Earth's Landscape: An Encyclopedia of the World's Geographic Features

Editor/Author Quinn, Joyce A. and Woodward, Susan L.
Publication Year: 2015
Publisher: ABC-CLIO

Single-User Purchase Price: $205.00
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: $307.50
ISBN: 978-1-61-069445-2
Category: Geography
Image Count: 100
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

With Earth undergoing rapid environmental change, students and the general public alike should be knowledgeable about the world's geographic features. This authoritative reference describes continents and oceans; individual mountains, islands, caves, and rivers; and ecological entities such as wildlife refuges and national parks. Each entry provides a geographic overview of the feature's significance, location, description, geologic history, biota, protected areas, and environmental issues.

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Table of Contents

  • List of Entries by Geographic Location
  • Preface
  • Introduction
  • Abbreviations Used
  • A–L
  • AZ
  • Acadia National Park and Cadillac Mountain
  • Aconcagua
  • Adirondack Mountains and Mount Marcy
  • Aegean Sea
  • Aeolian Islands
  • Afar Triangle and Danakil Depression
  • Africa
  • African Rainforest
  • Aggtelek and Slovak Karst
  • Aleutian Islands
  • Altai Mountains
  • Altar Desert (Gran Desierto de Altar)
  • Altiplano-Puna
  • Amazon Rainforest
  • Amazon River
  • Amur River System
  • Anatolian Plateau
  • Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  • Andes Mountains
  • Angel Falls
  • Antarctic Islands
  • Antarctic Peninsula
  • Antarctica
  • Apennine Mountains
  • Appalachian Mountains
  • Arabian Peninsula
  • Arabian Sea
  • Aral Sea
  • Aran Islands
  • Arches National Park
  • Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
  • Arctic Ocean
  • Ascension Island
  • Ashfall Fossil Beds State Historical Park
  • Asia
  • Atacama Desert
  • Atlantic Forest (Mata Atlântica)
  • Atlantic Ocean
  • Atlas Mountains
  • Australia
  • Azores Archipelago
  • B
  • Badlands National Park
  • Baffin Island
  • The Bahamas
  • Baja California Peninsula
  • Baltic Sea
  • Basin and Range Physiographic Province
  • Bay of Bengal
  • Bay of Fundy
  • Belize Barrier Reef
  • Ben Nevis
  • Bering Sea
  • Bering Strait and Bering Land Bridge
  • Bermuda
  • Bialowieza Primeval Forest
  • Bioluminescent Bays
  • Black Forest and Vosges
  • Black Hills
  • Black Sea and Sea of Azov
  • Brahmaputra (Tsangpo) River
  • Brazilian Highlands
  • Bryce Canyon National Park
  • C
  • Caatinga
  • Calvert Cliffs
  • Cambrian Mountains
  • Canadian Arctic Archipelago
  • Canary Islands
  • Cantabrian Mountains
  • Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard, and Nantucket
  • Cape Horn (Cabo de Hornos)
  • Cape May National Wildlife Refuge
  • Cape Verde Islands
  • Caribbean Sea
  • Carlsbad Caverns and Guadalupe Mountains
  • Caroline Islands
  • Carpathian Beech Forests
  • Carpathian Mountains
  • Cascade Mountains
  • Casiquiare River
  • Caspian Sea
  • Catskill Mountains
  • Caucasus Mountains
  • Cave of the Crystals (Cueva de los Cristales)
  • Central American Isthmus
  • Central Asian Deserts—Karakum and Kyzylkum
  • Central Valley of Chile
  • Cerrado
  • Chang Jiang (Yangtze River)
  • Chapada Diamantina
  • Chesapeake Bay
