Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology

Editor/Author Khosrow-Pour, Mehdi
Publication Year: 2014
Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 978-1-4666-5888-2
Category: Technology & Engineering - Technology
Image Count: 1814
Book Status: Pending
Predicted Release Month:
Table of Contents

The Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Third Edition includes authoritative, research-based articles contributed by thousands of researchers and experts from all over the world.

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Table of Contents

    • Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    • Preface
    • Guide to the Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Third Edition
    • Acknowledgment
    • About the Editor
    • Section 1: Accounting and Finance
    • Chapter 1: High Frequency Trading
    • Chapter 2: Innovation of Management Accounting Practices and Techniques
    • Chapter 3: Meta-Digital Accounting in the Context of Cloud Computing
    • Chapter 4: Operating Room Management Accounting and Cost Calculation Model for Operating Rooms
    • Chapter 5: Sustainability Reporting Framework for Voluntary Reporting or Disclosure in Turkey
    • Chapter 6: Technology-Based Mergers and Acquisitions
    • Section 2: Artificial Intelligence
    • Chapter 7: Applications of Swarm Intelligence in Remanufacturing
    • Chapter 8: Architecture as a Problem Solving Tool
    • Chapter 9: Artificial Intelligence and Investing
    • Chapter 10: Assessing Collaborative Problem Solving through Computer Agent Technologies
    • Chapter 11: Audio-Visual Speech Emotion Recognition
    • Chapter 12: Classification Reasoning as a Basic Part of Machine Learning
    • Chapter 13: Cognitive Approaches for Intelligent Networks
    • Chapter 14: Cuckoo Search for Optimization and Computational Intelligence
    • Chapter 15: Emotion-Based Music Retrieval
    • Chapter 16: Hybrid Computational Intelligence
    • Chapter 17: Hybrid Genetic Metaheuristic for Two-Dimensional Constrained Guillotinable Cutting Problems
    • Chapter 18: Hybrid Swarm Intelligence
    • Chapter 19: Infinite Petri Nets as Models of Grids
    • Chapter 20: Machine Learning
    • Chapter 21: Machine Learning for Image Classification
    • Chapter 22: Prediction of Major Earthquakes as Rare Events Using RF-Typed Polynomial Neural Networks
    • Chapter 23: Present State of Swarm Intelligence and Future Directions
    • Chapter 24: Probabilistic Methods in Automatic Speech Recognition
    • Chapter 25: Recent Advancements in Gabor Wavelet-Based Face Recognition
    • Chapter 26: Stochastic Neural Network Classifiers
    • Chapter 27: The Bees Algorithm as a Biologically Inspired Optimisation Method
    • Chapter 28: The Still Image Lossy Compression Standard - JPEG
    • Chapter 29: Variable Importance Evaluation for Machine Learning Tasks
    • Section 3: Assistive Technologies
    • Chapter 30: Assistive Navigation Systems for the Visually Impaired
    • Chapter 31: Context-Aware Computing for Persons with Disabilities
    • Chapter 32: Mobile Technologies for Elderly People
    • Chapter 33: Visual Disabilities, Information Technology, and the Learning of Mathematics
    • Section 4: Big Data
    • Chapter 34: Big Data Analytics for Business
    • Chapter 35: Big Data Issues and Challenges
    • Chapter 36: Leadership for Big Data and Business Intelligence
    • Chapter 37: NoSQL Databases
    • Section 5: Bioinformatics
    • Chapter 38: Bioinformatics
    • Chapter 39: Demographic Characterization of Heart Rate Variability (HRV)
    • Chapter 40: Glycoinformatics and Glycosciences
    • Chapter 41: Methodologies for Modeling Gene Regulatory Networks
    • Section 6: Biology
    • Chapter 42: Clustering Techniques for Revealing Gene Expression Patterns
    • Chapter 43: Computational Biology
    • Chapter 44: Structural Equation Modeling for Systems Biology
    • Section 7: Biomedical Engineering
    • Chapter 45: An Overview of Intra-Body Communication Transceivers for Biomedical Applications
    • Chapter 46: Structural and Computational Approaches in Drug Design for G Protein-Coupled Receptors
    • Section 8: Biometrics
    • Chapter 47: A Comprehensive Survey on Face Image Analysis
    • Chapter 48: Advances in Emotional Picture Classification
    • Chapter 49: Biometric Template Security and Biometric Encryption Using Fuzzy Frameworks
    • Chapter 50: Brain Prints for Biometrics
    • Chapter 51: Facial Expression Recognition
    • Section 9: Business and Organizational Research
    • Chapter 52: Business Model Value Creation, Value Capture, and Information Technologies
    • Chapter 53: Competitive Intelligence from Social Media, Web 2.0, and the Internet
    • Chapter 54: Conflicts and Resolutions in Computer Supported Collaborative Work Applications
    • Chapter 55: Coopetition for Organizations
    • Chapter 56: Exploration and Exploitation Capabilities
    • Chapter 57: Knowledge Fusion Patterns for Context Aware Decision Support
    • Chapter 58: Learning-by-Exporting
    • Chapter 59: Mixed Methods in Knowledge Management and Organisational Research
    • Chapter 60: PPP as a Tool for Stimulating Investments in ICT Infrastructures
    • Chapter 61: Promotion of Administrative Modernization through Processes Dematerialization
    • Chapter 62: Qualitative Research on Practice in Small Software Companies
    • Chapter 63: Research Conducted by Professional Information Systems Practitioners in Organisations in South Africa
    • Chapter 64: The Rhetoric of Corporate Governance Legality
    • Section 10: Business Education
    • Chapter 65: Aligning Technology with Workforce and Organizational Development
    • Chapter 66: An Exploration of Designing E-Remanufacturing Course
    • Chapter 67: Enhancing Business Education with Technology Using Social Media to Aid Learning
    • Section 11: Business Information Systems
    • Chapter 68: A Fabric Resource Management System (FRMS) for Fashion Product Development
    • Chapter 69: A Proactive Approach for Managing the Organizational Impacts of IT
    • Chapter 70: A Study of Mobile Payment (M-Payment) Services Adoption in Thailand
    • Chapter 71: An Historical Account of Executive Information Systems Research in South Africa
    • Chapter 72: Building Inclusive IS&T Work Climates for Women and Men
    • Chapter 73: Deploying a Software Process Lifecycle Standard in Very Small Companies
    • Chapter 74: Efficient Ordering Policy for Imperfect Quality Items Using Association Rule Mining
    • Chapter 75: ICT as a Tool in Industrial Networks for Assessing HSEQ Capabilities in a Collaborative Way
    • Chapter 76: Implementing Enterprise Resource Planning
    • Chapter 77: Inductive Reasoning, Information Symmetry, and Power Asymmetry in Organizations
    • Chapter 78: Information Science and Technology in Franchising
    • Chapter 79: Interdependence, Uncertainty, and Incompleteness in Teams and Organizations
    • Chapter 80: IT Outsourcing in the Face of Global and Technology Challenges
    • Chapter 81: Modeling Academic ERP Issues and Innovations with AST
    • Chapter 82: Modern Information Technology for Suitable Development in Small Business with Links to Agile Methodology and Swarm Intelligence
    • Chapter 83: Omni-Channel Retail Information Systems
    • Chapter 84: Only One Evolving Strategy
    • Chapter 85: Ontology-Based Sentiment Analysis Model of Customer Reviews for Electronic Products
    • Chapter 86: Organization Innovation and Its Implications for the Implementation of Information Systems
    • Chapter 87: Simulation to Improve Management of Perishable and Substitutable Inventory
    • Chapter 88: Sociotechnical Change Perspective for Enterprise Resource Planning System Implementation
    • Chapter 89: The Role of Management Accounting and Control Systems as Information Networks and as Networks of Relationships on the Development of Organizational Knowledge
    • Chapter 90: Understanding Interactive Technology in Organizational Settings
    • Chapter 91: Using Fuzzy Logic for Optimizing Business Intelligence Success in Multiple Investment Combinations
    • Section 12: Civil Engineering
    • Chapter 92: Forecasting Techniques for Energy Optimization in Buildings
    • Chapter 93: Methodologies of Damage Identification Using Non-Linear Data-Driven Modelling
    • Chapter 94: Validation of Damage Identification Using Non-Linear Data-Driven Modelling
    • Section 13: Clinical Science and Technologies
    • Chapter 95: Ecological Validity in Virtual Reality-Based Neuropsychological Assessment
    • Chapter 96: Electronic Cognitive Exercises
    • Section 14: Cloud Computing
    • Chapter 97: A Framework Model for a Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) Strategy
    • Chapter 98: Cloud Computing
    • Chapter 99: Cloud Computing as a Model
    • Chapter 100: Cloud Computing Environments
    • Chapter 101: Cloud Computing to Improve Agri-Supply Chains in Developing Countries
    • Chapter 102: Is It Now the Right Time to Migrate Enterprise Systems to the Cloud?
