The Enlightenment: History, Documents, and Key Questions

Editor/Author Burns, William E.
Publication Year: 2015
Publisher: ABC-CLIO

Single-User Purchase Price: $63.00
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: $94.50
ISBN: 978-1-61-069845-0
Category: History - United States -- History
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

The Enlightenment: History, Documents, and Key Questions is a one-stop reference that serves high school and undergraduate students in learning about the background of the Enlightenment. The book also provides readers with key insights into the distant origins of American democracy and technology-based innovation.The text's coverage of the Enlightenment from the late 17th century to the late 18th century in both Europe and its American colonies supports Common Core critical thinking skills for English Language Arts/World History and Social Studies.

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Table of Contents

  • Topical List of Entries
  • How to Use This Book
  • Preface
  • Timeline
  • Historical Overview
  • The Enlightenment: A to Z
  • A
  • ACADEMIES AND LEARNED SOCIETIES
  • ALEMBERT, JEAN LE ROND D'E (1717–1783)
  • AMERICAN REVOLUTION AND FOUNDING
  • ART AND ARCHITECTURE
  • B
  • BECCARIA, CESARE (1738–1794)
  • BIBLE, THE
  • BOOKS, PUBLISHING, AND CENSORSHIP
  • C
  • CALAS CASE
  • CATHERINE II, “THE GREAT,” OF RUSSIA (1729–1796)
  • CHÂTELET, ÉMILIE DU (1706–1749)
  • COLONIALISM
  • CONDORCET, MARIE-JEAN-ANTOINE-NICOLAS CARITAT MARQUIS DE (1743–1794)
  • D
  • DIDEROT, DENIS (1713–1784)
  • E
  • ECONOMICS
  • EDUCATION
  • ENCYCLOPÉDIE
  • ENGLAND, THE ENLIGHTENMENT IN
  • ENLIGHTENMENT VIEWS OF AFRICA AND AFRICANS
  • ENLIGHTENMENT VIEWS OF ASIAN CIVILIZATIONS
  • ENLIGHTENMENT VIEWS OF JEWS AND JUDAISM
  • ENLIGHTENMENT VIEWS OF MUSLIMS AND ISLAM
  • ENLIGHTENMENT VIEWS OF NATIVE AMERICANS
  • F
  • FRANCE, THE ENLIGHTENMENT IN
  • FRANKLIN, BENJAMIN (1705–1790)
  • FREDERICK II, “THE GREAT,” OF PRUSSIA (1712–1786)
  • FREEMASONRY
  • FRENCH REVOLUTION
  • G
  • GENDER
  • GERMANY, THE ENLIGHTENMENT IN
  • GIBBON, EDWARD (1737–1794)
  • H
  • HOLBACH, PAUL HEINRICH DIETRICH BARON D’ (1723–1789)
  • HUME, DAVID (1711–1776)
  • I
  • ITALY, THE ENLIGHTENMENT IN
  • J
  • JESUITS
  • JEWISH ENLIGHTENMENT
  • JOSEPH II, OF AUSTRIA (1741–1790)
  • K
  • KANT, IMMANUEL (1724–1804)
  • L
  • LEIBNIZ, GOTTFRIED WILHELM (1646–1715)
  • LESSING, GOTTHOLD EPHRAIM (1729–1781)
  • LISBON EARTHQUAKE
  • LITERATURE
  • LOCKE, JOHN (1632–1704)
  • M
  • MENDELSSOHN, MOSES (1729–1786)
  • MONTESQUIEU, CHARLES-LOUIS DE SECONDAT BARON DE (1689–1755)
  • N
  • NATURE
  • NEWTON, ISAAC (1642–1727)
  • P
  • PAINE, THOMAS (1737–1809)
  • POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY
  • POMBAL, SEBASTIÃ;O JOSÉ DE CARVALHO E MELO, 1ST MARQUIS OF (1699–1782)
  • PRIESTLEY, JOSEPH (1733–1804)
  • R
  • RELIGION
  • ROUSSEAU, JEAN-JACQUES (1712–1778)
  • S
  • SALONS
  • SCIENCE
  • SCOTLAND, THE ENLIGHTENMENT IN
  • SEX
  • SLAVERY
  • SMITH, ADAM (1723–1790)
  • SPINOZA, BARUCH (1632–1677)
  • T
  • THEATER
  • V
  • VOLTAIRE (1694–1778)
  • Primary Documents
  • Baruch Spinoza: “On the Nature and Origin of the Emotions,” from Ethics (1677)
  • John Locke: “Of the Beginnings of Political Societies,” from Second Treatise on Civil Government (1689)
  • Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz: The Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence (1717)
  • Montesquieu: “On Monarchies,” from The Spirit of the Laws (1748)
  • David Hume: An Enquiry into the Principles of Morals (1751)
  • Denis Diderot: “Enjoyment” (Jouissance), from the Encyclopédie (1751–1765)
  • Rousseau: From Discourse on the Origin of Inequality (1755)
  • Adam Smith: From The Theory of Moral Sentiments (1759)
  • Voltaire: “Ancients and Moderns,” from Philosophical Dictionary (1764)
  • Cesare Beccaria: From On Crimes and Punishments (1764)
  • Catherine the Great: From Instructions to the Legislative Commission (1767)
  • Edward Gibbon: From The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (1776)
  • The Declaration of Independence (1776)
  • Immanuel Kant: From What Is Enlightenment? (1784)
  • Thomas Paine: From The Age of Reason, Part II (1795)
  • Key Questions
  • Question 1: Was There an Enlightenment for Women?
  • Question 2: Was the Enlightenment Secular?
  • Question 3: Was the Enlightenment Democratic?
  • Selected Annotated Bibliography
  • About the Author and Contributors