Encyclopedia of Health Economics

Editor: Culyer, A.
Publication Year: 2014
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology

Single-User Purchase Price: $1554.00
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: $2331.00
ISBN: 978-0-12-375678-7
Category: Business, Finance & Economics - Economics
Image Count: 270
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

The most readable, comprehensive work covering all aspects of Health Economics, from illness causation to healthcare and econometrics.

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Table of Contents

  • Editorial Board
  • Guide to Using the Encyclopedia
  • Subject Classification
  • Preface
  • Permission Acknowledgments
  • A
  • Abortion
  • Access and Health Insurance
  • Addiction
  • Adoption of New Technologies, Using Economic Evaluation
  • Advertising as a Determinant of Health in the USA
  • Advertising Health Care: Causes and Consequences
  • Aging: Health at Advanced Ages
  • Alcohol
  • Ambulance and Patient Transport Services
  • Analysing Heterogeneity to Support Decision Making
  • B
  • Biopharmaceutical and Medical Equipment Industries, Economics of
  • Biosimilars
  • Budget-Impact Analysis
  • C
  • Collective Purchasing of Health Care
  • Comparative Performance Evaluation: Quality
  • Competition on the Hospital Sector
  • Cost Function Estimates
  • Cost Shifting
  • Cost-Effectiveness Modeling Using Health State Utility Values
  • Cost-Value Analysis
  • Cross-National Evidence on Use of Radiology
  • D
  • Decision Analysis: Eliciting Experts' Beliefs to Characterize Uncertainties
  • Demand Cross Elasticities and ‘Offset Effects’
  • Demand for and Welfare Implications of Health Insurance, Theory of
  • Demand for Insurance That Nudges Demand
  • Dentistry, Economics of
  • Development Assistance in Health, Economics of
  • Diagnostic Imaging, Economic Issues in
  • Disability-Adjusted Life Years
  • Dominance and the Measurement of Inequality
  • Dynamic Models: Econometric Considerations of Time
  • E
  • Economic Evaluation of Public Health Interventions: Methodological Challenges
  • Economic Evaluation, Uncertainty in
  • Education and Health
  • Education and Health in Developing Economies
  • Education and Health: Disentangling Causal Relationships from Associations
  • Efficiency and Equity in Health: Philosophical Considerations
  • Efficiency in Health Care, Concepts of
  • Emerging Infections, the International Health Regulations, and Macro-Economy
  • Empirical Market Models
  • Equality of Opportunity in Health
  • Ethics and Social Value Judgments in Public Health
  • Evaluating Efficiency of a Health Care System in the Developed World
  • F
  • Fertility and Population in Developing Countries
  • Fetal Origins of Lifetime Health
  • G
  • Global Health Initiatives and Financing for Health
  • Global Public Goods and Health
  • H
  • Health and Health Care, Macroeconomics of
  • Health and Health Care, Need for
  • Health and Its Value: Overview
  • Health Care Demand, Empirical Determinants of
  • Health Econometrics: Overview
  • Health Insurance and Health
  • Health Insurance in Developed Countries, History of
  • Health Insurance in Historical Perspective, I: Foundations of Historical Analysis
  • Health Insurance in Historical Perspective, II: The Rise of Market-Oriented Health Policy and Healthcare
  • Health Insurance in the United States, History of
  • Health Insurance Systems in Developed Countries, Comparisons of
  • Health Labor Markets in Developing Countries
  • Health Microinsurance Programs in Developing Countries
  • Health Services in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Financing, Payment, and Provision
  • Health Status in the Developing World, Determinants of
  • Healthcare Safety Net in the US
  • Health-Insurer Market Power: Theory and Evidence
  • Heterogeneity of Hospitals
  • HIV/AIDS, Macroeconomic Effect of
  • HIV/AIDS: Transmission, Treatment, and Prevention, Economics of
  • Home Health Services, Economics of
  • I
  • Illegal Drug Use, Health Effects of
  • Impact of Income Inequality on Health
  • Income Gap across Physician Specialties in the USA
  • Incorporating Health Inequality Impacts into Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
  • Incorporation of Concerns for Fairness in Economic Evaluation of Health Programs: Overview
  • Infectious Disease Externalities
  • Infectious Disease Modeling
  • Inference for Health Econometrics: Inference, Model Tests, Diagnostics, Multiple Tests, and Bootstrap
  • Information Analysis, Value of
  • Instrumental Variables: Informing Policy
  • Instrumental Variables: Methods
  • Interactions Between Public and Private Providers
  • Intergenerational Effects on Health - In Utero and Early Life
  • Internal Geographical Imbalances: The Role of Human Resources Quality and Quantity
  • International E-Health and National Health Care Systems
  • International Movement of Capital in Health Services
  • International Trade in Health Services and Health Impacts
  • International Trade in Health Workers
  • L
  • Latent Factor and Latent Class Models to Accommodate Heterogeneity, Using Structural Equation
  • Learning by Doing
  • Long-Term Care
  • Long-Term Care Insurance
  • M
  • Macroeconomic Causes and Effects of Noncommunicable Disease: The Case of Diet and Obesity
  • Macroeconomic Dynamics of Health: Lags and Variability in Mortality, Employment, and Spending
  • Macroeconomic Effect of Infectious Disease Outbreaks
