The SAGE International Encyclopedia of Mass Media and Society

Editor: Merskin, Debra L.
Publication Year: 2020
Publisher: SAGE Publications

Single-User Purchase Price: $945.00
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: $1417.50
ISBN: 978-1-4833-7553-3
Category: Social Sciences - Media & Communications
Image Count: 25
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

The SAGE International Encyclopedia of Mass Media and Society discusses media around the world in their varied forms - newspapers, magazines, radio, television, film, books, music, websites, social media, mobile media - and describe the role of each in both mirroring and shaping society.

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This book is found in the following Credo Collections:

Table of Contents

  • Editorial Board
  • Reader's Guide
  • About the Editor
  • Contributors
  • Introduction
  • A
  • Aboriginal Peoples Television Network
  • Action for Children's Television
  • Adbusters
  • Addiction
  • Adelphi Charter
  • Advertising
  • Advertising Regulations
  • Advertising, History and Economics of
  • Advertising, Return on Investment
  • Advocacy
  • Afghanistan
  • African American Characters on Television and in the Movies
  • African American Magazines
  • African American Newspapers
  • African American Radio Programming
  • African American Television Programming
  • Agenda Setting
  • Al Jazeera
  • Albania
  • Alliance for Audited Media
  • Alterity
  • Amazon
  • American Civil Liberties Union
  • American Copy Editors Society
  • American Forces Network
  • American Press Institute
  • American Society of News Editors
  • Analog and Digital Communications
  • Angola
  • Animal Media Studies
  • Animation
  • Application Programming Interface
  • Apps
  • Argentina
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Asian American Magazines
  • Asian American Movies
  • Asian American Newspapers
  • Asian American Radio Programming
  • Asian American Television Programming
  • Associated Press
  • Association for Women in Communications
  • AT&T
  • Attention Span
  • Attitude Change Theory
  • Audiences
  • Audio Editing
  • Australia
  • Australian Associated Press
  • Austria
  • Auteur
  • Autonomous Moral Agent
  • Avatars
  • Azerbaijan
  • B
  • Backlist and Frontlist
  • Bahamas
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • Behaviorism and Cognitivism
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Bertelsmann
  • Bhutan
  • BitTorrent
  • Blockbusters
  • Blogs and Bloggers
  • Blu-Ray Discs
  • Body Image in Mass Media
  • Bolivia
  • Bollywood
  • Book Publishing
  • Book Publishing, History and Economics of
  • Bookmarking
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Branding
  • Brazil
  • British Broadcasting Corporation
  • British Cultural Theory
  • Broadcast Education Association
  • Broadsheet Newspapers
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burundi
  • Business Wire
  • C
  • Cable Communications Policy Act of 1984
  • Cable Television
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Canada's Anti-Spam Legislation
  • Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
  • Canadian Content Policy
  • Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission
  • CAN-SPAM Act
  • Cape Verde
  • Capitalism
  • Cassette Tapes
  • Celebrities
  • Censorship
  • Center for Digital Democracy
  • Center for Media and Public Affairs
  • Center for the Book
  • Center on Media and Child Health
  • Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies
  • Centre for Digital Cultures
  • Chicago Defender
  • Children
  • Children's Magazines
  • Children's Movies
  • Children's Television Act of 1990
  • Children's Television Programming
  • Chile
  • China
  • China Central Television
  • Citizen Journalism
  • Class Privilege in Mass Media
  • Class-Dominant Theory
  • CNN
  • Cognition and Information Processing
  • Cognitive Dissonance
  • Cognitive Processing, Disengagement, and Empathy
  • Collective Intelligence
  • Colombia
  • Comics
  • Commercial Speech
  • Commission on Freedom of the Press
  • Communications Act of 1934
  • Communications Research
  • Communitarianism
  • Compact Discs
  • Computer Networks
  • Computers, History and Economics of
  • Concentration of Media Ownership
  • Conceptual Metaphor Theory
  • Conglomerates
  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the
  • Constructivism
  • Consumer Behavior
  • Consumer Culture
  • Content Analysis
  • Content Communities
  • Content Farms
  • Content Marketing
  • Content Moderation
  • Copyright Alert System
  • Copyright Laws
  • Corporate Media Consolidation
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Creative Commons
  • Critical Theory
  • Critical Viewing
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Cultivation Theory
  • Culturalist Approach
  • Culture Industry
  • Culture Jamming
  • Cyberbullying
  • Cyberculture
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • D
  • Data Journalism
  • Data Privacy
  • Daytime Television Programming
  • Deconstructionism
  • Defamation and Libel Laws
  • Demographics
  • Denmark
  • Desensitization
  • Diaries
  • Diasporic Communities and Social Media
  • Digital Media and Health
  • Digital Media Ethics
  • Digital Piracy
  • Digital Revolution
  • Digital Rights Management
  • Digital Television
  • Direct Effects
  • Disabilities in Media
  • Disaster Coverage
  • Discourse Analysis
  • Discovery, Inc.
