Palgrave Key Concepts: Key Concepts in Bilingualism

Editor/Author Field, Fredric W.
Publication Year: 2011
Publisher: Macmillan Publishers Ltd

Price: Core Collection Only
ISBN: 978-0-23-034446-4
Category: Language & Literature - Modern Languages
Book Status: Available
Table of Contents

Arranged alphabetically, this accessible glossary provides a quick source of reference for a range of readers, from students of linguistics to educators who need help navigating the vocabulary of Bilingualism.

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Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • The Key Concepts
  • Aa
  • 4-M model
  • Access
  • Acculturation Model
  • Accuracy
  • Achievement
  • Achievement gap
  • Acoustic phonetics
  • Acquisition
  • Acquisition-Learning Hypothesis
  • Activation
  • Active knowledge
  • Additive bilingualism
  • Affective Filter Hypothesis
  • Age
  • Age of arrival (AO)
  • Ambilingual
  • Amerindian
  • Aphasia
  • Approach
  • Aptitude
  • Articulatory phonetics
  • Assessment
  • Assimilation
  • Asymmetry
  • Attainment
  • Attitude
  • Attrition
  • Audio-lingual method (ALM)
  • Autobiographical memory
  • Bb
  • Babbling
  • Babbling drift
  • Balanced bilingual
  • Behaviorism/behaviorist
  • BICS (basic interpersonal communication skills)
  • Bidialectal
  • Bilingual
  • Bilingual contact languages
  • Bilingual education
  • Bilingual families
  • Bilingual First Language Acquisition (BFLA)
  • Bilingual interactive activation (BIA)
  • Bilingual interactive model of lexical access (BIMOLA)
  • Bilingual language phenomena
  • Bilingual lexicon
  • Bilingual programs
  • Bilingual Syntax Measure (BSM)
  • Bilingualism
  • Bilinguality
  • Biliterate/biliteracy
  • Biologically transmitted (biological transmission)
  • Bootstrapping
  • Borderlands
  • Borrowing
  • Bottom-up
  • Brain-imaging technique
  • Broca's aphasia (also known as motor aphasia, efferent motor aphasia, and verbal aphasia)
  • Broca's area
  • Cc
  • CALP (Cognitive/academic language proficiency)
  • Calque
  • Canonical babbling
  • Caretaker speech
  • Cartesian linguistics
  • Categorical perception
  • Census surveys
  • Cerebral cortex
  • Charter school
  • Child-directed speech
  • CHILDES (Child Language Data Exchange System)
  • Chomsky, Noam
  • Code
  • Code-switching
  • Code-switching constraints
  • Cognition
  • Cognitive revolution
  • Cognitive science(s)
  • Cognitive style
  • Cognitivism
  • Cohort model
  • Communicative competence
  • Communicative language testing
  • Communication theory
  • Community
  • Community bilingualism
  • Community of practice (CoP)
  • Competence
  • Compound bilingual (Type B)
  • Comprehensible input
  • Compressed speech
  • Computational modeling
  • Connectionism/connectionist models
  • Consecutive language acquisition
  • Constructivism
  • Contact
  • Contact language (or variety)
  • Contact linguistics
  • Contact phenomena
  • Content word/item
  • Content-based ESL
  • Continuity assumption
  • Continuity-discontinuity
  • Continuum
  • Contralateral connections
  • Contrastive analysis (CA)
  • Contrastive Analysis Hypothesis (CAH)
  • Contrastive rhetoric (CR)
  • Conversational code-switching
  • Cooing
  • Coordinate bilingual (Type A)
  • Corpus callosum
  • Creole
  • Creolistics
  • Creolization
  • Criterion-based testing
  • Critical literacy
  • Critical (or sensitive) period
  • Critical Period Hypothesis (CPH)
  • Cross-cultural communication
  • CT (Roentgen-ray computed tomography)
  • Cultural literacy
  • Cultural pluralism
  • Culturally transmitted (cultural transmission)
  • Culture
  • Cummins, James (Jim)
  • Dd
  • Dead languages
  • Decode
  • Deficit model
  • Descartes, René
  • Descriptive grammar
  • Developmental approach
  • Developmental English
  • Developmental models/perspective
  • Developmental sequences
  • Dialect
  • Dialect awareness
  • Dialect continuum
  • Dichotic listening tasks
  • Difference model
  • Diglossia
  • Discontinuous
  • Discourse knowledge
  • Dishabituation
  • Domain
