Earth's Landscape: An Encyclopedia of the World's Geographic Features

Editor/Author Quinn, Joyce A. and Woodward, Susan L.
Publication Year: 2015
Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 978-1-61-069445-2
Category: Geography
Image Count: 100
Book Status: Pending
Predicted Release Month:
Table of Contents

With Earth undergoing rapid environmental change, students and the general public alike should be knowledgeable about the world's geographic features. This authoritative reference describes continents and oceans; individual mountains, islands, caves, and rivers; and ecological entities such as wildlife refuges and national parks. Each entry provides a geographic overview of the feature's significance, location, description, geologic history, biota, protected areas, and environmental issues.

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Table of Contents

  • List of Entries by Geographic Location
  • Preface
  • Introduction
  • Abbreviations Used
  • A–L
  • AZ
  • Acadia National Park and Cadillac Mountain
  • Aconcagua
  • Adirondack Mountains and Mount Marcy
  • Aegean Sea
  • Aeolian Islands
  • Afar Triangle and Danakil Depression
  • Africa
  • African Rainforest
  • Aggtelek and Slovak Karst
  • Aleutian Islands
  • Altai Mountains
  • Altar Desert (Gran Desierto de Altar)
  • Altiplano-Puna
  • Amazon Rainforest
  • Amazon River
  • Amur River System
  • Anatolian Plateau
  • Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  • Andes Mountains
  • Angel Falls
  • Antarctic Islands
  • Antarctic Peninsula
  • Antarctica
  • Apennine Mountains
  • Appalachian Mountains
  • Arabian Peninsula
  • Arabian Sea
  • Aral Sea
  • Aran Islands
  • Arches National Park
  • Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
  • Arctic Ocean
  • Ascension Island
  • Ashfall Fossil Beds State Historical Park
  • Asia
  • Atacama Desert
  • Atlantic Forest (Mata Atlântica)
  • Atlantic Ocean
  • Atlas Mountains
  • Australia
  • Azores Archipelago
  • B
  • Badlands National Park
  • Baffin Island
  • The Bahamas
  • Baja California Peninsula
  • Baltic Sea
  • Basin and Range Physiographic Province
  • Bay of Bengal
  • Bay of Fundy
  • Belize Barrier Reef
  • Ben Nevis
  • Bering Sea
  • Bering Strait and Bering Land Bridge
  • Bermuda
  • Bialowieza Primeval Forest
  • Bioluminescent Bays
  • Black Forest and Vosges
  • Black Hills
  • Black Sea and Sea of Azov
  • Brahmaputra (Tsangpo) River
  • Brazilian Highlands
  • Bryce Canyon National Park
  • C
  • Caatinga
  • Calvert Cliffs
  • Cambrian Mountains
  • Canadian Arctic Archipelago
  • Canary Islands
  • Cantabrian Mountains
  • Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard, and Nantucket
  • Cape Horn (Cabo de Hornos)
  • Cape May National Wildlife Refuge
  • Cape Verde Islands
  • Caribbean Sea
  • Carlsbad Caverns and Guadalupe Mountains
  • Caroline Islands
  • Carpathian Beech Forests
  • Carpathian Mountains
  • Cascade Mountains
  • Casiquiare River
  • Caspian Sea
  • Catskill Mountains
  • Caucasus Mountains
  • Cave of the Crystals (Cueva de los Cristales)
  • Central American Isthmus
  • Central Asian Deserts—Karakum and Kyzylkum
  • Central Valley of Chile
  • Cerrado
  • Chang Jiang (Yangtze River)
  • Chapada Diamantina
  • Chesapeake Bay
  • Chevé Cave System (Sistema Chevé)
