A Concise History of the Middle East

Editor/Author Goldschmidt Jr., Arthur,and Boum, Aomar
Publication Year: 2015
Publisher: Westview Press

Price: Core Collection Only
ISBN: 978-0-81-334962-6
Category: History - World history
Image Count: 22
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

An introduction to the history of this turbulent region from the beginnings of Islam to the present day, this widely acclaimed text by Arthur Goldschmidt Jr. is distinguished by its clear style, broad scope, and balanced treatment. This book explores the evolution of Islamic institutions and culture, the influence of the West, the modernization efforts of Middle Eastern governments, the struggle of various peoples for political independence, the Arab–Israeli conflict, the reassertion of Islamic values and power, the issues surrounding the Palestinian Question, and the post-9/11 Middle East. The eleventh edition has been fully revised to reflect the most recent events in, and concerns of, the region, including an expanded and more nuanced discussion of the “War on Terrorism” and the Arab uprisings, coverage of the rise of ISIS, and a new chapter on the growing environmental problems of the region. In addition, the authors have incorporated new scholarship on the early history to provide a fuller picture of the political shifts and socioeconomic concerns of that time. With updated bibliographical sketches, chronology and glossary, A Concise History of the Middle East remains an essential text for students of Middle East history.

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Table of Contents

  • Illustrations
  • Boxes
  • Preface to the Eleventh Edition
  • 1 Introduction
  • What Is History?
  • Then and Now, There and Here
  • The Physical Setting
  • Some Descriptive Geography
  • Conclusion
  • 2 The Middle East Before Muhammad
  • Persia and Rome
  • The Arabs
  • Conclusion
  • 3 The First Muslim Revolution
  • Muhammad's Early Life
  • The Emigration (Hijra)
  • Pillars of Faith: What Do Muslims Believe?
  • Pillars of Practice: What Must Muslims Do?
  • Conclusion
  • 4 The Early Arab Conquests
  • The Succession Issue
  • The Initial Conquests
  • The Beginnings of Islamic Government
  • Dissension in the Umma
  • Changes in the Government of Islam
  • Conclusion
  • 5 The High Caliphate
  • Restoration of the Umayyad Order
  • The Downfall of the Umayyads
  • The ‘Abbasid Caliphate
  • The Decline of the ‘Abbasids
  • Conclusion
  • 6 Shi'ites and Turks, Crusaders and Mongols
  • Shi'ite Islam in Power
  • The Turks
  • The Crusades
  • The Mongol Invasion
  • Conclusion
  • 7 Islamic Civilization
  • The Rules and Laws of Islam
  • Development of Jurisprudence
  • Islamic Society
  • Intellectual and Cultural Life
  • Theology
  • Conclusion
  • 8 Firearms, Slaves, and Empires
  • The Mamluks
  • The Mongol Il-Khanids
  • Gunpowder Technology
  • The Ottoman Empire
  • Persia Under the Safavids
  • Conclusion
  • 9 European Interests and Imperialism
  • Ottoman Weakness
  • The European Powers and the Eastern Question
  • Conclusion
  • 10 Westernizing Reform in the Nineteenth Century
  • Egypt's Transformation
  • Westernization of the Ottoman Empire
  • Persia Under the Qajars
  • Conclusion
  • 11 The Rise of Nationalism
  • Egyptian Nationalism
  • Ottomanism, Pan-Islam, and Turkism
  • Nationalism in Persia
  • Conclusion
  • 12 The Roots of Arab Bitterness
  • Arab Nationalism
  • World War I
  • The Postwar Peace Settlement
  • Conclusion
  • 13 Modernizing Rulers in the Independent States
  • Turkey: Phoenix from the Ashes
  • From Persia to Iran
  • The Rise of Sa'udi Arabia
  • Conclusion
  • 14 Egypt and the Fertile Crescent Under European Control
  • Egypt's Struggle for Independence
  • The Creation of New States in the Fertile Crescent
  • Phony Democracy and False Independence
  • World War II
  • Postwar Egypt
  • Egypt's Era of Political Frustration
  • Independence for Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq
  • Conclusion
  • 15 The Contest for Palestine
  • Origins
  • Political Zionism
  • The Beginnings of Political Zionism
  • Britain and the Palestine Problem
  • Conclusion
  • 16 Israel's Rebirth and the Rise of Arab Nationalism
  • Israel's War for Independence
  • The War's Aftermath
  • The Arab Countries
  • Israel's Early Years
  • Middle Eastern Oil
  • The Great Powers and the Arab World
  • Rising Arab-Israeli Tensions
  • Conclusion
  • 17 War and the Quest for Peace
  • The June 1967 War
  • The Palestinians
  • Abortive Peace Efforts
  • Political Changes: 1967-1970
  • Danger Signs in the Middle East
  • The October (Yom Kippur) War
  • The War's Aftermath
  • Lebanon: The Arena for a New Arab Struggle
  • The Road to Camp David
  • Conclusion
  • 18 The Reassertion of Islamic Power
  • The Changing Role of Religion in Politics
  • The Iranian Revolution
  • The Struggle for Gulf Supremacy
  • The Retreat from Camp David
  • Western Policy Formation and Islamic Polity
  • Conclusion
  • 19 The Gulf War and the Peace Process
  • The Gulf Crisis
  • Operation Desert Storm
  • The Palestinians: Their Struggle and an Elusive Peace
  • Whither Islam?
  • Conclusion
  • 20 The War on Terrorism
  • Survey of Terrorism
  • The Iraq War
  • The Contest for Palestine (Redux)
  • Conclusion
  • 21 In the Season of Arab Discontent
  • Some Background
  • Rebellions Across the Region
  • Repercussions in the Non-Arab Middle East
  • Conclusion
  • 22 Changing Middle Eastern Environments
  • Water and Gardens
  • Environmental Challenges in the Modern Middle East
  • Water Rights and Potential Political Conflicts
  • Conclusion
  • A Parting Message
  • Chronology
  • Glossary
  • Appendix Figure 1: Basic Statistics for Middle Eastern Countries
  • Appendix Figure 2: Muslim Sects: Major Schools, Notable Branches