Atrocities, Massacres, and War Crimes: An Encyclopedia

Editor: Mikaberidze, Alexander
Publication Year: 2013
Publisher: ABC-CLIO

Single-User Purchase Price: $189.00
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: $283.50
ISBN: 978-1-59884-925-7
Category: History - World history
Image Count: 62
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

Both concise and wide-ranging, this encyclopedia covers massacres, atrocities, war crimes, and genocides, including acts of inhumanity on all continents; and serves as a reminder that lest we forget, history will repeat itself.

Share this

This book is found in the following Credo Collections:

Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgments
  • Preface
  • Introduction
  • VOLUME 1
  • A
  • Acqui Division, Massacre of the (1943)
  • Adana Massacre (1909)
  • Afghanistan
  • Al-Aqsa Mosque Massacre (1990)
  • Alcohol and Atrocities
  • Al-Diein Massacre (1987)
  • Allied Military Tribunals (1945–1948)
  • American Indian Wars, Massacres during the
  • American Revolutionary War, Atrocities during the
  • Amin, Idi.
  • Amritsar Massacre (1919)
  • Andersonville Prison
  • Anfal, Al- (1987–1988)
  • Apartheid
  • Arana, Julio César (1864–1952)
  • Ardeatine Massacre (1944)
  • Ardenne Abbey Massacre (1944)
  • Argentina
  • Armenian Genocide (1915–1916)
  • Art, Atrocities in
  • Art, Massacres in
  • Asiatic Vespers (88 bce)
  • Assad, Hafez Al- (1930–2000)
  • Ataturk, Mustafa Kemal (1881–1938)
  • Atrocity Propaganda
  • Auschwitz
  • Auspicious Incident (1826)
  • Australian Aborigines
  • Austria, Death Marches through (1945)
  • Austrian Gestapo Trials (1945–1955)
  • B
  • Babi Yar Massacre (1941)
  • Balangiga Massacre (1901)
  • Baldat Al-Shaykh Massacre (1947)
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbie, Klaus (1913–1991)
  • Bashir, Omar Hassan Al- (1944–)
  • Bataan Death March (1942)
  • Bear River, Massacre on the (1863)
  • Beirut Barracks, Bombing of (1983)
  • Bellows, George: The War Series
  • Beria, Lavrenty Pavlovich (1899–1953)
  • Berwick Massacre (1296)
  • Biafra
  • Biscari Massacre (1943)
  • Bloody Sunday (1972)
  • Bokassa (1921–1996)
  • Bouhired, the Trial of Djamila (1957)
  • Bousquet, René (1909–1993)
  • Brandt, Karl (1904–1948)
  • Bruges, Matins of (1302)
  • Brunner, Alois (1912–?)
  • Bud Dajo, Battle of (1906)
  • Bulgarian Massacres (1876)
  • Burma–Thailand Railway
  • C
  • Callot, Jacques: The Miseries and Misfortunes of War
  • Cambodia
  • Caucasus, Russian Atrocities in the North (18th–20th Centuries)
  • Chemical Weapons and Warfare
  • Cherry Valley Massacre (1778)
  • Chile
  • Chmielnicki Massacres (1648–1649)
  • Cholula Massacre (1519)
  • Colombia
  • Comfort Women
  • Commando Order (1942)
  • Concentration Camps
  • Concentration Camps, German (1933–1945)
  • Condor, Operation (1976–1983)
  • Congo, Democratic Republic of
  • Congo, Mass Rapes in
  • Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1948)
  • Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons (1980)
  • Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1984)
  • Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitations to War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity (1986)
  • Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction (1992)
  • Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production, and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (1997)
  • Croatia
  • Cultural Revolution (1966–1969)
  • D
  • Dade's Massacre (1835)
  • Dartmoor Massacre (1815)
  • D'aubuisson, Roberto (1943–1992)
  • Death Squads
  • Dehumanization
  • Deir Yassin Massacre (1948)
  • Dirty War (1974–1983)
  • Distomo Massacre (1944)
  • Djemal, Ahmad (1872–1922)
  • Dresden, Air Attacks on (1945)
  • E
  • East Timor
  • Eichmann, Karl Adolf (1906–1962)
  • Einsatzgruppen Case (1947)
  • El Salvador
  • Engerau Trials (1945–1954)
  • Enver, Ismail (1881–1922)
  • Ethiopia
  • Ethnic Cleansing
  • European Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitations to Crimes against Humanity and War Crime (1974)
  • Extermination Centers
  • Extrajudicial Killings
  • F
  • Famine
  • Far East, British Military Courts after World War II
  • Ferencz, Benjamin B. (1920–)
  • Final Solution.
