Encyclopedia of North American Indian Wars, 1607-1890, The: A Political, Social, and Military History

Editor: Tucker, Spencer C.
Publication Year: 2011
Publisher: ABC-CLIO

Single-User Purchase Price: $341.00
Unlimited-User Purchase Price: $511.50
ISBN: 978-1-85-109697-8
Category: History - United States -- History
Image Count: 372
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

This encyclopedia provides a broad, in-depth, and multidisciplinary look at the causes and effects of warfare between whites and Native Americans, encompassing nearly three centuries of history.

Share this

This book is found in the following Credo Collections:

Table of Contents

  • About the Editors
  • EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD MEMBERS
  • List of Maps
  • List of Tables
  • Preface
  • General Maps
  • Overview
  • Introduction
  • Volume I: A–L
  • A
  • Abenakis
  • Abenaki Wars
  • Abihkas
  • Acoma Pueblo, Battle of
  • Adobe Walls, First Battle of
  • Adobe Walls, Second Battle of
  • Agriculture
  • Agriculture, Subsistence
  • Akanseas/Akensas
  • Alabamas
  • Albany Conference
  • Albany Congress
  • Aleut Rebellion
  • Alexander
  • Algonquins
  • Allilimya Takanin
  • American Horse
  • American Revolutionary War
  • Amherst, Jeffrey
  • Amherst's Decree
  • Amonute
  • Anglo-Powhatan War, First
  • Anglo-Powhatan War, Second
  • Anglo-Powhatan War, Third
  • Ani-yun-wiyas
  • Apache Pass, Battle of
  • Apaches
  • Apache Wars
  • Apalachee Revolt
  • Apalachees
  • Appalachian Mountains
  • Appomattocks
  • Arapahos
  • Arapahos, Northern
  • Arapahos, Southern
  • Arikaras
  • Arikara Scouts
  • Arikara War
  • Arikaree Fight
  • Arrow
  • Artillery
  • Ash Hollow, Battle of
  • Ashishishe
  • Athapascans
  • Atkinson, Henry
  • Attakullakulla
  • Auglaize
  • Auglaize, Council on the
  • Augur, Christopher Columbus
  • Augusta, Congress of
  • B
  • Bacon's Rebellion
  • Bad Axe, Battle of
  • Baker Massacre
  • Bannock War
  • Barbed Wire
  • Barboncito
  • Bascom Affair
  • Bates Creek, Battle of
  • Bear Paw Mountains, Battle of
  • Bear River, Battle of
  • Bear Spring, New Mexico
  • Beaver Wars
  • Beecher Island, Battle of
  • Belknap, William Worth
  • Bent, Charles
  • Bent, William
  • Benteen, Frederick William
  • Bent's Fort
  • Berkeley, William
  • Biduyé
  • Bierstadt, Albert
  • Big Bend, Battle of
  • Big Foot
  • Big Hole, Battle of the
  • Billy Bowlegs
  • Birch Coulee, Battle of
  • Birch Creek, Battle of
  • Bison
  • Black Elk
  • Blackfoot Confederacy
  • Blackfoot Sioux
  • Black Hawk
  • Black Hawk War
  • Black Hills, South Dakota
  • Black Hills Gold Rush
  • Black Hills War
  • Black Hoof
  • Black Kettle
  • Black Point, Attacks on
  • Black Robes
  • Black Swamp
  • Blockhouses
  • Bloody Brook Massacre
  • Bloody Knife
  • Blue Jacket
  • Blue Licks, Kentucky, Action at
  • Blue Water Creek, Battle of
  • Boomtown
  • Boone, Daniel
  • Boonesborough, Kentucky
  • Bosque Redondo
  • Bouquet, Henry
  • Bow and Arrow
  • Boyer, Mitch
  • Bozeman, John
  • Bozeman Trail
  • Braddock, Edward
  • Braddock's Campaign
  • Brant, Joseph
  • Brims of Coweta
  • Britain
  • Brodhead Expedition
  • Brookfield, Siege of
  • Brown, Thomas
  • Brulé Sioux
  • Buffalo
  • Buffalo Bill
  • Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show
  • Buffalo Hump
  • Buffalo Soldiers
  • Buffalo War
  • Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Burnt Corn Creek, Battle of
  • Bushy Run, Battle of
  • Butler, John
  • Butterfield Overland Mail Route
  • C
  • Caddos
  • Caesar
  • Cahokia-Fox Raid
  • Calhoun, James Silas
  • Calhoun, John Caldwell
  • California Gold Rush
  • Camas Meadows, Battle of
  • Camels
  • Cameron, Alexander
  • Camp Grant Massacre
  • Camps
  • Canada
  • Canby, Edward Richard Sprigg
  • Canby's Campaign
  • Cannibalism
  • Canonchet
  • Canochet's Fort
  • Canoes
  • Cantonments
  • Canyon Creek, Battle of
  • Canyon de Chelly, Arizona
  • Captain Jack
  • Captain O'Beel
  • Captivity Narratives
  • Captivity of Europeans by Indians
  • Captivity of Indians by Europeans
  • Captivity of Indians by Indians
  • Carbines
  • Carleton, James Henry
  • Carleton's Campaign
  • Carr, Eugene Asa
  • Carrington, Henry Beebe
  • Carson, Christopher Houston
  • Casco, Treaty of
  • Catawbas
  • Catecahassa
  • Catlin, George
  • Cattle Industry
  • Cavalry, Native American
  • Cavalry, U.S. Army
  • Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Colorado
  • Cavalry Regiment, 4th U.S.