  • Chicxulub Crater
  • Chihuahuan Desert
  • Chiloé Island, the Chonos Archipelago, and the Valdivian Temperate Rainforest
  • Chimborazo
  • Chitwan National Park
  • Chocó
  • Cockpit Country
  • Colima Volcano (Volcán Colima de Fuego)
  • Colorado Plateau
  • Colorado River System
  • Columbia Icefield
  • Columbia Plateau
  • Columbia River
  • Comoros Islands
  • Congo River
  • Copper Canyon (Barrancas del Cobre)
  • Coral Sea
  • Crater Lake
  • D
  • Dakota Prairie National Grasslands
  • Danube River
  • Dasht-e-Kavir Desert and Dasht-e-Lut Desert
  • Dead Sea
  • Dean's Blue Hole
  • Death Valley National Park
  • Deccan Plateau
  • Devils Postpile National Monument
  • Devils Tower National Monument
  • Dinaric Alps
  • Dinosaur National Monument
  • Dinosaur Provincial Park
  • Dolomites
  • Don River
  • Doñana Wetlands
  • Drakensberg Mountains
  • Driftless Area
  • E
  • East China Sea
  • Easter Island (Rapa Nui)
  • Ebro River
  • Ediacara Hills
  • Edwards-Trinity Aquifer System
  • El Chichón
  • El Tatio Geyser Field
  • El Zacatón Cenote
  • Elbe River
  • English Channel
  • Ethiopian Highlands
  • Etosha Pan
  • Europe
  • European Alps
  • Everglades National Park and Big Cypress Swamp
  • F
  • Falkland (Malvinas) Islands
  • Faroe Islands
  • Fernando de Noronha Archipelago
  • Fiji Islands
  • Finger Lakes
  • Finnish Lakeland
  • Fjords of Chile; Patagonian and Magellanic Temperate Rainforests
  • Florida Karst
  • Florida Keys
  • Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument
  • Franz Josef Land (Zemlya Frantsa Iosifa)
  • Fraser Island
  • Fraser River
  • French Polynesia
  • Fynbos
  • G
  • Galápagos Islands
  • Ganges River
  • Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve
  • Giant's Causeway
  • Gilbert Islands, Phoenix Islands, and Line Islands
  • Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve
  • Gobi Desert
  • Gondwana Rainforests
  • Gran Chaco
  • Gran Sabana
  • Grand Banks
  • Grand Canyon
  • Grand Teton National Park
  • Great Artesian Basin
  • Great Barrier Reef
  • Great Basin National Park
  • Great Bear Lake and Great Slave Lake
  • Great Dismal Swamp
  • Great Dividing Range
  • Great Lakes
  • Great Salt Lake
  • Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve
  • Great Victoria Desert
  • Greater Antilles
  • Greater Sunda Islands
  • Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem
  • Greenland
  • Greenland Sea
  • Guácharo Cave (Cueva del Guácharo)
  • Guanabara Bay
  • Guiana Shield and Its Tepuis
  • Gulf of California (Sea of Cortez)
  • Gulf of Guinea Islands
  • Gulf of Mexico
  • Gulf Stream and North Atlantic Current
  • Gunung Mulu National Park
  • H
  • Ha Long Bay
  • Hardangervidda
  • Hawaiian Islands and Seamounts
  • Hebrides
  • High Coast—Kvarken Archipelago
  • Himalayan Mountains
  • Hindu Kush Mountains
  • Hot Springs Mammoth Site
  • Huang He (Yellow River)
  • Huangtu (Loess) Plateau
  • Hudson Bay
  • Hudson River
  • Humboldt Current
  • I
  • Ice Age National Scenic Trail
  • Iceland
  • Iguazu Falls (Iguassu Falls, Foz do Iguaçu, Cataratas del Iguazú)
  • Ilulissat Icefjord
  • Indian Ocean
  • Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore
  • Indus River
  • Isalo National Park
  • Ischigualasto and Talampaya Natural Parks
  • Isthmus of Tehuantepec
