Women's Rights in the United States: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Issues, Events, and People

Editor: Wayne, Tiffany K.
Publication Year: 2014
Publisher: ABC-CLIO

Single-User Purchase Price: $415.00
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: $622.50
ISBN: 978-1-61-069214-4
Category: Social Sciences - Women, Gender, & Sexuality Studies
Image Count: 193
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

This comprehensive reference not only traces the historical evolution of the movement, but also covers current issues affecting women, such as reproductive freedom, political participation, pay equity, violence against women, and gay civil rights.

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Table of Contents

  • Editor
  • List of Primary Documents
  • List of Entries by Topic
  • Preface to Volumes 1–4
  • Chronology: Women's Rights in the United States, 1776–Present
  • Volume 1: Moral Reform and the Woman Question (1776–1870)
  • Introduction to Volume 1
  • A
  • Abolitionism and the Antislavery Movement
  • Abortion (17th and 18th Centuries)
  • Adams, Abigail (1744–1818)
  • Advocate and Family Guardian
  • Alcott, Louisa May (1832–1888)
  • The American Revolution
  • Anneke, Mathilde Franziska (1817–1884)
  • B
  • Bagley, Sarah (1806–1883?)
  • Barton, Clara (1821–1912)
  • Bathsheba Spooner Case (1778)
  • Beecher, Catharine (1800–1878)
  • Birth Control (17th and 18th Centuries)
  • Blackwell, Elizabeth (1821–1910)
  • Bloomer, Amelia Jenks (1818–1894)
  • Boycotts
  • Bread Riots
  • C
  • Cary, Mary Ann Shadd (1823–1893)
  • Child, Lydia Maria (1802–1880)
  • The Constitution and Women
  • Coverture
  • D
  • Dall, Caroline Healey (1822–1912)
  • Davis, Paulina Kellogg Wright (1813–1876)
  • Divorce (before the Civil War)
  • Dix, Dorothea (1802–1887)
  • Douglass, Frederick (1818–1895)
  • Dress Reform
  • E
  • Edmonds, Sarah Emma (1841–1898)
  • Education of Women (before the Civil War)
  • Elizabeth Freeman Case (1781)
  • Evans, Augusta Jane (1835–1909)
  • F
  • Farnham, Eliza (1815–1864)
  • Feme Sole and Feme Sole Trader Status
  • Fern, Fanny [Sarah Payson Willis] (1811–1872)
  • Fifteenth Amendment (1870)
  • Foote, Julia A. J. (1823–1900)
  • Foster, Abby Kelley (1810–1887)
  • Fourteenth Amendment (1868)
  • Freedmen's Bureau
  • Fuller, Margaret (1810–1850)
  • G
  • Garrison, William Lloyd (1805–1879)
  • The Genius of Liberty
  • Gibbons, Abigail Hopper (1801–1893)
  • Godey's Lady's Book
  • Griffing, Josephine White (1814–1872)
  • Grimké, Charlotte L. Forten (1837–1914)
  • Grimké, Sarah Moore (1792–1873)
  • Grimké Weld, Angelina (1805–1879)
  • H
  • Hale, Sarah Josepha (1788–1879)
  • Hasbrouck, Lydia Sayer (1827–1910)
  • Higginson, Thomas Wentworth (1823–1911)
  • Howe, Julia Ward (1819–1910)
  • I
  • Infanticide
  • Interracial Marriage and Sex (17th and 18th Centuries)
  • Interracial Marriage and Sex (19th Century)
  • J
  • Jacobs, Harriet (1813–1897)
  • K
  • Kemble, Fanny (1809–1893)
  • L
  • Labor Unions (19th Century)
  • Lee, “Mother” Ann (1736–1784)
  • Lee, Jarena (1783–?)
  • Legal Status of Women (18th Century)
  • Letters on the Equality of the Sexes (1838)
  • The Liberator
  • The Lily
  • Livermore, Mary (1820–1905)
  • The Lowell Offering
  • Lowell Textile Mills
  • M
  • Martineau, Harriet (1802–1876)
  • May, Abigail Williams (1829–1888)
  • May, Samuel Joseph (1797–1871)
  • Meriwether, Elizabeth Avery (1824–1916)
  • Missouri v. Celia, a Slave (1855)
  • Mitchell, Maria (1818–1889)
  • Molly Pitcher Legend
  • Moral Reform
  • Mott, Lucretia (1793–1880)
  • Mullaney, Kate (1845–1906)
  • Murray, Judith Sargent (1751–1820)
  • N
  • National Women's Loyal League
  • New York Married Women's Property Acts
  • Nichols, Clarina Howard (1810–1885)
  • Nichols, Mary Gove (1810–1884)
  • O
  • Oberlin College
  • Oneida Community
  • P
  • Peabody, Elizabeth (1804–1894)
  • Phillips, Wendell (1811–1884)
  • Pillsbury, Parker (1809–1898)
  • Pleasant, Mary Ellen (1814–1904)
  • Q
  • Quakers
  • R
  • Reconstruction (1865–1877)
  • Remond, Sarah Parker (1826–1894)
  • Republican Motherhood
  • Restell, Madame [Anna Trow Lohman] (1812–1878)
  • Ropes, Hannah (1809–1863)
  • Rose, Ernestine (1810–1892)
  • Ross, Araminta.
