Sweet Treats around the World: An Encyclopedia of Food and Culture

Editor/Author Roufs, Timothy G. and Smyth Roufs, Kathleen
Publication Year: 2014
Publisher: ABC-CLIO

Single-User Purchase Price: $100.00
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: $150.00
ISBN: 978-1-61-069220-5
Category: Food, Drink, Nutrition
Image Count: 50
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

Few things represent a culture as well as food. Because sweets are universal foods, they are the perfect basis for a comparative study of the intersection of history, geography, social class, religion, politics, and other key aspects of life. With that in mind, this encyclopedia surveys nearly 100 countries, examining their characteristic sweet treats from an anthropological perspective. It offers historical context on what sweets are popular where and why and emphasizes the cross-cultural insights those sweets present.

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Table of Contents

  • List of Recipes
  • Preface
  • Introduction
  • A–Z entries
  • A
  • Afghanistan
  • Arabian Peninsula
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • B
  • The Balkans
  • The Baltic States
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • C
  • Canada
  • Central Africa
  • Central America
  • Central Asia
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • D
  • Denmark
  • E
  • East Africa
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt, Sudan, and South Sudan
  • England
  • The English Caribbean
  • F
  • Finland
  • France
  • The French Caribbean
  • G
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • H
  • Hong Kong
  • Horn of Africa
  • Hungary
  • I
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • J
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • K
  • Korea (North and South)
  • L
  • Lebanon
  • M
  • Malaysia
  • Malta
  • Mexico
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • N
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • North Africa—The Maghreb Region
  • Northern Ireland
  • Norway
  • P
  • Pacific Islands
  • Pakistan
  • Peru
  • The Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • R
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • S
  • Scotland
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Southeast Asia
  • Southern Africa
  • Spain
  • The Spanish Caribbean
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syria
  • T
  • Taiwan
  • Thailand
  • Tibet
  • Turkey
  • U
  • Ukraine
  • United States
  • V
  • Venezuela
  • W
  • Wales
  • West Africa
  • Recipes
  • Goash-e-feel (Elephant Ear Pastry, Afghanistan)
  • Sheer Payra (Cardamom Fudge, Afghanistan)
  • Maamoul (Shortbread Cookie-Like Pastry, Arabian Peninsula)
  • Alfajores (Dulce de Leche Sandwich Cookies, Argentina)
  • Dulce de Leche (Caramel Cream, Argentina)
  • Choereg (Easter Bread, Armenia)
  • Chocolate Macadamia Nut Cookies (Australia)
  • Lemon Delicious Pudding (Australia)
  • Pavlova (Fruit Meringue Dessert, Australia)
  • Apfel Strudel (Apple Strudel, Austria)
  • Linzertorte (Multilayer Jam- and Nut-filled Pastry, Austria)
  • Kuzunak (Easter Bread, Balkans)
  • Slavski Kolac (Slava Bread, Balkans)
  • Aguonu Sausainiukai (Poppy Seed Cookies, Lithuania)
  • Rupjmaizes Kārtojums (Sweet Rye Trifle, Latvia)
