Race and Racism in the United States: An Encyclopedia of the American Mosaic

Editors: Gallagher, Charles A. and Lippard, Cameron D.
Publication Year: 2014
Publisher: Greenwood

Single-User Purchase Price: $399.00
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: $598.50
ISBN: 978-1-44-080345-1
Category: Social Sciences - Ethnic Studies
Image Count: 186
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

This set is the largest and most complete of its kind, covering every facet of race relations in the United States while providing information in a user-friendly format that allows easy cross-referencing of related topics for efficient research and learning.The work serves as an accessible tool for high school researchers, provides important material for undergraduate students enrolled in a variety of humanities and social sciences courses, and is an outstanding ready reference for race scholars.

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Table of Contents

  • Topical List of Entries
  • List of Primary Documents
  • Preface
  • Introduction
  • Chronology
  • VOLUME 1: A-E
  • A
  • 287(g) Delegation of Immigration Authority
  • Abernathy Ralph David (1926–1990)
  • Abolitionist Movement
  • Abraham Lincoln and the Emancipation of Slaves
  • Abu-Jamal, Mumia (b. 1954)
  • Academic Racism
  • Accommodationism
  • “Acting White”
  • Advertising
  • Affirmative Action
  • African American Humor and Comic Traditions
  • African Blood Brotherhood
  • Alabama Council on Human Relations (1954–1961)
  • Albany Civil Rights Movement
  • Alexander v. Sandoval (2001)
  • al-Qaeda
  • American Apartheid
  • American Dilemma, An
  • American Dream Ideology
  • American Eugenics Movement
  • American G.I. Forum (AGIF)
  • American Indian Movement (AIM)
  • American Indian Religious Freedom Act (1978)
  • American Literature and Racism
  • Americanization Movement
  • Amos ’n’ Andy
  • Anchor Baby
  • Anti-Chinese Sentiments
  • Anti-Immigrant Movement
  • Anti-Immigrant Sentiment
  • Anti-Lynching Campaign
  • Anti-Lynching League
  • Anti-Lynching Legislation
  • Anti-Miscegenation Laws
  • Anti-Racism
  • Anti-Semitism in the United States
  • Arab American Institute (AAI)
  • Arab/Muslim American Advocacy Organizations
  • Archie Bunker Bigotry
  • Arizona House Bill 2281 (HB 2281) (2010)
  • Arizona Senate Bill 1070 (SB 1070) (2010)
  • Aryan Brotherhood
  • Aryan Nations
  • Asbury Park (New Jersey) Riot of 1970
  • Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund (AALDEF)
  • Assimilation
  • Assimilation Theory
  • Atlanta Compromise, The
  • Atlanta (Georgia) Riot of 1906
  • Atlanta (Georgia) Riot of 1967
  • B
  • Back to Africa Movement
  • Baldwin, James (1924–1987)
  • Baraka, Amiri (b. 1934)
  • Basketball
  • Bates, Daisy (1914–1999)
  • Baton Rouge Bus Boycott
  • Batson v. Kentucky (1986)
  • Beauty Standards
  • Belafonte, Harry (b. 1927)
  • Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life
  • Bellecourt, Clyde (b. 1939)
  • Bellingham Riots (1907)
  • Bensonhurst (New York) Incident (1989)
  • Berea College v. Kentucky (1908)
  • Bernhard Goetz Case
  • Bethune Mary McLeod (1875–1955)
  • Bigotry
  • Bilingual Education
  • Biloxi Beach (Mississippi) Riot of 1960
  • Biological Determinism
  • Biological Racism
  • Birth of a Nation, The
  • Birthers
  • Black and Non-Black Hierarchy
  • Black Anti-Semitism
  • Black Arts Movement (BAM)
  • Black Bourgeoisie
  • Black Cabinet
  • Black Church Arsons
  • Black Churches
  • Black Codes
  • Black Family Instability Thesis
  • Black Feminist Thought
  • Black Like Me
  • Black Manifesto
  • Black Middle Class
  • Black Nationalism
  • Black Panther Party (BPP)
  • Black Power
  • Black Self-Defense
  • Black Separatism
  • Black Soldiers and Lynching
