Dentistry at a Glance

Editor/Author Kay, Elizabeth
Publication Year: 2016
Publisher: Wiley

Single-User Purchase Price: $55.00
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: $82.50
ISBN: 978-1-118-62952-9
Category: Health & Medicine - Dentistry
Image Count: 505
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

A fully illustrated, concise and accessible introduction to the study of dentistry.

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Table of Contents

  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgements
  • Part 1: Introduction
  • Chapter 1: Principles of dental practice
  • The key principles
  • The purpose of dental practice in more detail
  • The key points
  • Chapter 2: Patient confidentiality
  • Secondary information
  • Permission
  • Exceptions
  • Privacy and security
  • Responsibility and accountability
  • Chapter 3: Record keeping
  • Why keep records?
  • Think record, not record card
  • Communication
  • Authenticity
  • Chapter 4: Consent
  • Three dimensions
  • Preliminary considerations
  • The consent process
  • Summary
  • Chapter 5: Communication with patients
  • Providing structure
  • Building the relationship
  • The consultation
  • Summary
  • Chapter 6: History taking
  • Greeting the patient
  • Communication skills
  • Presenting complaint
  • History of presenting complaint
  • Chapter 7: Past medical history
  • The importance of the medical history
  • Cardiovascular problems
  • Diabetes
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Fainting, blackouts and epilepsy
  • Allergies
  • Hospitalisation and operations
  • Current medication
  • Respiratory disorders
  • Pregnancy
  • Other infectious diseases – HIV and hepatitis
  • Chapter 8: Equipment and operating positions
  • Surgery equipment
  • Operating positions
  • Chapter 9: Cross-infection control
  • Personal protection
  • Decontamination, sterilisation and disinfection
  • Clinical waste
  • Chapter 10: Examination of the mouth
  • Collecting the patient
  • Introductions
  • Dentist and nurse positioning
  • Instrument positioning
  • Posture
  • Lighting
  • Chapter 11: Special tests
  • Vitality testing
  • Visual examination
  • Percussive testing
  • Cold testing
  • Electrical pulp testing
  • Tooth Sleuth™
  • Heat testing
  • Other sensitivity tests
  • Summary
  • Chapter 12: Reading and reporting radiographs
  • Reading radiographs
  • Reporting radiographs
  • Quality assurance
  • Chapter 13: Diagnostic ‘surgical sieve’
  • Special investigations
  • Chapter 14: Charting the oral cavity
  • Oral mucosa
  • Charting the teeth
  • Chapter 15: Charting the oral cavity
  • Periodontal screening
  • Plaque and bleeding indices
  • Full periodontal assessment
  • Chapter 16: Treatment planning
  • Defining the patient's problem
  • Gather information
  • Diagnose disease
  • Enumerate the options
  • Evaluate the options
  • Select and implement the best option
  • Rational decision making
  • Part 2: Clinical presentations
  • Medical emergencies
  • Chapter 17: Sudden loss of consciousness
  • A Airway
  • B Breathing
  • C Circulation
  • D Neurological disability
  • E Exposure (everything else)
  • R Repeat
  • Chapter 18: Acute chest pain and cardiac arrest
  • Procedure for adults in cardiac arrest
  • Procedure for children and infants in cardiac arrest
  • Chapter 19: Difficulty breathing
  • Asthma
  • Anaphylaxis
  • Hyperventilation
  • Chapter 20: Convulsions and choking
  • Epilepsy
  • Choking
  • Chapter 21: Other emergencies
  • Fainting
  • Hypoglycaemia
  • Adrenal insufficiency
  • Prevention of dental diseases
  • Chapter 22: Caries prevention
  • Caries control
  • The dental team
  • The public health approach
  • Chapter 23: Plaque reduction
  • Mechanical
  • Chemical plaque reduction
  • Chapter 24: Prevention of periodontal disease
  • Microbial complexes
  • Primary prevention
  • Secondary prevention
  • Smoking
  • Local factors
  • Other measures
  • Challenges
  • Chapter 25: Prevention of dental trauma
  • Aetiology of dental trauma
  • Categorising preventive strategies
  • The role of the dental team in the prevention of dental trauma
  • Teeth and disease of tooth hard tissue
  • Chapter 26: The ‘normal’ dentitions
  • The deciduous dentition
  • Eruption of permanent teeth
  • Chapter 27: Variations in the number of teeth
  • Decreased number of teeth – hypodontia
  • Increased number of teeth – hyperdontia
  • Chapter 28: Variations in tooth morphology
  • Morphological anomalies
  • Double tooth
  • Dilaceration
  • Dens evaginatus
  • Talon cusp
  • Chapter 29: Enamel and dentine defects
  • Dentine defects
  • Developmental defects of enamel
  • Chapter 30: Fluorosis
  • Chapter 31: Tooth eruption and exfoliation
  • Tooth eruption
  • Exfoliation of primary teeth
  • Chapter 32: Caries
  • What happens?