  • Flick Case (1947)
  • Foča Massacres (1992–1994)
  • Fort Dearborn (Chicago) Massacre (1812)
  • Fort Pillow Massacre (1864)
  • Fraustadt-Grodno Massacres (1706)
  • French Collaboration Trials
  • French Wars of Religion (1562–1598)
  • G
  • Gagović, Dragan (1960–1999)
  • Gas Chambers
  • Geneva Convention Relating to Prisoners of War (1929)
  • Geneva Convention Protocol I (1977)
  • Geneva Convention Protocol II (1977)
  • Genghis Khan (1167–1227)
  • Genocide Convention (1948).
  • Gestapo
  • Globke Trial (1963)
  • Gnaddenhutten Massacre (1782)
  • Goliad Massacre (1836)
  • Good Friday Massacre.
  • Goya, Francisco: The Disasters of War
  • Great Leap Forward (1958–1962)
  • Great Purges (1934–1937)
  • Guatemala
  • Guernica, Bombing of (1937)
  • Gulag
  • H
  • Habre, Hissène (1940–)
  • Hadamar Insane Asylum Case (U.S. v. Alfons Klein) (1945)
  • Haditha Massacre (2005)
  • Hague Conference, First
  • Hague Conference, Second
  • Hama Massacre (1982)
  • Hamburg, Raids on (1943)
  • Hamidian (Armenian) Massacres (1894–1896)
  • Harris, Sir Arthur “Bomber” (1892–1984)
  • Harukei Isayama Trial (1946)
  • Hebron Massacre (1929)
  • Hebron Mosque Massacre (1994)
  • Herero, Germany's Genocide of the (1904–1908)
  • Hernández Martínez, Maximiliano (1882–1966)
  • Heydrich, Reinhard Tristan Eugen (1904–1942)
  • Himmler, Heinrich (1900–1945)
  • Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Bombings of (1945)
  • Hitler, Adolf (1889–1945)
  • Holocaust, The
  • Holodomor (1932–1933)
  • Homma Masaharu (1887–1946)
  • Hostages
  • Houla Massacre (2012)
  • Hue Massacre (1968)
  • Human Shields
  • Hungary
  • Hussein, Saddam (1937–2006)
  • I
  • Ibos, Massacres of (1966–1969).
