Responses to Disasters and Climate Change

Editors: Companion, Michele and Chaiken, Miriam S.
Publication Year: 2017
Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 978-1-498-76096-6
Category: Social Sciences - Contemporary Issues & Controversies
Image Count: 19
Book Status: Pending
Predicted Release Month: June 2017
Table of Contents

This book uses case studies from around the globe to demonstrate ways that communities have fostered resilience to mitigate the impacts of climate change.

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Table of Contents

  • List of Figures
  • List of Tables
  • Editors
  • Contributors
  • Introduction
  • SECTION I Methodology, Policy, and Early Warning Systems
  • Methodological Strategies and Early Warning Systems
  • Chapter 1 Vulnerability and Resilience to Climate Change in a Rural Coastal Community - Katherine J. Johnson, Brian A. Needelman, and Michael Paolisso
  • Introduction
  • Deal Island Peninsula Vulnerability to Climate Change
  • Expected Environmental Change
  • The Deal Island Marsh and Community Project
  • A Socioecological Systems Framework
  • Collaborative Learning
  • Network of Stakeholders
  • Collaborative Science Approach
  • Results: A More Nuanced Understanding of Vulnerability and Resilience
  • Lessons Learned and Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 2 The Story of Rising Voices: Facilitating Collaboration between Indigenous and Western Ways of Knowing - Julie Maldonado, Heather Lazrus, Shiloh-Kay Bennett, Karletta Chief, Carla May Dhillon, Bob Gough, Linda Kruger, Jeff Morisette, Stefan Petrovic, and Kyle Powys Whyte
  • Background
  • Boundary Organizations
  • Agency–Tribal Engagement
  • Ethical and Cultural Protocols for Collaborations
  • Cultural and Generational Diversity
  • Evaluation
  • Outcomes and Challenges
  • “We’re All in the Same Canoe”: Recommendations Flowing from Rising Voices
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 3 Youth-Based Learning in Disaster Risk Reduction Education: Barriers and Bridges to Promote Resilience - Victor Marchezini and Rachel Trajber
  • Introduction
  • Challenges of People-Centered EWS
  • Research Methods
  • Findings
  • Top–Down Barrier
  • Distrust of Authorities: An Obstacle for Change
  • Disaster Risk Education as a Bridge
  • Windows of Opportunities: Youth, Citizen Science, and Crowdsourcing
  • Education and Local Actions toward Resilience: Some Lessons Learned
  • References
  • Chapter 4 Household Response to Flash Flooding in the United States and India: A Comparative Study of the 2013 Colorado and Uttarakhand Disasters - Hao-Che Wu, Sudha Arlikatti, Andrew Prelog, and Clayton Wukich
  • Introduction
  • Theoretical Framework and Research Questions
  • Background and Methodology
  • Hazard Settings
  • Site and Sample Selection
  • Respondent Demographics
  • Measures
  • Data Analysis
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Appendix
  • Chapter 5 Traditional and Contemporary Social Safety Nets in Rural Mozambique - Miriam S. Chaiken
  • Introduction
  • Formative Research and Programs in Nampula Province
  • Research Methods
  • Interviews and Themes
  • Early Program Implementation
  • Farmers’ Groups
  • Mothers’ Groups
  • Successive Program Implementation: Building Additional Community-Based Groups
  • Possible Next Steps
  • References
  • Appendix: Check Sheet of Indicators for Community-Based Early Warning Systems
  • Policy, Evaluation, and “Best Practice” Models
  • Chapter 6 Accessing Disaster Recovery Resource Information: Reliance on Social Capital in the Aftermath of Hurricane Sandy - Jason D. Rivera
  • Introduction
  • Hurricane Sandy and New Jersey
  • FEMA’s Response and Information Dissemination Strategies
  • Methods
  • Analysis
  • Lessons Learned
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 7 Lessons Learned from Evaluating a Capacity-Building Initiative to Foster Climate Change Adaptation, Mitigation, and Resilience - Mary Ann Castle, Norma Tan, and James LaGro, Jr.