  • S
  • Sampson, Deborah (1760–1827)
  • Schuyler, Louisa Lee (1837–1926)
  • Seneca Falls Convention (1848)
  • Seton, Elizabeth (1774–1821)
  • Shakers
  • The Sibyl
  • Slavery and the Civil War
  • Smith, Gerrit (1797–1874)
  • Southworth, E.D.E.N. (1819–1899)
  • Stewart, Maria W. (1803–1879)
  • Stone, Lucy (1818–1893)
  • Stowe, Harriet Beecher (1811–1896)
  • Suffrage in Early America
  • Swisshelm, Jane Grey (1815–1884)
  • T
  • Taylor, Susie Baker King (1848–1912)
  • Temperance Movement
  • Tilton, Theodore (1835–1907)
  • Towne, Laura Matilda (1825–1901)
  • Truth, Sojourner (1797–1883)
  • Tubman, Harriet (1822–1913)
  • U
  • The Una
  • Underground Railroad
  • United States Sanitary Commission
  • Utopian Communities
  • V
  • Van Lew, Elizabeth (1818–1900)
  • W
  • Wakeman, Sarah Rosetta [Lyons Wakeman] (1843–1864)
  • Walker, Mary Edwards (1832–1919)
  • Ward, Nancy (ca. 1738–1822)
  • Warren, Mercy Otis (1728–1814)
  • Weld, Angelina Grimké.
  • Wheatley, Phillis (1753–1784)
  • Widowhood
  • Willard, Emma Hart (1787–1870)
  • Wittenmyer, Annie Turner (1827–1900)
  • Wollstonecraft, Mary (1759–1797)
  • Woman in the Nineteenth Century (1845)
  • “Woman Order” (General Order No. 28) (1862)
  • Women's Magazines (18th and Early 19th Centuries)
  • Working Women's Association
  • Wormeley, Katharine Prescott (1830–1908)
  • Wright, Frances (1795–1852)
  • Y
  • Young Ladies’ Academy of Philadelphia
  • Z
  • Zakrzewska, Marie (1829–1902)
  • Primary Documents
  • “An Occasional Letter on the Female Sex” (1774), Thomas Paine
  • “The Sentiments of an American Woman” (1780), Anonymous [Esther DeBerdt Reed]
  • Letters and Petitions on Cherokee Removal (1781–1821), Cherokee Women and Nancy Ward
  • “Thoughts upon Female Education” (1787), Benjamin Rush
  • “On the Equality of the Sexes” (1790), Judith Sargent Murray
  • Paul Revere Defends Deborah Sampson Gannett, a Female Soldier (1804)
  • The Risks of Marrying (1815), Emma Hart Willard
  • “A Plan for Improving Female Education” (1819), Emma Hart Willard
  • Ohio Women Petition against Indian Removal (1830)
  • Letter to Catherine Beecher (1836), from Angelina Grimké
  • Massachusetts Churches Respond to Grimké Sisters Speaking in Public (1837)
  • Letters on the Equality of the Sexes (1838), Sarah Grimké
  • The Right of the People, Men and Women, to Petition (1838), John Quincy Adams
  • Mississippi Married Women's Property Act (1839)
  • A Treatise on Domestic Economy (1841), Catharine Beecher
  • Shaw v. Shaw (1845)
  • Testimony of Female Factory Workers before Massachusetts State Legislature (1845)
  • Declaration of Sentiments (1848)
  • New York Married Women's Property Acts (1848–1849)
  • “Aren't I a Woman?” (1851), Sojourner Truth
  • “Reflections on Woman's Dress” (1851), Elizabeth Smith Miller
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852), Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Address to the Legislature of New York (1854), Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Missouri v. Celia, a Slave (1855)
  • Marriage Protest of Lucy Stone and Henry Blackwell (1855)
  • Writings on Women's Education (1856–1857), Sarah Josepha Hale
  • Commonwealth v. Fogerty (1857)
  • Hair v. Hair (1858)
  • Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl (1861), Harriet Jacobs
  • Address on Behalf of the New York Divorce Bill (1861), Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Female Soldiers Discovered during the Civil War (1861)
  • A Northern Newspaper Supports Butler's Woman Order (1862)
  • Women in Richmond Participate in Bread Riot (1863)
  • National Women's Loyal League Petitions to End Slavery (1863)
  • Support for Female Physicians (1867), Ann Preston
  • Volume 2: Suffrage and a New Wave of Women's Activism (1870–1950)
  • List of Primary Documents
  • List of Entries by Topic
  • Introduction to Volume 2
  • A
  • Abbott, Edith (1876–1957)
  • Abbott, Grace (1878–1939)
  • Addams, Jane (1860–1935)
  • Adkins v. Children's Hospital (1923)
  • Aid to (Families with) Dependent Children (ADC/AFDC)
  • American Birth Control League
  • American Equal Rights Association
