Routledge Dictionary of Economics

Editor/Author Rutherford, Donald
Publication Year: 2013
Publisher: Routledge

Price: Core Collection Only
ISBN: 978-0-415-60036-1
Category: Business, Finance & Economics - Economics
Image Count: 102
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

The Routledge Dictionary of Economics, now in its third edition, provides the clearest, most authoritative definition of economic and financial terms available. The book is perfect for students and professionals interested in a broad range of disciplines including Business, Economics, Finance, and Accountancy and all additional subjects where a knowledge of these fields is essential.

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Table of Contents

  • Preface to the first edition
  • Preface to the second edition
  • Preface to the third edition
  • List of abbreviations
  • A
  • AAA
  • abatement
  • ability to pay
  • abortive benefits
  • above the line
  • Abramovitz, Moses, 1912-2000
  • absenteeism
  • absolute advantage
  • absolute concentration
  • absolute income hypothesis
  • absolute poor
  • absolute scarcity
  • absolute surplus value
  • absolute tax incidence
  • absorption approach
  • absorption costs
  • absorptive capacity
  • abstinence
  • abstract labour
  • abundance
  • Accelerated Cost Recovery System
  • accelerated depreciation
  • acceleration clause
  • accelerator principle
  • accepting house
  • access differential
  • accession tax
  • access-space trade-off model
  • accommodating credit
  • account
  • accounting
  • accounting balance of payments
  • accounting costs
  • accounting cycle
  • accounting identity
  • accounting profit
  • accretion of a discount
  • accrual accounting
  • accrual interest rate
  • accrued expense
  • accrued income
  • accumulation
  • acid-test ratio
  • active fiscal policy
  • active labour market policy
  • activist
  • activity analysis
  • activity rate
  • activity ratio
  • actual budget
  • actual deficit
  • acyclical
  • Adam Smith Institute
  • Adam Smith Problem
  • adaptive expectations
  • addiction
  • adding-up controversy
  • additional facilities
  • additionality
  • additional-worker hypothesis
  • adjustable peg
  • adjustable rate mortgage
  • adjusted claim
  • adjustment cost
  • adjustment gap
  • adjustment speed
  • administered inflation
  • administered pricing
  • administration lag
  • administrative cost
  • ad valorem tax
  • advance
  • advance corporation tax
  • advanced organic economy
  • adverse selection
  • adverse supply shock
  • advertising
  • Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service
  • affinity card
  • affirmative action
  • AFL-CIO
  • Afriat’s theorem
  • African-American economists
  • African Development Bank
  • after-hours dealings
  • after market
  • age-earnings profile
  • ageing population
  • ageism
  • agency broker
  • agency cost
  • agency pass-through
  • agency relationship
  • agency shop
  • agency theory
  • agent bank
  • agent de change
  • agglomeration diseconomy
  • agglomeration economy
  • aggregate concentration
  • aggregate demand
  • aggregate output
  • aggregate supply
  • aggregation problem
  • agio theory of interest
  • agreement corporation
  • agribusiness
  • Agricultural Adjustment Act 1933
  • agricultural household
  • agricultural policy
  • aid
  • Aid and Trade Provisions
  • Aid to Families with Dependent Children
  • aid volatility
  • Akerlof, George Arthur, 1940-
  • aleatory contract
  • alienated work
  • alienation
  • Allais, Maurice, 1911-2010
  • alleviation
  • allocative efficiency
  • allotment letter
  • all-pay auction
  • alpha stock
  • alternative economic strategy
  • altruism
  • ambient standard
  • American Depository Receipt
  • American Economic Association
  • American Federation of Labor
  • American option
  • American Stock Exchange
  • America Works
  • amortization
  • analysis of variance
  • anarchism
  • anchor tenant
  • Ancient Greeks
  • Andean Common Market
  • Anderson, James, 1739-1808
  • angel
  • Anglo-Saxon capitalism
  • animal spirits
  • announcement burden of a tax
  • announcement effect
  • annualized-hours system
  • annual percentage rate (of interest)
  • annuity
  • antagonistic growth
  • anticipatory pricing
  • anti-competitive practices
  • Anti-injunction Act
  • antitrust
  • appraisal value
  • apprenticeship
  • appropriate technology
  • Appropriation Bill
  • approximate equilibrium
  • Aquinas, St Thomas, 1225-74
  • Arab Common Market
  • Arab Maghreb Union
  • arb
  • arbitrage
  • arbitration
  • arc elasticity
  • Aristotle, 384-22 bc
  • arithmetic mean
  • arithmetic progression
  • ARMA
  • Armington assumption
  • Arrow-Debreu model
  • Arrow-Debreu security
  • Arrow, Kenneth Joseph, 1921-
  • artificial barrier to entry
  • artificial currency
  • ascending bid auction
  • A share
  • Asian Development Bank
  • Asian option
  • Asiatic mode of production
  • ask price
  • asset
  • asset allocation puzzle
  • asset card
  • asset motive
  • asset specificity
  • asset stripping
  • asset sweating
  • assistance-in-kind
  • assisted area
  • Association of International Bond Dealers
  • Association of South East Asian Nations
  • asymmetric information
  • atomistic competition
  • at the money
  • at-will employment contract
  • auction
  • audit market
  • augmented GNP
  • augmented Phillips curve
  • Aumann, Robert John, 1930-
  • Australian Loan Council
  • Austrian School
  • autarky
  • authoritative contracting
  • autocorrelation
  • auto-economy
  • autogestion
  • automated clearing house
  • automated teller machine
  • automatic neural network modelling
  • automatic stabilizer
  • autonomous consumption
  • autonomous expenditure
  • autonomous investment
  • Autumn Statement
  • availability thesis
  • average
  • average deviation
  • average incremental cost
  • average option
  • average propensity to consume
  • average propensity to save
  • average tax rate
  • average total cost
  • Averch-Johnson effect
  • axioms of preference
  • Ayres, Clarence Edwin, 1891-1972
  • B
  • baby-boom period
  • baby-bust generation
  • back testing
  • backwardation
  • backward-bending labour supply curve
  • backward linkage
  • backward shifting
  • backwash effect
  • bad
  • bad equilibrium
  • badge engineering
  • Bagehot, Walter, 1826-77
  • Bailey, Samuel, 1791-1870
  • Bain, Joe Staten, 1912-91
  • balanced budget
  • Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act 1985
  • balanced budget multiplier
  • balanced growth
  • Balance for Official Financing
  • balance of payments
  • balance of payments equilibrium
  • balance of trade
  • balance sheet
  • balance sheet contagion
  • balancing item
  • Baldwin envelope
  • balloon maturity
  • balloon payment
  • bancor
  • bandit problem
  • bank advance
  • bank bailout
  • bank capital
  • bank capital requirements
  • bank charges
  • Bank Charter Act 1844
  • bank deposits
  • bank efficiency
  • banker’s turn
  • Bank for International Settlements
  • bank holding company
  • Bank Holding Company Act 1956
  • banking
  • Banking Act 1933
  • Banking Act 1979
  • Banking Act 1987
  • Banking School
  • bank margin
  • bank money lender linkage
  • banknote
  • Bank of Canada
  • Bank of England
  • Bank of Italy (BOI)
  • Bank of Japan (BOJ)
  • bank rate
  • bank run
  • bankruptcy
  • bank settlement system
  • bank underwriting
  • Banque de France
  • Baran, Paul, 1910-64
  • barbell
  • Barber boom
  • Barbon, Nicholas, c.1640-98
  • bargain
  • bargaining
  • bargaining theory of wages
  • bargaining unit
  • Barings Bank collapse
  • Barnett formula
  • barometric firm leadership
  • barrier option
  • barrier to entry
  • barrier to exit
  • barter
  • barter economy
  • base capital
  • base currency
  • Basel Accords
  • base rate
  • basic commodity
  • basic income
  • basic industry
  • basic needs budget
  • basic relief
  • basic wage
  • basing point pricing
  • basis point
  • Basle Concordat on Banking Supervision
  • bastard Keynesianism
  • batch production
  • Bauer, Peter Thomas, 1915-2002
  • Baumol, William Jack, 1922-
  • Bayesian econometrics
  • Bayesian method
  • Bayes-Nash equilibrium
  • Bayes, Thomas, 1702-61
  • BB
  • BBB
  • BDI
  • bear
  • bearer bond
  • bearer security
  • bearer share
  • beauty contest
  • Becker, Gary Stanley, 1930-
  • bed and breakfast
  • beggar-my-neighbour policy
  • behavioural economics
  • behavioural finance
  • behaviour line
  • Beige Book
  • Bellman’s equation
  • bell-wether of the economy
  • bell-wether stock
  • below the line
  • benefit approach to taxation
  • benefit exhaustion
  • benefit tax
  • Benelux
  • Bentham, Jeremy, 1748-1832
  • Bergson, Abram, 1914-2003
  • Bergson social welfare function
  • Bernoulli hypothesis
  • Bertrand duopoly model
  • best available technology
  • beta
  • beta stock
  • Beveridge curve
  • Beveridge, William Henry, 1879-1963
  • bid
  • bidding ring
  • bidding technique
  • bid price
  • bid rent
  • bid vehicle
  • Big Bang
  • ‘Big Board’
  • BigMac index
  • big push
  • bilateral aid
  • bilateral monopoly
  • bill
  • bill of exchange
  • bimetallism
  • bimodal frequency curve
  • binary economy
  • binomial charge
  • bioeconomics
  • blackboard trading
  • black chip
  • black economy
  • blackfield site
  • black gold
  • black knight
  • blackleg
  • black market
  • Black Monday
  • Black-Scholes option pricing model
  • Blairism
  • Blaug, Mark, 1927-201 I
  • bliss point
  • bloc grant
  • blocked development
  • block of shares
  • block trade
  • Blue Book
  • blue chip
  • blue-collar worker
  • blue economy
  • blue return
  • blue-sky laws
  • bogey
  • Böhm-Bawerk, Eugen von, 1851-1914
  • boiler room scam
  • Boisguilbert, Pierre Le Pesant de, 1646-1714
  • bond
  • bond fund
  • bonding cost
  • bond market
  • bond rating agency
  • bond risk premium
  • bonus issue
  • book value
  • boom
  • boom and bust
  • boomernomics
  • bootblack economy
  • bootstrap
  • border trade
  • borrower’s curse
  • borrower’s risk
  • bottleneck
  • bottleneck monopoly
  • bottom fisher
  • bottom-line accounting
  • bottom-up linkage model
  • bought deal
  • Boulding, Kenneth Ewart, 1910-92
  • Boulwareism
  • boundary constraint
  • bounded rationality
  • bourgeoisie
  • bourse
  • Box-Jenkins
  • boycott
  • bracket creep
  • Bradbury
  • Brady Commission
  • brain drain
  • branch banking
  • branch economy
  • branding
  • brand loyalty
  • brand stretching
  • Brandt Commission
  • breadbasket
  • breakeven analysis
  • breakeven level of income
  • breakeven pricing
  • breakthrough
  • Bretton Woods Agreement
  • bridefare
  • bridge financing
  • bridging
  • Bridlington rules
  • Britannia
  • British depository receipt
  • broad banking
  • broad money
  • brokered deposit
  • broker loan rate
  • Brookings Institution
  • brownfield
  • brown good
  • Brundtland Report
  • B share
  • bubble
  • bubble economy
  • bubble policy
  • Buchanan, James McGill, 1919-
  • bucket shop
  • Buddhist economics
  • budgetary policy
  • budget constraint
  • Budget Control Act 2011
  • budget cutting
  • budget incidence
  • budget line
  • Budget Resolution
  • budget year
  • buffer stock
  • building and loan association
  • Building Societies Act 1986
  • Building Societies Association
  • building society
  • built-in stabilizer
  • bulge-bracket firm
  • bull
  • bulldog bond
  • bulldog issue
  • bullet strategy
  • bullion
  • Bullionist controversy
  • Bullock Committee
  • Bulow-Klemperer auction
  • bunch map
  • Bundesbank
  • bundled deal
  • bundle-size pricing
  • bundling
  • bunny bond
  • buoyant tax
  • Bureau of Economic Analysis
  • Bureau of the Budget
  • Burns, Arthur Frank, 1904-87
  • business cycle
  • Business Expansion Scheme
  • business organization
  • business studies
  • Butskellism
  • butterfly effect
  • buyer-seller network
  • buyers’ market
  • C
  • C
  • cable
  • cabotage
  • cab rank rule
  • cadastral survey
  • Cadbury code of corporate governance
  • Cairn’s Group
  • call
  • call centre
  • call money
  • call option
  • Cambridge Circus
  • Cambridge controversies
  • Cambridge Economic Policy Group
  • Cambridge School
  • Campbell-Cochrane model of stock returns
  • Canal Age
  • canons of taxation
  • Cantillon effect
  • Cantillon, Richard, c.1680-c.1734
  • cap
  • capacity
  • capacity charge
  • capacity ratio
  • capacity utilization
  • cap and trade regulation
  • capital
  • capital account
  • capital account liberalization
  • capital accumulation
  • capital adequacy
  • capital asset pricing model
  • capital-augmenting technical progress
  • capital budgeting
  • capital consumption
  • capital controls
  • capital crunch
  • capital deepening
  • capital flight
  • capital gains tax
  • capital income tax
  • capital intensive
  • capitalism
  • capitalist class
  • capitalist imperialism
  • capitalization
  • capitalization effect of a tax
  • capital-labour ratio
  • capital market
  • capital mobility
  • capital-output ratio
  • capital re-switching
  • capital reversing
  • capital tax
  • capital theory
  • capital transfer tax
  • capital utilization
  • capital value
  • capital widening
  • capitation tax
  • capping an interest rate
  • captive insurance
  • capture theory
  • carbon sequestration
  • carbon sink
  • carbon tax
  • cardinal utility
  • carer
  • Caribbean Basin Initiative
  • Caribbean Community
  • Caribbean Development Bank
  • caring society
  • carry-back, carry-forward system
  • carrying capacity
  • cartalist
  • carte à mémoire
  • cartel
  • cash
  • cash accounting
  • cash budgeting
  • cash crop
  • cash-deposits ratio
  • cash dispenser
  • cash economy
  • cash flow
  • cash flow accounting
  • cash-in-advance constraint
  • cashless society
  • cash limit
  • cash management account
  • Cash Management Bill
  • cash nexus
  • cash positive
  • cash price-earnings ratio
  • cash ratio
  • cash transfer
  • casino banking
  • casino capitalism
  • Cassel, Karl Gustav, 1866-1945
  • casualization
  • catallactics
  • catalytic policy mix
  • catastrophe theory
  • catching-up hypothesis
  • categorical grant
  • cats and dogs
  • CAT standard
  • ceiling
  • ceiling price
  • Celler-Kefauver Antimerger Act 1950
  • Celtic tiger
  • Census of Manufactures
  • Census of Retail Trade
  • Center for International Studies
  • Central Arbitration Committee