  • Domains of language usage
  • Dominance/balance measures
  • Dominant
  • Dominant language switch hypothesis
  • Donor
  • Drift
  • Dual immersion
  • Ee
  • Early exit program
  • Early-system morpheme
  • Echolalia or echolalic speech
  • Elaborated code
  • Embedded language (EL)
  • Emergence of speech sounds
  • Emergentism
  • Emerging bilingual
  • Empiricism
  • Encode
  • Endangered language
  • English as a foreign language (EFL)
  • English as a second/subsequent language (ESL)
  • English for academic purposes (EAP)
  • English for specific purposes (ESP)
  • English language development (ELD)
  • English language learner (ELL)
  • Equipotentiality
  • Error
  • Error analysis (EA)
  • Event-related potentials (ERPs)
  • Eye movement(s)
  • Ff
  • Faculty of language (language faculty)
  • Family tree model
  • First language
  • Fluent English proficiency (FEP)
  • Fluent/fluency
  • fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging)
  • Form
  • Formal
  • Formal grammar
  • Formative (testing)
  • Fossilization
  • Fossilized variation
  • Function word/item
  • Function
  • Functional approach
  • Functional architecture
  • Functional asymmetry
  • Functional bilingual
  • Functional literacy
  • Functionalism
  • Functions of speech
  • Gg
  • Gender
  • Generative approaches/linguistics
  • Generative grammar
  • Genre
  • Grammatical
  • Grammatical morphemes
  • Guest (language)
  • Hh
  • Habituation
  • Head-turn technique
  • Hegemony
  • Hemispheric specialization
  • Heritage language
  • Heritage language bilingual education
  • High-amplitude sucking (HAS) technique
  • High-Low language status
  • Holophrastic speech
  • Host (language)
  • Hypothesis
  • Hypothesis testing
  • Ii
  • Ideal speaker
  • Identity
  • Idiolect
  • Immersion
  • In-between group
  • Incipient bilingual
  • Incipient bilingualism
  • Individual bilingualism
  • Infant-directed speech
  • Informal
  • Informational
  • Innate
  • Input
  • Input Hypothesis
  • Instrumental motivation
  • Intake
  • Integrative motivation
  • Interaction/interactive
  • Interactionism
  • Interference
  • Interlanguage (IL)
  • Intersentential code-switching
  • Intrasentential code-switching
  • Involvement
  • Ipsilateral
  • Islands
  • Jj
  • Joint attention/gaze
  • Kk
  • Knowledge (of language)
  • Krashen, Stephen
  • Ll
  • L1, L2
  • Language
  • Language Acquisition Device (LAD)
  • Language attrition
  • Language background scales
  • Language change
  • Language choice
  • Language contact
  • Language contact phenomena
  • Language death
  • Language evolution
  • Language ideology
  • Language loyalty
  • Language maintenance
  • Language minority/linguistic minority (LM)
  • Language mixing
  • Language modes
  • Language processing
  • Language skills
  • Language socialization
  • Language typology
  • Language universals
  • Language use surveys
  • Language variety
  • Language-Making Capacity (LMC)
  • Late-exit program
  • Late-system morpheme
  • Lateralization
  • Lau v Nichols
  • Learnability
  • Learnability theory
  • Learner's variety
  • Learning
  • Learning strategies
  • Lect (-lect)
  • Lemma
  • Lesion method
  • Lexeme
  • Lexical access
  • Lexical category
  • Lexical item
  • Lexicon
  • Limited English proficiency (LEP)
  • Linguistic competence
  • Linguistic determinism
  • Linguistic diversity
  • Linguistic relativity
  • Linguistic repertoire
  • Literacy myth
  • Literate/literacy
  • Loanword
  • Locke, John
  • Mm
  • Mainstream/mainstreaming
  • Maintenance
  • Map (mapping)
  • Mapping problem
  • Matrix language (ML)
  • Matrix Language-Frame (MLF) model
  • Matrix Language Hypothesis (MLH)
  • Mean length of utterance (MLU)
  • Mentalism/mentalist
  • Metalinguistic awareness
  • Method
  • Mixed language
  • Mode (of communication)
  • Modularity
  • Monitor Theory
  • Monolingual/monolingualism
  • Morpheme studies
  • Mother tongue (maternal language)
  • Motherese
  • Motivation
  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
  • Multilingual/multilingualism
