Dictionary of Media and Communication Studies

Editor/Author Watson, James and Hill, Anne
Publication Year: 2015
Publisher: Bloomsbury

Price: Core Collection Only
ISBN: 978-1-62-892148-9
Category: Social Sciences - Media & Communications
Image Count: 29
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

The Dictionary of Media and Communication Studies has provided students and the general public alike with a gateway into the study of intercultural communication, public relations and marketing communications since 1984. In this 9th edition, James Watson and Anne Hill provide a detailed compendium of the different facets of personal, group, mass-media and internet communication that continues to be a vital source of information for all those interested in how communication affects our lives.

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Table of Contents

  • About the Authors
  • Preface to the 9th edition
  • A checklist for use
  • Acknowledgements
  • Abbreviations: A selection
  • Topic guide
  • A
  • AA-certificate, A-certificate
  • Aberrant decoding
  • Abstraction, ladder of
  • ABX model of communication
  • Accent
  • Accessed voices
  • Accommodation, politics of
  • Accountability of media
  • Acculturation, deculturation
  • Action code
  • Active-audience thesis
  • Active participation
  • Activism
  • Actuality
  • Actualization
  • Adaptors
  • Advertising
  • Advertising: ambient advertising
  • Advertising boycotts
  • Advertising: Internet advertising
  • Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) UK
  • Advertising: targeted advertising
  • Aesthetic Code
  • Affect displays
  • Affective
  • Agenda-setting
  • Agenda-setting research
  • Agitprop
  • Agora
  • AIDA model
  • Alexandra Palace
  • Alienation
  • Alignment
  • al-Jazeera
  • Alleyne's news revolution model, 1997
  • Allness attitude
  • Allusion
  • Alternative computing
  • Alternative (radical) media
  • Amazon.com
  • Amplitude
  • Analysis: modes of media analysis
  • Anarchist cinema
  • Anchorage
  • Andersch, Staats and Bostrom's model of communication, 1969
  • Anecdote
  • Animatic
  • Animation
  • Annan Commission Report on Broadcasting, 1977
  • Anomie
  • Anticipatory compliance
  • Anti-language
  • Anti-Terrorism, Crime and Security Act (UK), 2001
  • Apache silence
  • Apocryphal stories
  • App
  • Apple Macintosh
  • Arbitrariness
  • ‘Areopagitica’
  • Article 19
  • Assertiveness
  • Attention model of mass communication
  • Attitudes
  • Attribute dimensions of agenda-setting
  • Attribution theory
  • Audience
  • Audience: active audience
  • Audience: fragmentation of
  • Audience differentiation
  • Audience measurement
  • Audience needs
  • Autocue
  • Avaaz
  • Avant-garde
  • B
  • Bad language
  • Back region, front region
  • Balanced programming
  • Ball-Rokeach and DeFleur's dependency model of mass communication effects, 1976
  • Band-wagon effect
  • Bandwidth
  • BARB
  • Barnlund's transactional models of communication, 1970
  • Barrier signals
  • Basic needs
  • Bass's ‘double action’ model of ­internal news flow, 1969
  • Baton signal
  • British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC): origins
  • BBC
  • BBC digital
  • BBC iPlayer
  • BBC Worldwide
  • BBC Written Archives
  • Becker's mosaic model of communication, 1968
  • Behavioural cues
  • Behavioural targeting
  • Behaviourism
  • Berlo's SMCR model of communication, 1960
  • Berlusconi phenomenon
  • Bernstein's wheel, 1984
  • Beveridge Committee Report on Broadcasting, 1950
  • Bias, biased
  • Big Data
  • Bigotry
  • Binary opposition
  • Black English
  • Blacklisting
  • Biometrics
  • Blogging
  • Blogosphere
  • Body language
  • Body of European Regulators in Electronic Communications (BEREC)
  • Boomerang effect
  • Boomerang response
  • B-Picture
  • Brand
  • Breakup model of audience fragmentation
  • Bricolage
  • British Black English
  • British Board of Film Censors (BBFC)
  • British Broadcasting Company/British Broadcasting Corporation
  • British Film Institute (BFI)
  • British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB)
  • Broadband
  • Broadcast and narrowcast codes
  • Broadcasting
  • Broadcasting Act (UK), 1980
  • Broadcasting Act (UK), 1990
  • Broadcasting Act (UK), 1996
  • Broadcasting Code (UK)
  • Broadcasting legislation (UK)
  • Broadcasting research
  • Broadsheet
  • BSkyB
  • Butler Report (UK), 2004
  • Byline
  • C