  • Itaimbézinho and Fortaleza Canyons
  • J
  • Jan Mayen
  • Joggins Fossil Cliffs
  • Jordan River
  • Juan Fernández Islands
  • Jura Mountains
  • K
  • The Kalahari
  • Kamchatka Peninsula
  • Karakoram Mountains
  • The Karoo
  • Katmai National Park and Preserve
  • Kenai Fjords National Park
  • Kerguelen Islands (Desolation Islands)
  • Khyber Pass
  • The Kimberley
  • Kruger National Park
  • Kunlun Shan
  • L
  • Lake Atitlán (Lago de Atitlán)
  • Lake Baikal
  • Lake Chad
  • Lake Eyre Basin and Lake Eyre
  • Lake Geneva
  • Lake Malawi (Lake Nyasa)
  • Lake Maracaibo
  • Lake Natron
  • Lake Nicaragua (Cocibolca or Mar Dulce)
  • Lake Poopó (Lago Poopó)
  • Lake Tanganyika
  • Lake Titicaca
  • Lake Turkana
  • Lake Victoria
  • Lake Vostok
  • Lascaux and Other Dordogne Valley and Vezere Valley Caves
  • Lassen Volcanic National Park
  • Lava Beds National Monument and Modoc Plateau
  • Lena River
  • Lesser Antilles
  • Lesser Sunda Islands
  • Limpopo River
  • The Llanos
  • Llanos de Mojos (Llanos de Moxos)
  • Loch Ness and the Great Glen
  • Lofoten–Vesterålen Archipelago
  • Los Azufres Geothermal Field
  • Lost City Hydrothermal Field
  • M–Z
  • M
  • Mackenzie River
  • Madagascar
  • Madeira Archipelago
  • Makgadikgadi Pans
  • Maldives
  • Mammoth Cave
  • Manú National Park
  • Mariana Islands Archipelago
  • Mariana Trench
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mascarene Islands
  • Masoala National Park
  • Massif Central
  • Matterhorn
  • McMurdo Dry Valleys and Their Lakes
  • Mediterranean Sea
  • Mekong River
  • Menabe Antimena Protected Area
  • Mesopotamia, Tigris River, and Euphrates River
  • Meteor Crater
  • Meteora
  • Mexican Plateau (Mexican Altiplano)
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge
  • Miskito Coast (La Mosquitia)
  • Mississippi River System
  • Missouri River System
  • Mojave Desert
  • Mono Lake
  • Mont Blanc Massif
  • Monte Desert
  • Monte San Giorgio
  • Monteverde Cloud Forest Biological Reserve (Reserva Biológica Bosque Nuboso Monteverde)
  • Monturaqui Crater
  • Monument Valley
  • Mount Cameroon
  • Mount Erebus
  • Mount Etna
  • Mount Everest
  • Mount Fuji
  • Mount Kenya
  • Mount Kilimanjaro
  • Mount McKinley and Denali National Park and Preserve
  • Mount Monadnock
  • Mount Olympus
  • Mount Pelée (Montagne Pelée)
  • Mount Pinatubo
  • Mount Rainier
  • Mount Roraima
  • Mount Saint Helens
  • Mount Vesuvius
  • Mount Washington and the Presidential Range
  • Mount Whitney
  • Murray–Darling River System
  • Mylodon Cave (Cueva del Milodón)
  • N
  • Namib Desert
  • Nebraska Sandhills
  • Nevado del Ruiz
  • Nevado Ojos del Salado
  • New Guinea
  • New Zealand
  • Newberry National Volcanic Monument
  • Newfoundland
  • Ngorongoro Crater
  • Niagara Falls
  • Niger River
  • Nile River
  • North America
  • North Sea
  • Novaya Zemlya Archipelago
  • Nullarbor Plain
  • O
  • Ob–Irtysh River System
  • Ogallala Aquifer
  • Ohio River System
  • Okavango Delta
  • Olympic Peninsula and Olympic Mountains
  • Orange River (Gariep River)
  • Orinoco River
  • Orkney Islands
  • Outer Banks
  • P
  • Pacific Ocean
  • Pamirs
  • The Pampas
  • Pamukkale
  • The Pantanal
  • Páramo
  • Paraná Plateau
  • Paricutín
  • Patagonian Ice Fields
  • Patagonian Plateau