  • Idi Amin (1924/1925–2003)
  • Ig Farben Case (1947)
  • Incendiary Bombs and Bombing
  • Indian Removal Act (1830)
  • Indigenous Populations
  • Indonesia
  • International Court of Justice
  • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966)
  • International Criminal Court
  • International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
  • International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia
  • International Humanitarian Law
  • International Military Tribunal for the Far East (1946–1948)
  • Iraq
  • Ireland, Atrocities in (16th–17th Centuries)
  • Israel/Palestine
  • Itagaki, Seishiro (1885–1948)
  • Italy
  • Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire)
  • J
  • Jackson, Robert H. (1892–1954)
  • Jamestown Massacre of 1622
  • Jamestown Massacre of 1644
  • Japan
  • Japanese Bacteriological Weapons Trial (1949)
  • Jedwabne, Massacre in (1941)
  • Jelisić, Goran (1968–)
  • Justice Case (1947)
  • Just War
  • K
  • Kalavryta Massacre (1943)
  • Kaltenbrunner, Ernst (1903–1946)
  • Kamuhanda Trial (2001–2008)
  • Karadzic, Radovan (1945–)
  • Kashmir
  • Katyń Forest Massacre (1940)
  • Kayishema Trial (1997–1999)
  • Kellogg-Briand Treaty (1928)
  • Kesselring Trial (1947)
  • Kharkov Trial (1943)
  • Khmer Rouge
  • Kim II Sung (1912–1994)
  • Kochang Incident (1951)
  • Koch Trial (1951)
  • Kony, Joseph (c. 1961–)
  • Korean War, Atrocities during the
  • Korean War (War Crimes Trials)
  • Kosovo
  • Krajisnik, Momcilo (1945–)
  • Kramer, Josef (1907–1945)
  • Krasnodar Trial (1943)
  • Krupp Case (1948)
  • Kurds, Massacres of
  • Kuwait, Iraqi Atrocities in (1990–1991)
  • L
  • La Matanza (1932)
  • Lawrence, Geoffrey (1880–1971)
  • League of Nations
  • Lebanon, Civil War in (1975–1990)
  • Legitimate Military Targets
  • Leipzig War Crimes Trials (1921–1927).
  • Leningrad, Siege of (1941–1944)
  • Leopold II (1835–1909)
  • Le Paradis Massacre (1940)
  • Lidice Massacre (1942)
  • Lieber Code
  • Llandovery Castle Case (1921)
  • Lod Airport Massacre (1972)
  • London Agreement (1945)
  • Louvain, Destruction of (1914)
  • Lusitania, Sinking of (1915)
  • VOLUME 2
  • M
  • Mackensen and Maelzer Trial (1945)
  • Maillé Massacre (1944)
  • Majid Al Tikriti, Ali Hassan Al- (1941–2010)
  • Malmédy Massacre (1944)
  • Manstein Trial (1947)
  • Mao Zedong (1893–1976)
  • Marias Massacre (1870)
  • Marzabotto Massacre (1944)
  • Massacre at the Citadel (1811)
  • Matsui, Iwane (1878–1948)
  • Medical Experimentation (WWII)
  • Mengele, Josef (1911–1979)
  • Mengistu, Haile Mariam (1937?–)
  • Mihailovic Trial (1946)
  • Military Necessity
  • Milosevic, Slobodan (1941–2006)
  • Mladić, Ratko (1943–)
  • Mobutu Sese Seko (1930–1997)
  • Montt, Jose Efrain Rios (1926–)
  • Moscow Declaration (1943)
  • Mothers of the Plaza De Mayo
  • Mozambique
  • Mozambique Mercenaries Trial (1976)
  • Müller, Heinrich (1901–1945?)
  • Musa Dagh, Siege of (1915)
  • My Lai Massacre (1968)
  • Mystic Fort Fight (1637)
  • N
  • Nairobi, Kenya, Bombing of U.S. Embassy (1998)
  • Nanjing (Nanking) Massacre (1937–1938)
  • Native Americans, Atrocities against the
  • Nazi Criminal Orders (1941)
  • Nazi Euthanasia Program (1939–1945)
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands Nationals Trials (1945–1948)
  • Nikolaevsk Massacre (1920)
  • Nogun-Ri Railroad Bridge Incident (1950)
  • No Quarter
  • Nuon Chea (1927–)
  • Nuremberg Trials (1945–1946)
  • O
  • Oberheuser, Herta (1937–1978)
  • Obote, Apollo Milton (1924–2005)
  • Ochota Massacre (1944)
  • Old Testament, Atrocities in the
  • Oradour-Sur-Glane Massacre (1944)
  • Order 270 (1941)
  • P
  • Pakistan
  • Pamunkey Peace Talks (1632)
  • Papon, Maurice Arthur Jean (1910–2007)
  • Paris Commune (1871)
  • Pavelić, Ante (1889–1959)
  • Philippine–American Wars, Atrocities in (1898–1913).
  • Philippine–American War, War Crime Trials in the
  • Pinochet, Augusto (1915–2006)
  • Plunder and Spoliation
  • Pogroms
  • Pohl, Oswald (1892–1951)
  • Poland
  • Pol Pot (1928–1998)
  • Praga, Massacre at (1794)
  • Prague Massacre (1389)
  • Priebke, Erich (1913–)
  • Prisoners of War during WWII
  • Protocol on the Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Mines, Booby-Traps and Other Devices (1996)
  • Q
  • Qibya Massacre (1953)
  • Quran, War and Violence in the
  • R
  • Rape
  • Rape (Red Army in World War II)
  • Resolution No. 2444 (1968)
  • Rheinwiesenlager (1945)
  • Rindfleisch Massacre (1298)
  • Roma, Atrocities against the
  • Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (1998)
  • Ruggiu, Georges (1957–)
  • Rutaganda Trial (1997–1999)
  • Rwanda and Burundi, Genocide in (1994)
  • S
  • Sabra and Shatila Massacre (1982)
  • Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre (1572)
  • Saint Brice's Day Massacre (1002)
  • Sand Creek Massacre (1864)
  • Sant'anna Di Stazzema, Massacre in (1944)
  • Sarajevo, Siege of (1992)
  • Schutzstaffel
  • September 11 Attacks (2001)
  • September Massacres (1792)
  • Shanghai Massacre (1927)
  • Sharpeville Massacre (1960)
  • Sherman's “March to the Sea” (1864)
  • Shining Path
  • Sicilian Vespers (1282)
  • Sikhs, Atrocities against
  • Sook Ching Massacre (1942)
  • Soviet Deportation
  • Soviet National Trials
  • Soweto Massacre (1976)
  • Spanish–American and Philippine–American Wars, Atrocities in (1898–1913)
  • Special Court for Sierra Leone
  • Srebrenica Massacre (1995)
  • Stalin, Josef (1879–1953)
  • Stolen Generations
  • Student Trial (1946)
  • Sudan
  • Suharto (1921–2008)
  • Syria.
  • T
  • Taliban
  • Taylor, Charles (1948–)
  • Taylor, Telford (1908–1998)
  • Terrorism
  • Terrorism, Islamic Radical
  • Tiananmen Square Incident (1989)
  • Tiger Force
  • Timur (1336–1405)
  • Tojo, Hideki (1884–1948)
  • Tokyo, Bombing of (1945)
  • Torture
  • Touvier Case (1994)
  • Trail of Tears (1838)
  • Trotha, Adrian Dietrich Lothar von (1848–1920)
  • Truth Commissions
  • U
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine.
  • Unit 731
  • United Nations
  • United Nations Commission on Human Rights
  • United Nations Commission of Experts
  • United Nations War Crimes Commission
  • United States
  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)
  • Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
  • Ustashe
  • V
  • Vendée, Revolt in (1793–1794)
  • Versailles, Treaty of (1919)
  • Videla, Jorge Raphael (1925–)
  • Vietnam War, Atrocities during the
  • Vlad the Impaler (1431–1476)
  • Volhynian Poles, Massacres of (1943)
  • W
  • Wannsee Conference (1942)
  • War Crimes Tribunals
  • Warsaw Ghetto Uprising (1943)
  • Warsaw Uprising (1944)
  • Waterloo Creek Massacre (1838)
  • White Terrors (1927 and 1947)
  • Wola Massacre (1944)
  • Wolff Trial (1964)
  • World War I, Atrocities during
  • World War I, War Crimes Trials
  • World War II, Atrocities during
  • World War II, War Crimes Trials
  • Wormhoudt Massacre (1940)
  • Wounded Knee, Massacre at (1890)
  • Y
  • Yamashita Trial (1945)
  • Yokohama Trials (1946–1951)
  • Yugoslavian Civil Wars (1991–1995, 1998–2001)
  • Z
  • Zuehlke Trial (1948)
  • Zyklon-B Case (1946)
  • Chronology of Massacres and War Crimes
  • Glossary
  • General Bibliography
  • List of Contributors
  • Categorical Index
  • Subject Index