  • American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA)
  • Ames, Jessie Daniel (1883–1972)
  • Anthony, Susan B. (1820–1906)
  • The Anti-Suffragist
  • B
  • Baker, Sara Josephine (1873–1945)
  • Balch, Emily Greene (1867–1961)
  • Barry, Leonora (1849–1930)
  • Beard, Mary Ritter (1876–1958)
  • Belmont, Alva Vanderbilt (1853–1933)
  • Bethune, Mary McLeod (1875–1955)
  • Birth Control Movement (pre-World War II)
  • The Birth Control Review
  • Blackwell, Alice Stone (1857–1950)
  • Blackwell, Antoinette Brown (1825–1921)
  • Blackwell, Henry Brown (1825–1909)
  • Blake, Lillie Devereux (1833–1913)
  • Blatch, Harriot Stanton (1856–1940)
  • Bloor, Ella Reeve “Mother” (1862–1951)
  • Bonnin, Gertrude (Zitkala-Ša/Red Bird) (1876–1938)
  • Bradwell v. State of Illinois (1873)
  • Brown, Charlotte Hawkins (1883–1961)
  • Brown, Olympia (1835–1926)
  • Buck v. Bell (1927)
  • C
  • Catt, Carrie Chapman (1859–1947)
  • Centennial Exposition (1876)
  • Children's Bureau.
  • Chopin, Kate (1850–1904)
  • Clay, Laura (1849–1941)
  • Colby, Clara Bewick (1846–1916)
  • The Comstock Act (1873)
  • Conger-Kaneko, Josephine (1874–unknown)
  • Cooper, Anna Julia (1858/1859–1964)
  • D
  • Davis, Katharine Bement (1860–1935)
  • Day, Dorothy (1897–1980)
  • Dennett, Mary Ware (1872–1947)
  • Dickinson, Anna Elizabeth (1842–1932)
  • Divorce (Civil War to WWII)
  • Dodge, Grace (1856–1914)
  • Domestic Violence (pre-1970)
  • Dreier, Mary Elisabeth (1875–1963)
  • Dunbar-Nelson, Alice (1875–1935)
  • Duniway, Abigail Scott (1834–1915)
  • E
  • Eastman, Crystal (1881–1928)
  • Education of Women (after the Civil War)
  • Eighteenth Amendment (1919)
  • Equal Rights
  • Eugenics
  • F
  • Family Wage
  • Felton, Rebecca Ann Latimer (1835–1930)
  • Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley (1890–1964)
  • The Forerunner
  • Four Lights
  • Free Love Movement
  • Free Speech and Headlight
  • G
  • Gage, Matilda Joslyn (1826–1898)
  • Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1860–1935)
  • Goldman, Emma (1869–1940)
  • H
  • Hamilton, Alice (1869–1970)
  • Harper, Frances Ellen Watkins (1825–1911)
  • Harper, Ida Husted (1851–1931)
  • History of Woman Suffrage
  • Hull House
  • I
  • Idar, Jovita (1885–1946)
  • International Council of Women
  • International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union (ILGWU)
  • J
  • Jackson, Helen Hunt (1830–1885)
  • Jacobi, Mary Putnam (1842–1906)
  • Jones, Mary “Mother” (1837–1930)
  • K
  • Kehew, Mary Morton (1859–1918)
  • Keller, Helen (1880–1968)
  • Kelley, Florence (1859–1932)
  • Kirchwey, Freda (1893–1976)
  • L
  • La Flesche, Susette (1854–1903)
  • La Follette, Belle Case (1859–1931)
  • Laidlaw, Harriet Burton (1873–1949)
  • Lasker, Mary (1900–1994)
  • Lathrop, Julia (1858–1932)
  • Lawrence Textile Strike (Bread and Roses Strike)
  • League of Women Voters
  • Lease, Mary Clyens (1850–1933)
  • Lockwood, Belva (1830–1917)
  • Lowell, Josephine Shaw (1843–1905)
  • M
  • Mann Act (1910)
  • Maternalism
  • McCormick, Katharine Dexter (1875–1967)
  • McDowell, Mary (1854–1936)
  • Milholland-Boissevain, Inez (1886–1916)
  • Minor v. Happersett (1875)
  • Mormons and Polygamy
  • Muller v. State of Oregon (1908)
  • N
  • Nation, Carry (1846–1911)
  • National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA)
  • National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
  • National Association of Colored Women (NACW)
  • National Congress of Mothers
  • National Consumers League
  • National Council of Negro Women
  • National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA)
  • National Woman's Party
  • New Deal Women's Network
  • Nineteenth Amendment (1920)
  • O
  • O'Brien, Charlotte Grace (1845–1909)
  • O'Reilly, Leonora (1870–1927)
  • Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State
  • O'Sullivan, Mary Kenney (1864–1943)
  • Ovington, Mary White (1865–1951)
  • P
  • Pace v. Alabama (1883)
  • Parsons, Lucy (Lucía) González (1853–1942)
  • Paul, Alice (1885–1977)
  • Perkins, Frances (1880–1965)
  • The Progressive Woman
  • Prohibition.
