Infectious Diseases: A Geographic Guide

Editor/Author Petersen, Esklid, Chen, Lin H. and Schlagenhauf-Lawlor, Patricia
Publication Year: 2017
Publisher: Wiley

Single-User Purchase Price: $110.00
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: $165.00
ISBN: 978-1-119-08572-0
Category: Health & Medicine - Medicine
Image Count: 38
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

The second edition of this concise and practical guide describes infections in geographical areas and provides information on disease risk, concomitant infections (such as co-prevalence of HIV and tuberculosis) and emerging bacterial, viral and parasitic infections in a given geographical area of the world.

Share this

Table of Contents

    • List of contributors
    • Foreword to the first edition
    • Foreword to the second edition
    • Preface
    • Envoi
    • Chapter 1: Historical overview of global infectious diseases and geopolitics
    • Introduction
    • The Near East and North Africa
    • Europe
    • The Americas
    • Australasia
    • Sub‐Saharan Africa
    • South Asia
    • East Asia
    • Conclusion
    • References
    • Chapter 2: Nontraditional infectious diseases surveillance systems
    • Introduction: informal internet sources for the surveillance of emerging infectious diseases
    • HealthMap
    • Infectious disease surveillance in travelers and migrants
    • One health
    • Regional ProMED networks
    • Effectiveness of informal‐source surveillance
    • Mobile technologies
    • Conclusion
    • References
    • Chapter 3: Air travel − which infectious disease control measures are worthwhile?
    • Introduction
    • Measles
    • Rubella
    • Enteric diseases
    • Travel‐specific behaviors for preventing disease
    • Universal disease control behaviors
    • Role of healthcare providers and healthcare workers
    • Health facility infection control measures
    • Airline responsibilities
    • Large‐scale infectious disease control measures
    • Recommendations
    • References
    • Chapter 4: Infectious illnesses on cruise and cargo ships
    • Introduction and background
    • Influenza
    • Acute gastroenteritis
    • Vaccine‐preventable diseases
    • Meningococcal disease
    • Legionnaires’ disease
    • Vectorborne diseases
    • Ciguatera
    • References
    • Chapter 5: Microbes on the move
    • Prevention of disease in travellers
    • Protection of travelers and destination populations
    • Yellow fever
    • Imported disease
    • Curtailment of disease
    • New times, new requirements
    • Conclusion
    • References
    • Chapter 6: Diagnostic tests and procedures
    • Understanding diagnostic tests
    • Is a result positive or not?
    • Validation of diagnostic tests
    • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis
    • Ear, nose, and throat
    • Pulmonary infections
    • Cardiac infections
    • Gastrointestinal infections
    • Hepatobiliary infections
    • Upper and lower urinary tract infections
    • Sexually transmitted diseases and other genital infections
    • Joint, muscle, skin, and soft tissue infections
    • Rash
    • Fever without focal symptoms
    • Zika virus infection
    • Malaria
    • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
    • Diagnostics in areas with limited resources
    • References
    • Chapter 7: Central Africa
    • Dominating the picture: HIV and tuberculosis
    • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis
    • Ear, nose, throat, and upper respiratory tract infections
    • Cardiopulmonary infections
    • Gastrointestinal infections
    • Infections of liver, spleen, peritoneum
    • Genitourinary infections
    • Infections of joints, muscle, and soft tissue
    • Infections of skin and soft tissues
    • Lymphadenopathy
    • Fever without focal symptoms
    • Eosinophilia
    • Children
    • Antibiotic resistance
    • Demographic data
    • References
    • Chapter 8: East Africa
    • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis
    • Ear, nose, and throat infections
    • Cardiopulmonary infections
    • Gastrointestinal infections
    • Infections of liver, spleen, peritoneum
    • Genitourinary infections
    • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
    • Skin infections
    • Adenopathy
    • Fever without focal symptoms
    • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
    • Antibiotic resistance
    • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
    • Basic economic and demographic data
    • References
    • Chapter 9: Eastern Africa
    • Parasites
    • Malaria transmission in Eastern Africa
    • Virus
    • Bacteria
    • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis, and other infections with neurological symptoms
    • Ear, nose, and throat infections
    • Cardiopulmonary infections
    • Gastrointestinal infections
    • Infections of liver, spleen, peritoneum
    • Genitourinary infections
    • Joint and muscle infections
    • Skin infections
    • Adenopathy
    • Fever without focal symptoms
    • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
    • Antibiotic resistance
    • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