  • Cavalry Regiment, 5th U.S.
  • Cavalry Regiment, 6th U.S.
  • Cavalry Regiment, 7th U.S.
  • Cavalry Regiment, 8th U.S.
  • Cavalry Regiment, 9th U.S.
  • Cavalry Regiment, 10th U.S.
  • Cayugas
  • Centennial Campaign
  • Chacato Troubles
  • Chaffee, Adna Romanza, Sr.
  • Champlain, Samuel de
  • Cheroenhakas
  • Cherokee Alphabet
  • Cherokees
  • Cherokees, Campaigns against
  • Cherokee War
  • Cheyenne-Arapaho War
  • Cheyenne Campaign
  • Cheyennes
  • Cheyennes, Northern
  • Cheyennes, Southern
  • Chichimecos
  • Chickahominys
  • Chickamaugas
  • Chickasaws
  • Chickasaw Wars
  • Chillicothe, Ohio, Battles on the Little Miami River
  • Chippewas
  • Chivington, John
  • Choctaw-Chickasaw War
  • Choctaw Civil War
  • Choctaws
  • Church, Benjamin
  • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
  • Cibecue Creek, Incident at
  • Civil War
  • Clark, George Rogers
  • Clark, William
  • Clark's Garrison, Battle of
  • Clark's Ohio Campaign, First
  • Clark's Ohio Campaign, Second
  • Clearwater River, Battle of
  • Clinch, Duncan Lamont
  • Cochise
  • Cockacoeske
  • Cody, William Frederick
  • Coeur d'Alenes
  • Coeur d'Alene War
  • Coffee, John
  • Colorado War
  • Colorow
  • Colt, Samuel
  • Colt Revolver
  • Comanche Campaign
  • Comancheros
  • Comanches
  • Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Office of
  • Connor, Patrick Edward
  • Connor's Powder River Expedition
  • Conquistadors
  • Cooke, Philip St. George
  • Cooper, James Fenimore
  • Coosaponakeesa
  • Córdova, Francisco Hernández de
  • Corn
  • Corn Liquor
  • Cornplanter
  • Cornstalk
  • Coronado, Francisco Vásquez de
  • Corps of Discovery
  • Council on the Auglaize
  • Counting Coup
  • Covenant Chain
  • Cowetas
  • Crawford, Emmet
  • Crazy Horse
  • Creek-Cherokee Wars
  • Creek-Choctaw Wars
  • Creeks
  • Creek War
  • Croatans
  • Crockett, David
  • Croghan, George
  • Crook, George
  • Crows
  • Curly
  • Curtis, Samuel Ryan
  • Custer, George Armstrong
  • Custer, Thomas Ward
  • Custer's Last Stand
  • Custer's Last Stand in Art
  • D
  • Dade's Massacre
  • Dakota-Ojibwa Conflict
  • Dakota Sioux
  • Davis, Jefferson
  • Dawes Severalty Act
  • Decanisora
  • Deerfield, Massachusetts, Attack on
  • Degataga
  • Delaware Prophet
  • Delawares
  • Delgadito
  • Demographics, Historical
  • Demoiselle, La
  • Department of the Interior
  • Devil's Hole Road, Battle of
  • Deyohninhohakarawenh
  • Digger Indians
  • Dime Novels
  • Dodge, Grenville Mellen
  • Dodge, Henry
  • Dog Soldiers
  • Do-ne-ho-ga-wa
  • Dover, New Hampshire, Attack on
  • Dragoon Regiments, 1st and 2nd
  • Duck River Massacre
  • Dudley, Joseph
  • Dull Knife
  • Dull Knife Fight
  • Dull Knife Outbreak
  • Dummer's Treaty
  • Dummer's War
  • Dunmore, Fourth Earl of
  • Dunmore's War
  • Duston, Hannah
  • Dutch-Indian Wars
  • Dutch-Mohawk Treaty
  • E
  • Easton Conference and Treaty
  • Econochaca, Battle of
  • Ecuyer, Simeon
  • Edged Weapons
  • 8th U.S. Cavalry Regiment
  • El Popé
  • Emistisiguo
  • Emuckfaw Creek, Battle of
  • Encomienda
  • Endicott, John
  • Endicott Expedition
  • Enitachopco Creek, Battle of
  • Eries
  • Esopuses
  • Esopus Wars
  • Evans, John
  • Everglades
  • F
  • Fallen Timbers, Battle of
  • Falls Fight
  • Falmouth, Battle of
  • Fetterman, William Judd
  • Fetterman Massacre
  • 5th U.S. Cavalry Regiment
  • Film and the American Indian Wars
  • Firearms Trade
  • 1st and 2nd Dragoon Regiments
  • Flacco the Elder
  • Flipper, Henry Ossian
  • Forsyth, George Alexander
  • Forsyth, James William
  • Fort Apache
  • Fort Armstrong, Treaty of
  • Fort Bascom
  • Fort Greenville, Treaty of
  • Fort Harmar, Treaty of
  • Fort Jackson, Treaty of
  • Fort Laramie
  • Fort Laramie, Treaty of (1851)
  • Fort Laramie, Treaty of (1868)
  • Fort Leavenworth
  • Fort Mims, Battle of
