At a Glance: Paediatrics at a Glance

Editor/Author Miall, Lawrence, Rudolf, Mary and Smith, Dominic
Publication Year: 2016
Publisher: Wiley

Single-User Purchase Price: $45.00
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: $67.50
ISBN: 978-1-118-94783-8
Category: Health & Medicine - Medicine
Image Count: 124
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

Paediatrics at a Glance provides an introduction to paediatrics and the problems encountered in child health as they present in primary, community and secondary care, from birth through to adolescence.

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Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • Acknowledgements
  • Abbreviations
  • Part 1: Evaluation of the child
  • Chapter 1: Paediatrics and child health
  • The changing face of paediatrics and child health
  • The determinants of health
  • Types of paediatric problems
  • Chapter 2: The paediatric consultation
  • Communication skills in paediatrics
  • Approaching the consultation
  • History taking
  • Beginning the examination—observation
  • Chapter 3: Systems examination
  • Chapter 4: Development and developmental assessment
  • Milestones
  • Developmental warning signs
  • Chapter 5: Growth and puberty
  • Chapter 6: Understanding investigations
  • Chest radiography
  • Magnetic resonance imaging scans
  • Computed tomography scans
  • Ultrasound
  • Blood culture
  • Serological evidence of infection
  • Direct detection methods
  • Lumbar puncture and CSF analysis
  • Urinalysis
  • Immunology
  • Part 2: Moving through childhood
  • Chapter 7: Screening
  • Screening
  • Screening in pregnancy
  • Screening for Down's syndrome
  • Newborn blood spot screening
  • Newborn hearing screening
  • Newborn infant physical examination (NIPE)
  • Screening in later childhood
  • Chapter 8: Genetics and inherited disorders
  • Unusual patterns of inheritance
  • Chromosomal disorders
  • Testing for genetic disorders
  • Chapter 9: The newborn baby
  • The normal newborn
  • Asphyxia and resuscitation
  • Intrauterine growth retardation
  • Vitamin K
  • Chapter 10: Congenital abnormalities
  • Patterns of congenital abnormality
  • Cleft lip and palate
  • Neural tube defects (spina bifida)
  • Developmental dysplasia of the hip
  • Chapter 11: Common neonatal problems
  • Respiratory disorders presenting from birth
  • Early onset neonatal sepsis
  • Group B streptococcal (GBS) sepsis
  • Late onset sepsis
  • Weight loss and feeding problems
  • Jaundice
  • Chapter 12: The premature baby
  • Respiratory distress syndrome
  • Necrotizing enterocolitis
  • Retinopathy of prematurity
  • Brain injury
  • Chapter 13: Nutrition in childhood
  • Infant nutrition
  • Technique of breast-feeding
  • Weaning
  • Nutrition in the preschool years
  • Nutrition in the school-age child
  • Chapter 14: Common behaviour concerns
  • Common emotional and behavioural problems
  • Crying babies and colic
  • Feeding problems
  • Sleeping problems
  • Temper tantrums
  • Unwanted or aggressive behaviour
  • Chapter 15: Child care and school
  • Common problems at school age
  • Severe educational difficulties
  • Dyslexia
  • Dyspraxia
  • Chapter 16: Child health promotion
  • Parenting support
  • Parental mental health
  • Baby care
  • Child development and behavioural problems
  • Nutrition
  • Dental health
  • Passive smoking
  • Injury prevention
  • Identifying risks and safeguarding children
  • Health promotion in school
  • Screening and immunization
  • Chapter 17: The immunization schedule
  • Diseases protected against by immunizations in childhood
  • Diphtheria
  • Tetanus
  • Pertussis (whooping cough)
  • Polio
  • Haemophilus influenzae B
  • Pneumococcal disease
  • Meningococcal C
  • Rotavirus
  • Measles
  • Mumps
  • Rubella
  • Tuberculosis (TB)
  • Hepatitis B
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Chicken pox
  • Part 3: Growth, endocrine and metabolic
  • Chapter 18: Weight faltering and failure to thrive
  • ‘Catch down’ growth and ‘constitutional’ causes
