Encyclopedia of Human Memory

Editor/Author Taylor, Annette Kujawski
Publication Year: 2013
Publisher: Greenwood

ISBN: 978-1-44-080025-2
Category: Psychology
Image Count: 79
Book Status: Pending
Predicted Release Month:
Table of Contents

Providing clear, comprehensible information for general readers, this three-volume, A-Z encyclopedia covers the major theories and findings associated with our understanding of human memory and some of the crippling disorders associated with memory malfunction.

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Table of Contents

  • Guide to Related Topics
  • Preface
  • Using the Encyclopedia of Human Memory for Advanced Placement Study
  • Introduction: Historical Overview of the Study of Human Memory
  • The Encyclopedia
  • A
  • Absent-Mindedness
  • Abstract Information
  • Accessibility
  • Accommodation
  • Accuracy
  • Acetylcholine
  • Acoustic Coding
  • Acoustic Errors
  • Acronym
  • Acrostic
  • Activation Rule
  • ACT Model
  • ACT* Model
  • ACT-R Model
  • Additive Method
  • Adrenaline
  • Afterimages
  • Aging and Memory
  • Agnosia
  • “Aha” Effect
  • Alcohol and Memory
  • Alzheimer's Disease
  • Amnesia
  • Amygdala
  • Analog Code
  • Anchoring Effect
  • Anderson, John R. (1947–)
  • Anoetic Consciousness
  • Anomia
  • Anterior Cingulate Cortex
  • Anterograde Amnesia
  • Anxiety Effects on Memory
  • Aphasia
  • Apraxia
  • Aristotle (384 BCE–322 BCE)
  • Arousal Effects on Memory
  • Articulatory Loop
  • Artificial Grammar
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Assimilation
  • Association Cortex
  • Associationism
  • Associative Network Models
  • Associative Priming
  • Atkinson, Richard (1929–)
  • Atkinson and Shiffrin Model
  • Attention
  • Attention Deficit Disorder
  • Attention Span
  • Attentional Blink
  • Attentional Capacity
  • Auditory Cortex
  • Auditory Sensory Memory
  • Autobiographical Memory
  • Autobiographical Memory Network
  • Automaticity
  • Automatic Processing
  • Autonoetic Consciousness
  • Availability
  • Availability Heuristic
  • B
  • Backward Masking
  • Baddeley, Alan D. (1934–)
  • Bahrick, Harry (1926–)
  • Bartlett, Frederic (1886–1969)
  • Basal Ganglia
  • Behaviorism
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Bias
  • Biederman's Recognition by Components Theory.
  • BIRT Memory and Information Processing Battery (BMIPB)
  • Blindsight Effect
  • Blocking
  • Boston Naming Test
  • Bottom-Up Processing
  • Bower, Gordon H. (1932–)
  • Brain Overview
  • Broca's Area
  • Brodmann Areas
  • Brown-Peterson Paradigm
  • C
  • Caffeine
  • California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT)
  • Cambridge Face Memory Test
  • Camden Memory Tests
  • Capacity
  • Capgras Syndrome
  • Category-Exemplar Generation
  • Category Learning
  • Category Size Effect
  • CAT Scanning.
  • Caudate Nucleus
  • Central Executive
  • CERAD Word-List Learning Test
  • Cerebellum
  • Cerebral Cortex
  • Change Blindness
  • Chocolate
  • Cholinergic System
  • Chunking
  • Classical Conditioning
  • Clustering
  • Cocaine
  • Coding
  • Cognitive Economy
  • Cognitive Interview
  • Cognitive Maps
  • Cognitive Psychology
  • Completion Task
  • Comprehension
  • Computed Axial Tomography (CAT) Scanning
  • Concept Formation
  • Conceptual Change Learning
  • Concrete Information
  • Concreteness Effect
  • Concurrent Task Paradigm
  • Confabulation
  • Conscious Memory
  • Consciousness
  • Consolidation
  • Consonant-Vowel-Consonant Trigram (CVC)
  • Constructive Processing
  • Constructivist Models
  • Continuous Distractor Paradigm
  • Continuous Paired-Associate Tasks
  • Continuous Recognition
  • Contracting Practice Interval
  • Controlled Processing
  • Coronal Section
  • Corpus Callosum
  • Cortex.
  • Cortisol
  • Covert Rehearsal
  • Craik, Fergus I. M. (1935–)
  • Cryptomnesia
  • Cue
  • Cue-Dependent Memory
  • Cued Recall
  • Cue Overload
  • D
  • Date Rape Drugs
  • Decay
  • Declarative Memory
  • Deep Encoding
  • Déjà Vu
  • Delay Conditioning
  • Depression
  • Depth-of-Processing Model
  • Descartes, René (1596–1650)
  • Dichotic Listening
  • Digit Span
  • Directed Forgetting
  • Direct Retrieval Hypothesis
  • Discrimination Hypothesis
  • Discrimination Learning
  • Displacement
  • Dissociative Amnesia