  • Fort Phil Kearny
  • Fort Riley
  • Fort Robinson
  • Forts, Camps, Cantonments, and Outposts
  • Fort Sill
  • Fort Simcoe
  • Fort Stanwix, Treaty of
  • Fort Strother
  • Fort Sumner
  • Fort Walla Walla
  • Fort Washington
  • Four Lakes, Battle of
  • 4th U.S. Cavalry Regiment
  • Foxes
  • Fox Fort, Siege of
  • Fox Wars
  • France
  • Free, Mickey
  • Frémont, John Charles
  • French and Indian War
  • French and Iroquois Wars
  • Fur Trade
  • G
  • Gaines, Edmund Pendleton
  • Gall
  • Galvanized Yankees and Rebels
  • Ganienkehs
  • Gatewood, Charles Bare
  • Gatling, Richard
  • Gatling Gun
  • Gayanashagowa
  • Geronimo
  • Geronimo Campaign
  • Ghost Dance
  • Gibbon, John
  • Girty, Simon
  • Glaize, The
  • Gnadenhutten Massacre
  • Good Friday Massacre
  • Goshute War
  • Governor Kieft's War
  • Grand Glaize
  • Grant, Ulysses Simpson
  • Grant's Peace Policy
  • Grattan Massacre
  • Greasy Grass Creek, Battle of
  • Great Black Swamp
  • Great Britain
  • Great Law of Peace of the Longhouse People
  • Great Platte River Road
  • Great Sioux Reservation
  • Great Sioux War
  • Great Swamp Fight
  • Great Swamp Fortress
  • Greenville, Treaty of
  • Gregg, John Irvin
  • Grierson, Benjamin Henry
  • Grouard, Frank
  • Guipago
  • Gun Merchant of Okchai
  • H
  • Haigler
  • Halpuda Mikko
  • Hancock, Winfield Scott
  • Handsome Lake
  • Harmar, Josiah
  • Harney, William Selby
  • Harper's Weekly
  • Harrison, William Henry
  • Harrodsburg, Kentucky
  • Hartford, Treaty of
  • Hatch, Edward
  • Hatteras Indians
  • Haudenosaunee
  • Havasupais
  • Hayfield Fight
  • Hazen, William Babcock
  • Henderson, Archibald
  • Hendrick, Chief
  • Hichitis
  • Hillabee Massacre
  • Hin-mah-too-yah-lat-kekt
  • Ho-Chunks
  • Holata Micco
  • Holy Ground, Battle of
  • Hook Nose
  • Hopewell, Treaty of
  • Hopkins, Sarah Winnemucca
  • Horses
  • Horseshoe Bend, Battle of
  • Horseshoe Bend, Treaty of
  • Hotoa-qa-ihoois
  • Houston, Samuel
  • Howard, Oliver Otis
  • Hualapais
  • Hudson River School
  • Hudson's Bay Company
  • Hunkpapa Sioux
  • Hurons
  • Hweeldi
  • I
  • Illinois
  • Indian Agents
  • Indian Creek Massacre
  • Indian New Deal
  • Indian Presents
  • Indian Removal Act
  • Indian Reorganization Act
  • Indian Ring Scandal
  • Indians, Confederate
  • Indian Territory
  • Indian Uprising of 1747
  • Indian War of 1864
  • Infantry Regiment, 7th U.S.
  • Infantry Regiment, 24th U.S.
  • Infantry Regiment, 25th U.S.
  • Inkpaduta
  • Interior, Department of the
  • Inuna-Ina
  • Iroquois
  • Iroquois Confederacy
  • Iroquois Treaties of 1700 and 1701
  • Iroquois Wars
  • Itazipcos
  • J
  • Jackson, Andrew
  • Jackson, Helen Hunt
  • Jamestown
  • Jefferson, Thomas
  • Jemison, Mary
  • Jesup, Thomas Sidney
  • John O'Bail
  • Johnson, Sir William
  • Johnson's 1780 Campaign
  • Joseph, Chief
  • Julesburg Raids
  • K
  • Kaiiontwa'ko
  • Kamiakin
  • Kan-dazis-tlishishen
  • Karankawas
  • Kearny, Stephen Watts
  • Keepers of the Eastern and Western Doors
  • Kelly, Luther Sage
  • Keokuk
  • Kickapoos
  • Kieft, Willem
  • Kieft's War
  • Killdeer Mountain, Battle of
  • King George's War
  • King of the Pamunkeys
  • King Philip's War
  • King William's War
  • Kintpuash
  • Kiowas
  • Kituhwas
  • Kotsoteka Comanches
  • Kwahadi Comanches
  • L
  • La Barre, Joseph Antoine Le Fèbvre de
  • Lake Okeechobee, Battle of
  • Lakota Sioux
  • Lance
  • Land Cessions, Northwest Ordinance
  • Land Rights
  • Langlade, Charles Michel de
  • La Petite Guerre
  • La Salle, René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de
  • Lawton, Henry Ware
  • Legion of the United States
  • Lenni Lenapes
  • Lewis, Meriwether
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition
  • Lipan Apaches
  • Liquor
  • Literature and the American Indian Wars
