Cannabis: A Complete Guide

Editor/Author Small, Ernest
Publication Year: 2016
Publisher: CRC Press

Single-User Purchase Price: $119.95
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: Not Available
ISBN: 978-1-49876-163-5
Category: Social Sciences - Contemporary Issues & Controversies
Image Count: 297
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

Cannabis: A Complete Guide is a comprehensive reference summarizing botanical, business, chemical, ecological, genetic, historical, horticultural, legal, and medical considerations that are critical for the wise advancement and management of cannabis in its various forms.

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Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Author
  • Executive Summary
  • Cautions
  • Chapter 1 Introduction
  • The Cannabis Plant
  • “Cannabis”—A Comprehensive Term
  • The Widespread Misunderstanding That Marijuana Is “Flowers” Of Cannabis Sativa
  • Why Cannabis Is Controversial
  • Sexual Reproduction In Cannabis
  • How The Four Kinds Of Horses Are Similar To The Four Kinds Of Cannabis Sativa
  • Wild Plants
  • Fiber Plants
  • Other So-Called “Hemps”
  • “Indian Hemp”
  • Oilseed Plants
  • Intoxicating Drug Plants
  • Genetic Relationships Of Different Kinds Of Cannabis Plants
  • The Criminalization And Suppression Of Cannabis
  • The Relegitimization Of Cannabis
  • The Decriminalization And Resurrection Of Industrial (Nonintoxicating) Cannabis
  • “Hemp” Vs. “Marijuana”
  • The Decriminalization And Resurrection Of Medical Cannabis
  • The Decriminalization And Resurrection Of Recreational Cannabis
  • Benefit/Harm Analysis Of The Many Ways That Cannabis Is Used
  • The Interface Of Cannabis Science And Public Policy
  • Curiosities Of Science, Technology, And Human Behavior
  • Chapter 2 Prehuman And Early History Of Cannabis Sativa
  • The Family Tree And Prehuman Antiquity Of Cannabis Sativa
  • The Incredibly Parallel Histories Of Cannabis And Its Closest Relative, Hamulus (Hop)
  • Uncertainty Regarding The Early Historical Association Of Cannabis And People
  • Location Of The Prehuman Distribution Range
  • The Habitat Of Ancient Wild Cannabis Sativa
  • The “Camp-Follower” Model Of Early Domestication Of Cannabis Sativa
  • How Adaptation To Streamside Soils Led To Water-Based Fiber Extraction
  • Earliest Geographical Centers Of The Four Kinds Of Domesticated Cannabis Sativa
  • Early Old World Geography Of Fiber And Marijuana Classes Of Cannabis Sativa
  • Early Migrations Of Fiber And Marijuana Kinds Of Domesticated Cannabis Sativa
  • Curiosities Of Science, Technology, And Human Behavior
  • Chapter 3 The Ecology Of Wild Cannabis Sativa
  • The Nature Of “Wildness”
  • Evaluating Wildness In Cannabis Sativa Populations
  • Geography Of Wild Cannabis Sativa
  • Habitats And Plant Communities Occupied
  • Climate Limitations
  • Temperature
  • Water
  • Light Intensity
  • Photoperiod
  • Edaphic (Soil) Limitations
  • Seed Ecology
  • Appearance
  • Size
  • Seed Shedding
  • Protective Thick Shell
  • Camouflage
  • Germination Behavior
  • Dormancy
  • Longevity
  • Environmental Factors Controlling Germination
  • Seedling Development
  • Seed Distribution Agents
  • Birds
  • Water
  • Mammals
  • Insects
  • Allelopathy
  • Root Ecology
  • Stem Ecology
  • Phenotypic Plasticity: A Key To Success
  • Biotic Competitors
  • Human Eradication Efforts
  • Pests And Diseases
  • Curiosities Of Science, Technology, And Human Behavior
  • Chapter 4 Sex Expression
  • What Is “Sex” In Flowering Plants?