  • Disinformation
  • Disinhibitory and Inhibitory Effects
  • Djibouti
  • Documentary Media
  • Dominican Republic
  • Drone Journalism
  • Dubbing
  • DVDs
  • E
  • East Timor
  • e-Books
  • e-Commerce
  • Ecuador
  • Educational Radio
  • Educational Technology
  • Educational Television
  • Effects Theory
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Election Campaigns
  • Email
  • Embodiment
  • Emergency Notification Systems
  • Emoticons and Emojis
  • Encoding/Decoding Model
  • Environmental Communication
  • Eritrea
  • e-Sports
  • Estonia
  • Ethics
  • Ethics of Care
  • Ethics of Justice
  • Ethics of Representation
  • Ethiopia
  • Ethnography
  • European Alliance of News Agencies
  • European Media Lobbies and Governance
  • European Union Culture Preservation Initiative
  • F
  • Facebook
  • Fairness Doctrine
  • Fake News
  • Fans and Fandom
  • Federal Communications Commission, U.S.
  • Federal Trade Commission, U.S.
  • Feedback
  • Female Characters on Television and in the Movies
  • Feminist Analyses of Media
  • Field Theory
  • Fiji
  • Film Production
  • Finland
  • First Amendment
  • Focus Groups
  • Food Advertising and Marketing
  • Foursquare
  • Framing
  • France
  • France Télévisions
  • Frankfurt School
  • Free Newspapers
  • Freedom of Information
  • Freedom of Information Act
  • Freeware
  • Functionalist Theory
  • G
  • Gambia, The
  • Gaze Theory
  • Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media
  • Genre Theory
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Global Digital Divide
  • Global Media Ethics
  • Global Village
  • Globalization of Mass Media
  • Globe and Mail, The
  • Google
  • Graphic Design
  • Graphic Novels
  • Grassroots Campaigns
  • Greece
  • Grenada
  • Grounded Theory
  • Grupo Globo
  • Guardian, The
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • H
  • Hacking
  • Hacktivism
  • Haiti
  • Hegemony
  • Hicklin Rule
  • Hispanic Movies
  • Hispanic Newspapers
  • Hispanic Radio Programming
  • Hispanic Television Programming
  • Honduras
  • Hot and Cool Media Theory
  • House Band
  • HTML and CSS
  • Humor
  • Hungary
  • Hutchins Commission
  • Hypertext and Hypermedia
  • Hypodermic Needle Theory
  • I
  • Iceland
  • Ideology
  • iHeartMedia
  • Impartiality
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Information Society
  • Information Theory
  • Instagram
  • Institute of Communication and Media Studies
  • Integrated Circuit
  • Intellectual Property
  • Interactive Media
  • Intercultural Communication
  • Intergroup Communication
  • International Association of Business Communicators
  • International Federation of Journalists
  • International Women's Media Foundation
  • Internet Association
  • Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers
  • Internet Protocol Television
  • Internet Security
  • Internet Society
  • Internet, History and Economics of
  • Interpersonal Communication
  • Intersectionality
  • Intertextuality
  • Interviewing
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Island Communicative Ecology
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • J
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Journalism, History and Economics of
  • K
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kenya
  • Kiribati
  • Klout
  • Kosovo
  • Kuwait
  • Kuwait News Agency
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • L
  • Labelling Theory
  • Laos
  • Late-Night Television Programming
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • LGBTQ Characters on Television and in the Movies
  • LGBTQ Magazines
  • LGBTQ Newspapers
  • LGBTQ Radio Programming
  • LGBTQ Television Programming
  • Libel Tourism
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Limited Effects Theory
  • Linguistics
  • LinkedIn
  • Listening
  • Literary Property
  • Lithuania
  • Litigation Public Relations
  • Los Angeles Times
  • Lurking
  • Luxembourg
  • M
  • MacBride Report
