Introduction to Renewable Energy

Editor/Author Nelson, Vaughn C. and Starcher, Kenneth L.
Publication Year: 2016
Publisher: CRC Press

Single-User Purchase Price: $119.00
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: Not Available
ISBN: 978-1-49-870193-8
Image Count: 254
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

Introduction to Renewable Energy, Second Edition covers the fundamentals of renewable energy and serves as a resource to undergraduates in renewable energy courses, non-specialists within the energy industries, or anyone working to support the successful implementation of renewable energy.

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Table of Contents

  • List of Figures
  • List of Tables
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Authors
  • Chapter 1 Introduction
  • 1.1 Energy and Society
  • 1.2 Types of Energy
  • 1.3 Renewable Energy
  • 1.4 Advantages/Disadvantages
  • 1.5 Economics
  • 1.6 Climate Change
  • 1.7 Order of Magnitude Estimates
  • 1.8 Growth (Exponential)
  • 1.9 Solutions
  • References
  • Recommended Resources
  • Chapter 2 Energy
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Definition of Energy and Power
  • 2.3 Heat
  • 2.4 Thermodynamics
  • 2.5 Energy Dilemma in Light of the Laws of Thermodynamics
  • 2.5.1 Conservation
  • 2.5.2 Efficiency
  • 2.6 Use of Fossil Fuels
  • 2.6.1 Petroleum
  • 2.6.2 Natural Gas
  • 2.6.3 Coal
  • 2.7 Nuclear
  • 2.8 Finite Resource
  • 2.9 Summary
  • References
  • Recommended Resources
  • Chapter 3 Sun
  • 3.1 Solar Power
  • 3.2 Electromagnetic Spectrum
  • 3.2.1 Visible
  • 3.2.2 Blackbody Radiation
  • 3.3 Energy Balance of the Earth
  • 3.4 Earth-Sun Motion
  • 3.4.1 Earth Motion
  • 3.4.2 Sun Position
  • 3.5 Insolation
  • 3.6 Solar Resource
  • 3.7 Greenhouse Effect
  • References
  • Recommended Resources
  • Chapter 4 Heat Transfer and Storage
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Conduction
  • 4.3 Convection
  • 4.4 Radiation
  • 4.5 Thermal Mass
  • 4.5.1 Thermal Mass Patterns
  • 4.5.2 Specific Heat
  • 4.6 Seasonal Heating or Cooling
  • 4.7 Thermal Comfort
  • References
  • Recommended Resources
  • Chapter 5 Solar Heating and Cooling
  • 5.1 Building
  • 5.1.1 Air Quality
  • 5.1.2 Air and Vapor Barriers
  • 5.1.3 Wind and Vegetation
  • 5.2 Passive
  • 5.3 Windows and Glazing
  • 5.3.1 Other Glazings
  • 5.3.2 Solar Heating
  • 5.3.3 Shading
  • 5.4 Passive Heating and Cooling
  • 5.4.1 Direct Gain
  • 5.4.2 Indirect Gain
  • 5.4.3 Cooling
  • 5.5 Active Heating
  • 5.5.1 Flat-Plate Collectors
  • 5.5.2 Domestic Hot Water
  • 5.5.3 Swimming Pools
  • 5.6 Active Cooling
  • 5.7 Daylighting
  • 5.8 Hybrid and Other
  • 5.9 Drying Agricultural Products, Lumber
  • 5.10 Solar Cookers
  • 5.11 Water Purification
  • References
  • Recommended Resources
  • Chapter 6 Photovoltaics
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Physics Basics
  • 6.3 Energy Bands
  • 6.4 Photovoltaic Basics
  • 6.5 Performance
  • 6.6 Design Considerations
  • 6.6.1 Sizing
  • 6.6.2 Tracking
  • 6.6.3 Estimation of Energy Production
  • 6.7 Installed Capacity and Production
  • 6.8 Distributed Systems
  • 6.9 Community Solar
  • 6.10 Applications
  • 6.10.1 Grid Connected
  • 6.10.2 Village and Hybrid Power
  • 6.10.3 Stand-Alone
  • 6.11 Comments
  • References
  • Recommended Resources
  • Chapter 7 Concentrating Solar Power
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Power Tower
  • 7.3 Line or Linear
  • 7.4 Dish/Engine
  • 7.5 Point Focus
  • 7.6 Solar Pond
  • 7.7 Comments
  • References
  • Recommended Resources
  • Chapter 8 Solar Systems
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Passive Systems
  • 8.2.1 Location, Orientation, and Shape
  • 8.2.2 Indoor Space
  • 8.2.3 Windows
  • 8.2.4 Direct Gain
  • 8.2.5 Thermal Mass
  • 8.2.6 Clerestories and Skylights
  • 8.2.7 Sunroom (Solar Room) and Attached Greenhouse
  • 8.2.8 Passive Cooling
  • 8.2.9 Other
  • 8.3 Hybrid Systems
  • 8.3.1 Building
  • 8.3.2 Passive Heating and Cooling
  • 8.3.3 Solar Hot Air System
  • 8.3.4 Solar Hot Water
  • 8.3.5 Daylighting
  • 8.3.6 Electrical Generation
  • 8.3.7 Performance
  • 8.4 Active Systems
  • 8.5 Underground Homes
  • 8.6 Computer Software
  • 8.7 Others
  • 8.7.1 Straw Bale House