  • Maleness And Femaleness In Cannabis In Comparison To Other Flowering Plants
  • Differences Between Male And Female Cannabis Plants
  • Male Plants And Their Flowers
  • Pollen Dispersal
  • Female Plants And The Pollination Of Their Flowers
  • Remarkable Development Of Unpollinated Female Flowers
  • Monoecious (“Hermaphroditic”) Kinds Of Cannabis Sativa
  • Cross-Fertilization And Self-Fertilization
  • Genetic Determination Of Sex
  • Sex-Associated Dna Markers
  • Environmental Determination Of Sex
  • Modification Of Sex By Hormonal Treatment
  • Reduction And Elimination Of Males For Human Purposes
  • Culling Of Most Male Plants When Seeds Are Produced For Industrial Hemp
  • Culling Of All Male Plants For The Purpose Of Producing Marijuana
  • Selection Of Female-Predominant Monoecious Strains
  • Generation Of Seeds Producing “All-Female” Plants
  • Use Of Environment And/Or Hormones By Marijuana Growers To Increase Females
  • Cloning Of Female Plants
  • Summary Of The Demise Of Male Cannabis Under Domestication
  • Curiosities Of Science, Technology, And Human Behavior
  • Chapter 5 Photoperiodism
  • Introduction To Reproductive Photoperiodism In Cannabis Sativa
  • Autoflowering (Day-Neutral) Plants
  • Latitudinal Photoperiodic Adaptation
  • The Interaction Of Photoperiodism, Killing Frosts, And Seed Production
  • Photoperiodic Problems For Plants Of Northern Origin Grown Close To The Equator
  • Photoperiodic Problems For Plants Of Semitropical Origin Grown In Northern Latitudes
  • Photoperiodic Problems For Semiequatorial Drug Strains In Northern Climates
  • Unsuitable Photoperiod May Not Be The Only Cause Of Poor Performance
  • Curiosities Of Science, Technology, And Human Behavior
  • Chapter 6 Shoot And Foliage Architecture
  • Anatomy And Morphology
  • Basic Leaf Botany Of Cannabis
  • Shoot Architecture Of Wild Plants
  • Shoot Architecture Of Plants Grown In Different Field Configurations
  • Shoot Architecture Of Fiber Crops
  • Reducing The Height Of Marijuana Plants
  • “Sea Of Green” And “Screen Of Green” Cultivation Methods
  • Reducing The Height Of Fiber Plants
  • Resistance To Catastrophic Stem Damage
  • Foliage Architecture
  • Protective Unicellular Hairs
  • Cystolithic Trichomes
  • Simple Trichomes
  • Curiosities Of Science, Technology, And Human Behavior
  • Chapter 7 Fiber
  • Introduction To Fiber
  • History
  • Ancient Hemp History
  • The Golden Age Of Hemp In The Western World
  • The Labor-Intensive Pre-Twentieth Century Period
  • The Twentieth Century Great Demise Of Hemp In The Western World
  • The Recent Renaissance
  • The Two Basic Classes Of Stem Fiber: Phloem (Bast) And Xylem (Wood)
  • Anatomy Of The Stem
  • The Economically Important Stem Tissues
  • Ambiguities Regarding Stem Tissue Anatomical Terms
  • How The Three Kinds Of Fiber Contribute To Stem Strength
  • Xylem Fiber
  • Primary Phloem Fiber
  • Secondary Phloem Fiber
  • Lignification
  • Fiber Qualities
  • Fiber Extraction Technologies
  • How Domestication Has Altered Cannabis Sativa For Fiber Production
  • Economic Products
  • Textiles, Fabrics, And Clothing
  • Substrates For Plant Growth
  • Horticultural Planting Media
  • Biodegradable Mulch
  • Cordage Products
  • Pressed And Molded Fiber Products
  • Paper And Specialty Pulp Products
  • Building Construction Products
  • Construction Wood Products (Pressboard, Moldings)
  • Concretized And Masonry Construction Products (Stucco, Building Blocks, Tiles)
  • Animal Bedding Based On Hurds
  • Plastic Biocomposites
  • Compressed Cellulose Plastics
  • Agronomy
  • Security Requirements
  • General Growth Requirements
  • Root Growth
  • Soil And Fertilization
  • Water Relations
