Profiles in Excellence Nobel Laureates All: 1901-2015

Editors: Rajasekharan, P.T. and Tiwari, Arun
Publication Year: 2016
Publisher: Panther Publishers

Price: Core Collection Only
ISBN: 978-93-7787-128-4
Category: Science - Scientists
Image Count: 911
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

A breakthrough reference work that covers 115 years of Nobel Prizes and is a tribute to over 150 years of the best of human achievements in Science, Literature and Humanity.

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Table of Contents

  • INTRODUCTION
  • THE NOBEL PRIZE
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
  • Physics
  • 1901: RÖNTGEN, WILHELM CONRAD
  • 1902: LORENTZ, HENDRIK ANTOON; ZEEMAN, PIETER
  • 1903: BECQUEREL, ANTOINE HENRI; CURIE, PIERRE; CURIE, MARIE SKLODOWSKA
  • 1904: RAYLEIGH, LORD JOHN WILLIAM STRUTT
  • 1905: LENARD, PHILIPP EDUARD ANTON
  • 1906: THOMSON, SIR JOSEPH JOHN
  • 1907: MICHELSON, ALBERT ABRAHAM
  • 1908: LIPPMANN, GABRIEL
  • 1909: MARCONI, GUGLIELMO; BRAUN, KARL FERDINAND
  • 1910: VAN DER WAALS, JOHANNES DIDERIK
  • 1911: WIEN, WILHELM
  • 1912: DALÉN, NILS GUSTAF
  • 1913: KAMERLINGH ONNES, HEIKE
  • 1914: VON LAUE, MAX THEODOR FELIX
  • 1915: BRAGG, SIR WILLIAM HENRY; BRAGG, SIR WILLIAM LAWRENCE
  • 1916
  • 1917: BARKLA, CHARLES GLOVER
  • 1918: PLANCK, MAX KARL ERNST LUDWIG
  • 1919: STARK, JOHANNES
  • 1920: GUILLAUME, CHARLES EDOUARD
  • 1921: EINSTEIN, ALBERT
  • 1922: BOHR, NIELS HENRIK DAVID
  • 1923: MILLIKAN, ROBERT ANDREWS
  • 1924: SIEGBAHN, KARL MANNE GEORG
  • 1925: FRANCK, JAMES; HERTZ, LUDWIG GUSTAV
  • 1926: PERRIN, JEAN BAPTISTE
  • 1927: COMPTON, ARTHUR HOLLY; WILSON, CHARLES THOMSON REES
  • 1928: RICHARDSON, SIR OWEN WILLANS
  • 1929: DE BROGLIE, PRINCE LOUIS VICTOR PIERRE RAYMOND
  • 1930: RAMAN, SIR CHANDRASEKHARA VENKATA
  • 1931
  • 1932: HEISENBERG, WERNER KARL
  • 1933: SCHRÖDINGER, ERWIN; DIRAC, PAUL ADRIEN MAURICE
  • 1934
  • 1935: CHADWICK, SIR JAMES
  • 1936: HESS, VICTOR FRANZ; ANDERSON, CARL DAVID
  • 1937: DAVISSON, CLINTON JOSEPH; THOMSON, SIR GEORGE PAGET
  • 1938: FERMI, ENRICO
  • 1939: LAWRENCE, ERNEST ORLANDO
  • 1940
  • 1941
  • 1942
  • 1943: STERN, OTTO
  • 1944: RABI, ISIDOR ISAAC
  • 1945: PAULI, WOLFGANG
  • 1946: BRIDGMAN, PERCY WILLIAMS
  • 1947: APPLETON, SIR EDWARD VICTOR
  • 1948: BLACKETT, LORD PATRICK MAYNARD STUART
  • 1949: YUKAWA, HIDEKI
  • 1950: POWELL, CECIL FRANK
  • 1951: COCKCROFT, SIR JOHN DOUGLAS; WALTON, ERNEST THOMAS SINTON
  • 1952: BLOCH, FELIX; PURCELL, EDWARD MILLS
  • 1953: ZERNIKE, FRITS
  • 1954: BORN, MAX; BOTHE, WALTHER WILHELM GEORG FRANZ
  • 1955: LAMB, WILLIS EUGENE; KUSCH, POLYKARP
  • 1956: SHOCKLEY, WILLIAM BRADFORD; BARDEEN, JOHN; BRATTAIN, WALTER HOUSER
  • 1957: YANG, CHEN NING; LEE, TSUNG-DAO
  • 1958: CHERENKOV, PAVEL ALEKSEYEVICH; FRANK, IL'JA MIKHAILOVICH; TAMM, IGOR YEVGENYEVICH
  • 1959: SEGRÉ, EMILIO GINO; CHAMBERLAIN, OWEN
  • 1960: GLASER, DONALD ARTHUR
  • 1961: HOFSTADTER, ROBERT; MÖSSBAUER, RUDOLF LUDWIG
  • 1962: LANDAU, LEV DAVIDOVICH
