The Brain, the Nervous System, and Their Diseases

Editor: Hellier, Jennifer L.
Publication Year: 2014
Publisher: Greenwood

Single-User Purchase Price: $294.00
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: $441.00
ISBN: 978-1-61-069337-0
Category: Health & Medicine - Health
Image Count: 83
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

Written to be accessible to high school and college students and general readers, this three-volume encyclopedia provides a sweeping overview of the brain, nervous system, and their diseases.

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Table of Contents

  • Guide to Related Topics
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction: Neuroscience Overview
  • Volume 1: A-F
  • A
  • Abducens Nerve
  • Accessory Nerve
  • Accommodation
  • Acetylcholine and Its Receptors
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
  • Action Potential
  • Addiction
  • Adrenaline
  • Afferent Tracts
  • Agnosia
  • Agraphia
  • Alcohol and Alcoholism
  • Alexia
  • Alzheimer's Disease
  • AMPA and Its Receptors
  • Amygdala
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
  • Anencephaly
  • Anesthesia
  • Aneurysm
  • Anterolateral Tract (Anterolateral System)
  • Antidepressants
  • Aphasia
  • Apoptosis
  • Apraxia
  • Areflexia
  • Ataxia
  • Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
  • Auditory System
  • Autism
  • Autonomic Nervous System
  • Axon
  • B
  • Baroreceptors
  • Basal Nuclei (Basal Ganglia)
  • Behavior
  • Behavioral Health
  • Behavioral Tests
  • Bell's Palsy (Bell Palsy)
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Beta-Blockers (β-Blockers)
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Blind Spot
  • Blink Reflex
  • Blood-Brain Barrier
  • Brachial Plexus
  • Brain Anatomy
  • Brain Stimulators
  • Brainstem
  • Broca's Area
  • Brodmann Areas
  • Brown-Séquard Syndrome
  • C
  • Calcium Channels
  • Carotid Body
  • Cauda Equina
  • Caudate Nucleus
  • Central Nervous System (CNS)
  • Central Pontine Myelinolysis
  • Cephalic Disorders
  • Cerebellar Nuclei
  • Cerebellum
  • Cerebral Cortex
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • Cerebrovascular System
  • Chloride Channels
  • Chorda Tympani Nerve
  • Circadian Rhythm
  • Cochlea
  • Cochlear Implants
  • Color Blindness
  • Coma
  • Commissure
  • Compression Injury
  • Computed Tomography (CT or CAT)
  • Concussion
  • Congenital Defects (Abnormalities)
  • Conscious and Consciousness
  • Corpus Callosum
  • Corticobulbar System
  • Cranial Nerves
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease
  • Cushing, Harvey W. (1869–1939)
  • Cushing Syndrome
  • D
  • Deafness
  • Dementia
  • Depotentiation
  • Depression
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Diencephalon
  • Diplopia
  • Discriminative Touch
  • Dizziness and Vertigo
  • Dopamine and Its Receptors
  • Down Syndrome
  • Drosophila
  • Dysarthria
  • Dysdiadochokinesia
  • Dyslexia
  • Dystonia
  • E
  • Efferent Tracts
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG)
  • Electromyelogram (EMG)
  • Embryonic Development of the Nervous System
  • Encephalitis
  • Encephalopathy
  • Endorphins
  • Ependymal Cells
  • Epilepsy
  • Excitation
  • F
  • Facial Nerve
  • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Foot Drop
  • Fragile X Syndrome
  • Frontal Lobe
  • Volume 2: G-O
  • G
  • G Proteins
  • GABA and Its Receptors
  • Gage, Fred H. (1950–)
  • Gage, Phineas P. (1823–1860)
  • Gait
  • Ganglia (Ganglion)
  • Gene Therapy
  • Ginkgo biloba (Ginkgo)
  • Glasgow Coma Scale
  • Glia
  • Glioma
  • Globus Pallidus
  • Glossopharyngeal Nerve
  • Glutamate and Its Receptors
  • Glycine and Its Receptors
  • Goldman-Rakic, Patricia (1937–2003)
  • Golgi, Camillo (1843–1926)
  • Grandmother Cell
  • Gray Matter
  • Growth Factors
  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome
  • Gyrus (Gyri)
  • H
  • Headache
  • Hebb, Donald O. (1904–1985)
  • Hematoma (Hemorrhage)
  • Hemiplegia
  • Hemispheres (Cerebral Hemispheres)
  • Herniated Discs
  • Hippocampus
  • Homeostasis
  • Homunculus
  • Hormones
  • Hubel, David H. (1926–2013)
  • Huntington's Disease
  • Huxley, Andrew (1917–2012)
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Hyperreflexia
  • Hypoglossal Nerve
  • Hypothalamus
  • Hypoxia
  • I
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Inferior Colliculus
  • Inhibition
  • Insomnia
  • Intracranial Pressure
  • Ion Channels
  • Ion Pump
  • J
  • Julesz, Béla (1928–2003)
  • K
  • Kandel, Eric R. (1929–)
  • Katz, Bernard (1911-2003)
  • L
  • Language
  • Learning and Memory
  • Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome
  • Levodopa (Levodopamine)
  • Limbic System
  • Lissencephaly
  • Long-Term Potentiation
  • Lumbar Puncture
  • Lyme Disease
  • M
  • Macular Degeneration