  • Temperatures
  • Seed Germination
  • Maintaining Seed Viability In Storage
  • Planting Requirements
  • Rotations
  • Wind, Rain, And Hail Damage
  • Pests
  • Weeds
  • Higher Plant Parasites
  • Mammalian Pests
  • Birds
  • Insects
  • Other Invertebrates
  • Fungi
  • Bacteria
  • Viruses
  • Harvest
  • Yields
  • Storage
  • Breeding
  • Cultivars
  • Economic Status
  • Market Development And Future Needs
  • Curiosities Of Science, Technology, And Human Behavior
  • Chapter 8 Oilseed
  • Introduction To Edible Fixed Oil
  • Introduction To Hempseed And Hemp Oil
  • History
  • Oil Extraction And Processing Technology
  • Pressure Extraction
  • Solvent Extraction
  • Nutritional Qualities Of Hemp Seed And Oil
  • Fatty Acids
  • Essential Fatty Acids
  • Minor Fatty Acids
  • Tocopherols
  • Sterols
  • Protein
  • Arginine
  • Phenolics
  • Other Significant Dietary Constituents
  • Environmental Control Of The Development Of Fatty Acids
  • How Domestication Has Altered Cannabis Sativa For Oilseed Production
  • Review Of Key Information Presented In Previous Chapters
  • The Traditional Use Of Tall, Highly Branched Plants To Produce Hempseed
  • The Use Of Short, Compact Plants To Produce Hempseed
  • Selection For Seed Characteristics
  • Seed Whiteness
  • Seed Size Vs. Seed Quantity
  • Fatty Acid Quality
  • Hull Thickness
  • Hemp Seed And Oil Culinary Limitations
  • Processed Food Products For Humans
  • Raw Hempseed Sprouts For Humans
  • Recipe Sources
  • Animal Feed
  • Beneficial Aspects
  • Harmful Aspects
  • Nutraceutical Extracts (Dietary Supplements), Functional Foods, And Fortified Foods
  • Cosmeceutical Products (Nutritional Cosmetics)
  • Industrial (Nonedible) Products
  • Biodiesel
  • Thc Contamination Of Oilseed Products
  • Agronomy
  • Soil And Fertilization
  • Temperatures
  • Planting
  • Pests
  • Harvest
  • Yields
  • Storage
  • Breeding
  • Cultivars
  • The Potential Use Of Oilseed Cultivars To Produce Cbd And “Highless Marijuana”
  • Economic Status
  • Market Development And Future Needs
  • Curiosities Of Science, Technology, And Human Behavior
  • Chapter 9 Essential Oil
  • Introduction To Essential Oil
  • The Nature Of Cannabis Essential Oil
  • Possible Plant-Protective Functions Of The Essential Oil Of Cannabis
  • Value Of Cannabis Terpenoids As Commercial Repellents
  • Medical Significance Of Terpenes In Cannabis
  • Why Eliminating Terpenes By Irradiating Medical Marijuana May Be Harmful
  • Evolution Of Essential Oil In Domesticated Cannabis
  • Odor And Other Organoleptic Qualities Of Marijuana
  • Odor Has Become A Key Selling Criterion For Marijuana
  • The Importance Of Terpene Odor For Oilseed Cannabis
  • Odor Detection And Law Enforcement
  • Agronomic Production
  • Commercial Products
  • Regulatory Restrictions
  • Economic Prospects
  • Market Potential For Cannabis Essential Oil
  • Breeding Cultivars For Essential Oil Harvest
  • Breeding Marijuana Strains For Attractive Terpene Profile
  • Curiosities Of Science, Technology, And Human Behavior
  • Chapter 10 Minor Uses
  • Biomass
  • Merits Of Cannabis Sativa As A Source Of Biomass
  • Biogas
  • Hemp Solid Fuel
  • Nonseed Use Of Hemp As Livestock Feed
  • Ornamental Use
  • Hemp As A Protective Companion Plant
  • Natural Pesticides
  • Hemp Jewelry
  • Hempseed As Fish Bait
  • Hempseed As A Growth Medium For Fungi And Other Microorganisms
  • Hemp As An Agricultural Pollen Barrier
  • Edible Shoots (Stems And Foliage)
  • Curiosities Of Science, Technology, And Human Behavior
  • Chapter 11 Cannabis Chemistry: Cannabinoids In Cannabis, Humans, And Other Species
  • Glandular Trichomes Of Cannabis: The Plant's Drug Factories