  • Dissociative Fugue
  • Dissociative Hypothesis
  • Distractor Paradigm
  • Distributed Practice
  • Disuse
  • Divided Attention
  • Domain-Specific Interference
  • Doors and People Test (D&P)
  • Dopamine
  • Dual-Code Theory
  • Dual-Process Memory Models
  • Dual Task Performance
  • Duration
  • Dysnomia
  • E
  • Ease-of-Learning Judgments
  • Ebbinghaus, Hermann (1850–1909)
  • Echo
  • Echoic Memory
  • Eidetic Imagery
  • Elaborative Processing
  • Elaborative Rehearsal
  • Electroencephalography (EEG)
  • Emotion and Memory
  • Empiricism
  • Encoding
  • Encoding Specificity Hypothesis
  • Engram
  • Epinephrine
  • Episodic Buffer
  • Episodic Memory
  • Equipotentiality
  • Event-Related Potentials (ERPs)
  • Everyday Memory Questionnaire (EMQ)
  • Exemplar Theory
  • Expanding Practice Interval
  • Explicit Memory
  • External Memory Aids
  • Extinction
  • Eyewitness Memory/TESTIMONY
  • F
  • False Memories
  • Fan Effect
  • Feature Comparison Model
  • Feeling-of-Knowing Effect
  • Field Memory
  • Filter Model of Attention
  • Flashback
  • Flashbulb Memory
  • Focused Attention
  • Forgetting Curve
  • Forgot-It-All-Along Effect
  • Free Recall
  • Frequency Memory
  • Frontal Lobes
  • Functionalism
  • FUNCTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING (fMRI)
  • Fusiform Face Area
  • G
  • GABA (Gamma Aminobutyric Acid)
  • Gender Differences in Memory
  • Generation Effect
  • Geons
  • GHB (Gamma-Hydroxybutyric Acid)
  • Gingko Biloba
  • Glial Cells
  • Global Text Coherence
  • Glutamate
  • H
  • H. M. (1926–2008)
  • Habituation
  • Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Battery
  • Hebb, Donald, O. (1904–1985)
  • Hemispheric Encoding/Retrieval Asymmetry (HERA)
  • Hierarchical Network Model
  • High-Frequency Words
  • Hippocampus
  • Horizontal Section
  • Hypermnesia
  • Hyperthymesia
  • Hypnosis
  • Hypothalamus
  • I
  • Icon
  • Iconic Memory
  • Immediate and Delayed Recall
  • Implicit Associative Response (IAR)
  • Implicit Memory
  • Inattentional Blindness
  • Incidental Learning
  • Incidental Memory Test
  • Indirect Memory Test
  • Infantile Amnesia
  • Information Processing Paradigm
  • Intentional Learning
  • Interference Theory
  • Internal Memory Aids
  • Interpositus Nucleus
  • Introspection
  • Intrusion
  • J
  • Jamais-Vu
  • Judgments of Learning
  • K
  • Ketamine
  • Keyword Mnemonic
  • Knockout Mice
  • Korsakoff Syndrome
  • L
  • Lag Effect
  • Learning Curve
  • Leveling and Sharpening
  • Levels-of-Processing Framework
  • Lexical Decision Task
  • Lexicon
  • Limbic System
  • Line-Up Identification
  • Linkword Language System
  • List Learning
  • Localization Theory
  • Local Text Coherence
  • Loftus, Elizabeth (1944–)
  • Long-Term Memory
  • Long-Term Potentiation (LTP)
  • Low-Frequency Words
  • Luria Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery (LNNB)
  • M
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Magnetoencephalography (MEG)
  • Masking
  • Massed Practice
  • Match-to-Sample Tasks
  • Medial Temporal Lobes
  • Memory Assessment Scales (MAS)
  • Memory Development
  • Memory Scanning
  • Memory Trace
  • Memory Wallet
  • “Memory Wars”
  • Mental Chronometry
  • Metamemory
  • Metaphors for Memory
  • Method of Loci
  • Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)
  • Mirror Neurons
  • Misattribution
  • Misconceptions about Memory
  • Misinformation Effect
  • Mnemonics
  • Mnemonists
  • Modality Effects
  • Modal Model
  • Mood-Congruent Memory
  • Mood-Dependent Memory
  • Morris Water Maze Task
  • Motor Memory
  • Movies, Memory in
  • Multiple Trace Theory
  • Multitasking.
  • Music Memory
  • N
  • Negative Priming Paradigm
  • Negative Recency Effect
  • Neglect Syndrome
  • Network Model of Semantic Memory
  • Neural Network Model
  • Neuron
  • Neuroscience
  • Neurotransmitters
  • Noetic Consciousness
  • Nondeclarative Memory
  • O
  • Observer Memory
  • Occipital Lobes
  • Omissions
  • Operant Conditioning
  • Organization
  • Output Interference
  • Overlearning
  • Overt Rehearsal
  • P
  • Paired-Associate Learning
  • Paivio, Allan (1925–)
  • Pandemonium Models
  • Papez Circuit
  • Paradigm
  • Parahippocampal Gyrus
  • Paramnesia
  • Parietal Lobes
  • Parkinson Disease
  • Partial Report Technique
  • Part-List Cuing Effect