    • Chapter 103: Rough Set Based Green Cloud Computing in Emerging Markets
    • Chapter 104: Should the Cloud Computing Definition Include a Big Data Perspective?
    • Chapter 105: Virtualization as the Catalyst for Cloud Computing
    • Section 15: Cognitive Informatics
    • Chapter 106: Application of Cognitive Map in Knowledge Management
    • Articles related to application of CMs in intelligent information systems (Appendix to Chapter 106)
    • Chapter 107: Binding Neuron
    • Chapter 108: Programmable Logic Controllers
    • Chapter 109: Schema Satisfaction Reasoning and Its Applications
    • Chapter 110: Usability Evaluation of the Tablet Computer ‘Aakash-2’
    • List of identified usability problems related with ‘Aakash 2’ (Appendix to Chapter 110)
    • Section 16: Computer Engineering
    • Chapter 111: A Framework for Assessing the Quality of Online Computer Programming Courses
    • Chapter 112: Hypervisor-Based Server Virtualization
    • Chapter 113: Measuring Shared Mental Models in Unmanned Aircraft Systems
    • Chapter 114: Object-Driven Action Rules
    • Chapter 115: Spreadsheet Modeling of Data Center Hotspots
    • Section 17: Computer Simulation
    • Chapter 116: An Overview of Multi-Agent Simulation in Organizations
    • Chapter 117: Applying Graphics Processing Unit Technologies to Agent-Based Simulation
    • Chapter 118: Behavioral Modeling
    • Chapter 119: Computer Assisted Problem Solving Environment (PSE)
    • Chapter 120: System Dynamics
    • Chapter 121: Using Semantics in the Environment for Multiagent-Based Simulation
    • Section 18: Computer Vision and Image Processing
    • Chapter 122: Image Inpainting as an Evolving Topic in Image Engineering
    • Chapter 123: Up-to-Date Summary of Semantic-Based Visual Information Retrieval
    • Chapter 124: Variants of Genetic Algorithm for Efficient Design of Multiplier-Less Finite Impulse Response Digital Filter
    • Section 19: Criminal Science and Forensics
    • Chapter 125: Digital Video Tampering Detection Techniques
    • Chapter 126: Improving Knowledge Availability of Forensic Intelligence through Forensic Pattern Warehouse (FPW)
    • Section 20: Crisis Response and Management
    • Chapter 127: Advanced Emergency Response Management in Smart Environments
    • Chapter 128: Crisis Informatics
    • Section 21: Curriculum Development and Instructional Design
    • Chapter 129: Blended Learning
    • Chapter 130: Challenges in the Design and Development of a “Third Generation” E-Learning/Educational Platform
    • Chapter 131: Students' Experiences of Emotional Connection with Pedagogical Agents
    • Section 22: Customer Relationship Management
    • Chapter 132: A Conceptual Framework for Determining Brand Attitude and Brand Equity through Text Analytics of Social Media Behavior
    • Chapter 133: Customer Relationship Management and Social Media Use
    • Chapter 134: Social User Experience for Effective Mobile Advertising
    • Section 23: Cyber and Network Security
    • Chapter 135: A Review Note of Piracy and Intellectual Property Theft in the Internet Era
    • Chapter 136: Identification Protocols
    • Chapter 137: Internet Censorship in China
    • Chapter 138: Managing Compliance with an Information Security Management Standard
    • Chapter 139: Offline Verification for Handwritten Signatures Using Chain Code
    • Chapter 140: Secure Routing Protocols for Wireless Adhoc Networks
    • Chapter 141: Security Challenges in Cloud Computing
    • Chapter 142: Security of Cloud Computing
    • Chapter 143: Software Piracy
    • Chapter 144: Using Total Quality Management to Mitigate Supply Chain Risk
    • Section 24: Cyber Crime and Digital Terrorism
    • Chapter 145: Cyber Insider Threat in Virtual Organizations
    • Chapter 146: Financial Fraud, Technology Disruption, and Cyber-Governance
    • Chapter 147: Understanding the Methods behind Cyber Terrorism
    • Section 25: Data Analysis and Statistics
    • Chapter 148: A Bayesian Network Model for Probability Estimation
    • Chapter 149: Algorithms for Approximate Bayesian Computation
    • Chapter 150: Assessing Computational Thinking
    • Chapter 151: Efficient Techniques to Design Low-Complexity Digital Finite Impulse Response (FIR) Filters
    • Chapter 152: Financial News Analytics
    • Chapter 153: Multidimensional Data Visualization
    • Chapter 154: SEQUAL as a Framework for Understanding and Assessing Quality of Models and Modeling Languages
    • Section 26: Data Mining and Databases
    • Chapter 155: A Comparative Review of Data Modeling in UML and ORM
    • Chapter 156: An Overview for Non-Negative Matrix Factorization
    • Chapter 157: Analysis of Large-Scale OMIC Data Using Self Organizing Maps
    • Chapter 158: Application of Data Mining Techniques for Breast Cancer Prognosis
    • Chapter 159: Bicluster Analysis for Coherent Pattern Discovery
    • Chapter 160: Cluster Analysis Using Rough Clustering and K-Means Clustering
    • Chapter 161: Color Coding for Data Visualization
    • Chapter 162: Consensus Clustering
    • Chapter 163: Creating Moving Objects Representations for Spatiotemporal Databases
    • Chapter 164: Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery in Databases
    • Chapter 165: Data Mining of Chemogenomics Data Using Activity Landscape and Partial Least Squares
    • Chapter 166: Data Science and Distributed Intelligence
    • Chapter 167: Database Processing Benchmarks
    • Chapter 168: Database Replication and Clustering for High Availability
    • Chapter 169: Discovery of Sequential Patterns Based on Sequential Interestingness and Constraint Conditions
    • Chapter 170: Efficient Algorithms for Clustering Data and Text Streams
    • Chapter 171: Expert Knowledge in Data Mining
    • Chapter 172: Handling Imprecise Data in Geographic Databases
    • Chapter 173: Indexing and Compressing Text
    • Chapter 174: Knowledge Discovery in Databases and Data Mining
    • Chapter 175: Latent Dirichlet Allocation Approach for Analyzing Text Documents
    • Chapter 176: Measuring the Effects of Data Mining on Inference
    • Chapter 177: Metadata Crosswalks as a Way Towards Interoperability
    • Chapter 178: Metadata Diversity in the Cultural Heritage Repositories
    • Chapter 179: Perspective for Database Preservation
    • Chapter 180: Skyline Queries on Vertically Partitioned Tables
    • Chapter 181: State of the Art and Future Trends of Datacenter Networks
    • Chapter 182: Study of Skyline Query Evaluation on Corona
    • Chapter 183: Synopsis Data Structures for XML Databases
    • Chapter 184: Temporal Databases
    • Chapter 185: Text Mining
    • Chapter 186: The Evolution of UML
    • Chapter 187: The State of the Art in Web Mining
    • Section 27: Data Warehousing
    • Chapter 188: An Objective Function for Evaluation of Fragmentation Schema in Data Warehouse
    • Chapter 189: Record Linkage in Data Warehousing
    • Chapter 190: Searching Semantic Data Warehouses
    • Section 28: Decision Support Systems
    • Chapter 191: A Methodology of the Decision Support Systems Applied to Other Projects of Investigation
    • Chapter 192: Real-Time Smart Navigation and the Genetic Approach to Vehicle Routing
    • Chapter 193: Shelter Selection with AHP Making Use of the Ideal Alternative
    • Section 29: Digital Communications and Linguistics
    • Chapter 194: A Novel Computerized Paleographical Method for Determining the Evolution of Graphemes
    • Chapter 195: An Effective Analysis Method of Discussions in Bulletin Board Sites
    • Chapter 196: Crisis Communications and Sharing Message Control
    • Chapter 197: Digital Divide in Scholarly Communication
    • Chapter 198: Information Society Discourse
    • Chapter 199: Interface Technology Trends Implications for News and Information Services
    • Chapter 200: Interpersonal Coordination in Computer-Mediated Communication
    • Chapter 201: Locative Communication and the Increase of Relevance of the Place in Communication
    • Chapter 202: Mobile Communications Privacy