  • Cannabinoids In Cannabis Sativa
  • Clarification Of The Term “Psychoactive”
  • Clarification Of The Term “Drug”
  • Basic Chemistry Of The Cannabinoids
  • Decrease Of Intoxicant Ability By Transformation Of Thc To Cbn
  • Variation Of Cannabinoids Among Different Kinds Of Cannabis Plants
  • Conversion Of Nonintoxicant Cbd To Intoxicant Thc In The Laboratory And Possibly In The Human Body
  • Biosynthesis And Genetics Of The Cannabinoids Of Cannabis
  • Quantitative Variation Of Cannabinoids In Different Plant Parts
  • Quantitative Variation Of Cannabinoids In Relation To Length Of Growth Period
  • Quantitative Variation Of Cannabinoids In Relation To Environmental Factors
  • Quantitative Variation Of Cannabinoids In Relation To Stress
  • Quantitative Variation Of Cannabinoids In Relation To Chromosome Doubling
  • Qualitative Variation Of Cannabinoids In Relation To Stage Of Plant Development
  • Qualitative Variation Of Cannabinoids In Relation To Environmental Factors
  • Nature Vs. Nurture In The Determination Of Cannabinoids Of Cannabis Sativa
  • Environmental Factors Influencing The Qualitative Development Of Cannabinoids
  • Breeding For High And Low Levels Of Cannabinoids
  • High-Thc Strains
  • Low-Thc Cultivars
  • Thc Test Protocols For Industrial Hemp
  • Informative Online Websites Regarding Thc Sampling Procedures For Hemp
  • Adaptive Purpose Of The Cannabinoids
  • Expanded Definitions Of Cannabinoids
  • Curiosities Of Science, Technology, And Human Behavior
  • Chapter 12 Nonmedical Drug Usage
  • Reliability Of Counterculture Information
  • The Cannabis Experience
  • Biphasic Effects
  • Sequence Of Psychological Impacts
  • Pleasant Psychological Effects
  • Unpleasant Psychological Symptoms
  • Couchlock
  • Physiological Effects
  • Health Risks
  • Concern For Mental Status
  • Cannabis Dependence
  • Cannabis Withdrawal Syndrome
  • Marijuana As A “Gateway Drug”
  • Concern For Lung Function
  • Societal Vs. Individual Health
  • Driving Risks
  • Risk Of Contamination And Adulteration Of Street Marijuana
  • Risk Of Exposure To Indoor Grow-Op Environments
  • Risk To Dogs
  • The Great Debate: Is Cannabis Relatively Harmful Or Benign?
  • Representative Viewpoints That Cannabis Is Relatively Harmful
  • Representative Viewpoints That Cannabis Is Relatively Benign
  • Global Usage Of Marijuana
  • A Brief History Of Nonmedical Psychotropic Usage Of Cannabis Drugs
  • Modern Spiritual Usage Of Cannabis
  • Cannabiphobia And The Cultural War On Marijuana
  • Growing Public Acceptance Of Marijuana
  • The Genetic “Improvement” Of Marijuana Due To Law Enforcement
  • Formal Botanical Nomenclature And “Strains” Of Cannabis Sativa
  • The Evolution Of High-Thc Strains
  • “Sativa Type” And “Indica Type,” The Two Domesticated Kinds Of Marijuana Plants
  • Selection For Color In Marijuana Strains
  • Plant Production
  • Distortion Of Botanical And Horticultural Terms By The Marijuana Trade
  • Technologies For Preparing Cannabis Drugs
  • Marijuana
  • Traditional Hashish
  • Solvent Extracts
  • Advanced Nonsolvent Technologies For Preparing Concentrates Of Gland Heads
  • Water Extracts (“Teas”)
  • Technologies For Smoking And Vaping Cannabis Drugs
  • Joints And Blunts
  • Simple (Nonfiltering) Pipes
  • Water Pipes
  • Vaporizers
  • Dabbing
  • Edible Cannabis
  • Preferred Modes Of Marijuana Consumption
  • Fake Marijuana
  • Ethical Perspectives Of Decriminalization And Legalization Of Recreational Marijuana
  • Curiosities Of Science, Technology, And Human Behavior
  • Chapter 13 Medical Marijuana: Theory And Practice
  • Introduction To The Controversy
  • How Medical Does Marijuana Have To Be To Qualify As “Medical Marijuana?”