  • Dentine reactions to enamel lesions
  • Lesion progression
  • Pulp reaction
  • Microbiology of caries
  • Summary
  • Chapter 33: Tooth wear
  • Prevention is paramount
  • Epidemiology
  • Aetiology
  • Pathophysiology
  • Clinical features
  • Investigations
  • Prevention
  • Restorative treatment
  • The structures supporting teeth and disease
  • Chapter 34: The normal gingivae
  • Chapter 35: The periodontal ligament
  • Chapter 36: Dental plaque and calculus
  • Plaque formation
  • Specific bacterial species and periodontitis
  • Chapter 37: Diseases of the gingivae and periodontium
  • Intracoronal restorations of teeth
  • Chapter 38: Properties of tooth tissue
  • Enamel
  • Dentine
  • Pulp
  • Cementum
  • Chapter 39: Local anaesthesia for tooth restoration
  • Armamentarium
  • Choice of local anaesthetic solution
  • Clinical techniques for anaesthetising teeth for restorative treatment
  • Chapter 40: Tooth isolation
  • Aspiration
  • Cotton wool rolls and cellulose pads
  • Rubber dam
  • Chapter 41: Cavity preparation
  • General principles
  • Preparation techniques
  • Material-specific cavity features
  • Chapter 42: Cavity liners and conditioners
  • Pulp protection
  • Pulp protection materials
  • Cavity conditioners
  • Chapter 43: Cavity preparation for plastic tooth restorations
  • Accessing caries
  • Unsupported enamel
  • Chapter 44: Choice of plastic restorative materials
  • Location of the tooth and extent of the cavity
  • Quantity and quality of remaining tooth tissue
  • Caries risk
  • Moisture control
  • Physical (mechanical) retention
  • Chapter 45: Plastic restorations
  • Bonding amalgam
  • Bonding composite resins
  • Bonding glass ionomer cement
  • Matrix techniques
  • Chapter 46: Amalgam restorations
  • Chapter 47: Composite resin restorations
  • Chapter 48: Building composite resin restorations
  • Larger restorations
  • Chapter 49: Non-plastic intracoronal restorations
  • Gold inlays
  • Tooth-coloured inlays
  • Computer-aided design and manufacture techniques
  • Chapter 50: Crowns
  • Introduction
  • Types and materials
  • Chapter 51: Glass ionomer cements and provisional restorations
  • Provisional restoration
  • Cavity preparation
  • Other considerations
  • Material placement
  • Replacement of missing teeth
  • Chapter 52: Resin-retained bridges
  • Case selection
  • Design considerations
  • The clinical technique
  • Procedures
  • Dealing with failure
  • Chapter 53: Bridges
  • Introduction
  • Conventional bridges
  • Hybrid bridge
  • Pontic design for bridges
  • Chapter 54: Implant-retained options
  • Indications for implant-retained prostheses
  • Planning procedures
  • Surgical phase
  • Restorative phase
  • Chapter 55: Partial dentures
  • Introduction
  • Planning partial dentures
  • Sources of support
  • Retention of dentures
  • Joining the saddles
  • Completing the design
  • Chapter 56: Implant overdentures
  • Implant overdentures and retention considerations
  • Implant overdentures and support considerations
  • Implant overdentures – planning considerations
  • Implant overdentures – prosthetic phase of treatment
  • Implant overdenture maintenance
  • Chapter 57: Precision attachments
  • Precision attachments and complete dentures
  • Precision attachments and removable partial dentures
  • Chapter 58: Immediate insertion dentures
  • Introduction
  • Clinical stages involved in immediate insertion dentures
  • Chapter 59: Complete dentures
  • Edentulousness
  • Assessing the patient
  • Prosthodontic factors
  • Treatments for pulpal damage
  • Chapter 60: Pulp therapy (deciduous teeth)
  • Introduction
  • Indirect pulp capping