  • Protective Labor Legislation
  • R
  • Rankin, Jeannette (1880–1973)
  • The Revolution
  • Robins, Margaret Dreier (1868–1945)
  • Roosevelt, Eleanor (1884–1962)
  • Rosie the Riveter
  • S
  • Sanger, Margaret (1879–1966)
  • Schneiderman, Rose (1882–1972)
  • Scudder, Vida Dutton (1861–1954)
  • Settlement House Movement
  • Sewall, May Eliza Wright (1844–1920)
  • Shaw, Anna Howard (1847–1919)
  • Sheppard-Towner Maternity and Infancy Act (1921)
  • Skinner v. Oklahoma (1942)
  • Social Purity Campaigns
  • Social Security Act (1935)
  • Spencer, Anna Garlin (1851–1931)
  • Stanton, Elizabeth Cady (1815–1902)
  • T
  • Tarbell, Ida (1857–1944)
  • Tenayuca, Emma (1917–1999)
  • Terrell, Mary Church (1863–1954)
  • Thomas, Martha Carey (1857–1935)
  • Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire (1911)
  • U
  • United States v. Susan B. Anthony (1873)
  • U.S. Children's Bureau
  • V
  • Vorse, Mary Heaton (1874–1966)
  • W
  • Wald, Lillian D. (1867–1940)
  • Wells-Barnett, Ida B. (1862–1931)
  • Willard, Frances (1839–1898)
  • Winnemucca, Sarah (1844–1891)
  • The Woman Citizen
  • The Woman Rebel
  • The Woman's Bible (1895)
  • Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)
  • The Woman's Journal
  • Woman's Peace Party
  • The Woman's Tribune
  • Women and World War I
  • Women and World War II
  • Women's Armed Services Integration Act (1948)
  • Women's Army Corps (WAC)
  • Women's Club Movement
  • Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF)
  • Women's National Indian Association
  • Women's Suffrage Movement—International
  • Women's Suffrage Movement—United States
  • Women's Trade Union League (WTUL)
  • Woodhull, Victoria (1838–1927)
  • Woodward, Ellen Sullivan (1887–1971)
  • Y
  • Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA)
  • Primary Documents
  • “Why Women Should Not Seek the Vote” (1869), Catharine Beecher and Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • “I Announce Myself as a Candidate for the Presidency” (1870), Victoria Woodhull
  • Address before Congress on Women's Constitutional Equality (1871), Victoria Woodhull
  • Bradwell v. State of Illinois (1873)
  • The Comstock Act (1873)
  • United States v. Susan B. Anthony (1873)
  • Minor v. Happersett (1875)
  • Declaration of the Rights of the Women of the United States (1876)
  • “Voluntary Motherhood” (1891), Harriot Stanton Blatch
  • “Solitude of Self” (1892), Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • A Red Record (1895), Ida B. Wells-Barnett
  • “Women as Breadwinners”—Women in the American Federation of Labor (1897)
  • Women and Economics (1898), Charlotte Perkins Gilman
  • The Woman's Bible (1898), Elizabeth Cady Stanton (and Revising Committee)
  • “Effeminate Men and Masculine Women” (1900), William Lee Howard, MD
  • The School Days of an Indian Girl (1900), Zitkala-Ša (Gertrude Bonnin)
  • Presidential Address to the International Council of Women (1904), May Wright Sewall
  • Child Labor and Women's Suffrage (1905), Florence Kelley
  • “The Tragedy of Woman's Emancipation” (1906), Emma Goldman
  • “The Economic Dependence of Husbands” (1907), Josephine Conger-Kaneko
  • Muller v. Oregon (1908)
  • “The Housewife and the Eight-Hour Day” (1910), Theresa Malkiel
  • Report on the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire and Response from Rose Schneiderman (1911)
  • Progressive Party Platform Adopts Woman Suffrage (1912)
  • “Women's Rights and the Duties of Both Men and Women” (1912), Theodore Roosevelt
  • “If Men Were Seeking the Franchise” (1913), Jane Addams
  • “The Prevention of Conception” (1914) and “Family Limitation” (1917), Margaret Sanger
  • “Do You Know?” (1915), Carrie Chapman Catt
  • Resolutions of the International Congress of Women (1915)
  • The Nineteenth Amendment: Woman Suffrage (1920)