  • Cable and Broadcasting Act (UK), 1984
  • Cable television
  • Cahiers du Cinéma
  • Calcutt Committee Reports on Privacy and Related Matters, 1990 and 1993
  • Camera
  • Camera obscura
  • Campaign
  • Campaign for Press and Broadcasting ­Freedom
  • Campaigning
  • Captive audience advertising
  • Cards
  • Caricature
  • Cartoons
  • Catch-up TV
  • Catalyst effect
  • Catharsis
  • CCTV: Closed-circuit television
  • Celebrity
  • Cellular radio
  • Censorship
  • Centrality
  • Certification of films (UK)
  • Chamberlain, Lord
  • Channel
  • Channel capacity
  • Channel 4 (UK)
  • Channel 5 (UK)
  • Chapultepec, Declaration of, 1994
  • Characteristics of mass communications
  • Chequebook journalism
  • Chronology
  • Churnalism
  • Cigarette cards: cultural indicators
  • Cine-clubs
  • Cinema
  • CinemaScope
  • Cinématographie
  • Cinematography, origins
  • Cinéma vérité
  • Cinerama
  • Circumvention tools
  • Citizen journalism
  • Civil inattention
  • Clash of Civilizations
  • Clapper board
  • Claptrap
  • Class
  • Classic FM
  • Climate of opinion
  • Climate of compliance
  • Climax order
  • Clipper chip
  • Clique
  • Closed text
  • Closure
  • Cloud computing
  • Cocktail party problem
  • Code of broadcasting (UK)
  • Codes of advertising practice
  • Code of semes
  • Codes
  • Codes of narrative
  • Cognitive (and affective)
  • Cognitive capture
  • Cognitive Consistency theories
  • Cognitive dissonance
  • Cold media, hot media
  • Collocation
  • Collodion or wet-plate process
  • Colloquialism
  • Colonization
  • Comic impetus
  • Comics
  • Commanders of the social order
  • Commercial confidentiality
  • Commercial Laissez Faire model
  • Commercial radio: origins
  • Commissions/committees on the media
  • Common sense
  • Commons knowledge
  • Communication
  • Communication: intercultural communication
  • Communication, functions
  • Communication integration
  • Communication, interpersonal
  • Communication, intrapersonal
  • Communication: mobile concept of
  • Communication models
  • Communication, non-verbal (NVC)
  • Communication postulates
  • Communications Act (UK), 2003
  • Communications conglomerates
  • Communications Decency Act (US)
  • Communication theory
  • Communication workers
  • Communicative rationality
  • Communicology
  • Community radio
  • Compassion fatigue
  • Competence
  • Compliance
  • Compliance, climate of
  • Compliance, identification and internalization
  • Complicity of users
  • Compression technology
  • Computer
  • Computing: cloud computing
  • Conative function of communication
  • Concurrence-seeking tendency
  • Confederates
  • Confirmation/disconfirmation
  • Conglomerates: media conglomerates
  • Connotation
  • Consensus
  • Consent, manufacture of
  • Consistency
  • Consonance, hypothesis of
  • Conspiracy of silence
  • Contiguity
  • Constituency
  • Consumerization
  • Consumer sovereignty
  • Consumption behaviour
  • Contagion effect
  • Content analysis
  • Control group
  • Control of the media
  • Conventions
  • Convergence
  • Conversational styles
  • Co-orientation approach
  • Copycat effect
  • Copyrighting culture
  • Core nations, peripheral nations
  • Corporate speech
  • Corporations and media
  • Cosmopolite and localite channels
  • Cosmopoliteness
  • Costeja Ruling
  • Couch potato
  • Counterculture
  • Countermodernization
  • Coups and earthquakes syndrome
  • Creole
  • Crimes of self-publicity
  • Crisis definition
  • Critical news analysis
  • Cropping
  • Cross-media ownership
  • Crowdsourcing or Crowdfunding
  • Cryptography
  • Cues
  • Cultivation
  • Cultural apparatus
  • Cultural capital
  • Cultural Indicators research project
  • Cultural industry
  • Cultural memory
  • Cultural metaphor
  • Cultural modes
  • Cultural or citizen rights and the media
  • Cultural racism
  • Culture
  • Culture: consumer culture
  • Culture: copyrighting culture
  • Culture: globalization of
  • Culture: intercultural communication
  • Culture jamming
  • Culture of deference
  • Culture: popular culture
  • Cultures of organizations
  • Custom audience research
  • Cybernetics
  • Cyberspace
  • Cylinder or rotary press
  • D
  • DAB: Digital Audio Broadcasting
  • DA (Defence Advisory) Notices
  • Daguerreotype
  • Dance's helical model of communication, 1967
  • Data footprint
  • Data mining
  • Data protection
  • Data Protection Principles
  • Decency: Communications Decency Act, 1996