  • Vital pulpotomy
  • Devitalising pulpotomy
  • Pulpectomy
  • Chapter 61: Pulp protection procedures for traumatised teeth
  • Treatment (Table 61.1)
  • Chapter 62: Pulp removal (permanent teeth)
  • Partial pulp removal (pulpotomy)
  • Complete pulp removal
  • Procedure for pulp removal
  • Chapter 63: Pulp canal obturation (permanent teeth)
  • Aims of pulp obturation
  • Obturating materials
  • Obturating techniques
  • Paediatric dentistry
  • Chapter 64: Patient management
  • Office procedures
  • The dentist–child relationship
  • Behaviour management techniques
  • Chapter 65: Local anaesthesia
  • Local anaesthesia
  • Local anaesthetic agents
  • Vasoconstrictors
  • Techniques
  • Chapter 66: Sedation and general anaesthesia
  • Conscious sedation
  • General anaesthesia
  • Chapter 67: Caries in deciduous teeth
  • Dental caries
  • Consequences of leaving untreated carious primary teeth
  • Management of carious primary teeth
  • Chapter 68: Paediatric dental materials
  • Stainless steel crowns
  • Resin-based composites
  • Resin infiltration
  • Glass ionomer cement
  • Compomer
  • Chapter 69: Fissure sealants
  • Types of sealant
  • Steps in fissure sealing
  • Sealant application
  • Evaluation
  • Chapter 70: Dietary control
  • Sugar consumption in the UK
  • Sugar and caries
  • Changing people's eating habits
  • Identifying patients requiring dietary counselling
  • Taking a dietary history
  • Setting goals
  • Action points
  • Monitoring
  • Summary
  • Chapter 71: Fluoride supplements
  • Forms of fluoride delivery
  • Traumatic injuries
  • Chapter 72: Classification of trauma
  • Periodontal injuries
  • Tooth injuries (enamel, dentine or pulp fractures)
  • Injuries to gingiva or oral mucosa
  • Injuries to bone
  • Chapter 73: Accidental injury to primary teeth
  • General information
  • Periodontal injuries
  • Tooth injuries (enamel, dentine or pulp fractures)
  • Alveolar fracture
  • Sequelae
  • Chapter 74: Non-accidental injury
  • The role of the dental team
  • How abuse presents
  • Types of injuries of potential concern
  • Responding to concerns of abuse
  • Chapter 75: Treatment of tooth fractures
  • Enamel and enamel–dentine fracture
  • Enamel–dentine–pulp fracture
  • Procedure for pulpotomy
  • Crown–root fracture and crown–root–pulp fracture
  • Root fracture
  • Chapter 76: Tooth displacement injuries
  • General information
  • Concussion
  • Subluxation
  • Extrusion
  • Lateral luxation
  • Intrusion
  • Avulsion
  • Alveolar fracture
  • Prognosis
  • Follow up
  • Oral and maxillofacial surgery
  • Chapter 77: Instruments
  • Introduction
  • Instruments for surgical flaps (incision, reflection and retraction)
  • Instruments for bone removal
  • Instruments for suturing
  • Miscellaneous instruments
  • Instruments for tooth extraction
  • Layout of instruments
  • Chapter 78: The patient in pain
  • Introduction
  • Teeth
  • Temporomandibular joint
  • Jaw disease
  • Sinus disease
  • Salivary glands
  • Nerves
  • Blood vessels
  • Psychogenic pain
  • Key points in orofacial pain management
  • Chapter 79: Extraction of teeth
  • Introduction
  • Indications
  • Contraindications
  • Preoperative assessment
  • Technique
  • Forceps extractions
  • Postextraction management
  • Chapter 80: Surgical extractions
  • Introduction
  • Preoperative assessment
  • Preoperative preparation
  • Surgical technique
  • Postoperative phase
  • Chapter 81: Impacted third molars
  • Introduction
  • Assessment
  • Preoperative phase
  • Surgical technique
  • Postoperative phase
  • Coronectomy
  • Chapter 82: Biopsy
  • Introduction
  • Types of biopsy