  • Gajor Halua (Carrot Halva, Bangladesh)
  • Mishti Doi (Sweet Yoghurt, Bangladesh)
  • Apple Pie (Belarus)
  • Paskha (Eastern Orthodox Molded Cheesecake, Belarus)
  • Cramique (Sweet Breakfast Bread, Belgium)
  • Gaufre de Bruxelles (Brussels Waffle, Belgium)
  • Cocada (Coconut Sweet, Bolivia)
  • Tawa Tawas (Sweet Fritters, Bolivia)
  • Bolo de Rolo (Guava Cake Roll, Brazil)
  • Crème de Abacate (Avocado Cream, Brazil)
  • Butter Tarts (Pastry Shells Filled with Brown Sugar, Raisins, and Eggs, Canada)
  • Tarte au Sucre (Quebec City Sugar Pie, Canada)
  • Caakiri (Sweetened Couscous Pudding, Cameroon Style, Central Africa)
  • Cocada Amarela (Golden Coconut Pudding, Central Africa)
  • Atol de Elote (Corn Beverage, El Salvador, Central America)
  • Cajeta de Coco (Coconut Fudge, Costa Rica, Central America)
  • Cassava Pone (Flour Cake/Pudding, Belize Style, Central America)
  • Cemita de Piña (Pineapple Jam-Filled Pastries, El Salvador, Central America)
  • Gofio (Spiced Pinol Corn Flour Cookies, Nicaragua, Central America)
  • Molletes (Sweet Custard-Filled Muffins, Guatemala, Central America)
  • Pastel Tres Leches (Three Milks Cake, Central America)
  • Queque Seco de Naranja (Orange Pound Cake, Costa Rica, Central America)
  • Tableta de Coco (Coconut Tablet, Honduras, Central America)
  • Baursaki (Fried Bread, Kazakhstan, Central Asia)
  • Çäkçäk (Chak Chak, Honey-Drenched Sweet Pastry Balls, Central Asia)
  • Mote con Huesillos (Wheat Berries with Dried Peach Compote, Chile)
  • Navegado (Mulled Wine, Chile)
  • Baked Moon Cakes (China/Malaysia)
  • Moon Cake “Golden Syrup”
  • Nian gao (Steamed New Year Cake, China)
  • Tang Yuan (Sticky Rice Balls with Red Bean Paste Filling, China)
  • Arroz con Leche (Rice Pudding, Colombian Style)
  • Cocadas (Chewy Coconut Balls, Colombia)
  • Dulce de Uchuvas (Sweet Uchuvas, Colombia)
  • Daktyla Kyrion (Ladies’ Fingers, Cyprus)
  • Loukoumades Kypriacoi (Donuts in Honey Syrup, Cyprus)
  • Bábovka (Light Rich Coffee Cake, Czech Republic)
  • Ovocné Knedlíky (Fruit Dumplings, Czech Republic)
  • Aunt Else's Æbleskivers (Popover-Like “Apple Slices” Pancakes, Denmark)
  • Danske Smorkager (Butter Cookies, Denmark)
  • Indian-Style Kulfi (Frozen Dairy Dessert, East Africa)
  • Colada Morada (Spiced Black Corn Flour Fruit Drink, Ecuador)
  • Pristiños con Miel (Christmas Fritters with Honey, Ecuador)
  • Basboosa (Semolina Cake with Floral Scented Syrup, Egypt, Sudan, and South Sudan)
  • Horchata de Chufa (Tigernut Cold Beverage, Egypt)
  • Rhubarb Crumble with Custard Sauce (England)
  • Victoria Sponge (Light Jam-Layered Cake, England)
  • Black Cake (Fruit-Filled Rum Cake, English Caribbean)
  • Busta (Coconut Candy, Jamaica)
  • Ohrapiparit (Barley Cookies, Finland)
  • Raparperikiisseli (Rhubarb Soup, Finland)
  • Clafoutis (Rustic Baked Fruit Dessert, France)
  • Tarte Tatin (Apple Tart, France)
  • Beyen (Fried Bananas, French Antilles)
  • Doukounou (Cornmeal Pudding, Haiti)
  • Tourments d'amour (“Torments of Love,” Special Coconut Jam-Filled Pastries, Terre-de-Haut, Les Saintes, Guadeloupe, The French Caribbean)
  • Churchkhela (Grape and Walnut Candy, Georgia)
  • Gozinaki (Honey Walnut Candy, Georgia)
  • Lebkuchen (Christmas Spice Cookies, Germany)
  • Schwarzwälder Kirschtorte (Black Forest Cake, Germany)