    • Chapter 203: The Digital World and the Elements in Digital Communication and FL Learning
    • Chapter 204: The Evolutional Genesis of Blogs and the Integration of Communication Networks
    • Chapter 205: Trust in Computer Mediated Communication
    • Chapter 206: Visualization as Communication with Graphic Representation
    • Section 30: Digital Literacy
    • Chapter 207: Digital Literacy
    • Chapter 208: Digital Literacy Education for Digital Inclusion
    • Chapter 209: Social Aspects of Digital Literacy
    • Section 31: Digital Media
    • Chapter 210: A Hierarchical Organization of Home Video
    • Chapter 211: Censorship of Digital Resources Worldwide
    • Chapter 212: Digital Video Coding Principles from H.261 to H.265/HEVC
    • Chapter 213: Video Event Understanding
    • Chapter 214: Visual Information Analysis for Interactive TV Applications
    • Section 32: Distance Education
    • Chapter 215: Components of a Distance Education Evaluation System
    • Chapter 216: Constructivism as the Driver of 21st Century Online Distance Education
    • Chapter 217: Instructional Support for Collaborative Activities in Distance Education
    • Chapter 218: Online Distance Education and Embedded Librarianship Integration
    • Chapter 219: The Evolution of Distance Learning
    • Section 33: E-Books and Digital Publishing
    • Chapter 220: Digital Textbook
    • Chapter 221: Ebooks, Ereaders, and Ebook Device Design
    • Chapter 222: E-Textbooks as a Classroom Tool
    • Chapter 223: Evaluating the Perceived Fit Between E-Books and Academic Tasks
    • Section 34: E-Business
    • Chapter 224: E-Business Value Creation, Platforms, and Trends
    • Section 35: E-Commerce
    • Chapter 225: Immersive Technologies for Interactive Store Design
    • Chapter 226: Investigating the Importance of Website Color Contrast in E- and M-Commerce
    • Chapter 227: Opportunities and Challenges for the Electronic Commerce Deployment in Developing Countries Discussed in a Case of Saudi Arabia
    • Chapter 228: Social Commerce Using Social Network and E-Commerce
    • Chapter 229: Trust Concerns of the Customers in E-Commerce Market Space by Indian Customers
    • Section 36: Educational Administration and Leadership
    • Chapter 230: Educational Policy Analysis Debates and New Learning Technologies in England
    • Chapter 231: Learning Analytics
    • Chapter 232: Living in Exponential Times and the Personalization of Our Data Streams
    • Chapter 233: The Digitally Excluded Learner and Strategies for Success
    • Section 37: Educational Technologies
    • Chapter 234: 3D Media Architecture Communication with SketchUp to Support Design for Learning
    • Chapter 235: Affect Awareness Support and Communication Technologies in Education
    • Chapter 236: An Interoperable ICT Educational Application for TOEIC Preparatory Study
    • Chapter 237: An Overview of Artificial Intelligence in Education
    • Chapter 238: Analyzing and Predicting Student Academic Achievement Using Data Mining Techniques
    • Chapter 239: Classic Programmed Instruction Design and Theory
    • Chapter 240: Current Status and Future Directions of Blended Learning Models
    • Chapter 241: Emergent Forms of Technology-Influenced Scholarship
    • Chapter 242: Exploring Perspectives on Social Media in Higher Education
    • Chapter 243: Hypermedia and its Role in Learning
    • Chapter 244: ICT Impact Assessment in Education
    • Chapter 245: Informing the Design of Future Literacy Technologies with Theories of Cognitive Science
    • Chapter 246: I-Schools and the Present Worldwide Trend and the Indian Scenario
    • Chapter 247: Learning Management Technology and Preservice Teachers
    • Chapter 248: Learning Processes during Online Discussions
    • Chapter 249: Literacy Learning and Assessment for the Digital Age
    • Chapter 250: Pedagogical Agents in 3D Learning Environments
    • Chapter 251: Quantum Information Science and a Possible Domain for Future Information School
    • Chapter 252: Serious Games and the Technology of Engaging Information
    • Chapter 253: Teaching in Visual Programming Environments
    • Chapter 254: Technology Integration in a Southern Inner-City School
    • Chapter 255: Telementoring in the P-16+ Environment
    • Chapter 256: The QRcode Format as a Tool for Inclusive, Personalised, and Interdisciplinary Learning Experiences
    • Chapter 257: The Use of Geo-Spatial Technology in Handheld Devices for Teaching Geography in a Formal School Context
    • Chapter 258: Towards Open-Source Virtual Worlds in Interdisciplinary Studies
    • Chapter 259: Use of Online Social Networking and Academic Performance of Students
    • Section 38: Electrical Engineering
    • Chapter 260: A Graphical Unit Interface to Generate Light Distribution Curves
    • Chapter 261: Byzantine Fault Tolerant Monitoring and Control for Electric Power Grid
    • Chapter 262: Outage Analysis and Maintenance Strategies in Hydroelectric Production
    • Section 39: Electronic Government
    • Chapter 263: An Overview of E-Government 3.0 Implementation
    • Chapter 264: Citizens' Engagement Using Communication Technologies
    • Chapter 265: E-Government Development at the Local Level in Australia Using a Framework for Connected E-Government
    • Chapter 266: Exploring the M-Government
    • Chapter 267: Federal Government Application of the Cloud Computing Application Integration Model
    • Chapter 268: IT Governance
    • Chapter 269: Measuring Democracy on Web Interface Design
    • Coding Sheet (APPENDIX A for Chapter 269)
    • Chapter 270: Provision of Governmental Services through Mobile Phones and Tablets and Threats to Users' Security and Privacy
    • Chapter 271: Re-Engaging the Public through E-Consultation in the Government 2.0 Landscape
    • Chapter 272: Technology as Enabler of Institutional Reform in Government
    • Chapter 273: The Need, Requirements, and Vision for E-Societal Management
    • Examples of virtuos socio-economic circuits (Appendix 1 for Chapter 273)
    • Examples of vicious socio-economic circuits (Appendix 2 for Chapter 273)
    • Section 40: Electronic Services
    • Chapter 274: A Unified Platform for the Dynamic Evolution of Context-Aware Highly Agile Services
    • Chapter 275: An Exploratory Study of Metrics Used to Measure the Impacts of Social Media Utilization on Business Performance
    • Chapter 276: Enhancing Service Integrity of Byzantine Fault Tolerant Applications
    • Chapter 277: QoS Architectures for the IP Network
    • Section 41: Engineering Science
    • Chapter 278: Compounds Based on dDped Bi2O3 as New Ecologically Friendly Yellow-Orange Shade Pigments
    • Chapter 279: Dealing with Completeness in Requirements Engineering
    • Section 42: Enterprise Resource Planning
    • Chapter 280: Reflexivity in the Resistance to Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) Innovation
    • Section 43: Entrepreneurship
    • Chapter 281: Crowdsourcing Business Model in the Context of Changing Consumer Society
    • Chapter 282: E-Entrepreneurship
    • Chapter 283: Technology, Social Innovation, and Social Entrepreneurship in the Quadruple Helix
    • Section 44: Environmental Science and Agriculture
    • Chapter 284: Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water Using Carbon Nanotubes
    • Chapter 285: Dendrochronology and Climate Change
    • Chapter 286: Ecosystem Wetlands Restoration Approach for Sustainable Development Planning
    • Chapter 287: Environmental Informatics for Sustainable Development
    • Chapter 288: Environmental Scanning
    • Chapter 289: Towards Low-Cost Energy Monitoring
    • Section 45: Ethics and Social Responsibility
    • Chapter 290: Cyber Behavior
    • Chapter 291: E-Human Rights
    • Chapter 292: Ethical Computing
    • Chapter 293: Ethics in Health Informatics and Information Technology
    • Chapter 294: Laws Related to Web and Digital Application Accessibility
    • Section 46: Gaming
    • Chapter 295: Can Video Games Benefit the Cognitive Abilities of the Elderly Population?