  • Little Bighorn, Battle of the
  • Little Carpenter
  • Little Crow
  • Little Turtle
  • Little Turtle's War
  • Little Wolf
  • Llano Estacado
  • Logan, Benjamin
  • Logan, John
  • Logstown, Treaty of
  • Lone Wolf
  • Longhouse
  • Looking Glass
  • Lord Dunmore's War
  • Louisiana Purchase
  • Loups
  • Lovewell, John
  • Lovewell's Fight
  • Volume II: M–Z
  • M
  • Mabila, Battle of
  • Mackenzie, Ranald Slidell
  • Mackenzie's Mexico Raid
  • Mahicans
  • Maize
  • Makataimeshekiakiak
  • Makhpyia-luta
  • Mangas Coloradas
  • Manifest Destiny
  • Manuelito
  • Marias Massacre
  • Mariposa War
  • Mason, John
  • Massachusetts Bay–Pequot Treaty
  • Massacre
  • Massacre Canyon, Battle of
  • Massasoit
  • Matoaka
  • McGillivray, Alexander
  • McQueen, Peter
  • Medicine, Military
  • Medicine, Native American
  • Medicine Lodge Treaty
  • Meeker, Nathan Cook
  • Meeker Massacre
  • Memeskia
  • Mendota, Treaty of
  • Merritt, Wesley
  • Mesquakies
  • Metacom
  • Mexico
  • Miami Campaign
  • Miamis
  • Miantonomo
  • Micmac Raids on Nova Scotia
  • Micmacs
  • Middle Plantation, Treaty of
  • Miles, Nelson Appleton
  • Military Divisions, Departments, and Districts
  • Militia
  • Milk Creek, Battle of
  • Mingo Chief
  • Mingos
  • Miniconjou Sioux
  • Minnesota Sioux Uprising
  • Mishikinakwa
  • Missionaries
  • Modocs
  • Modoc War
  • Mog
  • Mohawk-Mahican War
  • Mohawks
  • Mohegans
  • Mohicans
  • Mojaves
  • Mojave War
  • Mo-ke-ta-va-ta
  • Moniac, David
  • Moravian Church
  • Moravian Indian Missions on the Muskingum River
  • Moraviantown, Battle of
  • Mormonism
  • Morning Star
  • Mortar of the Okchai
  • Mo-to-vato
  • Mounted Riflemen, Regiment of
  • Mourning War
  • Muddy People
  • Murray, John, Fourth Earl of Dunmore
  • Muscle Shoals, Grand Council on
  • Muscogees
  • Musgrove, Mary
  • Muskets
  • Mystic Fort Fight
  • N
  • Nakoni Comanches
  • Nakota Sioux
  • Nansemonds
  • Nanunteeno
  • Narragansetts
  • Narragansett Treaty of 1675
  • Narváez, Pánfilo de
  • Natchezes
  • Natchez Revolt
  • Natchez War
  • Native Americans
  • Native Americans, Alliances with Europeans
  • Native Americans and the American Revolutionary War
  • Native Americans and the Civil War
  • Native Americans and the War of 1812
  • Native American Trade
  • Native American Warfare
  • Nativism, Indian
  • Navajo Removal
  • Navajos
  • Navajo War
  • Neolin
  • New England Confederation
  • New France
  • New Mexico
  • New Netherland
  • New Ulm, Battles of
  • Nez Perces
  • Nez Perce War
  • Niagara, Treaty of
  • Nicholas
  • Ni Míi Puus
  • 9th U.S. Cavalry Regiment
  • Nipmucks
  • Ni-U-Ko'n-Skas
  • Noble Savage Concept
  • Norridgewock, Battle of
  • North, Frank Joshua and Luther Hedden
  • Northern Arapahos
  • Northern Cheyennes
  • Northern Paiutes
  • Northwest Indian War
  • Northwest Ordinances of 1785 and 1787
  • Norton, John
  • Nottoways
  • Nova Scotia, Micmac Raids on
  • Numas
  • Nutimus
  • O
  • Oatman Family Massacre
  • O'Bail, John
  • Obwandiying
  • Occaneechees
  • Oconostota
  • Office of Commissioner of Indian Affairs
  • Oglala Sioux
  • Ogoula Tchetoka, Battle of
  • Ohio Company of Virginia
  • Ohio Expedition
  • Ojibwa-Dakota Conflict
  • Ojibwas
  • Ojo Caliente Reservation, New Mexico
  • Ojo Oso, New Mexico
  • Old Briton
  • Old Man's Creek, Battle of
  • Old Northwest Territory
  • Old Shawnee Town
  • Old Winnemucca
  • Oñate, Juan de
  • Oneidas
  • Onondagas
  • O-non-dowa-gahs
  • Opechancanough
  • Oregon Trail
  • Oriskany, Battle of
  • Orontony
  • Osages
  • Osceola
  • Otis, Elwell Stephen
  • Ottawas
  • Ouray
  • Outposts
  • Overland Trail
  • P
  • Pais
  • Paiutes, Northern
  • Palo Duro Canyon, Battle of
  • Palouses
  • Pamunkeys
  • Pan-Indianism
  • Parker, Cynthia Ann
  • Parker, Ely Samuel
  • Parkman, Francis, Jr.