  • “Now We Can Begin” (1920), Crystal Eastman
  • “Why Join the League of Women Voters?” (1921)
  • National Woman's Party Platform (1922)
  • Equal Rights Amendment (1923, proposed)
  • Adkins v. Children's Hospital (1923)
  • Survey of the Legal Status of Women (1924), League of Women Voters
  • The U.S. Children's Bureau and Mothers’ Pensions (1935), Grace Abbott
  • “Shall Married Women Work?” (1936), Ruth Shallcross
  • Woman as Force in History (1946), Mary Ritter Beard
  • Goesaert v. Cleary (1948)
  • Volume 3: Civil Rights and Modern Feminism (1950–1990)
  • List of Primary Documents
  • List of Entries by Topic
  • Introduction to Volume 3
  • A
  • Abortion
  • Abzug, Bella (1920–1998)
  • Affirmative Action
  • Albright, Madeleine (b. 1937)
  • Alda, Alan (b. 1936)
  • Allen, Paula Gunn (1939–2008)
  • American Civil Liberties Union—Women's Rights Project (ACLU—WRP)
  • Anguiano, Lupe (b. 1929)
  • Anzaldúa, Gloria (1942–2004)
  • Asian American Feminism
  • Atkinson, Ti-Grace (b. 1939)
  • Atlanta Lesbian Feminist Alliance (ALFA)
  • B
  • Baker, Ella (1903–1986)
  • Bambara, Toni Cade (1939–1995)
  • Bannon, Ann (b. 1932)
  • Bates, Daisy (1914–1999)
  • Battered Woman Syndrome
  • Birth Control (1945 to Present)
  • Black Feminism
  • Boggs, Grace Lee (b. 1915)
  • Bowers v. Hardwick (1986)
  • Boxer, Barbara Levy (b. 1940)
  • Brave Bird, Mary (Crow Dog) (1953–2013)
  • Brooks, Gwendolyn (1917–2000)
  • Brown, Rita Mae (b. 1944)
  • Brownmiller, Susan (b. 1935)
  • Bunch, Charlotte (b. 1944)
  • C
  • Califano v. Goldfarb and Califano v. Webster (1977)
  • Carnes v. Tennessee Secondary School Athletic Association (1976)
  • Carson, Rachel (1907–1964)
  • Chesler, Phyllis (b. 1940)
  • Chicago Women's Liberation Union (CWLU)
  • Chicana Rights Project (1974–1983)
  • Chisholm, Shirley (1924–2005)
  • Chrysalis
  • Civil Rights Act (1964)
  • Clarence Thomas/Anita Hill Hearings
  • Clark, Septima (1898–1987)
  • Collins, Patricia Hill (b. 1948)
  • Combahee River Collective
  • Comparable Worth
  • Conferencia de Mujeres por La Raza
  • Consciousness Raising
  • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)
  • Cosmopolitan
  • Craig v. Boren (1976)
  • D
  • Daly, Mary (1928–2010)
  • Date and Acquaintance Rape
  • Daughters of Bilitis
  • Davis, Angela (b. 1944)
  • Diaz v. Pan American World Airways (1971)
  • Domestic Violence: The 1970s
  • Domestic Violence: The 1980s
  • Dunbar-Ortiz, Roxanne (b. 1939)
  • Dworkin, Andrea (1946–2005)
  • E
  • Edelman, Marian Wright (b. 1939)
  • Ehrenreich, Barbara (b. 1941)
  • Eisenstadt v. Baird (1972)
  • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)
  • Equal Pay Act (1963)
  • Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
  • F
  • Fat Activism
  • Feinstein, Dianne (b. 1933)
  • The Feminine Mystique (1963)
  • Feminist Majority Foundation
  • Feminization of Poverty
  • Ferraro, Geraldine (1935–2011)
  • Firestone, Shulamith (1945–2012)
  • Ford, Betty (1918–2011)
  • Franklin v. Gwinnett County Public Schools (1992)
  • Freeman, Jo (b. 1945)
  • French, Marilyn (1929–2009)
  • Friedan, Betty (1921–2006)
  • Frontiero v. Richardson (1973)
  • Furies
  • G
  • Gag Rules
  • Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD)
  • Gay Liberation Movement
  • Geduldig v. Aiello (1974)
  • General Electric Co. v. Gilbert (1976)
  • Gilligan, Carol (b. 1936)
  • Ginsburg, Ruth Bader (b. 1933)
  • Gittings, Barbara (1932–2007)
  • Glass Ceiling
  • Graham, Katharine (1917–2001)
  • Green, Edith Starrett (1910–1987)
  • Greer, Germaine (b. 1939)
  • Griffiths, Martha Wright (1912–2003)
  • Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)
  • Guy-Sheftall, Beverly (b. 1946)
  • H
  • Hale, Clara (1905–1992)
  • Hamer, Fannie Lou (1917–1977)
  • Harris v. McRae (1980)