    • Chapter 296: Ecology of Games as a Framework for Analysing E-Government Project Implementation
    • Chapter 297: Gamification
    • Chapter 298: Gamification Design Elements in Business Education Simulations
    • Chapter 299: Increasing the Trustworthiness of Online Gaming Applications
    • Chapter 300: Video Game Genres
    • Section 47: Gender and IT
    • Chapter 301: Critical Study of Gender and Teacher-Designed Interactive Educational Websites
    • Chapter 302: Gender and Technology
    • Chapter 303: Gender, Body, and Computing Technologies in the Science-Fiction Film
    • Section 48: Geographic Information Systems
    • Chapter 304: Critical Information Literacy in the Geographic and Information Sciences
    • Chapter 305: Developments of the Digital World of Remote Sensing and GIS, Their Comparison to, and the Importance of the Human Side of Information Reference Services
    • Chapter 306: Geographic Information Systems (G.I.S.) for the Analysis of Historical Small Towns
    • Chapter 307: Geoinformatics in Eco-Climatic Studies
    • Chapter 308: GIS and Remote Sensing in Environmental Risk Assessment and Management
    • Chapter 309: Integration Strategies for GIS and Optimization Tools
    • Chapter 310: Predictive Expert Models for Mineral Potential Mapping
    • Chapter 311: Representation of Geographic Phenomena
    • Chapter 312: Urban Information Modeling Combining BIM and GIS
    • Section 49: Global Information Technology
    • Chapter 313: A Comparison of Appearance-Based Descriptors in a Visual SLAM Approach
    • Chapter 314: Internetization and the New Global Economy of the 21st Century
    • Chapter 315: The Challenges and Opportunities of the Software Industry in Egypt
    • Section 50: Government and Law
    • Chapter 316: Analysing E-Government Project Success and Failure Using the Design-Actuality Gap Model
    • Chapter 317: De Facto Ethics Principles and Applications
    • Chapter 318: Government as a Service in Communities
    • Chapter 319: Linkage of De-Identified Records in Accordance to the European Legislation
    • Chapter 320: RTI and OGD Synergy for Society, Economy, and Democracy
    • Chapter 321: The Single Patent for Portuguese or Spanish Language Countries
    • Section 51: Health Information Systems
    • Chapter 322: A Survey of Using Microsoft Kinect in Healthcare
    • Chapter 323: Advancements in Computer Aided Imaging Diagnostics
    • Chapter 324: Advances in Electrocardiogram Information Management
    • Chapter 325: An E-Journey through the Life Cycle of Spinal Cord Injury
    • Chapter 326: Chronic Condition Management Using Remote Monitoring and Telehomecare
    • Chapter 327: Factors Influencing Nursing Professionals' Computer-Based Information Systems (CBIS) Use Behavior
    • Chapter 328: Factors Predicting Long-Term Outcomes among Patients Treated with Spinal Cord Stimulation
    • Chapter 329: Health Information Technology and Business Process Reengineering
    • Chapter 330: Health Information Technology/BioDefense Needs to Fight Bio-Terrorism
    • Chapter 331: Healthcare Informatics
    • Chapter 332: Healthcare Information Systems Opportunities and Challenges
    • Chapter 333: Healthcare Technology Adoption at the Group Level
    • Chapter 334: Improvements over GGH Using Commutative and Non-Commutative Algebra
    • Chapter 335: Reducing Healthcare Disparities with Technology
    • Chapter 336: Successful Virtual Communities of Practice in Health Care
    • Chapter 337: Technological Advancements in the Objective Assessment of Nociception
    • Chapter 338: The Evolvement of Physicians' Communication Behavior Induced by the Introduction of EMRs into Primary Care
    • Chapter 339: The Use of Smart Card Technology in Health Care
    • Chapter 340: Ubiquitous Health Monitoring Systems
    • Section 52: Healthcare Administration
    • Chapter 341: Discrete Event Models of Medical Emergencies
    • Chapter 342: Organizational Factors Affecting IS Outsourcing Success in Taiwanese Hospitals
    • Chapter 343: Regional Health Information Organizations in the US
    • Section 53: High Performance Computing
    • Chapter 344: Clustering Methods for Detecting Communities in Networks
    • Chapter 345: Compact Multimode Antenna Arrays for High Spectral Efficiency MIMO-OFDM WLANs
    • Chapter 346: Elitist-Mutated Multi-Objective Particle Swarm Optimization for Engineering Design
    • Chapter 347: Frameworks for Distributed Interoperability
    • Chapter 348: High-Performance Reconfigurable Computing Granularity
    • Chapter 349: Particles and Geometric Shapes Analyzer APOGEO
    • Chapter 350: Recent Trends in Parallel Computing
    • Chapter 351: Techniques for Specialized Data Compression
    • Chapter 352: Trustworthy Computing
    • Section 54: Higher Education
    • Chapter 353: Developing Appreciative College Experience with Personal Learning Networks
    • Chapter 354: Teaching Methodology in Higher Education
    • Chapter 355: University Faculty and Student Use of Social Media in Higher Education
    • Section 55: Hospitality, Travel, and Tourism Management
    • Chapter 356: Destination Management Systems Implementation
    • Chapter 357: E-Tourism and the New Family Station Wagon
    • Chapter 358: Tourism and Social Media
    • Chapter 359: Tourism Knowledge Discovery in Social Multimedia
    • Chapter 360: Virtual Tours and Serious Game for Promoting Educational Tourism Using Non-Intrusive Human-Computer Interfaces
    • Section 56: Human Resources Development
    • Chapter 361: Enabling Modern Technology Jobs through Optimised Human Resource Management Practices
    • Chapter 362: Human Resources Development in a Technology-Infused Workplace
    • Chapter 363: Using Serious Games for Training and Development of Human Resources
    • Section 57: Human-Computer Interaction
    • Chapter 364: Affective Human-Computer Interaction
    • Chapter 365: Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) and Work/Life Balance
    • Chapter 366: Determinants of Users' Intention to Use Mobile Information Technologies
    • Chapter 367: Digital Future(s)
    • Chapter 368: Emotion in Interactive Technology-Mediated Decision Taking and Negotiation
    • Chapter 369: Estimating Emotions Using Geometric Features from Facial Expressions
    • Chapter 370: Interacting with Digital Information
    • Chapter 371: Internet Memes
    • Chapter 372: Perspectives on Global Internet Diffusion
    • Section 58: Industrial Engineering
    • Chapter 373: Material Flow Management in Industrial Engineering
    • Chapter 374: Offshore Remanufacturing
    • Section 59: Industrial Informatics