  • Medical Marijuana As A Pretext For Nonmedical Use
  • A Brief History Of Medical Usage Of Cannabis
  • Noncannabinoid Medicinal Components
  • Bias In Research On Medical Marijuana
  • Bias Against Euphoric Medicines
  • The Issue Of Addiction
  • The Issue Of Incapacitation (Reduction In Abilities) While Intoxicated
  • Transfer Of Bias Against Thc To Nonintoxicating Cannabinoids
  • The Importance Of Experimental Design In Evaluating Medical Marijuana
  • The Precautionary Principle In Relation To Medical Marijuana
  • Recent Authorized Medical Marijuana Production And Usage
  • Pharmacological Terminology For Marijuana
  • Comparative Therapeutic Value Of Pure Chemicals And Herbal Mixtures
  • Medicinal Importance Of Combining Thc And Cbd
  • The Accidental Medicinal Value Of Indica Type Strains
  • Overview Of Medical Marijuana Preparations
  • Medical Marijuana Drug Delivery Systems
  • Safer Respiratory Systems
  • Conventional Smoking
  • Valsalva Maneuver And Prolonged Breath-Holding
  • Water Pipes
  • Vaporization
  • Oral Consumption
  • Synthetic Oral Cannabis Drugs
  • Dermal And Mucosal Drug Absorption
  • Thc Dosages, Absorption Rates, And Time Course Of Effects
  • Bioavailability
  • Dosages
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Blood Concentrations Of Thc In Relation To Safe Driving
  • The Endocannabinoid System As A Basis For Much Of The Medical Value Of Marijuana
  • Overview Of The Endocannabinoid System
  • Introduction To Cell Receptors And G Protein-Coupled Receptors
  • Endocannabinoids
  • Endocannabinoid Receptors
  • Intercellular Communication Involving Endocannabinoids
  • The Broad Range Of Compounds Affecting The Endocannabinoid System
  • Effects Of Cannabinoids On Nonendocannabinoid Physiological Systems
  • Medical Importance Of The Endocannabinoid System
  • Extensive Activity Of The Endocannabinoid System Limits Targeted Therapy
  • Evolution Of The Endocannabinoid System And Potential For Nonhuman Patients
  • The Endocannabinoid System In Relation To The Lack Of Overdose Marijuana Mortality
  • Ld50 (Median Lethal Dose)
  • Therapeutic Index
  • Comparative Overdose Lethality Of Cannabis And Other Drugs
  • Cannabinoids As A Possible Basis For Eliminating The Need For Herbal Medical Marijuana
  • Medical Conditions For Which Cannabis Has Or May Have Value
  • Alzheimer's Disease And Other Forms Of Dementia
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease)
  • Anorexia And Appetite Loss
  • Arthritis And Rheumatism
  • Brain Injury
  • Cancer
  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Hypertension
  • Ischemia
  • Diabetes
  • Epilepsy
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases
  • Glaucoma
  • Headache
  • Migraine
  • Hiv And Aids
  • Huntington's Disease
  • Insomnia
  • Liver Disease
  • Morning Sickness
  • Multiple Sclerosis And Spasticity
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases
  • Neuropathy
  • Obesity
  • Osteoporosis
  • Pain
  • Parkinson's Disease
  • Psychiatric Disorders
  • Addiction
  • Anxiety
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Depression
  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
  • Schizophrenia
  • Skin Conditions
  • Acne And Seborrhea
  • Alopecia
  • Dermatitis
  • Hirsutism
  • Pruritis
  • Psoriasis
  • Scleroderma
  • Tourette's Syndrome
  • Medical Application Of Specific Cannabinoids
  • Tetrahydrocannabinol
  • Cannabidiol
  • Arthritis
  • Cancer
  • Diabetes
  • Epilepsy
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
  • Nausea And Vomiting
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases
  • Pain
  • Psychiatric Disorders
  • Cannabinol
  • Other Natural Cannabinoids
  • Tetrahydrocannabivarin
  • Cannabigerol
  • Cannabichromene
  • Cautions Regarding Medical Marijuana
  • Limitations Of Expert Medical Guidance In The Use Of Medical Marijuana
  • Allergies Due To Cannabis Sativa
  • Is Marijuana A Bona Fide Medicine? Tentative Conclusions
  • Medical-Ethical Perspectives Of Legalization Of Medical Marijuana
  • Curiosities Of Science, Technology, And Human Behavior
  • Chapter 14 Medical Marijuana: Production
  • The Need For High Standards Of Professionalism
  • Fundamentals Of Marijuana Plant Production
  • Overview Of Production
  • Planting Density And Yields
  • Indoor Yields
  • Outdoor Yields
  • Governmental Production Quotas