  • Decisive moment
  • Declaration on the Mass Media (UNESCO General Council, 1978)
  • Decode
  • Deconstruction
  • Decreolization
  • Deep Dish TV
  • Deep focus
  • Deep structure
  • Deep throat
  • Defamation
  • Defensive communication
  • Deference, culture of
  • Deliberative listening
  • Democracy and the media
  • Democratization
  • Demographic analysis
  • Demonization
  • Demotic turn
  • Denotation
  • Dependency theory
  • Deregulation
  • Deregulation, five myths of
  • Desensitization
  • Detachment, ideology of
  • Determiner deletion
  • Determinism
  • Developmental news
  • Deviance
  • Deviant
  • Diachronic linguistics
  • Dialect
  • Diary stories
  • Diffusion
  • Digital activism
  • Digital Economy Act (UK), 2010
  • Digital natives, digital immigrants
  • Digital optimism
  • Digitization
  • Digital retouching
  • Digital video disc (DVD)
  • Direct cinema
  • Disconfirmation
  • Discourse
  • Discourse analysis
  • Discourse of power
  • Discursive communication
  • Discursive contestation
  • Discursive gap
  • Disempowerment
  • Disenfranchisement (of readership)
  • Disinformation
  • Displacement effect
  • Disqualifying communication
  • Dissolve
  • Dissonance
  • Distributed denial of service (DoS)
  • Diversification
  • D-Notices
  • Documentary
  • Dolly
  • Domestication of the foreign
  • Dominant culture
  • Dominant discourse
  • Dominant, subordinate, radical
  • Double exposure
  • Doughnut principle
  • Downloading
  • Dramadoc
  • Drama: television drama
  • Drama: web or online drama
  • Dress
  • Dry-run
  • Dub, dubbing
  • Duopoly
  • DVD
  • DVD games
  • Dyad
  • Dynamic mediation
  • E
  • Eady Plan, Eady Levy
  • e-book
  • Echelon
  • Echo chamber effect
  • Effects of the mass media
  • Eisenberg's model of communication and identity, 2001
  • Elaborated and Restricted Codes
  • Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF)
  • Electronic mail: email
  • Elite
  • Ellul's theory of technique
  • Email
  • Emancipatory use of the media
  • Embargo
  • Embedded reporters
  • Emblem
  • Emotive language
  • Empathetic listening
  • Empathy
  • Empirical
  • Empowerment
  • Encode
  • Encrypt
  • Enculturation
  • Enigma code
  • Entropy
  • Ephemera
  • EPISTLE
  • Establishing shot
  • Establishment
  • Ethnic
  • Ethnocentrism
  • Ethnographic approach to audience research
  • Ethnophaulisms
  • Ethnorelativism
  • Ethos
  • Euphemism
  • Euronet
  • European Community and media: ‘Television without frontiers’
  • Europe: cross-border TV channels
  • Event
  • Event: Americanizing of
  • Excorporation
  • Exnomination
  • Exotica
  • Expectation, horizons of
  • Expectations
  • Experimental group
  • Extracted information
  • Extrapersonal communication
  • Eye contact and gaze
  • F
  • Facebook
  • Facework
  • Facial expression
  • Facsimile
  • Faction
  • Fade in
  • Fairness Doctrine (USA)
  • Fatwa
  • Fax
  • Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
  • Feedback
  • Feminism
  • Fibre-optic technology
  • Fiction values
  • Film
  • Film censorship
  • Film noir
  • First Amendment (US, 1791)
  • First impressions
  • Five filters of the news process
  • Five myths of deregulation
  • Flak
  • Flashback
  • Flat earth news
  • Fleet Street
  • Flickr
  • Flow
  • Fly on the wall
  • Focus groups
  • Foe creation
  • Folk culture
  • Folk devils
  • Footage
  • Footprint
  • Four stages in audience fragmentation
  • Fourteen-Day Rule (UK)
  • Fourth Estate
  • Fragmentation of audience
  • Framing: interpersonal
  • Framing: media
  • Franchise
  • Franchises for Independent Television (UK)
  • Frankfurt school of theorists
  • Freedom of Information Act (UK), 2005
  • Frequency
  • Front
  • Front region, back region
  • Functionalist (mode of media analysis)
  • Functions of communication
  • Functions of mass media
  • G
  • Gagging order
  • Galtung and Ruge's model of selective gatekeeping, 1965
  • Games
  • Gatekeeping
  • Gender
  • Gender and media monitoring
  • Gendered genre
  • Genderlects
  • Gender signals
  • Genre
  • Gerbner's model of communication, 1956
  • Gestural dance
  • Gestural echo
  • Gesture
  • Ghost-writer
  • Glasgow University Media Group
  • Glasnost
  • Globalization (and the media)
  • Globalization: three engines of
  • Global media system: the main players
  • Global scrutiny
  • Global village
  • Glocalization
  • Golden pen of freedom
  • Google
  • Gossip