  • 1963: WIGNER, EUGENE PAUL; MAYER, MARIA GOEPPERT; JENSEN, JOHANNES HANS DANIEL
  • 1964: TOWNES, CHARLES HARD; BASOV, NICOLAY GENNADIYEVICH; PROKHOROV, ALEKSANDR MIKHAILOVICH
  • 1965: TOMONAGA, SIN-ITIRO; SCHWINGER, JULIAN; FEYNMAN, RICHARD PHILLIPS
  • 1966: KASTLER, ALFRED
  • 1967: BETHE, HANS ALBRECHT
  • 1968: ALVAREZ, LUIS WALTER
  • 1969: GELL-MANN, MURRAY
  • 1970: ALFVÉN, HANNES OLOF GÖSTA; NEÉL, LOUIS EUGÈNE FÉLIX
  • 1971: GABOR, DENNIS
  • 1972: BARDEEN, JOHN; COOPER, LEON NEIL; SCHRIEFFER, JOHN ROBERT
  • 1973: ESAKI, LEO; GIAEVER, IVAR; JOSEPHSON, BRIAN DAVID
  • 1974: RYLE, SIR MARTIN; HEWISH, ANTONY
  • 1975: BOHR, AAGE NIELS; MOTTELSON, BEN ROY; RAINWATER, LEO JAMES
  • 1976: RICHTER, BURTON; TING, SAMUEL CHAO CHUNG
  • 1977: ANDERSON, PHILIP WARREN; MOTT, SIR NEVILL FRANCIS; VAN VLECK, JOHN HASBROUCK
  • 1978: KAPITSA, PYOTR LEONIDOVICH; PENZIAS, ARNO ALLAN; WILSON, ROBERT WOODROW
  • 1979: GLASHOW, SHELDON LEE; SALAM, ABDUS; WEINBERG, STEVEN
  • 1980: CRONIN, JAMES WATSON; FITCH, VAL LOGSDON
  • 1981: BLOEMBERGEN, NICOLAAS; SCHAWLOW, ARTHUR LEONARD; SIEGBAHN, KAI MANNE
  • 1982: WILSON, KENNETH GEDDES
  • 1983: CHANDRASEKHAR, SUBRAHMANYAN; FOWLER, WILLIAM ALFRED
  • 1984: RUBBIA, CARLO; VAN DER MEER, SIMON
  • 1985: KLITZING, KLAUS VON
  • 1986: RUSKA, ERNST; BINNIG, GERD; ROHRER, HEINRICH
  • 1987: BEDNORZ, JOHANNES GEORG; MÜLLER, KARL ALEXANDER
  • 1988: LEDERMAN, LEON MAX; SCHWARTZ, MELVIN; STEINBERGER, JACK
  • 1989: RAMSEY, NORMAN FOSTER; DEHMELT, HANS; PAUL, WOLFGANG
  • 1990: FRIEDMAN, JEROME ISAAC; KENDALL, HENRY; TAYLOR, RICHARD
  • 1991: DE GENNES, PIERRE-GILLES
  • 1992: CHARPAK, GEORGES
  • 1993: HULSE, RUSSELL A.; TAYLOR, JOSEPH H., Jr.
  • 1994: BROCKHOUSE, BERTRAM N.; SHULL, CLIFFORD G.
  • 1995: PERL, MARTIN L.; REINES, FREDERICK
  • 1996: LEE, DAVID M.; OSHEROFF, DOUGLAS D.; RICHARDSON, ROBERT C.
  • 1997: CHU, STEVEN; COHEN-TANNOUDJI, CLAUDE; PHILLIPS, WILLIAM D.
  • 1998: LAUGHLIN, ROBERT BETTS; STÖRMER, HORST LUDWIG; TSUI, DANIEL CHEE
  • 1999: ‘T HOOFT, GERARDUS; VELTMAN, MARTINUS J.G.
  • 2000: ALFEROV, ZHORES IVANOVICH; KROEMER, HERBERT; KILBY, JACK ST. CLAIR
  • 2001: CORNELL, ERIC ALLIN; KETTERLE, WOLFGANG; WIEMAN, CARL EDWIN
  • 2002: DAVI, JR., RAYMOND; KOSHIBA, MASATOSHI; GIACCONI, RICCARDO
  • 2003: ABRIKOSOV, ALEXEI ALEXEYEVICH; GINZBURG, VITALY LAZAREVICH; LEGGETT, ANTHONY J
  • 2004: GROSS, DAVID JONATHAN; POLITZER, HUGH DAVID; WILCZEK, FRANK
  • 2005: GLAUBER, ROY JAY; HALL, JOHN LEWIS; HÄNSCH, THEODOR WOLFGANG
  • 2006: MATHER, JOHN CROMWELL; SMOOT, GEORGE FITZGERALD
  • 2007: FERT, ALBERT; GRÜNBERG, PETER
  • 2008: NAMBU, YOICHIRO; KOBAYASHI, MAKOTO; MASKAWA, TOSHIHIDE
  • 2009: KAO, CHARLES KUEN; BOYLE, WILLARD STERLING; SMITH, GEORGE ELWOOD
  • 2010: GEIM, ANDRE KONSTANTIN; NOVOSELOV, KONSTANTIN SERGEEVICH
  • 2011: PERLMUTTER, SAUL; SCHMIDT, BRIAN PAUL; RIESS, ADAM GUY
  • 2012: HAROCHE, SERGE; WINELAND, DAVID JEFFERY
  • 2013: ENGLERT, FRANÇOIS BARON; HIGGS, PETER W.
  • 2014: AKASAKI, ISAMU; AMANO, HIROSHI; NAKAMURA, SHUJI
  • 2015: KAJITA, TAKAAKI; MCDONALD, ARTHUR B.