  • Paviotsos
  • Pawnees
  • Pawnee Scouts Massacre
  • Paxton Riots
  • Payne's Landing, Treaty of
  • Pedadumies
  • Penateka Comanches
  • Pennacooks
  • Pequots
  • Pequot War
  • Peskeompskut Massacre
  • Petite Guerre, La
  • Petroglyphs
  • Pettaquamscutt Rock, Treaty of
  • Philip
  • Pickawillany Massacre
  • Pima Revolts
  • Pine Ridge Campaign
  • Pine Ridge Reservation
  • Pine Tree Hill, Treaty of
  • Piqua, Battle of
  • Piscataway, Siege of
  • Pistols
  • Pizi
  • Platte Bridge, Battle of
  • Pocahontas
  • Point Pleasant, Battle of
  • Po-i-to
  • Pometacom
  • Ponce de León, Juan
  • Pontiac
  • Pontiac's Rebellion
  • Pontowattimies
  • Pony Express
  • Popé
  • Pope, John
  • Pottawatomis
  • Powder River Expedition
  • Powhatan
  • Powhatan Confederacy
  • Prairie du Chien, Treaty of
  • Praying Towns and Praying Indians
  • Presents, Indian
  • Proclamation of 1763
  • Prophetstown
  • Pueblo Revolt
  • Pueblos
  • Puritans
  • Pushmataha
  • Pyramid Lake, First Battle of
  • Q
  • Quaker Peace Policy
  • Quakers
  • Quanah Parker
  • Quapaws
  • Queen Anne's War
  • R
  • Railroads
  • Raisin River Massacre
  • Ranks, U.S. Army
  • Rappahannocks
  • Raritans
  • Red Bird
  • Red Cap
  • Red Cloud
  • Red Cloud's War
  • Red Eagle
  • Red Jacket
  • Red River War
  • Red Shoe
  • Red Sticks
  • Red Stick War
  • Remington, Frederic
  • Reno, Marcus Albert
  • Reservations
  • Revolutionary War
  • Reynolds, Charles Alexander
  • Rickahocans
  • Rifles
  • Rocky Mountains
  • Rogers, Robert
  • Rogers's Raid on St. Francis
  • Rogue River War, First
  • Rogue River War, Second
  • Roman Nose
  • Romanticism
  • Rondoenie
  • Rosebud, Battle of the
  • Rowlandson, Mary White
  • Russell, Charles Marion
  • Russia
  • S
  • Sacagawea
  • Sachem
  • Sagamore
  • Sagoyewatha
  • Salt Creek Prairie Massacre
  • Samoset
  • San Carlos Reservation
  • Sand Creek Massacre
  • Sans Arc Sioux
  • Santa Fe Trail
  • Saponis
  • Sassacus
  • Sassamon, John
  • Satanta
  • Sauks and Foxes
  • Scalp Bounty
  • Scalping
  • Scarlet Point
  • Schofield, John McAllister
  • Schurz, Carl
  • Scott, Winfield
  • Scouts, Native American
  • Seattle
  • 2nd Dragoon Regiment
  • Seminoles
  • Seminole War, First
  • Seminole War, Second
  • Seminole War, Third
  • Senecas
  • Senecas, French Attack on
  • Sequoyah
  • 7th U.S. Cavalry Regiment
  • 7th U.S. Infantry Regiment
  • Shawnee Council
  • Shawnee Prophet
  • Shawnees
  • Sheepeater War
  • Sheridan, Philip Henry
  • Sherman, William Tecumseh
  • Shield
  • Shoshones
  • Shoshone War
  • Shulush Homa
  • Sibley, Henry Hastings
  • Sieber, Albert
  • Sioux
  • Sioux War
  • Si Tanka
  • Sitting Bull
  • Sitting Bull's War
  • 6th U.S. Cavalry Regiment
  • Skitswishes
  • Skulking Way of War
  • Slaughter of the Innocents
  • Slavery among Native Americans
  • Slim Buttes, Battle of
  • Smallpox
  • Smith, John
  • Snakes
  • Snake War
  • Society of Friends
  • Sokokis
  • Solomon's Fork, Battle of
  • Soto, Hernando de
  • Soulier Rouge/Soulouche Oumastabé
  • Southern Arapahos
  • Southern Cheyennes
  • Spain
  • Spirit Lake Massacre
  • Spokane Plain, Battle of
  • Spokanes
  • Spoqe'inds
  • Spotted Elk
  • Spotted Tail
  • Springfield, Massachusetts, Burning of
  • Squanto
  • Stagecoach
  • Staked Plains
  • Standing Bear
  • Standing Bear v. Crook
  • Standing Rock Reservation
  • Standish, Myles
  • St. Clair, Arthur
  • St. Clair's Campaign
  • St. Clair's Defeat
  • Steptoe, Edward Jenner
  • Stevens, Isaac Ingalls
  • St. Francis, Canada, Rogers's Raid on
  • Stillman's Run, Battle of
  • Stuart, John
  • Stuyvesant, Petrus
  • Subsistence Agriculture
  • Sudbury Fight
  • Sullivan-Clinton Expedition against the Iroquois
  • Sully, Alfred
  • Sully-Sibley Campaigns
  • Summit Springs, Battle of
  • Sun People
  • Susquehannocks
  • Susquehannock War
  • Sutlers
  • Swansea, Attack on
  • Sycamore Creek, Battle of
  • T
  • Tachnedorus
  • Tahkahokuty Mountain, Battle of
  • Tallapoosa Indians
  • Tall Bull
  • Tallushatchee, Battle of
  • Tanaghrisson
  • Taos Revolt
  • Taoyateduta
  • Tatanka-Iyotanka
  • Taylor, Zachary
  • Tecumseh
  • Teedyuscung
  • Teganissorens
  • Tekestas
  • Telegraph
  • Tenskwatawa
  • 10th U.S. Cavalry Regiment
  • Tequestas
  • Terry, Alfred Howe
  • Teton Sioux
  • Texas Rangers
  • Thames, Battle of the
  • Thayendanega
  • Theyanoguin
  • 3rd Colorado Cavalry Regiment
  • 3rd U.S. Cavalry
  • Thocmentony
  • Timucuan Revolt
  • Tippecanoe, Battle of
  • Tobacco
  • Tomahawk
  • Tomochichi
  • Torture, Ritualized
  • Trail of Tears
  • Tres Castillos, Battle of
  • Trois-Rivières
  • Trois-Rivières, Treaty of
  • Tunicas
  • Turner, Frederick Jackson
  • Tuscaroras
  • Tuscarora War
  • 24th U.S. Infantry Regiment
  • 25th U.S. Infantry Regiment
  • Tzi-na-ma-a
  • U
  • Uncas
  • Underhill, John
  • United Colonies of New England
  • United Kingdom
  • Uprising of 1747
  • Upton, Emory
  • Utes
  • Ute War
  • V
  • Victorio
  • Virginia-Indian Treaty of 1646
  • Virginia-Indian Treaty of 1677/1680
  • Virginia-Indian Wars
  • W
  • Wabash, Battle of the
  • Wabokieshiek
  • Waccamaws
  • Wagon Box Fight
  • Wahunsonacock
  • Wakini
  • Walapais
  • Walkara/Walker
  • Walking Purchase
  • Wampanoags
  • Wampum
  • Wamsutta
  • Wanduny
  • Wappingers
  • War Belt
  • War Club
  • War Department, U.S.
