Bioenergy: Principles and Applications

Editor/Author Khanal, Samir Kumar and Li, Yebo
Publication Year: 2017
Publisher: Wiley

Single-User Purchase Price: $100.00
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: $150.00
ISBN: 978-1-118-56831-6
Category: Science - Environmental sciences
Image Count: 277
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

The search for altenative, renewable sources of fuel and energy from plants, algae, and waste materials has catalyzed in recent years. With the growing interest in bioenergy development and production there has been increasing demand for a broad ranging introductory text in the field. Bioenergy: Principles and Practices provides an invaluable introduction to the fundamentals of bioenergy feedstocks, processing, and industry.

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Table of Contents

    • List of Contributors
    • Preface
    • Acknowledgments
    • SECTION I: Bioenergy Fundamentals
    • CHAPTER 1: Introduction to Bioenergy
    • 1.1 Energy
    • 1.2 Non‐renewable Energy
    • 1.3 Renewable Energy
    • 1.4 Why Renewable Energy?
    • 1.5 Bioenergy
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • CHAPTER 2: Units and Conversions
    • 2.1 Introduction
    • 2.2 Units of Measurement
    • 2.3 Useful Units and Conversions
    • 2.4 Energy and Heat
    • 2.5 Volume–Mass Relationship
    • 2.6 Ideal Gas Law
    • 2.7 Henry's Law
    • References and Further Reading
    • Exercise Problems
    • CHAPTER 3: Mass and Energy Balances
    • 3.1 Introduction
    • 3.2 Mass Balances
    • 3.3 Enthalpy
    • 3.4 Energy Balances
    • References and Further Reading
    • Exercise Problems
    • CHAPTER 4: Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Basic Chemical Reactions
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Reaction Thermodynamics
    • 4.3 Reaction Kinetics
    • References and Further Reading
    • Exercise Problems
    • CHAPTER 5: Organic and Carbohydrate Chemistry
    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Structural Formulas and Classification of Organic Compounds
    • 5.3 Aliphatic Compounds
    • 5.4 Aromatic Compounds
    • 5.5 Heterocyclic Compounds
    • 5.6 Carbohydrates
    • 5.7 Proteins and Lipids
    • References and Further Reading
    • Exercise Problems
    • CHAPTER 6: Plant Structural Chemistry
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 Carbohydrates and Their Classification
    • 6.3 Main Constituents of Plant Biomass
    • 6.4 Plant Cell Wall Architecture
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • CHAPTER 7: Microbial Metabolisms
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 Carbon Metabolisms
    • 7.3 Metabolic Models
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • Appendix 7.1 Code Useful for Example 7.2
    • SECTION II: Bioenergy Feedstocks
    • CHAPTER 8: Starch‐Based Feedstocks
    • 8.1 Introduction
    • 8.2 Corn
    • 8.3 Sweet Potato
    • 8.4 Cassava
    • 8.5 Comparison of Composition, Yield, and Energy Potential of Corn, Sweet Potato, and Cassava
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • CHAPTER 9: Oilseed‐Based Feedstocks
    • 9.1 Introduction
    • 9.2 Soybean
    • 9.3 Rapeseed and Canola
    • 9.4 Oil Palm
    • 9.5 Jatropha
    • 9.6 Camelina
    • 9.7 Yield and Oil Content of Major Oilseed Feedstocks
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • CHAPTER 10: Lignocellulose‐Based Feedstocks
    • 10.1 Introduction
    • 10.2 Feedstock Availability and Production
    • 10.3 Feedstock Logistics
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • CHAPTER 11: Algae‐Based Feedstocks
    • 11.1 Introduction
    • 11.2 Algae Classification, Cell Structure, and Characteristics
    • 11.3 Mechanism of Algal Growth
    • 11.4 Algal Growth Conditions
    • 11.5 Steps in Algal‐Biodiesel Production
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • SECTION III: Biological Conversion Technologies
    • CHAPTER 12: Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks
    • 12.1 Introduction
    • 12.2 What Does Pretreatment Do?
    • 12.3 Physical Pretreatment
    • 12.4 Thermochemical Pretreatment
    • 12.5 Other Pretreatments
    • 12.6 Co‐products from Lignocellulosic Feedstock Pretreatment
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • CHAPTER 13: Enzymatic Hydrolysis
    • 13.1 Introduction
    • 13.2 Nomenclature and Classification of Hydrolases
    • 13.3 Enzyme Kinetics
    • 13.4 Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Carbohydrates
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • CHAPTER 14: Ethanol Fermentation
    • 14.1 Introduction
    • 14.2 Biochemical Pathway
    • 14.3 Byproducts Formation during Ethanol Fermentation
    • 14.4 Microbial Cultures