  • Chemistry
  • 1901: VAN'T HOFF, JACOBUS HENRIKUS
  • 1902: FISCHER, HERMANN EMIL
  • 1903: ARRHENIUS, SVANTE AUGUST
  • 1904: RAMSAY, SIR WILLIAM
  • 1905: VON BAEYER, JOHANN FRIEDRICH WILHELM ADOLF
  • 1906: MOISSAN, FREDINAND FREDERIC HENRI
  • 1907: BUCHNER, EDUARD
  • 1908: RUTHERFORD, LORD ERNEST
  • 1909: OSTWALD, WILHELM
  • 1910: WALLACH, OTTO
  • 1911: CURIE, MARIE SKLODOWSKA
  • 1912: GRIGNARD, FRANÇOIS AUGUSTE VICTOR; SABATIER, PAUL
  • 1913: WERNER, ALFRED
  • 1914: RICHARDS, THEODORE WILLIAM
  • 1915: WILLSTÄTTER, RICHARD MARTIN
  • 1916
  • 1917
  • 1918: HABER, FRITZ
  • 1919
  • 1920: NERNST, WALTHER HERMANN
  • 1921: SODDY, FREDERICK
  • 1922: ASTON, FRANCIS WILLIAM
  • 1923: PREGL, FRITZ
  • 1924
  • 1925: ZSIGMONDY, RICHARD ADOLF
  • 1926: SVEDBERG, THEODOR
  • 1927: WIELAND, HEINRICH OTTO
  • 1928: WINDAUS, ADOLF OTTO REINHOLD
  • 1929: HARDEN, SIR ARTHUR; VON EULER-CHELPIN, HANS KARL AUGUST SIMON
  • 1930: FISCHER, HANS
  • 1931: BOSCH, CARL; BERGIUS, FRIEDRICH
  • 1932: LANGMUIR, IRVING
  • 1933
  • 1934: UREY, HAROLD CLAYTON
  • 1935: JOLIOT, FRÉDÉRIC; JOLIOT-CURIE, IRÈNE
  • 1936: DEBYE, PETER (JOSEPH WILLIAM)
  • 1937: HAWORTH, SIR WALTER NORMAN; KARRER, PAUL
  • 1938: KUHN, RICHARD
  • 1939: BUTENANDT, ADOLF FRIEDRICH JOHANN; RUZICKA, LEOPOLD
  • 1940
  • 1941
  • 1942
  • 1943: HEVESY, GEORGE DE
  • 1944: HAHN, OTTO
  • 1945: VIRTANEN, ARTTURI ILMARI
  • 1946: SUMNER, JAMES BATCHELLER; NORTHROP, JOHN HOWARD; STANLEY, WENDELL MEREDITH
  • 1947: ROBINSON, SIR ROBERT
  • 1948: TISELIUS, ARNE WILHELM KAURIN
  • 1949: GIAUQUE, WILLIAM FRANCIS
  • 1950: DIELS, OTTO PAUL HERMANN; ALDER, KURT
  • 1951: McMILLAN, EDWIN MATTISON; SEABORG, GLENN THEODORE
  • 1952: MARTIN, ARCHER JOHN PORTER; SYNGE, RICHARD LAURENCE MILLINGTON
  • 1953: STAUDINGER, HERMANN
  • 1954: PAULING, LINUS CARL
  • 1955: DU VIGNEAUD, VINCENT
  • 1956: HINSHELWOOD, SIR CYRIL NORMAN; SEMENOV, NIKOLAY NIKOLAEVICH
  • 1957: TODD, LORD ALEXANDER ROBERTUS
  • 1958: SANGER, FREDERICK
  • 1959: HEYROVSKY, JAROSLAV
  • 1960: LIBBY, WILLARD FRANK
  • 1961: CALVIN, MELVIN
  • 1962: PERUTZ, MAX FERDINAND; KENDREW, JOHN COWDERY
  • 1963: ZIEGLER, KARL; NATTA, GIULIO
  • 1964: HODGKIN, DOROTHY CROWFOOT
  • 1965: WOODWARD, ROBERT BURNS
  • 1966: MULLIKEN, ROBERT SANDERSON
  • 1967: EIGEN, MANFRED; NORRISH, RONALD GEORGE WREYFORD; PORTER, SIR GEORGE
  • 1968: ONSAGER, LARS
  • 1969: BARTON, SIR DEREK H.R.; HASSEL, ODD
  • 1970: LELOIR, LUIS F.
  • 1971: HERZBERG, GERHARD
  • 1972: ANFINSEN, CHRISTIAN B.; MOORE, STANFORD; STEIN, WILLIAM H.
  • 1973: FISCHER, ERNST OTTO; WILKINSON, SIR GEOFFREY
  • 1974: FLORY, PAUL JOHN
  • 1975: CORNFORTH, SIR JOHN WARCUP; PRELOG, VLADIMIR
  • 1976: LIPSCOMB, WILLIAM NUNN
  • 1977: PRIGOGINE, ILYA
  • 1978: MITCHELL, PETER DENNIS
  • 1979: BROWN, HERBERT C.; WITTIG, GEORG
  • 1980: BERG, PAUL; GILBERT, WALTER; SANGER, FREDERICK
  • 1981: FUKUI, KENICHI; HOFFMANN, ROALD
  • 1982: KLUG, AARON
  • 1983: TAUBE, HENRY
  • 1984: MERRIFIELD, ROBERT BRUCE
  • 1985: HAUPTMAN, HERBERTAARON; KARLE, JEROME
  • 1986: HERSCHBACH, DUDLEY ROBERT; LEE, YUAN TSEH; POLANYI, JOHN CHARLES
  • 1987: CRAM, DONALD J.; LEHN, JEAN-MARIE; PEDERSEN, CHARLES J.
  • 1988: DEISENHOFER, JOHANN; HUBER, ROBERT; MICHEL, HARTMUT
  • 1989: ALTMAN, SIDNEY; CECH, THOMAS R.
  • 1990: COREY, ELIAS JAMES
  • 1991: ERNST, RICHARD R.
  • 1992: MARCUS, RUDOLPH A.
  • 1993: MULLIS, KARY B.; SMITH, MICHAEL
  • 1994: OLAH, GEORGE A.
  • 1995: CRUTZEN, PAUL J.; MOLINA, MARIO; ROWLAND, F. SHERWOOD
  • 1996: CURL, ROBERT F., Jr.; KROTO, SIR HAROLD W.; SMALLEY, RICHARD E.
  • 1997: BOYER, PAUL D.; WALKER, JOHN E.; SKOU, JENS C.
  • 1998: KOHN, WALTER; POPLE, JOHN A.
  • 1999: ZEWAIL, AHMED H.
  • 2000: HEEGER, ALAN J.; MACDIARMID, ALAN G.; SHIRAKAWA, HIDEKI
  • 2001: KNOWLES, WILLIAM S.; NOYORI, RYOJI; SHARPLESS, KARI BARRY
  • 2002: FENN, JOHN BENNETT; TANAKA, KOICHI; WÜTHRICH, KURT
  • 2003: AGRE, PETER; MACKINNON, RODERICK
  • 2004: CIECHANOVER, AARON; HERSHKO, AVRAM; ROSE, IRWIN
  • 2005: CHAUVIN, YVES; GRUBBS, ROBERT HOWARD; SCHROCK, RICHARD ROYSE
  • 2006: KORNBERG, ROGER DAVID
  • 2007: ERTL, GERHARD
  • 2008: SHIMOMURA, OSAMU; CHALFIE, MARTIN LEE; TSIEN, ROGER YONCHIEN
  • 2009: RAMAKRISHNAN, VENKATRAMAN; STEITZ, THOMAS ARTHUR; YONATH, ADA E.