  • Introduction, Background, and Context
  • Fostering Local Level CCMAR through a Capacity-Building Initiative
  • Evaluation Research Methodology
  • Questions and Approach
  • Data Collection
  • Testing the ToC
  • Identifying Process Indicators and Environmental Outcome Metrics
  • Evaluation Findings
  • Early Indicators of Success
  • Developing Trust through Continuous, Reciprocal Learning
  • Evaluating Capacity-Building Outcomes: The Big Picture
  • NGO’s Role in Continuing to Build Capacity by Sharing and Coordinating Knowledge and Resources across Networks
  • Recommendations
  • Team Selection and Preparation
  • Conceptualizing a ToC to Guide Action Research and Evaluation
  • Helping Local Teams Develop and Communicate Their ToC
  • Providing Leadership for Collaborative Fundraising
  • Discussion and Lessons Learned
  • Lesson 1: Participation Matters
  • Lesson 2: Leadership Matters
  • Lesson 3: Evidence Matters
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 8 Let’s Talk Oil Spill Risk: Lessons Learned from Coastal Communities in British Columbia, Canada - Shona V.Z. de Jong
  • Introduction
  • Background
  • Enbridge Northern Gateway Project and the Crown’s Objectives
  • Duty to Consult in British Columbia
  • Northwest Coast (South of 60° North Latitude)
  • Methods
  • Crown’s Interests, First Nations’ Territory, and Disaster Risk Management
  • Technical and Experiential Knowledge
  • Science-Based Knowledge
  • Seeing Value: Lessons Learned
  • References
  • Chapter 9 Imagining Culture: The Politics of Culturally Sensitive Reconstruction and Resilience Building in Post–Wenchuan Earthquake China - Qiaoyun Zhang and Roberto E. Barrios
  • Introduction
  • Research Methods
  • The Culture Concept
  • “Culture,” Earthquakes, and Development
  • Cultural Reconstruction as State Policy
  • “Culturally Sensitive” Reconstruction of Dongmen Village
  • Physical Transformation of Dongmen
  • Political Representation of the Cultural Heritage
  • Rebuilding Local Industry through Tourism
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 10 The Shared Vulnerability and Resiliency of the Fukushima Animals and Their Rescuers - Seven Mattes
  • Introduction
  • Literature Review
  • Human–Animal Relationships
  • Companion Animals in Disasters
  • Methods and Informants
  • Findings
  • Vulnerability of Animal Rescuers
  • Animal Vulnerability
  • Building Resiliency
  • Carrying Capacity
  • Pet-Friendly Shelters
  • Volunteer Infrastructure
  • Spay/Neuter and Microchipping
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • SECTION II Impacts on Resilience and Vulnerability
  • Food Security and Livelihoods
  • Chapter 11 Understanding Child Nutrition Preservation after an Extreme Weather Event Disaster: Lessons from Tropical Storm Ketsana and Typhoon Parma (2009) in the Philippines - Erlidia F. Llamas-Clark and Cathy Banwell
  • Introduction
  • EWEs in 2009: Tropical Storm Ketsana and Typhoon Parma
  • Understanding the Impacts of EWEs on Child Undernutrition
  • Methods
  • Survey of District IV of Laguna Province, Philippines
  • KI Interviews
  • Results and Discussion
  • During the Flood (Disaster Phase): Staying at Home
  • After the Flood (Response and Recovery Phases)
  • Maintaining Nutrition and Preventing Disease
  • Provision of Safe and Clean Drinking Water
  • Sanitation and Waste Disposal
  • Evacuation Centers
  • Aid and Support
  • Food and Nutrition Security Concerns
  • After the Flood (Rehabilitation Phase)
  • Livelihood and Entrepreneurship
  • Feeding Programs and Other Nutrition-Related Projects
  • Barriers to the Health and Nutrition Program
  • Postflood Disaster Prevention and Nutrition Preservation
  • Best Practices/Lessons Learned
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 12 Food Insecurity and Health Disparity Synergisms: Reframing a Praxis of Anthropology and Public Health for Displaced Populations in the United States - Preety Gadhoke and Barrett P. Brenton
  • Introduction
  • World Food Systems Crises
  • Background
  • Rights-Based Approaches to Food Security
  • A Life-Course Approach
  • Livelihood Models
  • Homelessness as Displacement
  • Research Focus
  • Methodology and Research Design
  • Findings
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 13 The Dynamics of Vulnerability and Adaptive Capacity in Southern Ethiopia - Logan Cochrane and Yishak Gecho
  • Introduction
  • Contextualizing Resilience
  • Methodology
  • Case Study of Wolaita Zone
  • Long-Term
  • Annual
  • Seasonal
  • Engaging Change
  • Long-Term
  • Annual
  • Seasonal
  • Lessons Learned
  • References
  • Chapter 14 The Production of Material Goods as Resilience Adaptation by Impelled Migrants in Malawi - Michèle Companion
  • Introduction
  • Background
  • Theoretical Framework
  • Methods
  • Findings and Discussion
  • Construction of Positive Identity
  • Link to Place/Narrative Continuity
  • Identity Maintenance and Formation
  • Coping Mechanism for Displacement Trauma
  • Opportunities to Reinvent Oneself
  • The Risks of Commercialization of Culture
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Gender and Social Inequality
  • Chapter 15 Gender Dimensions in Disaster Management: Implications for Coastal Aquaculture and Fishing Communities in the Philippines - Morgan Chow, Lori A. Cramer, and Hillary Egna
  • Introduction
  • Background
  • Methods
  • Site Selection
  • Research Approach and Sampling
  • Data Analysis
  • Results
  • Perceptions of Gender Mainstreaming/Integration
  • Perceptions by Employment Scale
  • Perspectives by Employment Sector
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 16 Women’s Leadership in Texas Forest Fires and Recovery: How Gender Roles and Assumptions Empower and Constrain Women and Men Postdisaster in a Rural Southern Town - Josephine Nummi and Kathryn Henderson
  • Introduction
  • Methodology
  • Findings and Discussion
  • Why Is It Important to Talk about Gender?