  • Gossip networks
  • Gramophone
  • Grip
  • Groups
  • Groupthink
  • Grub Street
  • Grunig and Hunt: four models of public relations practice, 1984
  • Guard dog metaphor
  • Guide signs
  • H
  • Habitus
  • Hacker, hacktivist
  • Halo effect
  • Hammocking
  • Hankey Committee Report on Television, 1943
  • Hard times scenario
  • Harmonious interaction
  • Hays Office
  • Head nods
  • Hearsay
  • Hedges
  • Hegemony
  • Helical model of communication
  • Heliological metaphor
  • He/man language
  • Herman and Chomsky's propaganda model
  • Hermeneutic code
  • Hermeneutics
  • Heterophily
  • Hidden agenda
  • Hidden needs
  • Hierarchy
  • High and low context communication
  • Highbrow
  • High fidelity
  • High-speed photography
  • Historical allusion
  • Historical revisionism
  • Hollywood
  • Holography
  • Home Service
  • Homo narrans
  • Homophily
  • Horizons of expectation
  • Horizontal integration
  • Horse-race story
  • Hot buttons
  • Hot media, cold media
  • HUAC: House Un-American Activities Committee
  • Huffington Post
  • Human Rights Act (UK), 2000
  • Human Rights Watch
  • Hunt Committee Report on Cable Expansion and Broadcasting Policy (UK), 1982
  • Hutton Report (UK), 2004
  • Hybridization
  • Hyperreality
  • Hypertext
  • Hyphenized abridgement
  • Hypodermic needle model of communication
  • Hypothesis
  • Hypothesis of consonance
  • I
  • Icelandic Modern Media Initiative (IMMI)
  • Iconic
  • Id, ego, super-ego
  • Ideational functions of language
  • Identification
  • Identity
  • Idents
  • Ideological presumption
  • Ideological state apparatuses
  • Ideology
  • Ideology of detachment
  • Ideology of romance
  • Ideology of silence
  • Idiolect
  • Idiot salutations
  • Image
  • Image, rhetoric of
  • IMAX
  • Immediacy
  • Immersive technology
  • Impact of the mass media
  • Impartiality
  • Imperialism in information systems
  • Implication
  • Impression management
  • Independent Television (ITV), UK
  • Index
  • Index as a sign
  • Indicators
  • Inductive reasoning
  • Indymedia
  • Inference
  • Inflection
  • Influence of the mass media
  • Info-rich, info-poor
  • Information blizzards
  • Information commons
  • Information gaps
  • Information society
  • Information suburbs
  • Information surplus
  • Information technology (IT)
  • Information Technology Advisory Panel (ITAP) Report on Cable Systems
  • Infotainment
  • Inheritance factor
  • Inner-outer directed
  • Inoculation effect
  • Insert shot
  • Instagram
  • Institution
  • Insult signals
  • Integrateds
  • Integration
  • Integration: vertical and horizontal
  • Integrity of the text
  • Intellectual property
  • Intensity
  • Interaction
  • Interaction Process Analysis, 1950
  • Interactive television
  • Intercultural communication
  • Internal credits
  • Internalization
  • Internationalization of Media Studies
  • International Commission for the Study of Communication Problems Report, 1980
  • International Federation of Journalists (IFJ)
  • International Law Enforcement Telecommunications Seminar (ILETS)
  • International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC)
  • Internet
  • Internet: denial of service (DoS)
  • Internet: monitoring of content
  • Internet: wireless Internet
  • Interpersonal communication
  • Interpretant
  • Intertextuality
  • Intervening variables (IVS)
  • Intervention
  • Interviews
  • Intrapersonal communication
  • Investigatory Powers Act (RIPA) (UK), 2000
  • Invisibility
  • Involvement
  • Issue proponents
  • Issues
  • ITV (UK)
  • J
  • J-Curve
  • Jakobson's model of communication, 1958
  • Jargon
  • JICNARS scale
  • Jingoism
  • Johari Window
  • Journalese
  • Journalism
  • Journalism: celebrity journalism
  • Journalism: citizen journalism
  • Journalism: data journalism
  • Journalism: drone journalism
  • Journalism: investigative journalism
  • Journalism: participatory journalism
  • Journalism: phone-hacking, the News of the World scandal
  • K
  • Katz and Lazarsfeld's two-step flow model of mass communication and personal influence
  • Kepplinger and Habermeier's Events Typology
  • Kernal and satellite
  • Kindle
  • Kineme
  • Kinesics
  • Kinetoscope
  • ‘Kite’ co-orientation approach
  • Knowns, unknowns
  • KPFA Radio
  • Kuleshov effect
  • Kuuki
  • L
  • Label libel
  • Labelling process (and the media)
  • Language
  • Language pollution
  • Langue and parole
  • Lasswell's model of communication, 1948