  • central bank
  • central bank communication
  • central bank credibility
  • central bank independence
  • central limit theorem
  • centrally planned economy
  • central occupation
  • central place theory
  • Centre for Policy Studies
  • centre-periphery system
  • CEO pay
  • certainty equivalent
  • certificate of deposit
  • Certification Officer
  • ceteris paribus
  • chaebol
  • chain bank
  • chain index method
  • chain migration
  • Chamberlin, Edward Hastings, 1899-1967
  • Chancellor of the Exchequer
  • change in demand or supply
  • change point analysis
  • chaos theory
  • Chapter 11 bankruptcy
  • Chapter 17
  • characteristics theory of consumer demand
  • charge
  • charge card
  • chartered company
  • chartism
  • chart point
  • cheap money
  • check
  • checking account
  • check-off provision
  • Chenery, Hollis Burnley, 1918-94
  • cheque
  • Chicago Board Options Exchange
  • Chicago School
  • chief executive officer
  • child labour
  • Child, Sir Francis, c. 1684-1740
  • Chinese modernization drive
  • Chinese saving puzzle
  • ‘Chinese Wall’
  • chi-squared distribution
  • choice variable
  • choke price
  • Choquet expected utility
  • Christian socialism
  • Churitsuroren
  • churning
  • circuit breaker mechanism
  • circular flow
  • circular migration
  • circulating capital
  • civil economy
  • Civil Rights Act 1964
  • Clark, Colin Grant, 1905-89
  • Clark, John Bates, 1847-1938
  • classical classical fallacy
  • classical dichotomy
  • classical econometrics
  • classical economics
  • classical model
  • classical savings theory
  • class savings theory
  • Clayton Act 1914
  • Clean Air Act Amendments 1970
  • clean float
  • clean opinion
  • clear income
  • clearing
  • clearing bank
  • clearing house
  • Clearing House Interbank Payments System
  • clearing market
  • climacteric
  • climate change economics
  • climate levy
  • cliometrics
  • clipping
  • closed economy
  • closed-end credit
  • closed-end fund
  • closed pension fund
  • closed population
  • closed shop
  • closely held corporation
  • club good
  • Club of Rome
  • cluster analysis
  • Coase, Ronald Harry, 1910-
  • Coase theorem
  • coat tail investing
  • Cobb-Douglas production function
  • cobweb
  • coconut model
  • code staff
  • coefficient of correlation
  • coefficient of determination
  • coefficient of multiple correlation
  • coefficient of multiple determination
  • coefficient of variation
  • cognitive consonance
  • cognitive dissonance
  • Cohesion Fund
  • coinage
  • coincident indicators
  • Colbertism
  • collaborative production
  • collar
  • collateralized mortgage obligation
  • collecting bank
  • collective action
  • collective bargaining
  • collective good
  • collectivization of agriculture
  • collectivized investment
  • Collor Plan
  • collusion
  • Columbian Exchange
  • Combination Acts
  • com-dev company
  • COMET
  • command and control regulation
  • command economy
  • commanding heights
  • commercial bank
  • commercial bill
  • commercial paper
  • commercial policy
  • Committee of Twenty
  • commodification
  • commodity
  • commodity agreement
  • Commodity Credit Corporation
  • Commodity Exchange of New York
  • commodity fetishism
  • Commodity Futures Trading Commission
  • commodity reserve currency
  • commodity stabilization schemes
  • commodity tax
  • commodity terms of trade
  • commodity trade structure
  • common access resources
  • common agency
  • Common Agricultural Policy
  • common cost
  • common currency
  • common external tariff
  • common market
  • common ownership
  • common pool resources
  • common property resources
  • common resource problem
  • Commons, John Rogers, 1862-1945
  • common stock
  • common value auction
  • Commonwealth Grants Commission
  • communal economy
  • Communauté Economique de L’Afrique de l’Ouest
  • commune
  • communism
  • communitarianism
  • community
  • community charge
  • community programme
  • commuting
  • company
  • company town
  • company union
  • comparable worth
  • comparative advantage
  • comparative costs
  • comparative statics
  • compassionate conservatism
  • compensated demand curve
  • compensating common tariff
  • compensating wage differential
  • compensation principle
  • compensatory finance
  • compensatory financial facility
  • competition
  • Competition Act 1998
  • Competition and Credit Control
  • Competition Commission
  • competition policy
  • Competitive Equality Banking Act 1987
  • competitive fringe
  • competitiveness index
  • competitive process
  • competitive tendering
  • competitive trading
  • complement
  • complexity theory
  • compliance cost
  • composite commodity
  • composite insurance company
  • compound interest
  • compound lottery
  • Comprehensive Employment and Training Act 1973
  • Comptroller of the Currency
  • compulsory competitive tendering
  • compulsory savings
  • Computer-assisted Trading System
  • concentration
  • concentration economy
  • concentration ratio
  • concrete labour
  • conditional cash transfer
  • conditionality
  • Condorcet criterion
  • Confederation of British Industry
  • confidence interval
  • confidence level
  • conflicting claims approach to inflation
  • confluence analysis
  • congestion toll/charge
  • conglomerate
  • conglomerate merger
  • Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act 1974
  • conservation capital
  • consideration
  • consol
  • Consolidated Fund
  • Consolidated Fund standing services
  • Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area
  • consolidation loan
  • consortium bank
  • conspicuous consumption
  • constant capital
  • constant elasticity of substitution production function
  • constant prices
  • constant returns to scale
  • constitutional economics
  • constrained market pricing
  • Consumer Advisory Council
  • consumer confidence/sentiment
  • consumer credit
  • Consumer Credit Act 1974
  • consumer durable
  • consumer equilibrium
  • Consumer Expenditure Survey
  • consumerism
  • consumer price index
  • consumer protection legislation
  • consumer society
  • consumer sovereignty
  • consumer’s surplus
  • consumption externality
  • consumption function
  • consumption tax
  • contagious bank crisis
  • contango
  • contemporaneous externality
  • contestable markets thesis
  • contingency claims contracting
  • contingency table
  • contingent claims analysis
  • contingent commodity
  • contingent fee
  • contingent market
  • contingent valuation
  • continuation value
  • continuity thesis
  • continuous double auction
  • continuous variable
  • contract compliance
  • contract curve
  • contract economics
  • contracting
  • contracting out
  • contractionary national income gap
  • contractual savings
  • contracyclical policy
  • contrarian investment strategy
  • contribution standard
  • controlled market
  • convergence criteria
  • convergence debate
  • convergence hypothesis
  • conversion
  • convertible currency
  • cookbook theory of production
  • cookie jar accounting
  • co-operative
  • co-operative federalism
  • co-ordination failure
  • core
  • core economy
  • core firm
  • core inflation rate
  • core region
  • Corlett-Hague tax rule
  • corner solution
  • Corn Laws
  • corn model
  • corn-ratio theory of profits
  • cornucopia
  • corporate finance
  • corporate governance
  • corporate income tax
  • corporate morality
  • corporate state
  • corporate veil
  • corporation
  • corporation income tax
  • corporation tax
  • corporatism
  • corrective subsidy
  • corrective tax
  • correlated equilibrium
  • correlation
  • correspondent bank
  • corridor
  • corruption
  • ‘corset’
  • cost-benefit analysis
  • cost-cutting
  • cost-effectiveness analysis
  • cost gradient
  • costing margin
  • cost, insurance and freight
  • cost leader
  • cost of living adjustment
  • cost of living index
  • cost-push inflation
  • cost ratio
  • cost-utility analysis
  • cottage industry
  • Council for Mutual Economic Aid
  • council housing
  • Council of Economic Advisers
  • council tax
  • counter currency
  • countercyclical policy
  • counterparty capital
  • counterpurchase
  • countersignalling
  • countertrade
  • countervailing duty
  • countervailing power
  • country classification
  • country fund
  • coupon
  • Cournot, Antoine Augustin, 1801-77
  • Cournot’s duopoly model
  • cover
  • cowboy
  • cowboy economy
  • Cowles Commission
  • CPI-U
  • CPI-W
  • craft union
  • CrashMetrics/crashometrics
  • crawling peg
  • creative accounting
  • creative destruction
  • creative federalism
  • credit
  • credit card
  • credit card debt puzzle
  • credit crunch
  • credit default swap
  • credit easing
  • credit elasticity
  • credit enhancement
  • credit money
  • credit multiplier
  • credit rating
  • credit rationing
  • credit reserves
  • credit scoring
  • credit spread
  • credit spread slope
  • credit tranche facility
  • credit union
  • credit view
  • crisis
  • crisis management
  • critical economy
  • critical value
  • crony capitalism
  • cross price elasticity of demand
  • cross-section data
  • cross-subsidization
  • cross-trading
  • crowding hypothesis
  • crowding in
  • crowding out
  • crude population rate
  • C share
  • cultivated capital
  • cultural economics
  • cultural political economy
  • Cultural Revolution
  • cum dividend
  • cumulative multistage cascade system
  • cumulative preference share
  • cumulative security
  • currencies of the world
  • currency
  • currency appreciation
  • currency basket
  • currency cocktail
  • currency depreciation
  • currency devaluation
  • currency market
  • currency overlay
  • currency reform
  • currency revaluation
  • currency risk
  • currency run
  • Currency School
  • currency stabilization scheme
  • currency swap
  • currency union
  • current account
  • current assets
  • current cost accounting
  • current deposit
  • current liabilities
  • current operating profit
  • current population survey
  • current prices
  • current purchasing power
  • current ratio
  • customize
  • customs union
  • cycles
  • cyclical trade
  • cyclical unemployment
  • cyclical variations
  • D
  • D
  • daisy-chain scheme
  • Dalton improving tax reform
  • data
  • data-mining
  • David Hume Institute
  • Davignon Plan
  • Davos man
  • dawn raid
  • daycation
  • days of grace
  • day trade
  • DDD
  • dead cat bounce
  • deadweight loss
  • Deane, Phyllis Mary, 1918-
  • debasing a currency
  • debenture
  • debit card
  • Debreu, Gerard, 1921-2004
  • debt
  • debt contract
  • debt-equity swap
  • debt finance
  • debt illusion
  • debt-led growth
  • debt neutrality
  • debt policy
  • debt ratio
  • debt restructuring
  • debt security
  • debt service indicator
  • debt sustainability
  • debt trap
  • decelerator
  • decentralized market economy
  • decile
  • decimalization
  • decision cycle
  • decision variable
  • deconcentration
  • decreasing returns
  • dedicated budget
  • deemed tax
  • deep discount bond
  • deep integration
  • de facto population
  • deficiency payment
  • deficit financing
  • deflation
  • deflationary gap
  • degrees of freedom
  • de-industrialization
  • de jure population
  • delinking
  • Delors Plan
  • Delphi method
  • delta stock
  • demand
  • demandable debt instruments
  • demand curve
  • demand deposit
  • demand for money
  • demand management
  • demand-pull inflation
  • demand-shift inflation
  • demand shock
  • demarcation
  • dematerialization
  • demerger
  • demerit good
  • demographic accounting
  • demographic economic paradox
  • demographic transition
  • demography
  • demometrics
  • Demsetz auction
  • denationalized money
  • Denison residual
  • Denison’s law
  • department
  • dependency culture
  • dependency ratio
  • dependency theory
  • dependent economy
  • depletable externality
  • deposit account
  • deposit base
  • deposit insurance
  • Depository Institutions Deregulation and Monetary Control Act 1980
  • deposit refund system
  • deposit-taking business
  • depreciation
  • depression
  • deprival value
  • deregulation
  • derivative
  • derived demand
  • deserving poor
  • designated competitive bidding
  • destructive competition
  • devalorization
  • devaluation
  • development
  • development bank
  • development economics
  • development planning
  • development policy
  • diamond model
  • Diamond, Peter Arthur, 1940-
  • difference equation
  • differential tax incidence
  • differential theory of rent
  • differentiated good
  • differentiated marketing
  • differentiated product
  • differentiation
  • diffusion index
  • diffusion rate
  • Dillon Round
  • diminishing marginal rate of substitution
  • diminishing marginal utility law
  • diminishing returns law
  • Dinks
  • direct and indirect taxation
  • direct cost
  • direct factor content
  • direct foreign investment
  • direct-indirect taxes ratio
  • direct labour organization
  • directly unproductive profit-seeking activities
  • direct product profitability
  • direct sale
  • direct tax
  • direct utility function
  • dirigisme
  • dirty float
  • disappointment aversion
  • discomfort index
  • disconnective taxation
  • discount bond
  • discounted cash flow
  • discounted share price
  • discount house
  • discounting
  • discount market
  • discount market loans
  • discount rate
  • discount window
  • discouraged workers hypothesis
  • discrete variable
  • discriminating auction
  • discriminating monopoly
  • discrimination
  • diseconomy of scale
  • disembedded economy
  • disembodied technical progress
  • disequilibrium
  • disequilibrium economics
  • disequilibrium growth theory
  • disequilibrium money
  • disequilibrium price
  • disguised unemployment
  • disincentive effect
  • disinflation
  • disinflation cost
  • disintermediation
  • ‘dismal science’
  • disposable income
  • dissaving
  • distortion
  • distortionary tax
  • distributable surplus
  • distribution
  • distributional/social weights
  • disturbance term
  • disutility
  • divergence indicator
  • divergence threshold
  • diversification
  • diversification cone
  • diversification discount
  • divestment
  • dividend
  • dividend discount model
  • dividend net
  • dividend yield
  • Divisia money index
  • division of labour
  • division of thought
  • do-able
  • Dobb, Maurice Herbert, 1900-76
  • dogs of the Dow