  • 2010: HECK, RICHARD FRED; NEGISHI, EI-ICHI; SUZUKI, AKIRA
  • 2011: SHECHTMAN, DAN
  • 2012: LEFKOWITZ, ROBERT JOSEPH; KOBILKA, BRIAN KENT
  • 2013: KARPLUS, MARTIN; LEVITT, MICHAEL; WARSHEL, ARIEH
  • 2014: BETZIG, ERIC; HELL, STEFAN WALTER; MOERNER, WILLIAM ESCO
  • 2015: LINDAHL, TOMAS ROBERT; MODRICH, PAUL LAWRENCE; SANCAR, AZIZ
  • Physiology or Medicine
  • 1901: VON BEHRING, EMIL ADOLF
  • 1902: ROSS, SIR RONALD
  • 1903: FINSEN, NIELS RYBERG
  • 1904: PAVLOV, IVAN PETROVICH
  • 1905: KOCH, ROBERT
  • 1906: GOLGI, CAMILLO; CAJAL, SANTIAGO RamÓn Yˆ
  • 1907: LAVERAN, CHARLES LOUIS ALPHONSE
  • 1908: MECHNIKOV, ILYA ILYICH; EHRLICH, PAUL
  • 1909: KOCHER, EMIL THEODOR
  • 1910: KOSSEL, ALBRECHT
  • 1911: GULLSTRAND, ALLVAR
  • 1912: CARREL, ALEXIS
  • 1913: RICHET, CHARLES ROBERT
  • 1914: BáRáNY, ROBERT
  • 1915
  • 1916
  • 1917
  • 1918
  • 1919: BORDET, JULES
  • 1920: KROGH, SCHACK AUGUST STEENBERG
  • 1921
  • 1922: HILL, ARCHIBALD VIVIAN; MEYERHOF, OTTO FRITZ
  • 1923: BANTING, SIR FREDERICK GRANT; MACLEOD, JAMES RICKARD
  • 1924: EINTHOVEN, WILLEM
  • 1925
  • 1926: FIBIGER, JOHANNES ANDREAS GRIB
  • 1927: WAGNER-JAUREGG, JULIUS
  • 1928: NICOLLE, CHARLES JULES HENRI
  • 1929: EIJKMAN, CHRISTIAAN; HOPKINS, SIR FREDERIC GOWLAND
  • 1930: LANDSTEINER, KARL
  • 1931: WARBURG, OTTO HEINRICH
  • 1932: SHERRINGTON, SIR CHARLES SCOTT; ADRIAN, LORD EDGAR DOUGLAS
  • 1933: MORGAN, THOMAS HUNT
  • 1934: WHIPPLE, GEORGE HOYT; MINOT, GEORGE RICHARDS; MURPHY, WILLIAM PARRY
  • 1935: SPEMANN, HANS
  • 1936: DALE, SIR HENRY HALLETT; LOEWI, OTTO
  • 1937: SZENT-GYÖRGYI VON NAGYRÁPOLT, ALBERT
  • 1938: HEYMANS, CORNEILLE JEAN FRANÇOIS
  • 1939: DOMAGK, GERHARD
  • 1940
  • 1941
  • 1942
  • 1943: DAM, HENRIK CARL PETER; DOISY, EDWARD ADELBERT
  • 1944: ERLANGER, JOSEPH; GASSER, HERBERT SPENCER
  • 1945: FLEMING, SIR ALEXANDER; CHAIN, SIR ERNST BORIS; FLOREY, LORD HOWARD WALTER
  • 1946: MULLER, HERMANN JOSEPH
  • 1947: CORI, CARL FERDINAND; CORI, GERTY THERESA; HOUSSAY, BERNARDO ALBERT
  • 1948: MÜLLER, PAUL HERMANN
  • 1949: HESS, WALTER RUDOLF; MONIZ, ANTONIO CAETANO DE ABREU FREIRE EGAS
  • 1950: KENDALL, EDWARD CALVIN; REICHSTEIN, TADEUS; HENCH, PHILIP SHOWALTER
  • 1951: THEILER, MAX
  • 1952: WAKSMAN, SELMAN ABRAHAM
  • 1953: KREBS, HANS ADOLF; LIPMANN, FRITZ ALBERT
  • 1954: ENDERS, JOHN FRANKLIN; WELLER, THOMAS HUCKLE; ROBBINS, FREDERICK CHAPMAN
  • 1955: THEORELL, AXEL HUGO TEODOR
  • 1956: COURNAND, ANDRÉ FRÉDÉRIC; FORSSMANN, WERNER; RICHARD, JR., DICKINSON W.
  • 1957: BOVET, DANIEL
  • 1958: BEADLE, GEORGE WELLS; TATUM, EDWARD LAWRIE; LEDERBERG, JOSHUA
  • 1959: OCHOA, SEVERO; KORNBERG, ARTHUR
  • 1960: BURNET, SIR FRANK M.; MEDAWAR, SIR PETER BRIAN
  • 1961: VON BÉKÉSY, GEORG
  • 1962: CRICK, FRANCIS HARRY COMPTON; WATSON, JAMES DEWEY; WILKINS, MAURICE HUGH FREDERICK
  • 1963: ECCLES, SIR JOHN CAREW; HODGKIN, SIR ALAN LLOYD; HUXLEY, SIR ANDREW FIELDING
  • 1964: BLOCH, KONRAD; LYNEN, FEODOR
  • 1965: JACOB, FRANÇOIS; LWOFF, ANDRÉ; MONOD, JACQUES
  • 1966: ROUS, PEYTON; HUGGINS, CHARLES BRENTON
  • 1967: GRANIT, RAGNAR; HARTLINE, HALDAN KEFFER; WALD, GEORGE
  • 1968: HOLLEY, ROBERT W.; KHORANA, HAR GOBIND; NIRENBERG, MARSHALL W.