  • Black Women and Lynching
  • Blackface
  • Blaming-the-Victim Argument
  • Blanqueamiento
  • Blepharoplasty
  • Blockbusting
  • Blood Quantum
  • Bloody Sunday
  • Blues
  • Blumenbach, Johann (1752–1840)
  • Boat/Jet People
  • Boldt Decision (1974)
  • Bolling v. Sharpe (1954)
  • “Bombingham”
  • Boston (Massachusetts) Riots of 1975 and 1976
  • Bracero Program
  • Brooklyn Dodgers
  • Brown, H. Rap (b. 1943)
  • Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
  • Brown v. Board of Education Legal Groundwork
  • Brownsville (Texas) Incident of 1906
  • Buchanan v. Warley (1917)
  • Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA)
  • Busing
  • C
  • California Ballot Proposition 187 (1994)
  • California Ballot Proposition 209 (1996)
  • California Ballot Proposition 54 (2002)
  • Carmichael, Stokely (1941–1998)
  • Carver George Washington (1864–1943)
  • Casinos
  • Castration
  • Castro, Sal (1933–2013)
  • Cesare Lombroso Theory
  • Chain Migration
  • Charleston (South Carolina) Riot of 1919
  • Chattanooga (Tennessee) Riot of 1906
  • Chávez, César (1927–1993)
  • Chester and Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) Riots of 1918
  • Chicago Commission on Race Relations
  • Chicago (Illinois) Riot of 1919
  • Chicana Feminism
  • Chicano Movement
  • Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
  • Christian Identity Hate Groups
  • Cincinnati (Ohio) Riots of 1967 and 1968
  • Cincinnati (Ohio) Riot of 2001
  • Cinema in the Jim Crow Era
  • Civil Rights Act of 1875
  • Civil Rights Act of 1957
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • Civil Rights Act of 1968
  • Civil Rights Movement
  • Civilian Conservation Corps
  • Clansman, The
  • Clark Doll Study
  • Cleaver, Eldridge (1935–1998)
  • Cleveland (Ohio) Riot of 1966
  • Cobell v. Salazar (2009)
  • Code of the Street
  • COINTELPRO (Counter Intelligence Program)
  • Cold War
  • College Admission, Discrimination in
  • Color-Blind Racism
  • Colored Farmers’ Alliance (CFA)
  • Combahee River Collective (CRC)
  • Commemoration Movement
  • Confederate Flag Controversy
  • Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
  • Connor, “Bull” (1897–1973)
  • Conyers John Jr. (b. 1929)
  • Coolie
  • Cooper Anna Julia (1858–1964)
  • Cooper v. Aaron (1958)
  • Cosby, Bill (b. 1937)
  • Cosmetics
  • Costigan-Wagner Anti-Lynching Bill
  • Crack versus Cocaine
  • Craniometry
  • Crime and Race
  • Criminal Justice System and Racial Discrimination
  • Crusade for Justice (CFJ)
  • Cultural Genocide
  • Cultural Racism
  • Culture
  • Culture of Poverty
  • Cumming v. Richmond County Board of Education (1899)
  • Cumulative Discrimination
  • D
  • Dahmer, Vernon (1908–1966)
  • Dawes Act (1887)
  • Day Laborers
  • De Jure and De Facto Segregation
  • Declining Significance of Race, The
  • Derogatory Terms
  • Desegregation
  • Detroit (Michigan) Riot of 1943
  • Detroit (Michigan) Riot of 1967
  • Digital Divide
  • Discrimination
  • Disenfranchisement
  • Disproportionality Index Scores
  • Diversities, Ethnic and Racial
  • Dixiecrats
  • Do the Right Thing
  • Domestic Violence
  • Domestic Work
  • Don Imus Controversy
  • “Don't Buy Where You Can't Work” Campaign
  • Double V Campaign
  • Down Low
  • Downward Mobility
  • Driving While Black, Stopping People for
  • Du Bois W.E.B. (1868–1963)
  • Dyer Leonidas C. (1871–1952)
  • E
  • East St. Louis (Illinois) Riot of 1917
  • Economic Opportunity Act of 1964
  • Education and African Americans
  • Educational Achievement Gap
  • El Teatro Campesino
  • Election Riots of the 1880s and 1890s
  • Ellison, Ralph (1914–1994)
  • Eminent Domain
  • Emmett Till Murder
  • End of Racism, The
  • English-Only Movement
  • Environmental Racism
  • Equal Rights League