  • Weight faltering due to environmental or psychosocial causes
  • Failure to thrive
  • Malabsorption
  • Chronic illness
  • Genetic and intrauterine causes
  • Chapter 19: Short stature and poor growth
  • Constitutional or familial short stature
  • Maturational delay
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Rarer hormonal problems
  • Chronic illness
  • Turner's syndrome
  • Late effects of cancer treatment
  • Chapter 20: Obesity
  • Nutritional obesity
  • Infant obesity
  • Public health issues
  • Chapter 21: Diabetes
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Initial presentation of type 1 diabetes
  • Growing up with diabetes
  • Insulin therapy (type 1 diabetes)
  • Monitoring
  • Part 4: Cardiovascular disorders
  • Chapter 22: Congenital heart disease
  • Congenital heart disease presenting in the newborn period
  • Chapter 23: Heart problems in older children
  • Left-to-right shunts
  • Obstructive lesions
  • Cardiac arrhythmias in childhood
  • Myocarditis
  • Inherited cardiac disorders
  • Part 5: Fever
  • Chapter 24: Acute fever
  • Treatment of fever
  • Fever in young infants
  • Viral upper respiratory tract infections
  • Tonsillitis
  • Infectious mononucleosis
  • Acute otitis media
  • Chapter 25: Persistent fever and serious recurrent infections
  • Persistent fever and pyrexia of unknown origin
  • Kawasaki's disease
  • Infective endocarditis
  • Osteomyelitis
  • Serious recurrent infection and immunodeficiency
  • Splenectomy and hyposplenism
  • Congenital immunodeficiency
  • Acquired immunodeficiency
  • Part 6: Respiratory disorders
  • Chapter 26: Cough and wheeze
  • The ‘chesty’ child
  • Pneumonia
  • Bronchiolitis
  • Whooping cough
  • Croup (acute laryngotracheobronchitis)
  • Acute epiglottitis
  • Chapter 27: Stridor
  • Chapter 28: Swellings in the neck
  • Chapter 29: Asthma
  • Presentation
  • Management of chronic asthma
  • Medical management of asthma in children
  • Inhaler devices
  • Treatment of severe exacerbation
  • Chapter 30: Cystic fibrosis
  • Genetics
  • Presentation
  • Common problems and their management
  • Diagnosis
  • Prognosis
  • Part 7: Abdominal disorders
  • Chapter 31: Acute abdominal pain
  • Acute appendicitis
  • Intussusception
  • Other surgical causes of acute abdominal pain
  • Non-surgical causes of acute abdominal pain
  • Chapter 32: Vomiting
  • Gastro-oesophageal reflux
  • Pyloric stenosis
  • Vomiting due to gastroenteritis
  • Bowel obstruction
  • Sepsis presenting with vomiting
  • Vomiting due to raised intracranial pressure
  • Chapter 33: Acute diarrhoea and dehydration
  • Dehydration
  • Acute diarrhoea
  • Management of dehydration
  • Chapter 34: Chronic diarrhoea
  • Toddler diarrhoea
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Coeliac disease
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Parasites
  • Cow's milk protein intolerance
  • Chapter 35: Recurrent abdominal pain
  • Idiopathic recurrent abdominal pain
  • Other causes
  • Other causes of recurrent abdominal pain
  • Chapter 36: Constipation
  • Constipation
  • Idiopathic constipation
  • Hirschsprung's disease
  • Risk factors for constipation
  • Part 8: Urogenital disorders
  • Chapter 37: Urinary tract infections
  • Investigating urinary tract infections
  • Renal anomalies
  • Urological abnormalities
  • Vesicoureteric reflux
  • Chapter 38: Haematuria and proteinuria
  • Acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Other renal conditions
  • Chapter 39: Bedwetting and daytime wetting
  • Chapter 40: Swellings in the groin and scrotum
  • Part 9: Neurological disorders
  • Chapter 41: Developmental delay
  • Severe learning/intellectual disabilities (mental retardation)
  • Intrauterine infections
  • Foetal alcohol syndrome
  • Congenital hypothyroidism
  • Inborn errors of metabolism
  • Neurodegenerative disorders
  • Neurocutaneous syndromes
  • Abuse and neglect
  • Chapter 42: Headache
  • Migraine
  • Tension headache
  • Cluster headache