  • Biopsy form
  • Storage and transport of specimen
  • Adjuncts to biopsy – cytology
  • Chapter 83: Suturing
  • Introduction
  • Suture gauge
  • Suture needles
  • Suture materials
  • Correct use and handling of instruments for suturing
  • Guidelines for suturing
  • Common intraoral sutures
  • Suture removal
  • Chapter 84: Complications of exodontia
  • Introduction
  • Perioperative complications
  • Postoperative
  • Chapter 85: Surgical endodontics
  • Introduction
  • Indications
  • Contraindications
  • Assessment
  • Preoperative phase
  • Surgical technique
  • Postoperative phase
  • Follow-up
  • Oral medicine and pathology
  • Chapter 86: Benign swellings in the oral cavity
  • Epithelial origin
  • Connective tissue origin
  • Vascular origin
  • Neural ‘lumps’
  • Chapter 87: Odontogenic tumours and tumour-like lesions
  • Introduction
  • Tumours of odontogenic epithelium
  • Mixed odontogenic tumours
  • Tumours of odontogenic mesenchyme
  • Chapter 88: Odontogenic cysts
  • Introduction
  • Developmental odontogenic cysts
  • Inflammatory odontogenic cysts
  • Chapter 89: Other bone diseases
  • Fibro-osseous lesions
  • Giant cell lesions
  • Benign lesions and tumours
  • Malignant tumours
  • Chapter 90: Temporomandibular joint disorders
  • Temporomandibular joint dysfunction
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Ankylosis
  • Dislocation of TMJ
  • Chapter 91: Mucosal diseases
  • Recurrent aphthous ulcers
  • Behçet syndrome
  • Vesiculobullous disorders
  • Orofacial granulomatosis
  • Chapter 92: Oral cancer and precancer
  • Introduction
  • Leukoplakia
  • Erythroplakia
  • Actinic cheilosis
  • Oral submucous fibrosis
  • Oral squamous cell carcinoma
  • Chapter 93: Salivary gland disorders
  • Non-neoplastic disorders
  • Neoplastic disorders
  • Chapter 94: Pigmented lesions
  • Introduction
  • Exogenous pigmentation
  • Endogenous pigmentation
  • Part 3: The Medically Compromised Patient
  • Chapter 95: Haematological disorders
  • Anaemia
  • Haemolytic anaemia
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Anticoagulant therapy
  • Haematological malignancy
  • Chapter 96: Immune disorders
  • Introduction
  • Allergy
  • Immunodeficiency and disorders
  • Autoimmune disease
  • Chapter 97: Cardiovascular disorders
  • Hypertension
  • Angina
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Valvular disease
  • Chapter 98: Respiratory disorders
  • Sinusitis
  • Asthma
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Tuberculosis
  • Lung cancer
  • Chapter 99: Gastroenterology and nutritional disorders
  • Crohn's disease
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Coeliac disease
  • Carcinoma
  • Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease
  • Peptic ulceration
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Vitamin C deficiency
  • Vitamin D deficiency
  • Other deficiencies
  • Chapter 100: Endocrine disorders
  • Pregnancy
  • Puberty
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Thyroid disease
  • Parathyroid disease
  • Pituitary disease
  • Adrenal disease
  • Chapter 101: Renal disease
  • Renal failure
  • Dental aspects of renal disease
  • Prescribing in renal failure
  • Chapter 102: Intellectual impairment
  • Down syndrome
  • Autism
  • Asperger syndrome
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Stroke
  • Parkinson disease
  • Chapter 103: Neurological disorders
  • Cranial nerve disorders/palsies
  • Trigeminal neuralgia
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Epilepsy
  • Giant cell arteritis
  • Motor neuron disease
  • Bell's palsy
  • Chapter 104: Drugs and dental care