    • Chapter 375: Future Smart Products Systems Engineering
    • Chapter 376: Modeling Stock Market Industrial Sectors as Dynamic Systems and Forecasting
    • Section 60: Information Resources Management
    • Chapter 377: Accessing and Maintaining Electronic Resources
    • Chapter 378: Data, Knowledge, and Intelligence
    • Chapter 379: Digital Documents Recognition
    • Chapter 380: Network, Sustainability, and Security of Libraries on Smartphones
    • Chapter 381: Resource Sharing and Networking in Library and Information Centres in Africa
    • Section 61: Information Retrieval
    • Chapter 382: Dynamic Taxonomies for Intelligent Information Access
    • Chapter 383: Geographically-Aware Information Retrieval on the Web
    • Chapter 384: Green Libraries on Cloud Computing Platform
    • Chapter 385: Human and Social Aspects of Information Seeking in Cross-Language Information Retrieval
    • Chapter 386: Information Retrieval
    • Chapter 387: Information Retrieval by Linkage Discovery
    • Chapter 388: Storage and Retrieval of Multimedia Data about Unique Bulgarian Bells
    • Chapter 389: The Changing Nature of Information Behaviour
    • Chapter 390: The Role of Serendipity in Digital Environments
    • Section 62: IT Policy and Standardization
    • Chapter 391: ICT4D
    • Chapter 392: Information Quality and Value
    • Chapter 393: Patent Information
    • Chapter 394: Technology Assessment
    • Chapter 395: The Design of IT Services
    • Section 63: IT Research and Theory
    • Chapter 396: A Brief Review of the Kernel and the Various Distributions of Linux
    • Chapter 397: An Experimental Sensitivity Analysis of Gaussian and Non-Gaussian Based Methods for Dynamic Modeling in EEG Signal Processing
    • Chapter 398: Aspects of Information Tailoring in the 21st Century
    • Chapter 399: Assistive Technology
    • Chapter 400: Comb Filters Characteristics and Applications
    • Chapter 401: Creativity, Invention, and Innovation
    • Chapter 402: Creativity of End Users in Theory and in Practice
    • Chapter 403: Experimental Analysis with Variable Neighborhood Search for Discrete Optimization Problems
    • Chapter 404: Formal Specification Language for Agent Oriented Systems
    • Chapter 405: Information Need and the Beginning of Information Search
    • Chapter 406: IT Resources, IT-Enabled Capabilities, and Business Performance
    • Chapter 407: MapReduce Style Algorithms for Extracting Hot Spots of Topics from Timestamped Corpus
    • Chapter 408: Misuse of Information Technologies and Reliability of Information in New Media during Emergencies
    • Chapter 409: Modeling Using of Triple H-Avatar Technology in Online Multi-Cloud Platform Lab
    • Chapter 410: Science Mapping
    • Chapter 411: Sustainability Factors of Accessible Information Systems and Technologies (IS&T)
    • Chapter 412: The Representation of Architectural Heritage in the Digital Age
    • Section 64: IT Security and Ethics
    • Chapter 413: A Survey of Attack Mechanisms on Infrastructure-Mode 802.11 Wireless Networks and Their Detection
    • Chapter 414: A Survey of Security and Privacy Protection in Mobile Devices
    • Chapter 415: An Overview of Intrusion Tolerance Techniques
    • Chapter 416: Authentication
    • Chapter 417: Authentication Practices from Passwords to Biometrics
    • Chapter 418: Behavioral Based Technologies for Enhancement of Login/Password Systems
    • Chapter 419: Critical Infrastructure Protection and Security Benchmarks
    • Chapter 420: Current Quantum Information Science and Technology
    • Chapter 421: Dealing with Information Security and Privacy
    • Chapter 422: Dimensions of Technology Trustworthiness and Technology Trust Modes
    • Chapter 423: Fear Appeals, Threat Perceptions, and Protection Motivation in Information Systems Security
    • Chapter 424: Increasing the Trustworthiness of Collaborative Applications
    • Chapter 425: Information Portal Strategy for Transportation Security Management
    • Chapter 426: Information Security Management and Security Reporting
    • Chapter 427: Newborn Recognition Using Multimodal Biometric
    • Chapter 428: Organizational Characteristics and Their Influence on Information Security in Trinidad and Tobago
    • Chapter 429: Privacy Challenges for the Internet of Things
    • Chapter 430: Privacy Enhancing Technologies and Statistical Disclosure Control Methods
    • Chapter 431: Privacy Preservation in Information Systems
    • Chapter 432: Privacy-Aware Access Control
    • Chapter 433: Security Aspects in Radio Frequency Identification Networks
    • Chapter 434: Systems Engineering Processes for the Development and Deployment of Secure Cloud Applications
    • Chapter 435: Trusted and Trustworthy Information Technology
    • Section 65: Knowledge Management
    • Chapter 436: A Review of Absorptive Capacity
    • Chapter 437: Accessibility of Documents
    • Chapter 438: Acquiring Competitive Advantage through Business Intelligence
    • Chapter 439: Always-On Enterprise Information Systems for Always-On Business
    • Chapter 440: Business Processes and Knowledge Management
    • Chapter 441: Challenges for Education in the Information Society
    • Chapter 442: Citation Analysis and Theory
    • Chapter 443: Collective Knowledge Development from Humans to Knowledge Systems
    • Chapter 444: Discovery, Analysis, and Retrieval of Multimodal Environmental Information
    • Chapter 445: Examining the Effect of Knowledge Management on CRM Prosperity
    • Chapter 446: Expert (Knowledge-Based) Systems
    • Chapter 447: From Linguistic Determinism to Technological Determinism
    • Chapter 448: ICT and Knowledge Deficiency
    • Chapter 449: Information, Knowledge, and Learning Society
    • Chapter 450: Intelligent Knowledge Systems
    • Chapter 451: Knowledge Engineering Methodology with Examples
    • Chapter 452: Knowledge Sharing and Crowdsourcing as an Enterprise Opportunity
    • Chapter 453: Look into the Different Knowledge Sources in a Conference
    • Chapter 454: Management of Strategic Knowledge and Technology in Government Agencies for Public Value
    • Chapter 455: Modeling Individual Decisions from Information Search
    • Chapter 456: Open Source Software and the Digital Divide
    • Chapter 457: Performance of Peer-Assisted File Distribution
    • Chapter 458: Potentials and Limitations of Cyber Knowledge Brokers as Knowledge Providers
    • Chapter 459: Public Service Delivery in a Municipal Information Society
    • Chapter 460: Semantic Measures
    • Chapter 461: Should Innovation Knowledge be Assessed?