  • Height, Dorothy (1912–2010)
  • Hernández v. Cockrell (1976)
  • Hewlett, Sylvia Ann (b. 1946)
  • Hijas de Cuauhtémoc
  • Hite, Shere (b. 1942)
  • hooks, bell (b. 1952)
  • Huerta, Dolores (b. 1930)
  • Hyde Amendment (1976)
  • I
  • In the Matter of Baby M (1988)
  • Ireland, Patricia (b. 1945)
  • J
  • Jane (Abortion Counseling Service)
  • Jordan, Barbara (1936–1996)
  • Jordan, June (1936–2002)
  • K
  • Kansas v. Stewart (1988)
  • Kennedy, Florynce Rae (1916–2000)
  • King, Billie Jean (b. 1943)
  • Kinsey Scale of Sexual Behavior
  • Kramer vs. Kramer
  • Kreps, Juanita (Morris) (1921–2010)
  • L
  • The Ladder
  • Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund (LLDEF)
  • Latina Feminism
  • Le Guin, Ursula K. (b. 1929)
  • Leacock, Eleanor (1922–1987)
  • Lerner, Gerda (1920–2013)
  • Lesbian Feminism
  • Lesbian Herstory Archives
  • Lilith
  • Lorde, Audre (1934–1992)
  • M
  • MacKinnon, Catharine (b. 1946)
  • Madrigal v. Quilligan (1975)
  • Mankiller, Wilma (1945–2010)
  • Marital Rape
  • Men's Rights Movements
  • Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson (1986)
  • Mexican American Women and Labor
  • Michael M. v. Superior Court of Sonoma County (1981)
  • Michelman, Kate (b. 1942)
  • Michigan v. Lucas (1991)
  • Millett, Kate (b. 1934)
  • Mink, Patsy T. (1927–2002)
  • Miss America Pageant
  • Mississippi University for Women v. Hogan (1982)
  • The Mommy Track
  • Moody, Anne (b. 1940)
  • Moraga, Cherríe (b. 1952)
  • Moreno, Luisa (1907–1992)
  • Morgan, Robin (b. 1941)
  • Morrison, Toni (b. 1931)
  • Ms. Magazine
  • Murray, Pauli (1910–1985)
  • N
  • National Abortion Rights Action League (NARAL)
  • National Black Feminist Organization (NBFO)
  • National Gay and Lesbian Task Force
  • National Organization for Men against Sexism (NOMAS)
  • National Organization for Women (NOW)
  • National Right to Life Committee (NRLC)
  • National Women's Health Network (NWHN)
  • National Women's Political Caucus (NWPC)
  • Native American Feminism
  • Naylor, Gloria (b. 1950)
  • New York v. Santorelli and Schloss (1992)
  • 9to5: National Association of Working Women
  • North Carolina v. Norman (1988)
  • NOW Legal Defense and Education Fund
  • O
  • O'Connor, Sandra Day (b. 1930)
  • off our backs
  • Our Bodies, Ourselves
  • P
  • Paglia, Camille (b. 1947)
  • Parents, Families, and Friends of Lesbians and Gays (PFLAG)
  • Parks, Rosa (1913–2005)
  • Pelosi, Nancy (b. 1940)
  • Pennsylvania v. Pennsylvania Interscholastic Athletic Association (1975)
  • Peterson, Esther Eggertsen (1906–1997)
  • Phillips v. Martin Marietta Corporation (1971)
  • Pink-Collar Work
  • Planned Parenthood
  • Pogrebin, Letty Cottin (b. 1939)
  • Politics: Women on the Left
  • Politics: Women on the Right
  • Pornography
  • Pregnancy Discrimination Act (1978)
  • President's Commission on the Status of Women (PCSW)
  • Promise Keepers
  • R
  • Radicalesbians
  • Rape Shield Laws
  • Rawalt, Marguerite (1895–1989)
  • Rich, Adrienne (1929–2012)
  • Ride, Sally (1951–2012)
  • Robinson, Jo Ann (1912–1992)
  • Roe v. Wade (1973)
  • S
  • Schechter, Susan (1946–2004)
  • Schlafly, Phyllis (b. 1924)
  • Schroeder, Patricia (b. 1940)
  • Seaman, Barbara (1935–2008)
  • The Second Sex (1949)
  • “Sex and Caste: A Kind of Memo” (1965)
  • Sexual Harassment
  • Shange, Ntozake (b. 1948)
  • Shulman, Alix Kates (b. 1932)
  • Smeal, Eleanor (b. 1939)
  • Smith, Barbara (b. 1946)
  • Smith, Margaret Chase (1897–1995)
  • Sontag, Susan (1933–2004)
  • Statutory Rape
  • Steinem, Gloria (b. 1934)
  • T
  • Tailhook Scandal
  • Take Back the Night
  • Thomas, Marlo (b. 1937)
  • Tiller, George (1941–2009)
  • Title IX of the Education Amendments
  • Tootsie
  • U
  • United Auto Workers v. Johnson Controls (1991)
