Infectious Diseases: A Geographic Guide

Editor/Author Petersen, Esklid, Chen, Lin H. and Schlagenhauf-Lawlor, Patricia
Publication Year: 2017
Publisher: Wiley

Single-User Purchase Price: $110.00
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: $165.00
ISBN: 978-1-119-08572-0
Category: Health & Medicine - Medicine
Image Count: 38
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

The second edition of this concise and practical guide describes infections in geographical areas and provides information on disease risk, concomitant infections (such as co-prevalence of HIV and tuberculosis) and emerging bacterial, viral and parasitic infections in a given geographical area of the world.

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Table of Contents

  • List of contributors
  • Foreword to the first edition
  • Foreword to the second edition
  • Preface
  • Envoi
  • Chapter 1: Historical overview of global infectious diseases and geopolitics
  • Introduction
  • The Near East and North Africa
  • Europe
  • The Americas
  • Australasia
  • Sub‐Saharan Africa
  • South Asia
  • East Asia
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 2: Nontraditional infectious diseases surveillance systems
  • Introduction: informal internet sources for the surveillance of emerging infectious diseases
  • HealthMap
  • Infectious disease surveillance in travelers and migrants
  • One health
  • Regional ProMED networks
  • Effectiveness of informal‐source surveillance
  • Mobile technologies
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 3: Air travel − which infectious disease control measures are worthwhile?
  • Introduction
  • Measles
  • Rubella
  • Enteric diseases
  • Travel‐specific behaviors for preventing disease
  • Universal disease control behaviors
  • Role of healthcare providers and healthcare workers
  • Health facility infection control measures
  • Airline responsibilities
  • Large‐scale infectious disease control measures
  • Recommendations
  • References
  • Chapter 4: Infectious illnesses on cruise and cargo ships
  • Introduction and background
  • Influenza
  • Acute gastroenteritis
  • Vaccine‐preventable diseases
  • Meningococcal disease
  • Legionnaires’ disease
  • Vectorborne diseases
  • Ciguatera
  • References
  • Chapter 5: Microbes on the move
  • Prevention of disease in travellers
  • Protection of travelers and destination populations
  • Yellow fever
  • Imported disease
  • Curtailment of disease
  • New times, new requirements
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 6: Diagnostic tests and procedures
  • Understanding diagnostic tests
  • Is a result positive or not?
  • Validation of diagnostic tests
  • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis
  • Ear, nose, and throat
  • Pulmonary infections
  • Cardiac infections
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Hepatobiliary infections
  • Upper and lower urinary tract infections
  • Sexually transmitted diseases and other genital infections
  • Joint, muscle, skin, and soft tissue infections
  • Rash
  • Fever without focal symptoms
  • Zika virus infection
  • Malaria
  • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
  • Diagnostics in areas with limited resources
  • References
  • Chapter 7: Central Africa
  • Dominating the picture: HIV and tuberculosis
  • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis
  • Ear, nose, throat, and upper respiratory tract infections
  • Cardiopulmonary infections
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Infections of liver, spleen, peritoneum
  • Genitourinary infections
  • Infections of joints, muscle, and soft tissue
  • Infections of skin and soft tissues
  • Lymphadenopathy
  • Fever without focal symptoms
  • Eosinophilia
  • Children
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Demographic data
  • References
  • Chapter 8: East Africa
  • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis
  • Ear, nose, and throat infections
  • Cardiopulmonary infections
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Infections of liver, spleen, peritoneum
  • Genitourinary infections
  • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
  • Skin infections
  • Adenopathy
  • Fever without focal symptoms
  • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
  • Basic economic and demographic data
  • References
  • Chapter 9: Eastern Africa
  • Parasites
  • Malaria transmission in Eastern Africa
  • Virus
  • Bacteria
  • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis, and other infections with neurological symptoms
  • Ear, nose, and throat infections
  • Cardiopulmonary infections
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Infections of liver, spleen, peritoneum
  • Genitourinary infections
  • Joint and muscle infections
  • Skin infections
  • Adenopathy
  • Fever without focal symptoms
  • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
  • Basic economic and demographic data
  • Cause of death in children under five expressed as % of the total number of deaths
  • Top ten causes of deaths all ages expressed as % of the total number of deaths
  • References
  • Chapter 10: North Africa
  • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis
  • Ear, nose, and throat infections
  • Cardiopulmonary infections
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Infections of liver, spleen, and peritoneum
  • Genitourinary infections
  • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
  • Skin infections
  • Adenopathy
  • Fever without focal symptoms
  • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
  • Basic economic and demographic data
  • Causes of death in children underfive. Regional average
  • Most common causes of deaths all ages in three countries selected for a low (Sudan), middle (Morocco), and high (Libya) regional GNI per capita
  • References
  • Chapter 11: Southern Africa
  • Acute infections within four weeks of exposure
  • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis, and other infections with neurological symptoms
  • Ear, nose, and throat infections
  • Cardiopulmonary infections
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Genitourinary infections
  • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
  • Skin infections
  • Adenopathy
  • Adenopathy of more than four weeks duration and in the immunocompromised host