  • Macroeconomy and Health
  • Managed Care
  • Mandatory Systems, Issues of
  • Market for Professional Nurses in the US
  • Markets in Health Care
  • Markets with Physician Dispensing
  • Measurement Properties of Valuation Techniques
  • Measuring Equality and Equity in Health and Health Care
  • Measuring Health Inequalities Using the Concentration Index Approach
  • Measuring Vertical Inequity in the Delivery of Healthcare
  • Medical Decision Making and Demand
  • Medical Malpractice, Defensive Medicine, and Physician Supply
  • Medical Tourism
  • Medicare
  • Mental Health, Determinants of
  • Mergers and Alliances in the Biopharmaceuticals Industry
  • Missing Data: Weighting and Imputation
  • Modeling Cost and Expenditure for Healthcare
  • Models for Count Data
  • Models for Discrete/Ordered Outcomes and Choice Models
  • Models for Durations: A Guide to Empirical Applications in Health Economics
  • Monopsony in Health Labor Markets
  • Moral Hazard
  • Multiattribute Utility Instruments and Their Use
  • Multiattribute Utility Instruments: Condition-Specific Versions
  • N
  • Noncommunicable Disease: The Case of Mental Health, Macroeconomic Effect of
  • Nonparametric Matching and Propensity Scores
  • Nurses' Unions
  • Nutrition, Economics of
  • Nutrition, Health, and Economic Performance
  • O
  • Observational Studies in Economic Evaluation
  • Occupational Licensing in Health Care
  • Organizational Economics and Physician Practices
  • P
  • Panel Data and Difference-in-Differences Estimation
  • Patents and Other Incentives for Pharmaceutical Innovation
  • Patents and Regulatory Exclusivity in the USA
  • Pay for Prevention
  • Pay-for-Performance Incentives in Low- and Middle-Income Country Health Programs
  • Peer Effects in Health Behaviors
  • Peer Effects, Social Networks, and Healthcare Demand
  • Performance of Private Health Insurers in the Commercial Market
  • Personalized Medicine: Pricing and Reimbursement Policies as a Potential Barrier to Development and Adoption, Economics of
  • P
  • Pharmaceutical Company Strategies and Distribution Systems in Emerging Markets
  • Pharmaceutical Marketing and Promotion
  • Pharmaceutical Parallel Trade: Legal, Policy, and Economic Issues
  • Pharmaceutical Pricing and Reimbursement Regulation in Europe
  • Pharmaceuticals and National Health Systems
  • Pharmacies
  • Physician Labor Supply
  • Physician Management of Demand at the Point of Care
  • Physician Market
  • Physician-Induced Demand
  • Physicians’ Simultaneous Practice in the Public and Private Sectors
  • Policy Responses to Uncertainty in Healthcare Resource Allocation Decision Processes
  • Pollution and Health
  • Preferred Provider Market
  • Preschool Education Programs
  • Prescription Drug Cost Sharing, Effects of
  • Price Elasticity of Demand for Medical Care: The Evidence since the RAND Health Insurance Experiment
  • Pricing and Reimbursement of Biopharmaceuticals and Medical Devices in the USA
  • Pricing and User Fees
  • Primary Care, Gatekeeping, and Incentives
  • Primer on the Use of Bayesian Methods in Health Economics
  • Priority Setting in Public Health
  • Private Insurance System Concerns
  • Problem Structuring for Health Economic Model Development
  • Production Functions for Medical Services
  • Public Choice Analysis of Public Health Priority Setting
  • Public Health in Resource Poor Settings
  • Public Health Profession
  • Public Health: Overview
  • Q
  • Quality Assessment in Modeling in Decision Analytic Models for Economic Evaluation
  • Quality Reporting and Demand
  • Quality-Adjusted Life-Years
  • R
  • Rationing of Demand
  • Regulation of Safety, Efficacy, and Quality
  • Research and Development Costs and Productivity in Biopharmaceuticals
  • Resource Allocation Funding Formulae, Efficiency of
  • Risk Adjustment as Mechanism Design
  • Risk Classification and Health Insurance
  • Risk Equalization and Risk Adjustment, the European Perspective
  • Risk Selection and Risk Adjustment
  • S
  • Sample Selection Bias in Health Econometric Models
  • Searching and Reviewing Nonclinical Evidence for Economic Evaluation
  • Sex Work and Risky Sex in Developing Countries
  • Smoking, Economics of
  • Social Health Insurance - Theory and Evidence
  • Spatial Econometrics: Theory and Applications in Health Economics
  • Specialists
  • Specification and Implementation of Decision Analytic Model Structures for Economic Evaluation of Health Care Technologies
  • State Insurance Mandates in the USA
  • Statistical Issues in Economic Evaluations
  • Supplementary Private Health Insurance in National Health Insurance Systems
  • Supplementary Private Insurance in National Systems and the USA
  • Survey Sampling and Weighting
  • Switching Costs in Competitive Health Insurance Markets
  • Synthesizing Clinical Evidence for Economic Evaluation
  • T
  • Theory of System Level Efficiency in Health Care
  • Time Preference and Discounting
  • U
  • Understanding Medical Tourism
  • Unfair Health Inequality
  • Utilities for Health States: Whom to Ask
  • V
  • Vaccine Economics
  • Value of Drugs in Practice
  • Value of Information Methods to Prioritize Research
  • Value-Based Insurance Design
  • Valuing Health States, Techniques for
  • Valuing Informal Care for Economic Evaluation
  • W
  • Waiting Times
  • Water Supply and Sanitation
  • Welfarism and Extra-Welfarism
  • What Is the Impact of Health on Economic Growth - and of Growth on Health?
  • Willingness to Pay for Health