  • United Nations Commission on the Status of Women
  • United Nations Decade for Women
  • V
  • Vorchheimer v. School District of Philadelphia (1977)
  • W
  • Walker, Alice (b. 1944)
  • Wattleton, Faye (b. 1943)
  • Webster v. Reproductive Health Services (1989)
  • Weinberger v. Wiesenfeld (1975)
  • Weisstein, Naomi (b. 1939)
  • Welfare Rights Movement
  • West, Dorothy (1907–1998)
  • Williams v. McNair (1971)
  • Womanism
  • Women and the Civil Rights Movement
  • Women of All Red Nations (WARN)
  • Women Strike for Peace
  • Women's Health Movement
  • Women's Studies
  • Wonder Woman
  • Wong, Nellie (b. 1934)
  • Y
  • Yamada, Mitsuye (b. 1923)
  • Primary Documents
  • “The Position of the American Woman Today” (1946), Congress of American Women
  • “Women Are Household Slaves” (1949), Edith Stern
  • The Radcliffe Plan (1961)
  • President's Commission on the Status of Women (1961)
  • Equal Pay Act (1963)
  • Civil Rights Act (1964)
  • “Sex and Caste: A Kind of Memo” (1965), Casey Hayden and Mary King
  • Statement of Purpose (1966), National Organization for Women
  • “No More Miss America” (1968)
  • “Kinder, Kuche, Kirche as Scientific Law: Psychology Constructs the Female” (1968), Naomi Weisstein
  • “Toward a Female Liberation Movement” (1968)
  • “Equal Rights for Women” (1969), Shirley Chisholm
  • Redstockings Manifesto (1969)
  • “Abortion: A Woman's Decision, A Woman's Right” (1969–1973), Jane
  • “The BITCH Manifesto” (1970)
  • “Myth of the Vaginal Orgasm” (1970), Anne Koedt
  • “The Woman-Identified Woman” (1970), Radicalesbians
  • Statement on Chicanas in the Movement (1970), Elma Barrera
  • Position on Women's Liberation (1971), Young Lords
  • Title IX of the Education Amendments (1972)
  • “Socialist Feminism” (1972), Chicago Women's Liberation Union
  • “What's Wrong with ‘Equal Rights’ for Women?” (1972), Phyllis Schlafly
  • Coalition of Labor Union Women: Mission Statement (1974)
  • Combahee River Collective Statement (1977)
  • The National Women's Conference Plan of Action (1977)
  • “Asia Pacific American Women and Feminism” (1979), Mitsuye Yamada
  • “Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence” (1980), Adrienne Rich
  • National Sanctity of Human Life Day (or National Right to Life Day) (1984)
  • “Global Gag Rule” (1984)
  • Anita Hill's Opening Statement to the Senate Judiciary Committee (1991)
  • “On Being Nominated to the Supreme Court” (1993), Ruth Bader Ginsburg
  • Volume 4: Third-Wave and Global Feminisms (1990–Present)
  • List of Primary Documents
  • List of Entries by Topic
  • Introduction to Volume 4
  • A
  • Amos, Tori (b. 1963)
  • Antiwar Feminism
  • B
  • Backlash (1991)
  • Baehr v. Lewin (1993)
  • Baker v. Vermont (1999)
  • Barbie Dolls
  • Bechdel, Alison (b. 1960)
  • Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action
  • Benjamin, Medea (b. 1952)
  • Birth Control: Issues for the 21st Century
  • Bottoms v. Bottoms (1995)
  • Breast Cancer Awareness
  • Breastfeeding
  • Bright, Susie (b. 1958)
  • Buffy the Vampire Slayer
  • Burch v. Smarr (2005)
  • BUST Magazine
  • Butler, Judith (b. 1956)
  • C
  • Cammermeyer, Margarethe (b. 1942)
  • Castle Rock v. Gonzales (2011)
  • Chick Lit
  • Child Care
  • Childbirth Practices
  • Cho, Margaret (b. 1968)
  • Cisneros, Sandra (b. 1954)
  • Clinton, Hillary Rodham (b. 1947)
  • CODEPINK
  • D
  • Davis v. Davis (1992)
  • De Alba, Alicia Gaspar (b. 1958)
  • DeGeneres, Ellen (b. 1958)
  • DiFranco, Ani (b. 1970)
  • Domestic Violence: The 1990s
  • Domestic Violence: The 2000s
  • “Dykes to Watch Out For”
  • E
  • Eating Disorders
  • Ecofeminism
  • Education and Gender
  • EMILY's List
  • F
  • Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) (1993)
  • Female Genital Mutilation
  • Feminist Majority Foundation
  • Feministing.com