  • Chevé Cave System (Sistema Chevé)
  • Chicxulub Crater
  • Chihuahuan Desert
  • Chiloé Island, the Chonos Archipelago, and the Valdivian Temperate Rainforest
  • Chimborazo
  • Chitwan National Park
  • Chocó
  • Cockpit Country
  • Colima Volcano (Volcán Colima de Fuego)
  • Colorado Plateau
  • Colorado River System
  • Columbia Icefield
  • Columbia Plateau
  • Columbia River
  • Comoros Islands
  • Congo River
  • Copper Canyon (Barrancas del Cobre)
  • Coral Sea
  • Crater Lake
  • D
  • Dakota Prairie National Grasslands
  • Danube River
  • Dasht-e-Kavir Desert and Dasht-e-Lut Desert
  • Dead Sea
  • Dean's Blue Hole
  • Death Valley National Park
  • Deccan Plateau
  • Devils Postpile National Monument
  • Devils Tower National Monument
  • Dinaric Alps
  • Dinosaur National Monument
  • Dinosaur Provincial Park
  • Dolomites
  • Don River
  • Doñana Wetlands
  • Drakensberg Mountains
  • Driftless Area
  • E
  • East China Sea
  • Easter Island (Rapa Nui)
  • Ebro River
  • Ediacara Hills
  • Edwards-Trinity Aquifer System
  • El Chichón
  • El Tatio Geyser Field
  • El Zacatón Cenote
  • Elbe River
  • English Channel
  • Ethiopian Highlands
  • Etosha Pan
  • Europe
  • European Alps
  • Everglades National Park and Big Cypress Swamp
  • F
  • Falkland (Malvinas) Islands
  • Faroe Islands
  • Fernando de Noronha Archipelago
  • Fiji Islands
  • Finger Lakes
  • Finnish Lakeland
  • Fjords of Chile; Patagonian and Magellanic Temperate Rainforests
  • Florida Karst
  • Florida Keys
  • Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument
  • Franz Josef Land (Zemlya Frantsa Iosifa)
  • Fraser Island
  • Fraser River
  • French Polynesia
  • Fynbos
  • G
  • Galápagos Islands
  • Ganges River
  • Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve
  • Giant's Causeway
  • Gilbert Islands, Phoenix Islands, and Line Islands
  • Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve
  • Gobi Desert
  • Gondwana Rainforests
  • Gran Chaco
  • Gran Sabana
  • Grand Banks
  • Grand Canyon
  • Grand Teton National Park
  • Great Artesian Basin
  • Great Barrier Reef
  • Great Basin National Park
  • Great Bear Lake and Great Slave Lake
  • Great Dismal Swamp
  • Great Dividing Range
  • Great Lakes
  • Great Salt Lake
  • Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve
  • Great Victoria Desert
  • Greater Antilles
  • Greater Sunda Islands
  • Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem
  • Greenland
  • Greenland Sea
  • Guácharo Cave (Cueva del Guácharo)
  • Guanabara Bay
  • Guiana Shield and Its Tepuis
  • Gulf of California (Sea of Cortez)
  • Gulf of Guinea Islands
  • Gulf of Mexico
  • Gulf Stream and North Atlantic Current
  • Gunung Mulu National Park
  • H
  • Ha Long Bay
  • Hardangervidda
  • Hawaiian Islands and Seamounts
  • Hebrides
  • High Coast—Kvarken Archipelago
  • Himalayan Mountains
  • Hindu Kush Mountains
  • Hot Springs Mammoth Site
  • Huang He (Yellow River)
  • Huangtu (Loess) Plateau
  • Hudson Bay
  • Hudson River
  • Humboldt Current
  • I
  • Ice Age National Scenic Trail
  • Iceland
  • Iguazu Falls (Iguassu Falls, Foz do Iguaçu, Cataratas del Iguazú)
  • Ilulissat Icefjord
  • Indian Ocean
  • Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore
  • Indus River
  • Isalo National Park
  • Ischigualasto and Talampaya Natural Parks
