Philosophy A-Z: Chinese Philosophy A-Z

Editor/Author Mou, B.
Publication Year: 2009
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

Single-User Purchase Price: $114.00
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: $171.00
ISBN: 978-0-74-863712-6
Category: Philosophy
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

A concise alphabetic guide to the main concepts, figures, topics and important movements of thought that have shaped Chinese philosophy over the last three thousand years.

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Table of Contents

  • Series Editor's Preface
  • Introduction
  • Using This Book
  • Acknowledgements
  • A
  • aesthetics
  • Ai Si-qi (1910-66)
  • Analects
  • analysis / analytic methodology / analytic philosophy
  • analytic movement in modern Chinese philosophy
  • argumentation/argument
  • argument by analogy
  • B
  • being versus becoming
  • Buddha
  • Buddhism / Buddhist
  • Buddhist karma and samsara
  • C
  • Chan (Zen) Buddhism (Chan-Zong )
  • cheng (sincerity)
  • Cheng Hao (Ch'eng Hao)
  • Cheng Yi (Ch'eng I)
  • Chinese Buddhism
  • Chinese language and its related folk way of thinking
  • Chinese language and reflective way of thinking in Chinese philosophy
  • Chinese philosophy
  • Classical (pre-Qin) Confucianism
  • Classical Daoism / Lao-Zhuang Daoism / Lao-Zhuang Philosophy
  • comparative philosophy
  • conduct ethics
  • Confucianism (Ru-Jia ) / Confucian
  • Confucius (Kong Zi)
  • Consciousness-Only Buddhism (Wei-Shi-Zong)
  • consequentialism
  • constructive engagement (methodology/purpose)
  • constructive engagement movement in modern Chinese philosophy
  • Contemporary Neo-Confucianism (dang-dai-Xin-Ru-Xue)
  • “Continental” philosophy study movement in modern Chinese philosophy
  • correlative thinking (correlative way of thinking)
  • cosmology
  • D
  • Da-Xue (Ta Hsüeh) (Great Learning)
  • Dai Zhen (Tai Chen) (style name “Dong-yuan” : 1723-77)
  • dao (Way or the way things are; ultimate reality or the ultimate)
  • Dao-De-Jing (Tao Te Ching)
  • Daoism / philosophical Daoism / Daoist (Dao-Jia )
  • Dao-Tong
  • Dao-Xue (Learning of Dao)
  • de (virtue; manifestations of the dao)
  • determinism
  • dialectical materialism and its development in China
  • Dong Zhong-shu (Tung Chung-shu) (c. 179-104 BCE)
  • dualism
  • E
  • egoism
  • enlightenment (in Buddhism)
  • enlightenment movement in modern Chinese philosophy
  • epistemology
  • er-di [lun] (double-truth account)
  • ethics
  • evocative argumentation
  • F
  • Fa-Jia
  • Fa Zang (Fa-tsang) (643-712)
  • Fan Zhen (450-515)
  • Fang Dong-mei (Thomé H. Fang) (1899-1977)
  • fatalism
  • filial piety
  • freedom
  • Fung Yu-lan (Feng You-lan) (1895-1990)
  • G
  • ge-wu-zhi-zhi (investigating things and extending knowledge)
  • global philosophy
  • Golden Rule
  • Gong-sun Long (Kung-sun Lung) (284-259 BCE)
  • Graham Angus Charles (1919-91)
  • gua
  • Guan-Zi (Kuan Tzu) (The Book of Master Guan)
  • Guo Xiang (Kuo Hsiang) (d. 312)
  • H
  • Han Fei (Han Fei Zi / Han Fei Tzu) (280-233 BCE)
  • harmony
  • he (harmony/harmonious; peace; concord)
  • He Lin (1902-92)
  • heart-mind
  • heaven
  • historical materialism
  • holism
  • Hong Qian (Hung Tscha) (1909-92)
  • Hu Shi (Hu Shih) (1891-1962)