  • War of 1812
  • Warren Wagon Train Raid
  • Washakie
  • Washington, George
  • Washita, Battle of the
  • Watchful Fox
  • Watie, Stand
  • Waunigsootshkau
  • Wayne, Anthony
  • Wayne's Campaign
  • Weapons, Edged
  • Weatherford, William
  • Wells Fargo
  • Wendots
  • Werowance
  • Wessagusset Raid
  • Western Reserve
  • Westos
  • Weyapiersenwah
  • Wheaton, Frank
  • Wheeler-Howard Act
  • White Bird Canyon, Battle of
  • White Cloud
  • Whitestone Hill, Battle of
  • Whitman Massacre
  • Willcox, Orlando Bolivar
  • Willem Kieft's War
  • Williams, Roger
  • Wilson, Henry
  • Wilson, Jack
  • Winnebagos
  • Winnebago War
  • Winnemucca
  • Winnemucca, Sarah
  • Winthrop, John
  • Winthrop, John (Fitz-John)
  • Wolf Mountains, Battle of
  • Wolf Warrior
  • Wood, Leonard
  • Wood Lake, Battle of
  • Wool, John Ellis
  • Worth, William Jenkins
  • Wounded Knee, Battle of
  • Wovoka
  • Wright, George
  • Wussausmon
  • Wyandots
  • Wyoming, Battle of
  • Y
  • Yakima-Rogue War
  • Yamasees
  • Yamasee War
  • Yankton and Yanktonai Sioux
  • Yaquis
  • Yavapais
  • Yellowstone Kelly
  • Young Joseph
  • Yuma War
  • Z
  • Zogbaum, Rufus Fairchild
  • Appendix: Decorations, Medals, and Military Honors
  • Glossary
  • Chronology
  • Bibliography
  • List of Editors and Contributors
  • Categorical Index
  • Volume III: Documents
  • 1. Iroquois constitution
  • 2. Sir thomas More, Utopia, 1516 [Excerpt]
  • 3. The First Relation of Jacques cartier, 1534
  • 4. Accounts of Spanish Explorers in the Southeast, 1536 and 1540 [Excerpts]
  • 5. Juan Rogel, Account of the Massacre of Spanish Jesuits in chesapeake Bay, August 28, 1572
  • 6. Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, Letters to the King of Spain regarding the Indians of Florida, 1572 and 1573
  • 7. Royal Ordinances for the Discovery, the Population, and the Pacification of the Indies, July 13, 1573
  • 8. John White, Account of the Fifth Voyage to Virginia at Roanoke Island, 1593
  • 9. Pedro Fernandez de chocas, Account of the Guale Uprising, October 4, 1597
  • 10. Don Juan de Oñate, Letter from new Mexico, March 1599
  • 11. Powhatan, Remarks to John Smith, 1609 [Excerpts]
  • 12. John Smith, Letter to Queen Anne about Pocahontas, 1616
  • 13. Massasoit Peace treaty, 1621
  • 14. John Smith, Account of the Massacre of 1622 in Virginia, 1624
  • 15. John Martin, “the Manner Howe to Bringe the Indians into Subjection,” December 15, 1622
  • 16. David Pietersz DeVries, Account of the Swanendael Massacre, 1632 [Excerpt]
  • 17. Lion Gardiner, Account of the Pequot Wars, 1660
  • 18. Treaty of Hartford, 1638
  • 19. Account of Governor Kieft's War, 1643 [Excerpt]
  • 20. Virginia Peace treaty with the Indians, October 5, 1646
  • 21. Exclusion of Jews from Military Service in new Amsterdam, 1655
  • 22. John Eliot, Account of new England Indians’ Conversion to christianity, ca. 1671
  • 23. John Gerrard, An Account of the Attack on the Susquehannock Stronghold, 1675
  • 24. Nathaniel Saltonstall, Accounts of King Philip's War, 1675–1676 [Excerpts]
  • 25. Mary Rowlandson, Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration, 1682
  • 26. Nathaniel Bacon, “Declaration in the name of the People of Virginia,” July 30, 1676
  • 27. Antonio de Otermin, Report on the Pueblo Uprising in new Mexico, 1680 [Excerpts]
  • 28. Count Frontenac, Report on War with the Iroquois, november 2, 1681 [Excerpts]
  • 29. Cotton Mather, Decennium Lutuosum, 1699 [Excerpt]
  • 30. James Moore, Letters regarding the English Attack on Spanish Florida, 1704
  • 31. Robert Beverley, Report on the Indians of Virginia, 1705
  • 32. John Williams, The Redeemed Captive Returning to Zion, 1707 [Excerpt]
  • 33. Christoph von Graffenreid, Account of the tuscarora Attack in north carolina, 1711
  • 34. Antoine le Page du Pratz, Quoting the Reply of the Stung Serpent, 1723
  • 35. The Walking Purchase, August 25, 1737
  • 36. Six nations, Meeting with colonial Officials at Albany, August 19, 1746
  • 37. Robert Dinwiddie, Instructions to George Washington regarding the French in the Ohio country, October 30, 1753
  • 38. George Washington, Report to Robert Dinwiddie of General Edward Braddock's Defeat in Ohio country, July 18, 1755
  • 39. James Smith, An Account of the Remarkable Occurrences in the Life and Travels of Col. James Smith, 1799 [Excerpts]