  • Doha development round
  • dole bludger
  • dollar
  • dollarization
  • dollar overhang
  • dollar standard
  • domain
  • Domar, Evsey David, 1914-97
  • Domei
  • domestic absorption
  • domestic banking system
  • domestic credit expansion
  • domestic labour
  • domestic resource cost
  • domestic system
  • dominant firm
  • dominant strategy
  • Donovan Commission (UK)
  • dose-response function
  • dot com company
  • double coincidence of wants
  • double counting
  • double dip recession
  • double discounting
  • double factorial terms of trade
  • double switching
  • double taxation of savings
  • double-taxation relief
  • Douglas Amendment 1965
  • Douglas, Paul Howard, 1892-1976
  • Dow dividend theory
  • Dow Jones Industrial Average
  • downsizing
  • downstream dumping
  • downstream firm
  • droit de suite
  • drug economy
  • dual-decision hypothesis
  • dual economy
  • dual exchange rate
  • dual federalism
  • dual labour market
  • dual pricing
  • dummy variable
  • dumping
  • Dunlop, John Thomas, 1914-2003
  • duopoly
  • Du Pont formula
  • Dupuit, Arsène Jules Etienne Juvénal, 1804-66
  • Durbin-Watson statistic
  • Dutch auction
  • Dutch book
  • Dutch disease
  • dynamically inconsistent policy
  • dynamic economics
  • dynamic gains from trade
  • dystopia
  • E
  • early retirement scheme
  • earmarked gold
  • earmarking
  • earnings
  • earnings per share
  • earnings ratio
  • earnings yield
  • Earth Charter
  • East Asian economic crisis
  • Easterlin paradox
  • easy money policy
  • easy rider
  • ecfare
  • eclectic Keynesians
  • eclectic paradigm theory
  • ecodevelopment valuation
  • ecological capital
  • ecological footprint
  • e-commerce
  • econometrics
  • economic adult
  • economic agent
  • Economic and Social Council
  • economic anthropology
  • economic base multiplier
  • economic calculation
  • economic catastrophe bond
  • economic climate
  • Economic Community of the countries of the Great Lakes
  • Economic Community of West African States
  • economic cost
  • economic crime
  • economic development
  • economic devolution
  • economic discrimination
  • economic efficiency
  • economic forecasting
  • economic geography
  • economic good
  • economic growth
  • economic incidence
  • economic indicators
  • economic institution
  • economic integration
  • economic journals
  • economic justice
  • economic life
  • economic literacy
  • economic man
  • economic methodology
  • economic methods
  • economic model
  • economic paradigm
  • economic planning
  • economic profit
  • economic programming
  • economic refugee
  • economic rent
  • economics
  • economic sanctions
  • economics and psychology
  • economics as rhetoric
  • economic sociology
  • economics of crime
  • economics of extortion
  • economics of information
  • economics of law
  • economics of religion
  • economics of science
  • economics of the arts
  • economics of transition
  • economic specificity
  • economic summits
  • economic surplus
  • economic system
  • economic transition
  • economic underpinning
  • economic union
  • economic value
  • economic weather
  • economic welfare
  • economism
  • economy
  • economy of scale
  • economy of scope
  • economy of size
  • economyth
  • ecu
  • Edge Act Corporation
  • Edgeworth box
  • Edgeworth, Francis Ysidro, 1845-1926
  • Edgeworth price cycle
  • Edgeworth’s hedonimeter
  • effective demand
  • effective exchange rate
  • effective rate of assistance
  • effective rate of protection
  • effective tax rate
  • effectual demand
  • efficiency wage
  • efficient estimator
  • efficient job mobility
  • efficient market
  • effluent fee
  • eftpos
  • egalitarianism
  • Eichnerian megacorp
  • eigenprices
  • elasticity
  • elasticity of a factor of production
  • elasticity of demand
  • elasticity of expectations
  • elasticity of substitution
  • elasticity of supply
  • electronic money
  • elephant
  • eligible liability
  • embargo
  • embodied technical progress
  • emerging market economy
  • emission charge
  • emission fee
  • emission reductions banking
  • empirics
  • employee ratios
  • Employee Stock Ownership Plan
  • employer-employee bargaining
  • employers’ association
  • employment
  • Employment Act 1946
  • Employment Act 1980
  • Employment Act 1982
  • Employment Act 1988
  • Employment Appeal Tribunal
  • employment contract
  • employment function
  • Employment Institute
  • employment multiplier
  • employment rate
  • Employment Relations Act 1999
  • empty nester
  • enclave economy
  • end of geography
  • endogenizing the exogenous
  • endogenous growth theory
  • endogenous trade policy
  • endogenous variable
  • endowment
  • endowment effect
  • endowment insurance
  • endowment mortgage
  • energy price shock
  • Engel, Ernst, 1821-96
  • Engel coefficient
  • Engels, Friedrich, 1820-95
  • Engel’s law
  • engine of growth
  • Engle, Robert Fry 1942-
  • English auction
  • English disease
  • enterprise culture
  • enterpriser
  • enterprise union
  • enterprise zone
  • entrepôt
  • entrepreneur
  • envelope curve
  • environmental accounting
  • environmental determinism
  • environmental issues
  • environmental Kuznets curve
  • Environmental Protection Agency
  • environmental tax
  • EPA
  • epidemic model
  • equal absolute sacrifice principle
  • equality
  • equality of opportunity
  • equality standard
  • equalizing wage differential
  • Equal Opportunities Commission
  • Equal Pay Act 1963 (USA)
  • Equal Pay Act 1970 (UK)
  • Equal Pay Directive
  • equal product curve
  • equilibrium
  • equilibrium exchange rate
  • equilibrium GNP
  • equilibrium price
  • equilibrium unemployment
  • equilibrium velocity
  • equipment trust bond
  • equity
  • equity comovement
  • equity joint venture
  • equity-linked mortgage
  • equity premium
  • equity premium puzzle
  • equity release scheme
  • equity-style management
  • equity taxation
  • equity warrant
  • equivalent variation
  • ergonomics
  • error
  • error-correction model
  • escalator clause
  • establishment
  • estate economy
  • e-tail company
  • ethical unit trust
  • Euler’s theorem
  • euro
  • Eurobank
  • Eurobond
  • Eurobond market
  • Eurocheque
  • Euroclear
  • Eurocurrency market
  • Eurodollar
  • Eurodollar market
  • Euroequity
  • Eurofed
  • euro interbank offered rate
  • Euroland
  • Euronext
  • Euro overnight index average
  • European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
  • European Central Bank
  • European Communities
  • European Community
  • European Co-operation Administration
  • European Currency Unit
  • European Economic Community
  • European Free Trade Association
  • European Investment Bank
  • European monetary co-operation
  • European Monetary Co-operation Funds
  • European Monetary System
  • European Monetary Union
  • European option
  • European Recovery Program
  • European Regional Development Fund
  • European Social Charter
  • European social model
  • European system of accounts
  • European Union
  • European Unit of Account
  • Eurosystem
  • eurozone
  • event study
  • evolutionary economic geography
  • evolutionary game theory
  • evolutionary theory of the firm
  • ex ante, ex post
  • ex ante variables
  • excess burden of a tax
  • excess capacity
  • excess capacity theorem
  • excess demand
  • excess supply
  • exchange
  • exchange controls
  • exchange cross-rate
  • exchange efficiency
  • Exchange Equalization Account
  • exchange rate
  • exchange rate agreement
  • Exchange Rate Mechanism
  • exchange rate premium
  • exchange rate regime
  • exchange rate target zone
  • exchange risk
  • exchange standpoint epistemology
  • Exchequer
  • Exchequer White
  • excise duty
  • excise tax
  • exclusion principle
  • exclusive dealing
  • ex dividend
  • executive leasing
  • executive stock option
  • exercise price
  • exit-voice
  • exogenous expectations
  • exogenous growth model
  • exogenous variable
  • expectational shock
  • expectations
  • expected monetary value
  • expected utility
  • expedited funds availability
  • expenditure function
  • expenditure tax
  • expense preference
  • expense ratio
  • expensive easy money
  • experience good
  • experimental economics
  • expert system
  • explicit contract
  • explicit cost
  • exploitation
  • export
  • Export Import Bank
  • export promotion
  • export requirement
  • export subsidy
  • ex post variables
  • extended equilibrium
  • extended fund facility
  • external account
  • external balance
  • external credit rating
  • external debt
  • external economy of scale
  • externality
  • external labour market
  • external shock
  • extralegal property
  • extrapolative expectations
  • extreme value theory
  • extremum
  • F
  • Fabian Society
  • factor-augmenting technical progress
  • factor cost
  • factor endowment
  • factorial terms of trade
  • factor income
  • factoring
  • factor market
  • factor of production
  • factor price equalization theorem
  • factor productivity
  • factor tax
  • fad
  • fair division problem
  • fair income tax
  • fair price
  • Fairtrade
  • fair trading
  • fair value
  • fair value accounting
  • Fair Wages Resolution
  • falling knife
  • falling rate of profit
  • false paradigm model
  • false trading
  • Family Expenditure Survey
  • famine
  • Farm Credit System
  • fast-track trade procedure
  • fat cat
  • featherbedding
  • Federal Cartel Office
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
  • federal finance
  • federal funds
  • federal funds market
  • federal funds rate
  • Federal Home Loan Board
  • Federal Open Market Committee
  • Federal Reserve Bank
  • Federal Reserve Note
  • Federal Reserve System
  • Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation
  • Federal Trade Commission
  • Federal Trade Commission Act 1914
  • Fed funds
  • Feldstein, Martin, 1939-
  • felicific calculus
  • female economists
  • feminist economics
  • feudalism
  • FF curve
  • fiat money
  • fiduciary issue
  • filière concept
  • filtering
  • final demand
  • final good
  • final income
  • final offer arbitration
  • final salary pension
  • finance constraint
  • financial accounting
  • financial architecture
  • financial asset
  • financial capital
  • financial centre
  • financial conglomerate
  • financial contagion
  • financial crisis
  • financial deepening
  • financial economy
  • ‘financial engineering’
  • financial geography
  • financial intermediary
  • financial investment
  • financial journalism
  • financial leverage ratio
  • financial liberalization
  • financial panic
  • financial plumbing
  • financial policy
  • financial regime
  • Financial Reporting Council
  • financial repression
  • Financial Services Act 1986
  • Financial Statement and Budget Report
  • financial supermarket
  • financial system
  • Financial Times Actuaries All-Share Index
  • Financial Times Industrial Ordinary Share Index
  • Financial Times Stock Exchange 100 Share Index
  • fine-tuning
  • fire sale
  • firm
  • firm boundaries
  • firm consumption
  • firm dynamics
  • firm-specific asset
  • firm-specific skill
  • first best economy
  • first-degree price discrimination
  • First Development Decade
  • first economy
  • First Industrial Revolution
  • first-in, first-out
  • first-price auction
  • First Welfare Theorem
  • First World
  • fiscal approximation
  • fiscal crisis
  • fiscal dividend
  • fiscal drag
  • fiscal federalism
  • fiscal illusion
  • fiscal incidence
  • fiscal indicators
  • fiscalist
  • fiscal military state
  • fiscal mobility
  • fiscal neutrality
  • fiscal policy
  • fiscal policy transition
  • fiscal rectitude
  • fiscal shock
  • fiscal stance
  • fiscal union
  • fiscal year
  • Fisher effect
  • Fisher equation of exchange
  • Fisher, Irving, 1867-1947
  • five-star mutual fund
  • five-year plan
  • fix
  • fixed capital
  • fixed cost
  • fixed exchange rate
  • fixed income market
  • fixprice
  • flat grant
  • flat pay-off
  • flat rate tax
  • flat tax
  • flawed marketplace
  • flexible economy
  • flexible exchange rate
  • flexible firm
  • flexible working-time schemes
  • flex mex
  • flexprice
  • flight from money
  • flip-flop arbitration
  • floating exchange rate
  • floating rate note
  • floor
  • flooring
  • floor planning
  • floor price
  • flotation
  • flow
  • flow of funds account
  • flypaper effect
  • Fogel, Robert William, 1926-
  • Food and Agriculture Organization
  • food chain
  • football pool
  • football transfer system
  • footloose industry
  • footloose knowledge
  • Footsie
  • forced labour
  • forced saving
  • Fordism
  • foreign aid
  • foreign direct investment
  • foreign exchange
  • foreign exchange market
  • foreign trade multiplier
  • foreign trade organization
  • foreign trade zone
  • forex
  • forex trading
  • forfaiting
  • forfait system
  • formal economy
  • formal indexation
  • formal salary system
  • forms of integration
  • Fortune 500
  • forward integration
  • forward linkage
  • forward market
  • fountain pen money
  • Fourier, Charles, 1772-1837
  • Fourth World
  • fractal Brownian motion
  • fractional reserve banking
  • fragmentation
  • framing effects
  • franchise
  • franchise financing
  • franchise gap
  • fraud
  • freakonomics
  • free alongside ship
  • free banking
  • Free Banking School
  • free cash flow
  • free cash flow hypothesis
  • free depreciation
  • free good
  • free list
  • free market
  • free on board
  • freeport
  • free rider
  • free trade
  • free-trade area
  • Free Trade Area of the Americas
  • freezing assets/an account
  • French Circuit School
  • frequency curve
  • frequency distribution
  • frequency polygon
  • frequency table
  • frictional unemployment
  • Friedman, Milton, 1912-2006
  • Friedman rule
  • fringe banking crisis
  • fringe benefits
  • Frisch, Ragnar Anton Kittil, 1895-1973
  • front-end loading
  • fronting loan
  • frostbelt
  • F test
  • fuel poverty
  • full-cost pricing
  • full employment
  • full-employment budget
  • full insurance
  • full-set industrial structure
  • functional financing
  • functional income distribution
  • fundamental contradiction of capitalism
  • fundamental equilibrium
  • fundamentals
  • fundamental value
  • funding
  • funding gap
  • funding liquidity
  • funemployment
  • fungible asset
  • future
  • future goods
  • futures market
  • G
  • gains from trade
