OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

Editor: OECD
Publication Year: 2016
Publisher: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development

Price: Core Collection Only
ISBN: 978-9-26-426305-5
Category: Science
Image Count: 60
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

This biennial publication aims to inform policy makers and analysts on recent and future changes in global science, technology and innovation (STI) patterns and their potential implications on and for national and international STI policies. Based on the most recent data available, the report provides comparative analysis of new policies and instruments being used in OECD countries and a number of major emerging economies (including Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, the Russian Federation and South Africa) to boost the contribution of science and innovation to growth and to global and social challenges.

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Table of Contents

  • About this Book
  • Foreword
  • Acknowledgements
  • Acronyms
  • Executive summary
  • Chapter 1. Megatrends affecting science, technology and innovation
  • Introduction to Megatrends affecting science, technology and innovation
  • Demography
  • Natural resources and energy
  • Climate change and environment
  • Globalisation
  • Role of governments
  • Economy, jobs and productivity
  • Society
  • Health, inequality and well-being
  • Concluding remarks
  • Chapter 2. Future technology trends
  • Introduction to Future technology trends
  • The Internet of Things
  • Big data analytics
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Neurotechnologies
  • Nano/microsatellites
  • Nanomaterials
  • Additive manufacturing
  • Advanced energy storage technologies
  • Synthetic biology
  • Blockchain
  • Concluding remarks
  • ANNEX 2.A1 Foresight exercises mapped in this Chapter
  • ANNEX 2.A2 Foresight studies mapping by main technology area
  • Chapter 3. The future of science systems
  • Introduction to The future of science systems
  • 3.1. What resources will be dedicated to public research?
  • 3.2. Who will fund public research?
  • 3.3. What public research will be performed and why?
  • 3.4. Who will perform public research?
  • 3.5. How will public research be performed?
  • 3.6. What will public research careers look like?
  • 3.7. What outputs and impacts will be expected of public research?
  • 3.8. What will public research policy and governance look like?
  • Recent trends in national science and innovation policies
  • Key messages
  • Introduction: the legacy of recent years
  • 4.1. Overview of the STIP survey results
  • 4.2. The drivers of growth and innovation have weakened
  • 4.3. Escaping the slow growth trap and strengthening economic growth
  • 4.4. Reorienting public research
  • 4.5. Broadening the skills and culture for innovation
  • 4.6. Improving policy governance