  • Ferguson v. City of Charleston (2001)
  • Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act (FACE) (1994)
  • Fuerza Unida
  • G
  • Giovanni, Nikki (b. 1943)
  • Girl Power
  • Global Fund for Women
  • Global Women's Movement
  • Goodridge v. Department of Public Health (Massachusetts) (2003)
  • Guerilla Girls
  • H
  • Harris v. Forklift Systems, Inc. (1993)
  • Hijab
  • Hip Mama
  • Hip-Hop Culture
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Human Rights: International Laws and Policies
  • Human Trafficking
  • I
  • Indigo Girls
  • J
  • Jezebel.com
  • K
  • Katz, Jackson (b. 1960)
  • Kimmel, Michael (b. 1951)
  • Kristof, Nicholas (b. 1959)
  • L
  • LaDuke, Winona (b. 1959)
  • Lauper, Cyndi (b. 1953)
  • Lawrence v. Texas (2003)
  • Lesbian and Gay Parenting
  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Movements
  • Levy, Ariel (b. 1975)
  • Lilith Fair
  • Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009
  • Lisa Simpson
  • M
  • Maddow, Rachel (b. 1973)
  • Madonna (b. 1958)
  • Media Images of Women: Advertising
  • Media Images of Women: Music
  • Media Images of Women: Television and Film
  • Menstruation and Menopause
  • Military Service: Gays and Lesbians
  • Miller v. Albright (1998)
  • Million Man March
  • Million Mom March
  • Million Woman March
  • N
  • New Moon
  • O
  • Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services (1998)
  • P
  • Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act (2003)
  • Pérez, Emma (b. 1954)
  • Planned Parenthood v. Casey (1992)
  • Pollitt, Katha (b. 1949)
  • Polygamy
  • Portillo, Lourdes (b. 1944)
  • Postfeminism
  • R
  • Reviving Ophelia
  • Riot Grrrl
  • Roiphe, Katie (b. 1968)
  • RU-486 (Mifepristone)
  • S
  • Same-Sex Marriage
  • Sex and the City
  • Sex Work
  • Snowe, Olympia (b. 1947)
  • Stay-at-Home Dads
  • Stefani, Gwen (b. 1969)
  • T
  • Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)
  • Transgender and Transsexual Identities
  • U
  • United States v. Morrison (2000)
  • United States v. Virginia (1996)
  • V
  • The Vagina Monologues
  • Vaid, Urvashi (b. 1958)
  • Valenti, Jessica (b. 1978)
  • Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act (VTVPA) (2000)
  • Violence Against Women Act (VAWA)
  • Vital Voices
  • W
  • Walker, Rebecca (b. 1969)
  • Welfare Reform
  • Wolf, Naomi (b. 1962)
  • Women in Combat
  • X
  • Xena: Warrior Princess
  • Y
  • Year of the Woman (1992)
  • Z
  • Zines
  • Primary Documents
  • Riot Grrrl Manifesto (1991)
  • “How Schools Shortchange Girls” (1992), American Association of University Women
  • Why Feminism is Necessary (1993), Gloria Steinem
  • “Don't Ask, Don't Tell” Policy (1993)
  • Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995), Fourth World Conference on Women
  • “Women's Rights Are Human Rights” (1995), Hillary Rodham Clinton
  • Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) (1996)
  • BITCH Magazine Mission Statement (1996)
  • The Vagina Monologues (1996)
  • Presidential Proclamation Recognizing Gay and Lesbian Pride Month (1999)
  • BUST Guide to the New Girl Order (1999)
  • Manifesta (2000)
  • “What Makes a Man” (2004), Rebecca Walker
  • Statement on Human Rights of Intersex People (2005)
  • Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA) (2007)
  • Congress Examines Discrimination against Transgendered People (2008)
  • “Muslim Feminist Cowgirl” (2008), Asma Hasan
  • Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr., Hate Crimes Prevention Act (2009)
  • Sexual Violence in the World of Online Gaming (2012), Anita Sarkeesian
  • “Same-Sex Marriage Does Threaten ‘Traditional’ Marriage” (2013), Tiffany K. Wayne
  • General Bibliography
  • About the Editors and Contributors
  • About the Advising Editor
  • Contributors and Affiliations