  • Ethnic Enclaves
  • Ethnic Options: Choosing Identities in America
  • Ethnic Retention and School Performance
  • Ethnic Studies
  • Ethnicity
  • Ethnogenesis
  • Evers, Medgar (1925–1963)
  • Executive Order 9808
  • Executive Order 9981
  • VOLUME 2: F-M
  • F
  • Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC)
  • Fair Housing Act of 1968
  • Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988
  • Fair Housing Audit
  • Farmer, James (1920–1999)
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
  • Felon Disenfranchisement
  • Fifteenth Amendment (1870)
  • Films and Racial Stereotypes
  • Financial Institutions and Racial Discrimination
  • Fire Next Time, The
  • Florida Effect
  • Folsom, James (1908–1987)
  • Football
  • Forman, James (1928–2005)
  • Fortune T. Thomas (1856–1928)
  • Fourteenth Amendment (1868)
  • Frazier E. Franklin (1894–1962)
  • Freedom Rides
  • Freedom Summer (Mississippi) of 1964
  • Fugitive Slave Act (1793)
  • Furtive Movement
  • G
  • Galton, Francis (1822–1911)
  • Garment Workers
  • Garvey, Marcus (1887–1940)
  • Gatekeeping
  • Gates/Crowley Incident, The
  • Genocide
  • Genotype versus Phenotype
  • G.I. Bill of Rights (1944)
  • Gibson, Althea (1927–2003)
  • Goddard Henry H. (1866–1957)
  • Gonzales, Corky (1928–2005)
  • Gonzales v. Abercrombie & Fitch Stores (2003)
  • Good Hair
  • Gospel Music
  • Government Initiatives after the September 11, 2001, Attack on the United States
  • Gray, Garland (1901–1977)
  • Gray Commission
  • Great Depression
  • Great Migration, The
  • Great Retreat
  • Greensboro Four
  • Greensburg (Indiana) Riot of 1906
  • Greenwood Community (Tulsa, Oklahoma)
  • Griffith D. W. (1875–1948)
  • Griggs, Sutton (1872–1933)
  • Guadalupe Hidalgo, Treaty of
  • Gutiérrez, José Angel (b. 1944)
  • H
  • H-2A Visa
  • Hamer Fannie Lou (1917–1956)
  • Hammerskin Nation
  • Harlan John Marshall (1833–1911)
  • Harlem (New York) Riot of 1935
  • Harlem Youth Opportunities Unlimited (HARYOU)
  • Harlins, Latasha (1976–1991)
  • Hate Crimes in America
  • Hate Groups in America
  • Hawkins, Yusef (1973–1989)
  • Hayes-Tilden Compromise of 1877
  • Health Care Access
  • Health Gap
  • Hereditarians versus Environmentalists
  • Hidden Curriculum
  • Hip-Hop
  • Hiring Practices
  • Historically Black Colleges and Universities
  • History of U.S. Census Racial Categorizations
  • Holiday, Billie (1915–1959)
  • Hollywood and Minority Actors
  • Homelessness and Minority Groups
  • Hoover J. Edgar (1895–1972)
  • Housing Covenants
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Houston (Texas) Mutiny of 1917
  • Howard Beach (New York) Incident (1986)
  • Hughes, Langston (1902–1967)
  • Hurricane Katrina
  • Hypersegregation
  • Hypodescent (One Drop Rule)
  • I
  • Identity Politics
  • Ideological Racism
  • Illegitimacy Rates
  • Immigration Acts
  • Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)
  • Implicit Bias
  • Indian Claims Commission
  • Indian Removal and the Creation of Indian Territory
  • Indian Reorganization Act (1934)
  • Indian Reservations
  • Institutional Discrimination
  • Institutional Racism
  • Integration
  • Intelligence Testing
  • Intergenerational Social Mobility
  • Internal Colonialism
  • Internalized Racism
  • Internet Racism
  • Interracial Marriage
  • Intersectionality
  • Invisible Hand, The
  • Iran Hostage Crisis and Anti-Iranian Stereotypes
  • Islamic Fundamentalism
  • Islamofascism
  • Islamophobia
  • J
  • Jackson, Jesse (b. 1941)
  • James Byrd Jr. Murder
  • Japanese American Citizens League (JACL)
  • Japanese Americans, Redress Movement for
  • Japanese Internment
  • Jazz
  • Jena Six
  • Jensen, Arthur (1923–2012)
  • Jesse Washington Lynching
  • Jewish-Black Conflicts
  • Jim Crow Laws