    • Basic economic and demographic data
    • Cause of death in children under five expressed as % of the total number of deaths
    • Top ten causes of deaths all ages expressed as % of the total number of deaths
    • References
    • Chapter 10: North Africa
    • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis
    • Ear, nose, and throat infections
    • Cardiopulmonary infections
    • Gastrointestinal infections
    • Infections of liver, spleen, and peritoneum
    • Genitourinary infections
    • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
    • Skin infections
    • Adenopathy
    • Fever without focal symptoms
    • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
    • Antibiotic resistance
    • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
    • Basic economic and demographic data
    • Causes of death in children underfive. Regional average
    • Most common causes of deaths all ages in three countries selected for a low (Sudan), middle (Morocco), and high (Libya) regional GNI per capita
    • References
    • Chapter 11: Southern Africa
    • Acute infections within four weeks of exposure
    • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis, and other infections with neurological symptoms
    • Ear, nose, and throat infections
    • Cardiopulmonary infections
    • Gastrointestinal infections
    • Genitourinary infections
    • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
    • Skin infections
    • Adenopathy
    • Adenopathy of more than four weeks duration and in the immunocompromised host
    • Fever without focal symptoms
    • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
    • Antibiotic resistance
    • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
    • Basic economic and demographic data
    • Cause of death in children under five expressed as % of the total number of deaths
    • Top ten causes of deaths all ages in 2002, expressed as % of the total
    • References
    • Chapter 12: West Africa
    • Viral hemorrhagic fever
    • Malaria
    • Pregnancy‐associated malaria
    • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis
    • Ear, nose, throat, and upper respiratory tract infections
    • Cardiopulmonary infections
    • Gastrointestinal infections
    • Infections of liver, spleen, peritoneum
    • Genitourinary infections
    • Infections of bone, joints, and muscles
    • Infections of skin and soft tissues
    • Lymphadenopathy
    • Fever without focal symptoms
    • Eosinophilia
    • Antibiotic resistance
    • Children
    • References
    • Chapter 13: East Asia
    • Acute infections within four weeks of exposure
    • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis, and other infections with neurological symptoms
    • Ear, nose, and throat infections
    • Cardiopulmonary infections
    • Gastrointestinal infections
    • Infections of liver, spleen, and peritoneum
    • Genitourinary infections
    • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
    • Skin infections
    • Adenopathy
    • Fever without focal symptoms
    • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
    • Antibiotic resistance
    • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
    • Basic economic and demographic data
    • Causes of death in children under five. Regional average
    • Most common causes of deaths in all ages in Mongolia, China, and Japan
    • References
    • Chapter 14: South Central Asia
    • Important regional infections within four weeks of exposure
    • CNS infections: meningitis and encephalitis
    • Ear, nose, and throat infections
    • Cardiopulmonary infections
    • Gastrointestinal infections
    • Genitourinary infections
    • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
    • Skin infections
    • Adenopathy
    • Fever without focal symptoms
    • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
    • Antibiotic resistance
    • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
    • Basic economic and demographic data
    • Most common causes of deaths in all ages in the countries of the region (%)
    • References
    • Chapter 15: South‐east Asia
    • Important regional infections within four weeks of exposure
    • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis, and encephalopathy
    • Ear, nose, and throat infections
    • Cardiopulmonary infections
    • Gastrointestinal infections
    • Genitourinary infections
    • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
    • Skin infections
    • Adenopathy
    • Fever without focal symptoms
    • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
    • Antibiotic resistance
    • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
    • Basic economic and demographic data
    • Causes of death in children underfive in SEA. Regional average
    • Ten most common causes of deaths all ages in three countries of SEA
    • References
    • Chapter 16: Western Asia and the Middle East
    • Vector‐borne diseases
    • Hemorrhagic fever virus
    • Soil‐ and water‐associated diseases
    • Zoonotic infections
    • Hajj – medical aspects
    • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis
    • Ear, nose, and throat infections
    • Cardiopulmonary infections
    • Gastrointestinal infections
    • Infections of liver, spleen, and peritoneum
    • Genitourinary infections
    • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
    • Skin infections
    • Adenopathy
    • Fever without focal symptoms
    • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
    • Antibiotic resistance
    • Basic economic and demographic data
    • Causes of death in children under five in Yemen, Armenia, and Saudi Arabia
    • References
    • Chapter 17: Eastern Europe
    • Bacterial infections
    • Virus infections
    • Parasite infections (protozoans and helminths)
    • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis
    • Ear, nose, and throat infections
    • Cardiopulmonary infections
    • Gastrointestinal infections
    • Genitourinary infections
    • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
    • Skin infections
    • Adenopathy
    • Fever without focal symptoms
    • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
    • Antibiotic resistance
    • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
    • Basic economic and demographic data
    • Causes of death in children underfive. Regional average
    • Ten most common causes of deaths all ages in Moldova, Russian Federation, and Czech Republic
    • References
    • Chapter 18: Northern Europe
    • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis
    • Ear, nose, and throat infections
    • Cardiopulmonary infections
    • Gastrointestinal infections
    • Hepatobiliary infections
    • Genitourinary infections
    • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
    • Skin infections
    • Adenopathy
    • Fever without focal symptoms
    • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
    • Antibiotic resistance
    • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
    • Basic economic and demographic data
    • Causes of death in children underfive. Regional average
    • Ten most common causes of deaths all ages in three countries selected for a regional low (Latvia), middle (Iceland), and high (Norway) gross national income per capita
    • References
    • Chapter 19: Southern Europe
    • Infectious diseases with incubation periods shorter than four weeks
    • Infectious diseases with incubation periods longer than four weeks
    • Antibiotic resistance
    • Vaccine‐preventable diseases
    • References
    • Chapter 20: Western Europe
    • Introduction
    • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis, and other infections with neurological symptoms
    • Ear, nose, and throat infections
    • Cardiopulmonary infections
    • Gastrointestinal infections
    • Infections of the liver
    • Genitourinary infections
    • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
    • Skin infections
    • Adenopathy
    • Fever without focal symptoms
    • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
    • Antibiotic resistance
    • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
    • Basic economic and demographic data
    • Causes of death in children under‐five. Regional average
    • Ten most common causes of deaths all ages in Western Europe
    • References
    • Chapter 21: The Caribbean
    • Important regional infections
    • CNS infections acquired in the Caribbean region
    • Ear, nose, and throat infections
    • Cardiopulmonary infections
    • Gastrointestinal infections
    • Infections of liver, spleen, and peritoneum
    • Genitourinary infections
    • Musculoskeletal infections
    • Skin infections
    • Adenopathy
    • Fever without focal symptoms
    • Eosinophilia
    • Economic and demographic data for Caribbean countries
    • References
    • Chapter 22: Central America
    • Bacterial infections
    • Viral infections
    • Parasitic infections
    • Fungal infections
    • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis, and neurological syndromes
    • Ear, nose, and throat infections
    • Cardiopulmonary infections
    • Gastrointestinal infections
    • Infections of liver, spleen, and peritoneum
    • Genitourinary infections
    • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
    • Skin infections
    • Adenopathy
    • Fever without focal symptoms
    • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
    • Antibiotic resistance
    • Vaccine‐preventable infections in children
    • Basic economic and demographic data, 2015 [16–18]
    • Top 10 causes of deaths, all ages [16–18]
    • References
    • Chapter 23: South America
    • South America travel and travelers
    • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis
    • Ear, nose, and throat infections
    • Cardiopulmonary infections
    • Gastrointestinal infections
    • Genitourinary infections
    • Joint, muscle, skin, and soft tissue infections
    • Adenopathy
    • Fever without focal symptoms
    • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
    • Hemorrhagic and icterohemorrhagic fever
    • Selected endemic tropical infections in South America
    • Special considerations: malaria
    • Antibiotic resistance
    • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
    • Basic economic and demographic data, 2014 – II
    • Causes of death in children under‐five
    • All top ten causes of deaths all ages in three countries elected for a low (Guyana), middle (Bolivia) and high (Brazil) BNI per capita
    • References
    • Chapter 24: Northern America
    • Acute infections within four weeks of exposure
    • Diversity within the region: important regional infections with particular exposures
    • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis, and other infections with neurological symptoms
    • Ear, nose, and throat infections
    • Cardiopulmonary infections
    • Gastrointestinal infections
    • Infections of liver, spleen, and peritoneum
    • Genitourinary infections
    • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
    • Skin infections
    • Adenopathy
    • Fever with nonspecific complaints
    • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
    • Antibiotic resistance
    • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
    • Basic economic and demographic data
    • Causes of death in children under five
    • Top 10 causes of deaths all ages
    • References
    • Chapter 25: Australia, New Zealand
    • Bacterial and mycobacterial infections
    • Viral infections
    • Parasite infections
    • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis, and other infections with neurological symptoms
    • Ear, nose, and throat infections
    • Cardiopulmonary infections
    • Gastrointestinal infections
    • Infections of liver, spleen, and peritoneum
    • Genitourinary infections
    • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
    • Skin infections
    • Adenopathy
    • Fever without focal symptoms
    • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
    • Antibiotic resistance
    • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
    • Basic economic and demographic data
    • Causes of death in children under five in Australia
    • Most common causes of deaths all ages in Australia
    • References
    • Chapter 26: Oceania
    • Bacterial and mycobacterial infections
    • Viral infections
    • Parasite infections
    • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis, and other infections with neurological symptoms
    • Ear, nose, and throat infections
    • Cardiopulmonary infections
    • Gastrointestinal infections
    • Infections of liver, spleen, and peritoneum
    • Genitourinary infections
    • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
    • Skin infections
    • Adenopathy
    • Fever without focal symptoms
    • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
    • Antibiotic resistance
    • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
    • Basic economic and demographic data
    • Causes of death in children underfive in Papua New Guinea and Fiji
    • Most common causes of deaths all ages in Papua New Guinea and Fiji
    • References
    • Chapter 27: Arctic and Antarctica
    • The regions
    • Risk for travelers
    • Important infections in the Arctic [1]
    • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis, and other infections with neurological symptoms
    • Ear, nose, and throat infections
    • Cardiopulmonary infections
    • Gastrointestinal infections
    • Infections of liver, spleen, and peritoneum
    • Genitourinary infections
    • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
    • Skin infections
    • Adenopathy
    • Fever without focal symptoms
    • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
    • Antibiotic resistance
    • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
    • Basic economic and demographic data. No separate figures for Antarctica
    • Most common causes of deaths all ages in Greenland, Canada, and Alaska
    • References
    • Chapter 28: The immunosuppressed patient
    • Introduction
    • Approach to the patient
    • Geographic distribution of opportunistic infections
    • Bacteria
    • Fungi
    • Viral infections
    • Conclusion
    • Case study, adapted from Hart et al [204]
    • References
    • Chapter 29: Emerging infections
    • Introduction
    • Major global trends
    • Travel, trade and migration
    • SARS and MERS
    • Monkeypox
    • Chikungunya virus
    • Aedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)
    • Zika virus
    • Food‐borne infections
    • Conclusions
    • References
    • Chapter 30: Migration and the geography of disease
    • Migration and infectious diseases
    • Vaccine‐preventable diseases
    • Tuberculosis
    • HIV infection
    • Chagas’ disease (American trypanosomiasis)
    • References
    • Chapter 31: Climate change and the geographical distribution of infectious diseases
    • Introduction
    • Mechanisms for climate‐induced change in infectious disease incidence
    • The context: human actions and disease emergence
    • Human‐induced climate change
    • A framework for understanding the relation of climate and disease
    • The present: climate–disease relations
    • The future: projections for infectious disease incidence
    • Conclusion
    • References
    • List of abbreviations