The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human Paleopathology

Editor/Author Aufderheide, Arthur C. and Rodriguez-Martin, Conrado
Publication Year: 2011
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Price: Core Collection Only
ISBN: 978-0-52-179080-2
Category: Science - Biology
Image Count: 310
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human Paleopathology is a major reference work for all those interested in the identification of disease in human remains.

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Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • Acknowledgements
  • Part One: History of paleopathology
  • Introduction
  • Antecedent phase
  • Genesis of paleopathology
  • Interbellum consolidation phase
  • The new paleopathology
  • Part Two: Pseudopathology
  • Pseudopathology: Introduction
  • Soft tissue pseudopathology
  • Skeletal tissue pseudopaleopathology
  • Part Three: Traumatic conditions
  • Traumatic conditions
  • Skeletal evidence of trauma
  • Fracture
  • Skull fractures and crushing injuries
  • Vertebral and thoracic fractures
  • Dislocations
  • Traumatic myositis ossificans
  • Localized subperiosteal thickenings
  • Skeletal injuries by weapons
  • Decapitation
  • Strangulation
  • Amputation: the skeletal evidence
  • Amputation: the soft tissue (finger) evidence
  • Trephination
  • Cranial deformation
  • Cauterization
  • Bloodletting
  • Scalping
  • Crucifixion
  • Soft tissue injuries: inflicted by others
  • Lacerations and stab wounds
  • Sacrifice victims
  • Accidental injuries
  • Soft tissue injuries: mutilation
  • Introduction
  • Labrets
  • Nasal and earrings
  • Hair and nails
  • Circumcision
  • Tattoos and scarification
  • Purpose(s)
  • Part Four: Congenital anomalies
  • Congenital skeletal anomolies
  • Skull malformations
  • Craniosynostoses
  • Complex craniofacial deformities
  • Anencephaly
  • Microcephaly
  • Macrocephaly
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Congenital herniation of meninges and brain
  • Cleft palate (palatoschisis)
  • Enlarged parietal foramina (foramina parietalia permagna; Catlin Mark)
  • Congenital malformations of the spine
  • Atlas occipitalization (atlanto-occipital fusion; atlanto-occipital assimilation)
  • Basilar impression
  • Klippel-Feil syndrome
  • Jarcho-Levin syndrome of vertebral anomalies
  • Congenital absence of the odontoid process
  • Spina bifida
  • Butterfly vertebra
  • Anterior spina bifida
  • Incomplete segmentation of vertebral segments
  • Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis
  • Hemivertebrae
  • Sacrococcygeal agenesis
  • Sacral agenesis
  • Congenital absence of the pedicles
  • Transitional vertebrae
  • Scoliosis
  • Congenital kyphosis
  • Congenital malformations of the thorax
  • Cervical ribs
  • Costal fusion
  • Other rib anomalies
  • Congenital malformations of the pelvis
  • Congenital dislocation of the hip
  • Extrophy of bladder and cleft pelvis
  • Aplasia and hypoplasia of the extremities
  • Failures in the development of a limb
  • Failures in the development of bones
  • Upper extremity malformations
  • Dysostosis cleidocranialis
  • Sprengel's deformity
  • Madelung's deformity
  • Congenital radio-ulnar synostosis
  • Congenital dislocation of the radius
  • Congenital pseudoarthrosis of the clavicle
  • Carpal blocks
  • Lower extremity malformations
  • Developmental coxa vara
  • Genu recurvatum congenitum
  • Bipartite patella
  • Congenital angulation of the tibia
  • Congenital pseudoarthrosis of the tibia
  • Tibial-fibular synostosis
  • Tarsal blocks
  • Talipes equinovarus
  • Metatarsus varus congenitus
  • Talus verticalis congenitus
  • Malformations of fingers and toes
  • Adactyly
  • Syndactyly
  • Polydactyly
  • Symphalangism
  • Hyperphalangism
  • Part Five: Circulatory disorders
  • Aneurysms
  • Congenital aortic disease
  • Osteochondritis dissecans
  • Osteochondroses
  • Necrosis of the femoral head
  • Primary necrosis of the medial femoral condyle
  • Slipped femoral capital epiphysis
  • Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy
  • Part Six: Joint diseases
  • Degenerative joint disease
  • Degenerative disease of the spine
  • Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH)
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Juvenile chronic arthritis
  • Ankylosing spondylitis (AS)
  • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Reiter's syndrome (reactive arthritis)
  • Enteropathic arthropathies
  • Traumatic arthritis
  • Nonspecific septic arthritis
  • Neurotrophic arthropathy
  • Gout
  • Definition and etiology
  • Ochronosis
  • Hemochromatosis
  • Definition
  • Genetic (primary, hereditary, idiopathic) hemochromatosis
  • Acquired hemochromatosis
  • Paleopathology
  • Part Seven: Infectious diseases
  • Infectious Diseases: Introduction
  • Bacterial Infections
  • Tuberculosis
  • Leprosy
  • Treponematosis
  • Osteomyelitis
  • Pneumonia
  • Salmonellosis
  • Brucellosis
  • Actinomycosis
  • Nocardiosis
  • Plague
  • Cholera
  • Gas gangrene
  • Lyme disease