  • 8.7.2 Adobe and Rammed Earth
  • 8.7.3 Tire Houses, Earthships
  • 8.7.4 Double-Envelope House
  • 8.7.5 Green Building
  • References
  • Recommended Resources
  • Chapter 9 Wind Energy
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Wind Resource
  • 9.2.1 Wind Shear
  • 9.2.2 Wind Maps
  • 9.3 Wind Turbines
  • 9.4 Wind Farms
  • 9.5 Wind Industry
  • 9.6 Small Wind Turbines
  • 9.7 Distributed-Community Wind
  • 9.8 Village Power
  • 9.9 Wind Diesel
  • 9.10 Others
  • 9.11 Performance
  • 9.12 Comments
  • References
  • Recommended Resources
  • Chapter 10 Bioenergy
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Climate Change
  • 10.2.1 Climate Change-Anthropocene
  • 10.2.2 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
  • 10.3 Biomass Production
  • 10.4 Conversion
  • 10.5 Heat and Power
  • 10.5.1 Municipal Solid Waste
  • 10.5.2 Landfill Gas
  • 10.5.3 Biogas
  • 10.6 Biofuels
  • 10.6.1 Ethanol
  • 10.6.2 Biodiesel
  • 10.6.3 Biogas Digesters
  • 10.6.4 Microalgae
  • 10.7 Comments
  • References
  • Recommended Resources
  • Chapter 11 Geothermal Energy
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Resource
  • 11.3 Types of Geothermal Resources
  • 11.4 Direct Use
  • 11.4.1 Springs, Space Heating, and Others
  • 11.4.2 District Heating
  • 11.4.3 Case Studies
  • 11.5 Geothermal Heat Pumps
  • 11.6 Electricity
  • 11.6.1 Dry Steam
  • 11.6.2 Flash
  • 11.6.3 Binary Plants
  • 11.6.4 Combined Heat and Power
  • 11.6.5 Other Systems
  • 11.7 Comments
  • References
  • Recommended Resources
  • Chapter 12 Water
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 World Resource
  • 12.3 Hydroelectric
  • 12.3.1 Large (≥30 MW)
  • 12.3.2 Small Hydro (100 kW to 30 MW, 10 MW in Europe)
  • 12.3.3 Microhydro (≤100 kW)
  • 12.4 Turbines
  • 12.4.1 Impulse Turbines
  • 12.4.2 Reaction Turbines
  • 12.5 Water Flow
  • 12.6 Tides
  • 12.7 Ocean
  • 12.7.1 Currents
  • 12.7.2 Waves
  • 12.7.3 Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion
  • 12.7.4 Salinity Gradient
  • 12.8 Others
  • References
  • Recommended Resources
  • Chapter 13 Storage
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 Pumped Hydro
  • 13.2.1 Case Study
  • 13.3 Compressed Air
  • 13.4 Flywheels
  • 13.5 Batteries
  • 13.5.1 Lead Acid
  • 13.5.2 Lithium Ion
  • 13.5.3 Sodium Sulfur
  • 13.5.4 Flow Batteries
  • 13.5.4.1 Case Study
  • 13.5.5 Other Types of Batteries
  • 13.6 Other Storage Systems
  • 13.6.1 Magnetic Systems
  • 13.6.2 Capacitors
  • 13.6.3 Phase Change Materials
  • 13.7 Hydrogen
  • References
  • Recommended Resources
  • Chapter 14 Institutional Issues
  • 14.1 Introduction
  • 14.2 The United States
  • 14.2.1 Avoided Cost
  • 14.2.2 Utility Concerns
  • 14.3 Regulations
  • 14.4 Environmental Issues
  • 14.5 Politics
  • 14.6 Incentives
  • 14.6.1 The United States
  • 14.6.1.1 Federal Support
  • 14.6.1.2 State Support
  • 14.6.1.3 Green Power
  • 14.6.1.4 Net Metering
  • 14.6.2 Other Countries
  • 14.6.2.1 Wind
  • 14.6.2.2 Photovoltaic Energy, Solar Hot Water
  • 14.7 Externalities (Social Costs/Benefits)
  • 14.8 Transmission
  • References
  • Recommended Resources
  • Chapter 15 Economics
  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Factors Affecting Economics
  • 15.3 Economic Analyses
  • 15.3.1 Simple Payback
  • 15.3.2 Cost of Energy
  • 15.4 Life-Cycle Costs
  • 15.5 Present Worth and Levelized Costs
  • 15.6 Externalities
  • 15.7 Project Development
  • 15.7.1 Landowner Considerations
  • 15.8 Cost (Value) of Energy and Different Sources
  • 15.8.1 Passive Solar
  • 15.8.2 Active Solar Heat
  • 15.8.3 Photovoltaics
  • 15.8.4 Concentrating Solar Power
  • 15.8.5 Wind
  • 15.8.6 Bioenergy
  • 15.8.7 Geothermal Systems
  • 15.8.8 Water
  • 15.8.9 Village Power
  • 15.8.10 Wind Diesel
  • 15.9 Summary
  • 15.10 Future Trends
  • References
  • Recommended Resources
  • Chapter 16 Observations
  • 16.1 Solid-State Electronics
  • 16.2 Internet
  • 16.3 Geographic Information Systems
  • 16.4 Satellites
  • 16.5 Examples
  • 16.5.1 Interactive Maps
  • 16.5.2 Interactive Database
  • 16.5.3 Tools
  • 16.5.4 Others
  • 16.6 Predictions
  • 16.7 Science
  • 16.8 Authors’ Predictions
  • 16.9 On the Downside
  • References
  • Recommended Resources
  • Appendix