  • Magazine Journalism
  • Magazine Websites
  • Magazines Canada
  • Magazines, History of
  • Magic Bullet Theory
  • Mainstream Media
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Māori Television
  • Marshall Islands
  • Marxist and Neo-Marxist Theories
  • Mass Psychology
  • Mass Society Theory of Media Influence
  • Massively Multiplayer Online Gaming
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Media Activism
  • Media and Children's Rights
  • Media and Human Rights
  • Media and Philanthropy
  • Media and Poverty
  • Media Bias
  • Media Dependency
  • Media Diplomacy
  • Media Echo Chamber
  • Media Ecology
  • Media Entrepreneurship
  • Media Ethics
  • Media Events
  • Media Literacy
  • Media Management
  • Media Spectacle
  • Mediated Culture
  • Mediated Scandal
  • Mediatization
  • Medium
  • Meme
  • Men's Magazines
  • Mexico
  • Miller Test
  • Mobile Media
  • Models of Communication
  • Modernism
  • Moldova
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • MOOCs
  • Moral Relativity
  • Motion Picture Association of America
  • Movie Theaters, History and Economics of
  • Movies, History and Economics of
  • MP3 Players
  • Multimedia
  • Music Industry, History and Economics of
  • Music Videos
  • Myanmar
  • Myspace
  • N
  • Narcotizing Dysfunction
  • Naspers
  • National Academy of Television Arts & Sciences
  • National Association for Multi-ethnicity in Communications
  • National Association of Black Journalists
  • National Endowment for the Arts
  • National Film Board of Canada
  • National Press Photographers Association
  • National Press Photographers Association Code of Ethics
  • National Public Radio
  • National Union of Journalists
  • Native Advertising
  • Native American Movies
  • Native American Newspapers
  • Native American Radio Programming
  • Native American Television Programming
  • Nauru
  • NDTV
  • Nepal
  • Nerd Culture
  • Netflix
  • Netherlands
  • Neurodiverse Websites
  • New York Times v. Sullivan
  • New York Times, The
  • New Zealand
  • News Agencies
  • News Corporation
  • News Lab
  • News Themes
  • NewsGuild
  • Newspaper Journalism
  • Newspaper Publishing
  • Newspaper Websites
  • Newspapers, History and Economics of
  • Newspapers, Print
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Nihilism
  • NLGJA: The Association of LGBTQ Journalists
  • Nollywood
  • Norms
  • Norms
  • North Korea
  • North Macedonia
  • Norway
  • O
  • Objectivity
  • Obscene Publications Acts
  • Observational Research
  • Obstinate Audience Theory
  • Oman
  • One Laptop per Child
  • One-Step Flow Theory
  • Online News Sites
  • Online Predators
  • Online Speech, Restrictions on
  • Opinion Leaders and Followers
  • Outdoor Advertising
  • P
  • Pakistan
  • Pakistan Television Corporation
  • Palau
  • Palestine
  • Paley Center for Media
  • Panama
  • Pandora
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paradigm Shift
  • Paraguay
  • Parasocial Interaction
  • Participatory Action Research
  • Peer-to-Peer File Sharing
  • Peer-to-Peer Payment Systems
  • People's Daily
  • Perception
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Photography
  • Pirate Radio
  • Podcasting
  • Poland
  • Political Communication
  • Political Economy of Communication
  • Political Mass Media
  • Pornography
  • Portugal
  • Posthumanism
  • Postmodernism
  • Prasar Bharati
  • Pravda
  • Press Trust of India
  • Prime-Time Programming
  • Priming
  • Printing Press
  • Prior Restraint
  • Private Media Group
  • Problematic Interactive Media Use
  • Product Placement
  • Propaganda
  • Propaganda, Theories of
  • Psychoanalytic Theory
  • Psychographics
  • Public Affairs Radio Programming
  • Public Affairs Television Programming
  • Public Broadcasting Service
  • Public Diplomacy
  • Public Relations
  • Public Relations Society of America
  • Public Relations Society of America Code of Ethics
  • R
  • Radio Act of 1912
  • Radio Act of 1927
  • Radio, Broadcast