  • Glanders
  • Tropical ulcer
  • Tropical ulcer
  • Ainhum
  • Virus Infections
  • Introduction
  • Smallpox
  • Measles
  • Rubella
  • Influenza
  • Poliomyelitis
  • Miscellaneous virus infections
  • Fungal Infections
  • Introduction
  • History of the fungal infections
  • Systemic mycoses
  • Subcutaneous Mycoses
  • Parasitic Infections
  • Introduction
  • Protozoan infections
  • Helminth infections
  • Part Eight: Diseases of the viscera
  • Diseases of the viscera: Introduction
  • Soft tissue lesions of the head and neck
  • Heart and pericardial diseases
  • Pulmonary diseases
  • Liver and biliary tract diseases
  • Gastrointestinal tract diseases
  • Urinary diseases
  • Genital diseases
  • Breast diseases
  • Dermatological diseases
  • Part Nine: Metabolic diseases
  • Vitamin D-related syndromes: rickets and osteomalacia
  • Scurvy
  • Osteoporosis
  • Intoxications
  • Fluorosis
  • Lead poisoning
  • Mercury poisoning
  • Arsenic poisoning
  • Mycotoxicosis
  • Part Ten: Endocrine disorders
  • Endocrine disorders: Introduction
  • The pituitary gland
  • The parathyroid glands
  • Disorders affecting gender expression
  • The thyroid
  • The adrenals
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Part Eleven: Hematological disorders
  • Hematological disorders: Introduction
  • Disorders of red blood cells (anemias)
  • Disorders of white blood cells
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Part Twelve: Skeletal dysplasias
  • Skeletal dysplasias: Introduction
  • Growth defects of long bones and spine
  • Introduction
  • Achondroplasia
  • Chondrodysplasia punctata
  • Camptomelic Dysplasia
  • Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia
  • Short-limbed dwarfism with prominent spine alterations
  • Congenital spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia
  • Kniest dysplasia
  • Larsen's syndrome
  • Metaphyseal and diaphyseal disorders
  • Diaphyseal aclasis
  • Metaphyseal chondrodysplasia
  • Metatrophic dysplasia
  • Dystrophic dysplasia
  • Dyschondrosteosis
  • Chondroectodermal dysplasia
  • Developmental anomalies of cartilaginous and fibrous components of the skeleton
  • Dyschondroplasia
  • Disorders of diaphyseal density or metaphyseal remodeling
  • Osteopetrosis
  • Dysosteosclerosis
  • Pyknodysostosis
  • Infantile cortical hyperostosis
  • Diaphyseal dysplasia
  • Frontometaphyseal dysplasia
  • Craniometaphyseal dysplasia
  • Metaphyseal dysplasia
  • Craniodiaphyseal dysplasia
  • Melorheostosis
  • Hyperphosphatasia
  • Hypophosphatasia
  • Collagen disorders leading to inappropriate mineralization
  • Introduction
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta
  • Fibrogenesis imperfecta ossium
  • Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva
  • Osteopoikilosis
  • Osteopathia striata
  • Nail–Patella syndrome
  • Marfan's syndrome
  • Homocystinuria
  • Skeletal dysplasias due to chromosomal aberrations
  • Introduction
  • Trisomy 21
  • Trisomy 8
  • Deletion 5p
  • Turner's syndrome
  • Klinefelter's syndrome
  • Skeletal dysplasias due to congenital metabolic disorders
  • Mucopolysaccharidoses
  • Mucolipidoses
  • Lipid storage diseases
  • Part Thirteen: Neoplastic conditions
  • General principles of neoplasia
  • Definition
  • Characteristics of benign and malignant tumors
  • Function of neoplastic cells
  • Epidemiology
  • Causes of neoplasia
  • Cancer in antiquity
  • Paleopathological study of neoplasms
  • Tumors of osseous origin or differentiation
  • Osteoma
  • Solitary enostosis
  • Osteoid osteoma
  • Osteoblastoma
  • Ossifying fibroma
  • Osteogenic sarcoma
  • Tumors of cartilage origin or differentiation
  • Chondroma
  • Chondroblastoma
  • Chondromyxoid fibroma
  • Osteochondroma
  • Chondrosarcoma
  • Tumors of fibrous connective tissue origin or differentiation
  • Introduction
  • Desmoplastic fibroma
  • Nonossifying fibroma
  • Fibrosarcoma
  • Fibrous histiocytoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma
  • Lipoma, liposarcoma, and leiomyosarcoma
  • Tumors of vascular differentiation
  • Hemangioma of bone
  • Glomus tumor, hemangiopericytoma, and hemangioendothelioma
  • Angiosarcoma
  • Tumors of neural tissue
  • Neurilemmoma (Schwannoma), neurofibroma, and neurofibrosarcoma
  • Notochord tumors
  • Chordoma
  • Miscellaneous tumors of unknown origin
  • Giant cell reparative granuloma
  • Meningioma
  • Giant cell tumor
  • Ewing's sarcoma
  • Primary malignant lymphoma of bone
  • Metastatic skeletal lesions
  • Bone cysts
  • Part Fourteen: Diseases of the dentition
  • Oral biology
  • Attrition
  • Temporomandibular joint disease
  • Periodontal disorders
  • Dental caries
  • Enamel hypoplasia
  • Miscellaneous dentition-related conditions
  • Part Fifteen: Miscellaneous conditions
  • Paget's disease of bone
  • Leontiasis ossea
  • Hyperostosis frontalis interna
  • Generalized hyperostosis with pachydermia (pachydermo-hyperostosis)
  • Fibrous dysplasia of bone (fibro-osseous dysplasia)
  • Skeletal neurofibromatosis (von Recklinghausen's disease)
  • Harris lines
  • References