  • 1969: DELBRÜCK, MAX; HERSHEY, ALFRED D.; LURIA, SALVADOR EDWARD.
  • 1970: KATZ, SIR BERNARD; VON EULER, ULF; AXELROD, JULIUS
  • 1971: SUTHERLAND, EARL W. JR
  • 1972: EDELMAN, GERALD MAURICE; PORTER, RODNEY ROBERT
  • 1973: VON FRISCH, KARL; LORENZ, KONRAD; TINBERGEN, NIKOLAAS
  • 1974: CLAUDE, ALBERT; DE DUVE, CHRISTIAN; PALADE, GEORGE EMIL
  • 1975: BALTIMORE, DAVID; DULBECCO, RENATO; TEMIN, HOWARD MARTIN
  • 1976: BLUMBERG, BARUCH SAMUEL; GAJDUSEK, DANIEL CARLETON
  • 1977: GUILLEMIN, ROGER; SCHALLY, ANDREW VICTOR; YALOW, ROSALYN
  • 1978: ARBER, WERNER; NATHANS, DANIEL; SMITH, HAMILTON OTHANEL
  • 1979: CORMACK, ALLAN MACLEOD; HOUNSFIELD, GODFREY NEWBOLD
  • 1980: BENACERRAF, BARUJ; DAUSSET, JEAN; SNELL, GEORGE D.
  • 1981: SPERRY, ROGER W.; HUBEL, DAVID HUNTER; WIESEL, TORSTEN N.
  • 1982: BERGSTRÖM, SUNE K; SAMUELSSON, BENGT I.; VANE, SIR JOHN R.
  • 1983: McCLINTOCK, BARBARA
  • 1984: JERNE, NIELS KAJ; KÖHLER, GEORGES J.F.; MILSTEIN, CÉSAR
  • 1985: BROWN, MICHAEL S.; GOLDSTEIN, JOSEPH LEONARD
  • 1986: COHEN, STANLEY; LEVI-MONTALCINI, RITA
  • 1987: TONEGAWA, SUSUMU
  • 1988: BLACK, SIR JAMES; ELION, GERTRUDE B.; Hitchings, George H
  • 1989: BISHOP, J. Michael; VARMUS, HAROLD E.
  • 1990: MURRAY, JOSEPH; THOMAS, DONNALL E.
  • 1991: NEHER, ERWIN; SAKMANN, BERT
  • 1992: FISCHER, EDMOND H.; KREBS, EDWIN G.
  • 1993: ROBERTS, RICHARD J.; SHARP, PHILLIP A.
  • 1994: GILMAN, ALFRED G.; RODBELL, MARTIN
  • 1995: LEWIS, EDWARD B.; NÜSSLEIN-VOLHARD, CHRISTIANE; WIESCHAUS, ERIC F.
  • 1996: DOHERTY, PETER C.; ZINKERNAGEL, ROLF M.
  • 1997: PRUSINER, STANLEY B.
  • 1998: FURCHGOTT, ROBERT F.; IGNARRO, LOUIS J.; MURAD, FERID
  • 1999: BLOBEL, GÜNTER
  • 2000: CARLSSON, ARVID; GREENGARD, PAUL; KANDEL, ERIC R.
  • 2001: HARTWELL, LELAND HARRISON; HUNT, RICHARD TIMOTHY; NURSE, PAUL MAXIME
  • 2002: BRENNER, SYDNEY; HORVITZ, H. ROBERT; SULSTON, JOHN E.
  • 2003: LAUTERBUR, PAUL CHRISTIAN; MANSFIELD, SIR PETER
  • 2004: AXEL, RICHARD; BUCK, LINDA BROWN
  • 2005: MARSHALL, BARRY JAMES; WARREN, JOHN ROBIN
  • 2006: FIRE, ANDREW ZACHARY; MELLO, CRAIG CAMERON
  • 2007: CAPECCHI, MARIO RAMBERG; EVANS, SIR MARTIN JOHN; SMITHIES, OLIVER.
  • 2008: HAUSEN, HARALD ZUR; BARRÉ-SINOUSSI, FRANÇOISE; MONTAGNIER, LUC ANTOINE
  • 2009: BLACKBURN, ELIZABETH HELEN; GREIDER, CAROLYN WIDNEY; SZOSTAK, JACK WILLIAM
  • 2010: EDWARDS, ROBERT GEOFFREY
  • 2011: BEUTLER, BRUCE ALAN; HOFFMANN, JULES ALPHONSE; STEINMAN, RALPH MARVIN
  • 2012: GURDON, JOHN BERTRAND; YAMANAKA, SHINYA
  • 2013: ROTHMAN, JAMES EDWARD; SCHEKMAN, RANDY WAYNE; SUDHOF, THOMAS CHRISTIAN
  • 2014: O'KEEFE, JOHN; MOSER, MAY-BRITT; MOSER, EDVARD INGJALD
  • 2015: CAMPBELL, WILLIAM C; ÔMURA, SATOSHI; TU, YOUYOU
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  • 1902: MOMMSEN, CHRISTIAN MATTHIAS THEODOR
  • 1903: BJØRNSON, BJØRNSTJERNE MARTINUS
  • 1904: MISTRAL, FRÉDÉRIC; ECHEGARAY Y EIZAGUIRRE, JOSÉ
  • 1905: SIENKIEWICZ, HENRYK
  • 1906: CARDUCCI, GIOSUÈ
  • 1907: KIPLING, RUDYARD
  • 1908: EUCKEN, RUDOLPH CHRISTOPH
  • 1909: LAGERLÖF, SELMA OTTILIANA LOVISA
  • 1910: HEYSE, PAUL JOHANN LUDWIG
  • 1911: COUNT MAURICE (MOORIS) POLIDORE MARIE BERNHARD, MAETERLINCK
  • 1912: HAUPTMANN, GERHART JOHANN ROBERT
  • 1913: TAGORE, RABINDRANATH
  • 1914
  • 1915: ROLLAND, ROMAIN
  • 1916: VON HEIDENSTAM, CARL GUSTAFVERNER
  • 1917: GJELLERUP, KARL ADOLPH; PONTOPPIDAN, HENRIK
  • 1918
  • 1919: SPITTELER, CARL
  • 1920: HAMSUN, KNUT PEDERSEN
