Contemporary World Issues: Cloning: A Reference Handbook

Editor/Author Newton, David E.
Publication Year: 2015
Publisher: ABC-CLIO

Single-User Purchase Price: $60.00
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: $90.00
ISBN: 978-1-61-069693-7
Category: Science - Biology
Image Count: 7
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

Cloning: A Reference Handbook provides an accessible description of the development of plant and animal cloning from the early stages of human civilization to the present day and coherently covers the science and technology involved. It reviews the essential controversies that have arisen about cloning-particularly applications involving human DNA-as researchers have advanced and extended the tools for cloning organisms.

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Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • 1 Background and History
  • Cloning in Nature
  • Cloning in Horticulture: Field Methods
  • Plant Tissue Cell Cultures
  • Animal Cloning
  • Onward and Upward
  • A Timeline of Cloned Species
  • 1963
  • 1986
  • 1996
  • Post-Dolly
  • Another Approach to Cloning
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 2 Problems, Controversies, and Solutions
  • Developments in Stem Cell Research
  • Advantages of Plant Cloning
  • Inefficiency of Natural Reproduction
  • Efficiency of Cloning
  • Perpetuation of a Type of Plant
  • Elimination of Viruses and Other Plant Defects
  • Better Commercial Products
  • Disadvantages of Plant Cloning
  • Some Applications of Cloning Procedures
  • Reproductive Cloning (Nonhuman)
  • Pet Cloning
  • Cloning of Endangered Species
  • Cloning of Extinct Species
  • Human Reproductive Cloning
  • Therapeutic Cloning
  • Cloning Laws and Legislation
  • State Laws
  • International Policies
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 3 Perspectives
  • Introduction
  • Should We Clone Dinosaurs?: Sandy Becker
  • Should Breed Registries Accept Clones?: Ryan Bell
  • Cloning Can Turn Yeast into a Painkiller Factory: Maria Costanzo
  • Cloning for Liver Transplantation: Gina Hagler
  • Extinct Species Should Not Be Resurrected: Phill Jones
  • Animal Cloning: Yoo Jung Kim
  • Cloning for Species Salvation: Why Not?: Pasqualino Loi and Grazyna Ptak
  • Animal Welfare Concerns about Cloning: Crystal Miller-Spiegel
  • Can Cloning Save the Honeybee?: Jeremy Summers
  • 4 Profiles
  • Introduction
  • Alliance for Regenerative Medicine
  • American Anti-Vivisection Society
  • Americans for Cures Foundation
  • The Americans to Ban Cloning Coalition
  • Biotechnology Industry Organization
  • Brigitte Boisselier (1956–)
  • Robert W. Briggs (1911–1983)
  • The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity
  • Center for Food Safety
  • Compassion in World Farming
  • Council for Responsible Genetics
  • Diana DeGette (1957–)
  • Jay Dickey (1939–)
  • Hans Driesch (1867–1941)
  • Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (Embrapa)
  • Martin Evans (1941–)
  • John D. Gearhart
  • The Genetics Policy Institute
  • John Gurdon (1933–)
  • Gottlieb Haberlandt (1854–1945)
  • Hwang Woo-suk (1953–)
  • Thomas J. King Jr. (1921–2000)
  • The Long Now Foundation
  • Hans Spemann (1869–1941)
  • James Thomson (1958–)
  • Dizhou Tong (1902–1979)
  • U.S. Food and Drug Administration
  • Ian Wilmut (1944–)
  • Shinya Yamanaka (1962–)
  • 5 Data and Documents
  • Introduction
  • Data
  • Table 5.1 National Institutes of Health Stem Cell Research Funding, FY 2002–2013, in millions of dollars
  • Table 5.2 Funding for Stem Cell Research, State of California, as of December 2012
  • Table 5.3 Characteristics of Food Products from Cloned and Noncloned Farm Animals
  • Documents
  • Dickey Amendment (Public Law 104-99; 1996)
  • European Union Resolution on Human Cloning (1998)
  • Issues Raised by Human Cloning Research (2001)
  • Benefits of Human Reproductive Cloning (2002)
  • Therapeutic versus Reproductive Cloning (2002)
  • North Dakota Law on Cloning: Chapter 12.1–39: Human Cloning (2004)
  • United Nations Resolution on Human Cloning, 59/280 (2005)
  • Maryland Stem Cell Research Fund (2006)
  • Cloned Food Labeling Act, H.R. 992, 110th Congress (2007)
  • Guidance for Industry: Use of Animal Clones and Clone Progeny for Human Food and Animal Feed (2008)
  • European Union Policy on Cloning of Animals for Food Supply (2008)
  • Montana Law on Cloning (2009)
  • Sherley v. Sebelius (704 F. Supp. 2d 63, 2010)
  • Sherley v. Sebelius (644 F. 3d 388, 2011)
  • Human Cloning Prohibition Act of 2012, H.R. 6623 (2012)
  • Abraham & Veneklasen, et al. v. American Quarter Horse Association (2:12-cv-00103, 2013)
  • Stem Cell Research Advancement Act of 2013, H.R. 2433 (2013)
  • 6 Resources for Further Research
  • 7 Chronology
  • Glossary