  • Impact on delivery of dental treatment
  • Potential drug interactions
  • Adverse effects of drug therapy that produce oral lesions
  • Part 4: Orthodontics
  • Chapter 105: The developing dentitions
  • Development of the dentitions
  • The primary dentition
  • The mixed dentition
  • Maturation of the permanent dentition
  • Chapter 106: Orthodontic assessment
  • Clinical assessment in orthodontics
  • Extraoral examination
  • Soft tissue assessment
  • Intraoral examination
  • Orthodontic records
  • Chapter 107: Fixed orthodontic appliances
  • Fixed appliances
  • Stages of treatment with fixed appliances
  • Chapter 108: Removable orthodontic appliances
  • Removable appliances
  • Fitting a removable appliance
  • Chapter 109: Major malocclusions
  • Orthodontic treatment planning
  • Class I malocclusion
  • Class II malocclusion
  • Class III malocclusion
  • Part 5: Population sciences and oral health
  • Chapter 110: Epidemiology
  • What is epidemiology?
  • Interpreting oral epidemiological data
  • Oral health status of the population
  • Chapter 111: Social variations in oral health
  • The social gradient of health and disease
  • Social determinants of health
  • Social variations in oral health
  • Oral cancer
  • Social variations in dental attendance and demand for care
  • Chapter 112: Psychology and dental care
  • Assessment of dental anxiety
  • Interventions for individuals with low levels of anxiety
  • Interventions for individuals with moderate levels of anxiety
  • Interventions for individuals with high levels of anxiety
  • Chapter 113: Health, illness and behaviour change
  • Motivation: the theory of planned behaviour
  • Volition: implementation intentions
  • Overall conclusions
  • Chapter 114: Special care dentistry
  • Scope of special care dentistry
  • Access and barriers to oral health for people with disabilities
  • Communication skills for people requiring SCD
  • Impact of impairments and systemic conditions on oral health and functions
  • Clinical management of patients requiring SCD
  • Chapter 115: Ethical care of patients
  • Autonomy
  • Non-maleficence
  • Beneficence
  • Justice
  • Professional ethics
  • Ethics in action
  • Chapter 116: Dentistry and the law
  • Dentistry – the profession
  • Agreeing to treatment
  • Providing treatment
  • Chapter 117: Risk management
  • Introduction
  • Areas of potential risk in dental practice
  • Part 6: Running a dental practice
  • Chapter 118: Infection control
  • Introduction
  • Infection control in dentistry
  • Prevention of transmission of infection
  • Chapter 119: Regulatory bodies and best practice
  • Regulation in dentistry
  • General Dental Council
  • Care Quality Commission
  • National Health Service (NHS) regulations
  • Health and Safety Executive
  • Employment law
  • Radiation regulation
  • Disability and Discrimination Act
  • Best practice
  • Chapter 120: Clinical record keeping
  • Introduction
  • Clinical records
  • Storage of clinical records
  • Confidentiality
  • Patient access to records
  • Disclosure of clinical records
  • Chapter 121: Team management
  • Introduction
  • Teamwork
  • Benefits of teamwork
  • Developing a team philosophy
  • Team training
  • Communication and appraisal
  • Awards
  • Chapter 122: Intrateam communication
  • Business plan and objectives
  • Written communication
  • Verbal communication
  • Non-verbal communication (body language)
  • Chapter 123: External communication
  • Who is external?
  • What form of communication is appropriate?
  • Advertising
  • Prescription writing
  • Referral letters
  • Chapter 124: Being part of the profession