Modern China

Editor/Author Li, Xiaobing
Publication Year: 2015
Publisher: ABC-CLIO

Single-User Purchase Price: $89.00
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: $133.50
ISBN: 978-1-61-069625-8
Category: Geography
Image Count: 31
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

Written by an author who lived in China for three decades, this encyclopedia addresses key topics regarding China, such as its geography, government, social classes and ethnicities, gender-based identities, arts, media, and food, each followed by short entries related to each topic. All the entries are placed within a broad sociopolitical and socioeconomic contextual framework. The format and writing consistency through the book reflects a Chinese perspective, and allows students to compare Chinese with Western and American views.

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Table of Contents

  • Note on Transliteration
  • Abbreviations
  • Preface
  • Introduction
  • Chapter 1: Geography
  • Overview
  • Climate
  • Disputed Islands and Territories
  • Himalayas
  • Hong Kong
  • Huang (Yellow) River
  • Major Cities
  • Manchuria
  • Natural Resources
  • Pollution and the Environment
  • Population
  • South China Sea
  • Taiwan
  • The Three Gorges Project
  • Tibetan Plateau
  • Transportation and Water Conservancy
  • Xinjiang
  • Yangzi (Yangtze) River
  • Chapter 2: History
  • Overview
  • Timeline
  • Cai Lun and Four Great Inventions
  • Chiang Kai-shek
  • Cixi and the Boxer Rebellion
  • Confucius
  • Deng Xiaoping
  • Genghis Khan and Kublai Khan
  • Han Wudi (Martial Emperor)
  • Hu Jintao
  • Jiang Zemin and Sino-U.S. Relations
  • Kangxi
  • Laozi (Lao-tsu)
  • Lin Zexu and the Opium War
  • Mao Zedong
  • Marco Polo
  • Qin Shihuang (The First Emperor)
  • Sun Yat-sen
  • Sunzi (Sun-tsu)
  • Tang Taizong
  • Terra-Cotta Army
  • Zheng He (Cheng Ho)
  • Chapter 3: Government and Politics
  • Overview
  • Chinese Communist Party (CCP)
  • Civil Rights
  • Constitution
  • Corruption and Punishment
  • Criminal Law
  • Death Penalty
  • First Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC)
  • Human Rights
  • Law Enforcement
  • Li Keqiang
  • Liu Xiaobo
  • National People's Congress (NPC)
  • People's Armed Police (PAP)
  • People's Liberation Army (PLA)
  • Political Dissents
  • Provincial and County Governments
  • Supreme People's Court
  • Xi Jinping
  • Chapter 4: Economy
  • Overview
  • Agriculture
  • Cost Production
  • Energy Industry
  • Exports
  • Financial Institutions
  • Foreign Investment
  • International Trade Policies
  • Joint Ventures
  • Land and Household Policy
  • Manufacturing
  • Migrant Laborers
  • Pirating and Copyright Issues
  • Renminbi and Currency Exchange
  • Reserve and Foreign Debts
  • Service Industry
  • Sino-U.S. Trade and Other Trading Partners
  • State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs)
  • Trade Union and Labor Movement
  • Workplace Safety
  • WTO and Stock Exchanges
  • Chapter 5: Religion and Thought
  • Overview
  • Buddhism
  • Catholicism
  • Christianity
  • Confucianism
  • Dalai Lama
  • Daoism (Taoism)
  • Falun Gong
  • Feng-Shui
  • Islam
  • Underground Churches
  • Chapter 6: Social Class and Ethnicity
  • Overview
  • Aging Population
  • Health Care
  • Major Ethnic Groups
  • Middle Class
  • Mongols
  • Muslims
  • Poverty
  • Retirement and Social Welfare
  • Rural-Urban Conflicts
  • Urban Poor
  • Uyghur
  • Chapter 7: Gender, Marriage, and Sexuality
  • Overview
  • All-China Women's Federation (ACWF)
  • Child Labor
  • Domestic Violence
  • Dowry and Bride-Wealth
  • Family Planning Law
  • Gender Imbalance
  • Gender Inequality
  • Homosexuality
  • Human Trafficking
  • Marriage Law
  • One-Child Policy
  • Selective Abortions
  • Sex Trade
  • Traditional Wedding
  • Chapter 8: Education
  • Overview
  • Elementary and Secondary Education
  • Foreign Exchange Programs
  • National College Entrance Examination (NCEE)
  • Peking (Beijing) University
  • Private vs. Public Education
  • Project 211 and Key Universities
  • Qinghua (Tsing-hua) University
  • Returning Students
  • Chapter 9: Language
  • Overview
  • Chinese Characters
  • Hanyu Pinyin
  • Local Dialects
  • Mandarin
  • Chapter 10: Etiquette
  • Overview
  • Chinese Names
  • Chinese Zodiac
  • Chopsticks
  • Heavenly Stems and Earthly Branches
  • Ketou: Bowing
  • Lunar-Solar Calendar
  • Symbols of Auspice in Tradition
  • Table Manners
  • Chapter 11: Literature and Drama
  • Overview
  • Ancient Mythology
  • Ba Jin
  • A Dream of Red Mansions
  • Fictions of the Ming and Qing Dynasties
  • Guo Moruo
  • Journey to the West
  • Outlaws of the Marsh
  • Peking Opera
  • Romance of Three Kingdoms
  • Tang-Song Poetry
  • Vari-Drama of the Yuan Dynasty
  • Chapter 12: Art and Architecture
  • Overview
  • Chinese Silk and the Silk Road
  • The Great Wall
  • Jade Carving
  • Pagodas, Palaces, and Temples
  • Tang Pottery and Song Porcelain
  • Traditional Chinese Painting
  • Chapter 13: Music and Dance
  • Overview
  • Folk Dance
  • Modern Chinese Dance
  • Traditional Instruments
  • Chapter 14: Food
  • Overview
  • Cantonese Dim Sum
  • Holiday Feasts
  • Hunan and Sichuan Cooking Styles
  • Chapter 15: Leisure and Sports
  • Overview
  • Acupuncture, Moxibustion, and Narcotherapy
  • Alcoholic Beverages
  • Chinese Chess
  • Chinese Herbs and Alternative Medicine
  • Chinese Tea
  • The Game of Go
  • Qi-Gong
  • Tai-Chi Quan
  • 2008 Beijing Olympics
  • Wushu: Martial Arts
  • Chapter 16: Media and Popular Culture
  • Overview
  • Censor System
  • Cyber Policing
  • Freedom of Speech
  • Internet and Social Media
  • Movies and Film Industry
  • National Broadcasting Networks
  • Netizen and Online Guerrilla
  • State-Owned Newspapers
  • Appendix A: A Day in the Life
  • A Day in the Life of a Factory Worker
  • A Day in the Life of a Farmer
  • A Day in the Life of a High School Student
  • A Day in the Life of a Housewife
  • A Day in the Life of a PLA Soldier
  • Appendix B: Glossary of Key Terms
  • Appendix C: Facts and Figures
  • Appendix D: Holidays
  • Selected Bibliography