  • Baklava with Mixed Nuts (Classic Sweet Nutty Layered Phyllo Pastry, Greece)
  • Diples (Honey Rolls, Greece)
  • Hong Kong–Style French Toast (Hong Kong)
  • Mango Pudding (Hong Kong)
  • Injera (Flat Bread, Ethiopia and Eritrea, Horn of Africa)
  • Tsebhi Shiro (Spicy Peanuts, Eritrea, Horn of Africa)
  • Almás Pite (Sheet Cake Filled with Apples, Hungary)
  • Gerbeaud Szelet (Gerbeaud Slice, Hungary)
  • Vargabéles (Noodle Strudel Pie, Hungary)
  • Skúffukaka (Traditional Chocolate Sheet Cake, Iceland)
  • For the Icing:
  • Skyr Cake (Iceland)
  • Gulab Jamoons (aka Gulab Jamuns; Spongy Milky Balls Soaked in Rose-Scented Sugar Syrup, India)
  • Mango Lassi (Sweet Mango Yoghurt Drink, India)
  • Payasam (Sweet Rice Pudding, India)
  • Rasgullas (Traditional Sweet Paneer Balls Soaked in Syrup, Bengal, India)
  • Wingko-Babad (Sweet Coconut and Sugar Cakes, Indonesia)
  • Gotab (Almond Crescent Cookies, Iran)
  • Nane Shirini (Persian Butter Cookies, Iran)
  • Kleicha (Date-Filled Cookies, Iraq)
  • Zalabia (Fritters in Syrup, Iraq)
  • Summer Pudding (Ireland)
  • Unyeasted Barmbrack (Currant and Raisin Bread, Ireland)
  • Yeast Loaf (Currant and Raisin Bread, Ireland)
  • Challah (Jewish Braided Sabbath Bread, Israel)
  • Lekach (Honey Cake, Israel)
  • Gubana (Sweet Easter Bread, Fruili Region, Italy)
  • Salame di Cioccolato (Chocolate Salami, Emilia-Romagna, Italy)
  • Zuccotto (Almond and Chocolate Cake, Tuscany, Italy)
  • Botamochi and Ohagi (Sweet Rice Balls and Sweet Azuki Bean Paste, Japan)
  • Oshiruko (Sweet Azuki Bean Soup, Japan)
  • Zunda Mochis (Sweetened Edamame and Mochi Rice, Japan)
  • “Jordan Almonds” (Fondant-Covered Whole Almonds, International)
  • Knafeh/Kunafeh/Kanafeh (Cheese Pastry in Sugar Syrup, Jordan/Arabian Peninsula/Israel/Egypt)
  • Mediterranean Aromatic Simple Syrup
  • Hotteok (Traditional Pancakes with Sweet Filling, Korea)
  • Yaksik (Sweet Sticky Rice, Korea)
  • Ahwah Baida (“White Coffee,” Lebanon)
  • Muhallabiya (Milk Pudding, Lebanon)
  • Znoud Al-Sit (“Lady's Upper Arms”; Phyllo Fingers filled with Ashta Cream, Lebanon)
  • For the Arabic Cream (Ashta/Kashta) to Be Used with Znoud Al-Sit and Other Regional Desserts
  • Apam Balik (“Malaysian Turnover Peanut Pancake”; Chin Loong Pau in Chinese)
  • Pandanus Coconut Cake with Palm Sugar Syrup (Malaysia)
  • Sago Gula Melaka (Sago Pudding with Palm Sugar, Malaysia)
  • Figolli (“Figures”/“Shapes” Almond-Flavored Cookies, Malta)
  • Qagħaq tal-Għasel (“Honey Rings,” Malta)
  • Flan Casero (Caramel Custard, Mexico)
  • Panqué Casero Integral (Carrot Pound Cake, Mexico)
  • Xocolātl (Traditional Mexican Chocolate Beverage, Mexico)
  • Prince Albert Millefeuille Pastry with Strawberries (Layered Puff Pastry with Custard Cream and Strawberries, Monaco)
  • Boortsog (Deep-Fried Butter Cookies, Mongolia)
  • Barfi (Fudge-Like Sweet and Dessert, Nepal)
  • Halwa (Thick Pudding-Like Dessert with Nuts and Raisins, Nepal)
  • Appeltaart/Appelgebak (Lattice-Top Real Dutch Apple Pie, Netherlands)
  • Bossche Bollen (“Den Bosch Chocolate Balls,” ‘s-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands)
  • Speculaas (Spiced Shortcrust Cookies, Netherlands)
  • Afghan Biscuits (Chocolate and Cornflake Cookies, New Zealand)