  • Isthmus of Tehuantepec
  • Itaimbézinho and Fortaleza Canyons
  • J
  • Jan Mayen
  • Joggins Fossil Cliffs
  • Jordan River
  • Juan Fernández Islands
  • Jura Mountains
  • K
  • The Kalahari
  • Kamchatka Peninsula
  • Karakoram Mountains
  • The Karoo
  • Katmai National Park and Preserve
  • Kenai Fjords National Park
  • Kerguelen Islands (Desolation Islands)
  • Khyber Pass
  • The Kimberley
  • Kruger National Park
  • Kunlun Shan
  • L
  • Lake Atitlán (Lago de Atitlán)
  • Lake Baikal
  • Lake Chad
  • Lake Eyre Basin and Lake Eyre
  • Lake Geneva
  • Lake Malawi (Lake Nyasa)
  • Lake Maracaibo
  • Lake Natron
  • Lake Nicaragua (Cocibolca or Mar Dulce)
  • Lake Poopó (Lago Poopó)
  • Lake Tanganyika
  • Lake Titicaca
  • Lake Turkana
  • Lake Victoria
  • Lake Vostok
  • Lascaux and Other Dordogne Valley and Vezere Valley Caves
  • Lassen Volcanic National Park
  • Lava Beds National Monument and Modoc Plateau
  • Lena River
  • Lesser Antilles
  • Lesser Sunda Islands
  • Limpopo River
  • The Llanos
  • Llanos de Mojos (Llanos de Moxos)
  • Loch Ness and the Great Glen
  • Lofoten–Vesterålen Archipelago
  • Los Azufres Geothermal Field
  • Lost City Hydrothermal Field
  • M–Z
  • M
  • Mackenzie River
  • Madagascar
  • Madeira Archipelago
  • Makgadikgadi Pans
  • Maldives
  • Mammoth Cave
  • Manú National Park
  • Mariana Islands Archipelago
  • Mariana Trench
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mascarene Islands
  • Masoala National Park
  • Massif Central
  • Matterhorn
  • McMurdo Dry Valleys and Their Lakes
  • Mediterranean Sea
  • Mekong River
  • Menabe Antimena Protected Area
  • Mesopotamia, Tigris River, and Euphrates River
  • Meteor Crater
  • Meteora
  • Mexican Plateau (Mexican Altiplano)
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge
  • Miskito Coast (La Mosquitia)
  • Mississippi River System
  • Missouri River System
  • Mojave Desert
  • Mono Lake
  • Mont Blanc Massif
  • Monte Desert
  • Monte San Giorgio
  • Monteverde Cloud Forest Biological Reserve (Reserva Biológica Bosque Nuboso Monteverde)
  • Monturaqui Crater
  • Monument Valley
  • Mount Cameroon
  • Mount Erebus
  • Mount Etna
  • Mount Everest
  • Mount Fuji
  • Mount Kenya
  • Mount Kilimanjaro
  • Mount McKinley and Denali National Park and Preserve
  • Mount Monadnock
  • Mount Olympus
  • Mount Pelée (Montagne Pelée)
  • Mount Pinatubo
  • Mount Rainier
  • Mount Roraima
  • Mount Saint Helens
  • Mount Vesuvius
  • Mount Washington and the Presidential Range
  • Mount Whitney
  • Murray–Darling River System
  • Mylodon Cave (Cueva del Milodón)
  • N
  • Namib Desert
  • Nebraska Sandhills
  • Nevado del Ruiz
  • Nevado Ojos del Salado
  • New Guinea
  • New Zealand
  • Newberry National Volcanic Monument
  • Newfoundland
  • Ngorongoro Crater
  • Niagara Falls
  • Niger River
  • Nile River
  • North America
  • North Sea
  • Novaya Zemlya Archipelago
  • Nullarbor Plain
  • O
  • Ob–Irtysh River System
  • Ogallala Aquifer
  • Ohio River System
  • Okavango Delta
  • Olympic Peninsula and Olympic Mountains
  • Orange River (Gariep River)
  • Orinoco River
  • Orkney Islands
  • Outer Banks
  • P
  • Pacific Ocean
  • Pamirs
  • The Pampas
  • Pamukkale
  • The Pantanal
  • Páramo
  • Paraná Plateau
  • Paricutín
  • Patagonian Ice Fields
  • Patagonian Plateau