  • 1921: FRANCE, ANATOLE (PENNAME OF JACQUES ANATOLE THIBAULT)
  • 1922: BENAVENTE, JACINTO
  • 1923: YEATS, WILLIAM BUTLER
  • 1924: REYMONT, WLADYSLAW STANISLAW
  • 1925: SHAW, GEORGE BERNARD
  • 1926: DELEDDA, GRAZIA (PEN-NAME OF GRAZIA MADESANI, NÈE DELEDDA)
  • 1927: BERGSON, HENRI LOUIS
  • 1928: UNDSET, SIGRID
  • 1929: MANN, THOMAS
  • 1930: LEWIS, SINCLAIR
  • 1931: KARLFELDT, ERIK AXEL
  • 1932: GALSWORTHY, JOHN
  • 1933: BUNIN, IVAN ALEKSEYEVICH
  • 1934: PIRANDELLO, LUIGI
  • 1935
  • 1936: O'NEILL, EUGENE Gladstone
  • 1937: DU GARD, ROGER MARTIN
  • 1938: BUCK, PEARL (PEN-NAME OF PEARL WALSH, NÈE SYDENSTRICKER)
  • 1939: SILLANPÄÄ, FRANS EEMIL
  • 1940
  • 1941
  • 1942
  • 1943
  • 1944: JENSEN, JOHANNES VILHELM
  • 1945: MISTRAL, GABRIELA (PEN-NAME OF LUCILA GODOYY ALCAYAGA)
  • 1946: HESSE, HERMANN
  • 1947: GIDE, ANDRÉ PAUL GUILLAUME
  • 1948: ELIOT, THOMAS STEARNS
  • 1949: FAULKNER, WILLIAM
  • 1950: RUSSELL, EARL BERTRANDV ARTHUR WILLIAM
  • 1951: LAGERKVIST, PÄR FABIAN
  • 1952: MAURIAC, FRANÇOIS
  • 1953: CHURCHILL, SIR WINSTON LEONARD SPENCER
  • 1954: HEMMINGWAY, ERNEST MILLER
  • 1955: LAXNESS, HALLDÓR LAXNESS
  • 1956: JIMÉNEZ, JUAN RAMÓN
  • 1957: CAMUS, ALBERT
  • 1958: PASTERNAK, BORIS LEONIDOVICH
  • 1959: QUASIMODO, SALVATORE
  • 1960: PERSE, ST. JOHN (PEN-NAME OF ALEXIS LEGÉR)
  • 1961: ANDRIC, IVO
  • 1962: STEINBECK, JOHN
  • 1963: SEFERIS, GIORGOS (PENNAME-SEFERIADIS, GIORGOS)
  • 1964: SARTRE, JEAN-PAUL CHARLES AYMARD
  • 1965: SHOLOKHOV, MICHAILALEKSANDROVIC
  • 1966: AGNON, SHMUEL YOSEF; SACHS, NELLY
  • 1967: ASTURIAS, MIGUEL ANGEL
  • 1968: KAWABATA, YASUNARI
  • 1969: BECKETT, SAMUEL BARCLAY
  • 1970: SOLZHENITSYN, ALEKSANDR ISAYEVICH
  • 1971: NERUDA, PABLO (PEN-NAME OF NEFTAÍ RICARDO REYES BASOALTO)
  • 1972: BÖLL, HEINRICH
  • 1973: WHITE, PATRICK VICTOR MARTINDALE
  • 1974: JOHNSON, EYVIND; MARTINSON, HARRY
  • 1975: MONTALE, EUGENIO
  • 1976: BELLOW, SAUL
  • 1977: ALEIXANDRE, VICENTE
  • 1978: SINGER, ISAAC BASHEVIS
  • 1979: ELYTIS, ODYSSEUS (PEN-NAME OF ODYSSEUS ALEPOUDHELIS)
  • 1980: MILOSZ, CZESLAW
  • 1981: CANETTI, ELIAS
  • 1982: GARCÍA MÁRQUEZ, GABRIEL
  • 1983: GOLDING, WILLIAM
  • 1984: SEIFERT, JAROSLAV
  • 1985: SIMON, CLAUDE
  • 1986: SOYINKA, WOLE
  • 1987: BRODSKY, JOSEPH
  • 1988: MAHFOUZ, NAGUIB
  • 1989: CELA, CAMILO JOSÉ
  • 1990: PAZ, OCTAVIO
  • 1991: GORDIMER, NADINE
  • 1992: WALCOTT, DEREK
  • 1993: MORRISON, TONI
  • 1994: OE, KENZABURO
  • 1995: HEANEY, SEAMUS
  • 1996: SZYMBORSKA, WISLAWA
  • 1997: FO, DARIO
  • 1998: SARAMAGO, JOSÉ
  • 1999: GRASS, GÜNTER
  • 2000: XINGJIAN, GAO
  • 2001: NAIPAUL, SIR VIDIADHAR SURAJPRASAD
  • 2002: KERTÉSZ, IMRE
  • 2003: COETZEE, JOHN MAXWELL
  • 2004: JELINEK, ELFRIEDE
  • 2005: PINTER, HAROLD
  • 2006: PAMUK, ORHAN
  • 2007: LESSING, DORIS MAY
  • 2008: LE CLÉZIO, JEAN-MARIE GUSTAVE
  • 2009: MÜLLER, HERTA
  • 2010: VARGAS LLOSA, MARIO
  • 2011: TRANSTRÖMER, TOMAS GÖSTA
  • 2012: YAN, MO(PEN-NAME OF GUAN MOYE)
  • 2013: MUNRO, ALICE ANN
  • 2014: MODIANO, PATRICK
  • 2015: ALEXIEVICH, SVETLANA
  • Peace
  • 1901: DUNANT, JEAN HENRY; PASSY, FRÉDÉRIC
  • 1902: DUCOMMUN, ÉLIE; GOBAT, CHARLES ALBERT
  • 1903: CREMER, SIR WILLIAM RANDAL
  • 1904: INSTITUT DE DROIT INTERNATIONAL (INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW), GHENT
  • 1905: BARONESS BERTHA SOPHIE FELICITA VON SUTTNER, NÉE COUNTESS KINSKY VON CHINIC UND TETTAU
  • 1906: ROOSEVELT, THEODORE
  • 1907: MONETA, ERNESTO TEODORO; RENAULT, LOUIS
