Contemporary World Issues: Profiling and Criminal Justice in America: A Reference Handbook

Editor/Author Bumgarner, Jeff
Publication Year: 2014
Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 978-1-61-069851-1
Category: Social Sciences - Criminology & Law
Image Count: 10
Book Status: Pending
Predicted Release Month:
Table of Contents

This accessible, single-volume reference book examines profiling as it pertains to the criminal justice system in the United States, providing non-partisan information that illuminates the full scope of the profiling issue and discusses the possible impact of profiling on all American citizens.

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Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • 1 BACKGROUND AND HISTORY
  • Introduction
  • Definitions
  • Importance of Studying Criminal Justice Profiling
  • The Criminal Justice System
  • Profiling and Political Philosophy
  • Pluralism: The American Ideal
  • Elitism: The American Reality?
  • Applications of Criminal Justice Profiling
  • Profiling by the Police
  • The Origins of Police Institutions
  • Slave Patrols
  • Emerging Theories of Crime and Profiling
  • Common Police Profiles
  • The Hijacker
  • The Serial Killer
  • Drug Courier
  • Proactive and Reactive Profiling
  • Prosecutorial and Judicial Profiling
  • References
  • 2 PROBLEMS, CONTROVERSIES, AND SOLUTIONS
  • Stereotyping and Profiling
  • Police Discretion
  • Charging Decisions
  • In Court
  • At Sentencing
  • Constitution and Civil Rights
  • Pros and Cons of Criminal Profiling
  • Arguments against Profiling
  • Arguments for Profiling
  • Remedies
  • Profiling after September 11
  • References
  • 3 PERSPECTIVES
  • About PERSPECTIVES
  • On Racial Profiling: Thorvald O. Dahle
  • Criminal Behavioral Profiling—A Critical Perspective: Penny R. Shtull
  • Media Influence on Perceived Offender-Victim Relationship: Paige Heinrich
  • Going beyond “Flying While Arab”—Islamophobic Profiling in the Era of Homeland Security: Connie M. Koski
  • Profiling as a Positive Intervention for Managing People with Mental Illness in the Criminal Justice System: Pat Nelson
  • Negative Stereotypes, Discrimination, Poverty, and Anger—The Enduring Factors Leading to African Americans’ Overrepresentation in Prison: Lauren Kientz Anderson
  • Epidemic Proportions: How Person and Environment Combine in the Overrepresentation of African Americans in the Criminal Justice System: Raphael Travis Jr.
  • 4 PROFILES
  • About Profiles
  • Personalities
  • Freda Adler (1933–)
  • Joe Arpaio (1932–)
  • Harry A. Blackmun (1908–1999)
  • Julian Bond (1940–)
  • Henry Brown (1836–1913)
  • Warren E. Burger (1907–1995)
  • William J. Clinton (1946–)
  • Morris Dees (1936–)
  • John Douglas (1947–)
  • W.E.B. DuBois (1868–1963)
  • Franz Gall (1758–1828)
  • Ruth Bader Ginsburg (1933–)
  • Herman Goldstein (1931–)
  • John M. Harlan (1833–1911)
  • Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679)
  • J. Edgar Hoover (1895–1972)
  • Jesse Jackson (1941–)
  • Martin Luther King Jr. (1929–1968)
  • Rodney King (1965–2012)
  • John Lewis (1940–)
  • Cesare Lombroso (1835–1909)
  • Thurgood Marshall (1908–1993)
  • Kweisi Mfume (1948–)
  • Rosa Parks (1913–2005)
  • Lewis Powell (1907–1998)
  • William H. Rehnquist (1924–2005)
  • Janet Reno (1938–)
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778)
  • Margaret Sanger (1879–1966)
  • Antonin Scalia (1936–)
  • Al Sharpton (1954–)
  • Roger Taney (1777–1864)
  • August Vollmer (1876–1955)
  • Earl Warren (1891–1974)
  • Ida B. Wells (1862–1931)
  • Byron White (1917–2002)
  • Christine Todd Whitman (1947–)
  • James Q. Wilson (1931–2012)
  • O. W. Wilson (1900–1972)
  • Organizations and Agencies
  • Private Organizations
  • Federal Government Agencies
  • State Government Agencies
  • 5 DATA AND DOCUMENTS
  • ABOUT DATA AND DOCUMENTS
  • Government Documents
  • Civil Rights Complaints in U.S. District Court: 1990–2006
  • Confronting Discrimination in the Post-9/11 Era: Challenges and Opportunities Ten Years Later
  • Contacts between the Police and the Public, 2008
  • Correctional Populations in the United States, 2012
  • End Racial Profiling Act of 2013
  • Guidelines Regarding the Use of Race by Federal Law Enforcement Agencies
  • Immigration Offenders in the Federal Justice System, 2010
  • Police Behavior during Traffic and Street Stops, 2011
  • Prisoners in 2011
  • Probation and Parole in the United States, 2011
  • Protecting Civil Rights: A Leadership Guide for State, Local, and Tribal Law Enforcement
  • Protecting the Rights of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Intersex Individuals
  • Protecting Women's Rights
  • Racial Profiling: Legal and Constitutional Issues
  • Racial Profiling Factsheet
  • Key Supreme Court Cases
  • About Key Supreme Court Cases
  • Korematsu v. United States, 323 U.S. 214 (1944)
  • Hoyt v. Florida, 368 U.S. 57 (1961)
  • Delaware v. Prouse, 440 U.S. 648 (1979)
  • Batson v. Kentucky, 476 U.S. 79 (1986)
  • United States v. Sokolow, 490 U.S. 1 (1989)
  • Whren v. United States (1996)
  • 6 RESOURCES
  • Academic Studies
  • Books
  • 7 CHRONOLOGY
  • Glossary
  • About the Author