  • Fever without focal symptoms
  • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
  • Basic economic and demographic data
  • Cause of death in children under five expressed as % of the total number of deaths
  • Top ten causes of deaths all ages in 2002, expressed as % of the total
  • References
  • Chapter 12: West Africa
  • Viral hemorrhagic fever
  • Malaria
  • Pregnancy‐associated malaria
  • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis
  • Ear, nose, throat, and upper respiratory tract infections
  • Cardiopulmonary infections
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Infections of liver, spleen, peritoneum
  • Genitourinary infections
  • Infections of bone, joints, and muscles
  • Infections of skin and soft tissues
  • Lymphadenopathy
  • Fever without focal symptoms
  • Eosinophilia
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Children
  • References
  • Chapter 13: East Asia
  • Acute infections within four weeks of exposure
  • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis, and other infections with neurological symptoms
  • Ear, nose, and throat infections
  • Cardiopulmonary infections
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Infections of liver, spleen, and peritoneum
  • Genitourinary infections
  • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
  • Skin infections
  • Adenopathy
  • Fever without focal symptoms
  • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
  • Basic economic and demographic data
  • Causes of death in children under five. Regional average
  • Most common causes of deaths in all ages in Mongolia, China, and Japan
  • References
  • Chapter 14: South Central Asia
  • Important regional infections within four weeks of exposure
  • CNS infections: meningitis and encephalitis
  • Ear, nose, and throat infections
  • Cardiopulmonary infections
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Genitourinary infections
  • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
  • Skin infections
  • Adenopathy
  • Fever without focal symptoms
  • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
  • Basic economic and demographic data
  • Most common causes of deaths in all ages in the countries of the region (%)
  • References
  • Chapter 15: South‐east Asia
  • Important regional infections within four weeks of exposure
  • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis, and encephalopathy
  • Ear, nose, and throat infections
  • Cardiopulmonary infections
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Genitourinary infections
  • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
  • Skin infections
  • Adenopathy
  • Fever without focal symptoms
  • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
  • Basic economic and demographic data
  • Causes of death in children underfive in SEA. Regional average
  • Ten most common causes of deaths all ages in three countries of SEA
  • References
  • Chapter 16: Western Asia and the Middle East
  • Vector‐borne diseases
  • Hemorrhagic fever virus
  • Soil‐ and water‐associated diseases
  • Zoonotic infections
  • Hajj – medical aspects
  • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis
  • Ear, nose, and throat infections
  • Cardiopulmonary infections
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Infections of liver, spleen, and peritoneum
  • Genitourinary infections
  • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
  • Skin infections
  • Adenopathy
  • Fever without focal symptoms
  • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Basic economic and demographic data
  • Causes of death in children under five in Yemen, Armenia, and Saudi Arabia
  • References
  • Chapter 17: Eastern Europe
  • Bacterial infections
  • Virus infections
  • Parasite infections (protozoans and helminths)
  • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis
  • Ear, nose, and throat infections
  • Cardiopulmonary infections
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Genitourinary infections
  • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
  • Skin infections
  • Adenopathy
  • Fever without focal symptoms
  • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
  • Basic economic and demographic data
  • Causes of death in children underfive. Regional average
  • Ten most common causes of deaths all ages in Moldova, Russian Federation, and Czech Republic
  • References
  • Chapter 18: Northern Europe
  • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis
  • Ear, nose, and throat infections
  • Cardiopulmonary infections
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Hepatobiliary infections
  • Genitourinary infections
  • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
  • Skin infections
  • Adenopathy
  • Fever without focal symptoms
  • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
  • Basic economic and demographic data
  • Causes of death in children underfive. Regional average
  • Ten most common causes of deaths all ages in three countries selected for a regional low (Latvia), middle (Iceland), and high (Norway) gross national income per capita
  • References
  • Chapter 19: Southern Europe
  • Infectious diseases with incubation periods shorter than four weeks
  • Infectious diseases with incubation periods longer than four weeks
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Vaccine‐preventable diseases
  • References
  • Chapter 20: Western Europe
  • Introduction
  • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis, and other infections with neurological symptoms
  • Ear, nose, and throat infections
  • Cardiopulmonary infections
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Infections of the liver
  • Genitourinary infections
  • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
  • Skin infections
  • Adenopathy
  • Fever without focal symptoms
  • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
  • Basic economic and demographic data
  • Causes of death in children under‐five. Regional average
  • Ten most common causes of deaths all ages in Western Europe
  • References
  • Chapter 21: The Caribbean
  • Important regional infections
  • CNS infections acquired in the Caribbean region
  • Ear, nose, and throat infections
  • Cardiopulmonary infections