  • Hua-Yan Buddhism (Hua-Yan-Zong)
  • Huai-Nan-Zi (Huai-nan Tzu)
  • Huang Zong-xi (Huang Tsung-hsi) (style name “Tai-chong” honorific name “Li-zhou” 1610-95)
  • Hui Neng (638-713)
  • Hui Shi (Hui Shih) (350-260 BCE)
  • Hui Shi's Ten Propositions
  • human (moral) nature
  • humanism
  • humanity
  • I
  • idealism
  • ideographic language
  • inner sageliness and outer kingliness
  • intuition
  • J
  • Ji Zang (Chi-tsang) (549-623)
  • Jin Yue-lin (1895-1984)
  • jun-zi (morally superior person)
  • justice
  • K
  • Kang You-wei (K'ang Yu-wei) (style name “Guangsha” alternative name “Chang-su” 1858-1927)
  • knowledge
  • L
  • Lao Zi (Lao Tzu) (his legendary family name is “Li” given name “Er” style name “Dan” before the fourth century BCE?)
  • Legalism / Legalists (Fa-Jia
  • li (rules of propriety; rites)
  • li (principle, pattern, reason, or rationale)
  • li-xue (study of principle)
  • li-yi-fen-shu (one principle with many manifestations)
  • Liang Qi-chao (Liang Ch'i-ch'ao) (style name “Zhuoru” 1873-1929)
  • Liang Shu-ming (style name “Shou-ming” 1893-1988)
  • liang-zhi (innate knowledge)
  • Lie-Zi (Lieh-tzu)
  • logical argumentation
  • Lu Jiu-yuan (Lu Chiu-yüan) (style name “Zi-jing” honorific name “Xiang-shan” (Hsiang-shan) 1139-93)
  • Lun-Yü (the Analects)
  • M
  • Madhyamika Buddhism
  • Mahayana (the Great Vehicle) Buddhism
  • Mao Ze-dong (Mao Tse-dung) (1893-1976)
  • Marxist philosophy
  • materialism / materialist
  • Marxist approach to knowledge in modern Chinese philosophy
  • Mencius (Meng Zi, Meng Tzu) (given name “Ke” style name “Zi-Yü” 371-289 BCE)
  • Mencius (Meng-Zi) (The Book of Mencius)
  • metaphysics (xin-er-shang-xue)
  • methodology (method)
  • Ming-Jia
  • Mo-Jia
  • Mo Zi (Mo Tzu) (given name “Di” 470-391 BCE)
  • Mo-Zi (Mo Tzu)
  • Mohism / Mohist (Mo-Jia
  • moral cultivation
  • moral discretion
  • morality
  • Mou Zong-san (Mou Tsung-san) (1909-95)
  • mystical/mysticism
  • N
  • nature/natural
  • naturalism
  • nei-sheng-wai-wang (inner sageliness and outer kingliness)
  • Neo-Confucianism (Song-Ming Confucianism)
  • Neo-Daoism
  • New Confucianism
  • nirvana (enlightenment / emancipation)
  • nominalism
  • O
  • one principle with its many manifestations
  • ontology
  • P
  • perspectivism
  • philosophy / philosophical inquiry (zhe-xue ) and philosophy in China
  • prajna
  • pluralism
  • pragmatic / pragmatism / pragmatics
  • principle
  • Pure-Land Buddhism (Jing-Tu-Zong)
  • Q
  • qi (ch'i)
  • qing (ch'ing) (affections, emotions) and li (principle, rationale)
  • Qing Confucianism
  • quan (ch’üan) (moral discretion)
  • R
  • rationality / rational
  • realism
  • reason
  • rectification of names
  • reference (the issue of reference)
  • ren (jen) (humanity, human-heartedness)
  • righteousness
  • S
  • sage / sage king
  • School of Names (Ming-Jia )
  • self-constitution, at the individual level
  • Self-constitution, at the social level
  • self-cultivation (xiu-shen )
  • self-freedom
  • semantic / semantics
  • Seng Zhao (Seng-chao) (384-414)
  • Shang Yang (real name “Gong-sun Yang” : died 338 BCE)
  • Shao Yong (Shao Yung) (style name “Yao-fu” : 1011-77)
  • Shen Dao (Shen Tao) (c. 350-275 BCE)
  • shi-fei (what is this versus not what is this; being this versus being not this; right/adequate versus wrong/ inadquate)