  • Growth Media
  • Vegetative Propagation
  • Lighting
  • Light Intensity
  • Light Quality
  • Fluorescent Lighting
  • High-Pressure Sodium Lighting
  • Metal Halide Lighting
  • Light-Emitting Diode Lighting
  • Recommended Lighting
  • Temperature
  • Atmospheric Growth Conditions
  • Humidity
  • Air-Borne Contaminants In Relation To Stickiness
  • Carbon Dioxide Concentration
  • Insect Control
  • Harvest And Drying
  • Processing
  • Storage
  • Quality Control
  • Microbiological Safety And Sterilization
  • Monitoring And Controlling The Production Of Standardized Herbal Marijuana
  • Informative Online Documents And Websites Regarding Production Of Medical Marijuana
  • Security Considerations
  • Biotechnological Approaches Of Potential Importance To Medicinal Marijuana
  • In Vitro Production
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Curiosities Of Science, Technology, And Human Behavior
  • Chapter 15 The Commercial Marijuana Revolution
  • A Sea Change For Better Or Worse
  • Commercial Obscuration Of The Distinction Between Medical And Recreational Marijuana
  • Physician Gatekeepers For Hire To Provide Legal Access To Pseudopatients
  • Prescription Drugs Vs. Over-The-Counter Herbals
  • The Evolution Of Physician Acceptance Of Medical Cannabis
  • Softening Of Medical Opposition
  • Medicine By Popular Vote
  • Profit-Driven Vs. Health-Driven Medical Marijuana
  • Patient Financial Reimbursement
  • Medical Vs. Recreational Marijuana Markets
  • The Role Of “Big Tobacco”
  • Professional Niches In The Developing Marijuana Business Sector
  • Opposition To Commercialization Of Recreational Marijuana
  • Medical Opposition To Recreational Marijuana
  • Political Opposition To Recreational Marijuana
  • Badmouthing The Competition
  • Growing Societal Acceptance Of Recreational Marijuana
  • The Need For Caution In Legitimizing Recreational Marijuana
  • Chronic Consumption
  • Effects Of Increased Availability Of Authorized Cannabis
  • Effects On Prevalence Of Usage
  • Effects On Health
  • Effects On Crime Rate
  • Financial Guestimates Of The Potential Monetary Value Of Recreational Marijuana
  • Economic Effects Of Legitimizing Recreational Marijuana On The Illegitimate Marijuana Industry
  • Costs Of Production Of Marijuana
  • Elementary Business Hazards: Will The “Pot Boom” Become A “Pot Bubble?”
  • Possible Scenarios Of Success Or Collapse Of Sectors Of The Marijuana Market
  • Herbal
  • Extracts
  • Why Not Harvest Cbd From Hemp?
  • Synthetics
  • Genetically Engineered Cannabis Sativa
  • Marketplace Constraints Related To “Cheap Highs”
  • Comparative Costs Of Pot And Booze
  • Coexistence Of Black And White Markets
  • Absence Of Foreign Competition For Authorized Marijuana
  • Consumer Trends
  • Market Production Models: Big Vs. Small-Scale Businesses
  • Market Outlet Formats
  • State Monopoly Vs. Private Sector
  • “Weed Bars”
  • Pot Restaurants
  • Home Delivery (“Weed On Wheels”)
  • Advertising
  • Potency As A Determinant Of Sales Restriction
  • The Age Of Majority—A Problematical Determinant Of Sales And Consumption Restrictions
  • Legal Considerations
  • Cautions
  • International Treaties
  • Legal Models
  • The Netherlands
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Other Countries
  • Patents
  • Opium Poppy As A Business Model For Marijuana Production
  • Laughing Gas As A Business Model For Marijuana Production
  • The Great Irony: From Counterculture Drug To Mass-Marketed Commodity
  • The Cannabis Roads To Heaven And Hell
  • The Precautionary Principle In Relation To Commercial Development Of Cannabis
  • Reasonable Regulatory Risk Management
  • Curiosities Of Science, Technology, And Human Behavior
  • Chapter 16 Sustainability
  • The Reputation Of The Cannabis Plant For Sustainability
  • How Major Crops Harm The World And Why Cannabis Sativa Can Be Beneficial
  • Comparative Environmental Friendliness Of Cannabis Sativa And Other Crops
  • Biocide Reduction
  • Using Up Surplus Manure
  • Miscellaneous Environmental Advantages
  • Environmental Disadvantages
  • Saving Trees
  • Bioremediation
  • Wildlife Support
  • Environmentally Friendly Commercial Products
  • Hemp Vs. Cotton
  • Recyclability
  • Carbon Sequestering
  • Thermal Insulation Products
  • Erosion Control Blankets
  • State Subsidization Of Industrial Hemp—Good Or Bad?