  • Patos Lagoon (Lagoa dos Patos)
  • Peloponnesus
  • Persian Gulf
  • The Petén
  • Philippine Islands
  • Pico de Orizaba (Citlatépetl)
  • The Pilbara
  • Plitvice Lakes National Park
  • Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl
  • Prince Edward Islands
  • Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park
  • Puget Sound
  • Puna (Vegetation)
  • Pyrenees Mountains
  • Q
  • Qattara Depression
  • R
  • Rancho La Brea Tar Pits
  • Red Sea
  • Redwood National and State Parks
  • Rhine River
  • Rhone–Saone River System
  • Río de la Plata
  • Rio Grande (Rio Bravo del Norte)
  • Rocky Mountains
  • Ross Ice Shelf
  • Ross Sea
  • Rupununi Savanna
  • Rwenzori Mountains
  • S
  • The Sahara
  • The Sahel
  • Saint Helena
  • Saint Lawrence River (Rivière Saint-Laurent)
  • Salar de Uyuni and Salar de Atacama
  • Samoan Islands
  • San Andreas Fault System
  • São Francisco River
  • Sargasso Sea
  • Saryarka—Steppe and Lakes of Northern Kazakhstan
  • Sea of Japan (East Sea)
  • The Sechura and Peruvian Deserts
  • Serengeti Plain and Maasai Mara
  • Seychelles
  • Shark Bay
  • Shetland Islands
  • Ship Rock
  • Sierra Madre del Sur
  • Sierra Madre Occidental
  • Sierra Madre Oriental
  • Sierra Nevada
  • Sinai Peninsula
  • Snake River
  • Snake River Plain
  • Socotra Archipelago
  • Solomon Islands Archipelago
  • Sonoran Desert
  • Soufrière Hills Volcano
  • South America
  • South China Karst
  • South China Sea
  • South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
  • Southern Ocean
  • Spiny Forest
  • Strait of Gibraltar
  • Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, and Drake Passage
  • The Sudd
  • Sundarbans
  • Surtsey
  • Svalbard Archipelago
  • Swedish Lakeland
  • T
  • Talamanca Range
  • Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve
  • Tarim Basin and Takla Makan Desert
  • Tasman Sea
  • Tasmania
  • Thar Desert
  • Tian Shan
  • Tibesti Mountains
  • Tibetan Plateau
  • Tierra del Fuego
  • Tongass National Forest
  • Torres del Paine
  • Trans-Mexican Volcanic Axis (Eje Volcánico Transversal)
  • Tristan da Cunha and Gough Island
  • Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park
  • Tubbataha Reef National Marine Park
  • Turpan Depression
  • U
  • Uluru/Ayers Rock
  • Ural Mountains
  • V
  • Venice Lagoon
  • Victoria Falls (Mosi-oa-Tunya)
  • Virgin Islands
  • Virunga Mountains
  • Vizcaino Whale Sanctuary
  • Volcanic Highlands of Central America
  • Volga River
  • Vredefort Structure (Vredefort Dome)
  • W
  • Wadden Sea
  • Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley)
  • Walcott Quarry
  • Waterton–Glacier International Peace Park
  • West Norwegian Fjords—Geirangerfjord and Nærøyfjord
  • Western Ghats
  • Western Madagascar Wetlands
  • White Sands
  • Wrangel Island
  • X
  • Xi (Pearl) River System
  • Y
  • Yenisey–Angara River System
  • Yosemite National Park
  • Yucatán Peninsula
  • Yukon River
  • Z
  • Zagros Mountains
  • Zambezi River
  • Zapata Swamp (Ciénega de Zapata)
  • Zion National Park
  • Appendix 1: The Highest, Lowest, Biggest, Deepest Places: “Top Tens” and Other Global Comparisons
  • Appendix 2: Opposing Viewpoints: Issues Related to Natural Features
  • Appendix 3: Activities and Discussion Questions
  • Glossary
  • Recommended Resources
  • About the Authors