Contemporary World Issues: Science and Political Controversy: A Reference Handbook

Editor/Author Newton, David E.
Publication Year: 2014
Publisher: ABC-CLIO

Single-User Purchase Price: $58.00
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: $87.00
ISBN: 978-1-61-069319-6
Category: Social Sciences - Contemporary Issues & Controversies
Image Count: 8
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

"Science and Political Controversy: A Reference Handbook" examines how the government has facilitated research for the public good and the ways in which politicians have manipulated data to serve political ends around a broad array of controversies, from stem cell research to energy development, chemical health risks, and climate change.

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Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • 1 Background and History
  • Greek Science in Decline
  • The Rise of Modern Science
  • What Is Science?
  • The Organization of Science
  • What Is the Purpose of Science?
  • The Industrial Revolution
  • The French Revolution
  • The Origins of Science in America
  • The Growth of Basic Research in the United States
  • Science and Politics in the Mid-20th Century
  • The Soviet Union
  • Nazi Germany
  • Great Britain
  • Conclusion
  • 2 Problems, Controversies, and Solutions
  • Galileo Revisited: The Case of J. Robert Oppenheimer
  • The Science behind the Politics
  • Reaction in the United States
  • Oppenheimer, the Manhattan Project, and Reaction
  • The Space Race and the Apollo Program
  • Big Science, Little Science
  • The Superconducting Super Collider
  • The Strategic Defense Initiative
  • Science Interruptus
  • The Evils of Marijuana
  • Issues of Human Sexuality
  • Abstinence-Only Education
  • Plan B
  • Global Climate Change
  • Conclusion
  • 3 Perspectives
  • Introduction
  • The Politics of Human Embryonic Stem Cells, Sandy Becker
  • Kitzmiller v. Dover in Focus, Glenn Branch
  • Science Is Not a Liberal Conspiracy, Allan B. Cobb
  • Rowland's Recipe for Climate Treaty Success, Joel Grossman
  • The Evolving Dispute over Teaching Darwinism - Phill Jones
  • A Satellite Launches More Controversy
  • Antievolutionists Struggle to Adapt Tactics
  • The Politics of Genetically Modified Foods, - Bill Loftus
  • Science, Politics, and High Energy Physics, - Michael Perricone
  • Lysenko's Revenge: Science, Politics, and Hot Rhetoric, - John Galbraith Simmons
  • The Corruption of Climate Science by Leftist Politics, - A. J. Smuskiewicz
  • Oil and Water—The Political Mix of the 21st Century, - Lana Straub
  • 4 Profiles
  • Introduction
  • Todd Akin (1947–)
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • Jonathan Beckwith (1935–)
  • Coalition on the Public Understanding of Science
  • Teresa Stanton Collett
  • Federation of American Scientists
  • Sir Francis Galton (1822–1911)
  • Government Accountability Project
  • Edward R. Korman (1942–)
  • Philipp Lenard (1862–1947)
  • John Marburger (1941–2011)
  • National Academy of Sciences
  • National Center for Science Education
  • Plato (428/427–348/347 bce)
  • Project on Scientific Knowledge and Public Policy
  • Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility
  • Ronald Reagan (1911–2004)
  • Eugenie C. Scott (1945–)
  • Kathleen Sebelius (1948–)
  • B. F. Skinner (1904–1990)
  • Union of Concerned Scientists
  • 5 Data and Documents
  • Introduction
  • Data
  • Table 5.1: Impact of Abstinence-Only Education Programs on Behavior
  • Table 5.2: Survey of FDA Scientists. Percent of Scientists Expressing Each Opinion on Each Question
  • Documents
  • The Republic, by Plato (ca. 389 bce)
  • Whistleblower Protection Act of 1989
  • Abortion and Breast Cancer Legislation (1990s)
  • Politics and Science in the Federal Government (2003)
  • Gil Garcetti, et al., Petitioners v. Richard Ceballos, 547 U.S. 410 (2006)
  • Politicization of the Surgeon General's Office (2007)
  • In the Matter of Julie MacDonald (2008)
  • Interference at the EPA: Science and Politics at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (2008)
  • State of Louisiana, Act No. 473, Regular Session 2008
  • Proposed Amendments to H.R. 1 (2011)
  • Allegation of Scientific and Scholarly Misconduct and Reprisal (2012)
  • Annie Tummino, et al.,—against—Margaret Hamburg, Commissioner of Food and Drugs, et al., No. 12-cv-763 (ERK) (VVP) (2013)
  • Draft High Quality Research Act (2013)
  • 6 Resources for Further Research
  • Introduction
  • Books
  • Articles
  • Reports
  • Internet Resources
  • 7 Chronology
  • 8 Glossary
  • About the Author