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Infections of liver, spleen, and peritoneum
  • Genitourinary infections
  • Musculoskeletal infections
  • Skin infections
  • Adenopathy
  • Fever without focal symptoms
  • Eosinophilia
  • Economic and demographic data for Caribbean countries
  • References
  • Chapter 22: Central America
  • Bacterial infections
  • Viral infections
  • Parasitic infections
  • Fungal infections
  • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis, and neurological syndromes
  • Ear, nose, and throat infections
  • Cardiopulmonary infections
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Infections of liver, spleen, and peritoneum
  • Genitourinary infections
  • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
  • Skin infections
  • Adenopathy
  • Fever without focal symptoms
  • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Vaccine‐preventable infections in children
  • Basic economic and demographic data, 2015 [16–18]
  • Top 10 causes of deaths, all ages [16–18]
  • References
  • Chapter 23: South America
  • South America travel and travelers
  • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis
  • Ear, nose, and throat infections
  • Cardiopulmonary infections
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Genitourinary infections
  • Joint, muscle, skin, and soft tissue infections
  • Adenopathy
  • Fever without focal symptoms
  • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
  • Hemorrhagic and icterohemorrhagic fever
  • Selected endemic tropical infections in South America
  • Special considerations: malaria
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
  • Basic economic and demographic data, 2014 – II
  • Causes of death in children under‐five
  • All top ten causes of deaths all ages in three countries elected for a low (Guyana), middle (Bolivia) and high (Brazil) BNI per capita
  • References
  • Chapter 24: Northern America
  • Acute infections within four weeks of exposure
  • Diversity within the region: important regional infections with particular exposures
  • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis, and other infections with neurological symptoms
  • Ear, nose, and throat infections
  • Cardiopulmonary infections
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Infections of liver, spleen, and peritoneum
  • Genitourinary infections
  • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
  • Skin infections
  • Adenopathy
  • Fever with nonspecific complaints
  • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
  • Basic economic and demographic data
  • Causes of death in children under five
  • Top 10 causes of deaths all ages
  • References
  • Chapter 25: Australia, New Zealand
  • Bacterial and mycobacterial infections
  • Viral infections
  • Parasite infections
  • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis, and other infections with neurological symptoms
  • Ear, nose, and throat infections
  • Cardiopulmonary infections
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Infections of liver, spleen, and peritoneum
  • Genitourinary infections
  • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
  • Skin infections
  • Adenopathy
  • Fever without focal symptoms
  • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
  • Basic economic and demographic data
  • Causes of death in children under five in Australia
  • Most common causes of deaths all ages in Australia
  • References
  • Chapter 26: Oceania
  • Bacterial and mycobacterial infections
  • Viral infections
  • Parasite infections
  • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis, and other infections with neurological symptoms
  • Ear, nose, and throat infections
  • Cardiopulmonary infections
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Infections of liver, spleen, and peritoneum
  • Genitourinary infections
  • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
  • Skin infections
  • Adenopathy
  • Fever without focal symptoms
  • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
  • Basic economic and demographic data
  • Causes of death in children underfive in Papua New Guinea and Fiji
  • Most common causes of deaths all ages in Papua New Guinea and Fiji
  • References
  • Chapter 27: Arctic and Antarctica
  • The regions
  • Risk for travelers
  • Important infections in the Arctic [1]
  • CNS infections: meningitis, encephalitis, and other infections with neurological symptoms
  • Ear, nose, and throat infections
  • Cardiopulmonary infections
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Infections of liver, spleen, and peritoneum
  • Genitourinary infections
  • Joint, muscle, and soft tissue infections
  • Skin infections
  • Adenopathy
  • Fever without focal symptoms
  • Eosinophilia and elevated IgE
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Vaccine‐preventable diseases in children
  • Basic economic and demographic data. No separate figures for Antarctica
  • Most common causes of deaths all ages in Greenland, Canada, and Alaska
  • References
  • Chapter 28: The immunosuppressed patient
  • Introduction
  • Approach to the patient
  • Geographic distribution of opportunistic infections
  • Bacteria
  • Fungi
  • Viral infections
  • Conclusion
  • Case study, adapted from Hart et al [204]
  • References
  • Chapter 29: Emerging infections
  • Introduction
  • Major global trends
  • Travel, trade and migration
  • SARS and MERS
  • Monkeypox
  • Chikungunya virus
  • Aedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)
  • Zika virus
  • Food‐borne infections
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 30: Migration and the geography of disease
  • Migration and infectious diseases
  • Vaccine‐preventable diseases
  • Tuberculosis
  • HIV infection
  • Chagas’ disease (American trypanosomiasis)
  • References
  • Chapter 31: Climate change and the geographical distribution of infectious diseases
  • Introduction
  • Mechanisms for climate‐induced change in infectious disease incidence
  • The context: human actions and disease emergence
  • Human‐induced climate change
  • A framework for understanding the relation of climate and disease
  • The present: climate–disease relations
  • The future: projections for infectious disease incidence
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • List of abbreviations