  • gainsharing
  • Galbraith, John Kenneth, 1908-2006
  • galloping inflation
  • game theory
  • gamma stock
  • Gandhian economics
  • Gang of Four
  • gang system economy
  • gap analysis
  • Garn St Germain Depository Institutions Act 1982
  • Gastarbeiter
  • gazumping
  • GDP deflator
  • gearing
  • gender discrimination
  • gender division of labour
  • gender gap
  • General Accounting Office
  • General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
  • General Agreement to Borrow
  • general competitive bidding
  • general equilibrium
  • general fund
  • general government net worth
  • General Household Survey
  • generalized least squares
  • generalized medium
  • generalized system of preferences
  • general market equilibrium
  • general sales tax
  • general strike
  • General Theory
  • general training
  • general union
  • generational accounting
  • generative city
  • gentrification
  • geographical political economy
  • geographical trade structure
  • geometric mean
  • geometric progression
  • George, Henry, 1839-97
  • German capitalism
  • German Historical School
  • Gerschenkron effect
  • gestation period
  • Gibrat’s law
  • Gibson’s paradox
  • Giffen good
  • Giffen paradox
  • Giffen, Sir Robert, 1837-1910
  • gifts tax
  • gilt-edged auction
  • gilt-edged security
  • gilts
  • Gini coefficient
  • Ginny Mae
  • giro
  • GLAM
  • glass ceiling
  • Glass-Steagall Act 1933
  • gliding rate
  • global depository receipt
  • global deregulation
  • global imbalances
  • globalization
  • global liquidity
  • global macro
  • global monetarism
  • Global System of Trade Preferences among Developing Countries
  • glut
  • gnomes of Zurich
  • goal equilibrium
  • goal system
  • goal variable
  • going concern
  • going rate
  • goldbug
  • gold bullion standard
  • gold coinage
  • gold demonetization
  • golden age
  • golden handcuffs
  • golden handshake
  • golden hello
  • golden parachute
  • golden rate
  • golden rule
  • golden share
  • Golden Triangle
  • gold exchange standard
  • gold franc
  • goldilocks economy
  • gold market
  • gold plating
  • gold reserves
  • gold shortage
  • goldsmith banking system
  • gold standard
  • good
  • Goodhart’s law
  • goodwill
  • Goodwin growth cycle
  • Gordon model
  • Gosplan
  • Gossen, Hermann Heinrich, 1810-58
  • Gossnab
  • government bond
  • government broker
  • government failure
  • government intervention
  • Government National Mortgage Association
  • government procurement practice
  • government role
  • government security
  • grace
  • gradualist monetarism
  • graduated income tax
  • graduate tax
  • Grameen Bank
  • Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act
  • grandfather clause
  • grandfathering
  • Granger causality
  • Granger, Clive William John, 1934-2009
  • grant-back clause
  • grant in aid
  • grants economics
  • gravity model
  • Great Depression
  • Great Leap Forward
  • Great Moderation
  • Great Society
  • greed economics
  • Greenbury Code
  • green-collar worker
  • green conditionality
  • green currency
  • greenfield
  • greenhouse effect
  • greenmail
  • green national income
  • green pound
  • green revolution
  • green stripe price
  • Gresham’s law
  • grey area
  • grey belt
  • grey good
  • grey knight
  • grey market
  • Grey Monday
  • grey society
  • gross dividend yield
  • gross domestic fixed capital formation
  • gross domestic product
  • gross federal debt
  • gross national product
  • gross social product
  • gross state product
  • group lending
  • Group of Five
  • Group of Seven
  • Group of Seventy-seven
  • Group of Ten
  • Group of Thirty
  • Group of Twenty-four
  • growth
  • growth accounting
  • growth pole
  • growth recession
  • growth theory of the firm
  • guestworker
  • guild socialism
  • guinea
  • Gulf Co-operation Council
  • Gulf Plus
  • gunslinger
  • H
  • Haavelmo, Trygve, 1911-99
  • Habakkuk thesis
  • Haberler, Gottfried, 1900-1995
  • Hahn, Frank Horace, 1925-
  • Haig-Simons definition of income
  • haircut
  • Hansen, Alvin Harvey, 1887-1975
  • hansom cab economy
  • happiness
  • hard commodity
  • hard currency
  • hard ecu
  • hard landing
  • hard peg
  • harmonic mean
  • harmonization
  • harmonized index of consumer prices
  • Harris-Todaro theory of migration
  • Harrod-Domar model
  • Harrod neutral
  • Harrod, Sir Roy Forbes, 1900-78
  • Harsanyi, John Charles, 1920-2000
  • Havana Charter
  • hawala
  • Hawtrey, Sir Ralph, 1879-1971
  • Hayek, Friedrich August von, 1899-1992
  • hazard
  • headline rate of inflation
  • head tax
  • health care indicators
  • health economics
  • heavy industry
  • heavy share
  • Heckman, James Joseph, 1944-
  • Heckscher, Eli Filip, 1879-1952
  • Heckscher-Ohlin trade theorem
  • hedge fund
  • hedge ratio
  • hedging
  • hedonic equilibrium
  • hedonic output
  • hedonic price
  • hedonic pricing method
  • hedonic wages
  • hegemonic cycle
  • helicopter money
  • Herfindahl-Hirschman index
  • heterodox economics
  • heterogeneity
  • heterogeneous agent model
  • heteroscedasticity
  • heuristic
  • H-form
  • Hicks charts
  • Hicksian demand function
  • Hicksian income measure
  • Hicks neutral
  • Hicks, Sir John Richard, 1904-89
  • hidden reserves
  • hidden unemployment
  • hiding hand
  • hierarchical decomposition principle
  • hierarchy theory
  • high-consumption society
  • high employment surplus
  • high-leveraged takeover
  • high net worth individual
  • high-powered money
  • high-technology industry
  • high-yield financing
  • hire purchase
  • Hirschman, Albert Otto, 1915-
  • histogram
  • historic cost
  • hog cycle
  • holding company
  • holding gain
  • hold-out
  • hold-up
  • hold-up problem
  • holism
  • home banking
  • home economics
  • homeless
  • home production
  • homeshoring
  • homework
  • homo economicus
  • homogeneous function
  • homogeneous good
  • homo reciprocans
  • homoscedasticity
  • homo sovieticus
  • homothetic function
  • horizontal discrimination
  • horizontal equity
  • horizontal integration
  • host region
  • Hotelling model
  • hot money
  • household behaviour
  • household decision making
  • household responsibility system
  • household stockholding
  • household work
  • H share
  • human capital
  • human development index
  • humaneness indicators
  • human scale economics
  • Hume, David, 1711-76
  • Humphrey-Hawkins Act 1978
  • Hunt Commission
  • hurdle rate of return
  • Hurwicz, Leonid, 1917-2008
  • hybrid auction
  • hybrid income tax
  • hyperbolic consumption model
  • hyperinflation
  • hypothecation
  • hysteresis
  • I
  • ideal limit
  • identification problem
  • identity economics
  • identity theft
  • Ifo Business Climate Index
  • ill-being
  • illiquid
  • illth
  • immigration
  • immiseration
  • immiserizing growth
  • impact multiplier
  • impatience theory of interest
  • imperfect competition
  • implementation lag
  • implicit contract theory
  • implicit cost
  • implicit marginal income
  • implicit price deflator
  • implied price index
  • import
  • import penetration ratio
  • import substitution
  • impossibility theorem
  • impost
  • impulse response function
  • impure public good
  • imputed income
  • in-bond manufacturing
  • incentive
  • incentive compatible
  • incentive contract
  • incentive effect
  • incentive pay scheme
  • incidence
  • income
  • income and substitution effects
  • income-consumption curve
  • income differential
  • income distribution
  • income drawdown scheme
  • income elasticity of demand
  • income multiple
  • income-offer curve
  • income-splitting system
  • incomes policy
  • income statement
  • income support
  • income tax
  • income terms of trade
  • incomplete contract
  • incomplete market
  • increasing opportunity costs law
  • increasing returns to scale
  • incremental capital-output ratio
  • incremental cost
  • indecomposability
  • independent fiscal agency
  • indexation
  • indexing
  • index-linked gilt
  • index number
  • index-tracking fund
  • indicative planning
  • indicators
  • indicator variable
  • indifference curve
  • indirect cost
  • indirect cost recovery
  • indirect factor content
  • indirect tax
  • indirect utility function
  • individual income tax
  • individualism
  • indivisibility
  • induced technical progress
  • inducement good
  • inducement mechanism
  • industrial action
  • industrial capitalism
  • industrial concentration
  • industrial democracy
  • industrial dispute
  • industrialization
  • industrial muscle
  • industrial organization
  • industrial policy
  • industrial relations
  • industrial revolution
  • industrial share
  • industrial society
  • industrial training grant
  • industrial union
  • industry
  • industry cluster
  • industry supply curve
  • inefficient equilibrium
  • inefficient market
  • inelasticity
  • inequality
  • inertial effect
  • inertial inflation
  • infant industry
  • infant industry argument
  • inferior good
  • infession
  • inflation
  • inflation accounting
  • inflation-adjusted deficit
  • inflationary gap
  • inflation illusion
  • inflationist
  • inflation targeting
  • inflation tax
  • informal economy
  • informal ownership
  • information agreement
  • information cost
  • information disclosure
  • information externality
  • information technology
  • information theory
  • information trap
  • infraco
  • infrastructure
  • inheritance tax
  • in-home banking
  • initial public offering
  • injection
  • in-kind finance
  • in-kind transfer
  • innovation
  • innovation possibility frontier
  • input-output analysis
  • input trade
  • inside lag
  • inside money
  • insider econometrics
  • insider trading
  • insider wage setting
  • insource
  • insolvency
  • instant monetarism
  • Institute for Fiscal Studies
  • Institute for International Economics
  • Institute for International Finance
  • Institute of Economic Affairs
  • institution
  • institutional economics
  • institutional investor
  • instrument variable
  • insurance
  • insurance market
  • intangible wealth
  • integrated fare
  • integrated pollution control
  • intellectual property
  • Inter-American Development Bank
  • inter-dealer broker
  • interdependent economy
  • interest
  • interest-bearing eligible liabilities
  • interest elasticity of savings
  • interest equalization tax
  • interest rate
  • interest rate agreement
  • interest rate cartel
  • interest rate risk
  • interest rate smoothing
  • interest rate swap
  • interest risk
  • intergenerational distribution of income
  • intergenerational equity
  • intergenerational loan
  • interim management
  • inter-industry trade
  • INTERLINK
  • interlinked transaction
  • interlocking directorship
  • Intermarket Trading System
  • intermediate good
  • intermediate target
  • intermediate technology
  • intermediation
  • internal balance
  • internal capital
  • internal debt
  • internal economics of the firm
  • internal economy of scale
  • internalization theory
  • internalizing an externality
  • internal labour market
  • internal labour market contracting
  • internal market
  • internal rate of return
  • Internal Revenue Service
  • internal search
  • International Accounting Standards Committee
  • International Air Travel Association
  • International Bank for Economic Cooperation
  • International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
  • International Banking Act 1978
  • International Clearing Union
  • international comparisons
  • international comparisons of the cost of living
  • international competitiveness
  • International Development Association
  • international division of labour
  • International Energy Agency
  • International Finance Corporation
  • international illiquidity
  • International Investment Bank
  • International Labour Organization
  • international liquidity
  • International Monetary Fund
  • International Monetary Market
  • international monetary system
  • international reserves
  • International Securities Regulatory Organization
  • International Standard Classification of Occupations
  • International Trade Commission
  • International Trade Organization
  • international trade theory
  • international union
  • international union federation
  • international wage levels
  • inter-nation equity
  • interpersonal utility comparisons
  • intersection price
  • Interstate Commerce Commission
  • interval estimate
  • intervention currency
  • intervention price
  • in-the-money
  • intra-firm trade
  • intra-household economics
  • intra-industry trade
  • intrapreneur
  • intra-product specialization
  • intrinsic value
  • invention
  • inventory
  • inventory cycle
  • inverse demand function
  • inverse elasticity rule
  • inverted Fisher hypothesis
  • investment
  • investment appraisal
  • investment banking
  • investment climate
  • investment dollar pool system
  • investment fundamentals
  • investment overhang
  • investment reserve system
  • investment trust
  • investor sentiment
  • invisible foot
  • invisible hand
  • invisible handshake
  • invisible trade
  • involuntary unemployment
  • IOU money
  • iron law of wages
  • iron triangle
  • IS
  • Isard, Walter, 1919-2010
  • Islamic banking
  • Islamic economics
  • Islamic fiscal policy
  • island
  • IS-LM-BP model
  • IS-LM curves
  • isocost
  • isolated market equilibrium
  • isolated state
  • isoquant
  • Israel-US Trade Free Trade Area
  • issuing house
  • J
  • Jackson Amendment
  • Jamaica Agreement
  • Japanese auction
  • Japanese capitalism
  • Japanese socialism
  • Japanese tax system
  • jawbone
  • J-curve
  • Jevons, William Stanley, 1835-82
  • job acceptance schedule
  • jobber
  • job centre
  • job cluster
  • job control unionism
  • job destruction
  • job displacement
  • job evaluation
  • job generation
  • job hopping
  • job lock
  • job polarization
  • job protection legislation
  • jobs-based analysis
  • job search
  • job security
  • job seeker’s allowance
  • job separation
  • job sharing
  • Johnson, Harry Gordon, 1923-79
  • joint cost
  • joint demand
  • joint equity venture company
  • joint products
  • joint stock company
  • joint venture
  • Jones Act 1920
  • Jubilee 2000
  • Juglar cycle
  • jump
  • junior debt
  • junk bond
  • junk of junk status
  • Jurgensen Report
  • just-in-time production
  • just price
  • just wage
  • K
  • Kahneman, Daniel 1934-