  • Environmental Cost Of Indoor Production Of Marijuana
  • Ecological Damage From Irresponsible Illegal Cultivation Of Marijuana
  • The Dangerous Concept Of Employing Bioweapons To Eliminate Marijuana Plants
  • Sustainability Depends On Using Sustainable Methods
  • Curiosities Of Science, Technology, And Human Behavior
  • Chapter 17 Germplasm Resources
  • Definition Of Germplasm
  • In Situ Vs. Ex Situ Conservation Of Wild Germplasm
  • Private Ownership Of Germplasm Vs. Long-Term Conservation In Public Collections
  • World Gene Bank Situation
  • Seed Storage In Gene Banks
  • Clonal Storage In Gene Banks
  • Cell And Tissue Storage In Gene Banks
  • Core Collections
  • The Importance Of N.I. Vavilov
  • Seed Storage Conditions For Cannabis Sativa
  • The Challenge Of Preventing Pollen Contamination Of Cannabis Sativa Germplasm
  • The Shamefully Inadequate State Of Germplasm Preservation Of Cannabis Sativa
  • The Germplasm Importance Of Wild-Growing Cannabis Sativa
  • The Germplasm Importance Of Landraces Of Cannabis Sativa
  • Chinese Germplasm Of Cannabis Sativa
  • World Gene Bank Collections Of Cannabis Sativa
  • European “National Collections” Of Cannabis Sativa
  • The Vavilov Institute Collection
  • The Gatersleben Collection
  • North American Public Germplasm Collections Of Cannabis Sativa
  • Germplasm Collections And The Future Of Industrial Hemp
  • Germplasm Resources For Fiber
  • Germplasm Resources For Oilseed
  • Germplasm Resources For Essential Oil
  • Germplasm Collections And The Future Of Medicinal And Recreational Marijuana
  • Databases
  • Industrial Hemp
  • Medicinal And Recreational Cannabis
  • Guide To The Most Commonly Grown Industrial Hemp Cultivars
  • Curiosities Of Science, Technology, And Human Behavior
  • Chapter 18 Botanical Classification And Nomenclatural Issues
  • Theoretical Classification Issues
  • Scientific Classifications Often Differ
  • Scientific Names Are Often Ambiguous
  • Geographical Uncertainties Complicate Interpretation Of Groups
  • Possible Relationships Among Wild Ancestors, Domesticates, And Escapes
  • Classification Difficulties Due To Hybridization
  • Stereotypical Thinking—A Roadblock To Biological Classification
  • Classification Difficulties Due To Obliteration Of Populations By Humans
  • Taxonomic Splitting And Rank Inflation
  • The Semantic “Legal Species” Issue (Or Dressing Up A Wolf In Sheep's Clothing)
  • Domestication Complicates Classification
  • A Comparison Of Competing Classification Systems For Cannabis
  • Semantic Difficulties Concerning Sativa Type And Indica Type Cannabis Sativa
  • Homogenization Due To Gene Flow
  • Alternative Taxonomic And Nomenclatural Treatments
  • Cannabis Assemblages As Conventional Taxa
  • Cannabis Cultivar Assemblages As “Groups” Under The Cultivated Plant Code
  • Crop-Wild Assemblages As Nonformal Groups
  • Occam's Razor In Relation To The Evolution And Classification Of Cannabis
  • How Many Species Of Cannabis Merit Recognition?
  • A Rationale For Emphasizing The Principal Selected Character Complexes In Classification
  • A Practical And Natural Taxonomy For Cannabis
  • Identification Key To Subspecies And Varieties Of Cannabis Sativa L
  • Curiosities Of Science, Technology, And Human Behavior
  • Literature Cited