  • Anzac Biscuits (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps Biscuits, Australia/New Zealand)
  • Apple and Feijoa Cake (New Zealand)
  • Asida (Arabic Boiled Flour Pudding, Libya, North Africa—The Maghreb Region)
  • Bouzat Haleeb (Arabic Ice Cream, North Africa—The Maghreb Region)
  • Briwat Bi Loz (“Bride's Fingers,” Almond Pastries in Honey Syrup, Morocco, North Africa—The Maghreb Region)
  • Gharaiba Bil Laoz (Crescent Cookies, Libya, North Africa—The Maghreb Region)
  • Makroudh Lâassel (Almond-Filled Honeyed Semolina Cookies, Algeria, North Africa—The Maghreb Region)
  • Seffa (Sweet Couscous, Algeria, North Africa—The Maghreb Region)
  • Tmar Bi Loz (Dates Stuffed with Almond or Pistachio Paste, Morocco, North Africa—The Maghreb Region)
  • Yo-Yos (Honey Rings, Tunisia, North Africa—The Maghreb Region)
  • Apple, Blackberry, and Marmalade Crumble (Northern Ireland)
  • Carrageen Moss Blancmange (Northern Ireland)
  • Lemon Soufflé (Norway)
  • Sandkaker/Sandbakkel (Almond Butter-molded Cookies, Norway)
  • Snø Pudding with Custard Sauce (Snow Pudding, Norway)
  • Keke fa'i (Banana Cake, Samoa)
  • Po’e (Baked Fruit Pudding, Tahiti)
  • Talautu (Traditional Coconut Pineapple Sweet, Papua New Guinea)
  • Halva (Sweet Carrot Pudding, Pakistan)
  • Masala Chai (Spiced Tea, Pakistan)
  • Frejol Colado (Black Bean Pudding, Peru)
  • Suspiro de Limeña (“Sigh of a Lima Woman,” Caramel Meringue Parfait-Like Dessert, Peru)
  • Turrón de Doña Pepa (Anise and Honey Nougat, Lima, Peru)
  • Halo-Halo (Shaved-Ice Milk and Mixed Fruit Dessert, Philippines)
  • Puto (Steamed Rice Cakes, Philippines)
  • Babka (Yeast-Raised Easter Bread, Poland)
  • Piernik (Christmas Gingerbread, Poland)
  • Tort Miodu (Honey Cake, Poland)
  • Barrigas de Freiras (“Nuns’ Tummies,” a Sweet Egg Pudding, Portugal)
  • Bolo de Mel à Moda de Sagres (Sagres Honey Cake, Portugal)
  • Churros Portuguese Style (aka Farturas; Sugar Crullers, Portugal)
  • Clătite Romanesti (Crêpes, Romania)
  • Papanași (Sweet Cheese Fritters, Romania)
  • Salam de Biscuiti (“Salami Cookies,” Romania)
  • Blini (Crêpe-Like Pancakes, Russia)
  • Kulich (Easter Coffee Cake, Russia)
  • Pryaniki (Gingerbread, Russia)
  • Clootie Dumpling (Sweet Pudding Steamed in a Cloth, Scotland)
  • Cranachan (Oatmeal, Raspberry, Whisky, and Honey Dessert, Scotland)
  • Dundee Cake (Rich Cherry-Less Fruit Cake, Scotland)
  • Shortbread (Crumbly Buttery Sugar Cookies, Scotland)
  • Tablet (Semi-Hard Fudge-Like Sugar Confection, Scotland)
  • Honeydew Sago (Cold Tapioca-Like Sago Palm Pudding, Malaysia/Singapore)
  • Kuih Lapis (Colorful Steamed Layer Cake, Singapore/Malaysia)
  • Verkadalai Urundai (Sweet Peanut Balls, Singapore/India)
  • Dukátové Buchtičky (Ducat Cakes in Vanilla Cream, Slovakia)
  • Vianočka (Traditional Christmas Bread, Slovakia)
  • Bánh Tai Yến (Bird's Nest Cake, Vietnam)
  • Khao Nieow Ma Muang (Sticky Rice and Mango, Laos)
  • Mote Lone Yay Paw (“Round Snack Float on the Water” Rice Balls, Myanmar)
  • Nome Shek Chiene (Banana Fritters, Cambodia)
  • Sang Khja Lapov (Pumpkin Custard, Cambodia)
  • Koeksisters (South African-style Plaited Donuts, South Africa)
  • Malvapoeding (Sweet Malva Pudding, South Africa)
  • Melktert (Milk Tart, South Africa)
  • Soetkoekies (“Sweet Cookies,” South Africa)