  • Jimmie Lee Jackson Murder
  • Johnson, Jack (1878–1946)
  • Johnson John H. (1918–2005)
  • Johnson-Jeffries Fight of 1910, Riots Following
  • Journal of Negro History
  • Journalism and Racial Stereotypes
  • Juneteenth Celebration
  • K
  • Kansas Exodusters
  • Kennedy John F. (1917–1963)
  • Kennedy Robert F. (1925–1968)
  • Kerner, Otto (1908–1976)
  • Kerner Commission Report (1968)
  • King Martin Luther Jr. (1929–1968)
  • Knights of Labor
  • Knoxville (Tennessee) Riot of 1919
  • Ku Klux Klan (KKK)
  • L
  • La Raza Unida Party
  • Labor Movement, Racism in
  • Labor Unions
  • Laissez-Faire Racism
  • Lamarckism Theory
  • Lawson James Morris Jr. (b. 1928)
  • League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)
  • Lee, Spike (b. 1957)
  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Intersex, Queer, and Queer Questioning Community (LGBTQ)
  • Levittowns
  • Linnaeus, Carolus (1707–1778)
  • Little Rock Nine
  • Locke Alain LeRoy (1886–1954)
  • Long Hot Summer Riots (1965–1967)
  • Longoria, Félix (1917–1945)
  • Longview (Texas) Riot of 1919
  • Los Angeles (California) Riot of 1965
  • Los Angeles (California) Riots of 1992
  • Los Angeles Chinatown Massacre of 1871
  • Lowery, Joseph (b. 1928)
  • Lowndes County Freedom Organization (LCFO)
  • Lucy, Autherine (b. 1929)
  • Lynching
  • M
  • Mack Charles Parker Lynching
  • Madrigal v. Quilligan (1978)
  • Magical Negro Films
  • Magnet and Charter Schools
  • Malcolm X (1925–1965)
  • Manifest Destiny
  • Mara Salvatrucha (MS) 13
  • March on Washington Movement
  • March on Washington of 1963
  • Marked
  • Marrow of Tradition, The
  • Marshall, Thurgood (1908–1992)
  • Martin Luther King Jr. Assassination
  • Mary Turner Lynching
  • Masculinity, Black and White
  • Matched-Pair Housing Audits
  • Mays, Willie (b. 1931)
  • McCleskey v. Kemp (1987)
  • Means, Russell (1939–2012)
  • Medgar Evers Assassination
  • Mel Gibson Incidents
  • Melting Pot Theory
  • Mendez v. Westminster (1947)
  • Meredith, James (b. 1933)
  • Meriam Report
  • Meritocracy
  • Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund (MALDEF)
  • Mexican-American War
  • Mexican Repatriation
  • Miami (Florida) Riot of 1982
  • Michael Richards Incident
  • Middleman Minorities
  • Migrant Workers
  • Minstrelsy
  • Minuteman Project, The
  • Miscegenation
  • “Missing White Woman” Syndrome
  • Mississippi Plan (1890)
  • Mixed Race Relationships and the Media
  • Model Minority Thesis
  • Modern Racism
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott
  • Moore v. Dempsey (1923)
  • Mosque at Ground Zero
  • Motley Constance Baker (1921–1985)
  • Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlán (MEChA)
  • Moynihan Daniel Patrick (1927–2003)
  • Muhammad, Elijah (1897–1975)
  • Multiculturalism
  • Multiracial Identity
  • Music Industry, Racism in
  • Muslim Brotherhood
  • Muslims, Terrorist Image of
  • Myrdal, Gunnar (1898–1987)
  • VOLUME 3: N-T
  • N
  • NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund
  • Nadir of the Negro, The
  • Narrowcasting
  • Nation of Islam (NOI)
  • National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
  • National Association of Colored Women (NACW)
  • National Chicano Moratorium
  • National Origins Act of 1924
  • National Urban League
  • Native American Boarding Schools
  • Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (1990)
  • Native Americans, Conquest of
  • Native Americans, Forced Relocation of
  • Nativism and the Anti-Immigrant Movements
  • Naturalization and Citizenship Process
  • Nature of Prejudice, The
  • Nazism
  • Negro League Baseball
  • Negroes with Guns
  • Neighborhood Property Owners Associations
  • Neo-Confederate Movement
  • New Bedford (Massachusetts) Riot of 1970
  • New Deal