  • Latitudes of acceptance and rejection
  • Laugh track
  • Law of minimal effects
  • LBC: London Broadcasting Corporation
  • Leadership
  • Leakage
  • Leaks
  • Legislation
  • Legitimation/delegitimation
  • Leveson Inquiry and Report (2011–12)
  • Lexis
  • Libel
  • ‘Libel tourism’
  • Liberal Press theory
  • Life positions
  • Lifestyle
  • Light Programme
  • Lindup Committee Report on Data Protection, 1978
  • Linguistic determinism
  • Linguistics
  • Linotype printing
  • Listening
  • Lithography
  • Lloyd's List
  • Lobbying
  • Lobby Practice
  • Localization
  • Looking behaviour
  • Lookism
  • Loony Leftism
  • Lord Chamberlain (UK)
  • Lowbrow
  • LP
  • M
  • MacBride Commission
  • Machinery of representation
  • Magnum
  • Mainstreaming
  • Male-as-norm
  • Maletzke's model of the mass communication process, 1963
  • Malware
  • Manning Case
  • Manufacture of consent
  • March of Time
  • Marginality
  • Marketing
  • Market liberalism
  • Market research
  • Market threshold
  • Marxist (mode of media analysis)
  • Maslow's hierarchy of needs
  • Mass communication
  • Massification
  • Mass manipulative model of (media) communication
  • Mass media
  • Mass media effects
  • Mass Observation
  • Mass self-communication
  • Mathematical theory of communication
  • Max Headroom
  • McCombs and Shaw's agenda-setting model of media effects, 1976
  • McGuffin
  • McLeod and Chaffee's ‘kite’ model, 1973
  • McLuhanism
  • McNelly's model of news flow, 1959
  • McQuail's accountability of media model, 1997
  • McQuail's four stages of audience fragmentation, 1997
  • Meaning
  • Meaning systems
  • ‘Mean world’ syndrome
  • Media accountability
  • Media activism
  • Media control
  • Mediacy
  • Media effects
  • Media: hot and cold
  • Media imperialism
  • Media moguls: four sources of concern
  • Media-Most
  • Media: new media
  • Mediapolis
  • Media research centres
  • Mediasphere
  • Media Studies: the internationalization of Media Studies
  • Media technology
  • Media theory: purpose and uses
  • Mediation
  • Mediatization
  • Media user ethics
  • Media workers
  • Medio communication
  • Medium
  • Medium is the message
  • Message
  • Metamessage
  • Metaphor
  • Metasignal
  • Metonymy
  • Microsoft Windows
  • Micro-myth, macro-myth
  • Milieu
  • Milton's paradox
  • Mimetic/semiosic planes
  • Minneapolis City Council inquiry into pornography
  • Minority Report of Mr Selwyn Lloyd
  • Miracle of Fleet Street
  • Misinformed society
  • Mix, mixing
  • Mobile concept of communication
  • Mobile phone
  • Mobilization
  • Modality
  • Model
  • Modem
  • Modes of media analysis
  • Monofunctional
  • Monopoly, four scandals of
  • Monotype printing
  • Monroe motivated sequence
  • Montage
  • Moral economy
  • Moral entrepreneurs
  • Moral panics and the media
  • Moral rights (in a text)
  • Mores
  • Morphing
  • Morphology
  • Morse Code
  • Mother tongue
  • Motion capture
  • Motivation
  • Motivation research (MR)
  • MP3, MP4
  • Mr Gate
  • M-time, P-time
  • MTV
  • Multi-actuality
  • Multicultural London English (MLE)
  • Multiplane
  • Multiple image
  • Multiplier effect
  • Murdoch effect
  • Musical: film musical
  • Music Television
  • Myspace
  • Mystification
  • Myth
  • Myths of deregulation
  • N
  • Narcotizing dysfunction
  • Narration
  • Narrative
  • Narrative codes
  • Narrative: kernel and satellite
  • Narrative paradigm
  • Narratives: grand narratives
  • Narrowcasting
  • National Film Archive (UK)
  • Naturalistic illusion (of television)
  • Necessity, supervening social necessity (technology)
  • Needs
  • Negative news values
  • Negativization
  • Negotiated code
  • Neo-liberalism
  • Neologism
  • Net
  • Netizens
  • Network
  • Network neutrality
  • Neuromarketing
  • Newcomb's ABX model of communication, 1953
  • New media
  • News
  • News agencies
  • News Aid?
  • News: audience evaluation, six dimensions of
  • News: audience for news
  • News consensus
  • News Corp
  • News elements: breaking, explanatory, deep background
  • News: flat earth news
  • News frameworks
  • News, globalization of
  • News-literate
  • News management
  • News management in times of war
  • Newspaper price wars
  • Newspapers, origins (UK/US)
  • Newspeak
  • News: public relations news (PRN)
  • News: rage inducement
  • Newsreel
  • News selection
  • News: structure of reassurance
  • News: the ‘maleness’ of news?