  • 1908: ARNOLDSON, KLAS PONTUS; BAJER, FREDRIC
  • 1909: BEERNAERT, AUGUST MARIE FRANÇOIS; PAUL HENRI BENJAMIN BALLUET D'ESTOURNELLES DE CONSTANT, BARON DE CONSTANT DE REBECQUE
  • 1910: BUREAU INTERNATIONAL PERMANENT DE LA PAIX (PERMANENT INTERNATIONAL PEACE BUREAU), BERNE
  • 1911: ASSER, TOBIAS MICHAEL CAREL; FRIED, ALFRED HERMANN
  • 1912: ROOT, ELIHU
  • 1913: LA FONTAINE, HENRI
  • 1914
  • 1915
  • 1916
  • 1917: COMITÉ INTERNATIONAL DE LA CROIX – ROUGE (INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED CROSS), GENEVA
  • 1918
  • 1919: WILSON, THOMAS WOODROW
  • 1920: BOURGEOIS, LÉON VICTOR AUGUSTE
  • 1921: BRANTING, KARL HJALMAR; LANGE, CHRISTIAN LOUS
  • 1922: NANSEN, FRIDTJOF
  • 1923
  • 1924
  • 1925: CHAMBERLAIN, SIR AUSTEN; DAWES, CHARLES GATES
  • 1926: BRIAND, ARISTIDE; STRESEMANN, GUSTAV
  • 1927: BUISSON, FERDINAND; QUIDDE, LUDWIG
  • 1928
  • 1929: KELLOGG, FRANK BILLINGS
  • 1930: SÖDERBLOM, LARS OLOF NATHAN
  • 1931: ADDAMS, JANE; BUTLER, NICHOLAS MURRAY
  • 1932
  • 1933: ANGELL, SIR NORMAN R.L.
  • 1934: HENDERSON, ARTHUR
  • 1935: VON OSSIETZKY, CARL
  • 1936: SAAVEDRA LAMAS, CARLOS
  • 1937: CECIL, LORD EDGAR ALGERNON ROBERT G. (VISCOUNT CECIL OF CHELWOOD)
  • 1938: OFFICE INTERNATIONAL NANSEN POUR LES REFUGIES (NANSEN INTERNATIONAL OFFICE FOR REFUGEES), GENEVA
  • 1939
  • 1940
  • 1941
  • 1942
  • 1943
  • 1944: COMITÉ INTERNATIONAL DE LA CROIX – ROUGE (INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED CROSS), GENEVA
  • 1945: HULL, CORDELL
  • 1946: BALCH, EMILY GREENE; MOTT, JOHN RALEIGH
  • 1947: THE FRIENDS SERVICE COUNCIL (THE QUAKERS), LONDON, THE AMERICAN FRIENDS SERVICE COMMITTEE (THE QUAKERS), WASHINGTON
  • 1948
  • 1949: BOYD ORR OF BRECHIN, LORD (JOHN)
  • 1950: BUNCHE, RALPH JOHNSON
  • 1951: JOUHAUX, LÉON
  • 1952: SCHWEITZER, ALBERT
  • 1953: MARSHALL, GEORGE CATLETT
  • 1954: OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES (UNHCR), GENEVA
  • 1955
  • 1956
  • 1957: PEARSON, LESTER BOWLES
  • 1958: PIRE, GEORGES
  • 1959: NOEL-BAKER, PHILIP JOHN
  • 1960: LUTULI, ALBERT JOHN
  • 1961: HAMMARSKJÖLD, DAG HJALMAR AGNE CARL
  • 1962: PAULING, LINUS CARL, LIGUE DES SOCIETIES DE LA CROIX ROUGE (LEAGUE OF RED CROSS SOCIETIES), GENEVA
  • 1963: COMITÉ INTERNATIONAL DE LA CROIXROUGE (INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED CROSS), GENEVA, and LIGUE DES SOCIETIES DE LA CROIX ROUGE (LEAGUE OF RED CROSS SOCIETIES), GENEVA
  • 1964: KING, JR., MARTIN LUTHER
  • 1965: UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
  • 1966
  • 1967
  • 1968: CASSIN, RENÉ
  • 1969: INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION, GENEVA
  • 1970: BORLAUG, NORMAN ERNEST
  • 1971: BRANDT, WILLY
  • 1972
  • 1973: KISSINGER, HENRY ALFRED; LE DUC, THO
  • 1974: MACBRIDE, SEÁN; SATO, EISAKU
  • 1975: SAKHAROV, ANDREI DMITRIYEVICH
  • 1976: WILLIAMS, BETTY; CORRIGAN, MAIREAD
  • 1977: AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL, LONDON
  • 1978: AL-SADAT, MOHAMED ANWAR; BEGIN, MENACHEM
  • 1979: MOTHER TERESA
  • 1980: PEREZ ESQUIVEL, ADOLFO
  • 1981: OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES (UNHCR), GENEVA
  • 1982: MYRDAL, ALVA; GARCÍA ROBLES, ALFONSO
  • 1983: WALESA, LECH
  • 1984: TUTU, DESMOND MPILO
  • 1985: INTERNATIONAL PHYSICIANS FOR THE PREVENTION OF NUCLEAR WAR (IPPNW), BOSTON, USA
  • 1986: WIESEL, ELIE
  • 1987: SÁNCHEZ, ARIAS OSCAR
  • 1988: THE UNITED NATIONS PEACEKEEPING FORCES
  • 1989: TENZIN, GYATSO