  • Tameletjie (Brown Sugar Candy, South Africa)
  • Almendrados (Granadan Almond Macaroons, from 15th Century or Earlier, Spain)
  • Crema Catalana (Catalan Custard, Spain)
  • Fartons (Valencian Elongated Horchata Dunking Pastry, Spain)
  • Mel i Mató (Miel y Mató) (Catalan Cheese and Honey Dessert, Spain)
  • Orxata/Horchata de Chufa (Valencian Tigernut Sweet Drink for Dunking Fartons, Spain)
  • Pastel Vasco/Gâteau Basque (Basque Cake, Spain)
  • Arañitas (“Little Spiders”)/Arepitas de yuca (Cassava Fritters, Dominican Republic, The Spanish Caribbean)
  • Bizcocho Criolla (Vanilla Cake, Dominican Republic, The Spanish Caribbean)
  • Dominican Meringue (Suspiro) Frosting
  • Coconut Milk Tapioca Pudding (The Spanish Caribbean)
  • Mantecaditos (Almond Sugar Cookies, Puerto Rico, The Spanish Caribbean)
  • Tembleque de Coco (A Sweet Rich “Trembling/Wobbly” Creamy Coconut Custard, Puerto Rico, The Spanish Caribbean)
  • Ada de La Harpe's Christmas Cake (Sri Lanka)
  • Ada de La Harpe's “Singapore Pudding,” and Sago Pudding (Sri Lanka)
  • Ada de La Harpe's “Sweets” (Sweetened “Cajunuts”—Cashews, Sri Lanka)
  • Jordgubbstårta (Traditional Strawberry Cake, Sweden)
  • Francipankräm Filling (Almond Cream)
  • Pepparkakor (Crisp, Thin Gingersnaps, Sweden)
  • Sweet Soup/Fruit Soup (Sweden)
  • Basler Brunsli (“Basel Little Brown Ones,” Chocolate-Almond Spice Cookies, Switzerland)
  • Chnüblätz (“Knee cookies,” also Known as Fasnachtsküchlein, “Carnival Cookies,” Switzerland)
  • Mailänderli (“Little Milano” Cookies, Switzerland)
  • Karabeej Halab (Nut-filled Pastry of Aleppo, Syria)
  • Pistachio Halva Dessert (Nut-filled Pastry of Aleppo, Syria)
  • Tai Yang Bing (Sun Cakes, Taiwan)
  • Kluai Buat Chi (Banana Cooked in Coconut Milk, Thailand)
  • Sangkhaya (Coconut-Egg Custard, Thailand)
  • Sangkhaya Fakthong (Pumpkin Custard, Thailand)
  • Carrot Barfi (Tibetan Carrot Fudge Dessert, Tibet)
  • Kapse (Fritters, Tibet)
  • Sikarni (Spiced Sweet Yoghurt-Pistachio Dessert, Tibet)
  • Helva-ı Sâbûnî (Honey-Almond Candy, Turkey)
  • Lokum (Turkish Delight, Turkey)
  • Babka (Apple Cheese Cake, Ukraine)
  • Pampushky (Jam-Filled Donuts, Ukraine)
  • Povýdlo (Cooked Fruit Pulp, Ukraine)
  • Appalachian Apple Stack Cake (United States)
  • Dried Apple Filling
  • Banana Split (United States)
  • Butter Drop Cookies (Modern Adaptation of Amelia Simmons's 1796 Recipe) (United States)
  • Hummingbird Cake (United States)
  • Ojibwa American Indian Fry Bread—“Indian Donuts” (United States)
  • The Original Girl Scout Cookies, ca. 1922 (United States)
  • Thomas Jefferson's Savoy Biscuit [Small Cake] Recipe, 1780s (United States)
  • Thomas Jefferson's Vanilla Ice Cream, 1780s (United States)
  • Modern Version of Thomas Jefferson's Vanilla Ice Cream Recipe
  • True New York Cheesecake (United States)
  • Twelve-Egg Chiffon Cake (United States)
  • Bien me Sabe de Coco (Venezuelan Coconut Cream Cake, Venezuela)
  • Dulce de Lechoza (Caramelized Papaya, Venezuela)
  • Polvorosas (“Dusty” Cookies, Venezuela)
  • Quesillo (A Dessert Similar to Crème Caramel, Venezuela)
  • Bara Brith (Speckled Bread, Wales)
  • Welsh Cakes (Wales)
  • Banana Peanut Cake (Ghana, West Africa)
  • Kanyah (Sugar Peanuts, Sierra Leone, West Africa)
  • Selected Bibliography
  • About the Authors