    • Chapter 462: Strategic Knowledge Management, Innovation, and Performance
    • Chapter 463: The Concept of Disinformation
    • Chapter 464: The Role of Figurative Language in Knowledge Management
    • Chapter 465: Transactive Memory Systems
    • Section 66: Language Learning
    • Chapter 466: Overview of Translation Techniques in Cross-Language Question Answering during the Last Decade
    • Chapter 467: Podcasting and Language Learning
    • Section 67: Learning Assessment and Measurement
    • Chapter 468: Addressing the Learning Needs of Future IS Security Professionals through Social Media Technology
    • Chapter 469: Conceptual Foundations for Interactive Programming Activities with the Conjunction of Scratch4OS and Open Sim
    • Chapter 470: Realizing the Potential of e-Books in Early Education
    • Chapter 471: The Impact of Academic Beliefs on Student Learning
    • Chapter 472: The Role of Technology in the Transformation of Twenty-First Century Literacy Skills
    • Section 68: Library Science and Administration
    • Chapter 473: Academic Libraries in the Digital Age
    • Chapter 474: Assessment in Academic Libraries
    • Chapter 475: Categorizing Blogs as Information Sources for Libraries and Information Science
    • Chapter 476: Changing Expectations of Academic Libraries
    • Chapter 477: Digital Reference Service
    • Chapter 478: Factors Affecting the Utilization of Products and Services in University Libraries
    • Chapter 479: Library Consortia in Nigeria and the Place of ICT
    • Chapter 480: Open Access
    • Chapter 481: Print vs. Digital Collections in Special Libraries
    • Chapter 482: Public Law Libraries
    • Chapter 483: Sears List of Subject Headings
    • Chapter 484: Status of University Libraries in India
    • Chapter 485: Studying Educational Digital Library Users and the Emerging Research Methodologies
    • Chapter 486: The Challenges of Digital Museum
    • Chapter 487: The So.Re.Com. “A.S. de Rosa” @-library for Documentation, Networking, and Training
    • Section 69: Management Science
    • Chapter 488: A Hierarchical and Distributed Approach to the Design of Intelligent Manufacturing Systems
    • Chapter 489: A Short Review of Multi Criteria Decision Making Approaches for Supplier Selection Problem
    • Chapter 490: A SWOT Analysis of Intelligent Products Enabled Complex Adaptive Logistics Systems
    • Chapter 491: Acquiring Competitive Advantage through Effective Knowledge Sharing
    • Chapter 492: Analysis of the Determinants of Initial Trust on a Virtual Leader
    • Chapter 493: Autopoietic Organization's Governance Supported by Information Technology
    • Chapter 494: Best Practices For Managing IS&T Professionals
    • Chapter 495: Business Analytics in Franchising
    • Chapter 496: Characteristics of Resources and the Impact on Projects
    • Chapter 497: Exploring Business Process Innovation towards Intelligent Supply Chains
    • Chapter 498: Gaining Competitive Advantage through the Balanced Scorecard
    • Chapter 499: Green Supply Chain Integration in Automotive Industry
    • Chapter 500: Green Supply Chain Management in Malaysia Service Industry
    • Chapter 501: Information and Communication Technology a Catalyst to Total Quality Management (TQM)
    • Chapter 502: Integrating Entity and Role Viewpoints in Business Processes
    • Chapter 503: Inter-Organizational Information Systems in the Supply Chain
    • Chapter 504: Lessons Learnt when Holistically Approaching Project Management
    • Project-within-Context (PWC)” survey (Appendix for Chapter 504)
    • Chapter 505: Management and Cost Estimation of Security Projects
    • Chapter 506: Managers and the Innovation Process
    • Chapter 507: Manufacturing and Logistics Information Systems
    • Chapter 508: Market Intelligence
    • Chapter 509: Measurement Issues in BI
    • Chapter 510: Motivating Managers to Kill Futile Projects
    • Chapter 511: NLP for Serious Games
    • Chapter 512: Ontology Views for Ontology Change Management
    • Chapter 513: Open Data Policy and Practice
    • Chapter 514: Outsourcing Computing Resources through Cloud Computing
    • Chapter 515: Quality Control Using Agent Based Framework
    • Chapter 516: Real World Awareness via the Knowledge Modeling and Description Language
    • Chapter 517: Recruitment Portfolio Games
    • Chapter 518: Reliability Analysis during the Design Phase of a Complex Asset
    • Chapter 519: Social Customer Relationship Management
    • Chapter 520: Software to Optimize Productivity and Efficiency
    • Chapter 521: Supply Chain Simulation
    • Chapter 522: Sustainable Project Management Using Reference Models of Organizational Behavior
    • Chapter 523: Telework and Management in Public Organizations
    • Chapter 524: The Basis and Core Knowledge of Business Process Management
    • Chapter 525: The Role of Information Technology in Supply Chain Management
    • Chapter 526: The Role of Social Relationships and Social Networks in IT Project Teams
    • Chapter 527: UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Management on the Web
    • Chapter 528: Workflow Modeling Technologies
    • Section 70: Marketing
    • Chapter 529: Analytic Hierarchy Process as a Decision Tool for Operative Marketing
    • Chapter 530: House Sign Advertising Design and Graphic Application Imperatives
    • Chapter 531: Increase the Diffusion Rate of Emergent Technologies
    • Chapter 532: Marketing Technology Products and Services Using Key Concepts and Current Trends
    • Chapter 533: Marketing Vulnerabilities in an Age of Online Commerce
    • Chapter 534: Properties, Consumer Segments, Practices, and Ethics in Mobile Marketing
    • Chapter 535: The Impact of Direct-to-Consumer Medication and Genetic Tests on Contemporary Lives
    • Section 71: Materials Science
    • Chapter 536: A Contribution to Better Organized Winter Road Maintenance by Integrating the Model in a Geographic Information System
    • Chapter 537: Modeling and Experimental Study of Gas-Liquid Membrane Contactor
    • Section 72: Mathematics
    • Chapter 538: Hardware Design for Decimal Multiplication
    • Section 73: Medical Engineering
    • Chapter 539: Flow Cytometry Data Analysis
    • Chapter 540: Human Ear Recognition System
    • Chapter 541: Telesurgical Robotics
    • Section 74: Medical Ethics and Law
    • Chapter 542: Ethics of Biomedical and Information Technologies
    • Chapter 543: The Aftermath of HIPAA Violations and the Costs on U.S. Healthcare Organizations
    • Section 75: Medical Technologies
    • Chapter 544: Clinical Monitoring and Automatic Detection of Venous Air Embolism
    • Chapter 545: Computational Intelligence in Detecting Abnormal Pressure in the Diabetic Foot
    • Chapter 546: Epilepsy Recognition by Higher Order Spectra Analysis of EEG Signals
    • Chapter 547: Feasibility Study of Using Microsoft Kinect for Physical Therapy Monitoring
    • Chapter 548: Feature Selection Methods to Extract Knowledge and Enhance Analysis of Ventricular Fibrillation Signals
    • Chapter 549: Interventions Strategies to Promote Adaptive Behaviors by Persons with Acquired Brain Injuries
    • Chapter 550: Mapping the Chromosome through a Novel Use of GIS and Spatial Analysis
    • Chapter 551: Medical Simulation as a Tool to Enhance Human Performance Technology in Healthcare
    • Chapter 552: Microarrays
    • Chapter 553: Mobile Health (mHealth)
    • Chapter 554: Symmetry Detection in Brain Image Analysis
    • Chapter 555: Team Neurodynamics
    • Chapter 556: Technology and Tools Appropriation in Medical Practices