  • shu
  • Si-Shu (the Four Books)
  • sincerity
  • skepticism
  • Sun Zi (given name “Wu” fourth century BCE)
  • synthesis / synthetic
  • T
  • tai-ji (the great ultimate)
  • Tang Jun-yi (T'ang Chün-i) (1909-78)
  • Three-Treatise (Middle-Way) Buddhism (San-Lun-Zong)
  • tian (t'ien) (heaven; nature-sky-heaven)
  • tian-ming (decrees or mandate of heaven)
  • tian-ren-he-yi (unity of heaven and the human)
  • Tian-Tai (T'ien T'ai) Buddhism
  • transcendence / transcendental
  • truth
  • U
  • ultimate concerns
  • unity of heaven and the human
  • unity of knowledge and action
  • universals
  • utilitarianism
  • V
  • virtue
  • virtue ethics
  • W
  • Wang Bi (Wang Pi) (style name “Fu-si” : 226-249)
  • Wang Chong (Wang Ch'ung) (style name “Zhong-ren” (: 27-97)
  • Wang Fu-zhi (Wang Fu-chih) (style name “Er-nong” alternative name ‘Chuan-shan’ : 1619-92)
  • Wang Guo-wei (Wang Kuo-wei) (style name “Jing-an” : 1877-1927)
  • Wang Shou-ren (Yang-ming) (style name “Bo-an” ; honorific name “Yang-ming” : 1472-1529)
  • Wei-Shi Buddhism
  • “White-Horse-Not-Horse” (bai-ma-fei-ma) thesis
  • world philosophy
  • wu
  • wu-wei (non-action)
  • wu-xing (wu-hsing) (five phases; five powers)
  • X
  • Xi (Ji) Kang (Hsi K'ang) (223-62; is pronounced “ji” in modern Chinese)
  • xiao (hsiao) (filial piety)
  • xin (hsin) (heart-mind or mind-heart)
  • xin-xue (study of mind-heart)
  • xing
  • Xiong Shi-li (Hsiung Shih-li) (alternative name “Zizhen” : 1885-1968)
  • xiu-sheng
  • xu (hsü) (empty/emptiness; vacuous/vacuity)
  • Xuan Zang (Hsüan-tsang) (596-664)
  • Xun Zi (Hsün Tzu) (given name “Kuang” ; style name “Qing” : c. 300-230 BCE)
  • Xun-Zi (Hsün Tsu) (Books of Xun Zi)
  • Y
  • Yan Fu (Yen Fu) (style name “Ji-dao” : 1853-1921)
  • Yan Yuan (Yen Yüan) (style name “Yi-zhi” : 1635-1704)
  • yan-yi-zhi-bian (the debate on the relation between speech and meaning)
  • Yang Zhu (Yang Chu) (fifth century BCE?)
  • Yangism / Yangists
  • yi
  • yi (righteousness)
  • Yi-Jing (I Ching)
  • Yi-Zhuan
  • yin-yang
  • yin-yang metaphysical vision (in the Yi-Jing)
  • yin-yang way of thinking (yin-yang model of interaction and transformation)
  • you (to have, being)
  • you versus wu (being versus non-being)
  • Z
  • Zen Buddhism
  • Zhang Dai-nian (style name “Ji-tong” : 1909-2004)
  • Zhang Dong-sun (Chang Tung-sun) (style name “Sheng-xin” : 1886-1973)
  • Zhang Xue-cheng (Chang Hsüeh-ch'eng) (style name “Shi-zhai” : 1738-1801)
  • Zhang Zai (Chang Tsai) (style name “Zi-hou” honorific name “Heng-qu” : 1020-77)
  • zheng-ming (rectification of names)
  • zhi
  • zhi-xing-he-yi (chih-hsing-ho-i) (unity of knowledge and action)
  • zhong (chung) (sincere commitment; loyalty)
  • Zhong-Yong (Chung Yung) (Doctrine of the Mean or Centrality and Commonality)
  • Zhou Dun-yi (Chou Tun-i) (style name “Mao-shu” honorific name “Lian-xi” : 1017-73)
  • Zhu Xi (Chu Hsi) (style names “Yuan-hui” and “Zhong-hui” : 1130-1200)
  • Zhuang Zi (Chuang Tzu) (given name “Zhou” : 375-300 BCE)
  • Zhuang-Zi (the Chuang Tzu)
  • zi-ran
  • Zou Yan (Tsou Yen) (305-240 BCE)
  • Subject Bibliography: Selected Further Reading
  • Appendix 1: Comparative Chronology of Philosophers
  • Appendix 2: Note on Transcription and Guide to Pronunciation