  • Mutual exclusivity assumption
  • Mutual intelligibility
  • Nn
  • Naming insight
  • Native bilingual
  • Native language (NL)
  • Native-language acquisition (NLA)
  • Native speaker (NS)
  • Native-like control
  • Native-speaker intuition
  • Nativism/nativist
  • Natural Approach
  • Natural Order Hypothesis
  • Natural Partitions hypothesis
  • Nature versus nurture
  • Negative evidence
  • Neural circuit
  • Neural networks
  • Neuroimaging
  • Neurolinguistics
  • No Child Left Behind (NCLB)
  • Nonnative speaker (NNS)
  • Nonreduplicated babbling
  • Nonstandard
  • Norm
  • Norm-referenced testing
  • Normative
  • Norms of interaction
  • Norms of interpretation
  • Oo
  • Obsolescence/obsolete
  • One system (or two)
  • Operating principles (OPs)
  • Order of acquisition
  • Overextension
  • Overgeneralization
  • Pp
  • Parallel distributed processing (PDP)
  • Parental involvement
  • Parse
  • Participants (or interlocutors)
  • Passive knowledge
  • Pattern
  • Pedagogical (or teaching) grammar
  • Percentile
  • Perception
  • Performance
  • Performance analysis (PA)
  • Personality
  • Perspective
  • PET (positron emission tomography) scan
  • Phonemic awareness
  • Phonics
  • Phonological awareness
  • Piaget, Jean
  • Piagetian/Neo-Piagetian
  • Pidgin
  • Pidginization Hypothesis
  • Placement
  • Popular culture
  • Positive evidence
  • Poverty of the stimulus
  • Pragmatic knowledge
  • Prescriptive (grammar)
  • Primary language
  • Productive knowledge
  • Proficiency/proficient
  • Psycho-social factors
  • Psycholinguistics
  • Pull-out classes
  • Purpose
  • Qq
  • Qualitative research
  • Quantitative research
  • Rr
  • Recessive language
  • Recipient
  • Recognition point
  • Regional dialect
  • Register
  • Relational relativity hypothesis
  • Relative proficiencies
  • Rememberers
  • Restricted code
  • Rule
  • Rule-governed
  • Ss
  • Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
  • Scaffolding
  • SDAIE (Specially designed academic instruction in English)
  • Second/subsequent language (SL)
  • Second/subsequent language acquisition (SLA)
  • Segmentation problem
  • Self-assessment/rating
  • Semantic loan
  • Semilingual (or double semilingual)
  • Separate Development Hypothesis
  • Sequence
  • Sequential bilingual acquisition
  • Setting
  • Sheltered
  • Shift
  • Silent period
  • Simultaneous bilingual acquisition
  • Situation of speech
  • Skills areas
  • Skinner, B. F.
  • Social dialect
  • Social stratification
  • Societal bilingualism
  • Society
  • Sociolect
  • Sociolinguistic knowledge
  • SPECT (single photon emission computed tomography)
  • Speech
  • Speech act
  • Speech community
  • Speech event
  • Speech stream
  • Split languages
  • Split-brain studies
  • Spread
  • Standard
  • Standard English
  • Standardization
  • Stigmatized
  • Stroop test
  • Structuralism
  • Structural linguistics
  • Structured immersion (programs)
  • Style shifting
  • Submersion
  • Subordinate bilingual (Type C)
  • Subsequent language (SL)
  • Substrate
  • Subtractive bilingualism
  • Summative testing
  • Superstrate
  • System morpheme
  • Tt
  • Tadpole-frog problem
  • Target language (or TL)
  • Taxonomic assumption
  • Teaching English as a foreign language (TEFL)
  • Teaching English as a second/subsequent language (TESL)
  • Teaching English to speakers of other languages (TESOL)
  • Technique
  • Telegraphic speech
  • Testing
  • Theory theory
  • Three generation rule
  • Thresholds Theory
  • Top-down
  • Tracks (streams)
  • Transfer
  • Transitional bilingual education (TBE)
  • Two-way/dual language programs
  • Two-word stage
  • Typological classification
  • Typology
  • Uu
  • Underextension
  • Unilingual/unilingualism
  • Uniqueness point
  • Universal
  • Universal Grammar (UG)
  • Universalism
  • Usage
  • Utterance
  • Vv
  • Variation
  • Vernacular
  • Ww
  • Wernicke's aphasia (also known as sensory aphasia, syntactic aphasia)
  • Wernicke's area
  • Whole language
  • Whole-object assumption
  • Word
  • Word class
  • References