    • Chapter 557: The Serious Games Applied for Health
    • Section 76: Mobile and Wireless Computing
    • Chapter 558: Context Awareness in Mobile Devices
    • Chapter 559: Context-Aware Multimedia Content Recommendations for Smartphone Users
    • Chapter 560: Essential Technologies and Methodologies for Mobile/Handheld App Development
    • Chapter 561: Mobile App Stores
    • Chapter 562: Mobile Music Interfaces Evaluation
    • Chapter 563: Mobile Technologies Support Effective Learning
    • Chapter 564: Positioning Methods and Technologies in Mobile and Pervasive Computing
    • Chapter 565: Remote Access
    • Chapter 566: Resource Allocation in OFDMA as an Optimization Problem
    • Chapter 567: Security and Privacy on Personalized Multi-Agent System
    • Chapter 568: Self-Adaptive Differential Evolution Algorithms for Wireless Communications and the Antenna and Microwave Design Problems
    • Chapter 569: The Impact of Open Source Software on Smartphones Industry
    • Chapter 570: The Internet of Things
    • Chapter 571: The Rise of the Tablet
    • Chapter 572: Virtual Communities
    • Chapter 573: Wearable for Health and Fashion
    • Chapter 574: Wireless Grids
    • Chapter 575: Wireless Sensor Networks
    • Section 77: Mobile Learning
    • Chapter 576: A One Year Federal Mobile Learning Initiative Review
    • Chapter 577: Efficient Mobile Learning in Classroom Settings through MLE
    • Chapter 578: Towards a Methodology for Semantic and Context-Aware Mobile Learning
    • Section 78: Multimedia Technology
    • Chapter 579: A Review of Image Segmentation Evaluation in the 21st Century
    • Chapter 580: Cloud and Mobile Web-Based Graphics and Visualization
    • Chapter 581: Computational Color Constancy
    • Chapter 582: Direct Execution of Design Patterns
    • Chapter 583: Feature Extraction in Content-Based Image Retrieval
    • Chapter 584: Half Century for Image Segmentation
    • Chapter 585: High-Level Features for Image Indexing and Retrieval
    • Chapter 586: Image Fusion Techniques with Multiple-Sensors
    • Chapter 587: Image Retrieval Practice and Research
    • Chapter 588: Image Segmentation Methods
    • Chapter 589: Metadata in Digital Audio
    • Chapter 590: Modeling Image Quality
    • Chapter 591: Next-Generation Optical Access Networks
    • Chapter 592: Robust Image Hashing
    • Chapter 593: Semantic Image Retrieval
    • Chapter 594: Spatial and 3-D Audio Systems
    • Chapter 595: Statistics on Image Engineering Literatures
    • Chapter 596: Template Matching in Digital Images with Swarm Intelligence
    • Chapter 597: Using Statistical Models and Evolutionary Algorithms in Algorithmic Music Composition
    • Section 79: Music Technologies
    • Chapter 598: Advances in Audio Restoration
    • Chapter 599: Music Management in the Digital Age
    • Chapter 600: Study of the Effect of Music and Meditation on Heart Rate Variability
    • Section 80: Networking and Telecommunications
    • Chapter 601: A Comparative Study of Attacks, Security Mechanisms, Preventive Measures, and Challenges in Wireless Sensor Networks
    • Chapter 602: Adaptive Network-on-Chip
    • Chapter 603: An Overview of 3GPP Long Term Evolution (LTE)
    • Chapter 604: Autonomic Cooperative Networking
    • Chapter 605: Cognitive Communications
    • Chapter 606: Cognitive Radio Sensor Networks
    • Chapter 607: Concepts of RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) and Their Applications to Port Logistics
    • Chapter 608: Conditional Random Fields for Modeling Structured Data
    • Chapter 609: Exploiting DHT's Properties to Improve the Scalability of Mesh Networks
    • Chapter 610: Key Issues and Research Directions in Green Wireless Networking
    • Chapter 611: Machine-to-Machine Communications
    • Chapter 612: Maximum Burst Size of Traffic Determination for Switched Local Area Networks
    • Chapter 613: Metamaterial Loaded Microstrip Patch Antennas
    • Chapter 614: Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs) for Multimedia Transmission
    • Chapter 615: Network Simulator NS-2
    • Chapter 616: On-Chip Networks for Modern Large-Scale Chips
    • Chapter 617: Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting for Wireless Sensor Nodes
    • Chapter 618: Risk Regulation Regimes of Radio Frequency Information Technology
    • Chapter 619: Routing Protocols for IEEE 802.11-Based Mesh Networks
    • Chapter 620: Studying Quality of Experience (QoE) over Wireless Networks
    • Chapter 621: The Use of Body Area Networks and Radio Frequency Identification in Healthcare
    • Chapter 622: The WiMAX Network Solutions for Virtual Enterprises Business Network
    • Chapter 623: Urban WLAN Solutions in Finnish Cities
    • Chapter 624: Virtual Private Networks
    • Section 81: Neural Networks
    • Chapter 625: Artificial Neural Networks in Physical Therapy
    • Chapter 626: Artificial Neural Networks Tutorial
    • Chapter 627: Improved Wavelet Neural Networks and Its Applications in Function Approximation
    • Chapter 628: Modeling and Forecasting Electricity Price Based on Multi Resolution Analysis and Dynamic Neural Networks
    • Section 82: Political Science
    • Chapter 629: E-Activism
    • Chapter 630: Online Political Activism among Young People in Sub-Saharan Africa
    • Chapter 631: Voting Advice Applications
    • Section 83: Psychology and Human Behavior
    • Chapter 632: Definitions and Meanings of Online Lurkers
    • Chapter 633: Seeking Patterns of Digital Deception
    • Chapter 634: Technology and Mental Health
    • Chapter 635: The Decision Maker's Cognitive Load
    • Chapter 636: Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for Anxiety and Specific Phobias
    • Chapter 637: Virtual Standardized Patients for Assessing the Competencies of Psychologists
    • Section 84: Public Sector Management
    • Chapter 638: Effects of Environmental Threat on U.S. Defense Contractors in War Zones from the Social Science and Technology Perspectives
    • Chapter 639: Migrant Worker Empowerment in Online Communities
    • Chapter 640: People Counting System Using Video Camera
    • Chapter 641: Regional Development Getting Smarter with ICT
    • Chapter 642: Revolution in Military Affairs as Technology-Driven Change in Military Operation
    • Chapter 643: Training Effectiveness Readiness Levels (TERLs)
    • Section 85: Research Methods
    • Chapter 644: Citation Based Indicators in Evaluation of Quality and Performance of Research and Researchers
    • Chapter 645: Cyberinfrastructure, Science Gateways, Campus Bridging, and Cloud Computing
    • Chapter 646: Implications of Using Software to Support Qualitative Research
    • Chapter 647: Reproducible Computing
    • Chapter 648: The Impact of Digital Resources on Scholarship in the Digital Humanities
    • Chapter 649: Virtual Research Integrity
    • Section 86: Robotics
    • Chapter 650: Distributed Autonomous Control Architecture for Intelligent Mobile Robot Systems
    • Chapter 651: Dynamical Systems Approach for Predator-Prey Robot Behavior Control via Symbolic Dynamics Based Communication
    • Chapter 652: IT and Mechatronics in Industrial Robotic Workcell Design and Operation
    • Chapter 653: The Role of Robotic Telepresence in the Academic Library
    • Section 87: Semantic Web
    • Chapter 654: Ontology-Driven Generation of Guidelines for Content Creation Purposes
    • Chapter 655: Semantic Web Platforms for Bioinformatics and Life Sciences
    • Chapter 656: Social Semantic Web for Lifelong Learners (SSW4LL)
    • Section 88: Small and Medium Enterprises