  • News values
  • News waves
  • New visibility
  • New Wave
  • N-Gen
  • ‘Niche’ audiences
  • Nickelodeon
  • Nielsen ratings
  • Nine American lifestyles
  • Noelle-Neumann's spiral of silence model of public opinion, 1974
  • Noise
  • Non-verbal behaviour: repertoire
  • Non-verbal communication
  • Non-verbal vocalizations
  • Normative theories of mass media
  • Norms
  • Northcliffe revolution
  • N-step theory
  • Nudge
  • NVC
  • O
  • Object
  • Objectivity
  • Object language
  • Obscene signals
  • Obsolescence
  • O'Dwyer case
  • Oeuvre
  • Ofcom: Office of Communications (UK)
  • Official Secrets Act (UK)
  • Oligopolization
  • Omnimax
  • One-step, two-step, multi-step flow models of communication
  • Online campaigning
  • Online drama
  • Onomatopoeia
  • Open, closed texts
  • Open-source
  • Opera omnia
  • Opinion leader
  • Opinion poll
  • Oppositional code
  • Optical fibre cable
  • Opus
  • Oral culture
  • Orality: primary and secondary
  • Order, visions of
  • Orphan work
  • Organization cultures
  • Ordinariness
  • Orientalism
  • Orientation
  • Other
  • Outer-inner directed
  • Overhearing
  • Overkill signals
  • Ownership and control of mass media
  • Oz Trial
  • P
  • Packaging
  • Panopticon gaze
  • Paparazzo
  • Paradigm (paradigmic)
  • Paradigms of the media
  • Paralanguage
  • Parental Guidance (PG)
  • Participant observation
  • Partisan
  • Participatory journalism
  • Passivity
  • Patch
  • Paternity of the text
  • Patriarchy
  • Patriot Act (US), 2001
  • Pauper press
  • Paywall
  • PeaceNet
  • ‘Pencil of Nature’
  • People's Communication Charter
  • Perception
  • Performance
  • Performativity
  • Performance capture
  • Performatives
  • Periodicity
  • Persistence of vision
  • Persona
  • Personal idiom
  • Personal space
  • Personalization
  • Personalization, involvement, contiguity, ‘kick-outs’
  • PEST
  • Phatic (language)
  • Phoneme
  • Phone-tapping
  • Phonetics
  • Phonodisc
  • Phonograph
  • Phonology
  • Photographic negativization
  • Photography, origins
  • Photogravure
  • Photojournalism
  • Photomontage
  • Phototypesetting
  • Phillis Review of Government Communications (UK), 2004
  • Picture postcards
  • Pidgin
  • Piggybacking
  • PIE chart
  • Pilkington Committee Report on Broadcasting (UK), 1962
  • Pilot study
  • Pinterest
  • Pirate radio
  • Pistolgraph
  • Plagiarism
  • Plasticity: neuroplasticity and the ­Internet
  • Play theory of mass communication
  • Pleasure: active and reactive
  • Pluralism, pluralist
  • Podcasting
  • Polarization
  • Politics of accommodation (in the media)
  • Polysemy
  • Pool system
  • Poor Man's Guardian
  • Popular culture
  • Populism
  • Pornography
  • Postcards
  • Postcolonial theory
  • Posters
  • Postmodernism
  • Post-synchronization
  • Postulates of communication
  • Postural echo
  • Posture
  • Power
  • Power elite
  • PR
  • Pragmatics
  • Predatory pricing
  • Preferred reading
  • Prejudice
  • Press
  • Press barons
  • Press commissions
  • Press Complaints Commission (UK)
  • Pressure groups
  • Primacy, the law of
  • Primary groups
  • Primary, secondary definers
  • Primary, secondary texts
  • Prime time
  • Printing
  • Prior restraint
  • Privacy
  • Privatization
  • Pro-con, con-pro
  • Producer choice
  • Product placement
  • Produser, Produsage
  • Profane language
  • Professionalization (of political communication)
  • Programme flow
  • Proiaretic code
  • Projection
  • Projection of pictures
  • Project of self
  • Prolefeed
  • Propaganda
  • Propaganda model of mass communication
  • Property: intellectual property
  • Propinquity
  • Propp's people
  • ProPublica
  • Prosodic signals
  • Proxemics
  • PR: Public relations
  • PSB (Public Service Broadcasting)
  • Pseudo-context
  • PSI
  • Psychographic analysis
  • Psycholinguistics
  • Psychology
  • Psychological Reactance theory
  • Psyops
  • Public Affairs
  • Public cues
  • Public Interest Disclosure Act (UK), 1999
  • Public Occurrences Both Foreign and Domestic
  • Public opinion
  • Public radio
  • Public relations news (PRN)
  • Public relations (PR)
  • Publics
  • Public service broadcasting (PSB)