  • New Jim Crow, The
  • New Negro Movement
  • New Orleans (Louisiana) Riot of 1866
  • New York City Draft Riot of 1863
  • New York City Riot of 1943
  • Newark (New Jersey) Riot of 1967
  • Newton Huey P. (1942–1989)
  • Niagara Movement
  • Non-white Racism
  • Noose Incidents
  • O
  • Obama, Barack (b. 1961)
  • Occupation of Alcatraz Island
  • Operation Wetback
  • Opportunity Hoarding
  • Oppositional Culture
  • Orangeburg (South Carolina) Massacre of 1968
  • Orientalism
  • Owens, Jesse (1913–1980)
  • Ozawa v. United States (1922)
  • P
  • Paine, Thomas (1737–1809)
  • Panethnic Identity (Panethnicity)
  • Panethnic Movements
  • Parks, Rosa (1913–2005)
  • Passing
  • Passing of the Great Race, The
  • Patriot Act of 2001
  • Peltier, Leonard (b. 1944)
  • Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) Riot of 1964
  • Pimps and Hoes Parties
  • Plantation System
  • Plessy, Homer (1862–1925)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
  • Pluralism
  • Poitier, Sidney (b. 1927)
  • Police Brutality
  • Political Correctness (P.C.)
  • Poll Taxes
  • Poor People's Campaign
  • Post-Racialism
  • Powell v. Alabama (1932)
  • Preachers
  • Predatory Lending
  • Prejudice
  • Prejudice Theory
  • Prison Gangs
  • Prison-Industrial Complex
  • Prison Riots
  • Prisons
  • R
  • Race
  • Race Card
  • Race Relations Cycle
  • Race Relations in the Post–Civil Rights Era
  • Race Riots in America
  • Racial Customs and Etiquette
  • Racial Disparities in Capital Punishment
  • Racial Earnings Gap
  • Racial Essentialism
  • Racial Gerrymandering
  • Racial Profiling
  • Racial Projects
  • Racial Segregation
  • Racial Socialization
  • Racial Steering
  • Racial Stigmatization
  • Racial Taxonomy
  • Racial Threat Theory
  • Racialized Poverty
  • Racism
  • Racism and Athletic Coaching
  • Racism without Racists
  • Racist Nativism
  • Radio
  • Radio Free Dixie
  • Randolph A. Philip (1889–1979)
  • Randolph, Benjamin Franklin (c. 1820–1868)
  • Rap Music
  • Rape and Racism
  • Rape as Provocation for Lynching
  • Reconstruction Era
  • Red Power Movement
  • Red Scare and Race Riots
  • Red Summer Race Riots of 1919
  • Reparations
  • Reservations and Casinos
  • Residential Segregation
  • Reverse Discrimination
  • Reverse Racism
  • Reverse Redlining
  • Rhythm and Blues
  • Rice Thomas D. (1808–1860)
  • Robinson, Jackie (1919–1972)
  • Rock and Roll
  • Rodney King Beating
  • Roosevelt, Eleanor (1884–1962)
  • Roosevelt Franklin D. (1882–1945)
  • Rope and Faggot: A Biography of Judge Lynch
  • Rosewood (Florida) Riot of 1923
  • Runaway Slave Advertisements
  • Rustin, Bayard (1912–1987)
  • S
  • Sainte Genevieve (Missouri) Riot of 1930
  • San Francisco (California) Riot of 1966
  • Savage Inequalities
  • Scapegoat Theory of Racial Prejudice
  • School Segregation
  • School-to-Prison Pipeline
  • Scott v. Sandford (1857)
  • Scottsboro Boys Case (1931)
  • Secure Communities
  • Sedimentation
  • Segmented Assimilation
  • Segregation
  • Segregation, Rural
  • Segregation, Suburban
  • Segregation, Voluntary versus Involuntary
  • Sellers, Cleveland (b. 1944)
  • Sentencing Disparities
  • Separate But Equal Doctrine
  • September 11, 2001, Terrorism, Discriminatory Reactions to
  • Sharecropping
  • Sharia Law
  • Sharpton, Al (b. 1954)
  • Shelley v. Kraemer (1948)
  • Shotgun Policy
  • Simmons William J. (1882–1945)
  • Sioux Outbreak of 1890
  • Sit-Ins
  • Skin Lightening
  • Slave Codes
  • Slave Families
  • Slave Revolts and White Attacks on Black Slaves
  • Slave Songs
  • Slave Trade
  • Slave Women and Sexual Violence
  • Slavery
  • Slavery and American Indians
  • Slavery in the Antebellum South
  • Sleepy Lagoon Case (1942)
  • Social Construction of Race
  • Social Darwinism