    • 14.5 Environmental Factors Affecting Ethanol Fermentation
    • 14.6 Industrial Fuel‐Grade Ethanol Production
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • CHAPTER 15: Butanol Fermentation
    • 15.1 Introduction
    • 15.2 Butanol Fermentation
    • 15.3 Factors Affecting Butanol Fermentation
    • 15.4 Substrates for Butanol Fermentation
    • 15.5 Advanced Butanol Fermentation Techniques and Downstream Processing
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • CHAPTER 16: Syngas Fermentation
    • 16.1 Introduction
    • 16.2 Stoichiometry
    • 16.3 Syngas‐Fermenting Bacteria
    • 16.4 Factors Affecting Syngas Fermentation
    • 16.5 Product Recovery
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • CHAPTER 17: Fundamentals of Anaerobic Digestion
    • 17.1 Introduction
    • 17.2 Organic Conversion in an Anaerobic Process
    • 17.3 Stoichiometry of Methane Production
    • 17.4 Important Considerations in Anaerobic Digestion
    • 17.5 Anaerobic Digestion Model No. 1 (ADM1)
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • CHAPTER 18: Biogas Production and Applications
    • 18.1 Introduction
    • 18.2 Anaerobic Digestion Systems
    • 18.3 Biogas Cleaning and Upgrading
    • 18.4 Biogas Utilization
    • 18.5 Digestate
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • CHAPTER 19: Microbial Fuel Cells
    • 19.1 Introduction
    • 19.2 How Does a Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) Work?
    • 19.3 Electron Transfer Processes
    • 19.4 Electrical Power and Energy Generation
    • 19.5 Design and Operation of an MFC
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • SECTION IV: Thermal Conversion Technologies
    • CHAPTER 20: Combustion for Heat and Power
    • 20.1 Introduction
    • 20.2 Fundamentals of Biomass Combustion
    • 20.3 Biomass Properties and Preprocessing
    • 20.4 Biomass Furnaces
    • 20.5 Power Generation
    • 20.6 Biomass Co‐firing with Coal
    • 20.7 Environmental Impact and Emissions of Biomass Combustion
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • CHAPTER 21: Gasification
    • 21.1 Introduction
    • 21.2 Fundamentals of Gasification
    • 21.3 Gasifiers
    • 21.4 Feedstock Preparation and Characterization
    • 21.5 Gasification Mass and Energy Balance
    • 21.6 Gas Cleanup
    • 21.7 Applications of Biomass Gasification
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • Appendix
    • CHAPTER 22: Pyrolysis
    • 22.1 Introduction
    • 22.2 Slow vs. Fast Pyrolysis
    • 22.3 Pyrolysis Reactions and Mechanisms
    • 22.4 Single‐Particle Models
    • 22.5 Bio‐Oil
    • 22.6 Charcoal
    • 22.7 Bio‐oil Refining
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • SECTION V: Biobased Refinery
    • CHAPTER 23: Sugar‐Based Biorefinery
    • 23.1 Introduction
    • 23.2 Stoichiometry
    • 23.3 Sugarcane Ethanol
    • 23.4 Sweet Sorghum Ethanol
    • 23.5 Sugar Beet Ethanol
    • 23.6 Biochemicals and Biopolymers
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • CHAPTER 24: Starch‐Based Biorefinery
    • 24.1 Introduction
    • 24.2 Stoichiometry of Starch to Ethanol
    • 24.3 Integrated Farm‐Scale Biorefinery
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • CHAPTER 25: Lignocellulose‐Based Biorefinery
    • 25.1 Introduction
    • 25.2 Cell Structure of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks
    • 25.3 Stoichiometry and Energy Content
    • 25.4 Lignocellulosic Biomass Conversion to Fuel
    • 25.5 Co‐Products from Lignocellulose‐Based Biorefinery
    • 25.6 Industrial Lignocellulose‐Based Biorefinery
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • CHAPTER 26: Lipid‐Based Biorefinery
    • 26.1 Introduction
    • 26.2 Lipid‐Based Feedstocks
    • 26.3 Chemical Properties of Lipids
    • 26.4 Biodiesel from Lipids
    • 26.5 Lipid‐Based Biorefinery
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • SECTION VI: Bioenergy System Analysis
    • CHAPTER 27: Techno‐Economic Assessment
    • 27.1 Introduction
    • 27.2 What Is Techno‐Economic Analysis?
    • 27.3 Basic Steps in TEA
    • 27.4 Tools, Software, and Data Sources for Performing TEA
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • CHAPTER 28: Life‐Cycle Assessment
    • 28.1 Introduction
    • 28.2 What Is Life‐Cycle Assessment (LCA)?
    • 28.3 Procedure for LCA
    • 28.4 Tools Available to Perform LCA
    • 28.5 Advanced Topics
    • References
    • Exercise Problems
    • CHAPTER 29: Government Policy and Standards for Bioenergy
    • 29.1 Overview of the Bioenergy Market
    • 29.2 Rationale for Government Intervention
    • 29.3 Government Intervention through Policy Tools
    • 29.4 Biofuels Policy Implementations: Existing Policy Instruments
    • 29.5 Implications of Biofuels Policies
    • References
    • Exercise Problems