  • Pattern Masking
  • Pegword Systems
  • Perception
  • Permastore
  • Persistence
  • PET Scanning.
  • Phonological Loop
  • Phonological Similarity Effect
  • Physostigmine
  • Piaget, Jean (1896–1980)
  • Picture Fragment Completion Task
  • Place Cells
  • Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Scanning
  • Postevent Information
  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Power Law of Practice
  • Practice
  • Prefrontal Cortex
  • Pregnancy Amnesia
  • Primacy Effect
  • Primary Memory
  • Prior Knowledge
  • Proactive Interference
  • Probe Recall Task
  • Probe Recognition Task
  • Procedural Memory
  • Processing Capacity
  • Propositional Representation
  • Prose Memory
  • Prosopagnosia
  • Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ)
  • Prospective Memory
  • Prototype Theory
  • Psychogenic Amnesia
  • R
  • Randt Memory Test
  • Reaction Time
  • Recall
  • Recency Effect
  • Recognition
  • Recognition by Components Theory
  • Recognition Failure of Recallable Words
  • Recognition Memory Test
  • Reconsolidation
  • Reconstructive Memory
  • Recovered Memory
  • Reduplicative Paramnesia
  • Rehearsal
  • Rehearsal Buffer
  • Relearning
  • Remember/Know Memory
  • Reminiscence
  • Reminiscence Bump
  • Repeated Reproduction
  • Repressed Memory
  • Reproductive Memory
  • Response Bias
  • Response Competition
  • Retrieval
  • Retrieval-Induced Inhibition
  • Retroactive Interference
  • Retrograde Amnesia
  • Retrograde Amnesia Gradient
  • Retrospective Memory
  • Reversal Learning
  • Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT)
  • Ribot's Law
  • Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test (RBMT-3)
  • Roediger, Henry L. (1947–)
  • Rohypnol
  • Rote Rehearsal
  • Rule Learning
  • S
  • Sagittal Section
  • SAM (Search of Associative Memory) Model
  • Savant Syndrome
  • Savings
  • Schema
  • Scopolamine
  • Scripts
  • Secondary Memory
  • Selective Attention
  • Selective Memory Loss
  • Self-Reference Effect
  • Semantic Amnesia
  • Semantic Coding
  • Semantic Memory
  • Semantic Priming
  • Sensitive Measure of Memory
  • Sensory Memory
  • Sentence Verification Task
  • Serial Position Effect
  • Serial Recall
  • Serial Reproduction
  • Serotonin
  • The Seven Sins of Memory (Daniel Schacter)
  • Shadowing
  • Shallow Encoding
  • Shiffrin, Richard M. (1941–)
  • Short-Term Memory
  • Show-Up Identification
  • Signal Detection Theory
  • Simonides (ca. 556–468 BCE)
  • Single-Process Models
  • Slave Systems
  • Sleep Effects on Memory
  • Source Amnesia
  • Source Misattribution
  • Source Monitoring
  • Spacing Effect
  • Span of Apprehension
  • Sperling, George (1934–)
  • Spontaneous Recovery
  • Spreading Activation Models
  • State-Dependent Memory
  • Stimulus Suffix Effect
  • Storage
  • Story Mnemonics
  • Structuralism
  • Subjective Organization
  • Subsequent Memory Effect
  • Substantia Nigra
  • Subtraction Method
  • Suggestibility
  • Superior Autobiographical Memory
  • Suppression
  • Sustained Attention
  • Symbol Digit Modalities Test
  • Symbolic Distance Effect
  • Synapse
  • T
  • Target
  • Temporal Lobes
  • Temporal Memory
  • Tip-of-the-Tongue Phenomenon
  • Top-Down Processing
  • Total Time Hypothesis
  • Test Operate Test Exit (TOTE) Model
  • Touch Memory
  • Trace Conditioning
  • Transactive Memory
  • Transfer-Appropriate Processing
  • Transience
  • Transient Global Amnesia
  • Trigram
  • Tulving, Endel (1925/27–)
  • Two-Process Models
  • U
  • Unattended Speech Effects
  • Unlearning Hypothesis
  • V
  • Velten Procedure
  • Verbal Recognition Memory (VRM)
  • Vigilance
  • Visual Sensory Memory
  • Visuospatial Sketchpad
  • von Restorff Effect
  • W
  • “The War of the Ghosts”
  • Warrington Recognition Memory Test (WRMT)
  • Weapon Focus Effect
  • Wearing, Clive
  • Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS)
  • Wernicke's Area
  • Whole Report Technique
  • Wisconsin Card Sorting Task (WCST)
  • Word Fragment Completion Task
  • Word Frequency Effect
  • Word Length Effect
  • Word Pools
  • Word Stem Completion Task
  • Word Superiority Effect
  • Working Memory
  • Working Memory Span
  • Y
  • Yes-No Recognition
  • Z
  • Zeigarnik Effect
  • Recommended Resources
  • About the Editor and Contributors