  • Raised intracranial pressure
  • Other causes of headache
  • Chapter 43: Fits, faints and funny turns
  • Breath-holding spells
  • Reflex anoxic seizures
  • Infantile spasms
  • Syncope (fainting)
  • Cardiac arrhythmias
  • Hyperventilation
  • Hypoglycaemia and other metabolic conditions
  • Chapter 44: Epilepsy
  • Medical management of epilepsy
  • Management of a tonic–clonic seizure
  • Monitoring a child with epilepsy
  • Living with epilepsy
  • Chapter 45: Cerebral palsy
  • Management of cerebral palsy
  • Therapy
  • Orthopaedic problems
  • Nutrition
  • Growing up with cerebral palsy
  • Part 10: Musculoskeletal disorders
  • Chapter 46: Swollen joints
  • Chapter 47: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
  • Chapter 48: Leg pain and limp
  • Chapter 49: Common childhood skeletal problems
  • Part 11: Blood disorders
  • Chapter 50: Anaemia and thrombocytopenia
  • Iron deficiency anaemia
  • Thalassaemia
  • Sickle-cell anaemia
  • Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)
  • Chapter 51: Jaundice
  • Jaundice and liver disease in the newborn
  • Liver disease in older children
  • Chapter 52: Leukaemia and childhood cancer
  • Acute leukaemia
  • Short-term side effects of treatment
  • Late sequelae of treatment
  • Part 12: Skin disorders
  • Chapter 53: Rashes—types of skin lesions
  • Chapter 54: Rashes—infancy and congenital
  • Chapter 55: Rashes—infections and infestations
  • Chapter 56: Rashes—common inflammatory disorders
  • Chapter 57: Allergy
  • Atopic disease
  • Eczema
  • Asthma
  • Allergic rhinitis
  • Allergic conjunctivitis
  • Food allergy
  • Urticaria, angioedema and anaphylaxis
  • Part 13: Emergency paediatrics
  • Chapter 58: Assessing the acutely ill child
  • Respiratory failure
  • Acute upper airway obstruction
  • Septic shock
  • Neurological warning signs
  • Chapter 59: The collapsed child
  • Collapse and cardiorespiratory arrest
  • Establishing an airway and artificial ventilation
  • Choking
  • External cardiac massage
  • Focal points for the assessment of the collapsed child
  • Chapter 60: The unconscious child
  • Coma
  • Meningitis
  • Encephalitis
  • Metabolic causes of coma
  • Reye's syndrome
  • Unexplained coma
  • Chapter 61: The fitting child
  • Generalized convulsions
  • Febrile convulsions
  • Management of the fitting child
  • Status epilepticus
  • Chapter 62: Injuries and burns
  • Chapter 63: Poisoning
  • Part 14: Child health in the community
  • Chapter 64: Living with a chronic illness
  • The effect of chronic illness on the child
  • The effect of chronic illness on the family
  • The paediatric care of children with long-term medical conditions
  • Involvement with school
  • Chapter 65: Living with a disability
  • How disability presents?
  • Assessment and diagnosis of a child with a disability
  • Paediatric care
  • Provision of services
  • The child with special educational needs
  • Chapter 66: Learning disability and autism
  • Paediatric management
  • Growing up with learning disability
  • Down's syndrome (trisomy 21)
  • Fragile X
  • Autistic spectrum disorders
  • Chapter 67: Visual and hearing impairment
  • Visual impairment
  • Hearing impairment
  • Chapter 68: Neglect and abuse
  • Overview
  • How does child abuse present?
  • Physical abuse
  • Neglect
  • Neglect and failure to thrive
  • Emotional abuse
  • Sexual abuse
  • Child sexual exploitation
  • Factitious or fabricated illness
  • Medical investigation
  • The safeguarding process
  • Chapter 69: Adolescent issues
  • Adolescent harmful health behaviours
  • Sexual health issues
  • Chapter 70: Sudden infant death
  • Acute life-threatening events and SIDS
  • Acute life-threatening events
  • Chapter 71: Ethics, research and consent
  • Research and evidence-based medicine
  • Chapter 72: Palliative and end-of-life care
  • Referral to palliative care services
  • Hospices
  • Symptom management
  • Pain
  • Feeding
  • Psychological and spiritual aspects of care
  • End-of-life care and bereavement
  • After death