  • Kahn, Richard Ferdinand, 1905-89
  • Kaldor-Hicks compensation principle
  • Kaldor, Nicholas, 1908-86
  • Kaldor’s laws
  • Kalecki, Michal, 1899-1970
  • Kalecki’s theory of employment
  • Kalman filter
  • Kantorovich, Leonid Vitalievich, 1912-86
  • kappa
  • Katona effect
  • Keidanven
  • keiretsu
  • Kemp-Wan theorem
  • Kennedy Round
  • kerb market
  • key currency
  • Keynes effect
  • Keynes expectations
  • Keynesian cross diagram
  • Keynesian economics
  • Keynesian equilibrium
  • Keynesian multiplier
  • Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946
  • Keynes Plan
  • Keynes’s General Theory
  • key rate
  • kibbutz
  • kickback
  • King Solomon’s dilemma
  • kinked demand curve
  • kinked supply curve
  • Kitchin cycle
  • Klein, Lawrence Robert, 1920-
  • Knight, Frank Hyneman, 1885-1973
  • Knightian uncertainty
  • knowledge spillover
  • Kondratieff cycle
  • Koopmans, Tjalling Charles, 1910-84
  • Kornai, Janos, 1928-
  • k-price auction
  • Krueger, Anne Osborn, 1934-
  • krugerrand
  • Krugman, Paul Robin, 1953-
  • kursmaider
  • kurtosis
  • Kuznets curve
  • Kuznets cycle
  • Kuznets, Simon Smith, 1901-85
  • Kydland, Finn Erling, 1943-(B3)
  • Kyoto Summit
  • L
  • L
  • Labor Management Relations Act 1947
  • Labor Management Reporting and Disclosure Act 1959
  • labor union
  • labour
  • labour-augmenting technical progress
  • labour compact
  • labour cost
  • labour disutility theory
  • labour force
  • labour force participation rate
  • labour intensive
  • labour-managed firm
  • labour market
  • labour market intermittency
  • labour market policy
  • labour market reform
  • labour market rigidities
  • labour mobility
  • labour power
  • labour process theory
  • labour’s share of national income
  • labour standard
  • labour supply
  • labour theory of value
  • Lachmann, Ludwig, 1906-90
  • lacking
  • Laffer curve
  • lag
  • lagged variable
  • lagging indicator
  • laissez-faire
  • Lamfalussy Report
  • land
  • land bank
  • land economy
  • landownership
  • Landrum-Griffin Act 1959
  • large-scale models
  • laser banking
  • Laspeyres index
  • Lassalle’s law of wages
  • last-in, first-out
  • late capitalism
  • latent entrepreneurship
  • Latin American debt crisis
  • Latin American Free Trade Association
  • Lauderdale (James Maitland), Eighth Earl of, 1759-1830
  • laundering money
  • Lausanne School
  • Lautro
  • law and economics
  • Law, John, 1671-1729
  • law of diminishing marginal utility
  • law of diminishing returns
  • law of one price
  • law of reciprocal demand
  • law of reflux
  • law of satiable wants
  • law of the few
  • law of value
  • law of variable proportions
  • Lawson boom
  • leading firms ratio
  • leading indicators
  • leads and lags
  • leakage
  • leaky bucket
  • learning-by-doing
  • learning-by-helping
  • learning curve
  • least squares method
  • Le Chatelier principle
  • legal tender
  • Lehman Brothers collapse
  • leisure
  • leisure class
  • Leibenstein, Harvey, 1922-92
  • lemonade stand capitalism
  • lemons market
  • lender of last resort
  • lender’s risk
  • lending rate
  • Leontief paradox
  • Leontief technology
  • Leontief, Wassily Wassilyovitch, 1906-99
  • leptokurtic
  • Lerner, Abba Ptachya, 1903-82
  • Lerner effect
  • Lerner index
  • less developed country
  • letter of credit
  • letter stock
  • level of significance
  • leverage
  • leverage cycle
  • leveraged management buyout
  • Lewis-Fei-Ranis model
  • Lewis, William Arthur (Sir Arthur), 1915-91
  • liability management
  • liberal collectivism
  • Liberman, Yevsei, 1912-83
  • libertarian economics
  • lifeboat operation
  • life-cycle hypothesis
  • lifetime averaging
  • lifetime client value
  • light industry
  • limited arbitrage
  • limited company
  • limited general competitive bidding
  • limited market liberalization
  • limited partnership
  • limit order
  • limit order book
  • limit price
  • Lindahl equilibrium
  • Lindahl, Erik, 1891-1960
  • Lindahl price
  • linear correlation
  • linear programming
  • linear regression
  • line item veto
  • linkage
  • linkage models
  • Lipsey, Richard George, 1928-
  • liquid assets
  • liquid assets ratio
  • liquidationism
  • liquidity
  • liquidity preference
  • liquidity trap
  • liquid market
  • List, Friedrich, 1789-1846
  • listed bank
  • listed company
  • listed security
  • list price
  • little dragons
  • living wage
  • Lloyd’s
  • Lloyd’s name
  • LM curve
  • load fund
  • loanable funds theory
  • loanshark
  • loan stock
  • Local Enterprise Agency
  • local currency
  • local expectations theory
  • local government finance
  • local labour market
  • local monopoly
  • local public good
  • local union
  • location theory
  • locked-in effect
  • locked-in industry
  • locked-in knowledge
  • locomotive effect
  • lockout
  • logistic cycle
  • logit model
  • logrolling
  • Lombard rate
  • Lomé Convention
  • London Discount Market Association
  • London Inter-Bank Offered Rate
  • London International Financial Futures Exchange
  • London Traded Options Market
  • long
  • Long Boom
  • long fraud
  • longitudinal data
  • long period
  • long-term credit bank
  • long-term income averaging
  • long wave
  • looking-glass effect
  • Lorenz curve
  • loss aversion
  • loss function
  • loss leader
  • Lost Decade
  • Lotharingian axis
  • lottery
  • Louvre Accord
  • lower quartile
  • low pay
  • loyalty bonus
  • Loyd, Samuel Jones, 1796-1883
  • L-shaped cost curve
  • L share
  • Lucas islands model
  • Lucas, Robert Emerson, Jr, 1937-
  • Lucas supply function
  • Luddite
  • lump of labour fallacy
  • lump-sum tax
  • lumpy consumer durable
  • Lundberg, Erik Filip, 1907-89
  • Lundberg lag
  • Luxemburg effect
  • Luxemburg, Rosa, 1870-1919
  • luxury
  • M
  • M0
  • M1
  • M2
  • M3
  • M3c
  • M4
  • M5
  • Maastricht Treaty
  • macaroni defence
  • machinery question
  • Machlup, Fritz, 1928-83
  • Macmillan Gap
  • macroeconomic demand schedule
  • macroeconomic policy
  • macroeconomics
  • magic quadrilateral
  • Mahalanobis model
  • Main Street
  • Malinvaud, Edmond, 1923-
  • malleable capital
  • Malmquist index
  • Malthusian trap
  • Malthus, Thomas Robert, 1766-1834
  • managed currency fund
  • managed floating system
  • managed trade
  • management accounting
  • management buyout
  • management by objectives
  • managerial models of the firm
  • managerial revolution
  • managerial utility function maximization
  • Manchester School
  • Mandeville, Bernard, 1670-1733
  • Manhattan metaphor
  • mania
  • manpower forecasting
  • manpower policy
  • maple leaf
  • Maquiladora
  • Marcet, Jane, 1769-1858
  • marginal cost
  • marginal cost of abatement
  • marginal cost pricing
  • marginal efficiency of capital
  • marginal efficiency of investment
  • marginal employment subsidy
  • marginal firm
  • marginalism
  • marginalists
  • marginal physical product
  • marginal private cost
  • marginal private damage
  • marginal productivity theory
  • marginal product of labour
  • marginal propensity to consume
  • marginal propensity to import
  • marginal propensity to save
  • marginal rate of substitution
  • marginal rate of transformation
  • marginal revenue
  • marginal revenue product
  • marginal social cost
  • marginal social damage
  • marginal tax rate
  • marginal utility
  • margin call
  • margin of safety
  • margin requirements
  • margins
  • margin trading
  • market
  • marketable discharge permit
  • market adjustment
  • market anti-inflation plan
  • market balance of payments
  • market capitalization
  • market clearing
  • market clearing price
  • market concentration
  • market-conforming chain of causation
  • market demand
  • market discrimination coefficient
  • market distortion
  • market economy
  • market equilibrium
  • market failure
  • market forces
  • market form
  • market fundamentalism
  • marketization
  • market-maker
  • market order
  • market penetration cost
  • market power
  • market prices
  • market rate of interest
  • market risk
  • market segmentation
  • market sentiment
  • market share
  • market socialism
  • market space
  • market structure
  • marking
  • marketing liquidity
  • Markov chain model
  • Markovitz efficient portfolio
  • Markovitz, Harry Max, 1927-
  • mark-up
  • mark-up pricing
  • marriage allowance
  • marriage market
  • Marshall, Alfred, 1842-1924
  • Marshallian demand curve
  • Marshallian long period
  • Marshallian methodology
  • Marshallian short period
  • Marshallian stability
  • Marshall-Lerner condition
  • Marshall Plan
  • Marshall’s rule
  • Martineau, Harriet, 1802-76
  • martingale
  • Marxian economics
  • Marx, Karl Heinrich, 1818-83
  • marzipan layer
  • Maskin, Eric Stark, 1950-
  • matched bargain
  • matching
  • matching function
  • material balance
  • material good
  • mathematical economics
  • matrix management
  • mature economy
  • maturity
  • maturity mismatch
  • maturity structure of debt
  • maturity transformation
  • maximin
  • maximum likelihood estimator
  • Mayday
  • McFadden Branch Banking Act 1927
  • McFadden, Daniel L., 1937-
  • McKinnon’s complementarity hypothesis
  • MCM
  • Meade, James E., 1907-96
  • mean
  • mean deviation
  • means of payment
  • measure of economic welfare
  • median
  • median voter theorem
  • medical-industrial complex
  • medium of account
  • medium of exchange
  • medium of redemption
  • medium run
  • Medium-term Financial Strategy
  • megacorp
  • Menger, Carl, 1840-1921
  • menu costs of inflation
  • mercantilism
  • Mercantilist Trade Restrictiveness Index
  • merchandise balance of trade
  • merchant bank
  • merchant capitalism
  • merger
  • merger arbitrage
  • merger policy
  • merit bad
  • merit good
  • merit want
  • Merton, Robert Carhart, 1944-
  • mesoeconomy
  • meta-economics
  • metallist
  • Metropolitan Statistical Area
  • Metzler paradox
  • Mexican peso crisis
  • mezzanine finance
  • M-form
  • microcredit
  • microeconomics
  • microproduction function
  • microsimulation model
  • mid-abled
  • middle price
  • middle product
  • migrant labour
  • migration
  • migration-fed unemployment
  • military-industrial complex
  • military Keynesianism
  • Millennium development goals
  • Miller, Merton, 1923-2000
  • Mill, James, 1773-1836
  • Mill, John Stuart, 1806-73
  • mineral-based economy
  • minimal state
  • minimax
  • minimum efficient scale
  • minimum funding requirement
  • minimum lending rate
  • minimum list heading
  • minimum reserve requirements
  • minimum supply price of labour
  • minimum wage
  • Ministry of International Trade and Industry
  • Minsky, Hyman Philip, 1919-96
  • Mirrlees, James A., 1936-
  • misaligned rate of exchange
  • Mises, Ludwig Edler von, 1881-1973
  • misintermediation
  • mismatch
  • missing market
  • missing trade
  • Mitchell, Wesley Clair, 1874-1948
  • mixed bundling
  • mixed credit
  • mixed economy
  • mixed good
  • mobility of labour
  • mobility status
  • mobility trap
  • mode
  • model
  • model company management
  • model institutional investor
  • Model Tax Convention
  • modern economy
  • Modigliani, Franco, 1918-2003
  • moments
  • monetarism
  • monetarist approach to the balance of payments
  • monetary accommodation
  • monetary base
  • Monetary Control Act 1980
  • monetary inflation
  • monetary overhang
  • monetary policy
  • Monetary Policy Committee
  • monetary policy uncertainty
  • monetary shock
  • monetary veil
  • monetization
  • money
  • money at call
  • money centre bank
  • money gross domestic product
  • money illusion
  • money income
  • money laundering
  • money market certificate
  • money market deposit account
  • money market mutual fund
  • money multiplier
  • moneyness
  • money-order economy
  • money-purchase pension
  • money supply
  • monkey
  • Monnet’s law
  • monobank
  • mono-economics
  • Monopolies and Mergers Commission
  • monopolistic competition
  • monopoly
  • monopoly capitalism
  • monopoly power
  • monopoly profit
  • monopoly zoning
  • monopsonistic competition
  • monopsony
  • Monte Carlo methods
  • Mont Pelerin Society
  • moonlight economy
  • moonlighting
  • moral hazard
  • moral political economy
  • moral suasion
  • Morgan Stanley Capital International World Index
  • Morgenstern, Oskar, 1902-77
  • Morishima, Michio, 1923-2004
  • Mortensen, Dale Thomas, 1939-
  • Mortensen-Pissarides model
  • mortgage
  • mortgage bond
  • mortgage credit association
  • mortgage equity withdrawal
  • mortgage pass-through security
  • mortgage strip
  • most favoured nation
  • mothballing
  • motility
  • motivation crowding effect
  • Motor of Europe
  • moving averages
  • moving equilibrium
  • multicollinearity
  • Multi-Fibre Arrangement
  • multilateral aid
  • Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
  • multilevel marketing
  • multimarket contact
  • multimodal frequency curve
  • multinational corporation
  • multiple correlation
  • multiple equilibria
  • multiple exchange rate
  • multiple prize contest
  • multiple unit auction
  • multiplier
  • multiplier-accelerator model
  • multistage tax
  • multivariate analysis
  • Mun, Thomas, 1571-1641
  • Mundell-Fleming model
  • Mundell, Robert Alexander, 1932-
  • Mundell-Tobin effect
  • muni
  • Mussa theorem
  • Muth-Mills model
  • mutual fund
  • mutual insurance company
  • Myerson, Roger Bruce, 1951-
  • Myners Committee
  • Myrdal, Gunnar, 1898-1987
  • N
  • naked exclusion
  • nanny state
  • narcodollars
  • Nash bargaining
  • Nash equilibrium
  • Nash, John Forbes, 1928-
  • National Association of Securities Dealers and Investment Managers
  • National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation System
  • National Banking Act 1863
  • National Board for Prices and Incomes
  • National Bureau of Economic Research
  • national debt
  • National Economic Development Council
  • national income
  • National Income and Product Accounts
  • National Industrial Recovery Act 1933
  • National Institute for Economic and Social Research
  • national insurance contribution
  • nationalization
  • nationalized industry
  • National Labor Relations Act 1935
  • National Labor Relations Board
  • National Plan (UK)
  • national wealth
  • natural economy
  • natural experiment
  • natural increase
  • natural monopoly
  • natural price
  • natural rate of growth
  • natural rate of interest