  • Public sphere
  • Pulitzer prizes for journalism
  • Q
  • Quadrophony
  • Quality press
  • Queer theory
  • Questionnaires
  • QWERTY
  • R
  • Rachel's Law
  • Racism
  • Radical press
  • Radical suppression of potential (technology)
  • Radio
  • Radio ballads
  • Radio broadcasting
  • ‘Radio Death’
  • Radio drama
  • Radio: Independent radio; Radio Luxembourg; Radio Normandy
  • Radio Northsea
  • Radio 1, Radio 2, Radio 3, Radio 4, Radio 5 Live (BBC), Radio 6
  • Radio ‘shock-jocks’
  • Random sample
  • Ratings
  • Reaction shot
  • Readership
  • Reading
  • Realism
  • Reality TV
  • Received Pronunciation (RP)
  • Receiver
  • Recency effect
  • Reception studies
  • Reconfiguration; remediation
  • Record player
  • Redundancy
  • Referent
  • Referential code
  • Reflexivity
  • Refutation
  • Register
  • Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act (RIPA) (UK), 2000
  • Regulatory favours
  • Reinforcement
  • Reithian
  • Relationship marketing
  • Relic gestures
  • Remediation; reconfiguration
  • Repertoire of non-verbal behaviour
  • Reporters: embedded reporters
  • Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontières)
  • Report-talk, rapport-talk
  • Representation
  • Representation, machinery of
  • Representative sample
  • Repressive state apparatus
  • Repressive use of the media
  • Resistance (of audience to media)
  • Resistive reading
  • Resonance
  • Rhetoric
  • Rhetoric of the image
  • Rhetoric of numbers
  • Right of reply
  • Rights and the media
  • Right to be forgotten
  • Riley and Riley's model of mass communication, 1959
  • RIPA
  • Rogers and Dearing's agenda-setting model, 1987
  • Roles
  • Role model
  • Rotary press
  • Royal Commissions on the media
  • Rumour
  • Running story
  • Rushdie affair
  • Rushes
  • S
  • Salience
  • Salon discourse
  • Salutation display
  • Samizdat
  • Sampling
  • Sapir-Whorf linguistic relativity hypothesis
  • Satellite transmission
  • Scheduling
  • Schema (plural, schemata)
  • Schramm's models of communication, 1954
  • Scripts
  • Secondary viewing
  • Segmentation
  • Selective exposure
  • Self-actualization
  • Self-concept
  • Self-disclosure
  • Self-fulfilling prophecy
  • Self-identity
  • Self-image
  • Self-monitoring
  • Self-presentation
  • Self-publishing
  • Self-regulation (the press)
  • Self-to-Self model of interpersonal communication, 2007
  • Selsdon Committee Report on Television (UK), 1935
  • Semantic code
  • Semantic differential
  • Semantics
  • Semiology/semiotics
  • Semiosic plane
  • Semiotic power
  • Sender/receiver
  • Sensitization
  • Sentence meaning, utterance meaning
  • Set
  • Sexism
  • S4C
  • Shadowing
  • Shannon and Weaver's model of communication, 1949
  • Shawcross Commission Report on the Press (UK), 1962
  • ‘Shock-jocks’
  • Shortfall signals
  • Showbusiness, age of
  • Sign
  • Signal
  • Significant others
  • Significant symbolizers
  • Signification
  • Signification spiral
  • Significs
  • Silence
  • Silence, spiral of
  • Sipdis (secret Internet protocol router network distribution)
  • Sitcom
  • Site
  • Situational proprieties
  • S-IV-R model of communication
  • Slander
  • Slang
  • SLAPPS
  • Sleeper effect
  • Slider
  • Slow-drip
  • Slow motion
  • Smart mobs
  • Smartphone
  • SMCR model of communication
  • Smiling professions
  • Snapshot
  • Snowden disclosures
  • Soap opera
  • Soaps: docu-soaps
  • Social action (mode of media analysis)
  • Social action broadcasting
  • Social anthropology
  • Social class
  • Social influence theory
  • Socialization
  • Social lubricators
  • Social media
  • Socially unattached intelligentsia
  • Social perception
  • Social system
  • Societally conscious
  • Sociolinguistics
  • Sociology
  • Sociometrics (and media analysis)
  • Sokal Hoax, or Sokal Scandal
  • Sound bite
  • Sound broadcasting
  • Sound Broadcasting Act (UK), 1972
  • Sound, synchronous
  • Source
  • Source domination
  • Spatial behaviour
  • Spatial zones
  • Special effects (SFX)
  • Speed photography
  • Spin: spin doctor
  • Spiral of silence
  • Spiral model of communication
  • Spoiler
  • Sponsorship
  • Sponsorship of broadcast programmes (UK)