  • 40. Mary Jemison as told to James Seaver, The Life of Mary Jemison, 1755 [Excerpt]
  • 41. Edmond Atkin, Report to the Lords commissioners for trade and Plantation, 1755 [Excerpts]
  • 42. Chickasaw Headmen, Speech to the Governor of South carolina, April 5, 1756
  • 43. Robert Rogers, Journal Account on the Destruction of St. Francis, September 1759 [Excerpt]
  • 44. James Glen, Account of the Role of Indians in the Rivalry Involving France, Spain, and England, 1761
  • 45. Henry timberlake, The Memoirs of Lieut. Henry Timberlake, 1765 [Excerpts]
  • 46. Treaty of Paris, 1763
  • 47. Proclamation of the Line of Settlement, October 7, 1763
  • 48. William Johnson, Report on the Iroquois confederacy, november 13, 1763 [Excerpt]
  • 49. Pontiac, Speech to the French, May 5, 1763
  • 50. William trent, Account of the Siege of Fort Pitt, June 1763
  • 51. Henry Bouquet, Reports on the Relief of Fort Pitt, August 28, 1763
  • 52. Pontiac, Letter Addressed to the commander of Detroit, October 30, 1763
  • 53. Benjamin Franklin, narrative of the Paxton Boys Massacre, 1764 [Excerpts]
  • 54. Paxton Boys Declaration, 1764
  • 55. Treaty of Fort Stanwix, november 5, 1768 [Excerpts]
  • 56. Decharihoga, Speech to Sir William Johnson, July 11, 1774 [Excerpt]
  • 57. Accounts of Lord Dunmore's War, 1774 [Excerpts]
  • 58. Continental congress, two Addresses to the Six nations, 1776–1777 [Excerpts]
  • 59. George Washington, Instructions to John Sullivan Ordering the Destruction of the Six nations, May 31, 1779
  • 60. Henry Dearborn, Account of John Sullivan's Indian Expedition, 1779
  • 61. Promises of Land Grants to Volunteer Soldiers, 1780
  • 62. Kentucky Petition for Protection from Shawnees, March 13, 1780
  • 63. Emerson Bennett, Portrayal of Simon Girty in The Renegade (1848), 1782 [Excerpt]
  • 64. Treaty of Paris, 1783
  • 65. Joseph Brant, Message to the British Governor, 1783
  • 66. Benjamin Franklin, The Savages of North America, 1784
  • 67. Treaty of Fort Stanwix, October 22, 1784
  • 68. Daniel Boone, “Colonel Boone's Autobiography,” 1784 [Excerpt]
  • 69. Chickasaw treaty, 1786
  • 70. Northwest Ordinance, 1787
  • 71. Treaty of Fort Harmar, 1789
  • 72. Trade and Intercourse Act, July 22, 1790
  • 73. Anthony Wayne, Letter to Henry Knox on the Victory at Fallen timbers, August 28, 1794
  • 74. Treaty of Greenville, 1795
  • 75. Treaty with the Mohawks, 1797
  • 76. Louisiana Purchase treaty, April 30, 1803
  • 77. William clark, Journal Account of the Lewis and clark Expedition, October 19, 1805
  • 78. Blue Jacket, Message on Relations with the British, 1807
  • 79. Tenskwatawa, Speech on a System of Religion, 1808
  • 80. Treaty of Fort Wayne, September 30, 1809
  • 81. Tecumseh, Speech to Governor William Henry Harrison, August 12, 1810
  • 82. Accounts of the Battle of tippecanoe, 1811
  • 83. Tecumseh, Speech to the Osages, 1811
  • 84. Robert Dickson, Secret canadian correspondence about Indian Loyalties, 1812
  • 85. Nathan Heald, Report on Fort Dearborn Massacre, October 23, 1812 [Excerpt]
  • 86. Accounts of the Iroquois confederacy regarding the War of 1812, 1812–1813
  • 87. Tecumseh, Speech to Henry Procter at Amherstburg during the War of 1812, September 18, 1813
  • 88. Treaty of Fort Jackson, August 9, 1814
  • 89. Treaty of Ghent, December 24, 1814
  • 90. Adams-Onís treaty, February 22, 1819
  • 91. Andrew Jackson, Indian Removal Messages to congress, 1829–1830
  • 92. Indian Removal Act, May 28, 1830
  • 93. Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, March 18, 1831 [Excerpts]
  • 94. Winfield Scott, Effect of the cholera Epidemic on the conduct of the Black Hawk War, 1832 [Excerpt]
  • 95. Black Hawk, Surrender Speech, 1832
  • 96. Act creating a commissioner of Indian Affairs, July 9, 1832
  • 97. Treaty with the Seminoles, 1833
  • 98. Sam Houston, Message to the Indian tribes of texas, november 11, 1836
  • 99. John Ross, Letter to General Winfield Scott about the cherokee Removal, August 30, 1838
  • 100. Winfield Scott, Address to the cherokee People regarding Removal, 1838
  • 101. Accounts of Missionaries to Oregon, 1837
  • 102. Felix Huston, Report on the Battle of Plum creek, August 12, 1840
  • 103. Texas Annexation Act, March 1, 1845
  • 104. John O'Sullivan, Manifest Destiny, July 1845 [Excerpts]
  • 105. Lansford W. Hastings, The Emigrants’ Guide to Oregon and California, 1845 [Excerpt]