  • Social Distance
  • Some Other Race (SOR)
  • Sotomayor, Sonia (b. 1954)
  • Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
  • Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC)
  • Southern Tenant Farmers’ Union (STFU)
  • Spanish-American War
  • Spatial Mismatch Theory
  • Split-Labor Market Theory
  • Sports and Racism
  • Sports in the Jim Crow Era
  • Sports Mascots
  • Springfield (Ohio) Riot of 1904
  • State Apparatus
  • Statistical Discrimination
  • Stereotype
  • Stereotype Threat
  • Sterilization of Native American Women
  • “Strange Fruit”
  • Streetcars and Boycotts
  • Structural Discrimination
  • Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
  • Sundown Towns
  • Sweet Ossian H. (1894–1960)
  • Symbolic Ethnicity
  • Symbolic Racism
  • Systemic Racism
  • T
  • Takaki, Ronald (1939–2009)
  • Talbert Mary B. (1866–1923)
  • Talmadge, Eugene (1884–1946)
  • Tampa (Florida) Riots of 1987
  • Tea Party
  • Television and Racial Stereotypes
  • Television Drama and Racism
  • Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF)
  • Terrell Mary Church (1863–1954)
  • Terrorism
  • Texas Southern University Riot of 1967
  • Third Wave Whiteness
  • Thirty Years of Lynching in the United States: 1889–1918
  • Thomas, Clarence (b. 1948)
  • Three Strikes Laws
  • Tijerina, Reies López (b. 1926)
  • Tillman, Ben (1847–1918)
  • Toomer, Jean (1894–1967)
  • Trail of Broken Treaties (1972)
  • Trayvon Martin Case
  • Tribal Sovereignty
  • Tripping over the Color Line
  • Tri-racialization
  • Trotter William Monroe (1872–1934)
  • Troy Davis Case (2011)
  • Truman Harry S. (1884–1972)
  • Tulsa (Oklahoma) Riot of 1921
  • Turner Henry McNeal (1834–1915)
  • Tuskegee Experiment
  • VOLUME 4 U–Documents
  • U
  • UC Berkeley Bake Sale
  • Unauthorized Immigration
  • Underclass, The (Ghetto Poor)
  • Underground Railroad
  • United Farm Workers
  • United States Border Patrol
  • Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA)
  • Urban Renewal
  • U.S. Commission on Civil Rights (USCCR)
  • U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
  • U.S. Immigration Acts
  • U.S. v. Cruikshank (1875)
  • U.S. v. Reese (1876)
  • V
  • Valdez, Luis (b. 1940)
  • Veterans Groups
  • Vietnam War and Race Riots
  • Vigilantism
  • Vincent Chin Case (1982)
  • Vocational Education
  • Voter ID Requirements
  • Voting and Race
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965
  • W
  • Wages of Whiteness, The
  • Wallace, George (1919–1998)
  • War and Racial Inequality
  • War on Poverty and the Great Society
  • Waring J. Waties (1880–1968)
  • Washington Booker T. (1858–1915)
  • Washington (D.C.) Riot of 1919
  • Washington (D.C.) Riots of 1968
  • Watson Thomas E. (1856–1922)
  • Welfare Queens
  • Wells-Barnett Ida B. (1862–1931)
  • When Affirmative Action Was White
  • White, Walter (1893–1955)
  • White Citizens’ Council
  • White Flight
  • White League
  • White Mobs
  • White Nationalism
  • White Privilege
  • White Savior Films
  • White Supremacy
  • Whiteness Studies
  • Wilkins, Roy (1901–1981)
  • Williams, Bert (1874–1922)
  • Williams Robert F. (1925–1996)
  • Williams v. Mississippi (1898)
  • Wilmington (North Carolina) Riot of 1898
  • Women of All Red Nations (WARN)
  • Works Progress Administration (WPA)
  • World War I
  • World War II
  • Wounded Knee Massacre
  • X
  • Xenophobia
  • Z
  • Zoot Suit Riots
  • Primary Documents
  • Massachusetts Slaves’ Petition (1777)
  • Pennsylvania Act for the Gradual Abolition of Slavery (1780)
  • Alexander Falconbridge: Describing the African Slave Trade (1788)
  • Olaudah Equiano: Horrors of the Middle Passage (1789)
  • Fugitive Slave Act (1793)
  • Fear of Slave Revolt in New Orleans (1804)
  • Act to Prohibit the Importation of Slaves (1807)