  • Radio, History and Economics of
  • Radio, Online
  • RAI
  • Rakuten
  • Reading, History of
  • Reality Television
  • Really Simple Syndication
  • Recording Industry Association of America
  • Reddit
  • Religious Radio Programming
  • Religious Television Programming
  • Reporters Without Borders
  • Representation
  • Reuters
  • RFID Chip
  • Rhetorical Analysis
  • RIA Novosti
  • Ritual View
  • Rogers Communications
  • Romania
  • Roth v. United States
  • RSS Reader
  • RTÉ
  • RTL Group
  • RTP
  • Russia
  • Rwanda
  • S
  • SAG-AFTRA
  • Samoa
  • San Marino
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Science Communication
  • Screenwriting, Film
  • Scribd
  • Search Engine Optimization
  • Search Engines
  • Second Life
  • Selective Exposure, Perception, and Retention
  • Self-Regulation
  • Semiotic Theory
  • Senegal
  • Senior Citizens and the Internet
  • Serbia
  • Sexting
  • Sexual Harassment Online
  • Shield Laws
  • Shopping Websites
  • Shortwave Radio
  • Sierra Leone
  • Silicon Alley
  • Silicon Valley
  • Simulacrum
  • Singapore
  • Sky News
  • Sky UK
  • SlideShare
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • SMCR Model
  • Social Authority Building
  • Social Cognitive Theory
  • Social Construction of Reality
  • Social Inclusion Through Technology
  • Social Justice
  • Social Media
  • Social Media Monitoring
  • Social Network Analysis
  • Social Networking Site
  • Social News Sites
  • Society of Environmental Journalists
  • Society of Professional Journalists
  • Software
  • Solomon Islands
  • Solutions Journalism
  • Somalia
  • Sound Effects
  • South Africa
  • South African Broadcasting Corporation
  • South Korea
  • South Sudan
  • Spain
  • Special Effects
  • Spiral of Silence
  • Sports in Newspapers and Magazines
  • Sports Radio Programming
  • Sports Television Programming
  • Spotify
  • Sri Lanka
  • Star India
  • Storyboard
  • Strategic Communication
  • Streaming Media
  • Structuralism
  • Studio System
  • Subjectivity
  • Sudan
  • Survey Research
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syria
  • T
  • Tablet Computers
  • Tag Cloud
  • Taiwan
  • Tajikistan
  • Talk Radio
  • Talk Shows, Television
  • Tape Recorders
  • Target Marketing
  • Technology Development, Influence on Mass Media
  • Teen and Tween Audiences
  • Telecommunications Act of 1993, Canada
  • Telecommunications Act of 1996, U.S.
  • Telefe
  • Telefilm Canada
  • teleSUR
  • Television Production
  • Television, History and Economics of
  • Tencent
  • Terrorism, Media Depictions Of
  • Thai TV Global Network
  • Thailand
  • Time Magazine
  • Time Warner
  • Times of India, The
  • Times, The and The Sunday Times
  • Time-Shifting
  • Timor-Leste
  • TiVo
  • TNT
  • Tonga
  • Transmission View
  • Transnational Media Corporations
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Tuvalu
  • Twitter
  • Two-Step Flow Theory
  • U
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • Unfair Trade Practices
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Press International
  • Uruguay
  • USA Today
  • User-Generated Content
  • User-Generated Media
  • Uses and Gratifications Theory
  • Uzbekistan
  • V
  • Vanuatu
  • Vatican City
  • Vatican Radio
  • Venezuela
  • Vertical Integration
  • Video Editing
  • Video Games
  • Video News Release
  • Videography
  • Vietnam
  • Viral Marketing
  • Virtual Communities
  • Vlog
  • Voice of America
  • W
  • Wall Street Journal, The
  • Walt Disney Company
  • War Coverage and Wartime Mass Media
  • Warner Media
  • Washington Post, The
  • Weather Forecasting
  • Web Browsers
  • Wedding Media
  • Whistleblowing
  • WikiLeaks
  • Wikipedia
  • Wikis
  • Women's Magazines
  • Women's Television Programming
  • World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers
  • Worlds of Journalism Study
  • X
  • Xinhua News Agency
  • Y
  • Yahoo
  • YouTube
  • Z
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
  • Zines