  • natural rate of unemployment
  • natural resource curse
  • natural resources
  • natural trade
  • Navigation Acts
  • near money
  • near rationality
  • needs of trade
  • needs standard
  • negative equity
  • negative externality
  • negative feedback
  • negative income tax
  • negative saving
  • negotiable order of withdrawal
  • negotiated co-ordination
  • neighbourhood effect
  • neoclassical economics
  • neoclassical gradualist model of transition
  • neoclassical synthesis
  • neo-Keynesians
  • neo-Malthusians
  • neo-Marxists
  • neo-mercantilism
  • neo-Ricardian theory
  • net acquisition of financial assets
  • net asset value
  • net barter terms of trade
  • net economic welfare
  • net investment
  • net present value
  • net property income from abroad
  • netput
  • netting
  • networker
  • network externality
  • networking economy
  • network theory
  • net worth
  • neural network model
  • neuroeconomics
  • neutral budget
  • neutrality of money
  • neutral real rate of interest
  • neutral technical progress
  • New Cambridge economics
  • new classical economics
  • new conditionality
  • New Deal
  • New Earnings Survey
  • new economic geography
  • new economic history
  • New Economic Mechanism
  • New Economic Policy
  • new economy
  • new federalism
  • new financial order
  • new fiscal federalism
  • new growth theory
  • new home economics
  • new industrial state
  • new institutional economics
  • new international division of labour
  • New International Economic Order
  • new issue
  • new Keynesian
  • New Keynesian Phillips curve
  • New Left
  • newly industrialized country
  • new macroeconomics
  • New Millennium economics
  • new political economy
  • new protectionism
  • new regionalism
  • New Right
  • ‘news’
  • new town
  • new trade theory
  • New York Mercantile Exchange
  • New York Stock Exchange
  • N-firm concentration ratio
  • niche bank
  • niche trading
  • Nikkeiren
  • Nobel Prize for Economics
  • nodal pricing
  • noise
  • noise trader
  • noisy business cycle
  • no-load fund
  • nomenklatura
  • nominal
  • nominal gross domestic product
  • nominal income
  • nominal share price puzzle
  • nominal tax rate
  • nominee account
  • nomocratic state
  • non-accelerating inflation rate of unemployment
  • non-bank
  • non-bank activities
  • non-basic commodity
  • non-basic industry
  • non-competing group
  • non-employment
  • non-goal equilibrium
  • non-interest-bearing M1
  • non-linear correlation
  • non-linear pricing
  • non-market sector
  • non-parametric model
  • non-pecuniary returns
  • non-point pollution control
  • non-price competition
  • non-profit enterprise
  • non-renewable resources
  • non-standard tax relief
  • non-tariff barrier
  • non-tradables
  • non-zero-sum game
  • normal distribution
  • normal good
  • normal price
  • normal profit
  • normative economics
  • Norris-La Guardia Act 1932
  • North American Free Trade Area
  • North American Industry Classification System
  • North, Douglass Cecil, 1920-
  • north-south gap
  • North-South trade
  • note issuance facility
  • not-for-profit organization
  • ‘Not in my backyard’
  • no-trade equilibrium
  • NOW account
  • Nozick, Robert, 1938-2002
  • N share
  • null hypothesis
  • numéraire
  • nutcracker theory of the business cycle
  • O
  • Oaxaca wage decomposition
  • objective function
  • objectives of firms
  • occupation
  • occupational licensing
  • occupational mobility
  • occupational segregation
  • odious debt
  • OECD composite leading indicator
  • off-balance-sheet financing
  • offer curve
  • offer price
  • off-exchange instrument
  • Office of Fair Trading
  • Office of Management and Budget
  • official development assistance
  • official financing
  • official reserves
  • offshore banking
  • offshoring
  • off-the-job training
  • Ohlin, Bertil, 1899-1979
  • oil-price increases
  • Okun, Arthur Melvin, 1928-80
  • Okun’s law
  • Old Age, Survivors, Disability and Health Insurance
  • old boy network
  • old economy
  • Old Lady of Threadneedle Street
  • old staples
  • oligopoly
  • oligopsony
  • Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act
  • one-bank holding company
  • one-club policy
  • one country, two systems
  • one-crop economy
  • one hundred per cent reserve banking
  • one-price law
  • one-shot game
  • one-tailed test
  • One two three bank
  • on-the-job training
  • open bidding system
  • open economy
  • open-ended fund
  • open market operations
  • open population
  • open shop
  • open unemployment
  • Operation Twist
  • opportunistic behaviour
  • opportunity cost
  • optimal control
  • optimal growth model
  • optimal peg
  • optimal rate of pollution
  • optimal risk adjustment
  • optimal saving
  • optimal taxation
  • optimal work effort
  • optimization problem
  • optimum city
  • optimum currency area
  • optimum firm
  • optimum income tax
  • optimum population
  • optimum quantity of money
  • optimum tariff
  • option
  • option demand
  • options exchanges
  • orderly market agreement
  • ordinalist revolution
  • ordinal utility
  • ordinary share
  • organic composition of capital
  • organic premium
  • organizational economics
  • Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development
  • Organisation for European Economic Co-operation
  • Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
  • organization theory
  • original issue discount bond
  • orphan assets
  • Ostrom, Elinor, 1933-
  • other checkable deposits
  • ‘other things being equal’
  • out of the money
  • outlier
  • outplacement agency
  • output budgeting
  • output capacity
  • output floor regulation
  • output gap
  • output-inflation trade off
  • outside lag
  • outside money
  • outsider wage setting
  • outsourcing
  • overaccumulation
  • over-award payment
  • overdraft
  • overfunding
  • overhead capital (E2)
  • overhead costs
  • overheating
  • overlapping generations model
  • overleveraged
  • overnight money
  • overseas assets
  • overseas sterling area
  • overshooting
  • overshooting price
  • Overstone, Lord
  • over-the-counter market
  • overtime
  • overtrading
  • over-urbanization
  • overvalued currency
  • Owen, Robert, 1771-1858
  • owner occupation
  • ownership structure
  • own rate of interest
  • P
  • Paasche index
  • Pacific Rim
  • package deal
  • panel bank
  • panel data
  • Panglossian economics
  • paper gold
  • paperless entry
  • paper money
  • paper profit
  • paradox of costs
  • paradox of debt
  • paradox of lending
  • paradox of liquidity
  • paradox of thrift
  • paradox of value
  • paradox of voting
  • parallel currency strategy
  • parallel importing
  • parallel loan
  • parallel market economy
  • parallel plants
  • parallel pricing
  • parallel trade
  • parameter
  • parametric pricing
  • parasitic city
  • parasitic industry or trade
  • parastatal
  • Pareto efficiency
  • Pareto improvement
  • Pareto optimum
  • Pareto, Vilfredo, 1848-1923
  • Paris Club
  • Parkinson’s law
  • partial equilibrium analysis
  • partial unemployment
  • participating security
  • partnership
  • par value
  • patent
  • patent paradox
  • patent pool
  • path dependent
  • Patinkin, Don, 1922-97
  • patriarchal monopoly
  • patrimonial industry
  • pattern model
  • pattern settlement
  • payback method
  • PAYE
  • pay freeze
  • payment by results
  • payment-in-kind bond
  • pay-off
  • pay performance sensitivity
  • pay policy
  • payroll tax
  • peace dividend
  • peak-load pricing
  • Pearson Report
  • pecking-order theory
  • pecuniary economy of scale
  • pecuniary external economy
  • pecuniary returns
  • pegged exchange rate
  • pendulum arbitration
  • penetrative capacity
  • penny share
  • Penrose, Edith Tilton, 1914-96
  • pension
  • pension fund
  • pension mis-selling
  • pension reform
  • pension scheme
  • percentage grant
  • percentile
  • perestroika
  • perfect competition
  • perfect price discrimination
  • performance-related pay
  • peripheral capitalism
  • periphery firm
  • perks
  • permanent arms economy
  • permanent employment
  • permanent income hypothesis
  • perpetuity
  • personal bank
  • personal capitalism
  • personal equity plan
  • personal income
  • personal income distribution
  • personal sector liquid assets
  • personnel economics
  • per-unit tax
  • perverse price
  • Peter G. Petersen Institute for International Economics
  • Peter principle
  • petrocurrency
  • petrodollars
  • petroleum revenue tax
  • Petty, Sir William, 1623-87
  • Petty’s law
  • Phelps, Edmund Strother, Jr, 1933-
  • Phillips, Alban William Housego, 1914-75
  • Phillips curve
  • physical quality of life index
  • Physiocrats
  • picketing
  • piece rate
  • piecework system
  • Pigou, Arthur Cecil, 1877-1959
  • Pigou effect
  • Pigovian subsidy
  • Pigovian tax
  • Pink Book
  • pink economy
  • Pippy
  • Pissarides, Christopher Antoniou, 1948-
  • pit committee
  • Pittsburgh-plus
  • placing
  • planned obsolescence
  • planning, programming, budgeting
  • plastic money
  • platform design paradox
  • Plato, 428/7-348/7 BC
  • platykurtic
  • Plaza Agreement
  • Plaza Two
  • Plowden Committee
  • plutocratic gap
  • point elasticity
  • point estimate
  • point-input, point-output model
  • poison pill
  • Polanyi, Karl, 1886-1964
  • polarization
  • polarization effect
  • policy credibility
  • policy harmonization
  • policy lag
  • policy smoothing
  • policy variable
  • political business cycle
  • political economics
  • political economy
  • Political Economy Club
  • poll tax
  • pollution charge
  • pollution control
  • pollution tax
  • Ponzi scheme
  • poop
  • Poor Laws
  • popular capitalism
  • population
  • population census
  • population density
  • population explosion
  • population policy
  • populist interest rate
  • pork barrel legislation
  • portfolio balance
  • portfolio investment
  • portfolio optimization
  • portfolio selection
  • portfolio trade
  • positional good
  • position-risk capital
  • positive assortative matching
  • positive discrimination
  • positive economics
  • positive feedback
  • POS machine
  • postcode lottery
  • post-contractual optimism
  • posted price
  • post-entry discrimination
  • post-industrial society
  • post-Keynesians
  • postmodern economics
  • post-neoclassical endogenous growth theory
  • potential output
  • potential surprise function
  • poverty
  • poverty line
  • poverty trap
  • power law
  • praxeology
  • Prebisch, Raúl D., 1901-86
  • Prebisch-Singer thesis
  • precautionary demand for money
  • precautionary principle
  • precycle
  • predator-prey model
  • predatory lending
  • predatory pricing
  • pre-emption right
  • pre-entry discrimination
  • preference falsification
  • preference share
  • preferential choice theory
  • preferential trading arrangement
  • preferred habitat theory
  • premium
  • premium pay
  • Premium Savings Bond
  • Prescott, Edward Christian, 1940-
  • present value
  • presumptive tax
  • price
  • price bunching
  • price cap regulation
  • price ceiling
  • Price Commission
  • price-consumption curve
  • price controls
  • price determination
  • price discovery process
  • price discrimination
  • price-earnings ratio
  • price effect
  • price elasticity of demand
  • price flexibility
  • price floor
  • price gap
  • price incentive
  • price leadership
  • price level
  • price level rigidity
  • price-maker
  • price-offer curve
  • price pass-through
  • price perception
  • price pressure
  • price rigidity
  • price risk
  • price-sensitive information
  • price spike
  • prices policy
  • price stabilization
  • price staggering
  • price surface
  • price system
  • price taking
  • price twist
  • price war
  • primary capital
  • primary care trust
  • primary commodity prices
  • primary dealer
  • primary deficit
  • primary employment
  • primary labour market
  • primary market
  • Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area
  • primary mortgage market
  • primary offering
  • primary product
  • primary ratio
  • primary standard
  • primary surplus
  • Prime-1
  • prime age worker
  • prime bank
  • prime bank scam
  • prime cost
  • prime rate of interest
  • primitive economy
  • principal
  • principal-agent
  • principalship
  • prisoners’ dilemma
  • private cost
  • private cost of unemployment
  • private enterprise
  • private enterprise system
  • private equity
  • Private Finance Initiative
  • private good
  • private governance
  • private marginal benefit
  • private placement
  • private rate of discount
  • private sector
  • private sector liquidity (UK)
  • privatization
  • probability
  • probable error
  • probit model
  • procyclicality
  • producer price index
  • producer’s surplus
  • producer subsidy equivalent
  • product compatibility
  • product differentiation
  • production asymmetry
  • production function
  • production possibility frontier
  • production quota
  • productive capital
  • productive labour
  • productive potential
  • productivity
  • productivity bargaining
  • productivity shock
  • product life cycle
  • product market
  • product moment formula
  • profession
  • professional trader
  • profit
  • profitability
  • profit and loss account
  • profit centre
  • profit maximization
  • profit motive
  • profit-related pay
  • profit squeeze
  • profit taking
  • programme deal
  • program trading (US)
  • progressive consumption tax
  • progressive tax
  • prohibitive tariff
  • project appraisal
  • proletariat
  • promissory note
  • propensity to consume
  • propensity to save
  • property rights
  • property tax
  • property tax capitalization
  • pro-poor index
  • proportional accounting
  • proportional tax
  • proportionate grant
  • Proposition 13
  • proprietors’ income
  • prospect theory
  • prospectus
  • prosperity indicators
  • protean economy
  • protection
  • protective labour legislation
  • proto-industrialization
  • proto-proletariat
  • Provisional Collection of Taxes Act
  • proxy
  • pseudo production function
  • P-star model
  • psychic income
  • psychological economy
  • psychology
  • public benefit corporation
  • public choice theory
  • public commodities problem
  • public debt
  • public economics
  • public enterprise
  • public expenditure
  • public expenditure control
  • Public Expenditure Survey Committee
  • public finance
  • public good
