Contemporary World Issues: GMO Food: A Reference Handbook

Editor/Author Newton, David E.
Publication Year: 2014
Publisher: ABC-CLIO

Single-User Purchase Price: $58.00
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: $87.00
ISBN: 978-1-61-069685-2
Category: Food, Drink, Nutrition
Image Count: 10
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

"GMO Food: A Reference Handbook" addresses these questions and the complex issues involved, allowing readers to fully understand why genetically modified organisms represent one of the most important issues in the 21st century.The book provides clear, factual information and background on the history of genetically modified crops and foods, covering topics such as the historic methods of plant and animal modification (such as cross-breeding) and important discoveries in genetics, biochemistry, molecular biology, genetic engineering, and related fields; the social, political, philosophical, and economic issues that have arisen with these scientific advances; and the laws and regulations that have resulted from the range of attitudes about GMO foods.

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Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • 1 Background and History
  • Hybridization
  • The Birth of Genetics
  • The Gene
  • The Process of Genetic Engineering
  • Concerns about rDNA Research
  • History of rDNA Regulation
  • Breakthroughs in rDNA Research
  • Types of Genetically Modified Plants
  • Genetically Modified Animals
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 2 Problems, Controversies, and Solutions
  • Opposition to Genetically Modified Foods
  • Public Opinion on Genetically Modified Foods in the United States
  • Public Opinion about Genetically Modified Foods in Europe
  • Regulation of Genetically Modified Crops and Foods in the European Union
  • The Cartagena Protocol
  • A Shift in Emphasis
  • Current Status of Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms in Europe
  • A Shift in Emphasis: European Regulations on Labeling
  • Regulation of Genetically Modified Products throughout the World
  • Genetically Modified Crops and Foods: Pro and Con
  • Potential Benefits to the Agricultural System
  • Potential Benefits to Human Health
  • Potential Benefits to the Natural Environment
  • Potential Harm to Human Health
  • Potential Harm to the Natural Environment
  • Potential Social and Economic Harm
  • Labeling of Genetically Modified Foods in the United States
  • Pros and Cons of Labeling
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 3 Perspectives
  • Introduction
  • A Sledgehammer or a Dart?: Sandy Becker
  • Genetic Engineering in Agriculture: Uncertainties and Risks: Debal Deb
  • Uncertainties in Genetic Engineering
  • The Precautionary Principle
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • The U.S. Government Should Not Require Genetically Modified Food Labels: Phill Jones
  • Mandatory Genetically Modified Food Labels Would Incorrectly Indicate a Risk
  • Mandatory Genetically Modified Food Labels Would Increase the Cost of Food
  • References
  • Health Problems Linked to Genetically Modified Crops: Rashmi Nemade
  • Herbicides, Pesticides (human-cides?)
  • References
  • Genetically Modified Organisms: Tony Owen
  • Genetically Modified Foods in Developing Countries: Santosh Pandey
  • References
  • Genetically Modified Crops in Africa: Fear of the Unknown?: Elizabeth Shoo
  • References
  • Accepting Genetically Modified Crops in India: Sweta
  • Genetically Modified Crops: Possible Risks
  • A Growing World Demands New Food Technology: Susan Young
  • References
  • 4 Profiles
  • Introduction
  • American Academy of Environmental Medicine
  • Biological Regulatory Services
  • Biotechnology Industry Organization
  • José Bové (1953–)
  • Herbert Boyer (1936–)
  • Canadian Biotechnology Action Network
  • Center for Food Safety
  • Mary-Dell Chilton (1939–)
  • Stanley N. Cohen (1935–)
  • Council for Biotechnology Information
  • CropGen
  • Food & Water Watch
  • Robert T. Fraley (1953–)
  • John E. Franz (1929–)
  • Dennis Gonsalves (1943–)
  • Greenpeace International
  • Greenpeace United States
  • Institute for Responsible Technology
  • International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications
  • John D. Kemp (1940–)
  • Steve Lindow (1951–)
  • Mark Lynas (1973–)
  • Monsanto
  • Non-GMO Project
  • Organic Consumers Association
  • Ingo Potrykus (1933–)
  • Maxine Singer (1931–)
  • Marc van Montagu (1933–)
  • World Health Organization
  • 5 Data and Documents
  • Introduction
  • Data
  • Table 5.1 Genetically Engineered Crops in the United States, 2000–2013
  • Table 5.2 Laws and Regulations on Genetically Modified Crops and Foods
  • Table 5.3 Characteristics of Permits on Genetically Modified Crops Issued by Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
  • Table 5.4 Trends in Approved Phenotype Releases in the United States, 1987–2012
  • Table 5.5 Global Farm Income Benefits from Growing Genetically Modified Crops, 1996–2011
  • Table 5.6 Genetically Modified Crop Farm Income Benefits of 1996–2011: Selected Countries
  • Table 5.7 Genetically Modified Crop Farm Income Benefits of 2011: Developing versus Developed Countries
  • Documents
  • Plant Patent Act of 1930
  • Diamond v. Chakrabarty, 447 U.S. 303 (1980)
  • Coordinated Framework for the Regulation of Biotechnology (1986)
  • Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (2000)
  • Guidance for Industry: Voluntary Labeling Indicating Whether Foods Have or Have Not Been Developed Using Bioengineering (2001)
  • Regulation of Genetically Modified Foods by the European Union (2003)
  • Mendocino County (California) Ban on Genetically Modified Crops (2004)
  • The Safety of Genetically Modified Foods, GAO Report (2002)
  • Invoking of Preemption (North Dakota, SB2277; 2005)
  • Monsanto Co. v. Geertson Seed Farms, 561 U.S. ___ (2010)
  • Proposition 37. Genetically Engineered Foods. Labeling. Initiative Statute (2012)
  • Bowman v. Monsanto, et al. 569 U.S. 11-796 (2013)
  • H. R. 1699 (2013)
  • Raised Bill No. 6519, State of Connecticut (2013)
  • 6 Resources for Further Research
  • Books
  • Articles
  • Reports
  • Internet Sources
  • 7 Chronology
  • Glossary
  • About the Author