  • Patos Lagoon (Lagoa dos Patos)
  • Peloponnesus
  • Persian Gulf
  • The Petén
  • Philippine Islands
  • Pico de Orizaba (Citlatépetl)
  • The Pilbara
  • Plitvice Lakes National Park
  • Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl
  • Prince Edward Islands
  • Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park
  • Puget Sound
  • Puna (Vegetation)
  • Pyrenees Mountains
  • Q
  • Qattara Depression
  • R
  • Rancho La Brea Tar Pits
  • Red Sea
  • Redwood National and State Parks
  • Rhine River
  • Rhone–Saone River System
  • Río de la Plata
  • Rio Grande (Rio Bravo del Norte)
  • Rocky Mountains
  • Ross Ice Shelf
  • Ross Sea
  • Rupununi Savanna
  • Rwenzori Mountains
  • S
  • The Sahara
  • The Sahel
  • Saint Helena
  • Saint Lawrence River (Rivière Saint-Laurent)
  • Salar de Uyuni and Salar de Atacama
  • Samoan Islands
  • San Andreas Fault System
  • São Francisco River
  • Sargasso Sea
  • Saryarka—Steppe and Lakes of Northern Kazakhstan
  • Sea of Japan (East Sea)
  • The Sechura and Peruvian Deserts
  • Serengeti Plain and Maasai Mara
  • Seychelles
  • Shark Bay
  • Shetland Islands
  • Ship Rock
  • Sierra Madre del Sur
  • Sierra Madre Occidental
  • Sierra Madre Oriental
  • Sierra Nevada
  • Sinai Peninsula
  • Snake River
  • Snake River Plain
  • Socotra Archipelago
  • Solomon Islands Archipelago
  • Sonoran Desert
  • Soufrière Hills Volcano
  • South America
  • South China Karst
  • South China Sea
  • South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
  • Southern Ocean
  • Spiny Forest
  • Strait of Gibraltar
  • Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, and Drake Passage
  • The Sudd
  • Sundarbans
  • Surtsey
  • Svalbard Archipelago
  • Swedish Lakeland
  • T
  • Talamanca Range
  • Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve
  • Tarim Basin and Takla Makan Desert
  • Tasman Sea
  • Tasmania
  • Thar Desert
  • Tian Shan
  • Tibesti Mountains
  • Tibetan Plateau
  • Tierra del Fuego
  • Tongass National Forest
  • Torres del Paine
  • Trans-Mexican Volcanic Axis (Eje Volcánico Transversal)
  • Tristan da Cunha and Gough Island
  • Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park
  • Tubbataha Reef National Marine Park
  • Turpan Depression
  • U
  • Uluru/Ayers Rock
  • Ural Mountains
  • V
  • Venice Lagoon
  • Victoria Falls (Mosi-oa-Tunya)
  • Virgin Islands
  • Virunga Mountains
  • Vizcaino Whale Sanctuary
  • Volcanic Highlands of Central America
  • Volga River
  • Vredefort Structure (Vredefort Dome)
  • W
  • Wadden Sea
  • Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley)
  • Walcott Quarry
  • Waterton–Glacier International Peace Park
  • West Norwegian Fjords—Geirangerfjord and Nærøyfjord
  • Western Ghats
  • Western Madagascar Wetlands
  • White Sands
  • Wrangel Island
  • X
  • Xi (Pearl) River System
  • Y
  • Yenisey–Angara River System
  • Yosemite National Park
  • Yucatán Peninsula
  • Yukon River
  • Z
  • Zagros Mountains
  • Zambezi River
  • Zapata Swamp (Ciénega de Zapata)
  • Zion National Park
  • Appendix 1: The Highest, Lowest, Biggest, Deepest Places: “Top Tens” and Other Global Comparisons
  • Appendix 2: Opposing Viewpoints: Issues Related to Natural Features
  • Appendix 3: Activities and Discussion Questions
  • Glossary
  • Recommended Resources
  • About the Authors