  • public interest company
  • public interest theory
  • public pricing
  • public sector
  • public sector balance sheet
  • public sector borrowing requirement
  • public sector debt repayment
  • public service employment
  • public spending ratio
  • public utility
  • public works
  • pump priming
  • purchase tax
  • purchasing power parity
  • pure bundling
  • pure competition
  • pure credit economy
  • pure discretion
  • pure economic rent
  • pure inflation
  • pure interest rate
  • pure monopoly
  • pure profit
  • pure public good
  • put option
  • put price
  • put-through
  • putty-clay
  • putty-putty
  • pyramiding
  • pyramid selling
  • Q
  • Q ratio
  • Q theory of mergers
  • quadriad
  • quality-adjusted life years
  • quality circle
  • quantitative easing
  • quantitative restrictions
  • quantity theory of money
  • quartile deviation
  • quasi-autonomous non-governmental organization
  • quasi-fixed factor
  • quasi-market
  • quasi-rent
  • Quesnay, François, 1694-1774
  • queuing system
  • quick assets ratio
  • quit rate
  • quota
  • quoted company
  • R
  • Rachmanism
  • racial discrimination
  • Radcliffe Report
  • radical economics
  • Rambouillet Summit
  • Ramsey prices
  • Ramsey saving rule
  • Ramsey taxes
  • Randall Commission
  • random variations
  • random walk theory
  • Randstad
  • range
  • rank correlation
  • rank-order tournament
  • rank size rule
  • ratchet effect
  • rate of exploitation
  • rate of forgetfulness
  • rate of interest
  • rate of return
  • rate of return dominance puzzle
  • rate of return regulation
  • rates
  • rate support grant
  • rating agency
  • rating shopping
  • ratio analysis
  • rational bubble
  • rational decision
  • rational expectations
  • rationing
  • raw data
  • Rawlsian difference principle
  • Rawlsian justice
  • reaction curve
  • reaction function
  • Reaganomics
  • real assets
  • real balance effect
  • real bills doctrine
  • real business-cycle theory
  • real estate investment trust
  • real exchange rate
  • real growth
  • real income
  • real interest rate
  • real option theory
  • real price
  • real property tax
  • real rate of return
  • real-wage hypothesis
  • real wages
  • recession
  • recessionary gap
  • recession exposure scoring system
  • reciprocal demand law
  • Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act 1934
  • recognition lag
  • recognized professional body
  • reconciliation bill
  • recontract
  • recoupment fallacy
  • recovery
  • rectification
  • recurrent spot contracting
  • recursive system
  • recycling
  • Red Book
  • red chip
  • redemption date
  • redemption yield
  • redlining
  • red tape
  • reduced form equation
  • reference cycle
  • refugee capital
  • refunding
  • regional banking pacts
  • regional economic performance indicators
  • regional economics
  • regional employment premium
  • regional integration agreement
  • regional multiplier
  • regional policy
  • regional selective assistance
  • regional trading bloc
  • regional wage bargaining
  • regrating
  • regression
  • regression curve
  • regressive expectations
  • regressive tax
  • regret
  • regrettable
  • regular economy
  • regular labour
  • regulated firm
  • regulation
  • Regulation D
  • Regulation K
  • Regulation Q
  • Regulation School
  • Regulation U
  • regulatory agency
  • regulatory capitalism
  • regulatory capture
  • regulatory theory
  • Rehn-Meidner model
  • Reid, Margaret, 1896-1991
  • reinsurance
  • reintermediation
  • relational capital
  • relational wealth
  • relative concentration
  • relative income hypothesis
  • relative price
  • relative surplus value
  • religion
  • remittance
  • remuneration committee
  • renewable resource
  • Rengo
  • rent
  • rental payment
  • rent control
  • renter illusion
  • rentier
  • rent seeking
  • reoffering yield
  • repackaging
  • repeated game
  • replacement cost
  • replacement investment
  • replacement labour force
  • replacement ratio
  • representative firm
  • reproduction
  • repurchase agreement
  • reputation
  • reputational equilibrium
  • reputation capital
  • required rental on capital
  • required reserve ratio
  • resale price maintenance
  • rescheduling of debt
  • research and development
  • research programme
  • reservation price
  • reservation wage
  • reserve army of labour
  • reserve assets
  • reserve base
  • reserve currency
  • reserve ratio
  • reserve requirements
  • resident population
  • residualization
  • Resolution Trust Corporation
  • resource economics
  • resource monotonicity
  • restoration cost
  • restrictive practice
  • re-switching
  • retail bank
  • retail price index
  • retained earnings
  • retirement
  • retirement age
  • retrophobia
  • returns to scale
  • revalorization
  • revaluation
  • revealed preference
  • revenue
  • revenue economy
  • revenue maximization
  • revenue neutral
  • revenue seeking
  • revenue sharing
  • revenue support grant
  • reverse auction
  • reverse causation hypothesis
  • reverse discrimination
  • reverse income tax
  • reverse J-shaped frequency curve
  • reverse takeover
  • reverse yield gap
  • reversionary bonus
  • revolving credit
  • revolving underwriting facility
  • rhetoric
  • Rhenish capitalism
  • Rhinelands hourglass
  • Ricardian equivalence theorem
  • Ricardian socialists
  • Ricardian theory of value
  • Ricardo, David, 1772-1823
  • Ricardo effect
  • rights issue
  • right-to-work state
  • ringfencing
  • risk
  • risk-adjusted discount rate
  • risk asset system
  • risk aversion
  • risk-based banking standards
  • risk-based premium
  • risk capital
  • risk-free asset
  • risk lover
  • risk management
  • risk neutral
  • risk package
  • risk pooling
  • risk premium
  • risky asset
  • rival good
  • Robbins, Lionel (Lord), 1898-1984
  • Robertson, Dennis Holme, 1890-1963
  • Robertsonian lag
  • Robinson Crusoe economy
  • Robinson, Joan Violet, 1903-83
  • Robinson-Patman Act 1936
  • robust regression
  • rolling settlement
  • rollover ratio
  • Rooker-Wise Amendment
  • Rostow, Walt Whitman, 1916-2003
  • rotating credit
  • rotten kid theorem
  • roundabout method of production
  • roundtripping
  • Royal Economic Society
  • RPI - X
  • RPI - Y
  • rules of origin
  • rules versus discretion
  • runaway industry
  • runaway inflation
  • runaway shop
  • running broker
  • run on a bank
  • rustbelt
  • Rybczynski theorem
  • S
  • sacrifice ratio
  • sacrifice theory
  • saddle point
  • safe asset
  • Saint-Simon, Claude-Henri de Rouvroy de, 1760-1825
  • saitori
  • sales maximization
  • sales ratios
  • sales tax
  • Samaritan’s dilemma
  • sample
  • Samuelson, Paul Anthony, 1915-2009
  • samurai bond
  • Sandilands Report
  • sandwich generation
  • Sargent, Thomas John, 1943-
  • satisfaction
  • satisficing
  • Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency
  • Saudi-ization
  • savings
  • savings and loan association
  • savings function
  • savings ratio
  • savings trap
  • Say, Jean Baptiste, 1767-1832
  • Say’s law
  • scab
  • scalar principle
  • scarcity
  • scarcity index
  • scarcity pricing
  • scarring
  • scatter diagram
  • tax
  • Schelling, Thomas Crombie, 1921-
  • Scholes, Myron Samuel, 1941-
  • school vouchers
  • Schultz, Theodore William, 1902-98
  • Schumacher, Ernst Friedrich, 1911-77
  • Schumpeterian entrepreneur
  • Schumpeter, Joseph Alois, 1883-1950
  • Schwartz, Anna Jacobson, 1915-
  • scissors diagram
  • Scitovsky reversal test
  • Scitovsky, Tibor, 1910-2002
  • scoring auction
  • screening
  • scrip issue
  • scriptural currency
  • S-curve
  • seagull manager
  • sealed bid auction
  • search cost
  • search good
  • search unemployment
  • seasonal adjustment
  • seasonal unemployment
  • secondary action
  • secondary bank
  • secondary banking crisis
  • secondary capital
  • secondary employment
  • secondary labour market
  • secondary market
  • secondary mortgage market
  • secondary standard
  • second best
  • second-degree price discrimination
  • second economy
  • second-generation product
  • second market
  • second-price auction
  • Second World
  • Section 20 subsidiary
  • sector adjustment lending
  • Securities and Exchange Commission
  • Securities Association
  • Securities Exchange Act 1934
  • securities market
  • securitization
  • security
  • seed capital
  • segmented labour market theory
  • seignorage
  • selection bias
  • Selective Employment Tax
  • self-employment
  • self-insurance
  • self-interest
  • self-regulation
  • self-regulatory organization
  • self-sufficient economy
  • sellers’ market
  • selling short
  • Sell in May and go away
  • Selten, Reinhard, 1930-
  • semi-colonial country
  • semi-interquartile range
  • Sen, Amartya K., 1933-
  • senior debt
  • seniority principle
  • Senior, Nassau William, 1790-1864
  • separation theorem
  • sequential auction
  • sequential externality
  • sequential game
  • sequestration
  • serial correlation
  • service industry
  • services
  • servicing a debt
  • set aside
  • severe correction
  • Sex Discrimination Acts 1975, 1986
  • sexual discrimination
  • sexual division of labour
  • Shackle, George Lennox Sharman, 1903-92
  • shadow bank
  • shadow director
  • shadow economy
  • shadow price
  • shake-out process
  • shallow market
  • sham trading
  • Shapiro-Stiglitz model
  • Shapley value
  • share
  • share borrowing
  • share buy-back
  • sharecropper
  • shared monopoly
  • share economy
  • share fisherman
  • share support operation
  • Sharpe, William Forsyth, 1934-
  • shelf registration
  • shell company
  • shell operation
  • sheltered employment
  • Sherman Act 1890
  • shifting of taxes
  • shift share analysis
  • shifts in demand or supply curves
  • Shinsanbetsu
  • shirking model
  • shock inflation
  • shoe leather costs of inflation
  • shop steward
  • short
  • shortage economy
  • short selling
  • short-termism
  • short-term money market
  • short-time working
  • Shoup Mission
  • shunto
  • shutdown price
  • siege economy
  • sight deposit
  • signal extraction
  • signal jamming
  • signalling
  • significance test
  • silver ring
  • Simon, Herbert Alexander, 1916-2001
  • Simons, Henry Calvert, 1899-1946
  • Sims, Christopher Albert, 1942-
  • simulation model
  • simultaneous ascending auction
  • single-capacity trading
  • single currency
  • Single European Act 1986
  • single factorial terms of trade
  • single market
  • single-tax movement
  • single-union deal
  • sin tax
  • size distribution
  • size of an economy
  • skewed frequency curve
  • skewness
  • skill differential
  • skimming
  • sleeping beauty
  • sleeping economy
  • sliding parity
  • sliding scale
  • slump
  • slumpflation
  • Slutsky effect
  • Slutsky, Evgeny Evgenievich, 1880-1948
  • small firm
  • smart card
  • smart money
  • Smith, Adam, 1723-90
  • Smithsonian Agreement
  • Smith, Vernon Lomax, 1927-
  • smokestack American stocks
  • Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act 1930
  • snake in the tunnel
  • snugging
  • social accounting
  • social adjustment cost
  • social capital
  • Social Charter
  • social choice theory
  • social compact
  • social conscience fund
  • social contract
  • social cost
  • social cost of monopoly
  • social cost of unemployment
  • social credit
  • social discount rate
  • social dividend scheme
  • social good
  • social insurance
  • socialism
  • social justice
  • social liberalism
  • socially necessary labour time
  • social market economy
  • social opportunity cost of foreign exchange
  • social overhead capital
  • social ownership
  • social political economy
  • social product
  • social profit
  • social rate of discount
  • social responsiveness of corporations
  • social security
  • Social Security Act 1935
  • social spending
  • social surplus
  • social time preference rate
  • social wants
  • social welfare
  • social welfare function
  • Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunications
  • sociological utility theory
  • soft budget
  • soft commission
  • soft commodity
  • soft currency
  • soft dollar services
  • soft landing
  • soft loan
  • soft modelling
  • sogo bank
  • sogo shosha
  • Sohyo
  • sole proprietor
  • Solow growth model
  • Solow neutral
  • Solow residual
  • Solow, Robert Merton, 1924-
  • sophisticated leader
  • South African Customs Union
  • South African Development Coordination Committee
  • South-South trade
  • sovereign loan
  • sovereign risk
  • Soviet Material Product System
  • Soviet-type economy
  • spaceman economy
  • Spanish customs/practices
  • spatial benefit limitation
  • spatial duopoly
  • spatial equalization
  • spatial monopoly
  • spatial oligopoly
  • Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient
  • special bracket firm
  • special deposit
  • special drawing rights
  • special employment measures
  • specialist
  • specialization
  • specie
  • specie-flow mechanism
  • specification
  • specific duty
  • specific egalitarianism
  • specific risk
  • specific training
  • speculation
  • speculative attack model
  • speculative demand for money
  • speculative price data
  • Spence, Andrew Michael, 1943-
  • spiders
  • spillover effect
  • spokes model
  • sponsor demand
  • spot market
  • spot price/rate
  • spread
  • spread effect
  • spreading
  • Sraffa, Piero, 1898-1983
  • stabex system
  • Stability and Growth Pact
  • stabilization policy
  • stable equilibrium
  • Stackelberg duopoly model
  • Stackelberg model
  • stag
  • stages theory
  • stagflation
  • staggered wage contract
  • stakeholder
  • stamp duty
  • stand-alone cost
  • Standard & Poor 100
  • Standard & Poor 500
  • standard commodity
  • standard deviation
  • standard error of estimate
  • Standard Industrial Classification
  • Standard International Trade Classification
  • Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area
  • standard of living
  • Standard Statistical Metropolitan Area
  • staple export
  • staple theory of growth
  • Star Chamber
  • state capitalism
  • State Earnings-Related Pension Scheme
  • state enterprise
  • Statements of Standard Accounting Practice
  • state monopoly capitalism
  • state preference theory
  • state regulation
  • state theories
  • state trading organization
  • static gains from trade
  • static model
  • stationary state
  • statistical population
  • statistics
  • statutory incidence