    • Chapter 657: Information and IT in Small and Medium Enterprises
    • Chapter 658: Institutional Repository
    • Chapter 659: Strategies to Adopt Information Technology in SMEs
    • Chapter 660: Towards a Multi-Dimensional Model of Digital Competence in Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises
    • Section 89: Social Networking and Computing
    • Chapter 661: Cyber Bullying Behaviours
    • Chapter 662: Multimedia Social Networks
    • Chapter 663: Peer-to-Peer Social Networks
    • Chapter 664: Social Computing
    • Chapter 665: Social Influence Online
    • Chapter 666: Social Media Development, Usage, Challenges, and Opportunities
    • Chapter 667: The Ecology of Early Adolescents' Internet Mediated Sexual Interactions
    • Chapter 668: The Implications of Social Media in Hospitality Research
    • Chapter 669: The Rise of Cyberstalking
    • Chapter 670: The Yin and Yang of 4chan's Nature
    • Chapter 671: Virtual Communities of Practice
    • Section 90: Socio-Economic Development
    • Chapter 672: Information Society, Digital Divide, and E-Governance in Developing Countries
    • Chapter 673: Inhibitors to Internet Use by Sub-Saharan African SMEs
    • Section 91: Sociology
    • Chapter 674: E-Culture
    • Chapter 675: Social Machines
    • Chapter 676: The Impact of Digital Inclusion Initiatives in a Civic Context
    • Chapter 677: The Sociological Determinants of Internet Use in Tunisian Exporting Companies
    • Section 92: Sports and Entertainment
    • Chapter 678: Computer Science in Sport
    • Chapter 679: Inertial Measurement Units in Gait and Sport Motion Analysis
    • Chapter 680: Pervasive Computing in Sport
    • Section 93: Surveillance Systems
    • Chapter 681: People Flow Monitoring
    • Chapter 682: Security in Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)
    • Section 94: Sustainability
    • Chapter 683: Sustainability
    • Section 95: Systems and Software Engineering
    • Chapter 684: A Comparison of Use Cases and User Stories
    • Chapter 685: A Conflict Classification and Resolution Modeling in Multi-Agent Systems
    • Chapter 686: A Proposed Novel Description Language in Digital System Modeling
    • Chapter 687: A Short Review of Fuzzy Linear Equation Systems
    • Chapter 688: Advanced and Delayed Information in Requirements Engineering
    • Chapter 689: Advanced Real Time Systems
    • Chapter 690: Advances in Fault-Tolerant Multi-Agent Systems
    • Chapter 691: Agile Scrum
    • Chapter 692: Application of Web-Based Geographical Information System (GIS) In Tourism Development
    • Chapter 693: Aspect-Oriented Programming
    • Chapter 694: Business Process Modeling Languages and Tools
    • Chapter 695: Classification of Network Optimization Software Packages
    • Chapter 696: Constructing New Venues for Service Improvements Using the Architecture of Preventive Service Systems
    • Chapter 697: Detecting Inconsistency in the Domain-Engineering
    • Chapter 698: Emerging ICT-Based Methods in the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction Context
    • Chapter 699: Energy Efficiency Using the Fast Reroute Technique
    • Chapter 700: Enhancing Formal Methods with Feature Models in MDD
    • Chapter 701: Enterprise Dynamic Systems Control
    • Chapter 702: Ethical Conflicts Regarding Technical Assistance Systems for the Elderly
    • Chapter 703: Evolvable Hardware
    • Chapter 704: Formal Methods Overview
    • Chapter 705: Formal Verification Methods
    • Chapter 706: From Stories to Histories in Making Sense of IS Failure
    • Chapter 707: Method of System's Potential as Holistic Approach for CAS-Modelling
    • Chapter 708: Modeling Knowledge Society
    • Chapter 709: Moment-Based Image Watermarking Principles, Perspectives, and Challenges
    • Chapter 710: Mutation Testing
    • Chapter 711: Novel Algorithmic Approach to Deciphering Rovash Inscriptions
    • Chapter 712: Optimal Preemptively Scheduling for Real-Time Reconfigurable Uniprocessor Embedded Systems
    • Chapter 713: Real-Time Communication Support in IEEE 802.11-Based Wireless Mesh Networks
    • Chapter 714: Recommender Systems Review of Types, Techniques, and Applications
    • Chapter 715: Reversible Logic as a Stepping Stone to Quantum Computing
    • Chapter 716: Reversible Watermarking
    • Chapter 717: RFID/WSN Middleware Approach for Container Monitoring
    • Chapter 718: ScaleSem Approach to Check and to Query Semantic Graphs
    • Chapter 719: Scrum Software Development Methodology
    • Chapter 720: SDSS Based on GIS
    • Chapter 721: Semi-Supervised Dimension Reduction Techniques to Discover Term Relationships
    • Chapter 722: Signal Processing for Financial Markets
    • Chapter 723: Software Modernization and the State-of-the-Art and Challenges
    • Chapter 724: State of the Art of Software Architecture Design Methods Used in Main Software Development Methodologies
    • Chapter 725: Supporting Real-Time Communication in Large-Scale Wireless Sensor Networks
    • Chapter 726: Systems and Software Engineering in IT System Development
    • Chapter 727: Using Metaheuristics as Soft Computing Techniques for Efficient Optimization
    • Chapter 728: Using Wiki for Agile Software Development
    • Section 96: Teacher Education
    • Chapter 729: Ubiquitous Professional Training for Teachers using the uProf! Model
    • Chapter 730: Using an Adapted Continuous Practice Improvement Model to Support the Professional Development of Teachers in a Collaborative Online Environment
    • Section 97: Theoretical Computer Science
    • Chapter 731: A Scientist-Poet's Account of Ontology in Information Science
    • Chapter 732: Adaptive Interoperable Models of All Things Based on Human Language
    • Chapter 733: Information Physics and Complex Information Systems
    • Chapter 734: What are Ontologies Useful For?
    • Section 98: Urban and Regional Development
    • Chapter 735: Geospatial Semantic Web for Spatial Data Sharing
    • Chapter 736: Knowledge-Based Urban Development
    • Section 99: Virtual Learning Environments
    • Chapter 737: A Review of Virtualisation and Cloud Computing for Higher Education
    • Chapter 738: Attributes of Successful Online Students and Instructors
    • Chapter 739: Augmented Reality Based E-Learning Applications
    • Chapter 740: Development of Individual Agency within a Collaborative, Creative Learning Community
    • Chapter 741: Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) and the Technologies That Support Learning with Them
    • Chapter 742: Open Source Virtual Worlds for E-Learning
    • Chapter 743: Roles of Online Instructors Apt for Students' Cognitive and Affective learning
    • Chapter 744: UX Quality with Online Learning Systems and Course Materials
    • Chapter 745: Virtual Communities of Inquiry
    • Section 100: Web Technologies
    • Chapter 746: A Review on Semantic Similarity
    • Chapter 747: Advanced Analytics for Big Data
    • Chapter 748: Audiovisual Hypermedia in the Semantic Web
    • Chapter 749: Digital Object Memory
    • Chapter 750: Enhancing the Trustworthiness of Web Services Coordination
    • Chapter 751: Internet of Things (IoT)
    • Chapter 752: Mobile Web Accessibility and Government Compliance
    • Chapter 753: Schema Evolution
    • Chapter 754: Schema Versioning
    • Chapter 755: The Web Ontology Language (OWL) and Its Applications
    • Chapter 756: Web Analytics Overview
    • Chapter 757: Web Archiving
    • Chapter 758: Web Navigation Systems for Information Seeking
    • About the Contributors