  • Strategies of Self
  • Confronting Gender Myths
  • Care Work and Women in Leadership
  • Lessons Learned and Policy Recommendations
  • Advantages of Women in Leadership
  • Supporting Men through Disaster Recovery
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 17 Gender Dynamics and Disasters in Zimbabwe: A Case of Tokwe Mukosi Flooding - Catherine Bwerinofa and Manase Kudzai Chiweshe
  • Introduction
  • Background
  • Research Methodology
  • Findings and Discussion
  • Gendered Impact of Flooding on Communities
  • Gendered Dimensions of Life at Chingwizi
  • Multiple Roles for Women and Girls
  • Lessons Learned
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • SECTION III Community-Based Factors That Impact Resilience and Vulnerability
  • Chapter 18 Vulnerability and Tourism Development: Fostering the Capacity of Resilience in the Context of Climate Change - Sara E. Alexander
  • Introduction
  • Setting the Stage
  • Climate Change in the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System (MBRS)
  • Tourism Development in Belize
  • Tourism and Climate Change Adaptation Policies
  • Research Design and Methods
  • Field Methods
  • Findings: Weather, Climate, Risk, and Coping Responses
  • Dependency on Natural Resources
  • Understanding Changing Weather Patterns
  • Responses to Recent Current Events
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 19 Why Isn’t There a Plan? Community Vulnerability and Resilience in the Latrobe Valley’s Open Cut Coal Mine Town - Michelle Duffy, Pamela Wood, Sue Whyte, Susan Yell, and Matthew Carroll
  • Introduction
  • An Overview of Resilience and Vulnerability
  • Methodology
  • Interviews with Key Informants
  • Media Analysis
  • Findings
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 20 Best Family Rwanda: A Case Study on Religious Sources of Resilience - Sharon Kim and David Kim
  • Introduction
  • Methodology
  • Planting the Seeds for a Brighter Future
  • Six Pillars of BFR
  • Building Self-Sufficiency
  • Faith and Forgiveness
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 21 Grassroots and Guerrillas: Radical and Insurgent Responses for Community Resilience - Natalie Osborne, Deanna Grant-Smith, and Edward Morgan
  • Introduction
  • Community-Driven Interventions
  • Community Responses to Infrastructure Failure: showusyourlongdrop.co.nz
  • Community Capacity Building to Reduce Vulnerability: Centre for Education and Research in Environmental Strategies
  • Maladaptive Community Mobilization: POOwoomba
  • The Potential of Grassroots and Guerrilla Responses for Building Community Resilience
  • References
  • Chapter 22 “Prepper” as Resilient Citizen: What Preppers Can Teach Us about Surviving Disasters - Chad Huddleston
  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Differentiating Preppers from Survivalists
  • Zombie Squad
  • Commonalities
  • Tactics and Sharing
  • Why These Differences Matter
  • Building Resiliency
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 23 All the Years Combine: The Expansion and Contraction of Time and Memory in Disaster Response - A.J. Faas
  • Introduction
  • Methodology
  • The Compression of Memory after a Volcanic Eruption
  • Wildfire and the Expanses of Memory
  • Discussion
  • Lessons Learned
  • Acknowledgments
  • References