  • statutory minimum wage rate
  • staycation
  • steady state economy
  • steady state equilibrium
  • steady state growth
  • stealth tax
  • step cost
  • stepped bond
  • sterilization
  • sterling
  • sterling area
  • sterling commercial paper
  • sterling M3
  • sterling warrant into gilt-edged stock
  • sticky floor
  • sticky information
  • sticky price
  • Stigler, George Joseph, 1911-91
  • Stiglitz, Joseph Eugene 1943-
  • stochastic process
  • stochastic term
  • stock adjustment principle
  • stock and flow concepts
  • stock borrowing
  • stock buy-back
  • stock exchange
  • Stock Exchange Automated Quotation System
  • stock externality
  • stockholder diffusion
  • Stockholm School
  • stock index arbitrage
  • stock index futures market
  • stock market correction
  • stock market crash
  • stock market indices
  • stock market price index
  • stock-output ratio
  • stock ratios
  • stock repurchase
  • stocks
  • Stolper-Samuelson theorem
  • Stone, John Richard Nicholas, 1913-91
  • stop-go
  • store of value
  • storming
  • St Petersburg paradox
  • straddle
  • straight bond
  • straight-choice arbitration
  • strategic bequest motive
  • strategic tax planning
  • strategic trade theory
  • streaker
  • stress test
  • strike
  • strike-free deal
  • strike price
  • strike replacement legislation
  • stripped security
  • strong efficiency
  • strong equilibrium
  • structural adjustment policy
  • structural boom
  • structural deficit
  • structural inflation
  • structural model
  • structural unemployment
  • structure-conduct-performance model
  • structured finance product
  • stub equity
  • Student’s t distribution
  • stylized fact
  • subordinate debt
  • sub-prime loan
  • subsidiarity
  • subsidiary
  • subsidy
  • subsistence
  • subsistence and transformational entrepreneurship
  • subsistence theory of wages
  • substitute
  • substitution effect
  • sunbelt
  • sunk cost
  • sunk cost fallacy
  • sunrise industry
  • sunset clause
  • sunspot theory
  • super-cycle
  • superior good
  • super-multiplier
  • superneutrality
  • supernormal profit
  • supplementary cost
  • Supplementary Financing Facility
  • supplementary special deposits scheme
  • supplier-induced demand
  • supply control
  • supply curve
  • supply function
  • supply price
  • supply-side economics
  • supply-side shocks
  • supply-side socialism
  • suppressed inflation
  • surplus approach
  • surplus economy
  • surplus value
  • survival auction
  • survival process
  • survivor firm
  • sustainability
  • sustainable development
  • sustainable economic growth rate
  • swap market
  • swap network
  • swaption
  • sweated trade
  • sweat equity
  • Swedish budget
  • Swedish School
  • sweetener
  • sweetheart contract
  • swing producer
  • switching cost
  • symmetallism
  • symmetrical frequency curve
  • sympathetic impartial observer
  • syndicalism
  • syndicated loan
  • synergy
  • systematic risk
  • systemic risk
  • systemism
  • System of Material Product Balances
  • System of National Accounts
  • T
  • Tableau économique
  • tacit knowledge
  • Taft-Hartley Act 1947
  • take-off
  • takeover
  • takeover panel
  • take-up rate
  • tangible net worth
  • tangible wealth
  • tap stock
  • targeting
  • target premium
  • target price
  • target variable
  • tariff
  • tariffication
  • tariff jumping
  • taste
  • tâtonnement
  • taxable capacity
  • taxable income
  • taxation
  • tax avoidance
  • tax base
  • tax-based incomes policy
  • tax bracket creep
  • tax buoyancy
  • tax burden
  • tax capitalization
  • tax competition
  • tax credit
  • tax depreciation
  • tax effort
  • tax elasticity
  • tax erosion
  • tax evasion
  • Tax Exempt Special Savings Account
  • tax expenditure
  • tax farming
  • taxflation
  • Tax Freedom Day
  • tax harmonization
  • tax haven
  • tax incidence
  • tax perception
  • tax reform
  • Tax Reform Act 1986
  • tax revenue
  • tax smoothing
  • tax structure
  • tax threshold
  • tax unit
  • tax wedge
  • Taylorism
  • Taylor’s rule
  • team briefing
  • team theory
  • team work
  • TechMARK
  • technical change
  • technical efficiency
  • technical progress
  • technological rent
  • telecommuting
  • temporary equilibrium
  • tender
  • 1040 (‘ten forty’)
  • Tennessee Valley Authority
  • tenure profile
  • terminal bonus
  • term premium
  • terms of trade
  • terms of trade argument
  • term spread
  • term structure of interest rates
  • tertiary sector
  • test rate of discount
  • test statistic
  • Thatcherism
  • Theil index
  • theonomy
  • theory of clubs
  • theory of the firm
  • theta
  • thin trading
  • third age
  • third-degree price discrimination
  • third market
  • third-party effect
  • third way
  • Third World
  • Third World debt problem
  • Thirlwall’s law
  • Thirty Share Index
  • Thomson Report
  • Thornton, Henry, 1760-1815
  • threat effect
  • three-digit industry
  • three-stage least squares
  • threshold population
  • thrift
  • throughput accounting
  • Thünen, Johann Heinrich von, 1783-1850
  • tick
  • Tiebout hypothesis
  • tied aid
  • tied cottage
  • tied house
  • tight fiscal policy
  • tight monetary policy
  • till money
  • time budget survey
  • time decay
  • time deposit
  • time rate
  • time series
  • timeshare
  • time span
  • time value of money
  • Tinbergen, Jan, 1903-94
  • tit-for-tat strategy
  • Tobin, James, 1918-2002
  • Tobin’s Q
  • Tobin tax
  • Tobit model
  • token money
  • Tokyo Round
  • toll
  • toll model
  • tombstone
  • tontine
  • top-down linkage model
  • top-level efficiency
  • top-sided federalism
  • Torrens, Robert, 1780-1864
  • total costs
  • total fertility rate
  • total public debt
  • total revenue
  • total shareholder return
  • tournament model
  • town clearing
  • toxic assets
  • tracker fund
  • tracking stock
  • tradable discharge permit
  • tradable emission permit
  • tradable procreation entitlement
  • trade
  • Trade Act 1974
  • trade balance
  • trade bill
  • trade creation
  • trade credit
  • trade cycle
  • trade deficit
  • trade diversion
  • traded option
  • Trade Expansion Act 1962
  • trade liberalization
  • trade-off
  • trade policy
  • trade regime
  • trade strategy
  • trade surplus
  • trade threat
  • trade union
  • Trade Union Act 1984
  • Trade Union Reform and Employment Rights Act 1993
  • Trade Unions and Labour Relations Act 1974
  • trade-weighted exchange rate
  • trading on the equity
  • trading potential
  • trading price
  • Tragedy of the Commons
  • transaction bonus
  • transaction cost
  • transaction cost economics
  • transaction price
  • transactions demand for money
  • transferable discharge permit
  • transfer earnings
  • transfer income
  • transfer pricing
  • transfer problem
  • transformational entrepreneurship
  • transformation curve
  • transformation problem
  • transition economy
  • transitory income
  • transmission mechanism
  • transnational corporation
  • transport economics
  • traveller’s cheque
  • traverse
  • treasury
  • treasury bill
  • Treasury model
  • Treasury view
  • treat effect
  • Treaty of Rome
  • trembling-hand perfect equilibrium
  • trend
  • trending price
  • trend periods
  • trickle-down theory
  • Triffin paradox
  • trigger mechanism
  • Troubled Asset Relief Program
  • truck
  • true and fair view
  • trust
  • trust fund
  • Truth in Lending Act 1968
  • tunnelling
  • Turgot, Anne-Robert Jacques, 1727-81
  • turnkey contract
  • turnover ratios
  • turnover tax
  • turnpike theorem
  • tweenies/tweenagers
  • twenty-four-hour trading
  • twin deficits
  • two-digit industry
  • two-dollar broker
  • two-gap development model
  • two-part pricing
  • two-part tariff
  • two-sided market
  • two-speed economy
  • two-stage least squares
  • two-tailed test
  • tying
  • tying contract
  • Type I error
  • Type II error
  • U
  • U-form
  • U hypothesis
  • UK economic forecasting
  • UK gilts market
  • UK stock exchanges
  • UK taxation
  • umbrella fund
  • Umbrella Group
  • unbiased estimator
  • unbundling
  • uncertainty
  • unconditional grant
  • uncovered interest parity
  • UNCTAD Liner Code
  • undepletable externality
  • underemployment
  • underground banking
  • underground economy
  • underlier
  • underlying inflation rate
  • undertrading
  • underwater stock option
  • underweight on a share
  • underwriter
  • unemployment
  • unemployment causes
  • unemployment compensation
  • unemployment rate in an open economy
  • unemployment spell
  • unemployment statistics
  • unemployment trap
  • unequal exchange
  • unfair labour practice
  • unfunded pension scheme
  • uniform business rate
  • Uniform Commercial Code
  • uniformity assumption
  • uniform price
  • unimodal distribution
  • unintended investment
  • union
  • union density
  • Union Douaniére et Economique de l’Afrique Centrale
  • unionization
  • Union of National Economic Associations in Japan
  • union shop
  • union threat model
  • union wage effect
  • union wage policy
  • unipolar concentration
  • unique equilibrium
  • unitary elastic
  • unit banking
  • unit cost
  • United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
  • United Nations Development Programme
  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
  • United Nations Industrial Development Organization
  • unitization
  • unit of account
  • unit pricing
  • unit tax
  • unit trust
  • unit value index
  • universal banking
  • Unlisted Securities Market
  • unpaid work
  • unproductive labour
  • unreported sector
  • upcoding
  • upcycle
  • upper quartile
  • upselling
  • upstream industry/firm
  • urban economics
  • Uruguay Round
  • user charge
  • user cost
  • use value
  • US federal finance
  • U-shaped cost curve
  • U-shaped frequency curve
  • US labor union
  • US tax reform
  • US Trade Representative
  • US Treasury bond market
  • US Treasury market
  • usury
  • util
  • utilitarianism
  • utility
  • utility function
  • utility possibility frontier
  • utopia
  • V
  • valorization
  • value
  • value added
  • value-added network service
  • value-added tax
  • value at risk
  • value discrepancy hypothesis
  • value driver
  • value in exchange
  • value in use
  • value share
  • value subtractor
  • Vanek, Jaroslav, 1930-
  • variable capital
  • variable cost
  • variable-sum game
  • variance
  • vault cash
  • Veblen good
  • Veblen, Thorstein Bunde, 1857-1929
  • vector autoregression
  • vector autoregressive model
  • vega risk
  • vegetative control
  • vehicle bias
  • velocity of circulation
  • velocity of money
  • vendor finance
  • vent for surplus
  • venture capital
  • Verdoorn’s law
  • vertical discrimination
  • vertical equity
  • vertical expansion
  • vertical formation
  • vertical integration
  • vertical merger
  • vertical restraint
  • vertical structure
  • Vickers Independent Commission on Banking
  • Vickrey auction
  • Vickrey, William Spencer, 1914-96
  • villa economy
  • Viner, Jacob, 1892-1970
  • vintage effect
  • visible hand
  • vital revolution
  • voice
  • volatility
  • ‘volatility industry’
  • volume ratio
  • voluntary export restraint
  • voluntary unemployment
  • von Neumann, John, 1903-57
  • von Neumann-Morgenstern stable set
  • voting procedures
  • voucher privatization
  • voucher system
  • Vredeling directive
  • vulgar economists
  • vulture fund
  • W
  • wage
  • wage contour
  • wage curve
  • wage differentials
  • wage diffusion
  • wage drift
  • wage flexibility
  • wage gap
  • wage insurance
  • wage mobility
  • wage-price spiral
  • wage-push inflation
  • wage-rental ratio
  • wage rigidity
  • wage round
  • wages
  • Wages Act 1986
  • wages council
  • wages fund theory
  • wage subsidy
  • wage-tax spiral
  • wage-tenure profile
  • wage theory
  • wage unit
  • Wagner Act 1935
  • Wagner’s law
  • waiting period
  • wallpaper
  • Walras exchange economy
  • Walrasian stability
  • Walras, Marie Esprit Léon, 1834-1910
  • Walras’s law
  • Walsh-Healy Act 1936
  • war babies/brides
  • war dividend
  • warehouse economy
  • warehouse receipt
  • warrant
  • warranted rate of growth
  • warranty
  • Warsaw Convention
  • Washington Consensus
  • waste
  • water and diamonds paradox
  • wave train
  • weak efficiency
  • wealth
  • wealth creation
  • wealth distribution
  • wealth effect
  • Wealth of Nations
  • wealth tax
  • Weber’s thesis
  • weight
  • weightless economy
  • welfare economics
  • welfare state
  • welfare trap
  • well-being
  • Werner Report
  • Wharton model
  • whistleblower
  • white-collar worker
  • white good
  • white knight
  • white market
  • white noise
  • white revolution
  • white squire
  • whole life insurance
  • wholesale bank
  • wholesale money market
  • wholesale price index
  • Wicksell effect
  • Wicksell, Knut, 1861-1926
  • wide monetary base
  • wider share ownership
  • widget
  • widow’s cruse
  • Williamson, Oliver Eaton, 1932-
  • windfall gain or loss
  • windfall profit
  • window dressing
  • winner’s curse
  • withdrawal
  • withholding tax
  • women economists
  • Wootton, Barbara, 1897-1988
  • workable competition
  • work classification
  • worker compensation insurance
  • workers’ participation
  • workfare
  • working capital
  • working capital ratio
  • working hours
  • working population
  • working-time regime
  • work sharing
  • World Bank
  • world debt problem
  • World Economic Forum
  • world inflation
  • World Intellectual Property Organization
  • world monetary reserve assets
  • world monetary system
  • world stock market indices
  • world systems perspective
  • world trade
  • World Trade Organization
  • worst case consequence analysis
  • writer
  • X
  • X-efficiency
  • Xenophon, 430-354 bc
  • Xetra
  • X-form
  • Y
  • Yankee bid
  • Yankee bond
  • yearling
  • yellow dog contract
  • yellow strip price
  • yield
  • yield curve
  • yield gap
  • Young, Allyn Abbott, 1876-1929
  • yuppie, yuppy
  • Z
  • zaibatsu
  • zai teku
  • zakat
  • zero base budgeting
  • zero bound
  • zero coupon bond
  • zero growth
  • zero-infinity dilemma
  • zero population growth
  • zero priced
  • zero profit
  • zero-rated good
  • zero real interest
  • zero-sum game
  • Zeuthen, Frederik Ludvig Baug, 1888-1959
  • Zipf’s law
  • zombie
  • zombie bank
  • zonal pricing
  • zone of freedom
  • zoning
  • Z-score
  • Appendix A
  • Appendix B
  • Subject classifications