  • 106. Oregon treaty, June 15, 1846
  • 107. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, February 2, 1848
  • 108. James Polk, Message to congress on the Discovery of Gold in California, December 5, 1848
  • 109. Testimonials to congress on the Efficacy of the colt Revolver against Indians, 1851
  • 110. Treaty of Fort Laramie, September 17, 1851
  • 111. Apache treaty, July 1, 1852
  • 112. Gadsden Purchase treaty, December 30, 1853
  • 113. Chief Seattle, Speech to the Governor, 1854
  • 114. George crook, Service in the northwest, 1854–1857
  • 115. Jefferson Davis, Annual Report of the Secretary of War on the Proposed transcontinental Railroad, December 3, 1855 [Excerpt]
  • 116. Abner Doubleday, Service in Florida during the third Seminole War, 1855–1858 [Excerpt]
  • 117. Philip Sheridan, the Indian Attack and Reprisal in the Pacific northwest, 1856 [Excerpts]
  • 118. Nez Perce treaties, 1855, 1863, and 1868
  • 119. John Bell Hood, Engaging the comanches in texas, 1857
  • 120. Helen Hunt Jackson, Dramatization of the Plight of the Mission Indians, 1850s
  • 121. Texas Ordinance of Secession, February 1, 1861
  • 122. Homestead Act, May 20, 1862 [Excerpt]
  • 123. Little crow, Speech on the Eve of the Minnesota Sioux Uprising, August 18, 1862
  • 124. Accounts of chickasaws in confederate Service, October–november 1864
  • 125. Report of the Southern treaty commission, October 30, 1865
  • 126. U.S. Congress, Joint commission on the conduct of the War, Report on the Sand creek Massacre, 1865
  • 127. Ely S. Parker, Letter to Ulysses S. Grant on the “Indian Problem,” ca. 1866 [Excerpts]
  • 128. Frances carrington, Account of the Fort Phil Kearny Massacre, 1866
  • 129. Creation of the Indian Peace commission, July 20, 1867
  • 130. Medicine Lodge treaty with the Kiowas, comanches, and Apaches, October 1867
  • 131. Fort Laramie treaty, April 29, 1868
  • 132. De Benneville Randolph Keim, the Winter campaign against Black Kettle, 1868–1869
  • 133. Emanuel Stance, Report on Engagement, May 26, 1870
  • 134. Ulysses S. Grant, Peace Policy, December 5, 1870
  • 135. John G. Bourke, the Use of Apache Scouts, 1873–1886
  • 136. John G. Bourke, the Military telegraph in the Far West, 1870s
  • 137. George crook, Discovery of Gold in the Black Hills, 1875
  • 138. Fanny Dunbar corbusier, the Removal of Apaches to San carlos Reservation, 1876
  • 139. Elizabeth custer, Account of corruption among Indian Agents, 1870s
  • 140. John G. Bourke, Account of an Attack on a Sioux Village, 1876
  • 141. Red Horse, Account of the Battle of the Little Bighorn, 1876
  • 142. Frederick Frances Girard, Account of the Battle of the Little Bighorn, 1876
  • 143. John G. Bourke, the Surrender of crazy Horse, 1877
  • 144. Chief Joseph, Surrender Speech, October 15, 1877
  • 145. Fanny Dunbar corbusier, the Pursuit of the cheyennes, 1878
  • 146. Standing Bear v. Crook, May 12, 1879
  • 147. Fanny Dunbar corbusier, Description of a Sioux Religious ceremony, 1879
  • 148. Luther Standing Bear, Account of Attendance at carlisle Indian School, 1879
  • 149. Helen Hunt Jackson, A Century of Dishonor, 1881 [Excerpts]
  • 150. Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins, Petition to congress, 1883
  • 151. Daklugie, Aspects of Apache culture, 1880s [Excerpts]
  • 152. William t. Sherman, Report on the End of the Indian Problem, 1883 [Excerpt]
  • 153. Manuelito, Speech on navajo History, February 25, 1886
  • 154. Nelson Miles, Account of the Surrender of Geronimo, September 4, 1886
  • 155. Eugene chihuahua, Apache Account of Imprisonment in Florida, 1880s
  • 156. Dawes Act, February 8, 1887
  • 157. Documents concerning the Ghost Dance, 1890
  • 158. Sitting Bull, Speech on Keeping treaties, 1890
  • 159. Nelson Miles, correspondence regarding Sioux Unrest, December 19, 1890
  • 160. Indian and White Accounts of the Battle of Wounded Knee, 1890
  • 161. Frederick Jackson turner, “the Significance of the Frontier in American History,” 1893 [Excerpts]
  • 162. Documents concerning the Indian citizenship Act, 1924 and 1933
  • 163. Indian Reorganization Act, June 18, 1934
  • 164. Lyndon Johnson, Message to congress on Indian Self-Determination, March 6, 1968
  • 165. Bureau of Indian Affairs, Procedures for Establishing the Existence of an Indian tribe, October 2, 1978
  • 166. United States v. Sioux Nation of Indians, June 30, 1980 [Excerpts]