  • 1990: GORBACHEV, MIKHAIL SERGEYEVICH
  • 1991: AUNG SAN, SUU KYI
  • 1992: RIGOBERTA, MENCHU TUM
  • 1993: MANDELA, NELSON ROLIHLAHLA; FREDRIK, WILLEM DE KLERK
  • 1994: ARAFAT, YASSER; PERES, SHIMON; RABIN, YITZHAK
  • 1995: ROTBLAT, JOSEPH, PUGWASH CONFERENCES ON SCIENCE AND WORLD AFFAIRS
  • 1996: BELO, CARLOS FILIPE XIMENES; RAMOS-HORTA, JOSÉ; WILLIAMS, JODY
  • 1997: INTERNATIONAL CAMPAIGN TO BAN LANDMINES (ICBL) and WILLIAMS, JODY
  • 1998: HUME, JOHN; TRIMBLE, DAVID
  • 1999: MÈDECINS SANS FRONTIÈRES
  • 2000: DAE-JUNG, KIM; ANNAN, KOFI ATTA
  • 2001: UNITED NATIONS (UN) and ANNAN, KOFI ATTA
  • 2002: CARTER, JAMES EARL “JIMMY”
  • 2003: EBADI, SHIRIN
  • 2004: MAATHAI, WANGARI MUTA; ELBARADEI, MOHAMED
  • 2005: INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY (IAEA) and ELBARADEI, MOHAMED
  • 2006: YUNUS, MUHAMMAD, GRAMEEN BANK
  • 2007: INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE (IPCC); GORE, JR., ALBERT ARNOLD (AL)
  • 2008: AHTISAARI, MARTTI
  • 2009: OBAMA, BARACK HUSSEIN
  • 2010: XIAOBO, LIU
  • 2011: SIRLEAF, ELLEN JOHNSON; GBOWEE, LEYMAH; KARMAN, TAWAKKOL
  • 2012: EUROPEAN UNION (EU)
  • 2013: ORGANISATION FOR THE PROHIBITION OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS (OPCW)
  • 2014: SATYARTHI, KAILASH; YOUSAFZAI, MALALA
  • 2015: NATIONAL DIALOGUE QUARTET, TUNISIA
  • Economics
  • 1969: FRISCH, RAGNAR KITTIL ANTON; TINBERGEN, JAN
  • 1970: SAMUELSON, PAUL ANTHONY
  • 1971: KUZNETS, SIMON SMITH
  • 1972: HICKS, SIR JOHN RICHARD; ARROW, KENNETH JOSEPH
  • 1973: LEONTIEF, WASSILY W
  • 1974: MYRDAL, KARL GUNNAR; VON HAYEK, FRIEDRICH AUGUST
  • 1975: KANTOROVICH, LEONID VITALEVICH; KOOPMANS, TJALLING CHARLES
  • 1976: FRIEDMAN, MILTON
  • 1977: OHLIN, BERTIL GOTTHARD; MEADE, JAMES EDWARD
  • 1978: SIMON, HERBERT ALEXANDER
  • 1979: SCHULTZ, THEODORE WILLIAM; LEWIS, SIR WILLIAM ARTHUR
  • 1980: KLEIN, LAWRENCE ROBERT
  • 1981: TOBIN, JAMES
  • 1982: STIGLER, GEORGE JOSEPH
  • 1983: DEBREU, GERARD
  • 1984: STONE, SIR JOHN RICHARD NICHOLAS
  • 1985: MODIGLIANI, FRANCO
  • 1986: BUCHANAN, JAMES McGILL
  • 1987: SOLOW, ROBERT
  • 1988: ALLAIS, MAURICE
  • 1989: HAAVELMO, TRYGVE
  • 1990: MARKOWITZ, HARRY; MILLER, MERTON; SHARPE, WILLIAM
  • 1991: COASE, RONALD. H
  • 1992: BECKER, GARY. S
  • 1993: FOGEL, ROBERT. W; NORTH, DOUGLASS. C
  • 1994: HARSANYI, JOHN. C; NASH, JOHN. F; SELTEN, REINHARD
  • 1995: LUCAS, ROBERT JR. E
  • 1996: MIRRLEES, JAMES. A; VICKREY, WILLIAM
  • 1997: MERTON, ROBERT. C; SCHOLES, MYRON. S
  • 1998: SEN, AMARTYA
  • 1999: MUNDELL, ROBERT ALEXANDER
  • 2000: HECKMAN, JAMES JOSEPH; MCFADDEN, DANIEL LITTLE
  • 2001: AKERLOF, GEORGE ARTHUR; SPENCE, ANDREW MICHAEL; STIGLITZ, JOSEPH EUGENE
  • 2002: KAHNEMAN, DANIEL; SMITH, VERNON LOMAX
  • 2003: ENGLE, III, ROBERT FRY; GRANGER, CLIVE WILLIAM JOHN
  • 2004: KYDLAND, FINN ERLING; PRESCOTT, EDWARD CHRISTIAN
  • 2005: AUMANN, ROBERT JOHN; SCHELLING, THOMAS CROMBIE
  • 2006: PHELPS, EDMUND STROTHER
  • 2007: HURWICZ, LEONID “LEO”; MASKIN, ERIC STARK; MYERSON, ROGER BRUCE
  • 2008: KRUGMAN, PAUL ROBIN
  • 2009: OSTROM, ELINOR CLAIRE “LIN”; WILLIAMSON, OLIVER EATON
  • 2010: DIAMOND, PETER ARTHUR; MORTENSEN, DALE THOMAS; PISSARIDES, CHRISTOPHERS ANTONIOU
  • 2011: SARGENT, THOMAS JOHN “TOM”; SIMS, CHRISTOPHER ALBERT CHRIS”
  • 2012: ROTH, ALVIN ELLIOT; SHAPLEY, LLOYD STOWELL
  • 2013: FAMA, EUGENE FRANCIS “GENE”; HANSEN, LARS PETER; SHILLER, ROBERT JAMES “BOB”
  • 2014: TIROLE, JEAN
  • 2015: DEATON, ANGUS