  • Andrew Jackson: Indian Removal Message to Congress (1829)
  • Indian Removal Act (1830)
  • Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831)
  • Slave Codes of the State of Georgia (1848)
  • Excerpts from Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848)
  • The Emancipation Proclamation (1863)
  • Fourteenth Amendment (June 1866)
  • Excerpts from the Report of the Select House Committee on the Memphis Riots of May 1866 (July 25, 1866)
  • Report of the Federal Grand Jury on the Activities of the Ku Klux Klan in South Carolina (1871)
  • The Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)
  • Excerpt from the Dawes Act (1887)
  • Excerpts from Ida B. Wells’ Exposé on Lynching (The Red Record, 1895)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
  • Excerpt from the Draft Report of the 1898 Wilmington Race Riot Commission (December 2005)
  • Thomas Dixon's Preface to His Novel, The Clansman (1905)
  • Excerpts from Various Newspaper Accounts of Disorders Following the Jack Johnson–James Jeffries Fight (July 4, 1910)
  • Account of the Riots in East St. Louis, Illinois (July 1917)
  • A Southern Black Woman's Letter Regarding the Recent Riots in Chicago and Washington (November 1919)
  • Excerpts from the NAACP Report Thirty Years of Lynching in the United States: 1889–1918 (1919)
  • Excerpts from the “Anti-Lynching” Hearings Held before the House Judiciary Committee (January 1920)
  • Excerpt from the Cook County Coroner's Report Regarding the 1919 Chicago Race Riots (1920)
  • Excerpt from the Final Report of the Grand Jury on the Tulsa Race Riot (June 25, 1921)
  • Excerpts from the Transcripts of Bee Publishing Company v. State of Nebraska Regarding the Lynching That Occurred in Omaha in September 1919 (November 17, 1921)
  • Excerpts of Testimony from Laney v. United States Describing Events during the Washington, D.C., Riot of July 1919 (December 3, 1923)
  • The National Origins Act of 1924 (Johnson-Reed Act)
  • Excerpts from the Mayor's Commission on Conditions in Harlem (1935)
  • Executive Order 9066 (February 1942)
  • Brown v. Board of Education (May 1954)
  • Méndez v. Westminster (1954)
  • The Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • Excerpt from the Immigration and Naturalization Act of 1965
  • Excerpts from the Moynihan Report (March 1965)
  • Excerpt from the Governor's Commission Report on the Watts Riots (December 1965)
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965
  • Executive Order 11246 (1965), as Amended
  • Excerpts from Cyrus R. Vance's Report on the Riots in Detroit (July–August 1967)
  • Bilingual Education Act (1968)
  • Excerpt from the Kerner Commission Report (1968)
  • Furman v. Georgia (1972)
  • Boldt Decision (1974)
  • Lau v. Nichols (1974)
  • Albermarle Paper Co. v. Moody (1975)
  • American Indian Religious Freedom Act (1978)
  • Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978)
  • Summary of the Immigration Reform and Control Act (Simpson-Mazzoli Act) (1986)
  • California v. Cabazon Band of Mission Indians (1987)
  • Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (1990)
  • Board of Education v. Dowell (1991)
  • Progress Report of the Presidential Task Force on Los Angeles Recovery (May 1992)
  • Shaw v. Reno (1993)
  • Proposition 187 (1994)
  • Glass Ceiling Commission: Summary of Recommendations (1995)
  • Church Arson Prevention Act (1996)
  • Proposition 227 (1998)
  • Excerpts from the Preliminary and Final Reports of the Oklahoma Commission to Study the Tulsa Race Riot of 1921 (2000–2001)
  • Grutter v. Bollinger (2003)
  • Cobell v. Salazar (2009)
  • Arizona Senate Bill 1070 (2010)
  • Jan Brewer's Statement on the Federal Lawsuit Challenging Arizona SB 1070 (2010)
  • About the Editors
  • Contributors