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Medulla Oblongata
  • Megalencephaly/Macrencephaly
  • Melatonin
  • Membrane
  • Membrane Potential: Depolarization and Hyperpolarization
  • Meniere's Disease
  • Meninges
  • Meningioma
  • Meningitis
  • Mesencephalon (Midbrain)
  • Microcephaly
  • Migraine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Motor Cortex
  • Motor Neurons
  • Movement
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Muscular Dystrophy (Duchenne)
  • Musical Memory
  • Myasthenia Gravis
  • Myelin
  • N
  • Narcolepsy
  • National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Necrosis
  • Nerves
  • Neural Tube
  • Neurogenesis
  • Neurological Examination
  • Neurologist
  • Neuromuscular Junction
  • Neuron
  • Neuronal Imaging
  • Neuronal Network Programming Experiment—Synchrony
  • Neuropeptide Y and Its Receptors
  • Neuropil
  • Neuroplasticity
  • Neuropsychological Assessment/Test
  • Neurotoxicity
  • Neurotoxins
  • Neurotransmitter Release, Recycling, and Diffusion
  • NMDA and Its Receptors
  • Noradrenaline
  • Nystagmus
  • O
  • Occipital Lobe
  • Oculomotor Nerve
  • Olfactory Nerve
  • Olfactory System (Smell)
  • Opiates
  • Optic Nerve
  • Oral Health
  • Volume 3: P-Z: Experiments and Activities
  • P
  • Pain
  • Paralysis
  • Paresis
  • Parietal Lobe
  • Parkinsonism (Drug-Induced)
  • Parkinson's Disease
  • Pavlov, Ivan (1849–1936)
  • Peduncles
  • Penry, J. Kiffin (1929–1996)
  • Peripheral Nervous System
  • Peripheral Neuropathy
  • Phantom Pain
  • Phenytoin (Dilantin)
  • Phrenology
  • Pineal Gland
  • Pituitary Gland (Hypophysis)
  • Poliomyelitis
  • Pons
  • Postsynaptic Potentials
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Potassium Channels
  • Premotor Cortex
  • Presynaptic Terminals
  • Prions
  • Progressive Multifocal Leukencephalopathy
  • Prosopagnosia
  • Psychology and Psychiatry
  • Ptosis
  • Putamen
  • R
  • Ramón y Cajal, Santiago (1852–1934)
  • Rapid Eye Movement (REM)
  • Reflex
  • Restless Legs Syndrome
  • Retina
  • Retrovirus
  • Rett Syndrome
  • Reward and Punishment
  • Romberg Test
  • S
  • Saccades
  • Sacks, Oliver W. (1933–)
  • Schizophrenia
  • Schwannomas
  • Secondary Messengers
  • Seizures
  • Sensory Receptors
  • Serotonin and Its Receptors
  • Shatz, Carla J. (c. 1948–)
  • Shingles
  • Short-Term Potentiation
  • Sinuses
  • Skull
  • Sleep
  • Sleep Apnea (CPAP Treatment)
  • Society for Neuroscience
  • Sodium Channels
  • Somatosensory Cortex/Somatosensory System
  • Spasm
  • Speech
  • Spina Bifida
  • Spinal Cord
  • Stem Cell Therapy
  • Stereotaxic Surgery
  • Strabismus
  • Stroke
  • Subconscious
  • Substance Abuse
  • Sulcus (Sulci)
  • Superior Colliculus
  • Synapse
  • Synaptic Cleft
  • T
  • Tardive Dyskinesia
  • Taste Aversion
  • Taste System
  • Tay-Sachs Disease
  • Telencephalon
  • Temporal Lobe
  • Thalamic Nuclei
  • Thalamus
  • Thermal Sense (Temperature Sensation)
  • Tolerance, Drug
  • Touch
  • Tourette Syndrome
  • Transduction and Membrane Properties
  • Transgenic Mice
  • Transient Global Amnesia
  • Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)
  • Trauma
  • Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
  • Tremor
  • Trigeminal Nerve
  • Trochlear Nerve
  • Tuberous Sclerosis Complex
  • Tunnel Vision
  • V
  • Vagus Nerve
  • Ventricles
  • Vertebra
  • Vestibular System
  • Vestibulocochlear Nerve
  • Visual Fields
  • Visual Perception (Visual Processing)
  • Visual System
  • Von Hippel-Lindau Syndrome
  • W
  • Waldeyer-Hartz, Heinrich W. G., von (1836–1921)
  • Wernicke's Area
  • Whipple's Disease
  • White Matter
  • Wiesel, Torsten N. (1924–)
  • Wilson Disease
  • Wundt, Wilhelm Maximilian (1832–1920)
  • Experiments and Activities
  • Astrocyte—Building with Clay Activity
  • Basket Cells—Building with Clay Activity
  • Behavioral Experiments
  • Brain Building with Clay Activity: Cerebellum, Cerebral Cortex
  • Brain Cut-Out Hat Activity
  • Cell Body (Soma)—Building with Clay Activity
  • Channel/Receptor—Building with Clay Activity
  • Circle of Willis and Arterial Supply to the Brain—Building with Clay Activity
  • Dendrites—Building with Clay Activity
  • Dendritic Spine—Building with Clay Activity
  • Discriminative Touch Experiment
  • Electrophysiology Setup and Experiments
  • Frog Sciatic Nerve Experiment
  • Membrane Potential Experiment—Understand Membrane Properties
  • Myelin Conduction Experiment
  • Neural Tube—Illustrating Activity
  • Oligodendrocytes—Building with Clay Activity
  • Pinched Nerve—Building with Clay Activity
  • Purkinje Cells—Building with Clay Activity
  • A Sample Immunohistochemistry Protocol with Thought Questions
  • Schwann Cells—Building with Clay Activity
  • Spinal Cord with Vertebra—Building with Clay Activity
  • Voltage Clamp Experiment
  • Recommended Resources
  • About the Editor and Contributors