Martyrs of Tal al-Za'atar
  • media
  • Meir, Golda (1898-1978)
  • Memorandum of Understanding of Hijacking of Aircraft and Vessels and Other Offenses
  • Middle East
  • Middle Eastern news outlets
  • millennial movements
  • Mogadishu, GSG-9 hostage rescue in
  • Montana Freemen
  • Morazanist Patriotic Front (Frente Patriótico Morazanista [FPM])
  • Mossad
  • Mujahideen-e-Khalq Organization (MEK or MKO; The National Liberation Army of Iran [NLA, the militant wing of the MEK], the People's Mujahideen of Iran [PMOI], National Council of Resistance [NCR])
  • Munich massacre of Israeli athletes
  • N
  • narco-terrorism
  • Narodnaya Volya
  • National Army for the Liberation of Uganda
  • National Liberation Army (Ejército de Liberación Nacional [ELN])–Colombia
  • Naval Special Warfare Development Group
  • Nazi Germany, state terrorism in
  • neo-Nazis
  • networking, of groups
  • New People's Army (NPA)
  • The 9/11 Commission Report
  • NORAID
  • Northern Ireland
  • Northern Ireland Act (Emergency Provisions)
  • novation
  • November 17
  • nuclear terrorism
  • Nuremberg Trials
  • O
  • Oklahoma City bombing (1995)
  • Okrana
  • Omega 7
  • OPEC, kidnapping in Vienna
  • operational security
  • Operation Chavín de Huántar
  • Operation Dark Winter
  • Operation Eagle's Claw
  • Operation Enduring Freedom
  • Operation Infinite Reach
  • Operation Nimrod
  • Orange Volunteers (OV)
  • Orly Group
  • Oslo Accords
  • Ottawa Ministerial Declaration on Countering Terrorism
  • overview of terrorism, by region
  • AFRICA
  • EAST ASIA AND PACIFIC OVERVIEW
  • SOUTH ASIA OVERVIEW
  • EUROPE AND EURASIA OVERVIEW
  • WESTERN HEMISPHERE OVERVIEW
  • NEAR EAST AND NORTH AFRICA
  • P
  • Palestine
  • Palestine Liberation Front (PLF)
  • Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)
  • Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ)
  • Pan Am flight 103 bombing
  • Party of Democratic Kampuchea
  • pathological terrorists
  • People against Gangsterism and Drugs (PAGAD)
  • personal security
  • Peru
  • phases of a terrorist incident
  • physical security
  • piracy, as a form of terrorism
  • plastic weapons
  • Pol Pot
  • Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP)
  • Popular Front for the Liberation of PalestineGeneral Command (PFLP-GC)
  • Posse Comitatus
  • Prevention of Terrorism Act (Temporary Provisions)
  • privateers
  • Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA)
  • Q
  • al-Qadhafi, Mu'ammar (1942-)
  • al-Qaeda
  • Qibla (Muslims against Global Oppression [MAGO]; Muslims against Illegitimate Leaders [MAIL])
  • Quebec Liberation Front
  • Qutb, Sayyid (1906-1966)
  • R
  • Rabin, Yitzhak (1923-1995)
  • racism and terrorism
  • Rajneesh, Bhagwan Shree (1931-1990)
  • random terror
  • rape, as a tactic of warfare
  • Real Irish Republican Army (RIRA)
  • Red Army Faction (RAF; Baader-Meinhof Gang, German Rote Armee Fraktion, BaaderMeinhof Gruppe)
  • Red Brigades (BR)
  • Red Hand Defenders (RHD)
  • religion, as a factor in group dynamics
  • Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)
  • Revolutionary Organization 17 November (November 17, 17N)
  • Revolutionary People's Liberation Party/Front (DHKP/C)
  • Revolutionary People's Struggle (ELA)
  • revolutionary taxes
  • Revolutionary United Front (RUF)
  • ricin
  • right of access, of media to terrorist events in the United States
  • right of self-determination
  • right-wing extremism in Germany
  • right-wing terrorism
  • Ruby Ridge
  • Eric Rudolph (1966-)
  • rule of proportionality
  • Rushdie, Salman (1 947-)
  • S
  • Sabra and Shatila
  • Sadat, Anwar (1918-1981)
  • Saint Elijah's Rebellion
  • Salafist Group for Call and Combat
  • Sánchez, Ilyich Ramírez
  • SAS
  • Sayaret Mat'kal (General Staff Reconaissance Unit 269)
  • school site analysis
  • SEAL Team Six (U.S. Naval Special Warfare Development Group [NSWDG]), a.k.a. Dev Group [DEVGRU])
  • Security Barrier, Israeli
  • Sendero Luminoso
  • Shaldag
  • Sharon, Ariel (1929-)
  • Shigenobu, Fusako (1945-)
  • Sikh terrorism
  • Sinn Féin
  • Six-Day War
  • skyjacking, international law and
  • Spain
  • Special Operations units of the United States government
  • Special Projects Team-Special Air Service (SAS; Counter Revolutionary Warfare Squadron [CRW])
  • specific threat indicators
  • spillover events, terrorist violence and
  • Stalin, Joseph (1879-1953)
  • state-sponsored terrorism
  • state terrorism
  • Stern Gang
  • Stockholm syndrome
  • Sudan, pharmaceutical plant, bombing of
  • suicide terrorists
  • surrogate terrorism
  • Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA)
  • T
  • tactical terror
  • taggants
  • targeted killings
  • targets, hardening of
  • target search teams
  • terrorism
  • terrorism, financing of
  • terrorists, characteristics of “successful”
  • threat assessment
  • threat/hoax, as terrorist tactic
  • torture
  • totalitarianism
  • training camps for terrorists
  • trends in terrorist demography
  • TREVI
  • Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA)
  • Tupamaros (Uruguay faction) (Túpac Amaru)
  • Turner Diaries, The
  • TWA flight 847
  • tyrannicide
  • U
  • Uganda
  • Ulster Defense Association
  • Unabomber
  • unholy triangle
  • United Kingdom anti-terror legislation
  • United Nations, response to terrorism
  • United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (a.k.a. Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia [AUC])
  • United States, recent patterns of terrorism in
  • USA PATRIOT Act
  • USS Cole, bombing of
  • V
  • Venice Statement on Taking of Hostages
  • Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations
  • W
  • Waco, Texas, incident
  • War Measures Act
  • weapons, conventional terrorist
  • weapons of mass destruction
  • white supremacist groups
  • Wilmington Coup and Massacre of 1898
  • World Trade Center bombings, 1993
  • Y
  • Yassin, Sheikh Ahmed (1936-2004)
  • Yousef, Ramzi (1964?-)
  • Z
  • al-Zarqawi, Abu Musab (1966-2006)
  • Zionism
  • APPENDIX
  • MAJOR ACTS OF TERRORISM, 1946-2006
  • U.S. AND INTERNATIONAL REACTION TO SEPTEMBER 11, 2001, DAY BY DAY
  • SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY