Water Treatment: Theory and Practice

Editor/Author Sengupta, Sukalyan
Publication Year: 2016
Publisher: Momentum Press

Single-User Purchase Price: $65.00
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: $97.50
ISBN: 978-1-60-650572-4
Category: Science - Environmental sciences
Image Count: 25
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

This book intends to encourage the reader to think beyond a series of treatment operations to a holistic understanding of water balance, demand and supply, and sustainability.

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Table of Contents

    • LIST OF FIGURES
    • LIST OF TABLES
    • PREFACE
    • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
    • 1. CHEMICAL CONCEPTS
    • Preamble
    • 1.1 Concentration
    • 1.1.1 Molar Concentration
    • 1.1.2 Equivalent Concentration
    • 1.2 Chemical Equilibrium
    • 1.2.1 Henry's Law
    • 1.2.2 Acid and Base Dissociation Constant
    • 1.2.3 Solubility Product
    • 1.2.4 Alkalinity
    • References
    • 2. REACTION KINETICS
    • 2.1 Introduction
    • 2.2 Stoichiometry and Reaction Rate
    • 2.3 Order of Reaction and Specific Rate Constant
    • 2.4 Types of Reactions
    • 2.4.1 Consecutive Reactions
    • 2.4.2 Equilibrium Constant
    • Reference
    • 3. REACTORS
    • 3.1 Sequencing Batch Reactor
    • 3.2 Continuously Stirred Tank Reactor
    • 3.2.1 CSTRs in Series (Cascade)
    • 3.3 Plug Flow Reactor
    • 3.4 Dispersion Model
    • References
    • 4. GROUNDWATER TREATMENT
    • 4.1 Aeration
    • 4.1.1 Kinetics
    • 4.1.2 Cascade Aeration
    • 4.2 Softening
    • 4.2.1 Hardness
    • 4.2.1.1 Total, Carbonate, and Non-carbonate Hardness
    • 4.2.2 Lime Soda Softening
    • 4.2.2.1 Softening Reactions
    • 4.3 Iron and Manganese Removal
    • References
    • 5. SURFACE WATER TREATMENT
    • 5.1 Coagulation
    • 5.1.1 Coagulant Dose Determination
    • 5.1.2 Design of A Coagulation Chamber
    • 5.2 Flocculation
    • 5.3 Sedimentation
    • 5.3.1 Type I Sedimentation
    • 5.3.2 Particle Removal in a Horizontal Sedimentation Tank
    • 5.3.3 Type II Sedimentation
    • 5.4 Filtration
    • 5.4.1 Hydraulics of Filtration
    • 5.5 Disinfection
    • 5.5.1 The “CT” Concept
    • 5.5.2 Chlorine/Ammonia Reactions
    • References
    • 6. WATER TREATMENT PLANT RESIDUALS MANAGEMENT
    • 6.1 Physical, Chemical, and Biological Properties of Residuals
    • 6.2 Specific Gravity of Sludge
    • 6.2.1 Density of Sludge
    • 6.2.2 Volume of Sludge
    • 6.3 Management of Coagulation Sludge
    • 6.4 Management of Lime Soda Softening Sludge
    • 6.5 Management of Residual Sludges
    • 6.5.1 Thickening
    • 6.5.1.1 Gravity Thickening
    • 6.5.1.2 Flotation Thickening
    • 6.5.2 Conditioning
    • 6.5.3 Dewatering
    • 6.5.3.1 Sand Drying Beds
    • 6.5.3.2 Solar Drying Beds
    • 6.5.3.3 Dewatering Lagoons
    • 6.5.3.4 Vacuum Filters
    • 6.5.3.5 Belt Filter Presses
    • 6.5.3.6 Centrifuges
    • 6.6 Resource Recovery
    • 6.7 Final Disposal
    • References
    • 7. NEW TECHNOLOGIES
    • 7.1 Adsorption
    • 7.1.1 Adsorption Isotherm
    • 7.1.1.1 Langmuir Model
    • 7.1.1.2 Freundlich Model
    • 7.2 Membrane Technologies
    • 7.2.1 Microfiltration
    • 7.2.2 Ultrafiltration
    • 7.2.3 Nanofiltration
    • 7.2.4 Reverse Osmosis
    • References
    • AUTHOR BIOGRAPHY