  • Spotify
  • Spot news
  • Sputnik
  • Spycatcher case
  • Stages in audience fragmentation
  • Stakeholders
  • Stamp Duty
  • Standards and practice in advertising
  • Status
  • Status quo
  • Stereophonic sound
  • Stereoscopy
  • Stereotype
  • Stigma
  • Stopwatch culture
  • Storyboard
  • Storyness
  • Strategic silence
  • Strategy
  • Streaming
  • Street view (Google Maps)
  • Stringer
  • Structuralism
  • Style
  • Subculture
  • Subliminal
  • Subtitle
  • Super-injunction
  • Supervening social necessity
  • Surround
  • Surveillance
  • Surveillance society
  • SWOT
  • Sykes Committee Report on Broadcasting, 1923
  • Symbol
  • ‘Symbolic annihilation of women’ (by the media)
  • Symbolic code
  • Symbolic convergence theory
  • Symbolic interactionism
  • Symmetry, strain towards
  • Synchronic linguistics
  • Synchronous sound
  • Synergy
  • Syntactics
  • Syntagm
  • Syntax
  • T
  • Tabloid, tabloidese, tabloidization
  • Tactics and strategies
  • Tag
  • Tag questions
  • Take
  • Talkies
  • Talloires Declaration, 1981
  • Tamizdat
  • Taste
  • Taxes on knowledge
  • Taxonomic conquistadors
  • Technique: Ellul's theory of technique
  • Technological determinism
  • Technology: the consumerization of technology
  • Telecommunication
  • Teledemocracy
  • Telegenic
  • Telegraphy
  • Telematics
  • Telephone
  • Telephone tapping
  • Teletext
  • Television
  • Television Act (UK), 1954
  • Television broadcasting
  • Television: catch-up TV
  • Television drama
  • Television news: inherent limitations
  • ‘Television without frontiers’
  • Telstar
  • Ten commandments for media consumers
  • Tenth art
  • Terrestrial broadcasting
  • Territoriality
  • Terrorism: anti-terrorism legislation
  • Terrorism as communication
  • Text
  • Text: integrity of the text
  • Texts
  • Text: tertiary text
  • Theatre censorship
  • Theories and concepts of communication
  • 38 Degrees
  • Three-dimensional (3D)
  • Third-person effect
  • Tie-signs
  • Tumblr
  • Time-lapse photography
  • Time-shift viewing
  • Tor
  • Touch
  • Tracks
  • Traffic data
  • Transactional analysis
  • Transculturation
  • Transmission model of mass communication
  • Trigger events
  • Truth, visualization of
  • TV: catch-up TV
  • TV: independent producers
  • Twitter
  • Two-step flow model of communication
  • Typewriter
  • U
  • U-certificate
  • UK Gold
  • Ullswater Committee Report on Broadcasting, 1936
  • Ultra-violet/fluorescent photography
  • Underground press
  • Unitary, pluralist, core-periphery, breakup models of audience fragmentation
  • Universality
  • USA – Patriot Act, 2001
  • Uses and gratifications theory
  • Utterance meaning
  • V
  • VALS typology
  • Values
  • Vamp
  • V-discs
  • Verbal devices in speech-making
  • Video
  • Video/DVD games
  • Video nasties
  • Video Recordings Acts (UK), 1984, 2010
  • Viewers: light, medium and heavy
  • Violence and the media
  • Virtual reality
  • Visibility, invisibility
  • Visions of order
  • Vitaphone
  • Vlog
  • Vocal cues
  • Voiceover
  • Vox popping
  • W
  • War of the Worlds
  • War: four stages of war reporting
  • War of the Unstamped
  • Watchdogs
  • Watergate
  • Web or online drama
  • Web radio
  • Web 2.0
  • Web: World Wide Web (www)
  • Wedom, Theydom
  • Wesley and MacLean's model of communication, 1957
  • Western
  • Westernization of Media Studies
  • Westerstähl and Johansson's model of news factors in foreign news, 1994
  • Westminster view
  • Whistle-blowing
  • White's gatekeeper model, 1950
  • White space technology
  • Wi-fi
  • Wikileaks
  • Wiki, Wikipedia
  • Windows
  • Wireless network
  • Wireless telegraphy
  • Wireless Telegraphy Act (UK), 1904
  • Workers in communications and media
  • World Trade Organization (WTO) Telecommunications Agreement, 1997
  • X
  • X-certificate
  • Xerography
  • Xenophobia
  • Y
  • Yahoo!
  • Yamousoukrou declaration
  • Yaros's ‘PICK’ model for multimedia news, 2009
  • Yellow journalism
  • Yellow Kid
  • Youth culture
  • YouTube
  • Z
  • Zapping, zipping
  • Zinoviev letter, 1924
  • Zircon affair
  • Zoetrope
  • Zones
  • Zoopraxography
  • A chronology of media events