Water Treatment: Theory and Practice

Editor/Author Sengupta, Sukalyan
Publication Year: 2016
Publisher: Momentum Press

Single-User Purchase Price: $65.00
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: $97.50
ISBN: 978-1-60-650572-4
Category: Science - Marine sciences
Image Count: 25
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

This book intends to encourage the reader to think beyond a series of treatment operations to a holistic understanding of water balance, demand and supply, and sustainability.

Share this

Table of Contents

  • LIST OF FIGURES
  • LIST OF TABLES
  • PREFACE
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • 1. CHEMICAL CONCEPTS
  • Preamble
  • 1.1 Concentration
  • 1.1.1 Molar Concentration
  • 1.1.2 Equivalent Concentration
  • 1.2 Chemical Equilibrium
  • 1.2.1 Henry's Law
  • 1.2.2 Acid and Base Dissociation Constant
  • 1.2.3 Solubility Product
  • 1.2.4 Alkalinity
  • References
  • 2. REACTION KINETICS
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Stoichiometry and Reaction Rate
  • 2.3 Order of Reaction and Specific Rate Constant
  • 2.4 Types of Reactions
  • 2.4.1 Consecutive Reactions
  • 2.4.2 Equilibrium Constant
  • Reference
  • 3. REACTORS
  • 3.1 Sequencing Batch Reactor
  • 3.2 Continuously Stirred Tank Reactor
  • 3.2.1 CSTRs in Series (Cascade)
  • 3.3 Plug Flow Reactor
  • 3.4 Dispersion Model
  • References
  • 4. GROUNDWATER TREATMENT
  • 4.1 Aeration
  • 4.1.1 Kinetics
  • 4.1.2 Cascade Aeration
  • 4.2 Softening
  • 4.2.1 Hardness
  • 4.2.1.1 Total, Carbonate, and Non-carbonate Hardness
  • 4.2.2 Lime Soda Softening
  • 4.2.2.1 Softening Reactions
  • 4.3 Iron and Manganese Removal
  • References
  • 5. SURFACE WATER TREATMENT
  • 5.1 Coagulation
  • 5.1.1 Coagulant Dose Determination
  • 5.1.2 Design of A Coagulation Chamber
  • 5.2 Flocculation
  • 5.3 Sedimentation
  • 5.3.1 Type I Sedimentation
  • 5.3.2 Particle Removal in a Horizontal Sedimentation Tank
  • 5.3.3 Type II Sedimentation
  • 5.4 Filtration
  • 5.4.1 Hydraulics of Filtration
  • 5.5 Disinfection
  • 5.5.1 The “CT” Concept
  • 5.5.2 Chlorine/Ammonia Reactions
  • References
  • 6. WATER TREATMENT PLANT RESIDUALS MANAGEMENT
  • 6.1 Physical, Chemical, and Biological Properties of Residuals
  • 6.2 Specific Gravity of Sludge
  • 6.2.1 Density of Sludge
  • 6.2.2 Volume of Sludge
  • 6.3 Management of Coagulation Sludge
  • 6.4 Management of Lime Soda Softening Sludge
  • 6.5 Management of Residual Sludges
  • 6.5.1 Thickening
  • 6.5.1.1 Gravity Thickening
  • 6.5.1.2 Flotation Thickening
  • 6.5.2 Conditioning
  • 6.5.3 Dewatering
  • 6.5.3.1 Sand Drying Beds
  • 6.5.3.2 Solar Drying Beds
  • 6.5.3.3 Dewatering Lagoons
  • 6.5.3.4 Vacuum Filters
  • 6.5.3.5 Belt Filter Presses
  • 6.5.3.6 Centrifuges
  • 6.6 Resource Recovery
  • 6.7 Final Disposal
  • References
  • 7. NEW TECHNOLOGIES
  • 7.1 Adsorption
  • 7.1.1 Adsorption Isotherm
  • 7.1.1.1 Langmuir Model
  • 7.1.1.2 Freundlich Model
  • 7.2 Membrane Technologies
  • 7.2.1 Microfiltration
  • 7.2.2 Ultrafiltration
  • 7.2.3 Nanofiltration
  • 7.2.4 Reverse Osmosis
  • References
  • AUTHOR BIOGRAPHY